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Патент USA US3037672

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June 5, 1962
L. STEINER
3,037,663
DISPENSING DEVICES
Filed July 29, 1958
£76. I
'
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
/'/6. Z
F/éJ
39
22
.27
INVENTOR.
Lou/S
: 19 “245
STE/NEE
A rro/avEY
June 5, 1962
|_. STEINER
3,037,663
DISPENSING DEVICES
Filed July 29. 1958
f/é.» 6'
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
£76. 78 '
/7 ,
June 5, 1962
'
L. STEINER
3,037,663
DISPENSING DEVICES
Filed July 29, 1958
all
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
12.91:.
O
1NVENTOR.
LOU/5 5 TE/NEQ
WW;
A rroeusx"
3,®3'1,h63
nited States Patent
Patented June 5, 1962
2
1
FIGS. 4 and 5 are fragmentary elevational views show
3,037,663
ing the climber;
DISPENSING DEVICES
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the climber taken
on line 6-6 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a partly sectional perspective view of the
Louis Steiner, 812 E. Park St., Long Beach, NY.
Filed July 29, 1958, Ser. No. 751,755
15 Claims. (Cl. 221-90)
climber;
FIG. 7a is a fragmentary elevational view of a portion
This invention relates to dispensing devices of the type
of the climber ?tting into a notch;
used in coin operated machines. The invention particu
FIGS. 8, 9 and 10 are cross-sectional views taken on
larly relates to a dispensing device embodying an upright
corresponding lines of FIG. 1;
casing supporting a number of hinged shelves, and a
10
FIG. 10a is a cross-sectional view taken on correspond
climbing member on the casing which may be caused
ing lines of FIG. 10 but showing the climber in another
to move upwardly from shelf to shelf releasing the shelves
position.
one at a time from outstanding horizontal positions to
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 11—-11
vertical hanging positions as the climbing member mounts
of FIG. 3;
the casing.
FIGS. 11a and 11b are similar to FIG. 11 but show
One object of this invention is to provide a highly 1111
proved dispensing device of the character described, com
prising a stationary wall on the casing having a notched
vertical edge, and a vertical reciprocating slider on said
ing different positions of the shelf hinged extension;
FIG. 12 and FIG. 12a are fragmentary perspective
views of one of the shelves and illustrating the insertion
and removal of the shelf;
casing having a notched edge opposed to and spaced
FIG. 13 is a fragmentary elevational view of a portion
of a second embodiment of the invention;
FiG. 14 is a top cross-sectional view of the second em
bodiment of the invention;
FIG. 14a is a cross-sectional View taken on the line
from the notched edge of the stationary wall, and a
climber which moves upwardly between the two notched
walls ‘by booking itself alternately to the notches in the
moving slider and the stationary wall.
Another object of this invention is to provide in a de 25
14a-——14a of FIG. 14;
vice of the character described, means to prevent the
FIG. 14b is a cross-sectional view taken on the line
climber from moving upwardly more than one shelf space
1411-1411 of FIG. 14;
at a time so that the climber will not pass between the
FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line
notched edges relative to both edges at the same time,
15--15 of FIG. 14; and
if an attempt is made to operate the machine improperly,
30
FIG. 16 is a fragmentary perspective of a shelf-re
thus preventing release of more than one shelf for each
leasing element.
reciprocation of the slider.
Another object of this invention is to provide in a
Referring now to the drawings in detail, the embodi
device of the character described improved means to
ment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, 10 indicates the device
stop the climber automatically at the top of the stack of
shelves.
A further object is to provide a climber for a machine
as described which may be pulled downwardly to begin
of the invention. The same comprises an upright sheet
metal shaft or casing wall 11 which serves as the main
support. The upright support has a broad central section
having a front face 12 and a rear face 13.
At one side
of the support 11 is a rearwardly facing ?ange 14.
Formed in the ?ange 14 is a vertical row of spaced, cir
40 cular openings 15. The opposite side edge 16 of the
pressing a simple lever on the climber.
support 11 is formed with a number of vertically and
Still a further object of this invention is to provide a
equally spaced notches 17. The notches 17 each have a
shelf structure for a machine of the character described
horizontal lower edge 17a and an inclined upper edge
which may be easily reset to horizontal position from the
vertical hanging position and which may be removed 45 17b extending to edge 16. At the lower end of the edge
the climbing cycle again without any di?iculty, and which
may be moved upwardly for removal from the casing by
16 a forwardly curved stop tab 18 is formed.
