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Патент USA US3034583

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May 15, 1962
Filed Jan. 7, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
May 15, 1962
c. |_. GEROLD
Filed Jan. 7, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG. 4
May 15, 1962
Filed Jan. 7, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
BY 5
United States Patent 0 " Ice
Patented May 15, 1962
by the header, the sill and the jamb members 7. Dis
posed at the lower end of the frame is a group of trans
Charles L. Gerold, 3090 NW. 77th St., Miami, Fla.
versely bowed slats 13. The several groups of slats 12
and 13 are adapted to cumulate in stacked relation with
in the troughs 10 and 11 under the in?uence of means
Filed Jan. 7, 1959, Ser. No. 785,504
4 Claims. (Cl. 160-34)
to be presently described.
This invention relates to closure devices for use in
The ends of the slats 12 and 13 have connecting en
connection with windows or other openings and contem
gagement with end clips 14, see particularly FIGURE
plates a device that may be engaged with a conventional
6. Each of the end clips 14 embody a metallic strip 15,
window frame and preferably to overlie the usual screen 10 having its lower end bent upon itself as at 16 to ‘form a
frame of the window.
receptacle for the reception of the lower edge of the
The device embodies a frame having a header and a
slats. The upper edge of the strip 15 is provided with
sill and with the header and the sill connected by jamb
a band 17 having a projecting ?nger 18 of T-shape and
members and with the header and the sill having trough
with the ?nger 18 being guided within the slot 9 of
like channels that extend for their full length and with 15 the jam'bs 8 and whereby to maintain the slats in their
upper and lower closure devices that are cumulated in
overlapping relationship. A lowermost clip 19 has its
the upper and lower channels respectively and whereby
terminal lower end rolled at 20 whereby to engage the
the closures may be individually controlled to cover and
bottom of the trough 11 and that causes the clip and the
succeeding clips connected thereto to roll or slide out
The closure device embodies a plurality of slats that 20 wardly, shown particularly'in FIGURE 3 and so that
are transversely bowed and with the slats adapted to
all of the slats in the lower section will cumulate or pile
have overlapping relation when the cover is in the opera
upon each other. This motion is provided by link wires
tive position and with each end of the several slats be
21, that are pivotally engaged with the lower clip 19
ing supported within clip devices and whereby the sev
and with ears 22 formed upon the next adjacent clip.
eral slats are connected in a manner to cause them to 25 The band 17 upon the forward side of the strip 15 is
overlap in the extended position and to cumulate in a
cut away at 23 and whereby to receive the upper margi
stacked relation within the channels of the header and
nal edge of the slats 13, with the lower marginal edge of
the sill.
the slats Ibeing engaged within the bend portion 16. The
A further object of the invention is to provide jamb
uppermost clip 14 of the lower group of slats has its T
members that are channeled to receive key members car 30 head 18 perforated at 24 to receive a connecting ele
ried by each of the end clips and with each of the slats
ment 25 of a ?exible elevating cable 26 and through the
being readily removable from the clips and also remov
medium of which the several clips and their supported
able with respect to each other and, with actuating cords
slats may be raised and lowered and guided by the en
and lock mechanisms for each group of slats.
gagement of the T-‘heads 18 within the slots 9 of the
Novel features of construction and operation of the 35 jamb members. The cable 26 engages the usual traverse
device will be more clearly apparent during the course of
and locking mechanism 27 similar to the conventional
the following description, reference being had to the ac
elevating and locking mechanism embodied in the well
companying drawings wherein has been illustrated a pre
known Venetian ‘blinds. The uppermost slat is provided
ferred form of the device and wherein like characters
with a reinforcing bar 28. The upper group of slats 12
of reference are employed to denote like parts through
are supported within end clips 29 and the lowermost clip
uncover any desired area of the window.
out the several ?gures.
29 of the upper group of slats are provided with a band
In the drawings:
30 having the T-head 31 that is apertured for connec
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a closure device con
tion to an ‘operating cable 32. The clips 29 are similar
to the clips 14 and also traverse the slots 9 of the jamb
structed in accordance with the invention,
FIGURE 2 is a top plan view, parts removed for sake 45 members to be movable in an upper and lower ‘direction
under the in?uence of. the .cables 32, also having traverse.
of clearness,
FIGURE 3 is a vertical section taken on line 3—3 of
FIGURE 1 and with the upper and lower group of slats
being partially shifted to closure position,
engagement with the conventional roller and locking
mechanism 33 carried by the header 5. The clips 29
are also connected together by the wire links 34. The
FIGURE 4 is a view similar to FIGURE 3, but with 50 clips 29 are inverted with respect to the clips 14 and
the slats ‘being fully extended to cover the window open
have their T-heads 31 also engaged within the slots 9
of the jamb members 8. The uppermost clip 35 is linked
to the jamb members 8, by wire link 36. The lowermost
slat is also reinforced by a relatively rigid bar 37. The
of FIGURE 1,
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary perspective view illus 55 link 36 being hingedly connected to the jamb members
8 limits .the downward movement of the upper group of
trating a group of end clips and their association with
slats and with its bar 37 having an angeled lower edge
each other,
38 adapted to override the reinforcing bar 28 when the‘
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged horizontal section through
slats are fully moved to cover the opening of the frame.
