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Патент USA US3037677

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June 5, 1962
V. N. JARRELL
3,03 7,668
VINE FEEDER
Filed Oct. 5, 1960
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INVENTOR
ATTORNEYS
June 5, 1962
v. N. JARRELL
3,037,668
VINE FEEDER
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INVENTOR
June 5, 1962
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VINE FEEDER
Filed Oct. 5. 1960
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June 5, 1962
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V. N. JARRELL
3,037,668
VINE FEEDER
Filed 001i. 5, 1960
8 Sheets-Sheet 7
INVENTOR
Vigil IIIe/drywall@
ATTORNEYS
June 5, 1962
v. N. .JARRELL
VINE FEEDER
Filed oct. 5, 1960
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United States Patent O
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3,@37ß63
Fatcnted June 5, 1962
2
FIGURE 9 is a perspective View of a portion of the in
put conveyor »and its drive means;
3,037,668
Virgil N. Jarrell, Viola, Del.
VINE FEEDER
FIGURE "10 is a side elevation of a somewhat modi
fied version of the feeder;
Filed Oct. 5, 1960, Ser. No. 60,719
18 Claims. (Cl. 222-56)
FIGURE 11 is a top plan view of the feeder shown in
FIGURE 10;
FIGURE 12 is a section taken on the line 12-12 of
This invention relates to loading machines, and par
ticularly to machines of the general type disclosed in my
FIGURE 10 illustrating the drive for the discharge con
veyors;
FIGURE 13 is a horizontal section through the dis
charge conveyor drive, taken on the line 13---13y of FIG
URE 10, and showing the drive set to discharge vines to
prior Patent No. 2,842,255, issued .Iuly 8, 1958, for feed
ing vines to apparatus for processing where it is desirable
to feed the vines at a uniform rate.
The :machine disclosed in Patent No. 2,842,255 in
cludes a delivery, or input, conveyor to bring vines into
the feeder, a discharge, or output, conveyor to carry vines
to the apparatus to be fed, and a transfer mechanism to
opposite sides of the feeder; and,
FIGURE 14 is a view similar to FIGURE 13 but illus
trating the drive set to discharge the vines to one side
only of the feeder.
Referring to the drawings in detail, and first turning to
that form of the invention shown in FIGURES 1 through
receive vines from the delivery conveyor, weigh them and
feed them at a uniform rate to the discharge conveyor.
The weight of the vines passing over the transfer mecha
9, it will be seen that the entire feeder is mounted upon
nisrn was utilized to regulate the speed of the input con
veyor to obtain a uniform feed rate. Above the transfer 20 a frame 1` which includes sills 2, vertical posts 3, inter
mediate horizontal members 4 and top rails 5. These
means there are distributors which act upon vines on the
elements form side frames which are joined and held in
transfer mechanism to level the vine load and push back
spaced relation by transverse members 6.
surplus quantities onto the delivery conveyor.
The general object of the present invention is to pro
Mounted upon the frame at the forward end is a bin 7
vide an improved machine of this general character.
25 into which vines to be fed are dumped, and which serves
as `a hopper, or storage chamber, for the feeder. The bin
A more specific object of the invention is to provide
has suitable ysides 8, a front Wall 9, and a floor 10. The
such a feeder wherein the transfer means will be responsive
back of the bin is open to allow free exit of vines. The
to both the weight and pressure of the vines being fed to
upper portions of the side walls flare outwardly for ease
it, to be more readily affected by fluctuations in the rate
of feed of the vines being carried to the transfer means 30 of loading, andthe front Wall is relatively low for the same
purpose. The front wall consists of a plurality of ver
and a more uniform feed.
tically extending, transversely spaced slats 1.1, fastened
Another object of the invention is to provide a feeder
to stringers 12 secured to the side walls. The slats are
wherein the input rate will be controlled both by pres
yare made _of angle irons which are mounted so as to pro
sure and weight upon the transfer means and `by the
height of the vine pile being fed to the transfer means so 35 vide Walls sloping toward the spaces between the slats to
allow trash to fall out freely when vines are dumped into
that a more even distribution of vines is possible.
the bin.
A further object is to provide a machine of this type
A conveyor 13 is mounted adjacent lthe bin bottom to
Where material being advanced over a relatively wide
move vines from the bin. The conveyor consists of a
area is concentrated into a predetermined area just prior
to discharge from the feeder so that the material in the 40 pair of chains 14, each mounted on sprockets 15 and 16
carried by shafts 17 and 18 journalled on the sills 2.
control area will be spread over a greater area for more
Shaft 18 is a driven shaft, and carries a drive mechanism
effective control.
