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Патент USA US3040871

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June 26, 1962
G. F. w. ALMQUIST
3,040,858
APPARATUS FOR COUNTING AND SORTING COINS
Filed July 6, 1959
5m
6 Sheets-Sheet 1
June 26, 1962
G. F. w. ALMQUIST
3,040,858
APPARATUS FOR COUNTING AND SORTING COINS
Filed July 6, 1959
6 Sheets-Sheet 2
June 26, 1962
G. F. w. ALMQUIST
3,040,858
APPARATUS FOR COUNTING AND SORTING COINS
Filed July 6, 1959
6 Sheets-Sheet 3
wk
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wk
FF
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June 26, 1952
G. F. w. ALMQUIST
3,040,858
APPARATUS FOR COUNTING AND SORTING cows
Filed July 6, 1959
6 Sheets-Sheet 4
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4
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I, I
I
June 26, 1962
G. F. w. ALMQUIST
3,040,858
APPARATUS FOR COUNTING AND SORTING cows
Filed July 6, 1959
MR 1
TRI1.
DR
6 Sheets-Sheet 5
June 26, 1962
G. F. w. ALMQUIST
3,040,858
APPARATUS FOR COUNTING AND SORTING COINS
Filed July 6, 1959
6 Sheets-Sheet 6
Fig.6
UM2
United States Patent O?tice
3,040,858
Patented June 26, 1-962
1
2
3,040,858
actuation of the corresponding contact arm, and, second
ly, to push out the coin into its collecting means.
APPARATUS FOR COIIIlRlITING
AND SORTING
C0 S
Gustav Fredrik Wilhelm Almquist, Idrottsgatau 3,
Solna, Sweden
Filed July 6, 1959, Ser. No. 825,047
4 Claims. (Cl. 194-6)
The present invention rel-ates to an apparatus for the
counting and sorting of coins.
The purpose of the invention is to provide an appara
tus of the type mentioned, which has a high capacity and
which is entirely reliable.
According to the invention, the apparatus, which com
prises means for the delivery of coins onto a sorting
track, means for the collection of the sorted coins and
control means to control the functions of the apparatus,
is essentially characterized by a selector device, which is
so designed that, when a coin has engaged a contact
member for one sort of coin, it excites a counting relay
provided for this particular sort of coin, which relay,
then is momentarily maintained energized, so as to enable
the selector device in operation thereof to emit pulses,
corresponding to the energized condition of said count
ing relay and acting ?rstly to effect the discharge of the
coin into its collecting means, secondly to actuate a
In order that, besides sorting and counting, also series
counting of the number of coins of a predetermined sort
may be carried out, without counting the amount of the
coins, one of the rotary switches for tens-transfer pref
erably also arranged for the counting of the number of
coins in a manner such that it for actuation of the con
tact arm for the sort of coins to be counted emits a
10 pulse, ?rstly, to actuate a second readable counting
device, secondly, to bring about the pushing out of the
coin, and, thirdly, to move the number counting switch
one step forwardly for each actuation, whereby the ap
paratus' preferably is to be provided with a switch by
means of which the driving circuit of the number count
ing switch may be opened.
Preferably the number
counting switch is adapted to actuate an auxiliary relay
which, when energized, brings about said pulse trans
mission.
The invention will be disclosed in more details here
inafter with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a front view of one embodiment of the
apparatus according to the invention.
FIGS. 2 and 3 show each, parts of a wiring diagram
“ for the components of the apparatus according to FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a front view of a second embodiment of the
readable counting device, thirdly to actuate tens-transfer
apparatus according to the invention.
means, and fourthly, after completed counting to attend
FIG. 5 shows a wiring diagram covering certain com
to the deenergization of the counting relay.
ponents of the apparatus according to FIG. 4.
According to the invention the selector device pref 30 FIG. 6 shows a detail of the apparatus according to
erably consists of a rotary switch, which is arranged to
FIG. 1.
be automatically started when any one of the contact
FIG. 7 shows a detail of the apparatus according to
members is actuated and, immediately ‘after the start
FIG. 4.
thereof to close a contact so ‘that it is automatically
The apparatus as shown in FIG. 1 is provided with a
maintained moving ‘for one revolution and, when it is 35 conveyor 10, ‘by means of which the coins are fed onto a
back in its zero position, to open this contact again.
