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Патент USA US3034697

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May 15, 1962
D- R. WIESE
3,034,687
DISPENSER FOR SOAP AND OTHER VISCOUS MATERIALS
Filed NOV. 17, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
[-2460 40
“wil:u
INVENTOR.
QYO/VHAO .3. W55:
a MW
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3,934,687
Patented May 15, 1962
2
and dispenser valve in their normal non-dispensing rela
3,034,687
tion;
DISPENSER FOR SOAP AND OTHER
.
VISCOUS MATERIALS
FIG. 4 is a View corresponding to FIG. 3, "but illustrat
ing the valved discharge piston and dispenser valve in a
;
Donald R. Wiese, Pacoima, Calih, assignor to K & W
dispensing position;
Products, Inc., Whittier, Calili, a corporation of
Nevada
'
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary view in vertical section as
'
taken‘ on the line 5—5 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary detail view in trans
Filed Nov. 17, 1958, Ser. No. 774,239
12 Claims. (Cl. 222-256)
verse section as taken on the line 6—6 of FIG. 4
The present invention relates to a dispensing device 10 through the discharge conduit and the discharge valve
support;
and more particularly to a device adapted to dispense
FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary detail view in bot
- quantities of highly viscous ?uids such as waterless soap
tom plan depicting the inner end of the dispenser valve
or other viscous ?uids approaching the viscosity or semi
mechanism as indicated by the line 7—7 of FIG. 4;
solid state of paste-like waterless soap.
The present invention contemplates dispensing appara 15 FIG. 8 is a fragmentary detail view in section as taken
on the line 8—8 of FIG. 7; and
tus which e?‘iciently dispenses paste-like ?uids such as
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary detail view in section through
waterless soap or the like in a manner such as to avoid
the discharge opening, as taken on the line 9—9 of
discharge problems, cavitation of the material to be dis
FIG. 4.
pensed, and the like.
Among the primary objectives of the invention is to 20 Like reference characters in the several ?gures of the
drawings and in the following description designate cor
provide a dispenser device which is extremely simple to
responding parts.
operate as well as to load and reload as the initial supply
1
of material to be dispensed is depleted.
Waterless soap is generally viscous to the point of re‘
Generally speaking the present dispenser apparatus in
cessive amounts of the soap are used or an insu?icient
at some suitable points, preferably diametrically spaced
amount of soap may vbe employed. Moreover, removal
of the cover and replacement thereof following use of
the soap is an annoyance and inconvenient, and substan
as shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, the wall 1’ of the base 1 is
provided with means 7, 7 for releasably securing the con
tainer 2 seated in the cup-like base 1 in engagement with
a horizontally extended annular shoulder 8 formed within
the base 1.
Each of the means 7, preferably comprises, as best
cludes a cup-like body or base 1 adapted to removably
sisting flow and is commonly supplied to users in con 25 receive a container 2 of material to be dispensed such as,
for example, waterless soap or other highly viscous fluid.
tainers, as for example, of one gallon capacity. It is
The base 1 includes a generally circumferentially extend
7 common practice in the use of such soap merely to place
ed upstanding wall 1' and a bottom 3, there being formed
the container in a convenient location where a user may
at one side of the base 1 a bracket 4 adapted to be con
readily dip into the paste-like waterless soap in order to
obtain a quantity of the soap material. Frequently, ex 30 nected as by screws 5 to a supporting wall. 6 or the like,
‘tial quantities of the soap material are normally left in
‘a container following normal manual removal of the soap
material.
