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Патент USA US3039836

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June 19, 1962
G. A. LYON
3,039,826
WHEEL COVER
Filed May 25, 1959
' ‘ IIIIIIIIIIIl’
I
G'eorge ?/éerf Lyon
United States Patent 0 ’"IC€
3,039,826
Patented June 19, 1962
l
2
3,t339,826
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a por
tion of the structure shown in FIGURE 2; and
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the
WHEEL COVER
George Albert Lyon, Detroit, hliclh, assig'uor to Lyon
Incorporated, Detroit, Mich, a corporation of Delaware
Filed May 25, 1959, Ser. No. 815,493
6 Claims. {CL 301—37)
ring member in gripping engagement with the tire rim.
As shown on the drawings:
The instant novel cover construction ‘10 is adapted to
be retainingly maintained upon one of the parts of a wheel
including a usual drop-center type tire rim 11 haw'ng an
This invention relates generally to wheel structures and
attachment ?ange 12 secured to a load sustaining body
more particularly to the provision of novel means for
part 13 which has a webbed portion 14 which may be
maintaining a cover member in snap-on, pry-oil relation 10
secured to an axle of a wheel by wheel mounting bolts or
with the wheel.
any
other suitable means (not shown).
The present invention concerns itself with the provision
The rim part 11 includes a generally radially outwardly
of apparatus for interlocking an annular ring member
extending ?ange 15, a generally axially outwardly ex
and more speci?cally its outer edge to an axial ?ange of
15 tending intermediate ?ange 16, a generally radially out
the wheel. In providing an annular ring member of the
wardly extending ?ange 17 and a generally axially out
instant construction the cover may be attached to the
wheel in an entirely new manner.
As a result of the in
wardly slightly arcuate terminal ?ange 18.
Mounted
upon the tire rim 11 as is seen in FIGURE 2, is a tire 19
which may be either of the tube or tubeless type and may
stant cooperation between the ring member and cover
member, different and new ornamental shapes may be im 20
be in?ated by the usual valve stem (not shown).
parted to the ‘cover.
Referring now more speci?cally to the tire rim con
Accordingly, an object of the invention is to provide a
struction it will be noted that ?anges 17 and 18 de?ne to
new and improved mode of attaching a cover member to
gether an annular seat 20, and that the intermediate and
a wheel.
radial ?anges 16 and 17 intersect at an annular junction.
Another object of this invention is to provide a novel 25 .As is seen in the drawings, an annular ring member 50
annular ring member capable of interlocked engagement
with one of the wheel parts and having shoulder means
thereon capable of cooperating with a cover member in
is provided which ring member includes a generally axial
ring portion or radially inner ring margin 51 having cir
cumferentially spaced retaining ?nger extensions 52 posi
snap-on, pry-off relation therewith.
tioned at circumferentially spaced intervals about the cir
A further object of this invention is to provide novel 30 cumference of the inner margin of the annular ring mem
means for assembling a cover upon a wheel.
Still a further object of this invention is to provide a
new and improved ring and cover member construction
such as lends itself to economical manufacture on a large
production basis.
A further very important object of the present inven
tion is to provide a metal ring and cover assembly which
when mounted on a wheel during its rotation will be sub
stantially noiseless.
ber 50. Eachof the ?nger extensions 52 includes a rela
tively long generally axially inwardly extending axial leg
53 and a relatively short generally radially outwardly ex
tending terminal leg or radially and axially inner rounded
35 shoulder 54.
At the axially outer end of the axial ring portion 51 is
an annular arcuate rib or ring or gooseneck portion or
radially and axially outer shoulder 55 which serves sev
eral purposes as will subsequently become apparent. The
According to the general features of this invention 40 portion
55 is engageable with the cover and provides
means for maintaining the ?nger extensions spaced from
there is provided in a wheel structure including rim and
body parts with one of the parts having a generally radial
?ange connected to an axial ?ange, an annular ring mem
ber having its radially outer marginal edge area in edge
generally radially outwardly extending back-up ring por
de?ned by radially inner and outer side wall cover areas
with the radially outer side wall area having an annular
plication for patent entitled “Wheel Structure,” ?led Oc
the rim.
