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Патент USA US3037668

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June 5, 1962
w. H. scHRAY >E'l' AL
6 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Dec. 23, 1959
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June 5, 1962
Filed Dec. 23, 1959
6 Sheets-Sheet 2
June 5, 1962
w. H. scHRAY l-:TAL
Filed Deo. 23, 1959
6 Sheets-Sheet 3
June 5, 1962
Filed Dec. 25, 1959
6 Sheets-Sheet 4
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June 5, 1962
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Filed Dec. 25, 1959
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Patented June 5, 1962
chase, or tear the six pack carrier to remove fewer than
six bottles. Other problems arise in attempting to stack
conventional six pack carriers to form a merchandise dis
Walter H. Schray and Russell H. Randolph, Battle Creek,
Mich., assignors to United Steel & Wire Company,
play since the bottom of the carrier is relatively small in
area resulting in a lack of stability.
Battle Creek, Mich., a corporation of Michigan
Filed Dec. 23, 1959, Ser. N0. 861,641
It is with the above problems and desiderata in mind
that the present means have been evolved, means pro
viding a bottle case structure formed of a sturdy material
10 Claims. (Cl. 220-17)
not subject -to deterioration by conventional cleaning and
This invention relates to shipping packages, more par
ticularly to packaging means facilitating the shipment of 10 sterilizing processes; light in weight so as to minimize
loads; having no contaminable crevices; readily stackable
bottled merchandise from the bottling plant to the dis
into a merchandise display; and1 functioning to permit
tribution outlet, and from the distribution outlet to the
the consumer to remove as many individual bottles as
consumer. The novel package here provided permits re
desired, or to remove groupings of a plurality of these
moval of individual bottles from the package, removal
of a plurality of bottles as a group, and further imple
ments the stacking of a plurality of groups of bottles into
a floor or counter display.
Notwithstanding the advent of cans, a variety of mer
chandise is still distributed in glass containers to fullill
consumer demand. These glass containers present cer
tain handling diñiculties because of the frangible nature
of the glass, so that any shipping packages or recepta«
cles evolved for use in the shipment of these glass con
bottles -in a carrier which will function to permit the
consumer to carry the selected grouping.
It is accordingly a primary object of this invention to
provide »a novel combined bottle carrier and case.
Another important object of the invention is to provide
a bottle package securely maintaining a plurality of bot
tles which may be removed individually or in groups;
and which provides a carrier for the bottles when they
lare removed in groups,
An additional object of this invention is to provide a
trainers must maintain the bottles in a relatively isolated
condition since surface contact between bottles tends to 25 bottle carrying case in which a plurality of bottles may
be maintained without surface contact therebetween.
promote breakage. Additionally it is desirable that any
, A further object of the invention is -to provide an im
portions of the packaging coming into contact with the
proved bottle carrier of a sturdy relatively indestructible
bottle surface have a resilient quality to provide a cush
rigid nature, of light weight, and having no dirt accu
ioning effect. As in the case of all packaging, the struc
ture should be of a simple, readily maintainable nature, 30 mulating crevices.
A further object of this invention is to provide a bottle
having minimal weight.
carrying case formed of a material other than Wood
With these considerations in mind, compartmentalized
which is compatible (i.e. subject to being handled by the
wooden cases have been developed in which the bottles
Same type of equipment and intermingled `for stacking)
are retained in relative' isolation 'one from the other, but
with conventional wooden cases.
readily accessible for removal. Diñiculties are, however,
It is also an object of the invention to provide nove
encountered in the use of these wooden cases due to the
means `for forming cases of wire, `compatible with similar
fact that the cases must be cleaned «at periodic intervals.
cases of wood.
This cleaning is eifected by subjecting the cases to a ster
A further object oi' the invention is to provide a novel
ilizing bath which generally saturates the wood resulting
in unsightly appearance and relatively rapid deterioration 40 bottle carrier which may readilyl be stacked with _a plu
rality of similar loaded carriers.
of the case.
