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Патент USA US3039785

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June 19, 1962
'_1. MANGANO
3,039,775
CHESS GAME
Filed Aug. s1, 1960
y
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
June 19, 1962
`
J. MANGANO
3,039,775
cHEss GAME
Filed Aug. 51, 1960
I
s sheets-sheet z
1
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JNVENToR.
JOHN MANGANO
BY
June 19, 1962
3,039,775
J. MANGANO ’
CHESS GAME
Filed Aug. 3l, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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INVENToR.
JOHN MANGANO
BY
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ORNE Y
United States Patent Gtliice
1
3,039,775
CHESS GAME
John Mangano, 166 Thompson' St., New York, N.Y.
Filed Aug. s1, 1960, ser. No. 53,271
6 Claims. (Cl. 273-136)
3,039,775
y Patented June 19, 1962
' 2
by belt connection 26 a feed screw 27 engaged by a half
nut 28 on a traveling carriage 29.
This carriage is in the form of a sleeve 30 mounted to
rock and slide on the supporting rod 31 parallel to the
feed screw.
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The sleeve 30 has a dependent portion 32 carrying a
The invention herein disclosed relates to games of the
rapid chess type in which the time taken for making a
contact button or brush 33 engageable with successive
contacts 34 which are connected with lamps 35, FIG. 7,
play is charged to the player.
beneath the transparent indicators 17 and 18.
Objects `of the invention are to provide simple, prac 10
The traveling contact 33 is held in eng-agement with
tical timer mechanism which will show the time being
the stationary indicator- contacts 34 as in FIG. 5 by a
taken for each play and which can be combined with or
rail or track 36 in overriding engagement with a trans
built ‘into the game board without adding objectionable
versely related roller 37 upon the carriage.
bulk or weight to the game.
To reverse effect the carriage is rocked to release the
Further special objects of the invention are to provide 15 half nut 28 from feed screw 27, as shown in FIG. 6,
a game board having such timing mechanism incorporated
by a rod or track 38 engaging a transversely related roller
within it which will be attractive in appearance and other
39 on the opposite side of the carriage, this track being
wise desirable as a game construction.
carried -by arms 40, pivoted on end portions of the sup
Further special objects of the invention are to provide
porting rod 31 and tensioned in the nut disengaging di
rection by spring 41.
a game incorporating the desirable features mentioned,
which will be of low cost construction and light weight in
The nut-engaging track 36 is carried by a rocking frame
character for convenient handling.
42 pivoted on a center 43, FIGS. 5 and `6 which is tenf
Other desirable objects accomplished by the invention
sioned in the nut engaging relation by spring 44, the extent
and the novel features of construction, combinations and
of this movement being governed by stop Screw 45 en
relations of parts -through which such objects are attained 25 gageable by rocking frame 42.
are set forth and will appear in the course of the follow
To effect release of the half nut from the feed screw
ing specification.
f
a solenoid 46 is provided, connected by linkage 47 with
The drawings accompanying and forming part of the
the rocking, track carrying frame 42, arranged to rock
specification illustrate -a present practical embodiment of
this frame just sufliciently to lift the half nut 28 off the
the invention in the form of a rapid transit chess game. 30 feed screw 27.
Structure however may be modified and changed yas re
gards the immediate illustration, all within the true intent
‘ When solenoid 46 is energized by operation of either
pushbutton 19, 20 to lift the nut element off the fee-d
and scope of the invention as hereinafter delined and .
screw the carriage is immediately returned to the starting
claimed.
or zero position by a pulley 48, FIGS. 3' and 4, tensioned
FIG. l is »a plan view of a chess game embodiment 35 by a torque spring 49 and connected by cord or tape 50
with the sliding carriage.
of the invention.
Each time the carriage is advanced by the feed screw
FIG. 2 isa side elevation, with supporting legs broken
away.
this torque spring will be tensioned ready to retract the
FIG. 3 is a partly broken plan view of the timer unit
carriage the instant it is released from the feed screw.
removed from the game board and showing the traveling 40
The forward or outward travel of the carriage is auto-
switch member in the timing operation.
FIG. 4 is -a broken front elevation of the same.
FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view of the timer on sub
matically stopped by engagement of the carriage with a
stop switch 51.
