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Патент USA US3036589

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May 29, 1962
T. A. GODFREY
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REINFORCING TOBACCO WEB
Filed July 18, 1958
'7 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR
THOMAS A. GODFREY
BY
Kai
ATTORNEY
May 29, 1962
T. A. GODFREY
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REINFORCING TOBACCO WEB
Filed July 18, 1958
_
7 Sheets-Sheét 2
FIG. 2
lNVENTOR
THOMAS A. GODFREY
Bwudgmz,
ATTORNEY
May 29, 1962
T. A. GODFREY
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REINFORCING TOBACCO WEB
Filed July 18, 1958
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INVENTOR
THOMAS A. GODFREY
BY
ATTORNEY
May 29, 1962
T. A. GODFREY
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REINFORCING TOBACCO WEB
Filed July 18, 1958
7 Sheets-Sheet 4
ATTORNEY
May 29, 1962
T. A. GODFREY
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REINFORCING TOBACCO WEB
Filed July 18, 1958
7 Sheets-Sheet 5
FIG. 6
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36
FIG. 7
7667
730
INVENTOR
THOMAS A. GODFREY
{#1,
ATTO RN EY
May 29, 1962
T. A. GODFREY
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REINFORCING TOBACCO WEB
Filed July 18, 1958
7 Sheets-Sheet 6
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INVENTOR
THOMAS A. GODFREY
BY
ATTORNEY
May 29, 1962
T. A. GODFREY
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REINFORCING TOBACCO WEB
Filed July 18, 1958
V
'7 Sheets-Sheet 7
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INVENTQR
THOMAS A. GODFREY
BY
2%“
ATTO NEY
United States Patent 0
1
1C6
1
3,036,579
APPARATUS AND METHOD FUR REENFGRMNG
TGBACCQ WEB
Thomas A. Godfrey, Elmont, N.Y., assignor to Interna
tional Cigar Machinery Company, a corporation of
New Jersey
Filed Early 18, 1958, Ser. No. 749,420
15 Claims. (Cl. 131-—29)
3&36579
Patented May 29, 1962
2
strip mechanism in conjunction with strip transfer and
conveying mechanism;
FIG. 6 is a sectional end elevation of the reinforcing
strip transfer mechanism;
FIG, 7 is a plan view of the reinforcing strip transfer
mechanisms in conjunction with a partial plan view of
the strip feed and cutting mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a plan view illustrating the combined web
binder and reinforcing strip forwarding and conveying
This invention relates to machine manufacture of cigars, 10 mechanism;
and more particularly to the manufacture of cigars hav
FIG. 9 is a plan view showing the relationships of a
ing a wrapper or hinder made from continuous tobacco
reinforcing strip underlying the tobacco web material on
web material.
the binder or wrapper die and after transfer to the rolling
Certain cigar manufacturers desire in such cigars to
table in position for the rolling and pasting operations;
provide a web reinforcing strip at the head end of the
and
cigar. Such strips are generally of non-tobacco material
FIG. 10 is an end elevation partly in section showing
and water insoluble. Certain known plastic materials, as
the pasting roller applied to a projecting tab on the roller
for example Mylar and other cellophane-like materials,
table.
are used for the reinforcing strip. Such materials are
With reference to the drawings illustrating the rein
resistant to the teeth and saliva of the smoker, and main 20 forcing strip feed illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 5, the
tain the security of the head end of the cigar during
strip material is pulled in the form of a web SW from
smoking.
It is an object of this invention to provide a method
a reel SR over a web control collar 10 by means of a
plurality of upper and lower ‘feed belts 12 and 14, which
and apparatus for applying such reinforcing strips to the
are driven intermittently by van upper and lower feed
head end of a cigar, and more particularly, to the head 25 roller 16 and ‘'18, respectively.
end of the cigar binder web.
The‘ reel SR is supported by means of two conical
It is an object of the invention to locate a reinforcing
?anges 2t} and 22. Flange 24} is integral with a suitable
strip on the outside of a binder web so that it may be
sleeve 2-4 (FIG. 3) rotatably supported by a horizontal
rolled with the binder about the cigar bunch.
stud shaft 26 projecting from and secured to a bracket
It is a further object of the invention to provide a
28, which in turn is mounted on a bearing bracket 30.
small tab end portion on the reinforcing strip laterally
The latter is secured to a supporting plate 32 held by
of the web to provide for gripping the strip as Well as
a bracket 34 (FIG. 2) mounted on one of the side edges
the web to transfer both Without disturbing their rela
of the bed plate 36 of the cigar machine. The hub of
tionship.
the conical ?ange 22 is provided with a thumb screw 38
It is a further object to provide such a tab so an ad 35 to detachably secure ?ange 22 to the sleeve 24 of the
hesive may be readily applied thereto, so that the rein
conical flange 20 (FIG. 3). Integral with the conical
forcing strip may be secured upon itself during bunch
flange 20 is a disc 4!} provided with an annular groove
rolling and provide greater security and ?rmness.