track 11, which has been given such an inclination, as to
Preferably the selector is arranged to be started by means
cause the coins to roll down along it. When the coins
of a starting relay, which, in turn, is arranged to be
roll along the track 11, they touch, all according to
excited by means of a drop relay, which is arranged to ‘
their
sizes, a number of contact arms, A1-A8, arranged
be momentarily energized at the manual actuation of a
at decreasing heights above the track, whereby the coins
control member, arranged to adapt the apparatus for
by means of rejecting pins Ul-US are rejected into shafts
sorting and counting, and which drop relay, when ener
12 of circular cross section as set forth in detail below.
gized, transfers pulses from the contact members to the
Below,
these shafts are provided with trap doors, not
starting relay, so that this is excited and thereby again
tie-energize the drop relay. The tens-transfer means pref 45 shown, so that the coins may occasionally be collected
in the shafts. When the trap doors are withdrawn, one
erably consist of rotary switches, suitably of the same
at a time or all together, the coins fall down into con
principal design as that of the rotary switch emitting said
tainers
13. It is also possible to introduce coin wraps,
counting pulses. The tens-transfer switches may be
for instance made of paper, into the shafts wherein the
arranged to actuate tens-transfer relays of the same design
and operation as that of the counting relays. These tens 50 coins are packed by so called tubing, as will be explained
in more detail below. The amounts of the sorted coins
tnansfer relays preferably are arranged to deliver their
pulses under the intermediary of disconnecting relays, . are registered on a counter RV14, whereas the number
which are normally closed and open the tens-transfer
circuit, but are deenergized and close this circuit im
thereof is registered on a counter RVIS. The various
functions of the apparatus are controlled by means of
mediately before the tens-transfer operation is brought 55 a number of keys T, which in FIG. 3 have been given
different additional marks, such as O, S, SR, 1-8 and G,
about, and, at said tens-transfer operation, are energized
in order that they may be distinguished from each other.
The apparatus comprises three rotary switches V1, V2
and V3 with control contact groups SKI, SKZ .and SK3,
With particular respect to the high speed of the rotary
switch arranged for counting and the rather strong cur 60 and stepping relays VRI, VRZ and VR3. For the starting
of the switch V1 there is provided a starting relay SR
rents it is appropriate that this switch is arranged to
which
co-operates with a drop relay DR. A checking
deliver pulses to pulse-relays which, in turn, at the excita
relay KR is adapted to supervise the switches return to
tion actuate the counting device and the tens-transfer
their zero-position. The apparatus as a whole is zeroized
means, so that they each are moved one step forward
by
means of a zeroizing relay OR. The switch V1 is
for each excitation.
65
adapted to actuate eight counting relays Rl-RS, and by
A particularly suitable embodiment of the apparatus
means of such switch also two tens-transfer relays, TRI
accordingto the invention is characterized in that the
and TR2 are actuated, of which last mentioned relays
contact members consist of contact arms for each sort
each is adapted to co-operate with a disconnecting relay
of coin, said arms being arranged to be actuated by con
BRl and BR2, resp. The switch V1, moreover, is
tinuously reciprocating abutment means through the in 70 adapted
to actuate three pulse relays 1R1, IR2 and 1R3.
termediary of the coins, and said abutment means being
To start and shut off the conveyor motor, not shown,
arranged, ?rstly, to bring about the above mentioned
the apparatus is provided with a motor relay MR, and
again and then maintained energized by means of the
corresponding tens-transfer relay.
3,040,858
3
for purposes, which will be explained below, it comprises
a tubing relay TR and an auxiliary relay HR. A change
over relay PR is provided for the switch V2.
The rotary switch V1 is provided with three contact
bank levels B, C and D, each bank containing thirty
points, which on the drawing have been given the numbers
0 to 29 from the left, and also, arranged opposite and
parallel thereto separate points or contact rails. When
the switch is driven round, the contact points of said levels
4
TR11, TSR27 and TSR28, wherefore it is energized, so
that the conveyor ‘10 starts to feed the unsorted coins-
onto the track 11.
At the depressing of the key TSR,
moreover, minus from TSRz4 is led to TSR23 and fur
ther on to the coil of the drop relay DR, which is con
nected to plus over SRzl, SR12, SK121 and SK1:2,
whereby the drop relay DR is momentarily energized, so
that the contact springs of this latter relay, DR:1—-DR:2,
DR:3—DR:4, etc. close in pairs. In this way the appa
are successively connected to the opposite points or con 10 ratus is positioned for counting.
