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Патент USA US3035884

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May 22, 1962
R. K. H. RUNKNAGEL
3,035,876
LUBRICATING DEVICE
Filed May 31, 1956
4 Sheets—Sheet 2
May 22, 1962
R. K. H. RUNKNAGEL
3,035,876
LUBRICATING DEVICE
'
Filed May 51, 1956
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
F599
160256
223
50
376255
P?
41
10 266268
knliiwk ( Hilly’
mini“! 1
266'
=
United States Patent O?tice
1
2
wicking members against the journal during all move
3,035,876
ment of the journal with respect to the journal box.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide an
LUBRICATING DEVICE
Rolf K. H. Runknagel, Reseda, Calif. (17000 Ventura
Blvd., No. 208, Encino, Calif.), assignor, by mesne as
signments, to Rolf K. H. Runknagel
improved resilient support for the wicking members and
an improved structure for mounting the resilient support’
upon the support frame.
Still another object of the invention is to provide re~
taining members to hold the support frame in position
Filed May 31, 1956, Ser. No. 588,531
2 Claims. (Cl. 308-88)
This application relates to devices for lubricating rail
way car journals.
Railway car journals heretofore have most commonly
been lubricated by placing a quantity of oil soaked cot
ton waste in the journal box beneath the journal. A
quantity of oil is also placed in the bottom of the box
3,035,876
Patented May 22, l9€2
within the box which are shaped to clear the journal,
10
wedge and brass and which permit removal of the Wedge
and brass from the journal box while leaving the lubricat
ing device including the retainer members in operative
position.
Still another object of the invention is to provide means
and the cotton waste serves to move the oil up and onto 15 to ‘hold the lower ends of the wicking members in the
the journal by a wicking action. The loose cotton waste
is usually held in place by a retainer'structure. 'Despite
oil pool within the journal box whereby to assure a steady
supply of oil to the journal as long as any oil is available
the presence of the retainer structure, threads from the
in the journal box. .
cotton waste are carried upwardly around the journal and
Yet another object of the invention is to provide in
under the brass whereby to remove the oil from the bear 20 a lubricating device of the type set forth an improved
ing surface between the journal and the brass. This can
seal about the lower portion of the ?llet at the rear of
result in a hot box.
the journal box.
In order to eliminate the various shortcomings and
Still another object of the invention is to provide in
de?ciencies in the use of loose cotton waste to lubricate
a lubricating device of the type set forth means to insure
journals, the present invention contemplates the use of 25 lubrication of the journal adjacent the collar and the
a lubricating pad including wicking members extending
?llet at all times during operation.
from a pool of oil in the bottom of the journal box up
A further object of the invention is to provide in a
wardly into contact with the journal. These wicking
lubricating device of the type set forth an oil gauge
members and associated structure give good lubrication
readily viewable through the cover opening in the front
without the hazard of loose waste provided the wicking 30 of the journal box so that only the required amount of
members are held in ?rm contact against the journal.
oil is placed in the journal box thereby reducing waste
The wicking members in structures of the type set forth
of oil through the dry seat at the rear of the journal
must be capable of following the movement of the jour
box.
nal with respect to the box which is experienced in go
These and other objects and advantages of the inven
ing around curves or on rough tracks. To this end the 35 tion will be better understood from the following de
wicking members are supported upon a resilient support
scription when taken in conjunction ‘with the accompany!
which is in turn supported by a substantially rigid frame.
ing drawings. In the drawings where like reference nu
The frame must be substantially rigid whereby to main
merals have been used to designate like parts throughout:
tain the wicking members in proper position with respect
FIGURE 1 is a perspective View with certain portions
to the journal box yet the resilient support mounted upon
broken away of a lubricating device made in accordance
the frame must be capable of following the movements
with and embodying the principles of the present inven
of the journal with respect to the journal box whereby
tion;
to hold the wicking members in contact with the journal
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view with certain por
at all times.
tions broken away illustrating the manner of insertion
Because of the construction of standard journals and 45 of the lubricating device of FIGURE 1 in the railway
journal boxes, the insertion of a rigid frame of adequate
car journal box;
size within the journal box around the journal is di?icult.
FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of one of ‘the retainer
This results in large measure because of the limited
springs used in holding a lubricating device in position
clearance between the collar on the journal and the walls
within a journal box;
of the journal box.» Flexible frames can be more easily
inserted into the journal box around the collar, but do
not give adequate support and positioning for the wick
ing members during operation.
Accordingly, it is an important object of the present
FIGURE 3a is a front elevational view of the retainer
spring of FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged view in vertical section
through a railway car journal box and illustrating a lubri
cating device of the present invention installed therein;
invention to provide an improved lubricating device em 55
FIGURE 5 is a view in vertical section through the
ploying wicking members for use in railway car journal
assembly of FIGURE 4 substantially as seen in the direc
boxes.
tion of the arrows along the line 5—5 of FIGURE 4;
Another object of the invention is to provide in a
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary enlarged View in section
lubricating structure of the type set forth a support frame
of a portion of the lubricating device of FIGURE 4
which is ?exible for purposes of insertion in the journal 60 enclosed within the circle and designated FIGURE 6
box around the collar of the journal and can thereafter
‘therein;
be made rigid after placement in the journal box to re
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged fragmentary view in vertical
main rigid during use.
section through the lubricating device in FIGURE 4 sub
Yet another object of the invention is to provide a lu
stantially as seen in the direction of the arrows along the
bricating device of the type set forth which can be more 65 line 7—7 thereof;
easily and readily installed and removed and which fur
ther can be installed and removed without the use of
special tools.
FIGURE 8 is an enlarged fragmentary view partly in
section substantially as seen in the direction of the ar
rows along the line 8—8 of FIGURE 7;
Still another object of the invention is to provide a
FIGURE 9 is a partial view in vertical section through
70
lubricating structure of the type set forth which pro
the lubricating device substantially as seen in the direc
vides improved lubrication of the journal by holding the
tion of the arrows along the line 9—9 of FIGURE 5;
53,035,876
4
3
will be described in greater detail hereinafter. The for
ward end of bar 94 includes a portion 16% extending be
yond bracket 76 and has riveted thereto a plate 102. Plate
FIGURE 10 is a plan view of the bottom of the resili
ent support pad forming a part of the lubricating device
of the present invention;
182 carries on the forward end thereof a pair of ‘gener
FIGURE 11 is a view in vertical section with certain
portions broken away substantially as seen in the direction
of the arrows along the line 11—11 of FIGURE 1; and
FIGURE 12 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a
. ‘portion of the wicking material used in the present inven
'tion.
ally cylindrical hinge members 184 which hold and mount
a handle generally designated by the numeral 1%; Han
dle 106 includes a pair of sides 188 and lit} interconnected
by a first cross bar 112.
The other ends of sides 108
and 110 are provided with inwardly directed portions 114
Referring to the drawings and particularly to FIGURES 10 and 116 which are received in hinge members 184 and
terminate in a pair of abutment arms 118 and 12!}, respec
tively, Also interconnecting sides 1G8 and 111i is a sec
4 and 5 thereof the construction of a typical journal box
generally designated by the numeral 20 in which the
lubricating device of the presentinvention is used will be
ond cross bar 122 which serves as an oil level gauge when
the lubricating device 60 is in operative positiontsee
described. The journal box 20 includes a top wall 22, a
bottom wall 24 and a pair of side walls 26 and 28 inter 15 FIGURE 4 particularly). Preferably bar 122 and the
connecting top wall 22 and bottom wall 24. The rear’ of
portions of sides 108 and 110 disposed toward the hinge
therbox is provided with a pair of upstanding walls 30
members 1-84 are painted some distinctive color such as
red so that a maintenance man checking a journal box
‘and 32 which define a slot that receives a seal 34 adapted
to cooperate with the dry seat to be described later. The
can readily ascertain if the oil level is at the correct point.
Each of the upper ends of bracket 74 is provided with
forward end of bottom wall 24 is provided with an up 20
a plate 124 suitably secured thereto as by a rivet 126.
wardly directed front wall 36 which together with the
Plate 124 extends upwardly ‘beyond the associated end
side walls 26 and 28 de?nes an opening for the open end
38 of box 20. Hinged to top wall 22 as at 40 is a cover
v42 (see FIGURE 2 also) which is adapted to close the
open end 38.