The motor, feed screw and switch contacts are designed
stantially the plane of line 5-5 of FIG. 4 with the travel
and co-related to accurately display the passage of time,
ing switch member engaged with the feed screw in the 45 in this instance ten seconds, on the signal panels 11 and
12 and these are conveniently located in inclined relation
timing cycle, las in FIGS. 3 and 4.
at opposite ends of the board where they are readily ob
FIG. 6 -is a similar cross sectional view showing the
servable by the players.
.
solenoid actuated to release the traveling switch carriage
from the feed screw.
With the chime, buzzer and bell switches 22, 23, 24,
50 FIG. 7, closed, the chime 52 will be sounded when the
FIG. 7 is a general wiring diagram.
eight second contact 34 is reached, the buzzer 53 will
FIGS. 1 and 2 show the game Iboard made up in the
be sounded when the nine second contact is reached and
form of a hollow table having a fiat top chess board 10
the bell 54 will be sounded when the ten seconds allowed
with inclined ends 11, 12, sloping to troughs 13, 14 for
for play is up and the “Gut” contact 55 is reached by
holding the game pieces used by the players.
This construction provides an enclosed chamber 15 for 55 traveling contact 33.
It will seen from the wiring diagram that the motor
housing the timing mechanism, which is indicated dia
25 is connected directly across the line when switch 21
grammatically at 16 in FIG. l.
is closed so as to be held in proper time. The stop
The inclined panels 11, 12 »at the ends o-f the playing
switch 51 is connected in series with the motor so as to
field have transparency numbers 17 terminating in an
60
automatically shut off the motor at the end of the out
“Out” designation 18 placed to conveniently show to each
ward travel of the timer carriage.
player the time taken and the final penalty of plays made
The solenoid 46 for releasing the carriage from the
by the individual players.
feed screw is connected as shown in FIG. 7 to be op~
Pushbuttons 19 and 20 on the ends of the board, in
erable by either one of the player buttons 19, 20.
convenient reach of the players provide means accessible
65
The entire timer mechanism is light in weight-takes
to each player for stopping the time count on the com
up but small space and can be readily incorporated in
pletion of each play.
the table structure.
Switches for controlling various functions of the ma
The starting switch 21 and the cut out switches 22,
chine -are mounted on one end of the table, including an
23, 24 for the chime, buzzer `and stop bell are conven
o-n and oif or main control switch 21 and chime, buzzer 70 iently mounted at the end of the board in easy reach 0f
and bell switches 22, 23, 24.
either player.
l
The timer mechanism comprises a motor 25 driving
The playing board may be of simple or ornate design
3,039,775
4
arranged signal contacts and means for automatically
stopping said motor when said carriage reaches the end
and is made the more attractive by the flashing time in
dicators' at opposite ends of the same and the inclined
indicator panels serve a further purpose of directing the
of its travel over the successive ‘signal contacts, the
means for driving said carriage including a feed screw
pawns or other playing elements into the end troughs 13,
14 provided for 'holding the same.
What is claimed is:
operated by the motor and the control for releasing the
carriage from driven connection with the moto-r further
including a half nut connected with the carriage and
1. A game 011 the order of rapid transit chess com~
engageable with the feed screw and supporting means Y
prising the combination of a gameboard marked for
movement of playing pieces thereon, a series of time
for said half nut shiftable to lift the half nut from en
denoting signals comprising transparent panels bearing
«succession to indicate elapsed ~timel taken for different
gagement with the feed screw, said panelsvbeing dis~
posed in the positions of the players at opposite ends rof
the gameboard, with lamps behind said panels connected
plays and including a succession of contacts connected
with said successive contacts.
time indications, means for illuminating said signals in
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4. A game on the order of rapid transit chess corn
with the respe-ctive signals, a movable contact, cooper~
able therewith, a carriage carrying` said movable contact 15 prising thecombination of a gameboard marked for
movement of playing pieces thereon, a series of time
and a motor for driving said carriage in a direction to
denoting signals «comprising transparent panels bearing
traverse the movable contact over the successively ar
time indications, means for illuminating said signals in
succession to indicate elapsed time taken for different
mean-s for automatically returning said carriage when re 20 plays and including a succession of contacts connected
with the respective signals, a movable contact, cooper
leased from the motor to a starting position with the
able therewith, a carriage carrying said movable contact
movable contact at the beginning of lsaid successively
ranged time denoting signal contacts,`a control for releas
ing said carriage from driven connection with said motor,
and a motor for driving said carriage in a direction to 1
arranged signal contacts and means for automatically i
stopping said motor when said carriage reaches the end
of its motor driven travel over the successive signal con
traverse the movable contact over the successively ar
25 ranged time denoting signal contacts, a control for re
leasing said carriage from »driven connection with said
motor, means for automatically returning said carriage
when released from the motor to a starting position with
tacts, said panels being disposed in the positions' of the
players at opposite ends of the gameboa-rd, with lamps
behind said panels connected with said successive con
the movable contact at the beginning of said succes
y2. A game on the order of rapid transit chess corn 30 sively arranged signal contacts and means for automati~
cally stopping said motor when `said carriage reaches the
prising the combination of a gameboard marked for
end of its travel over the successive signal contacts, said
movement of playing pie-ces thereon, a series of time de
tacts.
