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Патент USA US3037782

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June 5, 1962
3,037,772
J. L. BONANNO
EXPLODING TOY VEHICLE
Filed Jan. 20, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR
(/OSEP/l A. ?o/v/w/m
BY
7
/ 7%???”
ATTORN EYS
June 5, 1962
3,037,772
J‘ L. BONANNO
EXPLODING TOY VEHICLE
Filed Jan. 20, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
FT:
BY
3”
, M ¢ 774%
ATTORNEYS
June 5, 1962
3,037,772
J. |_. BONANNO
EXPLODING TOY VEHICLE
Filed Jan. 20, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
_
INVENTOR
M535?” 1 . Bow/7mm
BY
1% m
WMZZNEZ
3,037,772
Patented June 5, 1962
2
3,037,772
of FIG. 6 and showing the sequential movement of the
car sides and roof;
FIG. 8 is a cross sectional view of the car with the
Joseph L. Bonanno, South Grange, N.J., assignor to The
impulse arm in -a fully extended position and the remov
Lionel Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of
New York
able roof and sides in motion;
FIG. 9 is a partial view showing the lower side of a
Filed Jan. 20, 1960, Ser. No. 3,560
4 Claims. (Cl. 273-1021)
car base employing an alternate arm latching embodi
ment; and
The present invention relates in general to model rail
FIG. 10 is a partial cross sectional view taken along
way cars and in particular to a railway car capable of 10 line 10-10 of FIG. 9.
EXPLODING TOY VEHICLE
simulating the results of an explosion.
In one form of the invention a toy railroad freight
car with removable sides and roof portions is provided.
The car bed has mounted thereon a spring biased impulse
arm which is capable of being cocked and latched in a
loaded position.
The car bed also contains stationary
end portions which provide a support for a slidably en
gaged car roof. In operation a side wall of the toy
railroad car is loosely placed in an upright position
and is capable of inward pivotable motion to trigger
the impulse arm unlatching mechanism. The release of
the impulse arm will successively knock oi? the car roof
and sides to thereby realistically simulate the effect of
either an internal car explosion or the direct hit by a
projectile.
A safety locking bar or pin is provided to prevent ac
cidental tripping of the spring biased impulse arm by
the movable side wall during periods when it is not de
sired that the railroad car explode. When operation of
the impulse ‘mechanism is desired it is merely necessary
to remove the locking bar, whereupon a direct hit by a
missile or severe jarring over bumpy tracks will cause
the realistic simulation of the car’s destruction.
The invention provides a novel combination of parts
releasably secured to a car bed and employs an impulse
arm latching mechanism which cooperates with a movable
side wall of the car to effectuate triggering of the im
pulse arm mechanism.
The invention also provides a novel cooperation be
tween the safety bar mechanism and the impulse arm
latching mechanism.
An object of the invention is, therefore, to provide
a toy car capable of simulating the result of an explosion.
Another object of the invention is to provide a model
railway car which contains a spring biased impulse mech
anism and removable sides and roof portions.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
collapsible model railway car which, after collapse, is
capable of easy reconstruction and resetting so that a
second simulated explosion may be performed.
Another object of the invention is to provide a col
lapsible toy body which is simple in design, realistic and
Referring to FIG. 1, ‘a car 10 is shown in exploded
fashion with the roof 12 in an arti?cally raised‘ position.
A trigger side wall 14 is provided with locating studs 40
which cooperate with the apertures 38 in a car bed 18
to locate the bottom edge of
along the car bed. Similarly,
is provided with locating studs
respective apertures 38. in the
lower edge.
the trigger side wall 14
an opposite side wall 16
40 which cooperate with
car bed 18 to locate its
The spacing between the locating studs
40, 40 on each side wall differs so that their position
on the car bed cannot be interchanged. The upper edge
of each car side wall is provided with an outward move
ment restraining catch 46 which is engageable with a
pad portion 47 on the underside of the roof 12. The car
25 roof is slidably engageable with the forward and rear
car ends, respectively, 20 and 22. Irreversible roof orien
tation is obtained with respect to the car bed by the pro
vision of tongue portions 42 and groove portions 44 on
the inner side of the car ends. It should be noted that
the forward car end has a thicker tongue and associated
groove than the rearward car end, thereby accomplishing
this one way orientation of the roof to the car bed. When
the car roof is placed atop the car ends, the sides of the
car may be assembled by the placement of the studs
" 40 in their respective apertures 38 and the upward pivot
ing of the car sides so that the‘ side catches 46 slidably
engage the roof pads 47‘.