'
i
_
25
Extending into box 20 is one end of an axle 44 which
of bracket 74 and is provided with an inwardly directed
part-circular sleeve 128. Received through each sleeve
128 is a coiled spring 130 which extends from behind
sleeve 128 forwardly to the front bracket 71}. Each of
includes a journal 46. The outer end of journal 46 is
the upper ends of front bracket 70 isprovided with a
provided with a collar 48 which has a diameter substan
plate 132 (see FIGURES l_andl6 particularly) secured
thereto as by a rivet at 134 and including an inwardly
t-ially greater than the diameter of journal 46. The other
end of journal 46 is provided with a ?llet 50 which merges 30 directed part-cylindrical sleeve 136 disposed above
bracket 76. Spring 130 extends through sleeve 136 and
with the dry seat 52 which in turn is formed integral with
is provided on its forward end with a section of spring
axle 44.
138 threaded thereon which forms a stop to prevent
Resting on top of journal 44 is a brass 54 having‘a
that end of spring 130v from being withdrawn from sleeve
liner 56. Brass 54 in turn supports a wedge 58 which
136. The other end of spring 130 as viewed in FIGURE
underlies top wall 22 ofjournal box 20. This construc
8 is also provided with a stop spring 140 threaded on
tion serves to support the journal box 20 and all parts
the rear end thereof and with a reinforcement spring 142
a connected thereto upon journal 46 which in turn is sup
threaded thereon between bracket 74Vand bracket 70.
ported by a Wheel mounted on axle 44.
Reinforcement spring 142 preferably is threaded up
A quantity of oil is provided in the bottom of journal
box 20 and it is desirable to lubricate journal 46 by apply- .
ing the oil thereto. To this end a lubricating device’ gen
erally designated by the numeral 60 of the present inven
tion has been provided. The lubricating device 60 is nor
mally positioned within journal box 20 beneath journal
46 and senves to convey oil 62 from the bottom of journal
box 29 upwardly and apply it to the under side of journal
46. Lubricating device 60 includes in general a support
frame generally designated by the numeral 64 which
against sleeve 128 and extends for a substantial distance
forwardly from sleeve 128.
.
The above described resilient frame 60 is readily de
formable to permit substantially any desired ‘amount and
direction of movement of the various brackets 78, 72
and 74 with respect to each other. This feature is par
ticularly desirable during insertion of frame 60 in the
journal box because as is best illustrated in FIGURE 4
of the drawings there is little clearance between collar
48 and forward end of bottom wall 24 of box 28.
resiliently supports a resilient blanket 66 which in turn
Once frame 68 has been inserted in operative position
supports a wicking pad 68 including a large number of 50
within box 28 it is desirable to rigidity the frame whereby
wicking members.
substantially to eliminate relative movement between the
Referring particularly to FIGURE 1 of theedrawings
rigid brackets 70, '72 and 74. To this end a pair of
it will be seen that the support frame 64 includes three
retainers generally designated by the numeral 144 have
substantially U-shaped brackets 70,72 and 74 which are
been provided. The construction of one of the retainers
disposed substantially parallel to each other and in oper
144 is best illustrated in FIGURES 3 and 3a of the draw
ative position are disposed perpendicular to the axis of
ings. Referring to FIGURE 3 of the drawings it will be
the associated journal 46. Bracket 70 is provided with
seen that retainer 144 includes a substantially straight
a pair of ?anges 76 and 78 formed on the edges thereof
section 146 which is adapted to be inserted in and
and is reinforced centrally thereof by a pair of reinforcing
grooves 88. The bracket 72 is similarly provided with
?anges 82 and 84 and grooves 86 and bracket 74 is
provided with flanges 88 and 98 and grooves 92. The
described construction serves to rigidify and make rigid
each of the brackets 74), 72'and 74. Each of the brackets
70, 72 and 74 is bent upwardly at the center thereofto
receive a bottom bar 94'extending between and beyond
brackets 78, 72 and 74 (see particularly FIGURE 9). A
plurality of rivets 96 wives to interconnect the brackets
and bar 94. Preferably bar 94 is formed of a ?at sheet
through the aperture in the center of spring 130. Formed
integral with one end of section 146 1and disposed at sub
stantially right angles thereto is a section 148 which
merges with a curved section 150. Curved section 150
is formed integral with a circularly curved spring portion
152 which in turn is formed integral with an upstanding
curved section 154. The upper end of section 154 is
directed slightly rearwardly toward section 146 and ter
minates in‘an upstanding locking portion 156. Referring
to FIGURE 4 of the drawings it will be seen that looking
of spring metal whereby it can assume any desired shape 70 portion 156 is adapted to be positioned behind a pro
such as that illustrated in FIGURE'Z of the drawings dur
jection 158 provided near the forward end of journal
box 20. The curved sections 158 ‘and 154 of each of the
retainers 144 are curved outwardly from the plane defined
nal box.
