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Патент USA US3035761

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May 22, 1962
Filed June 13, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
?gngwm F1622.
26b 20b
May 22, 1962
United States Pater-516C)
Patented May' 22, 1962
carton is closed at its top and bottom by means of end
Robert E. Brown, Fort Meade, Fla., assignor to Gooch
land Nurseries, Inc., Pembroke, Fla, a corporation of
Filed June 13, 1960, Ser. No. 35,685
1 Claim. (Cl. 229—39)
forming parts which include v?rst inner folding ?aps
l8t and 18b, 20t and 20b; median ?aps 22t and 22b,
with folding inserts 24: and 24b; and outer ?aps 26t and
26!), with locking inserts 282.‘ and 28b. Along the fold lines
291 and ‘29b between median ?aps 22t and 22b and the side
12c integral therewith is provided locking slot openings
30: and 30b.
As can be seen most clearly from FIG
URES 3 and 4, when the carton is closed, median ?aps
This invention relates to the packaging art, and is
speci?cally directed to an improved package for contain 10 22t and 22b are folded in against inner ?aps 18t, 18b,
201? and 20b, with folding inserts 241 and 24b lined against
ing, shipping, and mailing live plants, miniature trees, and
the respective ends of window sidewall 14; and outer
like living botanical specimens.
?aps 26: and 26b are folded over median ?aps 22t and
Various packages and containers for shipping plants
22b with locking inserts 28t and 28b against sidewall 12c.
over extended distances have been developed by various
workers in the art. Other containers have been devel 15 Thus each end of the carton is closed with at least a
3-ply layer of closing ?aps, a?ording strong and well
oped for plants, either potted or not, which are satis
factory as temporary shielding containers for use on
secured end construction.
As will be especially seen from FIGURES 2 and 4
display tables in a store, or for such similar purposes,
sidewall 12c is also provided with an edge tab 32. The
but not for shipping. ’ An example of a box package for
a plant is that shown in US. Patent 1,991,478, issued 20 outer surface of edge tab 32 may be provided with a
suitable adhesive material, so that when the carton is
February 19, 1935. Another earlier example is that
assembled it will adhere to the inner surface of sidewall
shown in US. Patent 1,606,523, issued November 9,
12a along its entire longitudinal length, thereby forming
1926; and still another carton for plants, ?owers and the
the box. 'This invention is not, however, limited to any
like is shown in US. Patent 1,669,617 issued May 15,
1928, although this last patent does not describe a carton, 25 particular means for fastening edge tab 32 to sidewall
12a; in place of adhesive a mechanical securing element
but only a three-sided structure. A ‘more recent effort
may be used, such as ordinary staples or brads. ,
in this direction is shown in US. Patent 2,830,405. In
When the carton is thus assembled, and edge tab 32
this last-mentioned patent, a carton is not really pro
secured to sidewall 12a, bottom ?ap members 18b, 20b,
vided—the structure is in the form of a wrap-around
30 22b, 24b, 26b and 28b may then be closed. At this
It is an object of this invention to provide a new and ‘
novel plant package and carton therefor which is suitable
for shipment of individual plants, while protecting the
point, except for window 16, the external appearance of
the carton Will be similar to any elongated rectangular
box. The carton is also in condition for inserting the
potted plant to be contained therein. The plant 33, in
same, and which is at the same time suitable for direct
display and sale to the consumer. Included within the, . its pot 34 may be simply dropped or slid into the carton
through the open top, and the pot 34 will, of course,
come to rest'against the closed bottom ?aps 18b, as
shown in FIGURE 4.
It will be recognized that with the pot 34 and plant 33
for the plant, and maintains the same in a relatively secure 40
inserted in the carton, if the carton is turned upside down
and stable position within the carton so that damage dur
at this stage, the plant and its pot Will fall against the top
ing rough handling is, at least, minimized.
of the carton. The contents of the carton will thereby
Other objects of this invention will become apparent
objects of this invention is the provision of such a plant
packaging carton which achieves the above purposes,
and which at the same time affords improved protection
from the following description thereof, which description
be damaged, perhaps irrevocably.
In order to prevent this from happening, the blank from
will relate to the attached drawings which further illus 45
which the carton of this invention is made is cut and
trate the invention in certain speci?c embodiments thereof.
scored to provide corner detents, arranged to be recessed
In the drawings:
with slight pressure so as to be de?ned by short sidewalls
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a plant packaging
forming a right angle inverse to the right angle formed at
carton constructed in accordance with the principles of
this invention;
50 the edges of the carton by the side walls thereof.
This construction in the blank can be seen from FIG
FIGURE 2 is a plan view of the blank stamped card
URE 2 wherein a series of detent formers 40 are outlined
board sheet which is used to fold into the carton of
by cut lines 44 and 46, and by score lines 48 and 50.
