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Патент USA US3038580

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June 12, 1962
‘
‘Filed April 5, 1957
H. A. ETLING
3,038,570
METAL STORM WINDOW AND SASH THEREFOR ‘
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
HAROLD A. E TL/NG
BMW +
0M0“
June 12, 1962
H. A. ETLING
3,038,570
METAL STORM WINDOW AND SASH THEREFOR
Filed April 5, 1957
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
I1
I
INVENTOR.
HAROLD A. ETL/NG
ATTORNEYS
June 12, 1962
H. A. ETLING
I
3,038,570
METAL STORM WINDOW AND SASH THEREFOR
Filed April 5, 1957
_
s Sheets-Sheet 3
/0
/[20a.
PM
INVENTOR.
HA‘ROLU A‘. ETL/IVG
ATTORNEY$
'
"United States Patent C) ”
main
Patented June 12, 1962
2
double hung metal sashes of special construction, a roll
screen assembly, supplemental rails extending the win
dow height and having laterally outer closed channel
3 038,570
METAL STURM WIN?OW AND SASH THEREFOR
Harold A. Etling, Marshallville, Qhio, assignor to
portions with each such channel having a lug extending
axially inwardly of the window, which supplementary
rails have axially outwardly positioned sash engaging
?anges and axially inwardly opening positioning recesses,
upper and lower sash parting strips engaged with dif
ferent vertical portions of the supplementary rails and
having ?anges for engaging the positioning recesses in
order to engage such parting strips with the supplemen
ilgather-Seal, Inc, Barberton, Ohio, a corporation of
10
Filed Apr. 5, 1957, Set‘. No. 651,013
7 Claims. (81. 189-76)
This invention relates to storm or auxiliary windows
and to sashes therefor, especially to storm windows,
sashes and frames particularly adapted to be made from
metal and to mount the sashes for easy sliding action.
'Heretofore many efforts have been made to provide
tary rails. The lugs on the supplementary rails also en
gage parts of the sash parting, strips to aid in positioning
such strips and retain them in engagement with the as—
storm window constructions that will meet with com
portions of the supplementary rail.
plete public approval and acceptance. These storm win 15 sociated
In describing the storm, or auxiliary window of the
dows in many instances have been made from wood,
whereas other styles of construction have utilized ex
truded metal shapes in forming storm Window frames,
sashes and the like. At the present time, many so-called
invention, the word axially is used to describe the line
normal to a plane de?ned by the storm window of the
invention and with the inner surface of the storm win
dow of course being the surface facing within the build
“self-storing” storm windows utilize some type of a triple 20
mg.
track construction wherein two window sashes are re
Attention should now be directed to the details of the
ceived in two of the tracks, and the third track receives
construction shown in the drawings, and the storm win
the screen which is permanently positioned in the window
dow of the invention is indicated as a whole by the nu
frame. The screen is moved up or down in correlation
25 meral 1. The storm window assembly is positioned with
with movement of one window sash for operative or in
in a conventional window frame 2. that forms part of a
operative positioning of the screen, as desired. Various
residence, o?ice building, or the like. The storm win
other types of “self-storing” windows likewise maintain
dow 1 includes a pair of double hung sashes comprising
a window, or a screen, in the window opening even when
such window or screen presumably is inoperatively po
sitioned.
It is diflicult to slide or move the different
sashes in many of these storm windows.
an upper sash 3 and a lower sash 4 with a housing 5 be
30 ing provided at the lower portion of the storm window
1 for storing a roll screen therein.
The general object of the present invention is to pro
wide a novel metal storm window characterized by the
Storm Window Frame and Runner Means
The storm window of the invention comprises as an
ease of sliding metal window sashes in a metal frame. 35 outer adjustable connecting window frame for engaging
Another object of the invention is to provide a metal
the building frame 2, a plurality of metal channels 6
storm window with plastic runners therefor so that a
which extend vertically of the storm window 1 the en
metal to metal contact is avoided between relatively
slidable portions of the window construction.
tire height of the frame 2, and a similar top metal chan
nel 7 that is of the same sectional shape as the side chan
Further objects of the invention are to provide a new 40 nels 6. These channels 6 and 7 all have an axially out
type of a storm window which is of compact, sturdy
wardly directed lip or flange 8 thereon and suitable holes
construction and which can be relatively easily assem
(not shown) are drilled in the channels ‘6 and '7 in the
bled by substantially unskilled labor; to provide novel
corner provided between the ?anges ‘8 and the remainder
extruded metal shapes having desirable properties for a
of the channels so that screws-or nails can conveniently
metal window sash; to provide novel means for securing 45 be engaged with such holes for securing the channels to
components of a metal window sash together; and to
the frame 2. The channels 6 and 7 are all positioned
provide novel sash frame means ‘and plastic runners
with the closed base portions thereof extending laterally
therefor.