19 which will be described later in detail, The upper
Yet another object is the provision of a feeder of this
flights of the chains ride over the floor 10, and the chains
general type wherein the material being fed is delivered to
a transfer means of considerable width and the output 45 are connected by cross-members 20. The cross-members
between the upper flights of the chains will slide over the
from the transfer means may be divided for feeding two
floor carrying vines out of the open end of the bin.
processing machines simultaneously, or directed to one
A transfer mechanism 21 is mounted in the frame adja
or the other of the processing machines at the will of the
cent the delivery end of the input conveyor 13‘. This
operator.
Other objects of the invention will become apparent
from the following description of practical embodiments
thereof, when taken in conjunction with the drawings
which accompany, and form part of, this specification.
50
consists of a pair of longitudinally extending, transversely
spaced feed chains 22 passing around a drum 23 and a
pair of sprockets 2,4. Drum 23 is mounted on a shaft 25,
and sprockets 24 are carried by shaft 26. These shafts
are supported upon the feeder frame in any suitable man
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a feeding machine 55 ner, with appropriate means for maintaining the chains
in -tight condition. The support may include -a pair of
embodying the principles of the present invention:
struts 27, mounted between end posts 3 and the horizontal
FIGURE 2 is a top plan View of the feeder;
frame member 4, and the chain tightener may be a con
FIGURE 3 is a rear elevation of the machine;
ventional screw type tightener 2S. A plurality of tooth
FIGURE 4 is a front elevation of the apparatus;
FIGURE 5 is a vertical, partial longitudinal section 60 bars 29 are carried by the chains 22 at equally spaced
points along the chains. The bars each carry -a number
on an enlarged scale, taken on the line 5-5 of FIG
of gently curving,- pointed pickup teeth 30. The teeth
URE 2;
are spaced equi-distant along the bars and transversely of
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary perspective View of a por
the transfer means, Each bar has a socket 31 at its lead
tion of the conveyor chain and one of the vine-engaging
members of the transfer means;
65 ing edge adjacent each end to ñt over pivot pins 32 car
ried by the chains 22. Thus, unlœs the tooth bars are
FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of the mechanism at
the `discharge end of the machine for concentrating the
vines being fed into «a central area and for discharging
supported, they will fall backwardly, swinging about
their pivots 32.
The tooth bars are brought to operative position,
them from that area;
FIGURE 8 is a side elevation of the drive means for the 70 wherein the teeth are rigidly held projecting outwardly
input conveyor, parts being broken away to more clearly
from the path of movement of the chains, by contact
show the operating parts;
with the underside of »the drum 23. As the chains begin
3,037,668
3
their upward travel around the drum, the weight of the
mass of vines is moved from the trough by means of an
ejector mechanism 45 out through an exit duct 46.
tooth bars will cause them to fall back tiat against the
drum surface. As the teeth begin to pick up vines from
the input conveyor at this point, the weight of the vines
The duct is formed by a pair of spaced side plates 47,
and a bottom which is composed of hinged plates 48 and
49. Plate 48 is hinged to the angle iron support 43, as
at 50, and plate 48 is hingedly connected, as at 51, to the
will tend to hold the bars even more tightly pressed
against the drum. There is a plate 33 extending the length
side plates 47. Referring to FIGURE 5 particularly,
of the upper flight `of chains 22 from the drum to the
it will be seen that the two plates overlap, and that the
sprockets 24 which is tangent to the surface of the drum
rear end of plate 49 lies upon the forward end of plate
and forms a continuation of that surface to provide a
support for the tooth bars to hold the teeth in operative 10 48. In view of the fact that the ltwo plates are mounted
at their opposed ends, downward swinging movement of
position while traveling from the drum to the sprockets.
the plates will result in separation of the two to provide
The end of plate 33 at the sprockets 24 is curved about
an emergency outlet for -vines in the event of jamming in
shaft 26 with a curvature of gradually diminishing radius,
the exit passageway. The two plates are held in their
as >at 34. This permits the tooth bars to gradually fall
normal, generally horizontal positions with plate 49 over
back as they move about the sprockets, so that `the teeth
lapping and resting upon plate 48, by means of a pair
will move inwardly from the chain path and recede from
of coiled springs 52 connected to the outer downturned
the vines being carried by the teeth in a direction which
ends 53 of plate 48 and to brackets 54 mounted on the
is generally lengthwise of the teeth to permit the teeth to
outside of the side plates 47. An adjusting means 55 is
slip out of the vines being moved along the chain path
without disturbing the vine.