.
by
sections 146 and 148 toward the adjacent wall ofthe
The rear end of bar 94 is ‘curved upwardly as at 98
to form an abutment for the oil guard and seal which 75 box 28 to clear the collar 48 and the upper end of section
' 7 ing insertion of the lubricating device 60 within the jour
3,035,876
6
154 is curved inwardly toward the associated journal (see
48. Similiarly a pair of cut-outs 194 and 196 is provided
FIGURE 3a). Accordingly, retainers 144 are not formed
at the rear end of blanket 66 to receive loops 162 whereby
identical but in effect are mirror images of each other.
to assure lubrication of journal 46 adjacent ?llet 50.
When sections 148 are inserted in springs 130, springs
Lubricating pad 68 is bound upon blanket 66 by means
130 are in effect made rigid whereby rigidly to position
of thread passing through a plurality of apertures 198
the upper ends of brackets 70 and 74 with respect to each
around the periphery of body 172. More speci?cally
other. This also eliminates the possibility of bar 94 per
threads pass through band 170 around the edges of pad
mitting relative movement beween brackets 70 and 74.
68 and through apertures 198 whereby to secure lubricat
As a result frame 60 is substantially rigid and forms a
ing pad 78 to blanket ‘66. A handle ‘200 formed of a
good support for resilient blanket 66 and the lubricating 10 loop of cloth is provided on the forward end of blanket
pad 68. Retainers 144 effectively position frame 60
66 and is stitched as at 202 to body 172. Also holding
within journal box 20 and prevent shifting of frame 60
handle 200 to body .172 is a pair of rivets 204 and 206
within the journal box. The outwardly curved construc
which also hold a pair of spring clamps 208' and 210
tion of retainers 144 permits ready clearance of collar
to the bottom of body @172. Spring clamp 208 includm a
48 and the spring portion 152 permits ready insertion and 15 pair of part-circular sleeves 212 and 214 and clamp 210
removal of retainers 144.
similarly includes a pair of part-circular sleeves 216
As described above, the function of frame 60 is to sup
and 218.
port the resilient blanket 66 which in turn supports the
Formed integral with the bottom of body 172 is a
lubricating pad 68. Pad 68 includes a plurality of wick
pair of longitudinally extending ribs 220 and 222 which
ing members and more speci?cally includes a substan 20 extend substantially the entire length thereof and which
tially continuous and closely packedrpad of small upper
terminate a short distance from each end. Ribs 220 and
lubricating loops 160 and a plurality of downwardly
222 are disposed substantially parallel to each other and
extending longer loops 162which extend into oil 62.
The loops 160 and 162 are preferably formed of a
are disposed outwardly with respect to but adjacent to the
apertures 182 and 184 and the apertures 1'86 and 188,
special wicking material which will preferentially wick 25 respectively. Three pairs of apertures are provided in
oil and will not wick water. To this end the wicking
material includes a core of cotton which is oil impreg
nated with ‘the naturally occurring oil and waxes thereof
each of the ribs 220 and 222 and a metallic sleeve is
provided in each aperture. More speci?cally three pairs
of sleeves 224, 226 and 228 are provided in rib 220
and three pairs of sleeves 230, 232 and 234 are provided
thereby. Such cotton cores form excellent wicks for oil 30 in rib 222.
