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Патент USA US3037671

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June 5, 1962
L. c. GisH
'
/3
3,037,662
BOTTLE CARRIER
y
76'
fa;
v
June 5, 1962
L. C. _GISH
_
3,037,662
BOTTLE CARRIER
Filed Jan. 14, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
76
JNVENTOR.
BY
o(
Z:
ß ¿ML
MF
June 5, 1962
L. c. GlsH
3,037,662
BOTTLE CARRIER
Filed Jan. 14, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 5
JNVENToR.
BY
(73%@
w
ite States
3,937,6@2
" atent
Patented .irme 5, 1962
2
1
3,037,662
Lyman C. Gish, Rittrnan, Ohio, assigner to Packaging
BOTTLE CARRIER
Corporation of America, Rittman, Ohio, a corporation
of Delaware
Filed Jan. 14, 1960, Ser. No. 2,471
6 Claims. (Cl. 220---115)
This invention relates to cartons made of paperboard
or other appropriate sheet material and it is directed par
ticularly to structural and functional modifications of
bottle carrier cartons of the type shown generally in the
patents of Michael H. Kowal No. 2,692,700, granted Oc
tober 26, 1954, and No. 2,712,397, granted July 5, 1955,
and particularly in applicant’s copending application for
and side Walls, bottle compartment separator straps arf
ranged in spaced relation to each other and to the eno'
walls land transversely spanning the spaces between and
connected ‘with the side walls and handle member, and
transverse partition members carried by said compart
ment separator straps and extending downwardly there~
from into proximity to the bottom wall; and the inven
tion includes, also, a partition mem-ber constituting a
downward extension of said handle member and serv
ing, with said transverse partition members, to divide the
interior of the carrier into a plurality of separate, fully
walled cells, said elements, with the exception of said
transverse partition members, being formed as integral
parts of a single blank of sheet material in which they
are defined by cuts and folding scores, all as will be ex
patent for Bottle Carrier, tiled March 12, 1959, Serial No.
798,942, now patent No. 2,996,216, granted August 15,
1961.
In bottle carrier cartons of these types it has been
found desirable to provide a central partition member
which 'will extend from the upwardly projecting carrying
handle into close proximity to, or against, the bottom wall
plained hereinafter more fully and finally claimed.
of the carton in order to prevent contact of the bottles
in the two rows thereof arranged longitudinally of the
carton -at opposite sides of the carrying handle, and it
is also desirable to provide transverse partition members
which similarly extend downwardly into proximity to the
bottom to prevent contact between the lbottles forming
FIGS. 1a and 1b are plan views of one form of the
two elements in which the individual transverse parti
tion members for the six-cell carton shown _are defined
these rows.
FIGS. 2 to 5 are views similar «to FIG. 1, but drawn
to a smaller scale, showing the progressive steps of as
To this end one object of the invention is to provide a
bottle carrier carton with this said type of partition mem«
bers in a form which will permit flatfolding of the car
ton `as is desired and which requires no special manipula
tion of such partition members for their functional loca
tion when the carton is set up for use.
Another object is to provide in an integral sheet mate~
rial blank parts, defined by cuts and folding scores, which,
in the assembled, and ultimately erected, carrier will
form the desired central partition, but which form scrap
ywithin the area of a blank of the size normally employed
for the construction of a carrier of this general type but
not provided with such a central partition, and to pro
vide, in addition, elements comprising the said transverse
partition members also formed, at least in part, from
scrap areas of said blank and adapted to be assembled
lwith the blank.
A further object is to provide the transverse partition
members as individual elements, or as integers compris
In the accompanying drawings illustrating the inven
tion, in the several figures of which like parts are sim
ilarly designated,
l
.
FIG. 1 is a plan View of the inner face of a sheet mate
rial blank from which the carton of the invention is con
structed,
by pre-formed lines of fracture,
FlGS. 1c and 1d are similar plan views of alternative
forms of transverse partition members,
sembling, folding and adhesively securing the various
parts of the blank, including ‘transverse partition form
ing elements of the type shown in FIGS. 1a and 1b, prior
to its final folding and securing,
FIGS. 6 and 7 show one of the outer faces of the
finally flat-folded and secured blank assembled from the
parts shown in FIGS. 2 to 5, and
FIGS. 8 and 9 are perspective views of the opposite
sides and ends of the erected carrier carton of the assem
bly of FIGS. 2 to 7, FIG. 9 showing a portion of the
carton end wall broken away to expose the interior.