‘outwardly of the frame for the storm window 1, and
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the
axially inwardly extending lips 9‘ ‘are provided on the
invention will be made more apparent as the specifica
laterally inner edges of the axially outer legs of the
tion proceeds.
channels for ‘a purpose to be hereinafter described.
When referring to the accompanying drawings and the
To position the sashes 3 and 4 in the window, supple
following speci?cation, corresponding numerals are used
mentary rails 10 engage the side channels 6 and extend
to refer to corresponding parts to facilitate comparison
the height of the storm window 1 whereas a similar sup
between the drawings and speci?cation.
55 plementary rail 11 is engaged with the top channel 7
It should be understood that one currently preferred
for providing sash engaging means for that portion of
embodiment of the invention is shown in the drawings
the window.
and is described hereinafter in detail, and that the draw
The supplementary rails 10 and 11 are provided with
ings comprise the following:
a substantially U-shaped laterally outwardly positioned
FIG. 1 is an inside front elevation of the storm win 60 base portion, the axially inner legs ltia and 11a of which
dow of the invention;
are short in length and have lugs 12 directed axially in
FIGS. 2 through 6, inclusive, are detailed enlarged
wardly of the storm window 1 formed integrally there
sections taken on line 2—2, 3-—3, 4-4, 5——5 and 6——6,
with. The axially outer legs ltlb and 11b of the sup‘
respectively of FIG. 1;
plementary rails extend laterally inwardly of the storm
FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary section through a
window 1 and protrude appreciably from the associated
corner of a window sash of the invention showing how
the components thereof are secured together;
FIG. 8 is a fragmentary enlarged elevation showing
a lower corner of the upper sash and the latch position
ing means therefor; and
FIG. 9 is a section through a sash rail and a plastic
sash runner strip.
, The metal storm window of the invention includes two
channel members 6 and 7, all as best shown clearly in
FIGS. 2 through 4. The laterally inner portions of the
supplementary rails include sash receiving portions 13
‘that terminate on their axially outer surfaces in sash en
gaging ?anges 14 immediately adjacent the sash receiving
portions 13 of the supplementary rails on a laterally outer
portion thereof. The sash receiving portions 13 are pro
3
3,038,570
4
vided with suitably contoured, angularly positioned re
ceiving recesses 15 directed laterally outwardly, but axial
that plastic runner strips 27 be provided for forming the
ly inwardly of the storm window on an axially inner sur
face thereof.
The upper sash engaging portion of the storm window
frame means is completed by means of roughly Z-shaped
upper sash parting strips 16 positioned both in upper
lateral margins of the supplementary rails 10 and in the
top supplementary rail 11. The upper sash parting strips
have sash engaging ?anges 17 on their laterally inner 10
margins, whereas an angularly positioned axially outward
ly directed lug 18 is also provided on each of the upper
sash parting strips and these lugs engage the recesses to
aid in positioning the upper sash parting strips 16. FIG. 2,
for example, shows the lug 18 on the upper sash parting
strip 16 and how it is contoured to mate snugly with the
complementary recess 15 provided in the supplementary
rail 10. The other upper sash parting strips 16 are
actual slide contact between the window sash and the as
sociated positioning means. These runner strips 27 may
be made, for example, from any suitable hard, low friction
plastic material, such as polyethylene or nylon. The
runner strips are of substantially T-shape in section and
with the exposed ends of such plastic strips being wider
than the associated sash members 24. It will be noted
that the laterally outer portions of the sash members 24
have a plurality of shoulder stop means or notches 124
provided therein and directed laterally inwardly thereof.
Complementary shoulders indicated at 127 are provided
on the runner strips 27 and the shoulders are connected
by notched portions, or ramps and face outwardly of
the sash assembly. Such runner strips 27 can be pressed
into engagement with the outer edges of the sash members
and be locked snugly together therewith by the shoulders
3127, as the sash runners taper outwardly in width up
similarly engaged with the supplementary rails associated
to the shoulders 127 to facilitate pushing or rolling the
therewith. The ?anges 17 of the upper sash parting strips, 20 shank
portions 27a of the runner strips into engagement
and the ?anges 14 of the supplementary rails 10 cooperate
with the edges of the sash members 24.
to form a channel in which the upper sash 3 is positioned.