20 provided, so that the tensions of the springs can be varied
to change the pressure necessary to force the plates to
The vine feeding means of the transfer mechanism
open position.
is partially enclosed by a cover~ 35, which extends over
In order to concentrate the vines within the trough 44
the top flight of the chains 22, overlies guide plate 33 and
and bring them to the exit, a pair of screw type conveyors
curves about the front part of the drum 23; This cover
serves a two-fold purpose, and acts'as a' floor over which 25 56 are provided mounted upon a shaft 57, and extending
transversely of the machine within the trough on oppo
the vines will be moved through the feeder and as a con
site sides of the center line of the machine. Each of
trol mechanism to determine the rate of feed of the input
the conveyors is composed of a cylindrical center por
conveyor 13.
tion 58 which carries a vane 59 arranged about it in a
The cover consists of a plurality of stripsv36 which
extend longitudinally of the feeder and lie in parallel 30 spiral path. The vanes of the two conveyors will be
oppositely positioned so that rotation of the shaft 57 will
spaced relation transversely of the feeder. The spaced
cause the two conveyors to feed vines toward the center
strips define a plurality of parallel slots 37 through which
of the machine.
»the vine feeding fingers 30 travel as they move around
Shaft 57 is discontinuous intermediate the conveyor
the forward arc of drum 23 and along the top flight of
elements to provide space for a two-throw crank 60. The
the feed chain. The strips are joined at their rearward,
crank is formed by means of a disk 61, concentric to
or upper, ends to the front edge of a rearwardly declin
the axes of the cylindrical portions of the conveyors and
ing shelf 38. Each strip has a depending pedestal 39
spaced centrally between them, and a pair of stub shafts
at its forward, or lower, end, with all of the pedestals
62 having their ends connected to the cylinders and disk
being joined to a transverse support bar 40. Bar 40 is
pivoted at its ends to the lower ends of hanger straps 41, 40 61 and offset from the common axis of the cylinders and
disk at diametrically opposed locations to position the
which straps are pivotally connected at their upper ends,
throws of the crank spaced 180° from one another.
as at 42 to the intermediate horizontal frame members 4.
The crank is used to impart a tramping action to a
Due to the connection of the cover to the pivoted hanger
'pair of vine ejectors 63. The ejectors consist of horizon
tally positioned shoes 64, which are channel shaped in
straps, the entire cover is free to move in a fore and
aft direction relative to the feeder. Shelf 38 lies upon
`a transversely extending angle member 43 so that it may
transverse cross section and have a plurality of down
wardly extending fingers 65, and forwardly inclined
slide freely relative to its support >as the cover moves
mounting arms 66. Arms 66 are connected by bear
ings 67 to the throws of cranks 60. This provides a
It will be obvious, that as the teeth 30 move across
pivotal mount on the crank for the ejectors. The for
the bottom arc of the drum and swing into» operative posi
ward ends of the mounting arms are connected by means
tion, -they will enter slots 37 with their major portions
of bearings 68 to the throws 69 of a crank 70. Crank
projecting beyond the cover to engage vines being fed by
70 is journalled at 71 on the top rail 5 of the feeder
the input conveyor and lift them to the -top of the drum
frame. The throws of the crankshafts 70l and 60 have
and along the upper surface of the cover strips. The
forward edge of the inclined shelf 38 is so positioned 55 identical movement, and are identically oriented. Due
to this arrangement the shoes of the two ejectors will
relative to the curving portion 34 of the plate 33 that it
move
in vertically circular paths of identical radius and
will act in conjunction with the curving portion of the
in the same direction but their cycles of operation ,will be
plate to hold the teeth against further advancing move
180° out of phase. In order to provide for identical rota
ment, so that they will slip freely and quickly out of the
tion
of the two cranks, shaft 57 is provided with a crank
60
mass of vines being moved along the cover strips. The
arm 72 and crankshaft 70 `is provided with an identical
longitudinally of the frame.
vine mass will slide, or be pushed by following vines,
down shelf 38 into a trough 44.