Another object is to provide a carrier for a group of
Among merchandise for which there isstill a con
a plurality of bottles which may be stacked securely over
sumer demand in bottles are bever-ages such as soft
Ia similar group of bottles.
drinks. In the distribution of bottled beverages, it has
Another object of the invention is to provide a bottle
been found that packaging of six bottles in a container
serves to increase the rate at which `the merchandise is
carrier which may be re-used.
purchased by the consumer in the stores. Thus whereas
the average shopper may purchase one or two bottles
of a beverage where these are presented individually,
a bottle case and carrier in which the carrier may be
selectively combined with the case so that the combined
An `additional object of the invention is to provide
the presentation of `a so called six pack results in a sale 50 structure may be utilized to implement the distribution
of individual bottles, or groups of bottles as contained
of six bottles which can readily be carried by the pur
in the carrier.
chaser. To this end a cardboard six pack carrier has
These and other objects of the invention which will
been developed. The case in which the cardboard six
' become hereafter more .apparent are achieved by the pro
bottle carriers are shipped from the bottler to the dis
vision of a bottle case formed of wire. The novel case
tribution point is conventionally fabricated of wood land
is designed to carry four of these six pack units. The
is fabricated from a plurality of crossed- relatively thin
dimensions of this siX pack case are the same as those
gauge wires to form an outer case.
of the yconventional 24 compartment case generally used
signed for removable insertion in this wire case are Simi
in distributing individual bottles to the consumer so that
a case containing four six packs and a oase containing 24
individual bottles may be readily stacked in the same
larly formed of wire. The carriers are compartmenta
The aforementioned difficulties present in the cleaning
of the wooden cases are further increased when card
Bottle carriers de
lized to hold a plurality of bottles, and the case is com
partmentalized to hold a plurality of carriers. The car
rier is then removably secured in the case so that indi
vidual bottles may be removed from the carrier, or the
carrier may be removed from the case with a plurality of
bottles facilitating shopping and the formation of mer~
board six pack carriers are employed since the cardboard 65
chandise displays.
carrier is wetted by the moisture in the wooden case
An important feature of the invention resides in the
and often disintegrates during shipment. Additionally the
provision of connecting means between the carrier and
conventional paperboard six pack is often found to re
the case so as to provide for secure maintenance of the
tain dirt and vermin in its crevices, and though the siX
pack container generally serves to increase sales of the 70 carrier in the case during shipment, or filling of the case
with bottles, and at >the same time permitting ready re
bottled beverages, consumers may not desire six bottles
moval of the carrier if desired.
of the beverage in which case they either forgo the pur
Another feature of the invention resides in the wire
construction of the case which though fabricated of
lighter and thinner materials than the conventlonal
wooden case is readily intermingled and stacked with
more apparent. Anti-longitudinal shift wires 20 extend
along at least a part of the longitudinal extremities of
bottom 11 and in the illustrated embodiment of the in
vention are formed of the same gauge `as lateral wires
presently employed wooden cases, and subject to being Ul I3. However, they are positioned beneath longitudinal
handled by the same equipment as that used for existing
A further feature of the invention resides .1n the
dimples and wire of the carrier arranged to resiliently
support the bottles in an isolated condition.
It is also a feature of the invention that the case
wires 12 so as to extend beneath the surface of bottom
End plates 2l are formed of a sheet material such as
steel or the like and are provided with a peripheral ñange
10 22, recessed center part 23, a welding emboss 24 and a
though having maximum utility in combination with the
t’inger aperture 25 arranged in the recessed center part
23. A linger flange 26 is arranged about finger aperture
novel bottle carrier may be utilized with a variety' of
other types of carriers or may be utilized Without carrlers
bottom and side wall structure previously described.
This is accomplished by fastening the ears 14 and 1S
respectively to the welding einboss 24 by welding or the
In connection with the type of case illustrated in the
drawings, compartmentalization of the case is provided
as a stacking case.
The invention will be particularly pointed out in clear,
concise and exact terms in conjunction with the accom
panying drawings; wherein:
FIG. l is a perspective view of the novel case contam
ing four carriers;
FIG. 2 is a perspective View of the carrier utilized 1n
End plates 21 are secured one .at each end to the
by means of top longitudinally extending separator 30
and top laterally extending separator 31, of which there
the combination illustrated in FIG. l;
FIG. 3 is a bottom plan View looking up at the bottom
of the carrier illustrated in FIG. 2, and showing the
are two. The ends of the longitudinally extending sep
arators 30 are suitably secured to the peripheral ñange 22
of end plates 2l, and the ends of separators 31 are se
details of the engaging clips;
cured to the uppermost horizontal wire 17 of sides 16 in
FIG. 4 is a top plan view looking down at the top of
any suitable fashion by welding or the like.
the case;
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS.