Secured to the rearward face 13 of support 11 is an
from the casing and replaced therein, simply and easily
and without the use of any tools.
elongated strip of metal 19 of Z-shaped cross-section
(see FIG. 8). Strip ‘.19 is fastened by bolts 2.0 which
extend through ?ange 19a of said strip. An intermediate
Still another object of this invention is to provide a
machine of the type speci?ed which is sturdy and reliable
in operation, simple and inexpensive to manufacture, and
wall 1% extends outwardly from the rear face of support
11, and a third ?ange 190 extends parallel to support 11.
The intermediate wall 1% of the Z-shaped strip 19 is
formed with a number of spaced openings 21 which are
easy to service and reset.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide a
device of the type described which incorporates a shelf
structure supported from more than one side and there
fore capable of storing unusually heavy articles and
which will yet dispense such articles in a foolproof and
efficient manner.
55
horizontally opposed to the openings 15 in ?ange 14.
Openings 21 are each formed with an enlarged portion
21a from which extends a narrow slot portion 21b. The
narrow slot portions of openings 21 extend forwardly
towards support 11, While the enlarged portions 21a ex
tend rear'wardly away from surface 13 of said support.
Fastened to ?ange 190 of strip 19‘ are a number of
spring leaves 22. One free end of each of the spring
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious
and in part hereinafter pointed out.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of
construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement
of parts, which will be exempli?ed in the construction
leaves 22 overlaps ?ange 19b and the large portion 21a
hereinafter described, and of which the scope of inven
of opening 21. One spring leaf is supplied for each open
tion will be indicated in the following claims.
ing 21. Fitted between each pair of opposed openings 21
In the accompanying drawings in which is shown
65 and 15 is a shelf 23. Shelf 23 is made with a shelf hinge
various illustrative embodiments of this invention,
Ebar 24. One end 25‘ of the shelf hinge bar 24 is curved.
FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a device in ac—
The other end 26 is straight. A broad, ?at plate or piece
cordance with the present invention;
of metal 27 serves as the shelf and is connected at one
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the device in FIG.
edge to the hinge bar 24 between the ends 25 and 26.
1;
70
Such connection may‘ be made by means of welding.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary rear elevational view of the
Connected to each shelf plate 27 adjacent the curved-end
device;
8,037,663
4
.
25 of the shelf hinge bar is a short strip of spring metal
surface of the key plate 42 is a spacer strip of metal 44.
28. Each spring strip 28 serves to lock the shelf in place
The spacer strip 44 is positioned directly between and
in the supporting framework in the following manner.
in the plane of wall 11 and ?ange 32b, and may be of
The curved end ‘25 of the shelf hinge bar may be ?rst
the same or slightly greater thickness. The lower end 45
inserted in one of the openings 15 of ?ange 14 (FIG.
of spacer strip 44 is bent forwardly.
12a). If spring strip 28 is compressed it may also be
Fixed to the front end of spacer strip 44 is a channel
forced through the opening 15 (FIG. 12). Then the
shaped strip 46. The central wall of channel strip 46
straight end 26 of the shelf hinge bar can be swung
is similar in size and shape to the key plate 42. A pair
around, the spring leaf 22 pulled aside and the straight
of side ?anges 47 are formed on the channel strip 46,
end 26 inserted in the elongated portion 21b of an open 10 and are formed on their lower ends with a pair of opposed
ing 21. When the straight end 26 is all the way into
circular openings 48. A hinge pin ‘49 extends through the
opening 21, the spring strip 28 may be released and will
openings 48. Hinged on pin 49 is a rocking arm 50. The
serve to lock the hinge bar 24 in position between open
rocking arm 50 is formed with a central portion 51. At
ings 15 and 21 (see FIG. 3). The ?at hinge bar end 26
the lower end of rocking arm 50 is a forwardly extending
will normally be held in the elongated slot portion 21b 15 tab 52. At ‘a point spaced above the hinge pin 49' the
of opening 21 by the corresponding leaf 22. Thus the
rocking arm is formed with an opening 53 through which
shelf 23 will remain horizontal and able to support an
a bolt 54 extends and is fastened to spacer strip 44. The
article to be dispensed.
head of the bolt 54 serves to limit the forward rocking
Joined to ?ange 190 of strip 19 is ?ange 29a of a
motion of the rocking arm portions 51 and also as an
bracket 29. A second ?ange 29b is at right angles to 20 anchor for one end of a coil spring 55, which is anchored
?ange 29a. Thus a tall, three-sided shaft or cage 30 is
at its opposite end to the outstanding end of tab 52, thus
formed. The ?ange wall 29b of bracket 29 is formed
restraining the rocking arm against forward movement.
with a number of spaced vertical slots 31 (FIG. 2).
