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Патент USA US3035341

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May 22, 1962
Filed June 9, 1959
United States Patent
Patented May 22, 1962
paper which form tabs 7 between the edge portions of the
layers 8 of the carded materiaL.
Thomas D. Cole, % Lockport Mills Inc., Lockport, N.Y.
The layers, when placed one upon another on a con
veyor or suitable platform are advanced to a cutting de
Filed June 9, 1959, Ser. No. 819,046
2 Claims. (Cl. 28—-78)
vice, by means of which narrow strips 9 of the material
are cut from these layers crosswise of the general direc
This invention relates to ?brous material of the kind
tion in which the ?bers extend, for example along line
which is primarily intended to be used for decorative pur
10, FIG. 1, to form- strips of the desired widths.
The cutting of the material into strips 9 in this man
Some types of decorative material for use in connection 10 ner results in having the ?bers in the strips arranged in
with the decoration of Ohristmas trees and other articles
a general direction crosswise of the strips, as indicated in
has been made of glass ?bers to imitate hair which is de
FIG. 3. This arrangement of the ?bers makes it possible
sirable because it can be arranged in strips or formed into
to stretch a strip by pulling it in the direction of its
many decorative shapes but has the disadvantage that the
length. This is illustrated in FIG. 4, in which the orig-v
glass ?bers have very sharp ends which are apt to pene 15 inal portion of a strip as shown in FIG. 3 is represented
trate the skin or other membranes of the body and cause
by the broken lines 11, and after pulling on the ends of
irritation and damage. Fibrous batting of cotton or syn
this length of material the strip may be extended as shown
thetic ?bers as previously manufactured could not be
in FIG. 4.
stretched or ‘elongated without breaking down into small
I have found that when a strip as shown in FIG. 2
with the ?bers running generally crosswise of the strip,
is subjected to endwise pull, the fibers assume angular
?uffs or balls.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a
package of ?brous batting strips which can be stretched,
positions with reference to the edges of the strips so that
elongated or ?exed into various shapes or con?gurations
they extend diagonally of the strip. By means of the
as may be desired, the batting being made of a ?brous
interlocking of the ?bers during the longitudinal pull of
material which is in no way injurious to human beings 25 the strip, the ?bers reinforce the material of the strip in
or animals.
such a manner as to greatly reduce the tendency of the
A further object is to provide material of this type
strip to tear crosswise of its length. FIG. 4 shows the
which has been carded so that most of the ?bers will be
?bers arranged in approximately diagonal relation to the
arranged in a direction generally lengthwise of the web
strip. The extent to which the ?bers will be inclined in
and which has been cut crosswise into strips in which said 30 the direction of the length of the strip depends upon the
?bers extend generally crosswise of the strips to make it
extent to which the strips are elongated.
possible to stretch the strips in various directions without
Because of the number of strips produced in this man
tearing them.
ner to permit elongation without tearing crosswise, thin
strips may be used for producing many decorative e?ects
It is also an object to provide an improved method of
producing strip material of this type.
35 which cannot be used by ordinary batting or untreated
strips of ?bers. This permits the strips, ?or example, to
It is also an object to provide this material in the ‘form
of layers provided with paper or other material between
the ends of the layers which does not become intermeshed
with the ?bers of the layers and consequently facilitates
separating the strips ?rom each other.
In the accompanying drawings:
be wound around various types of articles or to be ar
ranged to extend in various directions so that the strips
resemble ?exible ribbons, diifering however from ribbons
to a greater extent near one edge than near the other so
that they can be made to assume curved or curled posi
tions and can be twisted into ropes or other types of
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary, top plan view of a series of
superimposed layers of material which has been carded
holiday decorations.
to arrange most of the fibers of the material in a gener
ally lengthwise direction.
FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view of the package in which
a number of layers after carding have been superimposed
one upon another.