one jamb member and,
FIGURE 8 is a section taken on line 8-8 of FIG 60 Actuation of the cables 32 causing the clip 35, under the
in?uence of the links 36, to swing outwardly away from
ure 7.
the jam-b members 8 and, the several lower clips, due
Referring speci?cally to the drawings, the numeral 5
to their linked connections also swing outwardly to over
designates a header element, 6 a sill element and 7 a
lie and cumulate the several slats and the clips in stacked
pair of jamb members connecting the header and the
sill. Each of the jamb members 7, see particularly FIG? 65 relation within the trough 10, it being understood that
the troughs 10 and 11 are su?iciently deep to accumu
URE 7, is a hollow box-like structure 8, slotted upon
late the several slats of each group. The cables 26 and
its forward wall as at 9. The header 5'is rigidly con
32 pass downwardly through the jambs 8 for connec
nected to the jamb members and is bent to form a down
tion to the uppermost and lowermost clip of each group
wardly opening trough 10, while the sill 6 is bent to form
an upwardly opening trough 11. Connected with the 70 upon opposite sides of the device.
In the use of the .device, the frame is assembled in
header 5 is a group of transversely bowed slats 12, the
overlying relation to the conventional insect screening,
slats 12 extend for the full width of the frame formed
FIGURE 5 is a horizontal section taken on line 5-5
of the window and possibly secured in position by screws
or possibly by the conventional clips that hold the screen
frame in position. The several slats are then clipped
with respect to the end clips 14 and 29. The clips are
?rst assembled by connecting the links 21 and 34 from one
clip to another, thus pivotally supporting the clips with
Having described my invention, what I claim as new
and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A closure device of the character described that is
adapted to have overlying relation to a window opening,
the device embodying a metallic frame having a header,
respect to each other.
coextensive with the window opening, the jamb members
being tubular and square in cross section and with their
With the several slats in clipped
engagement, the operator may pull upon either the cable
a sill and connecting jamb members, the frame being
inner faces being slotted for substantially their full height,
26 or 32. When pulling upon the cable 32, the upper
group of slats are shifted upwardly, with their T-heads 10 the header being provided for its full height with an
inwardly extending and ‘downwardly opening trough, the
sliding within the slots 9 of the jamb members to the
sill member being provided with an upwardly opening
position where the several slats accumulate in the header
a trough, an upper group of slats and a lower group of
5 in piled arrangement. The cable 26 is then released
slats that are horizontally arranged and with the upper
to lower the lower group of slats, the lower clip 19
initially shifting upon the bottom of the trough 11 and 15 and lower group of slats being movable in a vertical plane
in opposed relation, the several slats in each group when
through the linkage 21 causing the several links and their
in the closure position being in overlapping contacting
supported slats to cumulate in piled relation upon the
relation, end clips for the ends of the several slats having
bottom of the trough 11. Through the medium of the
detachable connection to the slats, each of the clips hav
cables 26 and 32, the two groups of slats can be indi
ing upper and lower ?anges under which longitudinal
vidually operated to cover either the upper or lower por
edge portions of the slats are extended, the engagement
tion of the frame opening. It has been found desirable
of the slats with such ?anges maintaining the slats in a
that the lower group of slats be elevated sufficiently
transversely bowed condition, each of the clips having
to cover the lower portion of the opening when privacy
a rearwardly angled tongue portion of T-shape that is
is desirable but, when it is desired that the frame be fully
covered, the lower group of slats are elevated to approxi 25 located in and has slidable engagement within the slots
of the jamb members, the clips of the ‘upper groups of
mately one-half the opening and then the upper group
slats being inverted with respect to the clips of the lower
of slats are lowered so that the reinforcing bars 26 and
. group of slats, link means between adjacent clips whereby
36 overlap, as shown in FIGURE 4. When it is desired
to maintain the slats in a predetermined horizontal align
to clean the slats, they may be ?exed transversely to
disconnect their ends from the respective clips, thus 30 ment, the uppermost clips of the upper group of slats
being hingedly connected to the header, the lowermost
facilitating the cleansing action. After cleaning, the slats
clips of the lower group of slats terminating in a rolled
are again additionally bowed transversely and engaged in
1 edge whereby to cam the clips in a forward direction to
clipped relation with respect to their respective clips.