It will be understood that the entire surface of the
transfer mechanism cover will be utilized -as a floor for
the advancing vine mass and, therefore, the vines will
fall into trough 44 along the full width of the machine
crank arm 73.
The two crank arms are joined by a
connecting rod 74. Thus, the two shafts will be com
pelled to operate in unison.
65
It is necessary that some means be provided for re
moving any excess in the vine mass which is picked up
by the teeth 30 and carried up to the top of drum 23 to
and at a uniform rate. In order to increase the feeding
ensure the feeding of a blanket of uniform depth. In
capacity of the machine and yet maintain the vine
order to accomplish this, a distributor mechanism 75 is
blanket moving over the transfer mechanism cover at a 70 mounted upon Áthe frame over the transfer mechanism,
relatively low depth, the machine is made considerably
having movable distributor arms 76 located above the
wider than the input end of the apparatus to be fed, and
drum 23. There are a plurality of distributor arms
means are provided for condensing vines entering the
occupying, and movable in, parallel vertical planes, and
trough 44 to a mass which will not exceed in width the
connected in pairs to a plurality of distributor bars 77
entrance end of the apparatus being fed. » The condensed 75 which are pivotally connected at their rearmost ends to
3,037,668
5
5
a pivot shaft 78. The shaft is suitably mounted in sup
ports ’79 on top of the feeder frame. The distributor
if an excess of vines is fed by the rinput conveyor against
the down-curving end of the cover 35, the pressure
against the cover will be increased and the cover will
arms are pivotally connected to the forward ends of the
distributor bars by means of pivots 80 which pass through
the forward ends of the bars and the upper portions of
the distributor arms. At points intermediate their lengths,
move rearwardly swinging upon its suspension straps 4l.
Ithe distributor arms are connected to cranks 81 of a
crankshaft 82. The crankshaft is journalled in bearings
83 supported upon the top of the frame. Crankshaft 82
may take any appropriate form, but it has been found
convenient to fabricate it from a plurality of triangular
plates 84 interconnected by pins which »form the crank
elements 81 of the shaft. The distributor arms are con
nected to the crank elements by means of bearing blocks
85.
By referring to FIGURE 5 of the drawing, it will be
The apron 38 will slide over the support 43 as the cover
moves rearwardly. This motion will cause the bell crank
97 to rock and the shroud to be moved toward the pawl,
so that a portion of the ratchet surface normally traversed
by .the pawl will be covered by the shroud and the ac
tive par-t of the pawl oscillation will be reduced and
the conveyor feed will be slowed down. The degree of
conveyor deceleration fwill depend upon the pressure
against the transfer mechanism cover. It will be obvious
that the weight of accumulated vines acting upon the
upper quadrant of the arcuate portion of the cover will
also tend to move the cover rearwardly and slow down
the input Ifeed.
During the period of reduced feed the distributor arms
clockwise direction the crank pins are rotated in circular
will be »active in moving excess quantities of vines for
paths causing the distributor arms to rise, to move rear
wardly, to lower, and to move forwardly in amore 20 wardly into the bin to hold the quantity moving along
seen that when crankshaft 82 is rotated in a counter
or less circular orbital path. In view of the fact that
'the crank pins are uniformly spaced around the axis of
the crankshaft, the several distributor arms will be out of
phase with one another, so that there will be a more or
less continuous movement of the distributor arms in mov
ing into excess material on the blanket on the transfer
mechanism cover and pushing the excess back toward the
the upper surface of the transfer mechanism to a prede
Iterrnined amount.
As soon as the excess quantities
have `been used up by the continued uniform movement
of the .transfer teeth, the pressure against the cover will
be released and the cover will drop back to its nor-mal
position which will retract the shroud and per-mit the
input conveyor to resume its normal feed.
There are times when vanes in the bin may be piled
to an undesirable height and therefore unwanted quan
but will distribute the vines so that an even blanket is
obtained Áfor movement along the path overlying the trans 30 tities of vines would move toward the distributor if some
means were not employed to prevent it. Undue height
fer mechanism.
It was «mentioned above that the input conveyor is
of vines in the -bin adjacent the transfer mechanism will
caused to operate by means of a drive unit 19. This unit
cause excess feeding if some means is not used to stop
the forward movement of the vines until the height can be
consists of a ratchet 86 mounted on the end of shaft 18,
bin.