Connected to this rib or ring portion 55 is a
56 connected at its outer end to a generally radially
wise ring retaining engagement with the axial ?ange and its 45 tion
and
axially
outwardly extending arcuate ring portion or
radially inner ring margin provided with circumferentially
outer ring margin 57 terminating in a continuous annular
spaced cover retaining ?nger extensions, and a cover
gripping edge 58.
member for assembly on the wheel in overlying relation
Assembly of the ring member 50 maybe brought about
to said ring member and having an annular dished area
in much the same manner as described in the parent ap
tober 4, 1955, Serial No. 538,310 where a die member is
utilized to press the edge '58 into retaining engagement
with the terminal rim ?ange 18 behind the shoulder S.
pocket area having spaced confronting cover shoulders,
the inner n'ng margin and the cover retaining ?nger ex 55 The ring member 50 may be manually assembled on the
tire rim by hammering ‘its outer margin so that the edge
tensions being engaged in snap on, pry-01f relation in the
58 will be engaged behind the shoulder S. It is also
cover pocket area with the spaced confronting cover
conceivable assuming the ring member is made of a more
shoulders.
?exible type of metal that the ring member may be merely
Another feature of the present invention relates to the
manually pressed into assembly with the tire rim.
cover member being spaced from the Wheel at all points 60 A cover member 59 is adapted to be retainingly car
and being engaged solely with a ring member.
ried in assembly on the wheel by the ring member 50. The
Other objects and features of this invention may more
cover member 59 is generally circular in con?guration
fully appear from the following detailed description taken
and is adapted to overlie the rim and body parts to con
in connection with the accompanying drawings which il
ceal the seam. The cover member 59 is provided with two
65 radially and axially spaced circumferentially extending
lustrate a single embodiment thereof and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary front elevation of my
cover ribs 60 and 61 joined together by a generally radial
novel wheel structure having parts broken away showing
ly and axially outwardly bulged or arcuate cover portion
62. The portion 62 also extends circumferentially of the
the relationship of the components;
cover and is adapted to confront the juncture of the in
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional
70 termediate and radial rim flanges 16 and 17 when the
View taken substantially on the line 11-11 looking in the’
generally axially outwardly bulged cover area, the bulged
cover area de?ning an axially inwardly opening cover
direction indicated by the arrows, as seen in FIGURE 1;
cover 59 is assembled on the Wheel.
The ribs 6% and 61 and the arcuate cover portion 62
de?ne together a continuous annular cover pocket area
as indicated generally at 52a. The cover pocket area
that the tip of the tool may be applied against the rib 61,
if desired.
62a is adapted to receive the retaining extensions 52 as
well as a portion of the inner ring margin. The arcuate
Ordinarily it is not contemplated that ring member 5i)
be removed from the cover. However, if it is desired, the
ring member 56 may be removed by inserting a suitable
cover portion 62 is bulged generally axially outwardly
pry- ?t tool thereunder and forcefully ejecting the ring
away from the Wheel to enable the retaining extensions
to be readily disposed between the ribs 66 and 61. The
ribs 6% and 61 also function to reinforce the outer peri
member 53 out of engagement with the rim.
also functions as a pry-off rib whereby a pry-off tool may
be Worked underneath the cover member 5“? and engaged
shoulder S on the rim ?ange 13. ‘When the ring member is
in assembly on the wheel the generally radially and axial
In view of the foregoing description it will be appreci
ated that the ring member is provided with an edge 53
pheral area of the cover member 59. The cover rib 61 10 Which is adapted to be retainingly engaged behind the
against the rib 61 to separate the ring and cover members
ly outwardly extending portion 56 is bottomed against the
rim ?ange 17 and the generally radially and axially out
Connected to the outer end of the annular rib 61 is a 15 wardly extending portion 57 is bridged between the rim
generally radially and axially outwardly extending arcuate
?anges 17 and 18 in spaced relation to the rim surface 2%}.
circumferentially extending cover portion ‘63 terminating
The ring member is preferably slightly spaced from the
50 and 59 from assembly together.
in an underturned cover bead 64.
The cover portion 63
axially spaced relation. Separating the ring member 5%}
rim in order that a su?icient force may be exerted by the
ring member to hold the edge 53 behind the shoulder S.
Both the ring and cover members are provided with
ring and cover areas which extend axially across the
and the cover portion 63 is a cavity which may be utilized
juncture between the intermediate and radial rim ?anges
is adapted to overlie radial rim ?ange 17 of the tire rim
and the outer margin of the ring member 5% in generally
to house wheel balancing weights and the like.
l6 and ‘17 when the cover assembly is mounted on the the
In the assembly of the instant cover member upon the
rim. These rim and cover areas are provided with means
ring member 5%, the cover member is ?rst centered with 25 for retainingly maintaining the cover and the ring mem
respect thereto and thereafter is urgedv axially inwardly
with the ?ngers 52 being progressively ?exed by the an
nular cover rib 5% until the radial turned terminal por
tions or radially and axially inner rounded shoulders 54
of therextensions 52 are snapped behind the shoulder
rounded de?ned by the rib 61 at its axially outer side.
The ?ngers 52 when in assembly with the cover member
are engaged with the cover member under resilient ten
bers on the wheel in snap-on, pry-o? engagement together.
