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Патент USA US3038175

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June 12, 1962
R. F. o‘BRn-:N
l
3,038,169
TOILET
Filed Dec. 23. 1958
PÍÍI'ÍA..
»
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
June l2, 1962
R. F. O'BRIEN
ì
3,038,169
TOILET
Filed Dec. 23. 1958
Íël‘ 46
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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A
il
A.a6
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26
June 12, 1962
R. F. O'BRIEN
3,038,169
TOILET
Filed DeC. 23. 1958
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
tats
l
3,038,159
TOILET
Robert F. O’Brien, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor to Mis
sion-West Manufacturing Company, Los Angeles,
Calif., a corporation of Delaware
Filed Dec. 23, 1958, Ser. No. 782,489
4 Claims. (Cl. 4--79)
This invention relates to toilets with special reference
to flush toilets, and is particularly directed to the prob
lern of minimizing the amount of water required for the
operation of such toilets. While the invention is broadly
applicable for its purpose and may be used for perma
nent stationary installations in buildings, it has special
utility for use in portable installations, for example in
house trailers, in boats, in airplanes and in portable toilet
structures that are installed for temporary use, for ex
.
e
3,038,169
Patented June 12, 1962
Z
conditions by providing a special overflow passage that
bypasses the toilet bowl closure. A further problem
arises here, however, because such a bypass must have a
water trap to prevent gases from being released from the
catch tank or the equivalent to which the toilet bowl outlet
is connected. The overñow passage is rarely needed in
practice but, of course, the water trap therein is needed
at all times and must be replenished frequently. The in
vention solves this problem of replenishing the water trap
by bleeding olf a small quantity of water to prime or re
plenish the overñow trap whenever the toilet bowl is
flushed.
A further feature of the invention is the provision of
a vent connection below the toilet bowl outlet closure for
the purpose of Venting the catch tank or the like into
which the toilet discharges. Whenever it is desired to
provide such a vent, it is a simple matter to attach a vent
ample, on construction projects.
pipe to this vent connection.
For the basic purpose of maximum economy in the
The above and other features and advantages of the
utilization of water in the flushing of a toilet bowl, the
invention will be apparent from the following detailed
feature of the invention is the concept of providing a nor 20 description considered with the accompanying drawings.
mally closed closure means for the toilet bowl outlet for
In the drawings, which are to be regarded as merely
normally retaining `a body of water in the toilet bowl
illustrative:
and of further providing an associated normally closed
FIG. l is a perspective view of a toilet bowl assembly
supply valve for replacingy the body of water. The closure
embodying the presently preferred practice of the inven
25
means and the supply valve are adapted to be opened by
tion;
'
a common manual control, the supply valve being adapted
FIG. 2 is a View of the supply valve that operates with
to close with a time delay after the closure means closes.
By virtue of this arrangement, the closure means may be
the delayed closing action, the view being partly in sec
tion with portions of the internal valve mechanism shown
in side elevation;
manually opened to release the body of water from the
toilet bowl for a flushing operation. When this operation 30 FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 with the internal
is carried out, the supply valve may be mechanically
-mechanism of the valve shown in cross section;
actuated to deliver fresh water to the toilet bowl, and
FlG. 4 is a sectional View of the toilet bowl assembly
when the manual m-eans restores the closure means to its
shown in FIG. l;
closed position, the supply valve closes with a delay suf
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary side elevation of the toilet bowl
35
iicient to permit the body of water to be replaced.
assembly with a cover plate removed, the view being
It will readily be appreciated that such a combination
taken as indicated by the line 5~5 of FIG. 4;
of a manually operable closure means for a toilet bowl
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the cover plate showing
and a manually operable supply valve may take various
a vent pipe fitting thereon that may be used, if desired;
forms in various practices of the invention. In the pre
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary rear elevation of the toilet
ferred practice of the invention, the normally closed clo 40 bowl as seen along the line 7_7 of FIG. 4; and
sure means is operated by a foot pedal and the normally
FIG. 8 is a perspective View with portions broken away
closed supply valve is actuated by a cam operated by the
showing a portable toilet structure for temporary use on
foot pedal. When the foot pedal is released to permit the
construction projects and the like.
closure means to return to its normal closed position, the
supply valve is released for delayed closing action, the 45
supply valve being adjustable to discharge a desired quan
tity of water during its delayed closing action to replen
ish the toilet bowl.