and can lift large quantities of oil for considerable dis
The assembly of blanket 66 and pad 68 is resiliently
or some suitable substitute so that only oil can be wicked
tances at a rapid rate. Preferably the cotton cores 164
supported upon frame 60 by three pairs of springs 236,
are substantially cylindrical in form and are covered with
238 and 240. More speci?cally springs 236 pass through
a braid 166 of wool which is also treated preferentially
and are guided by sleeves 224 in rib 220, sleeves 212 and
to wick oil. The wool braid covering 166 is highly re 35 214 on spring clamp 208 and sleeves 230 in rib 202.
sistant to glazing and carbonizing and gives good transfer
of oil from the cotton core 164 to the associated journal
46. The wicking material is preferably formed into the
loops 160 ‘and 162 which are supported and held in oper
ative position by a cotton fabric'diagrammatically illus
trated as at 168.
Preferably the cotton fabric 168 is
provided at the front and rear edges thereof with bands
170 formed of a combination of wool and rayon or nylon
which is used to attach pad 68 to the ?exible blanket 66
Springs 238' are received in and guided by sleeves 226 in
rib 220, sleeves 216 and 218 on the spring clamp 210 and
sleeves 232 in rib 222. A third set of springs 240 is
similarly received in sleeves 228 in ribs 220 and sleeves
40 234 in ribs 222.
The ends of the springs 236, 238‘ and 240 are provided
with double loops interconnected by grommets which
are in turn supported by hooks 242 pivotally mounted
upon brackets 70, 72 and 74. The loop and grommet con
as will be described more fully hereinafter. As is best
illustrated in FIGURE 1 of the drawings in one form of 45 struction on each spring and the construction of the
various hooks 242 is substantially identical and according
the invention 12 rows of upper loops 160 are provided
ly, only one set will be described in detail, that set being
and 4 rows of longer loops 162 are provided, the lower
the one provided on bracket 74 and illustrated in FIG
loops 162 being arranged in two sets of two rows each.
URES 7 and 8 of the drawings. Referring to FIGURES
By providing a plurality of upper loops 160, metal par
7 and 8 of the drawings, it will be seen that plate 124 is
ticles, sand, grit and other foreign matter entering the
journal box will not be rubbed against the journal and
will fall downwardly between the loops 168.
Lubricating pad 68 is mounted upon the resilient pad
provided with a substantially semi-cylindrical portion 244
intermediate the ends thereof and extending outwardly
from bracket 74. Received between bracket 74 and semi~
cylindrical portion 244 is a cylindrical rod 246 to the
or blanket 66. Referring more smci?cally to FIGURES 55 ends of which are ?xedly attached two books 242. Hooks
1 and 10 of the drawings the construction of blanket 66
242 are disposed in planes perpendicular to the axis of
will be described in detail. Preferably blanket 66 is
rod 246 and are positioned inwardly with respect to
formed of some resilient plastic material which is ?exible
bracket 74. This connection serves pivotally to inter
over a wide range of temperature and is resistant to oil
used in the lubricating of axles in railway car journal 60 connect hooks 242 to bracket 74 and further assures
that both hooks 242 move in unison.
boxes. In general blanket 66 includes a substantially
The end of spring 240 is provided with a pair of loops
?at body 172 which is generally rectangular in shape.
The corners of body 172 are cut back on the front and
rear ends as at 174, 176, 178 and 180, to reduce the wear
248 which are interconnected by a metallic grommet 250
providing an eye through which one of the hooks 242
at these points occasioned by shifting of the journal 46 65 is received. Hooks 242 are positioned adjacent the upper
ends of bracket 74 and, accordingly, serve to support
with respect to box 20. Four elongated cut-outs 182,
springs 240 therebetween. Springs 240 in turn support
184, 186, and 188 are provided centrally of body 172
to receive 'therethrough portions of the lower loops 162
the resilient blanket 66 on which is mounted the lubricat
of the wicking members. More speci?cally the majority
ing pad 63.
