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Патент USA US3037658

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June 5, 1962
R. L. Rupp
3,037,648
BIER
Filed July 27, 1959
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2 Sheets-'Sheet 2
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Richard
INVENTOR
L. Rupp
AT'roRNEYs I
3,37ß48
„
United States Patent O ” ICC
Patented June 5, 1962
2
1
3,037,648
_
BIER
Richard L. Rupp, 700 Jefferson Ave., De?ance, Ohio
Filed July 27, 1959, Ser. No. 829,657
3 Claims. (Cl. 214-84)
The present invention relates to bier and is a continua
tion-in-part of my prior similarly entitled application ?led
valance boards 24 and 25 secured to the bed board 23
and depending therefrom so as to conceal the internal side
and end frame studs 26 and 27. This studding may
supply the strength of the roller bed 11 and may be se
cured beneath the bed board 23 and to the internal sur
faces of the side and end valance boards 24 and 25.
Metal or other roller -frames 28 are mounted in the bed
board 23, rotatably supporting rollers 29 which occupy
slots 39 in the bed board 23. Portions of the rollers 29
The invention has for an object to provide a new and 10 project upwardly above the upper surface of the bed board
November 24, 1958, Serial No. 776,018, now abandoned.
novel unit which permits of being 'wheeled to any door
23 to directly receive and support the casket shown in
while the casket still remains on the bier whereby at nar
row doors the pallbearers may stand on the outside and
after a novel form of latch is released the casket will roll
broken lines in FIGURE 3.
The rollers 29 may be conveniently composed of metal
or other bodies 33 about 'which are secured rubber or
into the hands of the pallbearers on the outside of the 15 other resilient coverings 34-.
Trunnions 36 of the rollers rotate in bearings of the
residence or other building.
frames 28 as appears in FIGURE 5. As shown in FIG
Another object of the invention is to provide a bier
URES 5 and 6 a number of sockets 39 in the high roller
which may be rolled valong the ?oor of a mortuary or
29 open out on an end of the roller and are distributed
undertaker's chapel or building or through the aisle of a
church lwhile the casket reposes on a roller bed forming 20 circularly about the axis of the roller, the same being o?set
from such axis. These sockets 39 are adapted to selective
the top portion of the bier with one at least of the rollers
ly receive therein a pin 41 introduced through a perfora
locked against rotation, all of 'which permits the casket
tion or perforations 40 in the framework, for instance in
with great facility to be moved about without the aid of
the parts 24-, 26. At its outer end the pin 4d is provided
pallbearers and singly by the undertaker or his assistant:
And then when 1the casket is to be taken up or down steps 25 with a knob '42 for convenience in manual grasping for
requiring carrying by the pallbearers, the roller may be
withdrawing and inserting the pin which is preferably
held captive loosely by a chain 60 attached to a part of the
released 'from its locked condition and the casket may be
bier.
readily rolled off the roller bed into the hands of the
The center support comprises a lower rail 43, an upper
pallbearers which are positioned at the end of the bier.
A further object of the invention is to provide a bier 30 rail 44, end uprights 45 and columns 46 erected between
the lower and upper rails 43 and 44 which columns may
which may be wheeled up to a hearse with the casket there- '
be hollow metal cylinders or pipes. Such hollow bodies
on and when released the casket Imay be rolled from the
have great supporting strength.
bier directly into the casket rack in the hearse.
The end supports are each composed of a lower rail 47,
With the foregoing and other objects in view, the inven
tion will be more fully described hereinafter, and will 35 an upper rail 48, end uprights 49 and columns 50 which
be more particularly pointed out in the claims appended
hereto.
In the drawings, -wherein like symbols refer to like or
may resemble the columns 46. The lengthwise disposition
of the center support 12 yand the transverse disposition of
the end supports 13 and 14 is such as not only to adequate
corresponding parts throughout the several views:
ly support the weight of caskets but also to resist all lateral
FIGURE 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken through
the bier.
a suitable decor in keeping With the solemnity of funerals.
In the use of the device, the bier cannot only be used
FIGURE 1 is a top isometric view of a bier construc-ted 40 or endwise strains that may be put upon the upper roller
bed 11.
in accordance with the present invention.