42 engaging a roller 44 pivotally secured to the free end
Still another object of the invention is to provide an
of a threaded stud 46 held in a threaded boss 48 of the
apparatus for accomplishing the above objects and for 40 bracket 28. The threaded stud 46 is equipped with a
delivering the reinforcing strip to the binder web in a
knob 5%} for turning the stud to effect a lateral adjustment
suitable associated relationship, and the maintaining of
of the conical flanges, and consequently a lateral adjust
such relationship during transfer to, and while on, the
ment of the reel SR and web SW.
rolling table.
To prevent overrunning of the reel SR during the
Still another object of the invention is to provide a 45 intermittency of its feed motion, the conical ?ange 2%
new method of securing such a reinforcing strip to the
is provided with an annular groove v52 engaging a brake
head end of the cigar by providing contact between the
band 54-, one end of which is anchored to the free end
ends of the strip after bunch rolling so that the strip may
of a stud 56 while the other end is secured to a horizon
be adhesively secured upon itself.
tally slidably adjustable stud 58 carried by a lug 60
It is a further object of the invention to provide means 50 projecting ‘from the hub of an arm 62 loosely mounted
for synchronously feeding a portion of tobacco Web from
on a stud ‘64 projecting from and held by bracket 28.
a continuous source and a portion of reinforcing strip
To pin 65 on the free end of ‘arm 62, is pivotally
from another continuous source, and severing predeter
attached one end of a link 66, whose other end is pro
mined leading portions of the Web and the strip, and
vided with a slot 68 (FIG, 2) engaging a pin 70 project~
then placing the severed strip so it underlies in a predeter 55 ing from and held by an arm 72 pivotally mounted on
mined angular relationship the severed web.
hearing bracket 30. The free end of arm 72 carries a
The novel features which I believe to be characteristic
stud shaft 74 which rotatably supponts the web control
of my invention are set forth with particularity in the
roller 10. Smooth operation without jerky motion is
appended claims. My invention itself, however, both
assured to the brake linkage system during the intermit
as to its organization and method of operation, may be 60 tent feed action by a roller balance spring 76 anchored
understood by reference to the ‘following description taken
at its upper end to the pin 65, while its lower end is
in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
‘fastened to the pin 70 of the roller carrying arm '72.
k FIG. 1 is a plan View illustrating the reinforcing strip
From the arrangement of the web control roller 10 in
feed in conjunction with an automatic web binder feed;
conjunction with the brake band linkages, it is self-evident
65
FIG. 2 is a side elevation of the reinforcing strip feed;
that in case of a breakage of Web SW the weight of the
FIG. 3 is an end elevation of the same illustrating the
roller 10 forces said linkage downward and. tightens the
reinforcing strip cutting mechanism;
brake band 54 in the groove 52, while during normal
FIG. 4 is a side elevation of the web binder feed
feeding action said band receives only sufficient tension
illustrated in conjunction with the reinforcing strip trans
to effect a desired drag on the reel SR.
70
fer and conveying mechanism;
As mentioned heretofore, the web SW is intermittently
FIG. 5 is a partial side elevation of the reinforcing
advanced by means of the upper and lower feed belts 12
3,086,579
3
and 14 driven by the feed rollers 16 and 18, respectively.
Upper feed belts 12 are led over a front guide roller 811,
while the lower feed belts 14 are led over a front guide
roller ‘82 (FIGS. 2 and 5). Both front guide rollers 81}
and ‘82 are rotatably supported by suitable bearing brack
ets 84 mounted on the supporting plate. To prevent hori
zontal shifting of the feed belts 12 and 14, the latter en
gage with and are con?ned in suitable grooves of their
respective feed and guide rollers. The upper feed roller
16 is rotatably mounted on a horizontal shaft 116, both
ends of which are provided with suitable eccentric exten
sions 88 (FIG. 2) supported by vertically slidable spring
mounted bearing blocks 90 slidably mounted in suitable
4
From the arrangement shown in the drawings and de
scribed above, it is self-evident that any oscillating mo
tion imparted to televator arm 14%‘ by cam 158 through
the linkages and levers described will result in a vertical
raising and lowering as well as in a horizontal swingng
of the elevator platform 1311 with the shaft 132. Top
wall or cover plate of the hollow elevator platform 130
is provided with a plurality of suitable holes 166, while
the bottom wall is provided with a thru-wall hose ?tting
163, which in turn, by means of a flexible tube 170, is
connected to a suction control valve 172, which is con—
nected to and mounted on a suction distributing chamber
174 identical with the one illustrated and described in a
slots of bearing brackets 30. One of the eccentric exten
patent application ?led May 5, 1955, by H. H. Wheeler,
sions '88 is provided with a suitable lever or ?nger 92
(FIG. 2) to raise the upper feed roller and belts for web
August 5, 1958. Chamber 174 (FIGS. 1, 3, and 4) by
threading purposes.