One probl-em that arises in the use of such a toilet as
General Arrangement
The principal parts of the toilet bowl assembly in_
cludes: a toilet bowl 10 equipped with the usual seat 12
and hinge cover 14; a water supply pipe 15 equipped with
a cut-olf valve 16; a special delayed-closing supply valve,
sembly in a house trailer is the need for emptying the 50 generally designated 18, having its inlet connected to the
toilet bowl of water in preparation for moving the trailer
water supply pipe 15, the supply valve being adapted for
along the highway. In this regard, a feature of the inven
actuation by depression of an operating plunger 20; a riser
tion is the concept of employing a manual control, such
pipe 22 connected to the supply valve 18 to receive the
as a foot pedal, movable through a given operating range,
water discharged therefrom; a conventional vacuum break
with the toilet bowl outlet closure means responsive to an 55 er 24t- connected to the riser pipe 22; a pipe 25 from the
initial portion of the operating range and the normally
vacuum breaker to a supply manifold 26 incorporated in
closed supply valve responsive only to a later portion of
the rim structure of the toilet bowl 10, this manifold hav
the operating range. This arrangement permits »the re
ing a plurality of ports 28 for discharging the supply of
quired joint opera-tion of the closure and the supply valve
water into the interior of the toilet bowl; a closure 30 for
60
by movement of the manual control over its complete
the outlet 32 of the toilet bowl for normally retaining a
operating range but makes it possible to empty the toilet
body of water 34 in the toilet bowl, the closure being
bowl with-out the addition of fresh water simply by mov
spring-biased to its normal closed position; a foot pedal 35
ing the manual control through only the initial portion of
for manually opening the closure 30; a cam 36 operatively
its range of operation.
connected to the foot pedal 35 to depress the operating
Another problem arises from the possibility that the 65 plunger Ztl of the supply valve 18 after the foot pedal
supply valve may fail to close completely in the delay
has initially opened the closure 30; an overflow passage
period that follows release of the valve by the manual
38 incorporated in the curved wall of the toilet bowl 10
control. In that event, fresh water may continue to be
to receive overflow from an overflow port 40 in the toilet
supplied to the toilet bowl for an indefinite period of time,
bowl and to bypass the closure 30 for delivering the over
with the toilet bowl outlet closed by the closure. The 70 flow to a drainage passage 42 below the closure, the over
linvention prevents overflow `of the toilet bowl under such
flow passage being of a configuration with a reversed
3,038,1@9
3
4
curvature to form a trap 44 (FIG. 7) to retain a quantity
of liquid 45 to seal off the room space from the drainage
passage 42; and a bleeder port 46 in the manifold 26 for
of which it is mounted on a rocker arm 70. The rocker
arm 70 is carried by a transverse rocker shaft '72 which is
priming the overflow passage 38 to replenish the quantity
of liquid 35 in the trap 44.
Operation
The manner in which the invention operates for its pur
pose may be readily appreciated from this brief summary
of the structure and from an inspection of the drawings.
Normally the closure 30 closes the toilet bowl outlet 32
as shown in FIG. 4 to retain the body of water 34 in the
toilet bowl and normally the supply valve 18 is closed.
To llush the toilet, the pedal 35 is completely depressed to
swing the closure 30 open to release the body of water 34
into the discharge passage 42. For this purpose, the oper
ator completely depresses the pedal 35 and thereby causes
the cam 36 also to depress the operating plunger 20 for
opening the supply valve 18. The operator may keep the
pedal 35 completely depressed to continue to ñush the
toilet bowl 10 briefly with fresh water, the pedal then being
released to permit the closure 30 to swing back to its
normal closed position. The cam 36 releases the operat
ing plunger 20 of the supply Valve 18 when the foot
pedal 35 is released but the operating plunger returns
only slowly to its normal position with consequent con
tinued supply of water by the valve 18 after the closure
30 cuts off the toilet bowl outlet 32. The delayed closing
journaled in the cylindrical pedestal 48 with the oppo
site ends of the shaft exposed on the opposite sides of the
pedestal. A suitable torque spring 74 with its opposite
ends anchored to the cylindrical pedestal is wrapped
around the rocker shaft 72 in the manner shown in FIG.
5 to urge the closure 30 to its closed position and to main
tain normal sealing contact between the closure and the
valve seat 66.