The car ends 20 and 22 are
rigidly secured to the bed portion 18 and are provided
on one side with a wall retaining ?ange 23.
This re
taining ?ange ‘acts to prevent further inward motion of
the wall 16.
Mounted upon the car bed is an impulse mechanism
shown generally at 24. This mechanism comprises an
impulse arm 26 pivotally mounted on ?anges 29‘ which
45
are formed from punched portions of the car bed 18.
The impulse arm 26 is biased by'a coil spring 218 so
that the free end of the arm has a ‘rest position toward
the forward end of the car. An arm latch 30 is mounted
50 on a pivot 36 which is ‘formed from bed 18. The arm
latch '30‘ has a sear portion 34 cut into an edge thereof at
a point above the pivot point 36, Integral with the latch
30 is a safety bar locking ?ange 32 which also provides
neat in appearance, simple and durable in construction
a trigger or release surface which is operated by the in
and economical to manufacture.
ward
vmotion of the car side wall 14 to thereby release
For a better understanding of the nature of the in 55 the impulse arm from the sear 34.
vention, reference should be had to the accompanying
An aperture 54 in the roof 12 is in vertical alignment
drawings in which:
with a similarly sized aperture 56 in the base 18. These
FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of the invention;
apertures are spaced so that after cocking of the impulse
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the invention with the
arm 26 a pin 52 ‘may be inserted downward through the
car roof removed;
apertures to thereby restrain any motion of the trigger
FIG. 3 is a bottom plan view showing the underside of
release surface 32, In this manner, the cooked impulse
the car roof;
arm mechanism will not he accidentally set off by normal
FIG. 4 is a partial cross sectional view taken along
jarring. The side wall 14 has an inwardly projecting trig
‘line 4-4 of FIG. 2 showing the safety bar in position
65 ger shelf 15 which extends for a substantial distance longi
and the impulse arm cocked and latched;
tudinally along the side wall and in close proximity to the
FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view taken along line 5-5
trigger
?ange 3-2 of the arm latch 30'. The shelf 15 acts to
of FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a partial section of the invention showing
the impulse arm positioned at the instant of contact with
the car side during its release movement;
FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view taken along line 7-7
limit inward motion of the trigger side wall 14 by light
abutment against the ?ange 32 when the safety bar‘ 52
is in place. When the safety ‘bar is removed inward mo
tion of the shelf 15 will cause release of the impulse arm.
The horizontal inner edge portion 15a of the shelf
3,037,772
3
15 cooperates with an oblique portion 25 of the impulse
upon said car ends temporarily
4 restraining inward
.
, move
arm 26 during the arm release to project the side 14
up and outwardly. FIG. 6,‘ illustrates the initial contact
temporarily restraining outward movement of said second
ment of said second side wall, means upon said car roof
car wall, and impulse arm unlatching means positioned
in close adjacent relation to an upper inside portion of
said ?rst side wall so that said means is actuated by in~
ward movement of said ?rst car side wall whereby said
spring biased impulse arm will be released from a cocked
contacted by the free end of the impulse arm 26. It can
position and contact the car roof and the temporary re
be readily seen that upon the release of the impulse arm
with the subsequent jarring of the roof and trigger.wall 10 straint upon said car side walls will be removed.
2. A collapsible model railroad car comprising a car
from the car that the remaining side wall will be unsup
bed, upstanding immovably secured car ends mounted on
ported and shaken from its position. This latter wall re
said car bed, ?rst and second removable car sides, posi—
moval is aided by the inertia of the latch corner 58 con
tioning
means on the lower edge of said ?rst and second
tacting the side wall 16.