As soon as a coin, for instance a ?ve-ore-piece on
tact rails by means of wipers not shown. Furthermore,
the track 11 touches its contact arm A, in this case the
the switch V1 is provided with a cam disc with cam
contact arm A2, a circuit +, A2, T628, T627, DR216,
member 14, which is adapted to operate the control con
DR115, SR:5, SR:6, SR, -—, is closed, wherefore the
tact group SKI. The switch V2 is provided with three
start relay SR is energized. As the contact springs
contact bank levels E, F, and H, and a cam disc with
SRzS, SR:6 and SR:7 are arranged for continuous switch
ing, i.e. so that SR:6 makes contact with SR:7 before
it leaves SR:5, the relay SR‘ is then kept energized over
with a contact bank level K and a cam disc with cazn
+, Dztt, SR27, SR:6, SR, —. The drop relay DR is
member 15, and is, moreover, of principally the same
20 again deenergized as its holding circuit over SR:1 and
design as that of the switches V1 and V2.
SRI2 is interrupted at the excitation of the relay SR.
Although not all of the reference characters are indi
At
the excitation of the relay SR a circuit +, SR:4, SR:3,
cated on the drawing, the contact springs of all relays
VR1:2, VR1:1, VR1, —, is closed and therefore the
and other switches are supposed to be designated by
stepping relay VR1 is energized. At the excitation this
Arabic numerals from below and upwards, respectively,
or from left to right respectively, in each case preceded 25 relay tensions a stepping spring for the stepping mech
anism of the rotary switch V1, and, at the same time,
by the designation of the corresponding component.
it interrupts its own holding circuit over VR1:2 and
Thus, the designation T8:4 relates to the fourth contact
VR1:1, for which reason it is again deenergized.
spring from the left of the contact spring group of the
At the deenergization of the relay VR1 the spring moves
key T3, and, analogous to this, the designation V1B:2
relates to the third contact point from the left of the 30 the switch V1 one step forward, whereby the holding
current of the start relay SR from the rotary switch point
cam member 15, and is principally of the same design
as that of the switch V1.
The switch V3 is provided
bank level B of the switch V1, as these contact points
start their numbering from 0. The reference sign near
the end of a wire indicates to which contact point or con
tact spring such wire really is connected. All components
are shown in their rest position.
The operation of appa
ratus as shown in FIG. 1, will now be discussed in more
detail.
Sorting and Counting the Amount of the Coins
D10 is interrupted, so that said start relay SR is deener
gized, and the cam 14 releases the contact spring SK122,
so that the latter is led over to the contact spring SK1:3,
35 whereby the contact spring VR1:2 of the stepping relay
VR1 is led to plus for a complete revolution of the switch.
This is now stepped around on account of the stepping
relay VR1 being automatically energized and deenergized.
Assuming now that no other coin than the previously
Normally, the apparatus is connected to a line supply, 40 mentioned ?ve-ore-piece has rolled along the track 11
and actuated its contact arm A, then nothing happens
whereby the recti?er, not shown, of the apparatus applies
until the switch V1 has been advanced to position 9,
a voltage to all contact members designated with a plus
whereby the following circuit is closed: +, A2, T6:8,
sign. The coins are assumed to have been charged into
T6:7, B:9, S17, R3, —, so that the counting relay R3
the conveyor 10.
First, the apparatus is zeroized by a momentary depres 45 is excited. At the excitation, the counting relay R3
closes a circuit +, R3:4, R323, T6210, T6:11, UM2, —,
sion of the key TO. Hereby the circuits +, T022, T021,
so that the rejecting magnet UM2, FIG. 6, is energized
RV14 and RV15 are closed, so that the counters RV14
and by means of the rejecting pin U2 pushes the coin
and RV15 are zeroized. Further, a circuit +, TO:5,
TO:6, OR, —- is closed, so that the zeroizing relay OR
away from the track 11 and down into the shaft 12.
is energized. Then this relay is kept energized over 50 The counting relay R3 remains energized as it receives
holding current over the circuit +, R3z2, R311, R3, —,
the circuit +, KRzl, KR22, OR:1 and OR:2, until the
and therefore the rejecting magnet remains energized.
switches V2 and V3 are zeroized. During the period
In order that the rejecting pin U2 shall not prevent
when the relay OR is energized the rotary switch V2 is
the coins from rolling along the track 11, the arrange‘
?rst stepped to its zero position, whereby the current
takes the course +, OR:9, ORzl?, VR2:1, VR2:2, SK2:4, 55 ment is such that the rejecting magnet UM2 actuates
the pin U2 through a mechanism which transfers the
SK225, VR2, —. Then, the rotary switch V3 is stepped
to its zero position, whereby the current takes the course
+, OR:9, OR:10,VR2:1, VR2:2, SK2z4, SK2z3, VR3:1,
VR3:2, SK3:3, SK3:4, VR3, -.