One exposed end of the rocker shaft 72 carries an
actuating rocker arm 75 which is connected by a link 76
with the foot pedal 35. The foot pedal 35 is mounted on
the side of the cylindrical pedestal 48 by a suitable pivot
means 78 and is normally held in the position shown in
FIG. 4 by the force of the torque spring 74. The second
exposed end of the rocker shaft 72 carries the previously
mentioned cam 36 for actuating the operating plunger
20 of the supply valve 18.
It is to be understood that any suitable type of delayed
closing supply valve may be employed. In the present
embodiment of the invention, the supply valve 18 is of the
general type disclosed in Patent No. 1,995,792. The
specific embodiment of the valve is known as the Chicago
Faucet, Model 333X33327K.
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the supply valve 18 has a
body 80 in the form of a casting having an inlet passage 82
for connection to the supply pipe 15 and a discharge pas
action of the supply valve 18 is sufficient to restore the
sage 84 for connection to the riser pipe 22. Fixedly
body of water 34, the water being supplied through the
mounted in the valve body 80 is a valve shell 85, the
30 construction of which is best shown in FIG. 3. The valve
manifold 26 and the manifold ports 28.
During the prolonged period of time in which the sup
shell has an internally threaded flange 86 which over
ply valve 18 is open, a small portion of the water supply
hangs the upper rim of the valve 80 and is threaded
bleeds out of the manifold 26 through the bleeder port 46
thereto with a suitable gasket 88 interposed to seal the
into the overflow passage 38 to maintain the quantity of
joint.
liquid 45 in the overflow passage trap 44. In the event 35
The valve shell 85 has a tapered circumferential shoul
the supply valve 18 fails to close completely, the water
discharged from the manifold 26 through the manifold
der 90 which seats in a correspondingly tapered annular
shoulder 92 in the valve `body 80 to cut off a lower inlet
chamber 94 in the valve body from an upper outlet
ports 28 ñlls the toilet bowl to the level of the overflow
port 40 and the excess water overflows through the port
chamber 95. The inlet chamber 94 is in communication
40 with the supply pipe 15 through the inlet passage 82 and
40 into the overñow passage 38.
In the event that it is desired to empty the body of
the outlet chamber 95 is in communication with the riser
water 34 from the toilet bowl, for example in preparation
pipe 22 through the discharge passage 84. The valve
for transporting a house trailer along a highway, it is
necessary merely to depress the foot pedal 35 through a
relatively short range to swing the closure 30 to a partially
shell 85 forms an internal valve seat 96 in the region of
the circumferential shoulder 90, which valve seat is nor
mally closed from below by a valve member 98 that is
open position. The foot pedal is not depressed far enough
to cause the cam 36 to actuate the operating plunger 20
of the supply valve 18. The body of water may be re
placed later with economy by quickly completely de
pressing and releasing the foot pedal to operate the supply
valve 18 to cause the toilet bowl to be replenished in the
manner heretofore described.
carried by the previously mentioned operating plunger 20‘.
In the construction shown, the operating plunger 20
comprises a cap member 100 and an axial stem 102 united
therewith, the cap member overhanging the upper end
of the valve shell 85 and the axial stem carrying the valve
member 98. The lower portion of the valve shell 85 be
low the valve seat 96 forms a dashpot chamber 104
which is spanned by a piston, generally designated 105.
Strucz‘uralv Details
The piston 105 comprises a flanged gasket 106 of rub
The toilet bowl 10 may be made of the usual vitreous 55 ber-like material sandwiched between two annular mem
material and, in the construction shown, is mounted on a
bers 108 and 110. The annular assembly comprising the
cylindrical metal pedestal 48 which forms the toilet bowl
outlet 32 and also forms the drainage passage 42. A suit
able gasket 50 is interposed between the toilet bowl and
the pedestal 48 and the toilet bowl is firmly joined to the
pedestal by a split joint ring 52 which may be tightened
by a pair of diametrically opposite screws 54.
valve member 98 and the piston 105 is clamped against
The closure 30 is made of rubber-like material with a
spherically curved upper surface for normal sealing con
tact with a valve seat 66 formed by the inner circum
tures 120 which are covered from below by a thick per
vious felt washer 122. The felt washer 122 is secured
by a metal washer 124 and a central screw 125 which
ferential wall of the cylindrical pedestal 48. In the con
threads into the bottom wall of the dashpot chamber.
an annular chamber 112 of the plunger stem 102 by a
nut 114 that is threaded on the lower end of the stem.