noting signals comprising transparent panels bearing time
means for automatically returning the carriage to start
ing position including a spring tensioned pulley and a
cession to indicate elapsed time taken for different plays 35 cord> connection from said pulley to said carriage ar
ranged to eifect spring tensioning of the pulleyA in the
and including a succession of contacts connected with
indications, means for illuminating said signals in suc
the respective signals, a movable contact, cooperab-le
therewith, a carriage carrying said movable contact and
a motor for driving said carriage in a direction to trav
erse the movable contact >over the successively arranged
time denoting signal contacts, a control for releasing said
carriage from driven connection with said motor, means
for yautomatically returning said carriage when released
movement of the carriage eiiected by said motor, s'aid
panels being disposed -in the positions of the> players at
opposite ends of the gameboard, with lamps behind said
40
from the motor to a starting position with the movable
contact `at the beginning ofV said successively arranged
signal contacts and means for automatically stopping
said motor when saidcarriage reaches the end of its
travel over the successive signal contacts,v including Va
limit switch in the motor circuit positioned for engage
ment by the contact carrying carriage and said control
for releasing the carriage from driven connection with
the motor including a magnet for disconnecting the car
riage from driven connection with the motor and a switch
connected therewith and `manually operable at any poin-t
in thel travel of the carriage in respect to the successively
arranged signal contacts, said panels being disposed in
the positions of »the players at opposite ends of the game
board, with lamps behind saidV panels connected with said
successive contacts.
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panels connected with said successive contacts.
5. The invention according to claim 1 with `different
«characteristic sound signalsconnected with certain of said
successive contacts and switch means by which the dif
ferent sound signals can be selectively individually cut
into or out of operative relation.
` 6. The invention according to claim 1 in which said
carriage includes, a sleeve, a guide rod on which said
sleeve may slide and rock, rollers carried by said sleeve
at opposite sides of said guide rod, tracks engaging said
rollers, spring means urging said tracks by engagement
with said rollers to rock the sleeve in opposite direc
tions, -a feed screw operated by said motor, a half nutl
on the sleeve engageable with said feed screwA in a rocked
position of the sleeve established by the spring tensioned
tracks and ‘said control for releasing the carriage from
driven connection with the motor including means for
shifting one of said tracks in a direction to effect `rock
ing of the sleeve to lift the half nut `from engagement
3. A game on the order of rapid transit chess com-y 60 with the feed screw.
prising the combination of a gameboard marked for
movement of playing pieces thereon, a series of time
denoting signals lcomprising transparent panels bearing
time indications, means for illuminating said signals in
succession to yindicate elapsed time taken for different
plays and including a succession of contacts connected
with the respective» signals, a movable contact, cooper
able therewith, `a carriage carrying said movable contact
and a motor for `driving said carriage in a direction to
traverse 4the movable lContact over the successively ar 70
ranged time denoting signal contacts, a control for re
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
438,653
Striemer _____________ __ Oct. 21, 1890
1,857,629
Epstein ______________ __ May l0, 1932
2,211,868
l2,356,057
2,394,661
Steenbeek ___________ __ Aug. 20, 1940
Householder _________ __ Aug. 15, 1944
Brunner _____________ __ Feb. 12, 1946
2,490,649
2,587,381
2,592,897
leasing said carriage from driven connection with said
2,757,934
motor, means for automatically returning said carriage
2,799,505
when released from the motor to a starting position with
the movable contact at the beginning of said successively 75 2,906,333
Polis _____ __,..__'. _____ __ Dec. 6, 1949
Peterson _____________ __ lFeb. 26, 1952 ‘
Heinoo _____________ ___ Apr. 15,
Dunbar ______________ __ Aug. .7,
Lyons _______________ __ July 16,
Ritzenthaler _________ __ Sept. 29,
1952
1956
1957
1959
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