When the zeroizing
actuation movement of the magnet armature to the re
jecting pin, and, then, releases said pin to permit it to
be returned by means of a spring. .
BR2 are also energized over the circuits +, OR:1-1,
OR212, BRl, — and +, OR:13, OR114, BR2, -—, respec
The mechanism just mentioned is shown in FIG. 6.
The armature 17 of the rejecting magnet UM2 is loaded,
by means of a spring 18 and is arranged to swing a. lever
tively. The disconnecting relays BR1 and BR2 then
are ‘kept energized by means of the holding circuits +,
pawl 20, which is pressed against the rejecting pin U2
relay OR is energized the disconnecting relays BRl and
KM}, BR122, BR123, BR1,—, and +, Ezt), BR2:2, BR223,
BR2, —, respectively. As soon as the rotary switches
V2 and V3 are zeroized the relay KR is energized over
the circuit: +, SK3z2, SK321, SK2:2, SKZzl, KR,
TSRzS, TSR:4, —.
Thus the holding circuit for the
relay OR will be interrupted at the contacts KR:1, KRzZ,
so that the relay OR again drops.
Then, the key TSR is depressed, which is mechanically
retained in the depressed position. The motor relay MR
is connected to plus over TRzS and TR16, and at the
depressing of the key TSR it is led to minus over TRzZ,
19. At one end this lever is provided with a swingable
Said pin is retained in
its normal position by a pressure spring 22. The pawl
65 by means of a leaf spring 21.
20 is provided with a cam surface 23, which is adapted
to engage a ?xed stop 24, and, furthermore, the pawl‘
is formed with a nose 25 which is adapted to engage
a groove 26 in the rejecting pin U2. When the rejecting
magnet UM2 is energized, the rejecting pin is pushed
outwards, i.e. downwards on the drawing, so that the
coin is rejected. After a certain movement of the pawl
20 the cam surface 23 thereof engages the stopr24, so
that the nose 25 is withdrawn from the groove 26, said
5
3,040,858
pin U2 then being returned to its normal position by
means of the spring 22, in spite of the magnet remaining
energized. When the magnet is again deenergized, the
6
ence to the relay R3, and puts plus onto the contact rail
SE9. In the positions 5 and 7 two plus pulses are sup
plied to the conductor L18, whereby the pulse relay 1R1,
nose 25 of the pawl is again engaged into the groove 26
in the same way as has been mentioned above, is ener
inasmuch as the pawl is pressed against the rejecting 5 gized
and deenergized twice and at each operation pro
pin U2 by means of the spring 21. Of course, the mech
vides
‘for
a stepping, ?rstly, of the digit wheel ET, and,
anism is of the same design in the case of all rejecting
secondly, of the rotary switch V3, arranged for the
magnets UM.
counting of tens, each one step forward. In the switch
As the coin is now rejected, the circuit vfrom the con
position 8 the counting relay R2 is again released in the
tact arm A2 is open, but, instead, the counting relay R3 10 same way as mentioned with respect to the relay R3.
is kept energized to complete the circuit —l—, R3:2, R3z1,
The various parts of the apparatus are now in the same
S17. Therefore, as the rotary switch V1 is stepped
positions as described above in connection with the switch
around, ?ve plus pulses are obtained over the contacts
V1 which then was to leave the position'119, but with the
B:10, Bz12, 13:14, B16 and B18, through the common
exception that the digit wheel ET now is positioned to
conductor L18, to the coil of the pulse relay 1R1, and, 15 show ?gure 7 and the switch V3 stands in the position 7.
as this is connected to minus, the pulse relay 1R1
If there is no further coin in the apparatus, the rotary
is successively energized and deenergized ?ve times.
switch V1 now completes its turn and is stopped in the
Thereby, ?ve plus pulses are delivered over the contact
zero position.