Accordingly, another object of the invention is to pro
vide a dispenser device adapted to readily accommodate
illustrated in FIG. 5, a pivotally mounted latch lever 9
mounted for pivotal movement on a pin 10 extending
‘a container or the like in which waterless soap material 40 between opposed walls 11 of a radial enlargement 12
of the base 1. Spring means such as a coiled compres
is supplied for use, wherein the dispenser is capable of
sion spring 13 is interposed between the wall of the re
dispensing the entire contents of the container in an ex
spective radial enlargements and the inner end of the
tremely efficient manner.
latch levers 9 so as to normally bias the inner ends of
‘ Another object is to provide a dispenser for viscous
fluids such as waterless soap wherein a pressure applying 45 these levers into engagement with the receptacle 2, which,
as illustrated, is provided with a peripheral bead 14 en
follower forces the flow of the viscous material from the
container and wherein a valved discharge piston effects
gaged by the latch levers 9 so as to releasably retain the
dispensing of the viscous ?uid upon actuation of a man
container 2 within the base 1.,
ually operable dispenser valve, the valved discharge pis
-
,
-
It will be understood that conventionally viscous prod
ton operating to allow the passage therethrough of the 50 ucts or waterless soap to be dispensed by the dispenser
apparatus of the invention would normally be supplied
material being dispensed upon closure of the dispenser
valve.
in cans of the type provided with a bead such as that
7
Another object of the invention is to provide dispenser
apparatus in accordance with the foregoing general ob
jectives which is extremely simple to manufacture, install
shown at 14. Thus, the container 2 is illustrative of a
and maintain at a minimum of cost.
a special container of a more attractive appearance may
shipping container in which the product to be dispensed
is initially shipped to a consumer.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will here
be employed in lieu of a can in-which the product to be
dispensed is shipped.
inafter be described or will become apparent as the de
scription progresses and the novel features thereof will be
de?ned in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings:
FIG. 11 is an elevational view showing a dispenser de
vice made in accordance with the invention with a con
tainer for material to be dispensed disposed in the dis
penser apparatus of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a transverse sectional view as taken on the
However, if desired
60
Centrally of the cup-like base 1 and projecting up
wardly from the bottom 3 is a boss 15 having a reduced
upstanding neck 16. Suitably mounted upon the neck
16 and seated upon the boss 15 is a vertically extended
hollow discharge tube 17, which projects upwardly into
65 close proximity to the upper wall 2' of the container 2.
Extending along one side of the neck 16 is an arcuate
discharge passage 13 communicating at its upper end
line 2.—2 of FIG. 1;
with the hollow tube 17 and at its lower end with a dis
FIG. 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view as taken
charge opening 19 extending vertically through the boss
on the line 3—3\ of FIG. 1, showing the follower in a 70 15. It will thus be noted that the discharge tube 17, the
position assumed when the contents of the container has
neck 16 and the boss 15 constitute jointly means pro
been partially dispensed and showing the valved piston
viding a discharge passage for conducting fluid to be
3,034,687
3
dispensed vertically downwardly from the upper end of
the tube 17 to the bottom of the cup-like base 1.
Projecting radially from the boss 15 as seen in FIGS.
3 and 4, is a discharge passage 20 communicating with
the passage 19 in the boss 15 and extending through an
enlarged radial section 20' of the bottom 3 of the cup
like base 1 to substantially the outer extremity of the
base 1.
A combined slide valve support and closure plate 21 is
4
pin 42, while a combined slide valve stop and connector
member 43 connects the other end of the chain 41 to the
slide valve channel member 25.
The combined stop and connector means means 43, as
best seen in FIG. 8, comprises a generally U-shaped wire
element having an arched or indented central section
44 engaged by the chain 41, the opposed arms 45 of
the member 43 extending upwardly through the base of
the channel member 45 and through the overlying por
secured to the bottom of the base 1, as by a suitable 10 tions thereof which lie above the plate 21 previously de
number of fasteners 22 (see FIGS. 5 and 8) this plate
scribed. Accordingly, these arms 45 of the member 43
forming the bottom wall of the discharge passage 20 and
are engageable with the extremity of the plate 21 when
having a discharge port or opening 23 therethrough com
the slide valve 24 is in the position shown in FIG. 3,
municating with the discharge passage 20. Slide valve
so as to limit such movement. In order to accommodate
means 24 is shiftably carried by the plate 21.