The lower feed roller 18 is mounted on a horizontal
shaft 94 rotatably supported in suitable bearings of
bracket 30. For trouble-free synchronized feeding, the
Serial No. 566,129, now Patent No. 2,846,010 issued
means of a suitable tube 176, is connected to a suitable
'
source of suction (not shown).
The suction control valve 1'72 is provided with a butter
fly type of valve plate 178 mounted within said valve on
upper feed roller shaft 86 and the lower feed roller shaft
94 are connected by a pair of suitable gears 96 (FIG. 1).
To one end of the lower feed roller shaft 94 is secured
a suitable one-way clutch 93 (FIGS. 1 and 3) connected
a horizontal rod or shaft 181) which is oscillated by means
of a lever 1&2 which in turn, through a rod 184, is con
nected to the free end of a cam lever 186 (FIGS. 2 and
100, by means of a chain 102, is connected to a sprocket
104 secured to an oscillating shaft 166 rotatably sup
ported by a suitable bearing bracket 111$ secured to the
bottom side of plate 32. To shaft 106 is also secured a
crank arm 110, whose free end is connected by a rod
roller 1% which engages with a earn 191 secured to the
3) loosely supported by a horizontal shaft 188 held by
to a sprocket 1011 loosely supported by shaft 94. Sprocket 25 the frame of the machine. Cam lever 136 carries a cam
112 to an actuating lever 114 (FIGS. 2 and 3) rotatably
supported by a horizontal stud shaft 116 secured to and
held by the side frame of the machine (FIG. 2).
The
hub 118 of actuating lever 114 is integral With a cam
cam shaft 126.
The horizontal shaft 180‘ extends into
another suction control valve 192, which is also provided
with a butter?y type valve plate 194 mounted on shaft
189 within said valve as illustrated in FIG. 1. Suction
control valve 192 is also connected to and mounted on
the suction distributing chamber 174, and is provided
to control the suction to other parts of the mechanism de
scribed hereinafter.
lever 120 having a cam roller 122 engaging a cam 124
The vertical rod 184 which connects the valve actuat
to and in horizontal alignment with the ledger plate 128,
in proper tension against ledger plate 128 (FIG. 7).
ing lever 182 with the cam lever 186 carries a lug 1%
on a cam shaft 126 continuously driven by the main
(FIGS. 1, 2, and 3), the free end of which projects be
drive of the machine (not shown). The oscillating mo
neath
a knife actuating arm 198 secured to and extend
tion imparted by cam 124 is translated into intermittent
ing from a shaft 2% rotatably and suitably supported in
one-way rotary motion at the clutch 98 through the con
40 a bearing provided in bracket 31} and a bearing lug 202
nection described above.
extending from ledger plate 12% (FIGS. 5 and 7). To
During operation, a predetermined length of web SW
that end portion of the shaft 200‘ which protrudes from
is advanced by the feed belts 12 and 14 over a bridge
the ledger plate lug 2112 is secured a suitably shaped knife
and ledger plate 128 onto a hollow elevator platform
blade 2114. A suitable tension spring 206 keeps knife 204
130 which at the time of feeding operation is adjacent
Spring 2136 surrounds shaft 20%} and is con?ned between
which in turn is rigidly secured to the brackets 84 adja
the rear side of ledger plate lug 202 and a collar 298 se
cent the delivery end of the feed belts 12 and 14 as illus
cured to shaft 200.
trated in FIG. 5.
During feed operation, feed rollers 16 and 18 through
The elevator platform 130 at one end is secured to the
top end of a vertical shaft 132 which is vertically slidable 50 feed belts 12 and 14 advance the leading end of the web
SW a predetermined distance onto the elevator platform
as well as rotatably supported by a vertical bearing stand
1.30‘ which at this moment is horizontally aligned with the
134 secured to the supporting plate 32 (FIGS. 2, 4, 5,
feed
belts as well as with the bridge ledger plate 128.
and 6). The lower end of vertical shaft 132 is provided
As soon as a predetermined length of web SW is fed onto
with an annular groove 136 (FIGS. 5 and 6) which en
platform 1311, cam lever 186 imparts a vertical lift to
gages with a pair of diametrically opposed clutch collar
the
rod 184 (FIG. 3) which in turn, through lever 182
shoes 138 which are pivotally attached to the forked end
and shaft 181}, causes an opening of valve plate 178 with
portion of an elevator actuating arm 146 mounted on a
in suction control valve 172 thus permitting suction to
horizontal oscillating shaft 142 supported by suitable
reach the elevator platform 130 to effect an arrest or an
bearing blocks 144 secured to the supporting plate 32.
adhering of the length of web fed onto said platform.