This action will not only remove excess material,
and >a pawl `S17 mounted on a pivot shaft 38 fixed to a
lever arm 39 pivotally mounted on shaft 18. The upper
end of lever arm «89 is connected by means of a link 9i)
to a crank arm 91 carried on the end of shaft 26. Thus,
reduced. To this end, a floating apron 160 is provided.
Apron 10d is pivoted at its rear end to the frame by
means of a pivot shaft i161, land is hung adjacent its
when shaft 26 is rotated the pawl will be caused to oscil
late over the periphery of the ratchet to rotate the ratchet
intermittently during one phase of its oscillatory move
ments. As long as the pawl is free to engage the ratchet
teeth, the advance of the input conveyor will be in uni
form increments. ln order to vary the rate of input
pivoted intermediate their lengths at #103 to standards
forward end from counterbalance lbeams 102 which are
104, fixed to >the frame. Pins lttS are mounted at the
rear `of beams 102 to receive lweights 106 in desired num
ber ‘to supply the necessary counterbalance force to hold
the apron in inoperative position.
The apron may take
`any desired form, but is shown las constructed from a
conveyor feed, an arcuate shroud 92 is mounted so as 45 plate vl107 which curves upwardly and forwardly from
Ito overlie a portion of the ratchet.
The Áshroud is
mounted between a disk 93 and a lever 9d which are
the pivot shaft 101 and has a plurality of longitudinally
extending slots 108 through which the lower ends of
positioned on opposite sides of the ratchet and pinned
the distributor arms 76 pass and along which they move.
A plurality of parallel, transversely spaced curved buffer
together by pins 95. The disk and lever are mounted for
rotation about shaft 18. This will permit movement of 50 strips 109 are connected to the underside of the plate
and project forwardly to provide a cam surface against,
the shroud circumferentially of the ratchet to occlude
selected arcuate sections of ratchet teeth. Thus, by
and under, which the vine pile may move. The apron
movement of the shroud in a counterclockwise direction,
as viewed in FIGURE 9, the leading end of the shroud
can be brought into the oscillatory path of the pawl so
that the pawl will be lifted from the ratchet teeth and
moved over the shroud for a predetermined portion of
its oscillatory movement. By reason of this arrangement,
the engagement of the pawl with the ratchet can be varied
is connected by means of a link 1:16 to lever 94 of the
input conveyor drive control, so that whenever the vine
pile is of sufficient height to lift the `apron the shroud
92 will be moved toward the pawl path to slow down the
input conveyor feed.
It will be seen from the above that control of the input
conveyor will be governed by the pressure and weight of
so as to change the arcuate movement of shaft 18 each 60 vines against the transfer mechanism cover 3‘5 and the
height of the vine pile moving toward the transfer mecha
oscillation of the pawl. In fact, the shroud can be moved
nism, or either of these factors singly. Link `96 has a
far enough so that the pawl will be held out of engage
slot 1.11 in which its connection `112 with the disk 93y may
ment with the ratchet over its full arcuate movement, and
ride, and link 110 has a similar slot 113 for its connecting
there will be no advance of shaft 1S, and consequently
no movement of the input conveyor.
65 pin 114 to provide the necessary lost motion to permit
either link to exercise its control movement without affect
ln order to control the rate of input conveyor feed in
ing the other.
accordance with requirements to maintain a uniform out
It is contemplated that the feeding machine will be
put from the machine, the position of the shroud 92 is
powered from the vine processing machine with which
controlled -by movement of the cover 35 of the transfer
mechansirn. This is accomplished by -means of a link 96 70 it is associated. To this end, a chain 115 is provided to
connected between disk 93 and one arm of a bell crank
lever ‘97. The bell crank is pivotally attached, as at 98,
to the machine frame, and its other arm is coupled by a
link 99 to one of the suspension str-aps 41 which sup
port the lower end of the cover 35. It will be clear, that. 75
extend from a suitable power source on the processing
machine over a sprocket 116 on a drive shaft 117 mount
ed at thetop of the frame and extending completely
across the frame. At the far side of the machine from
sprocket 116, shaft 117 carries another sprocket 113
3,037,668
8
over which a chain 119 passes to drive crankshaft 57 by
130, which lies transversely of the machine beneath the
means of a sprocket 120 on the crankshaft. Shaft 117
also carries a gear 121 which meshes with a gear 122 on
end of the transfer mechanism and projects beyond each
side of the machine. In the bottom of the trough there
is a plurality of conveyor chains which are divided into
a second driveshaft 123 also mounted on top of the frame
and extending completely across the machine. Shaft 123
two groups 131 and 132. The chains 133 of group 131
carries a sprocket 124 for chain 125 which drives sprocket
pass over sprockets 134 on a shaft 135, near the center
126 on the transfer mechanism shaft 26. This furnishes
of the machine, and sprockets 136 on shaft 137 at one side
power to lboth the transfer mechanism, and to the input
of the machine. Chains 138 of group 132 pass over sim
conveyor through the drive mechanism 19. Driveshaft
ilar sprockets 139 on shaft 140 at the machine midsec~
123 also has a sprocket 127 for chain 128 which passes 10 tion, and sprockets 141 on shaft 142 at the opposite side
over sprocket 129 on crankshaft 82. This drives the dis
of the machine. Shafts 135 and 140 are located suffi
tributor.