Referring particularly to FIG. 1, it will be seen that
the flat blank includes a bottom wall comprising rela
tively foldable halves 1a and 1b joined along a longitu
dinal folding score 2, and at the opposite longitudinal
edges of this dual bottom wall are side walls 3a and 3b
joined to such edges along folding scores 4a and 4b.
At the opposite end edges of the side walls 3a and 3b
ing two of the said members which may be separated
and joinedv thereto along folding scores 5a, 5a' and 5b,
into the individual elements dur-ing the carton assem 50 5b’ are end wall sections 6a, 6a’ and 6b, 6b’ provided,
bling and gluing operation, or as integers of two of the said
respectively, with complemental connecting flaps 7a, '7a'
members in which the said members are defined from
and 7b, 7b' which may be folded upon their respective
each other by lines of fracture to the end that the mem
folding scores 8a, 8a' and 8b, 8b’ so that they may be
bers of each such last described integer may be simnl
adhesively secured together in pairs for completing the
taneously properly located upon the iiat blank and thus
end walls from the end wall sections tía-6b and 6a’~-6b’
maintained during assembly of the blank to ultimate car
when the blank lis given its final assembly fold (FIGS.
rier form, but may separate upon such lines of frac
6 and 7).
ture upon erection of «the car-ton for use, the form that
Extending outwardly in the blank from the side walls
the said transverse partition members may take being
3a and 3b, and offset longitudinally thereof, are handle
dictated by choice of the manufacturer and the type of 60 members 9a and 9b, respectively, which are defined from
assembling and gluing machine used.
their side walls by cuts ‘10a and 10b and are connected
With these and other objects in view, as will be appar
to such side walls by separator straps 11a, 11a' and 11b,
ent from the following description, the invention com
11b’ hinged on folding scores 12a, 12a’ and 12b, 12b’.
prises a carrier carton, particularly for bottles, and the
sheet material elements of a blank for forming such car 65 The separator straps 11a and 11b are connected to„the
handle members 9a and 9b on folding scores 13a and
rier, including a bottom wall, side walls joined to the
13b, and the separator straps 11a' and 11b’ are con
longitudinal edges of the bottom wall along appropriate
nected to foldable handle reinforcing and partition form
folding scores, end `wall sections joined to the end edges
ing elements 14a and 14b, respectively, on folding scores
of the side walls and connected together substantially
medially of the bottom wall to provide full end walls 70 15a and 15b. Cuts 16a, 16a’ and 16h, 16h' separate the
straps 11a, 11a’ and 11b, 11b’ from their respective side
spanning the ends of the bottom wall between the side
walls, a handle member disposed medially of the bottom
walls, and cuts î17a and 17b separate the straps 11a' and
3,037,662
3
11b’ from their respective structural elements 14a and
14h.
The handle members 9a and 9b are provided with
ultimately mating hand holes 18a and ISb, and the han
dle member 9b is provided with a finish ñap 19 foldable
upon a folding score 20 over an extension 21 on the
handle member 9a, the thus folded flap 19 being appro
priately secured, in the assembled blank, as by adhesive,
to the extension 21 to provide a stiífening and reinforc
ing means for the handle assembly.
All of -the elements of the blank thus far described
have their structural and functional counter-parts, dis
closed in a slightly different form, in the Kowal Patent
No. 2,692,700 lhereinabove referred to.
Preferably the end wall elements 7a and 7b will be
4
fracture composed of a cut 37 extending inwardly from
its upper edge and a row` of spaced perforations 38,
and the members 36a and 36h being separable upon a
similar line of fracture composed of the cut 39 and row
of spaced perforations 46.
These dual elements comprising the transverse parti
tion members 35a, 35h, and 36a, Sáb are of such size
that they may be formed from the scrap normally dis
carded in the blanking out of cartons, and it will be
noted that at least one of the elements may be formed
from the scrap discarded from the space lying between
the end wall sections 6a’ and 6b’ and the adjacent edge
of the bottom Wall la, 1b, FIG. l.