Spaced slightly above bolt 54 are a horizontally spaced
Within the shaft 30 and adjacent bracket 29 is a channel
pair of mounting pins 56. Pivotally mounted on pins 56
bar or slider 32. One side ?ange 32a of channel bar 32
are an upstanding pair of latches or hooks 57 and 58.
lies ‘adjacent the inside surface of ?ange 29a of bracket
The curved portions of the hooks extend over the top
29. The opposite outside ?ange 32b is coplanar with
edge of the rocker plate 51 and the channel strip 46, and
support wall 11 and is formed with an edge 33 opposed
rrearwardly over strip 44 ‘and plate 42 of the tripping key
to and spaced from edge 16 and provided with notches
41. The hooks 57 and 58 are mounted for sideways rota
34 similar and symmetrical to notches 17 in said edge 30 tion. Attached to hook 57 at its upper end is a thin metal
16. The lower horizontal edge 34b of each notch 34 is
cross-arm 59 which extends sideways as far as hook 53.
normally on a plane with the corresponding opposite edge
Attached to the lower end of hook 58, adjacent the pivot
17a of the corresponding notch 17, and the upwardly
pin 56, is a cross-arm 66'‘ which extends sideways as far
angled edges 34a are correspondingly opposite to the
as the ?rst book 57. The ends of the two cross-arms 59
angled edges 17b thereopposed.
35 and 60 are interconnected by a coil spring 61. Thus,
The central wall of channel bar 32 is formed with a
number of spaced openings 320. There is one opening
320 corresponding to the top end of each vertical slot 31
in bracket 29. A drilled collet 35 extends through each
slot 31. The collar of each collet overlaps the edges of
the slots 31 so that when a sheet metal bolt 36 is posi
tioned through the collet and fastened to the adjacent
opening 34 in channel bar 32, the channel bar will then
be movable vertically as far as the length of the slots 31
will allow, and the bolts 36 will not ‘bind in the slots.
The normal position of the channel bar 32 relative to
bracket 29 is the upper position shown in FIG. 2. In
order to prevent the channel bar 32 from slipping down
a bolt 37 is provided spaced above one of the slots 31.
A coil spring 38 is attached at one end to the bolt 37 and
at the opposite end to the bolt 36 which extends through
the slot to the channel bar 32. Thus the channel bar
may be pulled downwardly against the restraint of the
spring by any known means common to the art, such as
a coin-operated lever system. The channel bar or slider
because the two arms 59 and 60 are crossed, the spring
61 tends always to pull the two hooks 57 and 58 apart.
The channel bar or slider 32 can be moved downwardly
by pulling on bolt 36a and will be returned upwardly to
its original position by spring 38 as shown in FIG. 1.
The hooks 57 and 58 of the climber 40 can pivot side
ways until they hit each other or the side ?anges 47 of
channel strip 46. The starting position of the climber is
on the lowest pair of opposed notches 17 and 34 with
hook 57 engaging the lower edge 34b of the notch 34
and hook 58 engaging the lower edge 17a of the opposite
notch 17. As the channel bar 32 is moved downwardly,
the upper inclined edge 34a of notch 34 begins to push
hook 57 sideways towards hook 58. Then the edge 33
keeps hook 57 over (FIG. 4) until the channel bar is all
the way down, at which point the next above notch 34
comes into position, and hook 57 is pulled over into
that notch by spring 61. As the channel bar begins to
return, the hook 57 will be pulled upwardly by the lower
edge 34b of the notch which the hook engages. As hook
57 is pulled upwardly by the channel bar or slider, the
entire climber will be pulled upwardly and the other hook
will be raised and returned to its normal upper position
by the spring 38 upon release of the slider. One of the
bolts 36a has been made longer than the other bolts 36
in order to provide a connection to the system for pulling
down the channel bar.