It will be understood that modi?cations and variations
may be effected without departing from the scope of the
novel concepts of the present invention.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a wheel structure including rim and body parts
with one of the parts having a generally radial ?ange con
nected to an axial terminal rim ?ange, an annular ring
sion and it should be noted that the annular ring portion
member having its radially outer marginal edge area in
or the radially and axially outer rounded shoulder 55 as 35 edgewise ring retaining engagement with the axial terminal
well as the retaining ?ngers
are all disposed within the
rim ?ange and its radially inner ring margin provided
cover pocket area 62a and are biased between the rib
with circumferentially spaced cover retaining ?nger exten
6t) and a segment or rounded shoulder of the arcuate
sions, and a cover member for assembly on the wheel in
cover portion 62 disposed immediately adjacent to the
overlying relation to said ring member and having annular
dished area de?ned by radially inner and outer side wall
cover rib 61. it is in this manner that the cover may be
manufactured in such a way that it may closely hug the
rim ?anges 16 and 3.7 when the cover member is mounted
on the wheel in assembly with the ring member 5%‘. When
the cover member is in assembly upon the wheel, the
cover areas with the radially outer side wall area having
an annular generally axially outwardly bulged cover area,
the bulged cover area de?ning an axially inwardly opening
cover pocket area having spaced confronting cover shoul
valve stem (see FIG. 1) projecting through the tire rim 45 ders, the inner ring margin and the cover retaining ?nger
extensions being engaged in snap on, pry-off relation in
may be concealed by the cover member or the valve
stem may project through an opening provided on the
cover member, as desired.
The co er assembly including the annular ring mem
ber 50 and the circular cover member 5d may be made
from different types of material. to conserve cost and to
enable the cover to have a di?erent appearance than con- »
the cover pocket area with the spaced confronting cover
shoulders.
2. In a wheel structure including rim and body parts
with one of the parts having a generally radial ?ange
connected to an axial terminal rim ?ange, an annular ring
member having its radially outer marginal edge area in
ventional types of steel covers. To this end, the ring
edgewise ring retaining engagement with the axial terminal
member may be made ‘from spring steel while the cover
rim ?ange and its radially inner ring margin provided
member may be made ‘from some other suitable metals 55 with circumferentially spaced cover retaining ?nger ex
such as aluminum and the like. Where the cover is
tensions, and a cover member for assembly on the wheel
manufactured from aluminum the cost of the overall pro
in ‘overlying relation to said ring member and having an
duction of the cover may be reduced thereby reducing the
annular dished area de?ned by radially inner and outer
cost of manufacture thereof.
side wall cover areas with the radially outer side wall area
In view of the foregoing, it will now be appreciated 60 having radially spaced ribs and an annular generally axial
that one of the ?nger extensions and cover portions 5'2
ly outwardly bulged cover area, the bulged cover area
and 63 may be made relatively stiff and the other may be
de?ning an axially inwardly opening cover pocket area
made relatively resilient in order to enable the members
having spaced confronting cover shoulders reinforced by
to be assembled together in snap~on, pry-off relation. In
the ribs, the inner ring margin and the cover retaining
the, illustrated form, the fingers are preferably resilient 65 ?nger extensions being biased between the cover shoulders
while the cover member is preferably relatively rigid.
thereby sustaining in the cover member in detachable
Removal of the cover member 59 may be completed by
assembly with the ring member on the wheel.
inserting a suitable pry-cit .tool underneath the outer
a 3. In a w‘ eel structure including rim. and body parts
rnargin Y63 and by working the pry-o? tool underneath 70 with one or" the parts having a generally radial’ ?ange con
the cover margin whereupon a twisting pry-oil force
nected to an axial terminal rim ?ange, an annular ring
may be applied through the tool to the cover to disengage
member having its radially outer marginal edge area in
the ?nger portions 54 from the rib 60 so as to release the
edgewise ring retaining engagement with the axial termi
tensioned engagement therebetween. The pry-o? tool
nal rim ?ange ‘and its radially inner ring margin provided
may be" worked underneath the cover to such an extent
with circumferentially spaced cover retaining ?nger ex
apaaeae
5
6
tensions, and a cover member for assembly on the wheel
shoulders with the shoulder on the inner ring margin being
radially spaced from the rounded shoulders on the exten
sions, the rounded shoulder on the margin being engage—
able against the radially and axially outer pocket area
shoulder and with the resilient extensions being progres
sively radially biasable on the radially and axially inner
in overlying relation to said ring member and having an
annular dished area de?ned by radially inner and outer
side wall cover areas with the radially outer side wall
area having radially spaced ribs and an annular generally
axially outwardly bulged cover area, the bulged cover area
de?ning an axially inwardly opening cover pocket area
having spaced confronting cover shoulders reinforced by
the ribs, the inner ring margin and the cover retaining
?nger extensions being biased between the cover shoul
ders thereby sustaining the ‘cover member in detachable
assembly with the ring member on the wheel, the cover
member being provided with a radially outer generally
arcuate cover margin which is connected at its radially
inner end with the radially outermost rib and with the
outer cover margin being spaced from the ring and from
the tire rim and cooperating with the tire rim and the ring
so as to provide a pocket on the underside of the cover
for the receipt of wheel balancing weights.