The procedure for assembling the blank elements of
FIGS. l, la and 1b to completed fiat-folded form (FIGS.
provided with cuts defining ultimately mating and adhe
6 and 7) from which it may be erected to usable carrier
sively joined hooks 22a and 22b engageable with an
adjacent edge 23 of the bottom wall la, 1b to serve
in locking the carton in erected condition With its bottom
wall portions lla and 1b in substantially ñat coplanar
arrangement.
As hereinbefore stated the carrier carton of the inven
tion is preferably provided with a longitudinal center par
tition extending from the handle portion to the bottom
Wall of the erected carrier without increasing the usual
form (FIGS. 8 and 9) is preferably in a plurality of
successive folding and gluing steps all of which are capa
ble of being performed by known types of automatic
area of the blank for a carton of this general character.
In other words the center partition will be formed from
parts of the blank which would normally constitute scrap,
and they are so arranged and connected together and to
other elements of the carton structure, particularly those
forming the end walls and handle member, as not only
to produce the desired partition but also to make the
whole erected carton stronger and more rigid and the
handle member better adapted to support the load of the
filled carton. Furthermore, the connection of these parti
tion forming elements tothe handle members makes them
serve, with the joined handle members, to form a com
bined partition and handle member.
To this end, that portion of the blank which lies be
machines with no more than the adjustments and sub
stitutions of parts of such machines which are necessary
for `their adaptation to any special folding and gluing
job.
Referring to FIGS. l to 7 by which an understanding
of `the assembly procedure from flat blank to fiat-folded
and glued carton may be obtained, it will be seen (FIG.
1 and 2) that, with adhesive applied in the areas of the
partition straps 11a and 11b substantially as shown by
stippling in FIG. 1, the transverse partition elements 35a,
35b and 36a, 36b are affixed thereto with their aforesaid
upper edges in substantial alignment, respectively, with
the cuts 10a and lßb, and with their lines of cleavage
in substantial alignment with, and overlying, the folding
scores 12a and 12b as shown in FIG. 2. It will be noted
that, although only the partition members 35a and 36a
are thus adhesively aiiixed, the two elements in which
these members are comprised will thus be properly posi
tioned for subsequent assembly operations. Next with
adhesive applied to the structural elements 14a, 14b and
tween the proximate ends of the end wall elements 6a 40 30, and to the partition straps 11a’ and 11b', as shown
and 6b, and which in the assembled blank forms the
by the stippling in FIG. 2, the elements 14a, 14b and
partition panel 24, is severed upon a cut 25 defining one
30 are folded upon their scores 32 and 31, respectively,
of its edges 25’ and the bottom edge of the end wall
over upon, and secured to, the inner faces of the handle
element 6b, and upon the cut 23 which forms another
members 9a and 9b, respectively, and the straps 11a’
one of its edges 26 as Well as the aforementioned end 45 and 11b' are folded on their scores 12a' and 12b’ over
edge of the bottom wall elements 1a and 1b. The panel
upon, and secured to, the transverse partition members
24 has its third edge separated from the blank by a cut
35b and 36b, respectively, as shown in FIG. 3. Then,
27 which also forms the bottom edge of the end wall
with adhesive applied -to the stippled areas (FIG. 3) of
element 6a, and a tab 28 provided by a cut 28', which
the flaps 7a and 7b of the end wall sections 6a and 6b,
serves also to deline the hook 22a, is joined along a 50 these end wall sections are folded upon their scores 5a
diagonal folding score 29 to the securing ñap 7a of the
and 5b and the tiaps 7a and 7b are carried with them
end wall element 6a.
and secured, fiat-folded upon the elements 14a and 14b
A handle reinforcing element 30 is formed as an ex
(FIG. 4) in the areas of the adhesive applied to these
tension of the structural element 14h and is foldable
ñaps. It will be noted, also, that this folding of the end
therewith upon a folding score 31 aligned with the fold 55 wall section 6a and its flap 7a carries with it the longi
ing score 12b’ of the separator strap 11b’. The struc
tudinal partition panel 24.
tural element 14a is foldable upon a folding score 32
Now, the end wall flaps 7a’ and 7b’ are folded upon
aligned with the folding score 12a’ of the separator strap
their respective folding scores 8a’ and 8b’ so as to over
11a’. The folding scores 31 and 32 define complemental
lie their end wall elements 6a’ and 6b’ (FIG. 4) and,
end edges of `the handle members 9a and 9b.