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of a portion of a strip of
this material.
made of woven material, in that the strips may be stretched
By inserting the paper sheets 7 between the edge por
tions of the superimposed layers, portions of these paper
sheets will be present in the strips after they have been
cut from the material along line 10. I have found that
if these layers are separated by paper at the ends of the
strips, the several layers of material can be readily sepa
rated from each other by peeling one layer from the other
after the ends of the layers are separated. The provision
FIG. 4 is a view of the strip of this material after it
has been stretched in a lengthwise direction.
of sheets of paper between adjacent layers consequently
In the manufacture of my improved strip material, the
greatly facilitates the use of the strips for decorative pur
?brous material is ?rst removed from bales of the same
and arranged in thin layers by any usual method or appa 55 poses.
The ?bers from which the strips are made are of a
ratus ordinarily employed for this purpose. This relative
ly thin layer of material is then passed through a carding
non-allergic, non-irritating and ?ame-resistant material so
machine which acts on the layer of material in such a
manner as to arrange many of the ?bers of the layer in
that this material is safe to use for decoration under any
existing conditions, which is not the case when material
a generally lengthwise direction with reference to the 00 of this kind is made of glass ?bers.
The description of the ?bers as being non-allergic and
direction of travel of the layer of ?brous material through
non-irritating is used to describe how these ?bers would
the carding machine. Since a single layer of this material
effect most people. That is, for example, glass fibers are
is quite thin, it is preferred for packaging purposes to
irritating to most people because of their very sharp ends
superimpose a number of these layers one upon another,
and consequently would not be used. The only essential
as shown in FIG. 2, the layers being transferred from the
requirement of the material insofar as the material of
carding machine upon a conveyor or other support. When
the strips is concerned is that they be made of loose
these layers are thus superimposed, the ?bers/of the sev
?ber material which can be carded.
eral layers tend to intermesh with the ?bers of adjacent
It will be understood that various changes in the details,
layers so that it is sometimes dif?cult to» again separate 70 materials and arrangements of parts, which have been
the layers from each other. However, in order to facili
herein described and illustrated in order to explain the
tate the separation or" the layers I place narrow sheets of
nature of the invention, may be made by those skilled in
the art, within the principle and'scope of the invention, as
expressed in the appended claims.
unstretched condition, each of said superposed strips hav
ing ?bers intermeshing‘with ?bers of the next adjacent
stn'p, thin sheets of paper forming separating tabs dis
posed along an edge of said strips and extending between
adjacent strips for facilitating separation of one strip
I claim:
1. A package of stretchable, decorative, ?brous strips,
comprising a plurality of evenly stacked, superposed, long,
thin, rectangular strips of carde'd?ber's, the length of the
from the next adjacent strip, and said ?bers of said strips
assuming a diagonal relationship with the longitudinal
axis of each of said strips when said strip is stretched,
whereby the package may be transformed from compact
unstretched condition, separating means extending be
tween adjacent strips for facilitating separation of one 10 unit into a plurality of elongated decorative strips.
strip from the next adjacent strip, and said ?bers of said
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
strips assuming a diagonal relationship with the longi
tudinal axis of each of said strips when said strip is
stretched, whereby the package may be transformed from
Stewart _____________ __ Dec. 13, 1949
majority of said ?bers in each strip disposed transverse to
the strip length when said strips are in the non-deformed,
a compact unit into ‘a plurality of elongated decorative
2. A package of stretchable, decorative, ?brous strips,
comprising a plurality of evenly stacked, superposed, long,
thin, rectangular strips of carded ?bers, the length of the
majority of said ?bers in each strip disposed transverse to
the strip length when said strips are in the non-deformed,
Ramsdell ____________ __ July 4,
Secrist ______________ __ Nov. 7,
Hogan ______________ __ Mar. 11,
Kuenn et a1 ___________ __ June 22,
Secrist ______________ __. Dec. 18,
Secrist ______________ __ Dec. 18,
Dildilian et al. _______ __ June 4,
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