In operating the lfeeder, it is put into position adjacent
the machine it is to feed with the outlet chute 46 in posi
tion to supply vines to the processing machine. Chain
115 is trained over the proper sprocket on the processing
machine (not shown) and around sprocket 116 on shaft
117 and the feeder is ready for use. Vines will be dumped
into bin 7 and, of course, a supply of vines must be
ciently close together and the chains of the respective
groups are staggered so that the chains lie in overlapping
relation at the center of the machine. The chains of group
131 carry vine-engaging fingers 143 and chains 138 carry
similar fingers 144.
If the chain groups, as above described, are driven so
that their top ñights move in opposite directions to feed
vines from `the center of the machine to the sides, two
maintained in the bin. The vines will be fed through the 20 processing machines can be fed by having their delivery
bin lto the transfer mechanism where they will be picked
conveyors, indicated in dotted lines at 145 and 146, lo
up by the fingers 30, carried over the drum 23, along
cated beneath the outer ends of the respective chain
cover 35 and dumped into trough 44. As the vines pass
groups. If both chain groups are driven in the same
over the drum and begin their passage along the cover,
direction, all vines in the trough will be moved to one
the distributor arms 76 will function to level off the mass 25 side of the machine to feed one processing machine.
and return any excess to the bin. When the vines fall
In order to drive the chains of the two groups to achieve
into trough 44, the screw conveyors 56 will move them
the above results, shafts 135 and 140 carry, respectively,
toward the center of the machine into the path of the
sprockets 147 and 14S for chains 149 and 150 which are
moving ejectors 63. The ejectors will move in alternation
on sprockets 151 and 152 on shafts 153 and 154. Shafts
to push the vines out of the feeder through the chute 46. 30 153 and 154 are stub shafts journalled in a transmission
In the event vines accumulate in the chute, or become
casing 155 mounted on the frame beneath the sills 2’.
jammed therein, the pressure created by movement of the
These shafts carry bevel gears 156 and 157. A counter
ejectors will cause the vines to press downwardly upon
shaft 158 is journalled in the casing at right angles to
plates 48 and 49, which form the chute floor, forcing
shafts 153 and 154 and has a keyway 159 extending sub
them to swing about their pivots against the bias of 35 stantially its full length. Three bevel gears 160, 161 and
springs 52 to open the chute bottom and allow the vines
162 are slidably mounted on shaft 158 and keyed to it
to drop out. When the condition is relieved, it is
for rotation with the shaft. Gear 162 is a double gear,
necessary to restore the floor sections manually to their
and is mounted intermediate gears 156 and 157 so that it
overlapping position before normal operation can con
may be moved into mesh with either of them. Gear 162
tinue.
40 will drive shafts 153 and 154 in opposite directions due
The above operation will continue as long as the vines
to the fact that it engages gears 156 and 157 on opposite
are fed normally from the bin to the transfer mechanism,
sides. Gears 160 and 161 can be moved into and out
but if the feed Ibecomes too rapid, or too great a quantity
of mesh, respectively, with gears 156 and 157 and, as the
of vines are put into the bin, or the distributors in push
engagement is on opposite sides of gears 156 and 157,
ing back the excess build up a pile which tends to work
shafts 153 and 154 will be driven in opposite directions
under the apron and would interfere with proper feeding,
when gears 156 and 157 are moved to meshing positions.
the input conveyor will be slowed down, or stopped, as
required to correct the situation, >by allowing the transfer
means to continue to pick up vines from the excess and
feed them at a uniform rate until the excess is gone.