60 with adhesive applied to a limited edge area of lthe ñap
Diagonal cuts 33a and 33b which extend between the
7a', and to an exposed portion of the structural ele
folding scores 5a', 8a’ and 5b', 8b’ of the end wall ele
ment 14a in the area indicated by stippling in FIG. 4,
ments 6a' and 6b’ respectively, serve to sever these ele
the partition panel 24 is folded upon its diagonal fold
ments for pivotal or hinging movement relative to the
ing score 29 to the position shown in FIG. 5 in which
handle members 9a and 9b upon erection of the carton 65 the adhesive applied at the edge of the iiap 7a’ and on
to usable form. Similar diagonal cu-ts '34a and 34b serve
the exposed portion of the element 14a will cause it to
to sever the structural elements 14a and 14b from the
adhere to such flap and element.
end` wall elements 6a and 6b.
Thereafter, with adhesive applied to the exposed sur
Having reference to FIGS. la and lb, it will be seen
faces ofthe parts 9a, 21, 7a, 7a', 28 and 14b, and to that
that the form of the blanks comprising the elements 70 edge of the panel 24 which overlies the flap 7a', all as
from which the transverse partition members are pro
indicated by stippling in FIG. 5, the thus far assembled
vided, and which constitute an example of one pre
and secured blank is folded upon the median folding
ferred embodiment thereof each includes a pair 35a, 35b
score 2 of the bottom wall Ifr-lb to bring the two
(FIG. la), and 36a, 35h (FIG. 1b), of such members,
the members 35a and 35b being separable upon a line of
halves of the blank in register and effect their adhesively
secured assembly. Finally, with adhesive applied to the
,3,037,662
6
exposed surface of the linish flap 19, FIG. 6, this ñap
is folded upon its folding score 20 over, and affixed to,
the then underlying extension 21 of the handle member
9a, as shown in FIG. 7, t0 complete the lla-t-folded assem
bly of the carton.
To erect the flat-folded carton to usable form, FIGS.
S and 9, it is merely necessary to apply pressure to the
folded edges A and B, FIGS. 6 and 7, until the carton is
squared up, and to engage the adhesively combined
hooks Z2a----22b of the flaps 7a and 7b with the edge 10
23 of the bottom wall.
, '
formed in the integer type shown in FIGS. la and lb
has advantages, particularly as related to the functioning
of a given type of assembling and gluing machine, as
hereinbefore particularly described, these members may
be so formed as to adapt them to other modes of assem
bly with the primary carton blanks and to the function~
ing of other types of assembling and gluing machines.
For example, as shown in FIG. lc, the transverse
partition members may be in the form of separate cards
individually and simultaneously, or successively, applied,
by gluing, to the partition straps 11a, 11a.’ and 1lb,
11b', and, as shown in FIG. ld, these lmembers may be
partition and handle member extends medially longi
formed from cards which are double the size of the in
dividual members and may be separated along medial
tudinally of the carton and its partition-forming portion
produced by the panel 24 and portions of the elements 15 lines m by the assembling and gluing machine prior to,
or simultaneously with, their glue application to the re
14a and Mb, together with the flaps 7a, 7a' and 7b,
spective partition straps. Also, it is anticipated that the
7b' to which they `are all adhesively connected, extends
As thus set up it will be apparent that the combined
lto the bottom wall of the carton and serves adequately
to separate the rows of bottles at its opposite faces.
transverse partition members may be formed from con
tinuous strips of proper sheet material fed and appro-
Also, during erection of the carton the pivoting of the
partition straps 11a, 11a' and 11b, 11b' will carry with
them the transverse partition members 35a, 35b and
machine.
36a, 36b, respectively, which part from their respective
tice hereinbefore given, and illustrated in FIGS. l and 2
priately severed and applied by the assembling and gluing
Thus, although in the description of the assembly prac
integral elements along the respective lines a cleavage
to 7, particular reference is made to the use of transverse
37--~38 and 39-40 due to the pull applied to them as a 25 partition elements of t-he type shown in FIGS. la and lb,
it will be understood that the invention is not limited
result of such pivoting of the straps to which theyeare
af?xed. Thus, when the carton is erected, these trans
verse partition members will divide the longitudinal com
thereto except as hereinafter particularly claimed, but
rather that the assembly practice may be variously modi
partments at opposite sides of the longitudinal partition
fied to adapt it to different requirements, such, for ex
and handle member into three cells each in which the 30 ample, as may be dictated by the type of transverse par
tition members employed and the functional character
six packaged bottles Will be separated from each other
by full depth partitions both longitudinally and trans
versely of the carton, »and the disadvantages incident to
their contact, such as defacement of labels, noise and
the like, obviated.
vIt will be noted, moreover, that, in the application of
adhesive to parts to be joined during the flat-folding as
sembly of the blank, adhesive is applied only to those
istics of a particular assembling and gluing machine.
