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Патент USA US3039627

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June 19, 1962
A. SINGER
3,039,617
COLLAPSIBLE RACK
Filed Dec. 21, 1959
FIG!
JNVENTOR.
ARNOLD Si NGER
ATTORNEY
United States Patent O?ice
3,039,617
Patented June 19, 1962
1
2
3,039,617
upper end 41 of bracket 6 being of greater width than
said mounting plate 5 for facile reception of the same
within channels 8, and the lower end 42 being of less
width (see FIGURE 4) so that said mounting plate is
COLLAPSIBLE RACK
Arnold Singer, 7242 Amherst, University City, Mo.
Filed Dec. 21, 1959, Ser. No. 861,057
3 Claims. (Cl. 211-86)
wedgingly received to effect a snug inter?t.
Thereby,
through such interengagement, rack A may be supported
This invention relates in general to display ?xtures and,
at its normally inner end from wall surface w.
more particularly, to a collapsible rack adapted for Wall
Provided for supporting the normally outer end of
bar 1 or the end portion remote from mounting plate 5,
support.
It is a primary object of the present invention to pro 10 is .a post or upright 9, as formed of any suitable stock
vide .a novel, collapsible rack which is adapted for readily
although desirably tubular, which at its lower end may
detachable engagement upon a Wall surface so that the
carry a foot structure 10, and at its upper end mounts
same may be used to quickly, and temporarily, if desired,
convert an erstwhile open space into a garment ‘display
a sleeve 11 freely, slidably disposed on ‘bar 1, and
thus being of relatively slightly greater diameter whereby
said post may be selectively positioned along bar v1, al
or storage area.
It is a further object of the present invention to pro
vide a collapsible rack which is adapted, when in disuse,
to be “knocked down” into a compact, light weight, easily
handled and carried unit for facile transportation and
storage in minimum space.
It is an additional object of the present invention to
though disposition of the same adjacent the outer end
of the latter constitutes normal supporting position. The
outer end of bar 1 mounts an end cap or ?nial 12 for
provide a collapsible rack which incorporates easily op
stop-wise abutment thereagainst of sleeve 11 when post
9 is in bar-supporting position. Provided in ‘bar il, ad
jacent end cap 12 is a spring biased locking pin 13 which
is urged upwardly through an opening 14 in bar 1. Sleeve
erated means for engagement within, and disengagement
from, a wall bracket, and which, thus, entails only a
11 is punched or drilled to present an aperture 15 in its
upper surface for registration with opening 14 for ex
single integrally provided support member, thereby hav
25 tension therethrough of pin 13 to enhance the stability
ing a relatively reduced number of parts.
It is a still further object of the present invention to
provide a collapsible rack of the type stated which isof
simple construction, and is most durable and reliable in
usage; and which is adapted for economical, high~volume 30
production.
Other objects and details of the invention will be ap
parent from the following description, when read in con~
nection with the accompanying drawing wherein~
FIGURE 1 is an end view of a collapsible rack con
structed in accordance with and embodying the present
invention, showing the rack in inoperative position.
FIGURE 2 is a side view of the rack showing the same
v
v
in collapsed position in full lines and in extended or
operative position in phantom lines.
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged side view, partially in verti
of post 9 in operative position.
Hinge 4 may be of any reliable construction, but it
has been found that the following described structure is
productive of a reliable hinged joint. Short section 3
de?nes an axial tongue which at its outer end is down
wardly and outwardly inclined as at 16 and its received‘
within an axially extending, open bottomed slot 18 formed
in the adjacent end of section 2, being engaged therein
by a pivot pin 19. Slot 18 is formed by axial slitting
35 of the ‘bottom wall of section 2 in its inner end portion,
and then turning inwardly the now formed edges to pro
vide slot 18 with opposed ?anges, as at 20, which bear
snugly against the sides of short section 3 for maintain~
ing, through their inherent resiliency, tight engagement
40 therewith.
"It will be noted that the upper inner wall
surface of section 2, as at 21, will abut against the upper
cal section, of the bar and associated parts.
‘
FIGURE 4 is a vertical transverse section taken on
surface of tongue-forming section 3 so that when en
which illustrates the preferred embodiment of the present
invention, A designates a collapsible rack, ‘as used for
displaying or supporting garments, and the like, which
comprises a bar 1, being of two-part construction having
a relatively long main section 2, preferably formed of
A in collapsed condition, with mounting plate 5 dis
posed within bracket 6, said post 9 will be presented
inwardly of section 2 with sleeve 11 being surroundingly
of section 3 to permit full opening of hinge 4, thereby
gagement is effected therebetween section 2 will be locked
the line 4-4 of FIGURE 3.
rigidly against any inadvertent upward swinging move
FIGURE 5 is a partial plan view taken on the line 45 ment relative to section 3, and with post 9 in operative
5-5 of FIGURE 3.
position, any accidental downward swinging of section
FIGURE 6 is a vertical transverse section taken on
2 will be inhibited so that bar 1 will present a sturdy
the line 6—6 of FIGURE 5.
member for bearing any imposed load.
Referring now by reference characters to the drawing
Referring to FIGURE 2, it Will be noted that with rack
allowing section 2 to swing into substantially parallel
tubular stock, and a short base section 3, as may be con 55 relationship to said post 9. In this condition and upon
structed of ?at stock, which are hingedly engaged, as at
Withdrawal of mounting plate 5 from bracket 6, rack A
4, whereby said sections 2, 3 will be axially aligned for
forms a most compact unit, adapted for facile trans
operative disposition (see phantom lines FIGURE 2)
portability and for storage within a minimum area.
when said hinge is closed, or will be in axially normal
When it is desired to utilize rack A, the user will merely
relation when said hinge is opened and said rack is
collapsed for disuse (see full lines FIGURE 2).