'
car sides engageable with said car bed, ‘said positioning
In operation it can easily be seen how a very realistic
made by the oblique portion 25 upon release of the im
pulse mechanism. This oblique camming surface acts
to outwardly and upwardly push the trigger wall at ap
proximately the same instant that the roof is ?rst being
simulated explosion may be accomplished using the
means allowing both inwardly and outwardly pivotal
mechanism of the car previously described. To construct
the car the impulse arm is latched in a cooked position
movement of said car sides on said bed, a car roof sup
engage the ?ange 32 and prevent accidental tripping of
pulse arm latching means mounted on said car bed to
depending sear portion 66 extending beneath the car
bed 18. In this embodiment an externalsafety lever 60
receiving aperture therein, upstanding car ends mounted
ported by said car ends, an impulse arm pivotally mount
ed at one end of said car bed and of su?icient length
and the roof is properly indexed and gently laid in place
upon the car end portions. The locking bar 52 is next 20 when pivoted to contact said car roof, spring means bias
ing said impulse arm toward one end of said car bed, im
inserted into the aligned apertures 54 and 56 to thereby
hold said impulse arm in a cocked position, said impulse
the impulse mechanism. The side walls 14 and 16 are
arm latching means including a portion in close adjacent
then next located along their lower edges on the sides of
the car bed and pivotally raised into a vertical position 25 relation to an upper inside portion of said ?rst car side
wall when in an arm latching position, positioning means
to engage the edge portions of the car roof. In this condi
upon said second car side wall maintaining it in a sub
tion the railroad car presents a very normal, structurally
stantially vertical position in contact with said car bed
complete, appearance and for realism purposes may be
and roof, and means on the upper edge of said ?rst side
externally marked “explosives,” “handle with care,” “do
wall engageable with said car roof to restrain outward
not jar,” etc,
movement thereof whereby upon inward motion of said
When a simulated explosion is desired the safety bar
?rst side wall a portion of said impulse arm latching means
need only be removed and the trigger wall urged inward
is contacted to thereby release said cocked impulse arm.
to release the impulse arm.
3. A model railroad car capable of simulating the effect
Referring to FIGS. 9 and 10 another form of the in
of an explosion comprising, a car bed having a safety bar
vention is shown wherein an impulse arm latch 64 has a,
is pivoted beneath the car bed on a rivet 68. The safety
, lever has an outer end protruding beyond the car side to
on said car bed, ?rst and second car sides, positioning
means on the lower edge of said ?rst and second 'car
sides engageable with said car bed, said positioning means
allow easy access to the train operator while the inner 40 allowing both inwardly and outwardly pivotal movement
of said car sides on said car bed, a car roof having a
end is provided with a locking ear portion '62 which en
safety bar receiving aperture in vertical alignment with
gages the latch sear 66 to prevent accidental release of
said car bed aperture, said car roof supported by said
the impulse arm 26. In the position shown in FIG. 9
car ends, an impulse arm pivotably mounted on said car
the safetylever 60 is in a locking position and it can
readily be seen how a small clockwise motion thereof 45 bed and of su?icient length when pivoted to contact said
car roof, spring means biasing said impulse arm toward
will arm the impulse mechanism to ready the car for .a
one end of said car bed, impulse arm latching means
simulated explosion.
Although the invention has been described in the pre
ferred embodiment of a railroad car, it is equally suitable
for simulating an explosion in any toy vehicle, such as a
toy truck or automobile. The conventional railroad truck
mounted on said car bed to hold said impulse arm in a
cooked position, impulse arm unlatching means in close
proximity to an upper portion of said ?rst car side wall,
positioning means upon said second car side wall main—
taining it in a substantially vertical position in contact with
said car ends, bed and roof, means upon the upper edge
included for illustrative purposes only.
While a speci?c embodiment of the invention has been 55 of said ?rst side wall engageable with said car roof to
restrain outward movement thereof whereby upon inward
shown and described in detail to illustrate the application
movement of said ?rst side wall said impulse arm unlatch
of the invention principles, it will bezunderstood that the
ing means is actuated to thereby release said impulse arm.
invention may be embodied otherwise without departing
4. A toy model'railway car capable of simulating the
from such principles.
effect of an explosion according to claim 3, including in
What is claimed is:'
addition, manually operated safety means extending
l. A model railroad car capable of simulating the e?ect
through the bed and roof apertures to engage said im
of an explosion comprising a car bed, upstanding car
portion shown in dotted lines beneath the car bed 18 is
ends secured on said car bed, a car roof slidably secured
to said car ends, a spring biased impulse arm pivotally
secured to said car bed and of a length greater than said
car roof to car bed clearance distance,-impulse arm latch 65
ing means on said car bed to hold said arm in a pre-cocked
position, a ?rst side wall resting upon a longitudinal edge
of said car bed adapted to pivot inwardly about the longi- '
tudinal edge of said car bed, means temporarily engaging
pulse arm and said arm unlatching means to prevent ac
cidental release of said impulse means.
'
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS '
1,300,177
Kohn ________________ __ Apr. 8, 1919
2,472,297
Holt __________________ __ June 7, 1949
said ?rst car side wall upper edge with said car roof to 70
prevent outward motion thereof, a second car side wall
resting upon a longitudinal edge of said car bed, means
FOREIGN PATENTS
284,762
Great Britain _____ __'____.. Feb. 3, 1928
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