15 the chain 41, the end of the plate 21 is notched as at 21'
In the illustrative embodiment the slide valve means 24
so that the chain may extend therethrough for connection
includes a channel section member 25 embracing the
of the member 43.
plate 21 so as to be slidable thereon and projecting ra
In order that uniform quantities of product being dis
dially from the base 1 to provide an operating knob 26.
pensed will be ejected from the discharge port 23 upon
Adjacent the knob 26 the slide valve is provided with an 20 each actuation of the dispenser or slide valve 24, the
elongated opening 27 therethrough, and product being
knob 26 provides means for limiting movement of the
dispensed through discharge passage 20 and discharge port
slide valve and consequently the discharge valved piston
or opening 23 is adapted to pass through the opening 27
35 in a ‘direction for discharging such product.
when the slide valve 24 is shifted from the position shown
In this connection it will be noted that means are pro
in FIG. 3 to the position shown in FIG. 4, where the 25 vided for maintaining under pressure a supply of product
opening 27 through the slide valve 24 is in registry with
to be dispensed within the tube 17. Preferably such
the discharge port 23. Moreover, it will be noted that
means comprises a spring biased follower or pressure pis
upon movement of the slide valve 24 from the position
ton 46 which is composed of a disc of rubber or other
shown in FIG. 4, this being a dispensing position, to the
suitable material slidably disposed on the central dis
position shown in FIG. 3, this being a closed position, the 30 charge tube 17 and biased upwardly by a conical coil
edge 27’ of the member 25 will effectively slice through
spring 47 seating at its upper end in a cup 48 which is
viscous material being dispensed and cleanly cut off the
inverted so as to reinforce the piston rubber 46 and pro
discharge port 23.
Means are provided for normally biasing the dispenser
vide a seat for the spring 47. In addition, a washer 49,
providing central reinforcement for the rubber 46, may
or slide valve 24 to the position shown in FIG. 3, and 35 also be provided on the upper surface of the rubber 46.
in accordance with one of the salient features of the
The spring 47 seats at its lower extremity on a seat 50
invention, this means is combined with means for op
on the boss 15 and maintains continuous pressure in an
erating a valved discharge piston which is effective to
upward direction tending to force product from the con
positively displace a volume of product being dispensed
tainer 2 through the upper end of the discharge tube
40 17, as indicated by the arrow.
from the central tube 17.
In the illustrative embodiment the upstanding neck 16
It Will be observed that with the dispenser or slide
referred to above is centrally bored as at 30 and slidably
valve 24 positioned as shown in FIG. 3, the valved piston
disposed in the bore 30 is a stem 31 having at its upper
means 33 is open so that the follower 46 is effective to
end a valve head 32 of a valved discharge piston assembly
force product downwardly through the gap between the
generally denoted at 33. The valve head 32 has a tapered 45 seat 34 on the valved piston 35 and the valve head 32
seating surface 32' engageable with a complemental seat
into the discharge passage 18 through the neck 16 of
ing surface 34 on an annular piston sleeve 35 which is
boss 15 and thence through discharge passages 19 and
slidably engaged at its outer periphery in the tube 17,
20 to outlet port 23. Thus the tendency of the follower
there being a central discharge passage 36 through the
is to maintain a full supply of product in the discharge
piston 35 through which the stem 31 extends.
passageway at all times.
Means is provided for limiting relative movement of
As the dispenser or slide valve 24 is shifted towards
the annular piston 35 on the stem 31 away from the
the position shown in FIG. 4, the chain 41 will pull the
valve head 32 and in the illustrative embodiment this
stem 31 downwardly so that the valve head 32 will seat
means is constituted by a cross pin stop 37 which also
in the annular piston 35, as the spring 38 is compressed.
functions as a seat with which is engaged the upper end
Downward movement of the annular piston 35 during
of a coiled compression spring 38 disposed about the pin
this initial movement of the stem 31 will be resisted by
31 and engaged at its lower end with the upper extremity
the product in the tube 17 below the piston 35, and
of the boss 16, so as to normally bias the stem 31 up
friction with the tubing 17. Upon engagement of the
wardly. Such upward movement of the stem 31 will
valve head 32 with the piston 35, it will be noted that
effect upward movement of the valve head 32 and the 60 the valved piston means 33 is closed and further down
piston annulus 35 which will be engaged by the cross
ward movement of the stem 31 will cause the ejection
pin 37.