It will be noted that score lines 48 and 50 are disposed
FIGURE 3 is a top view of the completed carton, in
closed position;
55 on adjacent sidewalls of the carton for each detent former
part 40. Also it will be seen that detent former 40’ is
comprised of a portion of edge tab 32, as well as the
otherwise corresponding elements scored and cut from
sidewalls 12a and 12c. When the carton is assembled,
FIGURE 5 is a cross-section of the carton shown in 60 and edge tab 32 is secured to the inside of sidewalL'12a,
each of these detent formers may be snapped inwardly
FIGURE 4 taken along the lines 5-5; and
so that the cross-section of the cart-on at the level thereof,
FIGURE 6 is a perspective view, partly broken away
i.e along line 6—6 will have the form of a cross, see
and partly in cross-section of the carton shown in FIG
FIGURE 6. Each recessed detent 40 is then composed
URES 1-5, the section being taken along the lines 6-6
in FIGURE 4.
65 of two sidewalls 52 and 54, of small dimension in com
parison with the sidewalls of the carton itself, which detent
Referring to FIGURE 1, it will be seen that a carton,
sidewalls form a right angle and inverse to and opposed
generally designated as 10, is provided having sidewalls
to the right angle B formed by the sidewalls of the carton.
12a, 12b and 126, and a sidewall 14 containing an open
This is best seen in the perspective cutaway view of
ing or window portion 16, which may be generally oval
in shape. Window portion 16 need not have that speci?c 70 FIGURE 6.
The detents 40, extending inwardly into the carton,
form, but may vary in edge contour, as desired. Of
will directly engage the upper edge 36 of the pot 34
course, the Window should not be so large as to eifect
FIGURE 4 is a cross-section of the carton of FIG
URE 1, taken longitudinally through the middle thereof
along the lines 4-—'4, see FIGURE 3, with the top ?aps
the structural stability and rigidity of the carton. The
containing the plant 33, and securely hold the same in
position atlthe lower or bottom end of the carton. Even
if the box is now turned upside down, the‘pot will be
of the potted plant and the closure ?ap means associated
with one end of said chamber forming an end wall normal
to said side walls when in the closed position; means asso
ciated with said closure ?ap, means at each’ end of said
chamber for interlocking said closure ?ap means and re
taining same in a closed position; detent forming means
associated with at least two opposite corners formed by
held in place, and physical damage to the plant by ‘its
sliding downwardly in the top of the carton, is prevented.
Of course, the-dimensions of the pot, whether'circnlar
or-‘squa're, should be such as to ?t snugly within the
interior-of the carton so that the maximum bearing sur
face will be suitably engaged by the in-turned ‘detents.
~Once‘snapped in, the detents will remain in position
because of the dimensions of the opening. That is, in
order for the detents to pass from the “open” (unsnapped)
position to the “closed” (snapped inward) position it is
adjacent side walls of said carton, each said detent forming
means including a pair of detent ‘side Walls, each said
detent side wall having (1) a pair of parallel free "edges
each extending in planesgenerally parallel to said normal
end wall of said chamber, the free edge closest to said
normal end Wall being spaced from said normal endiwall a
necessary for ‘both sidewalls 52 and 54 to pass, substan
tiallyisimultaneously through ;an opening de?ned by the
distance at least equal to but not substantially greater
plane de?ned 'by'score lines 48~and 50' in the assembled 15 than the height of thehpot to be held in said chamber;
vcarton, and only about 70% ‘of the combined length of
(2) an edge substantially normal to said planes and in
walls ‘52 and-54. This can be'done only because the
common ‘with the other side wall of the pair, (3) another
structural members are somewhat resilient and ?ex su?i
edge opposed to andtsubstantially- parallel to said common
ciently to permit the required movement being made of
edge and in common with one of said adjacent carton
cardboard or similar construction material. Once the 20 sidewalls and (4) a fold line at the line of said common
detents are snapped in, they take on a stable inverse de
edge permittingisaid detent side walls of a pair to be
pressed inwardly of said chamber, whereby said detent
formation at score line 49, and the deformation forces
importantly hold'the detent in place. Additionally be
forming members are adapted to remain initially in an
cause of the shape of the pot (its diameter reducing, down
open~ position with said detent side walls substantially con
wardly), forces to snap'thedetent outward cannot reason 25 tinuous with said carton side walls; said open position
ably develop within the carton. This is particularly true
permitting free insertion of the potted plant into said rec
with all of' the end ?aps closed on locked in position, these
tangular chamber and the placing of the potted plant at
serving to maintain the square and rectangular dimensions
the bottom of said carton, and also adapted to be secured
of the entire carton.
’ thereafter in a closed position wherein each. of said detent
While this invention has been illustrated with reference 30 sidewalls is generally perpendicular to its adjacent carton
to speci?c embodiments thereof, it will be understood
side wall and to its adjacent detent side‘ Wall.
thatv it islimited only bythe spirit-and scope‘ of the fol
lowing claim.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
’I claim:
A carton for containinga pottedplant-comprising:
vfour generally rectangular vcarton side walls of substan
tially identical dimension secured'tor one another to de
‘?ne a’rectangular chamber having two opposed ends;
closure ?ap means associated with the ends of said side
wallsfortforming rend-‘walls of said chamber,vsaid cham
-ber being unobstructed between its ends’ prior to insertion
Buchman _____________ __ Mar. 3, 1914
Richardson ____________ __ June 1, 1915
Gardner _____________ __ Nov. 9,-1926
Kuhlman ____________ __ Oct. 19, 1954
R0118 ________________ .._ June 3, 1958
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