FIG. 7 shows how the corners of a sash frame are as
The laterally outer ends of the upper sash parting strips
sembled and a corner key 28 is provided that is slidably
16 have axially outwardly directed ?ngers or ?anges 19
engaged with the laterally outer portion of a sash member
provided thereon which bear against the axially inner legs
10a and 11a of the channel shaped bases of the supple
mentary rails 10 and 11 and, when the storm window is
assembled, aid in maintaining the upper sash parting strips
' 24a intermediate the web thereof and the associated
shoulder 124. This corner key 28 is provided with a
pair of recesses 29 in the inner surface thereof so that
a web 30 of the sash member 24a can be punched or
staked out of its normal position into the recesses 29
to retain the corner key 28 locked to such sash member
24a, as indicated in the drawings. The other sash mem
16 snugly positioned between the side and upper channels
6 and 7 and the supplementary rails associated therewith.
The lugs 12 on the supplementary rails 10‘ and 11 are
peened or crimped over at several spaced portions there
ber 24b is positioned normal to and abutted against the
of against the adjacent ?anges of the upper sash parting
end of the sash frame member 24a and a hole 31 is
strips 16 to retain the parting strips in engagement with
drilled in the web of such sash frame member. A screw
the supplementary rails prior to the engagement of the
32 extends through the web of the sash frame member
supplementary rails with the channels 6 and 7, and a
24a
and engages a tapped hole in the corner key 28 to
tight assembly of the channels and rails is provided.
lock the sash frame members in assembled relation.
A bottom sash parting strip 20, shown in FIG. 3, is
FIG. 6 of the drawings shows how the upper sash 3
provided on each lateral margin of the storm window, and
it is generally U-shaped in section. The lower sash 40 may have a sash member 24x at the lower margin there
of, and the lower sash 4 has a sash member 24y at the
parting strips 20 have lugs or ?anges 21, like the lugs
upper margin thereof so that complementary shaped en
18 on the upper sash parting strips 16, extending angularly
gaging surfaces can be provided on the adjacent meet
laterally inwardly and axially outwardly of the storm win
ing
rails of such sashes, even though the sashes are axial
dow and such lugs 18 are snugly received in the lower
portions of the recesses 15 provided in the supplementary 45 ly offset, as shown in the drawings, to provide a snug,
air-tight ?t between such window sashes when they are
rails 10. Likewise, an axially inner, laterally outer por
closed.
tion of each of the lower sash parting strips 20‘ has a ?ange
Screen Positioning Means
22 thereon which engages the leg 10a of the supplementary
rails 10. The lugs 12 likewise are folded, staked or
peened over at several places against the surface of the 50 As indicated in FIG. 5, the same means are used to
position the roll screen housing 5 in the storm window 1,
?anges 22 to retain the supplementary rails 10 and the
as are used to complete the outer framework of the storm
lower sash parting strips 20 in engagement so that the
window 1 for ?lling the frame 2.
unit so provided can he slid into engagement with the
FIG. 5 shows that the housing 5 suitably positions a
channels 6.
roll type screen 33 therein which screen is shown received
The axially and laterally inner portions of the bottom
upon a roll 34 of a conventional construction journalled
sash parting strips 20 have shoulders 23 provided therein
in the housing 5 by conventional means. The upper
to aid in de?ning a bottom or lower sash receiving lateral
end of the screen 33 may have an edge member 133
ly inner end in such parting strip. These shoulders 23
associated therewith ‘by being folded over the screen
valso aid in providing a narrowed screen receiving open
portion in the lower sash parting strips 20 to prevent the 60 edge and such member 133 and screen are doubled back
upon themselves to be snugly received in a recess in a
entry of bugs or foreign matter around the lateral portions
of the roll screen.
screen rail '35.
This screen rail 35 has an upwardly
extending ?ange 36 loosely received in the downwardly
Window Sash Construction
The upper and lower sashes 3 and 4, respectively, both
are made from metal sash members 24, FIGS. 2 and 7,
which are substantially H-shape in section. The laterally
inner portions of the sash members 24 engage with and
position a window pane 25 by suitable plastic tapes or
glazing channels 26.