Carried on the free end of section 3, as by welding, is
a mounting plate 5, dimensioned for insertion within a
wall bracket 6 which latter may be secured in any suit
insert mounting plate 5 within a conveniently located
wall bracket 6 and then lift or swing section 2 upwardly
into axially aligned relationship with section 3, and there
upon shift post 9 outwardly along bar 1 until the same
able manner, such as by screws, or the like, upon a con 65 is presented adjacent cap 10 with sleeve 11 engaged by
Said bracket
locking pin 13. Thus, the assembly of the parts of rack
6 incorporates a base plate 7 which tapers downwardly
and inwardly at its sides with its lateral portions being
turned or bent inwardly in substantially parallel rela
tionship to said base plate 7 to form a pair of converging
side channels, as indicated at 8, for reception therein of
A require but a few moments and, hence, may be
achieved most rapidly by unskilled users. In this posi
tion rack A is available for usage, and it will be noted
that as weight is suspended from bar 1, as by articles
the edge portions 40 of mounting plate 5, and with the
within the channels 8 of bracket 6 to become more
venient Wall surface, as indicated at w.
of clothing, mounting plate 5 will be forced downwardly
3,039,617
3
?rmly wedged therein. Consequently, with a load applied
a tubular member, an axial tongue member formed at
on rack A, its stability is enhanced.
The collapsing or “knocking down” of rack A is ac
complished most easily. After depressing or unlocking
having at one of its ends an axial slot for receiving said
locking pin 13, post 9 is moved inwardly along bar 1
until the same is presented between hinge 4 and mount
ing plate 5, whereupon section 2 is free to swing down
wardly into inoperative position, and then rack A is
merely lifted su?iciently to remove plate 5 from engage
ment within Wall bracket 6.
It is to be observed that the length of sleeve 11 is
the other end of said ?rst section, said second section
tongue of said ?rst section, .a pivot pin inter-engaging
said tongue and said slotted end of said second section
for relative swingable movement of said sections be
tween axially aligned, operative position wherein said
tongue will abut on its upper surface against the inner
upper surface of said second section and axially normal
10 inoperative position, a post member having a sleeve at
its upper end mounted on said sections and having a
less than the length of short section 3 so that hinge 4
greater cross-section than said ?rst and second sections
vious condition for its prior or other usage. The utiliza
?ange means on either side of the axial slot for engaging
the confronting side faces of the tongue of said ?rst sec
tion for biasing same against relative movement.
3. A collapsible rack comprising ?rst and second sec
for shiftable movement therealong, an abutment provided
may be cleared when post 9 is disposed inwardly thereof
at the free end of said second section for stop-wise en
preparatory to downward swinging of section 2.
Thus, the present invention provides a rack of extreme 15 gagement of said sleeve when said post is in operative
position, and a locking pin slidably mounted on said
versatility which utilizes as an element of support, any
second section proximate said abutment for engaging an
readily accessible wall surface and thereby requires rela
opening in said sleeve to maintain same against inad
tively few parts. The same may be readily presented
vertent movement when said post is in operative position
for use within any convenient space, as all that is re
spaced from said wall.
quired is a wall bracket which, of course, may be secured
2. A collapsible rack as de?ned in claim 1 and further
to any wall surface, and by its unique collapsible charac
characterized by said second section having resilient
ter permits such space to be quickly restored to its pre
tion of costly, currently constructed racks and of rigid
mobile ?xtures, with their continued usurpation of needed
warehouse space, as has heretofore been the practice in
this ?eld, is obviated.
Patently, the present invention
is extremely adaptable for home use, as an auxiliary
tions with a male bracket on one section detachably con
nected to a female bracket adapted to be mounted on a
wall, said second section being tubular and hingedly
hanging rod, being available for supporting laundry, or
for receiving outer garments during periods of increased 30 engaged to the other end of said ?rst section for relative
movement of said sections between axially aligned opera
social activity, etc., while not providing a permanent,
tive position and axially normal inoperative position,
awkward and unsightly device.
cooperating means on the ‘hinge portions of said ?rst
and second sections for maintaining same in preselected
of construction is not disposed to breakdown or damage, 35 relationship, a post member having a sleeve at its upper
It is apparent that the present invention may be readily
and cheaply manufactured, and that through its simplicity
but has proved highly reliable and durable in use.
If desired, the rack of the present invention may be
easily transformed into a permanent structure, to become
end slidably disposed on said bar for shiftable movement
along said ?rst and second sections, an abutment pro
vided at the other or free end of said second section
for stopwise engagement with said sleeve when said post
thereby a ?xture available for continuous use. Plate 5
may be rigidly secured to bracket 6, or directly to a 40 is in operative position at the end of said second section
suitable wall surface, in any desired manner, and post 9.
may be ?xed against selected positioning along bar 1.
It should be understood that changes and modifications
in the formation, construction, arrangement, and com—
bination of the several parts of the collapsible rack may
be made and substituted for these herein shown and
described without departing from the nature and prin
ciple of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and
desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A collapsible rack comprising a female bracket
adapted to be mounted on a wall, ?rst and second sec—
tions with a male bracket on one section detachably con
nected to the female bracket, said second section being
with said sections in .axially aligned relationship, and
locking means slidably provided on said second section
proximate said abutment for engaging said sleeve to
maintain same against inadvertent movement.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
661,986
1,047,931
Heizer ______________ __ Nov. 20, 1900
Gilmore _____________ __ Dec. 24, 1912
2,173,159
Ewan ___ ____________ __ Sept. 19, 1939
2,416,464
2,719,688
2,816,668
Amen _______________ __ Feb. 25, 1947
Seifert ________________ __ Oct. 4, 1955
Marshall ____________ __ Dec. 17, 1957
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