60
To shaft 142 is also secured a lever 146, the free end of
During a ‘continued vertical upward motion of rod 184,
which, by means of a rod 148, is connected to an arm
the lug 1% carried by said rod will contact the free end
150 integral with and projecting from a hub 152 loosely
of the knife actuating arm 1% and swing the same in an
mounted on shaft 116 (FIG. 2). Integral with and pro
upward
direction turing shaft 2% to force the knife blade
jecting from said hub 152 is a cam lever 154, the free
2&4 downward and thus sever the length of web arrested
end of which carries a cam roller 156 engaging with a 65
on platform 130 from the Web SW proper.
cam 158 mounted on the cam shaft 126. The vertical
As soon as this length or strip S on platform 130 is cut
shaft 132 is provided with a suitably curved longitudinal
from the web SW, cam lever 154 through arm 150, rod
groove 160 (FIGS. 5 and 6) which engages with a roller
148, lever ‘146, shaft 142 and elevator actuating arm 140
1'62 pivotally mounted on a horizontal stud 164 held by
imparts a vertical upward movement to the shaft 132, to
the top portion of the vertical bearing stand 134. The
the top of which is secured the elevator platform 130.
latter, of course, is also provided with a pair of diametri
Since, as described heretofore, the curved track or groove
cally opposed vertical slots 166 to permit free up-and
in shaft 132 engaged with the stationary held roller 162,
down movement of the protruding clutch collar shoes 138
said shaft and consequently platform 130 during their
which are pivotally attached to the forked end portion
75 upward movement are rotated or turned in such a fashion
of arm 140 as mentioned heretofore.
5
3,036,579
as to cause the strip carrying platform to arrive at a
desired angle (FIG. 8) when elevated to its maximum
height as indicated in dottedv lines in FIG. 5.
Since the reinforcing strip S is to be used to reinforce
that portion of the cigar binder which will enwrap the
cigar’s head end, the reinforcing strip feed described
6
which is provided with suitably arranged holes 282 (FIG.
8) while the chamber proper, by means of a tube 284,
is connected to a ?exible duct 286 which forms the con~
nection between the suction web feed head 212 and the
suction control valve 192 on the suction distributing
chamber 174. The suction feed head 212, of course, is
above is combined and illustrated in conjunction with an
provided with a plurality of suitable holes 213 on its
automatic roll tobacco sheet feed similar to the one shown
bottom portion. The forward end of the binder web
and described in Wheeler Patent 2,846,010. In this auto
supporting plate 214 on which the leading end of the
matic roll binder feed, the binder web BW (FIGS. 1 and 10 binder web BW is placed when starting the machine is
4) is pulled from a roll or reel BR by a pair of intermit
provided with a plurality of conveniently arranged holes
tently driven feed rollers 210. The latter work in con
288 (FIGS. 7 and 8) which lead to and are connected
junction and synchronism with a reciprocating suction
with a suction chamber 290 secured to the bottom surface
feed head 212 which picks up the leading end of the web
of said plate 214. Suction chamber 290 by means of a
BW from a web supporting plate 214 and carries the
tube 292 is connected to the suction control valve 172
same forward and across a suction table 216, after which
which is the same valve which also controls the suction
said web is deposited thereon and suction feed 212 re
line to the hollow elevator platform 130 described here
turns to its original starting position.
tofore.
The reel BR is supported by a horizontal shaft 218
As illustrated in FIG. 1 of the drawings, the reinforcing
rotatably held in suitable bearings of a frame bracket 220
strip feed SP is mounted at right angles to the binder web
fastened to the bed plate 36 of the cigar machine. The
feed BF and arranged in such a way that the strip feed
lower feed roller is mounted on a shaft 222 to which is
secured a gear 224 which meshes with a gear 226 carried
by a shaft 228 to which the upper feed roller is mounted.
intercepts the binder feed at a location between the suc
tion table 216 and the binder web feed rollers 210 with
the reinforcing strip elevating mechanism positioned be
The upper feed roller shaft 228 is provided with eccentric
low the path of the binder web so that the reinforcing
extensions which are supported by spring urged slidable
strip may be fed and applied to the underside of the binder
bearing blocks of identical design and construction as the
web.
one shown and described in the above mentioned Wheeler
A suitably arranged gap 294 in the binder web support~
Patent 2,846,010. Said bearing blocks are slidably con
ing plate 214 permits the strip carrying elevator platform
?ned in suitable slots in bracket 220 and the lower feed 30 130 to contact the bottom side of the binder web. Since
roller drive shaft 222 is rotatably supported by suitable
the driving and control carns of the reinforcing strip feed
bearings in the same bracket. To shaft 222 is also se
mechanism as well as of the binder web feed mechanism
cured a one-way ball clutch 230 (FIG. 1) which engages
are mounted on the common cam shaft 125, the machine
with the hub of ‘a sprocket 232 loosely mounted on shaft
is so synchronized as to effect a simultaneous feeding of
222. Sprocket 232 engages with a reciprocating chain
the reinforcing strip web SW and the binder web BW.