In order to prevent the window sashes from having
metal edges for abutting on the metal runners provided
in the supplementary rail and sash parting strips of the
storm window, it is an important feature of the invention
open edge of a lower sash member 24m of the lower
sash 4. The screen rail 35 also has an axially inwardly
and downwardly directed ?ange 37 on an inner portion
thereof which aids in sealing the lower sash 4 to the frame
portion of the storm window 1 when the screen 33 is in
its stored position. A bottom supplementary rail 38 is
provided and it extends between the supplementary rails
10 at the lower ends thereof. Such bottom supplementary
rail 38 has an upwardly extending ?ange 39 thereon en
gaging the lower surface of the ?ange 67 on the screen
rail and, if desired, suitable sealing means or tape can
be carried by the ?ange 37 on its lower surface to aid in
75 forming a seal between the ?ange 37 and the ?ange 39.
3,038,570
The bottom supplementary rail 38 also has a special con
toured recess 40 on an axially inwardly extending edge
?ange 41 thereof. A bottom ?nishing rail 42 is provided
and is positioned on the inner surface of the storm win
dow 1 by an edge portion thereon engaging the special
contoured recess 40 on the ?ange 41 of the supplemental
bottom rail. The bottom ?nish rail 42 has mitered upper
corners that abut against mitered lower ends of the sup
plementary rails 10.
6
freeze thereto. Hence, it is believed that the objects
of the invention have been achieved.
This is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No.
363,449, now Patent No. 2,826,789 issued March 18, 1958.
While one complete embodiment of the invention has
been disclosed herein, it will be appreciated that modi
?cation of this particular embodiment of the invention
may be resorted to without departing from the scope of
the invention as de?ned in the appended claims.
is claimed is:
The height of the bottom portion of the storm window 10 What
1. In a window, window sash means of generally H
1 is made adjustable ‘by means of an adaptor plate or
shape in section forming laterally outer open edges, sash
strip 43 received between the bottom supplementary rail
runner means receiving and engaging said window sash
38 and the bottom ?nish rail 42. Suitable screw means
means for controlled sliding movement therein, window
may extend between these three members, after the
means positioned in said window sash means in laterally
15
adaptor plate 43 has been pulled from its associated posi
inwardly open inner edge portions thereof, and substan
tioning means a sufficient distance to rest against the
top of the sill portion of the frame 2.‘
The screen rail 35 normally has two handles 44 secured
thereto by screws to facilitate raising the lower sash 4
tially T-shaped in section plastic runner strips having base
portions engaging the inner surfaces of the U-shaped lat
erally outer surface of said window sash means, said
window sash means and runner strips having inter-en
and the screen 33 as a unit by unrolling the screen 33 20 gaging shoulders thereon to aid in retaining said runner
and simultaneously pulling it up as the lower sash is
strips secured to said window sash means when once
raised.
forced into engagement therewith, said runner strips ex
The lower sash 4 is engaged with the screen rail 35 by
tending from front to rear of the window further than
means of spring clips 46 secured to the lower portion of
25 said sash means to prevent any contact between said
the frame of the lower sash 4 ‘and protruding down
wardly therefrom for individual engagement with lock
ing lips on a base portion of the handles 44. By-sliding
the lower sash 4 downwardly, the clips 46 will auto
matically ride up over the handles 44 until the lower por
tion of the clips 46 engage the lips after which unitary
movement of the lower sash and roll screen will occur
as the lower sash is moved.
It will be appreciated that the lower sash 4 may be
retained in any of a number of desired vertical positions
sash means and said runner means.
2. In a storm window, window sash means of gener
ally H-shape in section forming laterally outer open
edges, sash runner means receiving and engaging said
window sash means for controlled sliding movement there
in, window means positioned in said window sash means
in later-ally inwardly open inner edge portions thereof,
and substantially T-shaped in section plastic runner strips
having base portions engaging the inner surfaces of the
35 U-shaped laterally outer surface of said window sash
for operatively positioning portions of the screen 33. In
means, said window sash means and runner strips hav
the construction shown, the roll screen 33 may be com
ing inter-engaging shoulders thereon to aid in retaining
pletely stored upon the roll 34 or the lower screen may
said runner strips secured to said window sash means
when once forced into‘ engagement therewith.