FIG. 5 is .a cross sectional view taken on line 5_5 of
1_6, retaining means in the form of an engaging bar 35
FIG. l illustrating how the carrier is removably engaged
is secured to the top part of bottom 1l. The engaging
in the case;
30 bar as best seen in FiG. 6 is formed in the shape of a
FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view on line 6_6 of FIG.5;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view with parts broken away
of a novel package showing a modiñed interlock between
carrier and case;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of .a modified carrier suit
able for use in combination with the novel case;
FiG. 9 is an end elevational view of the carrier of
vertically extending plate having rounded ends 36. The
bar is secured to laterally extending wires 13 of the bot
tom li. in any suitable fashion as by welding or the like.
In the drawings, four engaging bars 3S are shown located
in the case l@ along a line lying through the center plane
of the carriers 4i? in conjunction with which the case is
FIG. 8; and
FIG. 10 is a side elevational view of the carrier of
FIG. 8.
Referring now to the drawings, like numerals in the
various figures are employed to designate like parts.
The carrier 40, as best seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, is formed
with a bottom wall 41 comprising a plurality of parallel
The novel case 1€) is of a rectangular configuration.
As best seen in FIGS. l and 4, case 10 is formed with
wires 43 at their point of crossing by welding or the like.
The lateral wires are formed with three dimples. Two
a bottom wall 1_1 comprising a plurality of spaced paral
lel longitudinally extending wires 12 crossed by a plu
rality of similar gauge laterally extending wires 13. The
spacing between longitudinal wires 12 may be selected of
any desired dimension. In the illustrated embodiment
this spacing is such as to form tracks for the skate wheels
of a roller skate conveyor. Presently employed roller
conveyors require a spacing of 2li/32” between wires.
Other spacings may however be employed. The wires
are rigidly secured to each other at their point of cross
ing by any suitable fastening means such as welding or
the like. The ends of longitudinal wires 12 .are bent
upwardly at right angles and snipped olf to form bottom
ears 14 as seen to the left in FIG. 1, for a purpose to be
madeV hereinafter more apparent. The laterally- extend
ing wires 13 which are arranged to lie over the top of
the longitudinally extending wires are spaced apart at a
distance greater than the spacing between wires 12, and
are extended upwardly in a vertical plane to form ver
tical wires i5 of sides 16 of the case 10. Horizontal
wires 17 are then extended perpendicular to the vertical
spaced longitudinal wires 42 `extending beneath lateral
wires 43|. The longitudinal wires have a length equal
to the length of the carrier, and are secured to the lateral
minor dimples 44 are arranged on each side of a major
`dimple 4S. Extending longitudinally along the apex of
the major dimples 4S and secured thereto is a separator
rod 46 which lies in a longitudinal axial plane of the car
rier 40.
The lateral wires 43 employed in the formation of the
bottom Wall 11 of carrier 4t) are arranged to extend one
on each side of each laterally extending row of bottles for
which the carrier is designed, and the longitudinal wires
42 are arranged to provide maximum bottom support for
each longitudinal row of bottles for which the carrier is
designed. Thus in connection with a carrier designed to
carry six bottles «as illustrated, four lateral wires 43,
one on each side of the three laterally extending rows,
will be employed and two longitudinal wires 42, two
beneath each longitudinal row.
The side walls 47 of carrier 4t) are formed in the pre
ferred `embodiment as vertical extensions of lateral wires
43. Thus as illustrated, there 'are four vertically extend
ing wires 48 which are maintained in a spaced parallel
relationship by means of horizontal wires 49 extending
wires l5 and arranged to lie thereacross. At the point 65 thereacross. Two horizontal wires are employed, an
of crossing, a secure joint is formed between the vertical
upper horizontal wire and a lower horizontal wire which
and horizontal wires by welding or the like. The ends
as will become apparent serve to retain any bottles in
of horizontal wires 17 are bent inwardly at right angles
the carrier. An upper wall 50 is formed by extending
to form side ears 18.
vertical wires 48 substantially horizontally to form upper
Extending longitudinally along the edge of bottom 11 70 wall separators 51. Upper wall longitudinal wires 52
are anti-lateral shift wires i9 as best seen in FIG. 5.