dispose the lowermost slat of the lower group in a hori
It is contemplated that the several clips and the slats,
zontal ?at position within the lower trough when the
together with the frame shall be formed of a metal having
lower group of slats are shifted downwardly, the said
a high resistance to corrosion, such as aluminum. The
link means causing the several slats of the lower group
device thus offers a very desirable closure device that
to progressively swing forwardly to lie upon the lower
is substituted for the conventional Venetian blind and
most slat in stacked relation within the trough, a control
whereby the operator may control to a desired degree the
closure of the opening. The several clips are preferably 40 cable connected to the upper end of the uppermost clips
of the lower group of slats for shifting the lowermost
stamped in a convenient manner and assembled one with
group of slats upwardly, the lowermost group of slats
respect to another by the links 21 and 34, thus causing
being movable downwardly and into the trough by gravity,
the several slats to lie in partial overlapping relation
the hinged connection for the uppermost clips in the
when in the closure position. The device is strong, cheap
to manufacture and highly effective as a closure device 45 upper group of slats causing the uppermost slat to swing
outwardly for relatively ?at engagement within the upper
for window openings.
most trough, the said link means between the slats of
Since the upper group of slats have anchored relation
the uppermost group functioning to swing the slats pro
to the header 5, it will be apparent that the upper group
is limited in its movement to cover substantially half of 50 gressively upwardly and forwardly for a stacked relation
in the uppermost trough and a cable device connected
the frame opening. The lower group of slats are not
with the lowermost clips of the upper group of slats for
anchored with respect to the sill 6 and obviously are
controlling the movement of the upper group of slats in a
movable to any degree with respect to the frame opening.
vertical plane toward and from their stacked relation, the
With the upper group of slats in fully cumulated and
stacked relation with respect to the trough 10, the oper 55 upper group of slats being shiftable downwardly by gravity
upon release of the last named cable device.
ator may shift the lower group of slats to any degree
2. The structure according to claim 1 wherein the
desirable for controlling the passage of light through the
upper and lower ?anges of the clips of both groups of
frame opening and without regard to the upper group of
slats form opposed grooves, the said connecting means
slats. It will be apparent of course that with the upper
for the ?rst named cable being at the end portions of the
group of slats stacked within the header 5, the lower
uppermost group of clips for the lower group of slats,
group can then be capable of controlling a predetermined
the connecting means for the second named cable being
area of the frame opening. and, may be utilized as a
at the lower end of the lower clips for the upper group
means to provide privacy within the building and, if
of slats and control and locking means disposed within
elevated su?iciently high, permits light to pass inwardly
below the lowermost slat 13. The device is thus ?exible 65 the header for the control of the cables whereby the
upper and lower group of slats may be shifted to a pre
in that any desired area of the frame opening may be
determined covering position with respect to the opening
covered or, as before pointed out, the bars 28 and 37
of the frame.
may be connected together and the entire group of slats
3. The structure according to claim 1 wherein the
then operating under the control of the cable for the
upper group‘ of slats.
70 lowermost slat of the upper group and the uppermost slat
It is to'beunderstood that the invention is not limited
of the lower group are provided for their major length
to the precise construction shown, but that changes are
with reinforcing bars, the reinforcing bar of the upper
contemplated ‘as readily fall within the spirit of the
group of slats being angled to have overriding and over
invention as shall be determined by the scope of the
lapping engagement with the bar of the lowermost group
subjoined claims.
75 of slats whereby the slats of both groups may be con?
nected in overlying relation to fully close the opening of
the frame.
4. A closure device of the character described com
prising, a frame having a header and a sill connected
by vertically-disposed jamb members, each jamb mem
ber consisting of a tubular element of square cross section
and slotted for its full length, the header having an
inwardly-extending, downwardly opening trough for the
tion, the clips for the slats in the upper group having
?anges at their upper and lower edges to thereby embrace
the slats in said upper group between them in a trans
versely-bowed condition, the various slats being disengage
able from the respective clips by ?exure of said slats,
and each of the clips having a rearwardly-directed
T-shaped ?nger engaging with the slots in the jamb
accumulation of slats in an upper group, the sill having
an inwardly-extending, upwardly opening trough for the 10
accumulation of slats in a lower group, an upper group
of ?exible slats and a lower group of ?exible slats, clips
for the ends of the several slats, each of the clips for
the slats in the lower group having an upper ?ange
extending over the upper edge of a slat, each ‘of the clips 15
for the slats in the lower group having an upturned lower
end forming a seat for its slat, said ?anges and upturned
lower ends on the clips being effective to hold the slats
disposed between them in a transversely-bowed condi
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Lancaster ___________ __ May 21, 1918
Showmaker __________ __ Apr. 29, 1919
Shook ______________ _.. Apr. 9, 1926
Smith et a1. _________ __ Jan. 29, 1946
Great Britain ________ __ Aug. 21, 1941
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