234 which runs over an idler sprocket 235 and is con
nected to a suitably shaped reciprocating slide bracket 236
During this simultaneous feeding operation, the leading
end of the reinforcing strip web SW, by means of feed
slidingly supported by a horizontal guide rail 238 (FIG.
rollers 16 and 18 and belts 12 and 14, is ‘advanced onto
4) fastened to the bed plate as of the machine. Slide
the elevator platform 1130, which at this moment dwells
40
bracket 236, through a link 240, is connected to the free
at its lowermost position horizontally aligned with said
end of an oscillating arm 242 which is activated through
feed belts 12 and 14, while the leading end of the binder
a suitable linkage and cam in the same manner as shown
web BW is pulled over the suction table 216 by means
and described in aforementioned Wheeler Patent 2,846,
of the forward moving web feed head 212 operating in
010. To the top portion of slide bracket 2% is mounted
conjunction with the binder web feed rollers 210.
a bearing bracket 244 (FIG. 1) to which is stationarily
During this feed operation, the butter?y valve 194 in
secured a horizontal shaft 245 which pivotally supports
the suction control valve 192 is open and the butter?y
a forked or U-shaped carrier bracket 248 from which is
valve 178 in suction control valve 172 is closed, thus ap
adjustably suspended the suction web feed head 212. To
plying suction to the web feed head ‘212 and the suction
give additional support to the horizontal shaft 246, the
chamber 280, to lift the binder web from the supporting
free end of the latter is provided with a guide roller 250
plate 214 for transfer to suction table 216. Since the
(FIG. 8) which engages with a horizontal track 252
butter?y valve 178 in suction control valve ‘172 is closed,
integral with a bracket 254 secured to bed plate 36. The
no suction can reach the hollow elevator platform 130
horizontal shaft 246, by means of two forked brackets
nor the suction chamber 290 beneath the perforated for
256 and 258 (FIG. 1), carries and supports two cutting
ward end of the web supporting plate 214, ‘thus the lead
rollers 260 and 262 respectively.
ing end of the reinforcing strip web SW can be advanced
The cutting roller carrying brackets 256 and 258 are
onto the elevator platform 130 without interference while
yieldingly connected with two suitable brackets 264 and
at the same time the leading end of the binder web BW
266, respectively, in a manner well known in the art to
is carried across the suction table 216.
provide resiliency and su?icient pressure to the cutting
Suction table 216 is in its downwardmost position when
rollers to effect the desirable cutting action when passing 60 the binder web is carried over it to provide su?cient
over a suitably shaped stationary knife 268 secured to the
clearance and prevent any contact during the forward
front or leading end of the suction table 215 as more fully
travel of the cutting rollers 1260‘ and 262 with the upper
shown and described in the aforementioned Wheeler
edges of the knife 268 mounted on and carried by the
Patent 2,846,010.
suction table 216. The suction table 216 is suitably con
The U~shaped bracket 248 is held in horizontal posi 65 nected to the suction system, vertically movable and sur
tion by means of a spring mounted plunger 270 engaging
rounded by a stationary frame 296 secured to a plate
with its free end with a suitable hole 272 (FIG. 4) in a
298 serving as a cover for a chamber 300 in a bracket
302 mounted on the bed plate as. Chamber 300 com
boss 274 of bracket 248. Plunger 270 is held by a lug
municates with the suction distributing chamber 174
276 secured to shaft 246. Since this structure is identical
with the one shown and described in the aforesaid Wheeler 70 which, as mentioned heretofore, is permanently connected
to a suitable source of vacuum or suction. by the tube
Patent 2,846,010, further details are omitted. From the
176. When the suction table 216 is in its lowermost
U-shaped carrier bracket 248, by means of a pair of lugs
position, no suction is admitted to the latter. However,
278, is also suspended a comparatively flat suitably shaped
suction chamber 280 (FIGS. 5 ‘and 8), the bottom of 75 as soon as the binder web BW is carried over the suction
table 216 by the feed head 212, the table 216 just raises
3,086,579
O
to
7
sufficiently to admit suction to the latter and to bring
the upper edges of the knife 268 in the path of the cut
ting rollers.
As soon as the table 216 is raised, the butter?y valve
194 in' suction control valve 192 is activated and closed,
suction box v290 beneath the forward end of web support
ing plate 214 and applying suction to the web feed head
212 and the suction chamber 280, thus the leading end
of the binder web is picked up by feed head 212 and
both binder web and the reinforcing strip S are picked
up by the suction chamber 28!)‘. The elevator platform
130 then descends to its strip receiving position while
and thus the suction is transferred from feed head 212
and suction chamber ‘280 to suction table 216. When
the feed head 212 and suction chamber 280 move for
butter?y valve 194 closes, the butter?y valve 178 of con
ward to place the leading end of the binder web with
trol valve 172 opens to apply suction to the suction box
280 located beneath the forward end of the web support 10 the reinforcing strip onto the suction table 216, while at
the same time a new length of reinforcing strip web SW
ing plate 214 and also to the hollow elevator platform
is fed into the elevator platform 13b to repeat the cycle.