Gears 160, 161 and 162 carry annularly groovcd hubs 163,
164 and 165 to which control handles 166, 167 and 16S
are connected. These handles pass through slots 169,
Then the control will move back, to return the input 50 170 and 171 in the casing, the slots being elongated in
the direction of the shaft 158 so that when the handles
conveyor to its normal speed.
are moved longitudinally of the slots the gears on shaft
FIGURES 10 through 14 illustrate a feeder which is
158 will be moved along the shaft.
somewhat modified `from the one described, and is dei
From a study of FIGURES 13 and 14 of the drawings
signed to handle vines in larger quantities and to feed
it
will
be clear that when gears 160 and 161 are in mesh
55
more than one processing machine if desired. The
with gears 156 and 157 the chains of groups 131 and 132
machine is essentially the same as the one described
will be moved in opposite directions to carry vines to
insofar as the bin, input conveyor, transfer mechanism,
the two sides of the machine. When either gear 160 or
distributors, and input conveyor control are concerned
161 is moved out of engagement with its companion gear
and differs from these basic units as previously described
in only four respects: First, the machine is much wider 60 156 or 157 and gear 162 moved into engagement with
that gear, vboth sets of chains will move in the same direc
requiring several input conveyors operating as a unit;
tion to move vines to one side only of the feeder. The
second, the crank ‘for operating the input conveyor drive
vines can be moved to either side by proper meshing of
pawl is no longer on the same shaft as the transfer
the gears.
mechanism sprockets but a separate one; third, the chain
Shaft 158 carries a sprocket 172 on one end which is
drive arrangement for the several mechanisms is altered; 65
driven by chain 173 from a sprocket on shaft 175 which
and, fourth, the base `frame of the feeder inclines rear
carries the pawl actuating crank 91' in this form of the
wardly so that the sills are at an angle. As these differ
invention. Shaft 175 is driven by chain 176 from the
ences in no way affect the basic construction and opera
distributor crankshaft 82’. Crankshaft 82’ in turn is
tion of the respective units, the units will not be re
described, but the same parts will be given the same 70 driven from the transfer mechanism sprocket shaft 26',
which in this construction is the drive shaft, and is driven
reference numeral as before, but distinguished by being
by chain 115’.
primed.
It is believed that the operation of the modified form
In the modified feeder, the vines are handled differently
after they leave the transfer mechanism. In this form,
of the invention will be clear from the foregoing descrip
the vines fall from the transfer mechanism into a trough 75 tion, and no further review will be necessary.
3,037,668
9
While in the above practical embodiments of the inven
tion have been disclosed, it will be understood that the
details of construction shown and described are merely
by way of illustration, and the invention may take other
forms within the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A vine feeding machine comprising, a frame, an
the distributor bar for swinging in a vertical plane, and
a crankshaft mounted on the frame and having a plu
rality of throws, one pivotally connected to each of the
respective distributor arms whereby upon rotation of the
crankshaft the distributor »arms will be caused to move
in a circular orbital path.
9. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 1 wherein thc
input conveyor mounted on the frame, conveyor means to
means to move the vines for discharge includes a pair of
discharge vines from the machine, a transfer mechanism
conveyors arranged transversely of the machine.
10. A vine feeding machine comprising, a frame, an
input conveyor mounted on the frame, transfer mecha
including laterally spaced feed chains having operative
ñights extending from the input conveyor to the discharge
conveyor means, the chains being interconnected by tooth
bars each carrying a plurality of vine-engaging teeth
nism to receive vines from the input conveyor and carry
them through the machine, the transfer means having
spaced transversely of »the machine, a cover overlying the
at least `a member mounted for floating movement, means
operative flight of the transfer chains and having slots
through which the vine-engaging teeth project and move
along the operative flight of the chains and forming a
platform along which vines may be drawn by movement
of the chains, the co-ver being mounted on the frame for
to drive the input conveyor, means interconnecting the
floating member of the transfer mechanism and the drive
means for the input conveyor so that pressure of vines
3. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 1 wherein the
tooth bars are pivotally connected to the chains, and a
13. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 10 wherein the
means to eject vines from the machine comprises an
against the floating member will control the speed of
the input conveyor, a `discharge outlet intermediate the
limited movement longitudinally of the frame, means to 20 sides of the machine adjacent the transfer mechanism, a
pair of vine-condensing conveyors to receive vines from
drive the input conveyor, and means interconnecting the
the transfer mechanism, the conveyors being located
cover and input conveyor means so that movement of the
transversely of the machine on opposite sides of the dis
cover affects the speed of operation of the input conveyor,
charge outlet and movable to transport vines to the out
whereby pressure against the cover of excess vine quantity
let, and means at the outlet ~to eject vines from the
fed by the input conveyor may be utilized to slow the
machine.