The structure is such that it may externally be given
FIGURE 2 is a bottom isometric view of the same.
FIGURE 4 is a cross sectional view taken on the line
for the display in the funeral parlor but with the casket
4-4 of FIGURE 3.
FIGU'RE 5 is a transverse sectional view through the
high roller taken on the line 5-5 of FIGURE 3.
thereon it may be pushed from the room without the use
of pallbearers.
It will also be understood by those skilled in the art
that the bier is so construeted that the casket may be
FIGURE 6 is a cross section taken on the line 6-6 of
50 removed from the funeral home through a narrow door
FIGURE 5.
which many times detracts from the sanctity of a funeral.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, l10 desig
The use of rubber rollers 29 makes the removal of
nates a wheeled platform, 11 a casket roller bed and 12
a center support between the platform 10 and the bed 11
with end supports 13 and 14 arranged transversely at the
end portions between the platform and bed.
the casket from the bier quiet, convenient and with a
minimum of effort. The simplicity of the casket setting
of the bier is not marked by unsightly clamps and me
and side and end boards 16 and 17 respectively which
chanical devices in view of the public. The rollers on
top of the bier are locked from a simple pin from the
rear which is easily operated, safe and out of view of
are secured to the sides and ends of the base board 15
the general public.
The wheeled platform 10, in one form thereof com
prises generally a substantially horizontal base board 15 ›
and depend therefrom so that they conceal the 'side and 60
end frame studs 18 and 19 which are secu-red to the lower
.
The roller 29 is the head or high roller and associated
with it i-s the pin or detent device 41 which acts, in
the inserted position of FIGURE 5, to lock this head
portion of the base board 15 and also preferably to the
roller against rotation. In the locked condition the head
side and end boards 16 and 17.
roller 29 prevents the casket from rolling. The head
The plat-form dt) is mounted upon Wheels or casters 20
carried in wheel mounts 21 af?xed to the studding 13 and 65 roller 29 is higher than the other three rollers 29a, 29b
and 29c because the greater part of the weight of the
19 or to other parts of the platform 10, preferably so that
casket is on the head end. This is also the reason why
the wheel mounts 21 and the major portions of the wheels
the head roller is shown to be set in from the adjacent
20 are both concealed by the side and end boards 16 and
end of the bier a greater distance than that of the foot
17 which latter exteriorly may be given a decorative ap
70 roller 29° from the foot end. A satisfactory arrange
pearance.
In one form the casket roller bed 11 may consist of a
substantially horizontal bed board 23 having side and end
ment 'has been to locate the high roller 29 an approxi
mate distance of six inches inwardly from the head end
o
8,o87,84.8
3
4
and to locate the foot roller 29° substantially one and
one-half inches inwardly of the foot end of the bier.
The high roller 29 on the head end has preferably
four sockets 39 so that the casket will only have to
be moved a minimum to bring a socket into alignment
with perforation 40 for insertion of the pin 41 to effect
locking of the roller 29 and the casket against move
a one-man operation without the aid of pallbearers the
bier with closed casket may be wheeled to a hearse and
the casket transferred from the bier directly to the
hearse, a novel bier comprising a platform, ?oor-engag
ing wheels on which the platform is supported for roll
ing movement, a roller bed having head and foot ends
and intermediate parts therebetween, supports on the
ment.
platform for receiving and supporting the roller bed,
The head roller is elevated approximately three-eighths
intermediate and foot rollers rotatably supported trans
of an inch above the horizontal plane of the peripheries 10 versely from the bed at the intermediate and foot parts
of the companion rollers 29°, 29b and 29°, although this
thereof and having uppermost portions lying in a com
dimension is not critical. It su?ices if the head roller 29
mon horizontal plane spaced above the bed, a head
is higher than the remaining rollers or, in other words, is
raised higher above the plane of the roller platform 11.
roller rotatably supported transversely from the bed at
the head end thereof and having its uppermost portion
With this construction when a ?at bottom casket is on
spaced above said common horizontal plane for receiv
the bier, as indicated in FIGURE 3, it rests only on the
ing the head end portion of the casket and cooperating
head roller 29 and the roller 29° at the foot of the bier.