130, thus holding (a) the binder web BW to table 216
As illustrated in FIG. 1, the exposed ends T and T1
as well as to the perforated forwardmost end of the web
supporting plate 214 and (b) the length of reinforcing
strip web SW to the elevator platform 130.
The butter?y valve actuating rod 184 during opening
of suction control valve 172 manipulates, through lug
196 and arm 198, the knife blade 204 to cut a reinforc
ing strip S from the reinforcing strip web SW fed on the
elevator platform 130. At the same time the carriage
assembly, consisting of the feed head 212, the cutting
rollers 260 and 262 and the suction chamber 280, returns
to its original starting position, cutting during this return
stroke a binder B from the binder web BW as illustrated
in FIG. 1. After the carriage assembly reaches its back
most or starting position, suction table ‘216, due to the
action of a cam (not shown), is moved further upward
of the reinforcing strip also permit the transfer head 304
15 with the appropriate suction holes to pick up and trans
fer the reinforcing strip S with the binder B while main
taining their same relative position. Transfer head 304
moves to a bunch rolling table. The projecting end T1
serves as the paste receiving place to prevent opening of
the bunch after rolling. The strip S itself forms a ?rm,
well attached holding and reinforcing ring about the head
end of a cigar bunch.
FIG. 9 shows, in the left-hand portion thereof, the
disposition of the cut binder B and the reinforcing strip
S, after transfer to the bunch rolling table RT from the
die table, shown in the right-hand portion of FIG. 9,
and also in FIGS. 1 and 4.
The transfer is effected, as
until it contacts the bottom surface of a binder transfer
head 304 (FIG. 4) of a binder transfer mechanism BT.
mentioned in the last preceding paragraph, by transfer
suction table 216, the leading end E is trimmed to proper
shape by a spring urged knife 306 (FIG. 1) on a pivot
scribed for instance in Patent 2,287,004, granted to H. H.
Wheeler, June 16, 1942.
head 3114 indicated also in phantom in FIG. 10‘.
The
During this upward movement of the binder carrying 30 transfer mechanism is well known in the art, being de
310 cutting in conjunction with a ledger plate 398 secured
to the forward end of the suction table 216.
After the
In FIG. 9, the tobacco ?ller is shown at F being formed
into a bunch by the ?ller roller FR and the rubber apron
binder carrying suction table 2161 has contacted the bot 35 RA, as well known in the art.
At the left in FIG. 9 is shown the paste roller PR in
tom surface of the binder transfer head 3G4, suction is
position to be applied to tab T1 by the mechanism indi
transferred to head 304 from table 216.
cated at the left in FIG. 10‘ and shown and described
As mentioned above, the binder web BW is ?rmly ar
in full in Patent 2,391,294, granted to S. Clausen, Decem
rested by suction on the forward end of the web sup
ber 18, 1945.
porting plate 214 during the return stroke of the carriage
I claim:
assembly from the suction table 216 to its starting posi
1. In combination with a cigar machine having means
tion. As soon as said carriage assembly reaches the lat
for feeding successive web portions from a continuous
ter, the elevator platform 13!) now carrying the ?rmly
source, a table for supporting a leading section of web
held reinforcing strip S moves upward and into the gap
294 of the web supporting plate 214 until it contacts the 45 from said source, means to draw said section across said
table, there being an opening in said table, a source of
bottom side of the binder web BW with the platform
continuous reinforcing strip material, severing means for
being swung during its ascent from a right angular posi
severing predetermined portions from said strip material,
tion to an angular position with relation to the binder
feed means to deliver a predetermined portion from said
web. This angle is preferably the same as the angle of
last mentioned source, a transfer adapted to grip said
the knife 268 since it is designed to form a parallel rein
severed portion and to deliver said severed portion to
forcing ring about the head end of the ?nished cigar
said opening in said table, a suction transfer device
bunch. In FIG. 7 the elevator platform 130 is shown
adapted to ‘grip said web on said table, said suction trans
in its lowermost and strip receiving position, while in
fer device having other instrumentalities for simultane
FIG. 8 the elevator is shown in its raised and strip deliv
cry and applying position and at the desired angle in 55 ously gripping said strip in said opening to transfer said
web and said strip away from said table.
relation to the binder web BW.
2. In combination with a cigar machine having a table,
As illustrated in FIG. 8, the suction chamber 280 sus
a transfer device to transfer a portion of web material
pended from the carrier bracket 248 above the binder web
from said table to a receiving station on said machine,
BW and the web supporting plate 214 covers the approxi
mate area above the reinforcing strip and is provided 60 there being an opening in said table underlying said web
material, means to deliver a predetermined portion of
at its bottomside with a su?icient number of holes 232
strip material to and beneath said web through said open
to properly attract a certain portion of the binder web
ing, said means comprising facilities for delivering said
as well as the ends T, T1 of the reinforcing strip extend
strip material so that it engages said Web material dis
ing beyond the Width of the binder web. The reinforc
ing strip S must be cut sufficiently long and placed beneath 65 placed angularly from a position transverse to said web.