Various changes and modiñcations including, and in
addition to, those particularly described, are considered
to be Within the principle of the invention and the
scope of the following claims.
What I claim is:
l. In a carrier carton formed from sheet material such
as paperboard :and of the type capable of being erected
`areas of the straps 11a, 11a’ and 11b, IIb’ to which the
transverse partition members 35a, 3Sb and 36a, 36h are 40 yfrom flat-folded condition to cellular form by hinging
action of its parts, a bottom wall, side walls extending
attached. Hence, when the carton is squared up these
upwardly from the longitudinal side edges of said bottom
straps are free to assume their functional positions be
wall, end wall elements joined to the opposite ends of
tween the side Walls 3a and 3b and the opposite faces
said side walls, .a combined handle member and lon
of the combined partition and handle member by free
'hinging or pivoting upon their folding scores 12a, 13a; L
gitudinal partition panel disposed medially of and in
12a', 15a, llZb, 13b; lZb’, 15b, carrying with them their
respective transverse partition members, as just previously
tinuous rigid interconnection between said end walls, said
described.
Obviously, when the hook 22a-22h of the end wall
structure is disengaged from the edge 23 of the bottom
wall, the carton may be re-collapsed to hat-folded con
dition, i-f desired.
Due to the rigid assembly of the elements of the lon
spaced relation to said side Walls and effecting a con
handle member serving to divide the interior of the car
ton into two spaces longitudinally thereof, partition straps
disposed at opposite sides of said handle member and
having >their opposite ends integral with said side walls
`and handle member and hingedly connected respectively
with said side walls and handle member and extending
transversely therebetween to divide each of the said spaces
gitudinal partition member, and its connection With the
end Wall flaps 7a, 7a' and 7b, 7b’ which, in the erected 55 into a plurality of compartments, and a transverse par
tition member initially separate from the aforesaid carton
carrier (FIGS. 8 and 9), form parts of this partition mem
parts and attached to each of said straps and carried
ber, and due, also, to the rigid, multiple-reinforced nature
only `thereby independently of said side walls and said
of the handle member, the carrier is of extremely sturdy
combined handle member and longitudinal partition panel
construction and serves Well for carrying the relatively
heavy load of bottled beverages or the like for which it is 60 and extending from the respective straps downwardly into
proximity ‘to the bottom Wall, said partition members
designed.
being independently movable with said straps in response
Moreover, in view of the fact that the carrier of the in
to hinging movement of the straps upon erection of the
vention, while embodying a combined partition and handle
carton.
member of full length and height, and full depth trans
verse partition members applied to the partition straps, 65 2. `In a carrier carton formed from sheet material such
las paperboard and of the type capable of being erected
can be constructed `from a sheet material blank of rela
Ifrom flat-folded condition to cellular form by hinging
tively no greater area than that required for similar car
action of its parts, a bottom wall, side walls extending
riers which do not provide these several full partition
upwardly from the longitudinal side edges of said bottom
elements, and may be produced on automatic machinery
of known type generally adapted for the manufacture and 70 wall, end Wall elements joined to the opposite ends of
said side Walls and provided with complemental connect
assembly of such last named carriers, the carrier of the
ing flaps joined together medially of the bottom Wall to
invention has advantages of function and economy of
unite said end wall elements in pairs at opposite ends of
production which are attractive to paekagers of bottled
the 'bottom and side walls, a handle member disposed
goods.