3. In a window, window sash means of generally H
shape in section providing a recess at the laterally outer
open edges thereof, sash runner means receiving and en
gaging said window sash means for controlled sliding
movement therein, window means positioned in said
window sash means in laterally inwardly open inner edge
45
pins 56 extending through the slots 55 and engaging the
portions thereof, and substantially T-shaped in section
sash frame. The latches 54 may have little knobs or
plastic runner strips having base portions engaging the
handles 57 provided on their laterally inner ends to facili
inner surfaces of the U-shaped laterally outer surface of
tate pulling the latches in for free sliding movement of
said window sash means, said window sash means hav
ing recessed laterally inwardly facing shoulders in the
the upper sash 3.
Spring clips 64 are secured to the upper sash parting
walls of the recess, said runner strips having protruding
strip 16 that engages the top supplementary rail 11 and
laterally outwardly facing shoulders thereon, said shoul- '
extend downwardly therefrom to engage the lower sash
ders on said window sash means and said runner strips
engaging to hold said runner strips on said window sash
4 when it is raised.
While the invention particularly relates to storm win
means.
dows made from metal, such as aluminum, the novel con
4. A window as in claim 3 wherein said shoulders on
struction of the invention may be made from other suit
said runner strips have ramp sections connecting there
able materials when desired.
to from the shank portion of said runner strips, and said
Nails or screws 67 extend through holes provided in
recessed shoulders on the walls of the recess in said
the flanges 8 on the channels ‘6 and 7 to permit such
window sash means have recessed ramps connecting there.
securing means to extend directly into the frame 2 and
to and aiding in de?ning such shoulders whereby the move
facilitate positioning the channels in position.
ment of the shank portion of said runner strip into said
In general it should be realized that the frame posi
recessed edge of said window sash means is facilitated.
tioning means for the upper and lower sashes 3 and 4 may
5. In a window, metal window sash means having later
be of any desired construction. The novel plastic runner 65 ally outer edges of outwardly open substantially U-shape
be lifted several inches to provide a ventilation opening.
The top‘ sash positioning means, (as indicated in FIG. 8,
include latches 53 slidably carried in the lower portion
of the sash frame member 24x of the upper sash. The
latches 53 are urged laterally outwardly of the window
sash 3 by coil springs 54 received in slots 55 in the latches.
The latches ‘53 are engaged with the window sashes by
strips 27 of the invention are readily and easily engaged
with the frame sash members 24, or equivalents to be
carried thereby. The sash members 24 are easily and
positively secured together by means readily engaged
therewith and ultimately hidden from view. The key 28
used to secure the sash members 24 together is hidden
by the sash runners.
Thus an attractive, sturdy window sash has [been pro
vided by the invention. The metal window sash will slide
readily over associated metal surfaces and will not gall or 75
in section, channel shaped laterally inwardly open gen
erally U-shaped metal sash runner means receiving and
engaging said window sash means for controlled sliding
movement therein, and substantially T-shaped in section
plastic runner strips having base portions engaging the
laterally outer surfaces of said window sash means, said
runner strips protruding from said window sash means
to engage said runner means, said runner strips extending
axially from front to rear of the window further than said
7
3,038,570
sash means to prevent any contact between said sash’
means and sash runner means.
6. In a window, metal window sash means having later
ally outer edges of outwardly open substantially U-shape
in section, and substantially T-shaped in section plastic
runner strips having shank portions ‘engaging the U-shaped
8
surfaces ‘of said window sash means and extending there
beyond to engage any positioning means therefor.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
laterally outer surfaces of said window sash means, said
runner strips extending beyond said window sash means
1,817,162
Mulligan _____________ __ Aug. 4, 1931
to engage any positioning means therefor.
2,004,727
Keller ______________ __ June 11, 1935
2,451,076
2,583,107
Edwards ____________ __ Oct. 12, 1948
Krautz ______________ __ Jan. 22, 1952
7. In a window, metal :window sash means of generally 10
H-shape in section forming outwardly open substantially
U-shape in section outer edges thereon, window pane posi
tioning means engaging the laterally inner surfaces of said
window sash means for positioning a window pane there
in, ‘and plastic runner strips secured to the laterally outer 15
2,595,016
Spector et al. ________ __ Apr. 219, 1952
2,615,540
2,767,814
2,775,325
Pressnall ____________ __ Oct. 28, 1952
Johnson ____________ __ Oct. 23, 1956
Knebel _____________ __ Dec. 25, 1956
2,804,181
Haynes ____________ __ Aug. 27, 1957
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