3. In a cigar machine having a supporting surface for
the binder web in a manner to assure that each end of
tobacco web material, a transfer device having ?rst suc
the strip S projects suf?ciently from the side edges of the
binder web to be held by suction chamber 280‘ for trans
tion means to transfer a portion of tobacco web material
from said surface, said surface being adapted to support
fer with the binder keb to table 216 (FIG. 1).
As soon as the reinforcing strip carrying elevator con 70 said web portion prior to transfer and having formed
therein an opening underlying a predetermined area of
tacts the bottom side of the binder web bridging the gap
said web portion, an elevator having gripping means
294 of the supporting plate 214, butter?y valve 178 in
thereon to grip a portion of reinforcing strip and to ele
control valve 172 is closed and the butter?y valve 194
vate said strip through said opening to associate said
in control valve 192 is opened thus transferring the suc
tion from the elevator platform 1.30 as well as from the 75 strip with said web material, said strip having portions
9
3,036,579
extending beyond the edges of said web material, said
transfer device being adapted to grip said web material
and said transfer device having second suction means
adapted to grip said extended portions of said strip,
whereby said web material and said strip may be trans
ported together while maintaining the relationship of said
strip to said web material.
id
upward through said slot in said table to raise said strip
to a position underlying said web so at least one portion
of said strip extends beyond the border of said Web, a
transfer mechanism, gripping means on said transfer
mechanism, operative to engage said web and said ex~
tending portion of said underlying strip to transfer said
web with said strip in said extended and underlying posi
tion to a receiving station, whereby said web and said
4. In combination with a cigar machine having a sta
tion for trimming to a predetermined shape a portion of
strip may be handled as a unitary entity.
web material, transfer means to transfer said web mate 10
8. A device for pre-forming a tobacco web binder hav
rial from said station to a web material receiving station
ing a reinforcing strip, comprising a table having a slot
on said machine, an initial table to receive said web mate
formed therein, mechanisms to feed from a source a
rial, there being a substantially transverse slot in said
leading portion of web to said table, cutting means to
initial table, instrumentalities to feed a portion of rein
forcing strip, a mechanism adapted to receive said strip 15 sever from said source said leading portion of web at
said table, a source of continuous reinforcing strip mate
from said instrumentalities and to transfer said strip to
rial, instrumentalities to sever a leading portion of said
said substantially transverse slot and underlying said por
strip material from said source and to position said strip
tion of said web material on said table, the length of
material in said slot formed in ‘said table to underlie
said reinforcing strip being somewhat greater than the
said severed web portion thereon, said instrumentalities
transverse dimension of said web material to provide an
being operative to position said strip material so a small
extending tab of said strip beyond the edge of said web
portion extends beyond the edge of said web, a web trim~
material, a transfer device to transfer said web portion
ming station, and a transfer mechanism adapted to grip
and said associated strip to said trimming station, said
the upper surface of said web portion and the upper sur
transfer device gripping said web and the extending tab
face of said underlying strip material extending beyond
of said strip underlying said web material.
the edge of said web, and to transfer said web and asso
5. In combination with a cigar machine having a sta~
ciated
strip material to said web trimming station.
tion for trimming to a predetermined shape a portion of
web material, ?rst transfer means to transfer said web
material from said station to a web material receiving
station on said machine, an initial table to receive said
web material, there, being a substantially transverse slot
in said initial table, instrumentalities to feed a portion
of reinforcing strip, a mechanism adapted to receive said
strip from said instrumentalities, second transfer means
to transfer said strip to said substantially transverse slot
and underlying said portion of said web material on said
table, ‘the length of said reinforcing strip being some
9. A device suitable for attachment to a cigar machine
for pre-forming a reinforced tobacco web, comprising
a table suitable to receive a portion of web from a source,
releasable gripping means to retain said portion on said
table, said table having a slot formed therein, a source
of continuous reinforcing strip, a device adapted to re—
ceive a portion of said strip, severing means at said
device to sever a leading portion of said strip, releasable
gripping means on said device, means for actuating said
device to move through said slot formed in said table to
position said severed strip portion beneath said web, said
strip portion having linear dimensions suflicient to extend
material to provide an extending tab of said strip beyond
the edge of said web material, a third transfer device 40 a small amount beyond the dimensions of said web, other
gripping means to grip said Web and the extending por
to transfer said web portion and said associated strip to
tion of said strip, means for releasing said releasable
said trimming station, said strip underlying said web
gripping means on said table when said other gripping
material, said ?rst transfer means having gripping means
means grip said Web and said extending portion of said
thereon both to ‘grip said tab and. said web during transfer
of said web portion from said trimming station to said 45 strip, means for moving said other gripping means to a
trimming station, and devices at said trimming station to
receiving station.
trim said web to a pre-determined shape.