Moreover, such upward movement of the stem 31
under the in?uence of the spring 38 will shift the dis
by the valved piston means 33, through the discharge
passages and ultimately through the port 23 and the open
ing 27 in the slide valve member 25, of a quantity of
penser or slide valve 24 to the position shown in FIG. 3, 65 the product being dispensed equal to the displacement
by reason of the provision of means connecting the pin
of the valved discharge piston means 33, limited only by
31 to the inner extremity of the slide valve channel
engagement of the knob 26 with the base 1, or by other
member 25.
appropriate stop means if desired, whereby a uniform
In the illustrative embodiment the bore 30 in the up
quantity of product will be dispensed each time the dis
standing neck 16 is ?ared rearwardly as at 40 to pro 70 penser or slide valve 24 is shifted in a dispensing direction.
vide an arcuate surface on Which rides a ?exible chain
When manual pressure on the knob 26 is released, the
or other suitable ?exible connector means, as indicated
compression spring 38 will urge the stem 31 upwardly
at 41, which interconnects the lower extremity of the
unseating the head 32 from the valve seat 34 of the valved
stem 31 with the slide valve channel member 25. The
piston means 33 and effecting engagement of the cross
chain 41 is preferably secured to the stem 31 as by a 75 pin 37 with the lower surface of the annular piston 35,
3,034,687‘
.
O
whereupon the valved piston means 33 will shift from
the position illustrated in FIG. 4 to the position shown
in FIG. 3, causing a volume of product to pass through
the valve piston means equal to the volume of product
which has previously been dispensed. Such dispensing
portion disposed in said receptacle and a second portion
leading from said receptacle; means in said receptacle
movable along said ?rst portion for forcing the product
from said receptacle into said ?rst portion; a discharge
piston movable in said ?rst portion for forcing said
product from said passage upon movement of said piston
in one direction; means for enabling said product to by
operations may be repeated until such time as the follow
er 46 has exhausted substantially the entire volume of
product from the container 2 and forced the same down
pass said piston upon movement of the latter in the op
wardly through the discharge tube 17.
posite direction; shiftable normally closed valve means;
In order to, at this time, replace the container 2 which 10 and means extending into said ?rst portion for shifting
said piston in opposite directions upon shifting of said
has been emptied, with a container ?lled with product
valve means to open and closed positions, respectively.
to be dispensed, the releasable latch means 7 may be dis
5. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a receptacle for
engaged from the bead 14 of the receptacle and the re
containing a product to be dispensed; means on which
a new container of product to be dispensed may be 15 said receptacle is mounted including means de?ning a
ceptacle may be stripped from the follower 46, whereupon
discharge passage having a ?rst portion in said receptacle
installed. As previously mentioned, inasmuch as the
and a second portion leading from said receptacle; means
subject apparatus is illustrated in connection with the
carried by said ?rst named means and operable in said
dispensing of semi-solid pasty types of product such as
receptacle for forcing the product therefrom into said
waterless soap of a highly viscous nature, such product
will not flow from the container. Therefore, the con 20 ?rst portion; a discharge piston movable in said ?rst por
tion for forcing said product from said passage upon
tainer may be inverted and then pushed downwardly
movement of said piston in one direction; means enabling
over the follower 46 until the follower 46 contacts the
said product to by-pass said piston upon movement of the
body of product in the container, following which the
latter in the opposite direction; shiftable normally closed
container and follower may be forced downwardly until
the bead 14- at the base of the container has been se 25 valve means; and means for shifting said piston in op
posite directions upon shifting of said valve means to
curely latched in engagement with the seat 8 of the
open and closed positions, respectively.
cup~like body 1 by the latch means 7.
6. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a receptacle for a
While the present invention has been speci?cally
product to be dispensed; means on said receptacle includ
shown and described in relation to the dispensing of
waterless soap type material or other highly viscous or 30 ing means de?ning a discharge passage having a ?rst por
tion in said receptacle and a second portion leading there
semi-solid products, it will be recognized by those skilled
from; means movable on said ?rst portion for forcing
in the art that various features of the invention have ap
said product from said receptacle into said ?rst portion;
plication in the dispensing of other less viscous ?uids upon
a discharge piston movable in said ?rst portion for forc
obvious variations in the structural con?guration of the
present invention as herein illustrated, or in the mode of 35 ing said product ‘from said passage upon movement of
said piston in one direction; means for enabling said
use thereof. Wherefore such modi?cations or alterations
product to by-pass said piston upon movement of the
may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of
latter in ‘the opposite direction; shiftable normally closed
the invention as de?ned in the appended claims.
valve means; means for shifting said piston in opposite
I claim:
directions upon shifting of said valve means to open and
4.0
1. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a receptacle;
closed positions, respectively; and stop means for limiting
means connected to said receptacle including a discharge
shifting of said valve means to control the volumetric dis
tube having a portion extending into said receptacle;
means surrounding and slidable along said portion of
said tube for forcing a product from the receptacle into
said tube; normally closed valve means for controlling
placement of said piston.
tube having a portion extending into said receptacle;
ing said discharge passage; operating means connecting
cluding a discharge piston slidable in said portion of said
portion projecting into a position ‘for engagement with
7. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a ‘base; said base
having a discharge passage; a tube connected at one end
the discharge of product from said tube; and means oper 45 with said passage and having its other end disposed to be
positioned in the upper portion of ‘a container for a prod
able in said portion of said tube responsive to movement
uct to be dispensed; means operatively connected with
of said valve means to open position for forcibly dis~
said tube and movable in said container for forcing said
charging a quantity of product from said tube through
product into said other end of said tube; a normally
said valve means.
2. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a receptacle; 50 closed valve; means slidably mounting said valve on said
base so as to open and close said ‘discharge passage; dis
means connected to said receptacle including a discharge
charge means in said tube for forcing a quantity of the
tube having the major portion thereof extending into said
product therefrom into said discharge passage when said
receptacle; means slidable along the exterior of said por
valve is open; and means operatively interconnecting said
tion of said tube for forcing a product from the receptacle
into said tube; shiftable normally closed valve means for 55 discharge means and said valve to operate said discharge
means upon shifting of said valve to open position.
controlling the discharge of product from said tube; and
8. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a normally closed
means including a discharge piston slidable in said portion
valve; said valve including a plate having a discharge
of said tube responsive to shifting of said valve means to
opening therethrough; discharge means operatively con
open position for forcibly discharging a quantity of prod
60 nected with said plate for forcing a quantity of a product
uct from said tube through said valve means.
to be dispensed through said opening; a slide shiftably
3. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a receptacle;
carried by said plate and operable for opening and clos
means connected to said receptacle including a discharge
said slide to said discharge means for operation in unison
means slid-able along the exterior of said portion of said
tube for forcing a product from the receptacle into said 65 when said slide is moved to open said discharge opening;
said operating means including a connector member car
tube; shiftable normally closed valve means for controlling
ried by said slide; and said connector member having a
the discharge of product from said tube; and means in
tube responsive to shifting of said valve means to open
said plate to limit movement of said slide in one direc
position ‘for forcibly discharging a quantity of product 70 tion.
from said tube through said valve means; said piston
having valve means therein.
4. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a receptacle for
containing a product to be dispensed; means on said
9. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a base for support
ing a receptacle for a product to be dispensed; a tubular
member on said base adapted to be disposed Within said
receptacle; said base having a discharge passage in com
receptacle providing a discharge passage having a ?rst 76 munication with said tubular member; means operatively
3,034,687
7
8
associated with said tubular member movable when said
tubular member is disposed in said receptacle for forcing
a quantity of the product into said tubular member; dis
discharge passage; means surrounding and movable along
charge means in said tubular member for forcing a quan
tity of said product through said passage; normally closed
valve means on said base for controlling the dispensing of
said product from said discharge passage; said discharge
means including a piston in said tubular member; said
piston having an opening for passing said product past the
said tube for forcing said product into said one open
end of said tube; normally closed valve means on said
base movable for opening and closing said outlet; piston
means operable in said tube in outwardly spaced relation
to said neck; and connector means extending through
said neck and connected with said valve means for operat
ing said piston means ‘to force a quantity of said product
through said bore of said tube, said passage and said out
piston; a valve stem extending through said piston and 10 let upon movement of said valve means to open said
outlet.
having a head ‘at one side of the piston engageable with
the latter to close said opening; stop means at the other
12. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a base having a
discharge passage therethrough; said base having on one
side of said piston for permitting relative movement of
said stem and said piston for opening and closing said
side thereof a neck; said discharge passage having an out
opening; means in said tubular member normally main 15 let in said base spaced from said neck; means on said base
taining said stop in engagement with said piston with said
for supporting thereon a receptacle for the product to be
dispensed with said neck extended into said receptacle; a
head spaced from said piston; and means for shifting said
tube having one end portion mounted on said neck so as
stem to effect engagement of said head with said piston
to stand within the receptacle; said tube having its other
and for thereafter shifting said piston in response to move
ment of said normally closed valve means to open position. 20 end open for receiving the product; a portion of the bore
10. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a base having a
of the tube being open alongside said neck to communi
cate said bore with said discharge passage; means sur
discharge passage provided with an inlet and an outlet;
rounding and movable along said tube for forcing said
means on said base for supporting thereon a receptacle
from which a product is to be dispensed; a tube carried
product into said one open end of said tube; valve means
by and extending from said base so as to stand within the 25 on said base movable for opening and closing said outlet;
an annular piston operable in the bore of said tube and
receptacle supported on the base; one end of said tube
being open to receive the product; the other end of said
having a valve seat thereon; a valve member movable into
and from engagement with said seat; a Stern on said valve
tube being in communication with the inlet of said dis
member extending through said piston; said neck having a
charge passage; means surrounding and slidable along
said tube for forcing the product from said receptacle into 30 bore ther'ethrough in which said stem is slidable; means
including a spring on said stem normally holding said
said one open end of said tube; normally closed valve
means shiftably mounted on said base for movement to
valve member away from said seat; and connector means
extended through said base into said bore of said neck
open and close said outlet; piston means within said tube;
and a connector element extending through said base
and connecting said valve means with said stem; said
into said tube and connecting said piston means with said 35 connector means operating to seat said valve member and
move said piston for discharging a quantity of said product
valve means for moving said piston means for forcibly
discharging a quantity of said product from said tube
from said tube through said discharge passage and said
through said passage and said outlet in response to move
ment of said valve means to open said outlet.
11. Dispenser apparatus comprising: a base having a
discharge passage therethrough; said base having a neck;
said discharge passage having an outlet in said base spaced
from said neck; means on said base for supporting thereon
a receptacle for the product to be dispensed with said
neck extended into said receptacle; a tube having one end 45
portion mounted on said neck so as to stand Within the
receptacle; said tube having one end open for receiving
the product; a portion of the bore of the tube being open
alongside said neck to communicate said bore with said
outlet in response to movement of said valve means to
open said outlet.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,648,593
1,920,867
2,317,872
2,373,171
21,810,496
2,829,804
Schatz '__, _____________ __ Nov. 8,
Kirk _________________ __ Aug. 1,
Zimt ________________ __ Apr. 27,
Daly ___‘__,___________ __ Apr. 10,
Gray ________________ __ Oct. 22,
Muench et al ___________ __ Apr. 8,
1927
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