Springs 240 are free to move and slide through the
of two rows of loops 162 are put through the apertures 70
sleeves 228 and 234 (see FIGURES 9 and 10). Springs
182 and 184 and the majority of the other two rows of
236 are likewise free to move and slide through the re
loops 162 are put through apertures 186 and 188. Part
spective sleeves 224 and 230 on ribs 220 and 222. The
circular cut-outs i190 and 192 are provided in the for
sleeves 212 and'214 on the spring clamp 208 are moved
ward end of blanket 66 to receive certain loops 162 where
by to assure lubrication of the journal adjacent collar 75 into clamped relationship about springs 236 during as
O
4.3
I
able in all directions. This is desirable during the in
sertion of the lubricating device in journal box 20 as is
illustrated in FIGURE 2 of the drawings. Frame 64,
blanket 66 and pad 68 are all flexible. The interconnec
tion between blanket 66 and frame 64 is also extremely
?exible. The lulbricating device can assume the highly
?exed and deformed position illustrated in FIGURE 2
which is necessary during insertion into box 20. An im
portant problem in inserting the lubricating device within
sembly of the lubricating device and therefore the mid
points of these springs are ?xed with respect to the re
silient blanket 66. Springs 238 are similarly clamped to
blanket 66 by engagement thereof with sleeves 216 and
218 which are clamped therearound. The two clamps
208 and 210 therefore serve to centralize blanket 66 and
the associated pad 68 with respect to frame 60.
The above described mounting is very effective in hold
ing lubricating pad 68 against journal 46 even when
journal 46 moves with respect to box 20.
box 20‘ is the clearance around collar 48.
At all times
Clearance
around the collar 48 is facilitated by the pivotal connec
tion between hooks 242 and the various brackets 70, 72
during operation, the frame 60 is stationary with respect
to box 20, being held therein by retainers 144. There
and 74. This pivotal connection permits blanket 66 to be
moved even further downwardly whereby to give greater
being urged thereby into ?rm lubricating contact with 15 clearance ibetween pad 68 and collar 48.
Once the lubricating device has been inserted within
journal 46.
box 28, the retainers 144 are placed in operative posi
To obtain most effective use of the oil 62 within box
tion and sections 146 are inserted into springs 130.
20 and to be sure that the lower loops 162 are positioned
Springs 130, serve to guide sections 146 through sleeves
in the oil 62 as long as there is any oil in box 20, means
is provided to hold the lower ends of loops 162 in the 20 128 and 136 on brackets 74 and 70, respectively. The
heavier springs 142 prevent the free ends of sections 146
lowermost position of box 20. To this end loop holding
fore, the blanket 66 and pad 68 must be able to move
with respect to frame 69 while attached thereto and while
spring 252 is provided.
from beingpushed through and outwardly between the
coils of springs 130 during insertion through sleeves 128.
Spring'252 is continuous and
has one end 254 thereof threaded into the other end
256 thereof whereby to form a continuous loop spring.
Once retainers 144 are in position, frame 64 is rigid.
More speci?cally brackets 70,772 and 74 no longer can
move with respect to each other and retainers 144 ?rmly
As has been pointed out above the lower loops 162 are
arranged in pairs of rows extending downwardly through
the various openings and cut-outs in blanket 66. One
reach of spring 252 extends through loops 162 that pass
lock frame 64 in proper operative position
through apertures 182 and 184 and cut-outs 190 and 194.
The other reach of spring 252 passes through loops 162
which extend downwardly through apertures 186 and
188 and cut-outs 192 and 196 in bracket 68.
tion permits removal and replacement of the wedge 58
and the brass 54 without removing the ,lubricator or the
To hold
spring 252 and the associated loops 162 in the bottom
of box 20, a pair of hooks is provided on frame 60.
retainers 144.
More speci?cally a ?rst hook 258 is mounted upon a
plate 260 which is in turn riveted to the center of bracket
70 by the rivets 96. The free end of hook 258 extends
toward handle 106 and receives and holds spring 252. A
second hook 264 is formed on a plate 266 that is secured
by rivets 268 to the mid-point of bracket 74 (see FIG 40
body of spring 140 and the extension thereof forming
wire 274. This in turn provides a spring action urging
the sealing member 266 rearwardly againstwall 30 and
'
pending application, Serial No. 452,355, ?led August 26,
1954, for Lubrication Unit, now abandoned.