6. The combination of a continuous intermittent feed
what greater than the transverse dimension of said web
of reinforcing strip arranged substantially at right angles
10. A machanism to prepare and deliver a reinforced
tobacco web comprising a table to receive a portion of
leading portion of said web across said table, suctional
lie said web, said strip material extending slightly beyond
means of tobacco Web with an intermittent feed means
to said Web feed means, a table having a transverse slot, 50 Web, said table having formed therein a slot, means to
deliver a portion of strip material into said slot to under
said web feed being adapted to feed a predetermined
the borders of said web, exposing a portion of said strip
material, and a transfer device having suctional gripping
mounted beneath said table to receive said strip from
said strip feed means, suctional gripping means on said 55 means suitable to apply suction to the upper surface of
said Web and to the upper surface of the extending strip
elevator to grip said strip, said elevator means being mov
material to transport and deliver said associated web and
able upward through said slot in said table to raise said
strip material.
strip to a position underlying said web and extending a
11. A mechanism substantially as set forth in claim 10,
portion of said strip beyond the border of said web, a
transfer mechanism, suctional gripping means on said 60 further characterized in that said mechanism includes
means ‘for actuating said transfer device to deliver said
transfer mechanism, operative to engage said web and
Web to a bunch rolling table and a device suitable to
said extending portion of said underlying strip to transfer
apply an adhesive to said exposed extending strip mate
said Web and said strip in said associated position to a
rial whereby When said reinforced web is rolled in a cigar,
receiving station, whereby said web and said strip may be
handled as a unitary entity.
65 said strip may be ‘rolled and adhesively secured upon
itself.
7. The combination of a continuous ?rst intermittent
12. In the manufacturing of a cigar, having a bunch
feed means of tobacco web with a second intermittent
feed means of reinforcing strip arranged substantially
charge, preparing a binder web, preparing a reinforcing
at right angles to said web feed means, a table having
strip having a linear dimension slightly in excess of the
a transverse slot, control means in said ?rst means to 70 width of said binder web, associating said strip and said
carry a predetermined leading portion of said web across
web so said strip underlies said web adjacent its head
said table, gripping means on said table to grip said web,
end and substantially transverse thereto, transporting said
gripping means on said table to grip said web, an elevator
an elevator in said second means, mounted beneath said
table to receive said strip, gripping means on said ele
web and said strip in said associated relationship by
gripping said web and the extending portions of said
vator to grip said strip, means for actuating said elevator 75 strip, applying adhesive to at least one of said extending
3,036,579
1.1
12
tabs of said strip, and rolling said Web and said strip
while said web is on said table in such manner that a por
in a cigar and having said strip adhere on itself.
13. The method of preparing a web for a cigar having
on said machine, and transfer means in said machine for
a reinforcing strip comprising severing a predetermined
portion of tobacco web material, placing beneath said
material and adjacent the head end thereof a strip of
reinforcing material having a linear dimension slightly in
excess of the width of said web to provide extending tabs
and a transverse dimension which is small relative to the
length of said predetermined portion of tobacco web )9
material, and transporting said web material and associ
ated strip by simultaneously gripping said web material
and the extending tabs of said strip.
14. vIn the manufacturing of a cigar, having a bunch
charge, preparing a binder web‘, preparing a reinforcing
strip having a linear dimension slightly in excess of the
Width of said binder web, associating said strip and said
web so said strip underlies said web adjacent its head end
and substantially transverse thereto, transporting said web
and said strip in said associated relationship ‘by suction
ally gripping said web and the extending portions of said
strip, applying adhesive to at least one of said extending
tabs of said strip, and rolling said web and said strip in
a cigar and having said strip adhere on itself.
15. A cigar machine having a table with means therein
for shaping a tobacco web, means connected to said table
for forming a reinforcing strip for said web, means in
said machine to position said strip beneath said web
tion of said strip projects beyond said web, a rolling table
transferring said web and said strip from said shaping
table to said rolling table.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
435,510
Meyer _______________ __ Sept. 2, 1890
779,688
865,012
Butler ______________ __ Ian. 10, 1905
Butler _______________ __ Sept. 3, 1907
1,046,643
1,088,533
1,116,419
1,393,524
1,969,834
Quester ______________ __ Dec.
Cameron ____________ .... Feb.
Hammerstein ________ __ Nov.
Grupe ______________ __ Oct.
Berriman ____________ -_ Aug.
10,
24,
10,
11,
14,
1912
1914
1914
1921
1934
1939
1939
1940
1943
2,165,289
2,167,170
2,220,071
2,316,784
Milrnoe _____________ __ July 11,
Burns _______________ __ July 25,
Avery _______________ __ Nov. 5,
Gladeck ____________ __ Apr. 20,
2,391,294
2,451,920
Clausen _____________ __ Dec. 18, 1945
Clausen ______________ __ Oct. 19, 1948
2,846,010
Wheeler ______________ __ Aug. 5, 1958
742,561
569,486
Germany _____________ __ Dec. 7, 1943
Great Britain _________ __ May 25, 1945
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