The operating plunger 20 is normally held in its upper
position by a suitable coil spring 115 that surrounds the
stern 102 in compression between the cap member 100
The lower end of the pedestal 48 is formed with a floor
and annular packing 116 that surrounds the stem to close
ñange 55 for anchorage of the pedestal to a floor 56 by
the interior of the valve shell 85.
means of bolts 58 and corresponding nuts 60. In the 65
The upper portion of the dashpot chamber 10‘4 has a
construction shown, a sealing gasket 62 and a conven
plurality of inlet apertures 118 in communication with the
tional closet ilange 64 are interposed between the floor 56
surrounding inlet chamber 94 into which the lower end
and the iloor ñange 55 under compression by the bolts 58.
of the valve shell 85 extends. The lower end of the dash
The closet flange 64 is connected to the usual drainage
pot
chamber 104 has a plurality of small bleeder aper
pipe or sewer pipe 65.
70
struction shown, the closure 30 has a stem 68 by means 75 Above the valve seat 96, the valve shell 85 has a circum
5
d
ferential series of outlet apertures 126 in communication
with the surrounding outlet chamber 95.
My description in specific detail of the selected embodi
ment of the invention will suggest various changes, substi
n
Normally the valve member 98 is held firmly against
the valve seat 96 by the force of the coil spring 115 and
the Water pressure to cut off the outlet chamber 95 from
the inlet chamber 94. When the operating plun-ger 20 1s
depressed by the cam 36, the valve member 98 is unseated
to permit ñuid ñow through the supply valve from the
supply pipe 15 to the riser pipe 22. The fluid from the
supply pipe 15' reaches the inlet chamber 94 through the
tutions and other departures from my disclosure within
the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. In a toilet for removing waste material deposited
by a person using the toilet and for removing such wastev
material by a tlow of water upon a llushing of the toilet,
a bowl defined by walls and having a `hollow contigu
inlet passage 82 and enters the upper portion of the dash
ration to define a íirst passage and having a ñrst
pot chamber 104 through the inlet apertures 118. The
water flows out of the dashpot chamber 104 through the
opening at the top 4to receive waste material from
the person using the toilet and having a port near
the top to introduce water to the bowl for fthe ñow
of water through the iirst passage deiined by the
|bowl and having an outlet at the bottom to pass the
water and the waste material after the flow of the
valve seat 96 and then flows out through the outlet aper
tures 126 into the outlet chamber 95 for release to the
riser pipe 22 through the discharge passage 84.
The downward movement of the operating plunger 20
shifts the dashpot piston 105 downward to force water out
water Athrough the passage defined by the wall,
of the lower end of the dashpot chamber 104 through
the bleeder apertures 120 and through the material of 20
the felt washer 122. When the operating plunger 20 is
released by the cam 36, the coil spring 11S forces the
operating plunger gradually upward to restore the valve
member 9‘8 to its normally closed position against the
a portion of the bowl being shaped to deñne an over
valve seat 9‘6. This upward movement of the operating
plunger 2t) is retarded because water may enter the lower
end of the dashpot chamber 104 below the piston 105
valve means pivotable at a fulcrum in the overflow '
only by passing through the material of the felt washer
122 and the felt washer restricts the rate of flow. lf the
piston tends to rise faster than permitted by the bleeder 30
flow through the felt washer, the tendency is counteracted
by the consequent `drop in pressure in the dashpot cham
ber below the piston. The rate at which the operating
plunger 20 moves upward to cut off the llow of water
varies with the degree to which the felt washer 122 is 35
compressed by the screw 125. It is a simple matter to ad
just the screw 12S to provide a closing rate for the valve
that will result in the desired volume of the body of water
34 in the toilet bowl.
Access to the drainage passage 42 and to the closure 40
30 may be gained by removing -a cover plate 128 that nor
mally closes a rectangular access opening 130 (FIG. 5) in
the overflow passage to the outlet upon the actuation
of the actuatable means to obtain a flow of water
disposition of the valve means in the second rela
2. In a toilet for removing waste material deposited
by a person using the toilet and for removing such waste
material by a How of water upon a liushing of the toilet,
50
FIG. 8 shows a portable room formed by four walls
140, a Hoor 142 and a roof 144. The portable room, for
example, may be the toilet room of a house trailer. In
the construction shown, however, the portable room is a 55
toilet structure to be installed temporarily at construction
jobs and the like. The toilet room may be readily lifted
by a lift fork F for transportation.