It will be seen that there has been provided a lubricat
ing device which ful?lls all’ of the objects and advantages
To prevent splashing and loss of oil outwardly around
the dry seat 52 in the rear of journal box 20 there is
provided a crescent shaped gasket or sealing member gen
erally designated by the numeral 266 (see FIGURE 11).
Preferably sealing member 266 is formed of a ?exible 7
material such as a synthetic rubber which retains its ?exi
bility throughout a wide temperature range and is re
sistant to oil used in lubricating railway journals. The
construction of sealing member 266 can be best seen in
the FIGURES 9 and 11 of the drawings. It will be seen .
that member 266 is made in one piece and includes a
principal rearward'ly disposed member 268 to which there
set forth above. Although a preferred form of the in
vention has been shown for purposes of illustration, it
is to be understood that various changes and modi?ca
tions can be made therein without ‘departing from the
spirit and scope thereof. Accordingly, the invention is
to be limited only as set forth in the following claims.
I claim:
1. A lubricating device for use in a railway journal
box having a quantity of oil disposed in the bottom
thereof and a journal extending therein, comprising a
support frame. including a plurality of rigid U-shaped
brackets, a flexible member interconnecting said brackets
adjacent the midpoints thereof, a retainer member de
tachably mounted upon said brackets, said retainer mem
ber including ?rst portions engaging said brackets to
eliminate relative movement therebetween and second
portions engageable in the journal box to hold said sup
i is integrally attached along the center thereof a ?ange
270. Flange 276 has for-med thereon a semi-circular
groove 272 which is arcuate in extent and extends sub
A
wire 274 is disposed in groove 272 and is formed integral
with the ends of springs 140 (see FIGURE 8). A plu
rality of staples 276 interconnect the free edge 278 of
port frame in the bottom thereof, a handle mounted on
said ?exible member, and an oil gauge mounted on said
" member 270 to the principal member 263 whereby to re
tain wire 274 in groove 272. Springs 1467 acting through
handle.
7.
2. A lubricating device for use in a railway journal box
Wire 1772 serve resiliently to urge sealing member 266
,
manner sealing member 266 serves effectively to prevent
leakage of oil rearwardly and out of box 28 across the
dry seat 52.
130 and 140 (see FIGURE 8). This rigidities spring 140
and therefore insures a spring action between the main
This application is a continuation-in-part of my co
hooks 258 and 264. This structure serves to hold the
ends of loops 162 in the ‘bottom of box 20 and in contact
with any oil 62 that may be contained therein.
rearwardly against wall 30 (see FIGURES 4 and 9) and
?llet 58 round the lowermost portion thereof. In this
'
With the retainers 144 in position, sections 146 thereof
extend rearwardly [beyond the rearmost end of springs
?llet 50.
URE 9 particularly). The free end of hook 264 is di¢
rected rearwardly so that spring 252 is stretched between
'stantially the entire'length of sealing member 266.
box 20.
The curved sections 156 and 154 of retainers 144 are
disposed and curved outwardly to clear collar 48 and
to clear the wedge ‘58 and the brass 54. This construc
'
With retainers 144 removed, the lubricating device of
the present invention is substantially ?exible and deform- >
having a quantity of oil disposed in the bottom thereof
and a journal extending therein, comprising a support
frame including a plurality of rigid U-shaped brackets, a
flexible member interconnecting said brackets, a retainer
member detachably mounted upon said brackets, said
retainer member including ?rst portions engaging said
brackets to eliminate relative movement therebetween
3,035,876
9
and second portions engageable in the journal box to
hold said support frame in the bottom thereof, a quantity
of wicking material mounted upon said support frame
and including loops adapted in use to extend from the
oil in the bottom of the journal box to the journal there
in, a spring member extending through said loops, and
hooks mounted on said brackets adjacent the midpoints
thereof to engage said spring member to hold the lower
ends of said loops in the oil in the bottom of the journal
box.
10
10
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
628,921
2,013,357
2,684,880
Brown ______________ __ July 18, 1899
Miller _______________ __ Sept. 3, 1935
Miklos ______________ __ July 27, 1954
561,091
740,392
Germany ____________ __ Oct. 10, 1932
FOREIGN PATENTS
France _____________ __ Nov. 14, 1932
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