A movable climber 40 is provided for movement be
tween the edge 16 of wall 11 and the edge 33 of flange
32b. The purpose of the climber 40 is to release the
clined edge 17b of the ?rst notch 17. Hook 58 will be
held over by edge 16 of wall 11 (FIG. 5) until the
climber has been lifted all the way to the next above
notch 17. At that point hook 58 will spring over into the
notch 17 and climber will be in its original condition but
shelves from horizontal position one at a time so that
one notch higher.
58 will be pushed sideways toward book 57 by the in
the shelves will swing down and the merchandise resting 65 While the action shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 just described
on the shelf is dropped. Accordingly, the climber is
takes place, the climber simultaneously performs the func
constructed with a tripping key 41 having a ?at base plate
tion of dropping a shelf 23 in the manner shown in FIGS.
42 and an outstanding key ?ange 43 at right angles to the
10—11b. As the climber moves upwardly from the posi
base plate. The upper and lower edges 43a of the key
tion just below a horizontal shelf 23, the upper inclined
?ange 43 are angled as shown in FIG. 6. The ?at plate
edge 43a of the release key engages the end 26 of shelf
portion 42 of the tripping key 41 is normally positioned
hinge bar 24. As ?ange 43 of the key begins to engage
inside the shaft 30 with the ?at plate portion 42 adjacent
the end of shelf hinge bar 24, the bar will be pushed rear
the inner edges of wall 11 and ?ange 32b. The key ?ange
wardly by the inclined edge 43a of the key. When the
4-3 is therefore positioned adjacent the inside surface of
end of the bar has been pushed out of slot 21b into the
?ange 19b of the Z-shaped strip 19. Fixed to the forward 75 enlarged portion 21a of opening 21, it will begin to turn
3,037,663
%
wall 53a is a notched strip 69. Slidably retained adjacent
as shown in FIG. 10”, and the shelf 23 begins to swing
the inside of wall 55a is a channel bar or slider 70
down.
The same action is seen from the other side of
wall ‘19b in FIGS. 11 to 11b. The leaf spring 22 at all
times tends to push bar end 26 towards ?ange 1901. Once
the shelf has been dropped it will remain in its down
formed with a forward side ?ange 71 formed with notches
72. The notches 69a vand 72 correspond to notches 17
and 34, of the previously described device. A climber 73
rides between strip 69 and ?ange 71. The climber 73 is
ward position until lifted manually. When lifted to the
horizontal position, the bar end ‘2-6 will be pushed back
into the slot 21b by leaf springv 22. Since the tripping
formed with a channel strip 74 riding forwardly of ?ange
71 and strip 69, a rocking plate 75 is rotatably mounted
on the channel strip 74 and a pair of spring loaded hooks
key ?ange 43 has inclined edges 43a at both top and bot
tom ends, the shelf can be dropped by moving the climber 10 or latches 76 are attached to the lower end of the rocking
plate 75. A spacer strip 77 rides between the edges of
either upwardly or downwardly. Once the shelf has
strip 69 and ?ange 71. Attached to the rearward surface
been dropped, the climber can move past it without any
of spacer strip 77 is a shelf releasing key 78 formed with
resistance.
an S-shaped cross-section. The main ?ange 79 of the
To move the climber downwardly in the track formed
by wall 11 and ?ange 32b it is necessary only to press 15 shelf release key 78 is attached to spacer strip 77. The
second ?ange 30 extends rearwardly but spaced from wall
down on tab 52. Pressure on tab 52; will rotate the
53a so as to clear the ends of bars 59a. Adjacent the
rocking arm 50 about the axis of hinge pin 49 as shown in
inside surface 54a another ?ange 81 extends from ?ange
broken lines in FIG. 6. The hooks 57 and 58 which are
80 to the inner surface of wall 53a and a key ?ange 82
attached to the rocking arm will be withdrawn from be
tween the notches 17 and 34. Thus the climber can be 20 extends forwardly from the end ?ange 81. The key
?ange 82 is formed with inclined end edges 83. Thus
slid up and down without interference from the hooks
when the climber is moved upwardly the upper inclined
edge 83 of the key will engage the end ‘61a of each suc
cessive shelf support bar and push the bar closer to wall
50a against the pressure of a leaf spring ‘64 until the
?at end 61a of the shelf hinge bar enters the enlarged
one hook is de?ected into the path between the notches at
portion 57a of opening ‘56a and the rearward end of the
any one time (see FIGS. 4 and 5). Therefore, while it
shelf 63 is pulled off of its spring catch 67 and swings
is possible to make the climber go up one notch at a
downwardly to a vertical position.
time by reciprocating the channel bar 32 it is impossible
To return the shelves to support position they are
for the climber to move up without moving channel bar 30
merely rotated manually to the horizontal position until
32, because the two hooks would jam in the notches at
catching in the notches.