'
springs IR1:4 and IR113 to the digit Wheel ET of the
It
shall
be
assumed
however,
that
a
twenty-?ve-ore
lowest order of the counting device RV14, said wheel 20 piece has arrived at its contact ar-m A6 and
has ‘actuated
thus being positioned to show the ?gure 5. Further,
this when the two-ore-piece is counted. It should be
over the contact springs IR-1z2 and IRlzl, ?ve more plus
mentioned that the twenty-?ve-iire-piece without obstruc
pulses are sent to the stepping relay VRS of the rotary
tion may roll on to its contact arm A6 and, thus, keep
switch V3 to enable a counting of tens.
in readiness already when the two-ore-piece is regis~
When the stepping relay VR3 receives these ?ve plus 25 plus
tered, as the drop relay DR thereby is released and the
pulses, it is successively energized and deenergized ?ve
rejecting pin U5 for the two-ore-piece has been ‘auto
times, each time moving the switch V3 one step ‘forward
matically returned by means of its return spring, im
in the same way as discussed above with reference to the
mediately after the rejection.
rotary switch V1. Thus, the switch V3 stops in position 5.
As the rotary switch V1 in this case is stepped forward
Then, the switch V1 arrives at the position 19, wherein 30 from
the last registering position 8, it in the position 20
it closes the circuit +, R312, R3z1, S17, B119, R3, -—-,
by means of the contact B2t} closes the circuit +, A6,
so that the relay R3 is deenergized, as is also the reject
T4z8, T4:7, B:2t), S26, R5, -—, so‘ that the counting relay
ing magnet UM2. Assuming now, that there is no further
R5 is energized, this relay then providing for the rejec
coin in the apparatus, then, the rotary switch V1 is auto
matically stepped around, until the cam 14 separates the 35 tion of the twenty-?ve-ore-piece through the intermediary
of the rejecting magnet UM6 ‘and the rejecting pin U6
contact springs SK122 and SK1:3, so that the contact
respectively,
and, at the same time, obtaining self-holding
spring VR1:2 of the stepping relay VRl is disconnected
over the contact springs R5 :2 and R5 :1, ‘as mentioned
from the current supply, thus causing the switch V1 to
with respect to the relays R2 and R3, as Well as applying
be stopped in its zero position.
plus
onto the contact rails S20‘, S21 and S22. In the
If, on the other hand, a coin has rolled down along 40
switch positions 21, 23, 25, 27 and 29 ?ve plus pulses are
the track »11 and actuated its contact arm A, when the
transferred to‘ the conductor L18, so that the pulse relay
switch Vll, after the above-mentioned cycle, arrives at
1R1, as mentioned above, is energized and deenergized
the position 20, two principally di?erent possibilities for
‘?ve times, and, at each operation, provides for a stepping
continued counting present themselves, viz. ?rstly, by
use of the not yet passed contact points of the rotary 4-5 of, ?rstly, the digit wheel ET, ‘and, secondly the switch
V3, arranged for the counting of tens, each one step on
switch V1, and, secondly, by automatically restarting the
ward.
After this counting the digit wheel ET, around
rotary switch V1, when it has completed one revolution.
which the ?gures 0-9 are spaced, has been turned past the
For the sake of simplicity it is ?rst assumed that the
zero position and has been positioned to show the ?gure 2,
new coin is a two-ore-piece. This coin has rolled for
ward and actuated its contact arm A5, when the switch 50 and, at the same time, the rotary switch V3 has been
stepped to the position 12 during which operation it has
V1 leaves the position 19, as mentioned above. From
carried out ‘a tens-transmission, as will be described be
the contact arm A5, therefore, plus has been laid to the
low.
.
contact spring DRzlS of the drop relay DR, but as this
During
the
above
discussed
counting
of
?ve
one-digit
relay is deenergized nothing happens in the apparatus
until the switch V1 has completed its turn. At the zero 55 pulses for the twenty-?ve-ore-piece two plus pulses in the
switch positions 22 and 24 by means of the contact points
position of the switch V1 the drop relay, the coil of
C:22 and 0:24 are transferred vfrom the contact rail S22
which is ‘connected to minus through the contact springs
TSR13 and TSR:4, will be connected to plus over the
to a conductor L19.