input conveyor speed until the excess is fed_
11. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 10 wherein the
2. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 1 wherein the
pair of vine-condensing conveyors include troughs to re
cover mounting on the frame includes pivotal connec
ceive vines `and screw ‘conveyors in the troughs.
tion of the cover at the end adjacent the input conveyor
12. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 10 wherein there
to the lower ends of hanger straps pivotally connected 30
is an emergency door adjacent the outlet operable upon
to the frame and sliding support of the end of the cover
excess pressure to permit accumulated vines to fall from
:adjacent the discharge conveyor means upon a support
the machine.
member carried .by the frame.
Hight for contact with the tooth bars to hold the vine
ejector shoe operable in vertical circular orbit to press
down upon vines and push them through the discharge
engaging teeth in erected positions projecting through
outlet.
frame for vertical floating movement, and means inter
connecting the apron and the drive means for the input
pair of vine-condensing conveyors includes troughs to re
cam plate underlies the chains throughout the operative
14. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 13 wherein
the slots in the cover.
4. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 1 wherein there is 40 there is a second ejector shoe beside the first and operable
in a similar orbit out of phase with the first.
a floating apron overlying the adjacent ends of the input
15. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 14 wherein the
conveyor and transfer mechanism and mounted on the
ceive vines and screw conveyors in the trou'ghs.
16. A vine feeding machine comprising, a frame, an
input conveyor mountedA on the frame, transfer mecha
tity of vines moving toward the transfer mechanism will
nism to receive vines from the input conveyor and carry
reduce the speed of operation of the input conveyor.
them through the machine, the transfer means having at
5. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 4 wherein the
least a member mounted for floating movement, means to
apron is pivotally connected at one end to the frame and
has its other end projecting toward the input conveyor, 50 drive the input conveyor, means interconnecting the
floating member of the transfer mechanism and the drive
:and means to counterbalance the apron to cause it to
means for the input conveyor so that pressure of vines
rest in a predetermined position.
against the iloating -member will control the speed of the
6. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 5 wherein there
input conveyor, and a pair of conveyors extending trans
is `a plurality of ‘distributor units above the end of the
transfer mechanism adjacent the input conveyor, each unit 55 versely of the machine to receive vines from the transfer
mechanism, the pair of conveyors having their ends in
comprising a distributor bar mounted on the frame for
conveyor so that lifting of the apron by an excess quan
vertical swinging movement longitudinally of the ma
chine and a plurality of distributor arms connected to
close adjacency to provide an uninterrupted conveying
system and their opposite ends projecting beyond the
sides of the machine for feeding separate machines.
the `distributor bar for swinging in a vertical plane, and '
17. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 16 wherein there
»a crankshaft mounted on the frame and having a plu 60
is means to drive the said pair of conveyors and to
rality of throws, one pivotally connected to each of the re
change the direction of operative movement of the said
spective `distributor arms whereby upon rotation of the
pair of conveyors.
crankshaft the distributor arms will be caused to move
18. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 16 wherein there
in a circular orbital path.
is means to drive the said pair of conveyors, and means
7. A vine feeder as claimed in claim 1 wherein there 65 manually operable to cause the pair of conveyor drive
is a distributor overlying the end of the transfer mech
means to move the said pair of conveyors to carry vines
anism adjacent the input conveyor operable to push ex
>to both sides of the machine and to one selected side of
cess vines from the transfer mechanism back to the input
the machine.
conveyor.
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
8. A vine lfeeder as claimed in claim 1 wherein there 70
UNITED STATES PATENTS
is a plurality of distributor units above the end of the
transfer mechanism adjacent the input conveyor, each
unit comprising a distributor bar mounted on the frame
for vertical swinging movement longitudinally of the
frame and a plurality of distributor arms connected to 75
952,520
2,606,559
2,797,795
2,842,255
Hamachek ___________ .__ Mar. 22,
Maus _______________ __ Aug. 12,
West ________________ c- July 2,
Jarrell ________________ __ July 8,
1910
1952
1957
1958
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