These wires 19 are of a thicker gauge than the Wires
forming the bottom 11 so that they extend slightly be
extend «across separators 51 and are secured thereto, one
longitudinal wire S2 on each side of a medial longitudinally
extending vertical plane through carrier 40. A handle
neath bottom 11 for a purpose to become hereinafter 75 structure 55 is formed by extending the end separator
Wires 51 upwardly into the shape illustrated and joining
these extensions to form a rigid structure.
Retaining means in the form of C-shaped clips S6 as
best seen in FIGS. 2 and 3 are -arranged beneath bottom
wall 41 of carrier 4t)` to permit removable securement of
the carrier ‘40 in case 10. These clips 56 are formed with
a spring part 57 and support part 58. Support part 58
is secured by welding, or the like, to longitudinal Wires
42 at points shown with a welding iillet. The spring part
57 is supported only by support part 58, and the spacing
between the spring parts 57 of the two clips 56 provided
on each carrier is such that engaging bar 3S may be
v pressed therebetween.
The length of spring part 57v is
such that the tops of -two bottles beneath the carrier may
sameA minimizing the transmission of forces to the bottle
from the case as normally occurs during shipment. Thus
lateral shifting of the bottles in carrier 40* is cushioned by
means of dimples 44, horizontal wires 49* and separators
51; and in carrier 80 extensions 92 and separator piece
100 cushion the bottles in each compartment.
In use, the conventional case designed to accommodate
Z4 bottles is provided with four six pack carriers formed
as illustrated in the drawings, the carriers are removably
secured into the case in the FIG. 1~6, and 8-10 em
bodiments by engaging spring clips 56 against engaging
bar 35 so that spring part 57 of clip 56> rides over ends
36 of engaging bar 35; and in the FIG. 7 structure by
causing clip 15 to engage the case sidewall. The case
be embraced between the arcuate parts of the C so that
and carrier are then put through the bottling machinery
stacking will be implemented.
which deposits a bottle in each compartment of the car
In the FIG. 7 embodiment of the invention, modiiied re
taining means have been employed for removably se
curing the carrier in the case. A dimpled clip 65 is ar
ranged in the case adjacent the corners of the case com
partments so as to permit the clip to engage lower hori
zontal Wire 49 .of side walls 47 causing engagement of
the carrier in the case. This arrangement provides for a
relatively smooth bottom surface within case 10 so that
rier. vIt will be noted that the spacing between longi
tudinal wires 12 is such that the case may readily be
handled on the conventional roller skate conveyor and
20 in fact implements travel over these conveyors since the
-wires -12 form tracks. Thereafter the iilled case and
carrier are shipped to the point 'of distribution, such as
a supermarket or the like.
At the market, different merchandising `displays are
cardboard six packs not having a central line of cleavage 25 employed. Generally a stack is formed to provide a dis
play. This stack is most readily -formed with the instant
may be supported in the case if desired.
packaging by removing the carriers from the case and
The embodiment of the carrier 80 illustrated in FIGS.
arnanging them one above the other. The C shaped spring
8-10 is formed with a bottom Wall 81 similar to previously
at the bottom of the carrier gri-ps the tops of two lower
described bottom wall 41 save that minor dimples 44
may be eliminated. Side walls 87 are identical to walls 30 bottles to provide for a relatively rigid stack. The stack
may be `formed either by superposing the carriers with
47, and upper wall 90 is like upper wall 50.
the bottles in parallel rows or `an interlocked stack may
To insure compartmentalization of the carrier, handle
be formed by cross stacking. It is yalso apparent that in
91 is formed with an S-shaped `downward extension 92
the absence of stacked merchandise displays, the customer
at each end. These S-shaped extensions are arranged in
a medial vertical plane separating the longitudinal com 35 may either select a carrier containing six bottles, and
remove same from the case by gripping handle 55 and
partments of the carrier. The left hand S-shaped ex
pulling upwardly to release same from the case, or in
tension 92 as viewed in FIG. l0 is clipped off and joined
dividual bottles may be removed depending on the needs
to a vertical `leg of the right hand extension. The bot
or” the consumer.