The width of each hook is just slightly greater than
half the distance between edge 16 of wall 11 and edge 33
of ?ange 32b. In climbing up the series of notches, only 25
the rearward end is above catch 67 and the leaf 64 pushes
the shelf hinge bar end 64 into slot Site.
It will thus be seen that there is provided an appara
downwardly, the hook must be pushed sideways towards
book 58. In order to stop the upward movement of the 35 tus in which the several objects of this invention are
‘the upper ends of inclined edges 17b and 34a.
In order to move the notched channel bar or slider 32
climber at the top of the column of shelves, the last notch
achieved and which is well adapted to meet the condition
340 on ?ange 32b has been formed with a straight upper
of practical use.
wall 34d parallel to the lower edge 34b. When ?ange
32b is moved downwardly the upper edge 34d will catch
on hook 57 and stop.
In another embodiment of this invention shown in
FIGS. 13 to 14b, an adaptation of the present device is
shown which provides for supporting unusually heavy
As possible embodiments might be made of the above
invention, and as various changes might be made in the
40 embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that
all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompany
ing drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not
in a limiting sense.
I claim:
packages on top of the shelf. FIG. 14 shows a main
1. In combination, a vertical casing formed with ver
supporting wall 50a formed with a ?ange 51a at one end. 45
tically aligned notches spaced equally apart vertically at
Flange 51a is provided ‘with circular openings 52a. The
a plurality of levels, a plurality of shelves within the
other side end of Wall 5011 is provided with a rearwardly
casing one at each level, means on the casing having
extending wall 53a, from which extends wall 54a parallel
openings at said levels, one for each shelf, said openings
to wall 56a and wall 55a extending rearwardly to the
plane of wall Sila. Wall 53a is formed with openings 56a 50 having enlarged portions from which horizontal slots
‘which have a rounded enlarged portion 570 and a straight
extend, each shelf having a ?at portion in the slot of its
slot portion 58a. However, the opening 56a is opposite
opening to hold the shelf in horizontal position, said
to opening 21 of the ?rst described embodiment of this
shelf being movable to bring its ?at portion into the en
invention, having the enlarged portion of the opening
adjacent the supporting wall and the slot portion facing
larged portion of its opening to permit the shelf to swing
downwardly to vertical position, a vertical slider slidably
rearwardly. A shelf hinge bar 59a extends between each
mounted on said casing and formed with notches opposed
corresponding pair of openings 52a and 56a. One end
to the ?rst mentioned notches, said slider being manually
'6‘tia of the shelf hinge bar is turned upwardly and the
movable downwardly a distance equal to the distance be
other end 61a is straight. A spring catch 62 is attached
tween adjacent levels, spring means to raise the slider a
‘to the bar and a shelf 63 extends rearwardly therefrom.
similar distance after the slider has been siidably moved
For each shelf hinge bar there is a corresponding leaf
downwardly
and released, means operative upon succes
spring 64 attached to the rearward surface of wall 50a by
sive manual downward movements .and upward raisings
rivets 65. The leaf spring 64 is interposed between the
by the spring means, to move said shelves one at a time
support wall and the shelf hinge bar and tends to push
the shelf rearwardly to keep the bar end 61a in slot 58a. 65 relative to the casing, beginning from the bottom to the
top, to bring the ?at portions thereof into the enlarged
Across from the support wall 50a is a support wall 66.
portions
of their openings, so as to release said shelves
Opposite each leaf spring ‘64 a small spring catch 67 is
so that they will swing downwardly and drop from hori
7 attached to wall 66 by a rivet 68. The rearward end of
zontal to vertical position, whereby the articles on the
each shelf 63 rests on its corresponding rearwardly ex
tending spring catch 67 (FIG. 15). This extra support 70 shelves may drop downwardly within the casing, said
moving means comprising a climber slidably mounted on
allows for a heavy object to be placed on the shelf. It
the casing, said climber having means to engage the
should be noted, as in FIG. 14, that in the horizontal po
shelves for moving such shelves relative to the casing to
sition each shelf is hinged on an angle between walls 50a
releasing position, a spring latch on the climber engage
and 66 for a reason which will hereinafter be described.
