Патент USA US3034975код для вставки
"ice 1 13,34,955 Patented May 15, 1962 2 fat soap. It has been found that the following ratio of 3,034,965 COMPOSITION AND METHOD FOR the ingredients is preferable: Part by weight TREATING NAILS Rose P. Drake and Leota F. Whitiey, both of P.O. Box' 3653, Tulsa, Okla. Quaternary ammonium halide _______________ __ N0 Drawing. Filed June, 12, 1958, Ser. No. 741,466 3 Claims. (Cl. 167-85) 3.0 Polyoxyethylene ether __________ .._ _____ __,_____ 1.5 Amine fat soap (such as oiled soap in cosmetics) .. 0.5 Water ____________________________________ __ 95.0 The composition is a somewhat oily liquid, and has yield This invention relates to improvements in beauty aids, ed many surprising results not obvious prior to the com and more particularly, but not by way of limitation, to a 10 bining of the ingredients. It is known that quaternary ammonium halides are bene?cial in the treatment of hair, but the combination of the ammonium halides with the Many of the chemicals used in ?ngernail base composi amine fat soap and polyoxyethylene ether produces a com liquid composition for strengthening and enhancing the beauty of ?ngernails. tions, nail polish removers, and the like, in the modern position having additional and unexpected qualities highly day treatment of ?ngernails cause the ?ngernails to be come dry and brittle. The dry ?ngernails have a tend ency to split and break off easily, thereby detracting from the appearance thereof. In addition, it is difficult to mani cure the split and broken nails with any degree of pleasing desirable in the treatment of ?ngernails. Referring to the nail base composition more speci?cally, the ingredients found to provide the most favorable mix ture and yield the best results are as follows: results, and the manicuring process frequently becomes 20 quite painful. Parts by weight Stearyltrimethylammonium chloride ___________ __ The present invention contemplates a novel nail base composition adapted to be applied directly to the ?nger ‘ 3.0 Nonylphenol +10 moles ethyleneoxide _________ __ 1.5 Trihydroxyethylamine stearate _______________ __ 0.5 Water ____________________________________ __ 95.0 nails. The nail base of the invention is bene?cial to the physical structure of the ?ngernail in that it counteracts 25 Equivalent mixtures wherein the nonylphenol poly the ill effects of the chemicals present in the polish re oxyethylene ether was omitted did not appear to provide movers,‘ and the like. The nail base substantially elimi the desired results. However, the above combination of nates brittleness and dryness of the ?ngernail from any chemicals produced a highly desirable result for use with cause whatsoever, thereby greatly lessening the breaking ?ngernails. The mixture greatly improves the physical and splitting thereof. In addition, the novel composition 30 health of the ?ngernails'and substantially eliminates the has certain inherent anesthetic qualities that reduce the splitting thereof. pain of the split nails during the time period of the condi In addition, the mixture tends to retain ?ngernail polish tioning thereof by the use of the nail base. Furthermore, the novel nail base may be applied to the nails immedi on the nails for a prolonged life therefor. It is thought that the combination of polyoxyethylene ether and amine ately prior to the application of a suitable ?ngernail polish, 35 soap provides the dramatic effect of retaining the ?nger nail polish on the nails. It will be apparent that the under coating of the ?ngernails with the nail base composition has been found that the‘ ?ngernail polish applied directly prior to the application of ?ngernail polish will be bene» over the improved nail base composition tends to adhere ?cial to the nails. The coating of the base composition to the nails for a longer period of time. Thus, not only is 40 protects the ?ngernails from any harmful effects or dry the health and condition of the ?ngernails improved, but ing of the nails due to any of the chemicals present in the the beauty thereof is also greatly enhanced. polish. if is an important object of this invention to provide a ' ‘From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the present novel chemical composition for utilization on ?ngernails. invention provides a novel combination of ingredients it is another object of this invention to provide a novel 45 which yield surprising and unexpected results for the treat if desired. The nail base serves to protect the nails from harmful effects of the nail polish, and at the same time it ?ngernail base composition for conditioning the ?nger ment of ?ngernails. The base composition overcomes dry— 1 nails in a manner to improve the physical condition thereof. Another object of this invention is to provide an im proved ?ngernail base composition for precluding the dry ness thereof. Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel ?ngernail base composition for conditioning the ?ngernails ness and brittleness of ?ngernails to substantially preclude any splitting thereof._ The general physical condition of 50 the ?ngernails is greatly improved upon use of the base composition. In addition, the slightly anesthetic qualities of the composition ease any pain which may result from the previous splitting of the nails. Furthermore, ?ngernail polish applied directly over a coating of the base com position tends to adhere to the nails for a longer period of 55 time, thereby enhancing the results of a manicure treat thereof. ' A further object of this invention is to provide a novel ment. The novel base composition is simple and effi nail base composition for increasing the adherent qualities cient in utilization and is economical in manufacture. of the nail polish applied to the nails over the base com~ Changes may be made in the combination and arrange position. ment of elements as heretofore set forth in the speci?ca A still further object of this invention is to provide an 60 tion, it being understood that any modification in the pre improved nail base composition for ?ngernails wherein cise embodiment of the invention may be made within the an ‘anesthetic quality is provided for reducing the painful scope of the following claims without departing from the condition of the previously split and broken nails. spirit of the invention. It is still another object of this invention to provide We claim: I a ?ngernail base composition which is simple and ef?cient 65 l. A nail base composition comprising stearyltrimethyl in utilization and economical in manufacture. ammonium chloride 3.0 parts by weight, nonylphenol plus Other objects and advantages of the invention will be 10 moles ethyleneoxide 1.5 parts by weight, trihydroxy in a manner to greatly reduce any splitting or breaking evident from the following detailed description. ethylamine stearate, 0.5 part by weight, and Water 95.0 The composition of the novel nail base generally com parts by weight. prises an aqueous preparation containing a quaternary am 70 2. The method of treating ?ngernails which comprises monium halide, a polyoxyethylene ether, and an amine applying thereto an aqueous solution comprising stearyl 3,084,965 3 4 trimethylammonium chloride, nonylphenol plus 10 moles. 2,213,477 Steindor? _____________ __ Sept. 3, 1940 ethyleneoxide, and trihydroxyethylamine stearate. 2,577,773 Lambert _____________ __ Dec. 11, 1951 2,677,700 Jackson ______________ __ May 4, 1954 3. The method of treating ?ngernails which comprises applying thereto a nail base comprising stearyltrimethyl- ammonium chloride 3.0 parts by Weight, nonylphenol plus 10 moles ethyleneoxide 1.5 pans by weight, trihydroxy ethylamine stearate 0.5 part by weight, and Water 95.0 parts by weight. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS r 2,189,664 Katzman ____________ __ Feb, 6, 1940 OTHER REFERENCES Sagarin: ‘Cosmetics, Sci. and Tech., Interscience Pub., N.Y., 1957, pp. 101-103, 124-127, 164-167, 551 and 552. Botwright: J. Soc. Cos. Chemists, August 1, 1952, pp. 118423 10 Ni; ’1 cl' and Tech" Intersclence Pub" Harry: Modern Cosmeticology, Leonard Hill Ltd., Lon don, v01. 1, 4th Ed, 1955, pp-619—620.