with the foot roller to wholly support between them the
There is a distance of approximately ?ve feet from the
casket in the rest position thereof on the bier in which
head roller 29 to the foot roller 29° and the inclination
the bottom of the casket is spaced above the intermedi
of three-eighths of an inch is not suf?cient for the casket 20 ate rollers and receives no support therefrom during the
to roll even when the head roller 29 is unlocked. Since
viewing period and transferring operation and in which
the casket rests only upon the two rollers there is suf?
the casket is supported at a declination from head to
cient weight or center of gravity which holds the cas
foot with a gravitatíonal tendency to roll with the foot
ket much better than when it is lying on four rollers all
end leading and the head end trailing, detachable rota
in the one plane and having only one lock. When all 25 tion arresting means between the bed and at least one
rollers are on the same level and only one locked, there is
of the rollers supporting the casket in the rest position
ordinarily insu?icient locking to prevent the casket from
for preventing movement of the casket in such position,
said bier being open from end to end to permit the oper
Hence when the casket is in the position of FIGURE
ator, after rolling the same to the hearse and alining
3 it is supported only by the two rollers 29 and 29° and 30 the foot end of the bed with the hearse casket-receiving
the bottom of the casket is above the peripheries of the
rack, and after detaching the rotation arresting means, to
intermediate rollers 29a and 29”. These latter interme
lay at least one hand on the casket to push the casket
diate rollers 29a and 29b are utilized only in putting a
from the head end toward the hearse during which move
casket on and removing it from the bier. When a casket
ment the head end of the casket drops off the head roller
rolling.
is removed from the bier it moves a distance of the order 35 onto the intermediate rollers whereupon the casket as
sumes a more nearly horizontal position in substantial
29 and on to the other three rollers which are all of the
registration with the hearse casket rack.
same height. If the center rollers 29a and 29b were not
2. A novel bier as claimed in claim l in which the
of two feet rearwardly until it drops off the head roller
present the pallbearers would have to support the weight
roller platform is also open from side to side to permit
of the casket the rest of the way olf the bier. In putting 40 the operator to walk along the side of the bier keeping
a casket on the bier it is rolled to the head roller 29
a hand on the casket and applying pushing pressure
and merely lifted three-eighths of an inch upon the same.
where needed as the latter moves from the bier com
If this were not so, the casket would have to be lifted
pletely into the hearse rack.
all the way across the bier as the only means of setting
3. A novel bier as claimed in claim 1 in which said
it on the bier. The increase in height of the head roller 45 detachable rotation arresting means in applied position
29 may be accomplished in a number of ways, for in
is located wholly below the uppermost portions of the
stance, it may be of the same diameter as the Companion
rollers and is oriented for application and detachment
rollers but set somewhat higher in its mounting; or the
in a direction substantially parallel to the axis of the
head roller 29 may be of a diameter greater than that
roller to which applied.
of the Companion rollers.
The rollers or casters 20 on the base frame are useful
50
for transporting the bier from one place to another in
the funeral home. The bier may be pushed on these
rollers 20 through a narrow door without the aid of
pallbearers and the casket may then be transported
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
from the bier to a hearse with a minimum effort.
87,570
653,942
Joyce _______________ __ Mar. 9, 1869
Willis et al. __________ __ July 17, 1900
1,573,398
' Grif?th _____________ __ Feb. 16, 1926
Although I have disclosed herein the best form of the
1,953,900
Wolters _____________ __ Apr. 3, 1934
invention known to me at this time, I reserve the right
to all such modi?cations and changes as may come
2,584,240
Stewart _____________ __ Feb. 5, 1952
2,674,102
2,805,786
Stile _______________ __ Apr. 6, 1954
Green ______________ __ Sept. 10, 1957
897
Great Britain ________ __ Nov. 16, 1901
1,064,9l0
Germany ____________ __ Sept. 10, 1959
within the scope of the following claims.
What is claimed is:
60
FOREIGN PATENTS
1. For use in a new technique in undertaker practice
by which, after the body in the open casket has been
supported on a bier for viewing purposes, wholly by
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