Attached to the forward surface of wall 50a adjacent 75 able with the first mentioned notches, one at a time, to
7
3
maintain the climber at each level to which the climber
is raised, said casing having cam means at the notches
engaging the spring latch to permit movement of the latch
out of each notch after the climber is moved upwardly,
whereby to permit the latch to snap into the next upper
notch in said casing, and a second spring latch on said
climber engageable in the notches of the slider so that
edge, a slider mounted for reciprocation relative to the
to and spaced from the vertical edge of said ?rst vertical
wall, said vertical wall of said slider being formed with
notches opposed to and symmetrically disposed with
each time the slider moves up the climber will be raised,
and said slider having cam means at each notch to permit
mounted on and between said walls, a member on said
support, means to limit reciprocation of the slider to a
distance between adjacent notches, said slider having a
wall in the plane of the ?rst wall, having an edge parallel
respect to the notches in the ?rst wall, a climber slidably
the slider to move downwardly without interference by 10 climber having a pair of latches pivoted thereto about
the slider, whereby as said climber is reciprocated down
parallel axes perpendicular to said walls, said latches be
wardly and upwardly the climber is raised one lever each
ing spaced from one another and being formed with
time the slider reciprocates once downwardly and once
?ngers at the upper ends thereof, one to selectively en
upwardly.
gage the ledges of the notches in the ?rst wall, and the
2. The combination of claim 1, in combination with
other to engage the ledges in the notches of the slider
means to prevent the climber from moving upwardly
wall, said slider being movable downwardly to cause a
concurrently relative to the casing and slider, whereby
cam edge of the notch therein to press one latch toward
the climber can only move upwardly with the slider when
the other, spring means biasing the ?ngers of the latches
it is raised by the slider.
away from each other, whereby when the slider moves
3. The combination of claim 1, said spring latches 20 downwardly the distance between a pair of adjacent levels,
having ?ngers receivable in said notches and located at
said one latch will snap onto the ledge of the next ad
the same horizontal level and movable toward and away
jacent notch, spring means to raise the slider every time
from each other, and said casing and slider being so con
the slider is moved downwardly a distance equal to the
structed as to form passages between opposed pairs of
distance between adjacent levels and released, whereby
notches, and the width of said passages being less than
to raise the climber, the cam edge of a notch in the ?rst
the combined widths of said ?ngers so that if the ?ngers
wall causing the other latch to move toward the ?rst
are moved together they cannot pass through said pas
latch whereby to permit the climber to be raised together
sages while the slider is stationary relative to the casing,
with the slider until said other latch snaps into the
the construction being such that when the slider moves
notch next above.
downwardly, the second latch is cammed toward the ?rst
9. The combination of claim 8, the space between the
latch by the slider until the second latch snaps into the
vertical edges of said ?rst and second walls being less
next adjacent higher notch in the slider, and whereby,
than the combined widths of the two ?ngers of said
when the slider then moves upwardly, the ?rst latch is
latches, whereby the climber cannot move upwardly rela
cammed inwardly toward the second latch by the cam
tive to both the support and the slider.
means on the casing and moves upwardly through a
10. The combination of claim 9, said member being
passage.
pivoted to the climber about a horizontal axis parallel
4. In combination, a vertical support having openings
to said walls, whereby said member may be moving about
at different levels each comprising an enlarged portion
said pivot to move the ?ngers of the latches away from
and a horizontal slot extending therefrom, a plurality of
said walls and out of said notches to permit the climber
equally spaced shelves one above the other at said di?Fer
ent levels one for each opening, each having a ?at por
tion in the slot extension of the opening at its level to
retain the shelf on said support in horizontal position,
ll. In combination, a support having a pair of parallel
opposed ?anges, a plurality of shelves having rear por
.and said shelf being adapted to swing down to vertical
oppositely extending extensions at the rear thereof, one
position when their ?at portions are moved into the en
?ange having bearing openings to rotatively receive the
larged portions of said openings, a vertical slider mounted
on said support for vertical reciprocation for a distance
equal to the space between two adjacent shelves, a
climber, means to raise the climber the vertical distance
between adjacent shelves each time the slider is moved
upwardly a vertical distance between adjacent shelves,
means to retain the climber on the support at the level
to which it is lifted each time the slider moves down
wardly, means on the climber to move the shelf at the
level to which it is lifted to bring the ?at portion thereof
into the enlarged portion of its opening, so that said shelf
will swing down about its hinged connection to the sup
port, and means to prevent the climber from moving up
wardly relative, concurrently, to both the support and
the slider at the same time.