tom of the right hand extension and the lower reverse
In connection with the FIG. 6 embodiment of the in
bends are suitably secured by welding or the like to sepa 40
ì vention, removable securement of the carrier in the case
rator rod 96 lying along the apex of the dirnple in bot
is accomplished by causing clip 65 to ride over the
tom wall 81. It will be observed ythat a vertical leg 93
lower horizontal sidewall wire `49.
of extensions 92 lies substantially along the center of
-It is thus seen that novel bottle packaging means have
the sides of each compartment of the case, and spring
been provided which provide and improve the functions
45 off a six pack carrier or a 24 lbottle case. The deteriora
bent top portion 9‘5 of the extensions 9‘2.
tion and dirt accumulation encountered with conventional
A downward curved separator piece 100i is extended
structures formed of wood `and cardboard is eliminated
from each separator wire forming the upper wall 90.
and the benefits `of strength and light weight derived
Each separator piece has a portion lying in the center
from the utilization of wire »are provided. Thus a light
of the side of the compartment. The lower end of each
separator piece 100 is secured to the lateral wires of the 50 weight, readily cleanable readily stackable structure re
sults having a substantially longer `life than previously
bottom wall 81, and the top of each separator piece 100
available, increasing the cushioning eilect desired in the
is secured to the bent top portions 95 at the center of
extensions 92, and at the top of inclined leg portion 9‘4.
shipment of ?ran‘gible merchandise, and at the same time
utilizable in conjunction with presently employed bottling
C-shaped spring clips 56 as disclosed in connection with
the FIG. 1_6 embodiment are shown employed in the 55 equipment or bottle carriers.
bottom of carrier 80. The dimpled clip 65 of the FIG.
The »above disclosure has been `given by way of illus
7 structure may alternatively be utilized.
tration and elucidation, and not by way of limitation,
A plate 10‘5 may be secured to the sidewalls of the
yand it is desired tol protect all embodiments of the herein
action is provided by the inclined leg portion 94 and
case as shown on the far side of FIG. 8 for containing
disclosed inventive concept within the scope of the ap
ad copy or the like indicia.
pended claims.
What is claimed is:
l. Shipping package means lfor bottles and the like
The aforedescribed case 10 and carrier 4t! or 80 may
frangible articles, said package means comprising: carrier
be utilized in the distribution of bottles and serves to
means retaining a plurality of the articles to `be shipped;
maintain a plurality of individual bottles in a relatively 65 case means within which ya plurality of said carrier means
secure isolated condition with no glass to glass contact
may be positioned; separator means forming part of said
between bottles. Individual bottles may be removed from
case means and deíining a plurality or compartments
the case, or a plurality of bottles may be removed with
within which said `carrier means may be maintained in
a carrier and the carrier readily stacked on other loaded
70 isolation; and retaining means between said case means
carriers to form a display.
and said carrier means permitting detachable securement
It will be observed that a compartment is provided for
of said carrier means within said case means, whereby
each bottle with no surface contact between bottles. The
a plurality of articles may be simultaneously removed
portions of the novel packaging which contact the bottles
from the case means by removal of said carrier means
are formed of a spring like resilient material which serve
to separate the bottles from each other and cushion 75 along with the articles retained therein, or individual
articles may be selectively removed from their position
cluding in combination a supporting framework corn
prising: a wire carrier having a plurality of bottle re
dimples; handle means on said carrier implementing .the
handling thereof; a case for carrying a plurality of car
riers; a bottom wall formed by crossed longitudinal and
lateral wires on said case; anti-shift wires arranged to
UX extend between the lowermost surface of said bottom
eiving cells therein; ya case comprising rigid bottom, side,
wall adjacent its bounds; sides upstanding from the edges
within the carrier means.
2. A shipping yand transporting package for bottles in
and end walls enclosing said carrier; and a retaining
member extending between said case and said carrier for
removable securement of said carrier within said case,
said retaining means comprising: a spring on the bottom 10
of said carrier; and an engaging bar adapted for engage
ment by said spring on the bottom of said case.