4. In a wheel structure including rim and body parts
with one of the parts having a generally radial ?ange
connected to an axial terminalrim ?ange, an annular ring
member having its radially outer ring margin bridged
across the radial and axial rim ?anges with its opposite
ends bottomed against the radial and axial rim ?ange and
with the radially outer end comprising a continuous an
nular edge area in edgewise biting ring retaining engage
ment with the axial terminal rim ?ange, the ring member
having its radially inner ring margin provided with cir
cumferentially spaced cover retaining ?nger extensions,
and a cover member for assembly on the Wheel in over
lying relation -to said ring member ‘and having an annular
dished area de?ned by radially inner and outer side wall
cover areas with the radially outer side wall area having
pocket area shoulder until outer ends of said extensions
snap behind said radially and axially inner pocket area
shoulder whereby the inner ring margin and the cover
retaining extensions are engaged under resilient tension in
the cover pocket area with the spaced confronting cover
shoulders to maintain the cover member in assembly with
the ring member.
6. In a wheel structure, a wheel including rim and
body parts with the rim part having a generally radial
rim ?ange connected to an axial terminal rim ?ange,
an annular ring member having its radially outer mar
ginal area in ring retaining engagement with the the rim
and its radially inner ring margin provided with cir
cumferentially spaced cover retaining ?nger extensions,
the ring member having a central body ring portion bot
tomed against the radial rim ?ange, the radially inner
ring margin including an O?set rib offset axially out
wardly of said ‘central body ring portion, and a dished
cover member for assembly on the wheel in overlying
relation to said ring member, the cover member having an
annular generally axially outwardly bulged cover area
spaced inwardly from the outer marginal edge of the
cover and which comprises a side wall of a dished area
or" the cover, the bulged cover area de?ning an axially
inwardly opening cover pocket area having a radially and
axially inner pocket area shoulder and a radially and
axially outer pocket area shoulder disposed in confront
ing relation, the extensions and the inner ring margin
an annular generally axially outwardly bulged cover area, 35 each having rounded shoulders with the shoulder on the
inner ring margin being radially spaced from the rounded
the bulged cover area de?ning an axially inwardly open—
shoulders on the extensions and carried on said offset
ing cover pocket area having spaced confronting cover
rib, the rounded shoulder on the margin being engage
shoulders, the inner ring margin and the cover retaining
able against the radially and axially outer pocket area
?nger extensions being engaged in snap on, pry-off rela
tion in the cover pocket ‘area with the spaced confronting 4.0 shoulder and with the resilient extensions being progres
cover shoulders.
5. In a wheel structure, a wheel including rim and
sively radially biasable on the radially and axially inner
pocket area shoulder until outer ends of said extensions
snap behind said radially and axially inner pocket area
shoulder whereby the inner ring margin and the cover
lar ring member having its radially outer marginal area in 45 retaining extensions are engaged under resilient tension
in the cover pocket area with the spaced confronting
ring retaining engagement with the tire rim and its radial
body parts with the rim part having a generally radial
?ange connected to an axial terminal rim ?ange, an annu
ly inner ring margin provided with circumferentially
cover shoulders to maintain the cover member in as
sembly with the ring member.
spaced cover retaining ?nger extensions, and a cover
member for assembly on the wheel in overlying relation
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
to said ring member, the cover member having an annular 50
UNITED STATES PATENTS
generally axially outwardly bulged cover area spaced in
wardly from the outer marginal edge of the cover, the
bulged cover {area de?ning an axially inwardly opening
cover pocket area having a radially and axially inner
pocket area shoulder and a radially and axially outer 55
pocket area shoulder disposed in confronting relation, the
extensions and the inner ring margin each having rounded
2,202,102
2,361,406
2,410,174
2,569,483
2,621,978
Horn
Lyon
Lyon
Lyon
Lyon
_______________ __ May 28,
________________ __ Oct. 31,
________________ __ Oct. 29,
_________________ __ Oct. 2,
________________ __ Dec. 16,
1940
1944
1946
1951
1952.
2,683,628
Lyon _______________ __ July 13, 1954
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