The toilet bowl assembly in FIG. 8 is of the previously
described construction comprising a toilet bowl 10 mount
ed on a cylindrical metal pedestal 48. The drainage pas 60
sage formed by the pedestal 48 is connected by a drain~
age pipe 145 with a catch tank 146 below the Hoor 142.
The chemical catch tank 146, as illustrated, is of rectangu
lar construction with a normally closed drainage port 148
and with a vent pipe 150» extending upward through the 65
roof 144. However, this catch tank may have a cylindri
cal or other suitable shape. Mounted inside the toilet
room at a high level is a suitable pressure water supply
tank 152 supported by brackets 154. The water tank 152
is connected to a supply pipe 15a that is equipped with 70
a shut-oli” valve (not shown) in the manner heretofore
described, and is connected to the inlet passage of the
usual supply valve (not shown) that is part of the toilet
.
actuatable means for obtaining a iiow of water
through the port and through the first passage and
tionship.
a nipple 132 for connection to a vent pipe for venting
the drainage passage 42 to the outdoor atmosphere. If
such a vent pipe is not needed, the nipple 132 is closed
by a threaded cap 134.
bowl assembly.
passage and extending from `the overtiow passage
into the iirst passage of the bowl and operative in
a first pivotable relationship to close the iirst pas
sage against the flow of the water in the iirst pas
sage through the outlet in the bowl and operative in
a second pivotable relationship to open the ñrst
passage for the iiow of the water in the iirst passage
through the outlet in the bowl,
actuatable means operatively coupled to the valve
means and disposed externally of the bowl and ac
tuatable to obtain a pivotable disposition of the
Valve means in the second relationship, and
means operatively coupled to the port and to the
in the tir-st passage through the outlet during the
the side of the cylindrical pedestal 48, the cover plate
being normally secured by suitable screws. As shown in
FIGS. 4 and 6, the cover plate 128 may be equipped with
The Toilet Structure of FIG. 8
ñow passage communicating with the bowl at the
Iíirst opening in the top of the ‘bowl and communi
eating with the outlet to provide yfor the flow of the
Water through the overiiow passage from the port
upon the flushing of the toilet,
75
a bowl deiined by walls and having a hollow contigu
ration to deñne a first passage and having a íirst
opening at the top to receive waste material from
the person using the toilet and having a port near
the top to introduce water to the bowl 4for the flow
of water through the first passage deiined by the
bowl and having an outlet at the bottom to pass the
water and the waste material after the flow of the
water through the passage defined ‘by the bowl,
a portion of the bowl lbeing shaped to define an over
ñow passage which communicates with Ithe bowl at
the ñrst opening in the bowl to receive the water
overflowing the first passage and which communi
cates with the port near the top of the bowl to re
ceive a small portion of the water flowing through
the port to the ñrst passage and which communicates
with the outlet at the bottom of the bowl to pass
the water in the overflow passage vto the outlet,
closure means extending in a ii'rst position across the
dirst passage at a position near the outlet to prevent
the passage of the water in the first passage to the
outlet, the closure means being pivotable to a second
position to provide for a flow of the water in the
iirst passage to the outlet,
control means disposed in the overflow passage to
.receive the water passing through the overflow pas
sage to the outlet for a cleansing of the control
3,038,169
8
7
means, the control means communicating with the
closure means to provide a pivotal movement of the
closure means between the first and second posi
tions in accordance with the actuation of such con
trol means,
5
means operatively coupled to the control means for
biasing the control means to the first position of
the closure means,
'
actuatable means disposed externally of the bowl for
actuation by the person using the toilet and opera- 10
tively coupled to the control means for obtaining
an actuation of `the control means to pivot the
figuration to define a passage and having a first
opening at the top to receive waste material from
the person using the toilet and having a port near
the top to introduce water to the bowl for the flow
of water through the passage defined by the bowl
and having an outlet at the bottom to pass the
water and the waste material after the ñow of the
water through the passage defined by the bowl,
actuatable means disposed externally of the bowl and
initially actuatable from a position of rest to a first
position displaced from the position of rest and
subsequently actuatable to a second position further
closure means from the iirst position to the second
displaced than the iirst position from the position of
position, and
fest,
means operatively coupled to the actuatable means for 15
obtaining a flow of water through the port and the
first passage and the overflow passage to the outlet
upon the actuation of the actuatable means.