3. A shipping and transporting package for bottles
including in combination a supporting framework com
prising: a wire carrier having a plurality of bottle re
of said bottom wall, said sides `formed by cross vertically
extending and horizontally extending wires; plates se
cured to the extremities of said horizontally extending
and longitudinally extending wires; and separator wires
extending across the top of said case to form a plurality
of compartments of a size to accommodate said carriers,
whereby a plurality of articles may be maintained in
isolation for removal individually `or as groups in said
ceiving cells therein; a case comprising rigid bottom, side,
and end walls enclosing said carrier; and a retaining
7. A bottle carrier case for carrying a plurality of
groups of bottles, said case comprising: a bottom wall
member extending between said case and said carrier for
removable securement of said carrier within said case,
formed by crossed longitudinal and lateral Wires; anti
carrier, `a compartmentalized case formed to receive a
said case to form a plurality of compartments of a size to
shift wires arranged to extend beneath the lowermost sur
said retaining means comprising: ta clip upstanding lfrom 20 face of said bottom wall adjacent its bounds; sides upstand
the bottom wall of said case adapted for engagement with
ing from the edges of said bottom Wall, said sides formed
the side walls of said carrier.
by crossed vertically extending and horizontally extending
4. A shipping package for bottles and the like frangible
wires; end plates secured to the extremities of said hori
articles, said package comprising: «a compartmentalized
zontally extending and longitudinally extending wires re
carrier formed of crossed wires; a wire handle on said 25 spectively; separator wires extending across the top of
plurality of said carriers one in each compartment of
accommodate carriers for a plurality of bottles retained
said case; an engaging bar formed within said case; and
in a unitary group; and retaining means in said case for
`an engaging clip on said carrier detachably gripping
detachably gripping any carrier positioned therein.
said engaging bar to permit removable positioning of 30
8. A bottle carrier comprising: a bottom wall formed
said carrier within said case, whereby the package may
by a plurality of crossing transversely and longitudinally
be utilized for the shipment of a plurality of individual
extending wires, some of said wires formed with dimples
bottles, or -a plurality of groups of bottles as retained in
serving to define the bounds of a plurality of compart
said carrier.
ments within said carrier; side walls upstanding from the
5. A shipping package for bottles and the like frangible
edges of said bottom wall; an upper Wall formed by a plu
articles, said package comprising: a compartmentalized
rality of separators extending between the compartments
carrier formed of crossed wires; a wire handle on said
delined by said dimples; and handle means on said carrier
carrier; a lower horizontally extending wire `forming part
implementing the handling thereof.
of the side walls of said carrier; «a compartmentalized
9. A carrier as in claim 8 in which C-shaped clips are
case formed to receive a plurality of said carriers one in 40 formed on said bottom wall, the distance between the
each compartment of said case; a retaining clip secured
arcuate portions of the clips being such as to embrace the
within the case at least one in each compartment along
an edge thereof to engage said lower horizontal wire to
tops of two bottles positioned beneath the carrier, whereby
stacking will be implemented.
permit removable positioning of said carrier within said
case, whereby the package may be utilized for the ship
by a plurality of crossing transversely and longitudinally
ment of a plurality of individual bottles or a plurality
of groups of bottles as retained in said carrier.
10. A bottle carrier comprising: a bottom wall formed
extending wires; side walls upstanding from the edges
of said bottom wall; an upper Wall formed by a plurality
6. A shipping package for bottles and the like frangible
of separator wires extending between the desired compart
ments in said carrier; a separator piece downwardly ex
articlesfsaid package comprising: a carrier having a bot
tom wall formed by a plurality of crossing transversely 50 tending from each top wall separato-r wire between the
compartments defined by said separator wires; a handle
and longitudinally extending wires; «dimples in said lat
erally extending wires deiining the bounds of a plurality
membel- secured to said carrier; and downwardly extend
of compartments within said carrier and separating the
ing S-shaped extensions on said handle, said extensions
arranged in a vertical plane between the compartments
bottles in a longitudinally extending row one from the
other; a separator rod extending longitudinally between 55 of said carrier.
laterally extending rows of articles; side walls upstanding
from the edges of said bottom wall, said side walls
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
formed by a plurality of crossing vertically extending and
horizontally extending wires, the vertically extending
wires being extensions of the aforemetnioned transversely
Swartwout ___________ __ June 18, 1895
extending wires of said ‘bottom wall; an upper wall formed
Repetto ____________ __ Dec. 10, 1907
by a plurality of separator wires, each being an extension
yO’Dell ______________ __ Dec. 31, 1935
of the vertically extending wire of said side wall `and
Powell _____________ __ Apr. 19, 1949
extending between the compartments defined by sai-d
Dales _______________ __ Sept. 20, 1955’
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