to be freely moved up and down.
tions disposed between said ?anges, said shelves having
extensions at adjacent ends of said shelves, the other ex
tensions being ?at .and said other ?ange having openings
to receive said ?at extensions, said openings in said other
?ange each comprising an enlarged portion in which a
?at extension may rotate, and a horizontal slot portion
extending from the enlarged portion of the opening to
receive a ?at extension, to non-rotatively support the
shelf, spring means to bias the ?at extension of each shelf
into its slot, and means to selectively move said ?at ex
tensions against said spring means out of the slots and
into the enlarged portions of said openings in said other
?ange, whereby to permit the shelves to rotate.
12. In combination, a support having a back wall,
?anges extending forwardly from the sides of said rear
wall, a shelf having a rear portion disposed between said
5. The combination of claim 4, in combination with 60 ?anges, said ?anges being formed with a pair of opposed
means at the upper end of the slider to prevent move
horizontally aligned openings, said pair of opposed open
ment of the slider downwardly relative to the climber.
ings comprising an opening in one ?ange, an extension
6. The combination of claim 4, said last means includ
adjacent one side of said shelf rotatively received in said
ing means on the climber releasable from both the slider
opening,
the other opening of said pair of openings com
and support to permit free sliding movement up and down 65 prising a horizontal slot portion and an enlarged por
of the said climber relative to said support and slider.
tion communicating with said slot portion, a ?at exten
7. The combination of claim 6, in combination with
sion at the other side of said shelf, said last mentioned
means on the climber to release the shelves for down
ward swinging movement upon moving the slider down
wardly.
8. In combination, a support having a vertical edge
and being formed with vertically equally spaced notches
at said edge, each notch having a lower ledge and a
extension being ?at and being adapted to be received
70 in the slot for maintaining the shelf in horizontal posi
tion, spring means to retain said last mentioned extension
in said slot, and means to move one end of the shelf
against the pressure of said spring means to move said
last mentioned extension out of said slot and into the
cammed edge extending upwardly from the ledge to said 75 enlarged portion in which latter position the shelf may
3,087,663
10
openings to permit the moved shelves to swing down to
rotate downwardly about said extensions from horizontal
vertical positions.
to vertical position.
15. The combination of claim 14, in combination with
13. The combination of claim 12, said spring means
a vertical slider mounted for reciprocation on said sup~
urging the shelf away from said support, said slot ex
tending forwardly from the enlarged portion, a second 5 port, and means controlled by reciprocation of said slider
to actuate said moving means.
support in opposed relation to the ?rst support, and
means on the second support to support the free end of
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
the shelf when said shelf is in horizontal position.
UNITED STATES PATENTS
14. In combination, a support having at different levels,
10
749,535
Dawes ______________ _._ Ian. 12, 1904
openings, each having an enlarged portion and a hori
1,004,856
1,275,983
1,322,173
1,916,530
zontal narrow extension, a shelf for each level, each
shelf having means non-rotatable in said extension and
rotatable in said enlarged portion, spring means to bias
said means of each shelf into said extension to hold the 15
2,203,834
ly, ‘against said spring means, in their own planes to bring
said means thereof into the enlarged portions of said
2,203,847
2,623,804
2,652,304
2,904,216
shelf in horizontal position and means to move said
shelves one at a time in series, from the bottom upward
Dawes _______________ _._ Oct. 3,
Rasmussen __________ __ Aug. 13,
Baker ______________ __ Nov. 18,
Richardson __________ __ July 4,
Mergens ____________ __ June 11,
Steiner _____________ __ June 11,
Neidig _____________ __ Dec. 30,
Gabrielsen __________ __ Sept. 15,
Poland _____________ __ Sept. 15,
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