by a Person usmg the “met and for âemqvmgfs‘lâ Wills Í
sure means for biasing the closure means to the first
a bOWl defined by WallS and having a hOllOW COIlñgUration to define a passage and having a first opening
at the I[OP t0 feCeÍVe Waste material from the PSYSGD 25
using the toilet and having a port near the top` to
introduce water to the bowl for `the iiOW 0f Water
through the Passage defined by the bGWl and had/ing
an outlet at the bottom t0 PöSS the Water and the
Waste material after the flOW 0f the Water ‘ihfOUgh 30
the passage defined by the bowl,
closure means disposed in the bowl near the outlet and
movable between a first position closing the outlet
against the flow of the Water in the bOWl through
the passage and the outlet and a second position 35
opening the outlet for the flow of the water in the
l
»
through the supply means and the port into the bowl,
sure means for biasing the closure means to the first
position and for obtaining a movement 0f the 40
closure means to the second position upon actuation,
supply means operatively coupled to the port to obtain
an introduction of water through the port into the
'
position and for biasing the actuatable means to
the position of rest,
means operatively coupled to the closure means and
the actuatable means and disposed within the bowl
for moving the closure means from the first position
to the second position upon the actuation of the
actuatable means to the first and second positions,
supply means operatively coupled to the port to obtain
an introduction of Water through the port into the
passage,
valve means operatively coupled to the supply means
and operative in a first relationship to prevent the
passage of water through the supply means and the
port into the bowl and operative in a second re
lationship to provide for the passage of water
closure control means operatively coupled to the clo-
passage,
opening the outlet for the flow of the water 1n the
bowl from the passage through the outlet,
«closure -control means operatively coupled to the clo
ushmg o t e tol e ’
bowl through the outlet,
_
movable between a first position closing the outlet
against the flow of the water in the bowl from the
passage lthrough the outlet and a second position
3 I
.l Í
.
St
t rial de osìted
‘ n a tol @t or removmg Wa e ma??
I
t 20
matemal by a HOW of Water upon a
_
closure means disposed in the bowl near the outlet and
'
biasing means operatively coupled to the valve means
for biasing the valve means in the first operative
relationship,
means operatively coupled to the valve means and the
actuatable means and responsive to the actuation of
the actuatable means to the second position to obtain
valve means operatively coupled to the Supply means 45
an operation of the valve means in the second opera
and biased in a first relationship to prevent the introduction of water from the supply means into the
tive relationship, and
means operatively coupled to the valve means for de
passage and actuatable to a second relationship t0
laying the return of the valve means from the sec
obtainy the flow of water from the supply means into
the passage, and .
ond operative relationship to the first operative re
50
lationship by the biasing means upon the release of
means disposed externally of the bowl and actuatable
by the person using the toilet through a first distance
and through an additional distance extending beyorid the first- distance and operatively coupled to the
closure control means and the valve means to ob- 55
the actuatable means from the second position to
provide for a flow of a limited volume of water
through the supply means and the port into the bowl
upon the return of the closure means to the first
position` 'and upon the return of the actuatable
tain an actuation of the closure means for a move-
means to the position of rest.
ment of the closure means rfrom, the first position to
the second positionV upon an actuation of such ex-
References Cited in the file of this patent
ÍBi'Ilaily disposed IlleaIlS 'ti'll‘OUgh ’the first dis’tal‘lCC
UNITED STATES PATENTS
and to obtain an actuation of the valve means to the 60
econd relationship upon an actuation of such ex-
ternally disposed means through the second distance.
’
_
'
„
'
,
_
2341570
,
Hellyef ------------- -~ NOV' 16» 1880
2640693
Hay et al ------------- -- Sept 12» 1882
430,966
Mayo _______________ __ lune 24,
1890
4. In a toilet for removing waste material deposited
by a person using the toilet and for removing such waste 65
material by a flow of water upon a flushing of the toilet,
`832,897
1,430,417
2,210,630
Duner ________________ __ Oct 9, 1906
Tucker ______________ __ Sept 26l 19.22
Duner _______________ __ Aug 6, 1940
a bowl defined by walls and having a hollow con-
2,449,441
Agra --------------- _- SCPÍ. 14, 1948
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