Although the use of transverse partition members 75 medially of and in spaced relation to said side walls
3,037,662
7
longitudinally thereof and connected in rigid Vassembly
with said connecting flaps at opposite ends of the carton
and serving to divide the interior of the carton into two
spaces longitudinally thereof, partition straps disposed
at opposite sides of said handle member and having their
opposite ends integral with said side walls and handle
member and hingedly connected respectively with said
side Walls and handle member and extending there
between transversely of the carton to divide each of the
said spaces into a plurality of compartments, a transverse
partition member separate from the aforesaid carton parts
and attached to each of said straps and carried only there
bylindependently of said side walls and handle member
each of the secondary blank means is an integer including
two of said transverse partition members defined from
each other by a line of fracture.
5. Carton blank means as defined in claim 4, in which
the transverse partition straps of each side wall are ar
ranged in pairs and said secondary blank integer is atiixed
by one of its partition members to one partition strap of
one side wall pair thereof `and is thus located upon pre
determined folding of said primary blank for attachment
of its other partition member to the other strap of said
side wall pair.
6. Multipart sheet material ñat blank means for a
ends of the' carton and extending from said handle mem
carrier carton of the type capable of being erected lfrom
fiat-folded condition to cellular form by hinging action
of its parts, including a primary blank provided wtih cuts
and folding scores defining a substantially rectangular
bottom wall, side walls joined to the longitudinal edges of
said bottom wall, end wall sections joined to the op
posite ends of said side walls, each of said end wall sec
tions terminating in a connecting flap, complemental ulti
ber downwardly into proximity to said bottom wall, said
mately joined handle-forming members offstanding from
and extending from the respective straps downwardly
into proximity to the bottom wall, said partition mem
ers being movable with said straps in response to hing
ing movement of the straps upon erection of the carton,
and a longitudinal partition panel rigidly joined to said
handle member and to the said connecting flaps at both
longitudinal partition panel extending medially longitu
dinally between said side walls in vertical alignment with
said handle member, said partition straps, transverse
«partition members, handle member and longitudinal par
tition panel serving to provide substantially full depth
separation of said compartments.
3. Multipart sheet material ñat blank means for a
the ultimate top edges of said side walls, transverse par
tition straps defined from said side walls and joined there
to and to said handle-forming members at their opposite
ends respectively on score means providing hinge con
nections with said side walls and handle-forming members,
secondary blank means formed `as elements initially sepa
rate from said primary blank and comprising transverse
partition members independent of said side walls and
carrier carton of the type capable of being erected from
flat-folded condition to cellular Iform by hinging action of 30 handle-forming members atiixed only to said partition
its parts, including a primary blank provided with cuts
straps for hinging movement with said straps and adapted
and folding scores defining a substantially rectangular
to be carried thereby into disposition transversely of the
bottom wall, side walls joined to the longitudinal edges
carton at opposite faces of the ultimately joined handle
of said bottom wall, end wall sections joined to the op
-forming members -by hinging movement of said straps
posite ends of said side walls, each of said end wall sec
upon erection of the assembled blank to usable form, and
tions terminating in a connecting flap, complemental ulti
a partition panel disposed between the ultimate ybottom
mately joined handle-formíng members olfstanding from
edges of two end wall sections at one end of said bottom
the ultimate -top edges of said side walls, transverse par
wall and freed from said end Wall sections and bottom
tition straps defined from said side walls and joined there
wall by certain of said cuts, said panel being connected
to and to said handle-forming members at their opposite 40 to the connecting ñap of one of the adjacent end wall sec
ends respectively on score means providing hinge con
tions along a diagonal folding score and being yfoldable
nections with said side walls and handle-forming mem
upon such score into flat-folded relation to the adjacent
bers, and secondary blank means formed as elements ini
side wall with which the end wall section of its connect
tially separate from said primary blank and comprising
ing flap is attached.
transverse partition members independent of said side 45
References Cited in the fiie of this patent
walls and handle-forming members aflixe'd only to said
partition straps for hinging movement with said straps
UNITED STATES PATENTS
and adapted to be carried thereby into disposition trans
versely of the carton at opposite `faces of the ultimately
2,026,525
Korte _________________ __ lan. 7,
joined handle-forming members by hinging movement of 50 2,598,920
Keith _________________ __ .lune 3,
said straps upon erection of the assembled blank to usable
form.
4. Carton blank means as deñned in claim 3, in which
2,709,535
2,846,114
2,957,602
1936
1952
Bergstein ____________ __ May 3l, 1955
Ringler _______________ __ Aug. 5, 1958
Ryder ________________ ___ Oct. 25, 1960
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