The conductor L19‘ is connected to
a pulse relay 1R2, which is thereby energized and deener
contact springs SKlzZ, SKlzl, SR22 and SR:1, whereby
the drop relay DR is energized and, in turn, over the 60 gized twice. At each operation this pulse relay 1R2 pro
vides for a stepping of, ?rstly, the tens digit wheel TT of
circuit ;+, A5, T7z‘8, T7:7, DR:18, DR:\17, SR:5, SR26,
the counting device RV14, and, secondly, a second rotary
SR, -—, energizes the start relay SR, which receives a
switch V2, arranged for counting of tens, each one step
brief holding plus from the contact D:1 and, when ex
‘forward. The switch V2 is stepped and released in prin
cited, supplies plus onto the contact spring VRlzZ by
which the switch V1 is started. Then, the switch is kept 65 cipally the same way as the rotary switches V1 and V3.
When, in the switch position 29, the last one of the ?ve
moving during one complete revolution, as the contact
one-digit-pulses has been registered, the switch V1 con
springs SK1:2 and SK1:3 are connected, as has ‘already
tinues to the zero position, in which the relay R5 is re
been mentioned above. When the rotary switch V1 has
leased by means of a plus pulse from the rail 21 to the
been advanced to the position 4, the circuit —l—, A5, T7 :8,
T7:7, B4, S19, R2, -—, is closed, so that the counting 70 contact Bzt) and then to the relay coil. At the same
relay R2 is energized and provides for the rejection of
time, the stepping relay VRl of the rotary switch V1 is
the two'ore-piece through intermediary of the rejecting
disconnected from the current supply by means of the
magnet UMS resp. the rejecting pin U5, and, at the
cam 14, as has already ‘been mentioned. The switch V1,
same time, obtains se1f~holding over the contact springs
however, does not stop at this position, as will now be
R22 and R2:1, as has already been discussed with refer 75 described.
3,040,858
7
The switch V2, which has been positioned in posi
tion 2 at the just mentioned transmission of two tens
8
of coin only, the zeroizing key T0 is ?rst depressed, so
that the apparatus is zeroized as described above.
pulses from the contact spring IR2:1 of the pulse relay
1R2, gives plus from the plus contact rail of the contact
Then, one of the tubing keys T1-T8 for the type of
coin in question is depressed, for instance for two-kronor
level E to the contact spring DRzS of the drop relay DR
through the closed contact springs BR1:2 and BRizi of
pieces. Hereby, the circuit +, T1126, TR25, MR, T111,
T122, —- is closed, so that the motor relay MR is ener
mission.
lay TR is energized and obtains holding current over the
circuit +, 'I'OzS, TO:4, TS:3, TRt4, TR23, TR, —.
Thereby, the circuit —, TR12, TR:1, TSRz7, TSR26, HR,
gized and starts the conveyor 10, so that the coins are
the disconnecting relay BRl. When the ‘drop relay is mo
fed onto the track 11.
mentarily energized in the zero position of the switch V1,
When the ?rst two-kronor piece actuates its ‘contact arm
this plus is transferred onto the contact spring DR:'7 of
the drop relay, so that the starting relay SR is excited 10 Al, the following circuit is closed: +, All, T118, T129,
HR, TSR:6, TSR:7, TR:1, TR22, ——, so that the auxil
and again starts the rotary switch in the manner already
iary relay HR is energized. Hereby, the latter sends a plus
mentioned.
pulse through the path '+, TR16, TR:5, HRzS, HR:6
During the above-mentioned counting operation, the
to the counting device RV15, so that the coin is regis—
switch V3 has, as already indicated, received twelve one
tered therein. At the same time, the auxiliary relay HR
digit-pulses from the pulse relay 1R1, and the digit wheel
sends a plus pulse through the path +, T6211, TG210,
ET of the lowest order has been turned one revolution on
HR:4, HR:3 to the stepping relay VR2 of the rotary
to the position two. The tens digit wheel TT has, how
switch V2, which relay steps the switch V2 one step
ever, only been positioned in position 2 and, likewise, the
forward. :Finally, the auxiliary relay HR sends a plus
switch V2 has only been stepped forward to the position
pulse through the path +, TR26, TR25, HR:1, HR12,
2.. The tens-transmission called for is carried out in the
T1212, T1211 to the rejecting magnet UM:1, so that the
following manner:
coin is rejected from the track 11.
In the position 8 of the switch V3 the holding circuit
When twenty-?ve coins have been rejected from the
of the disconnecting relay BRl, which circuit starts from
track 11 in the manner explained, and the rotary switch
the plus rail of the switch level K, is opened, wherefore
accordingly is positioned in the position 25, the circuit -]-,
this relay is deenergized and prepares for the tens trans
Fz‘25, T1:5, T124, TR, —, is closed, so that the tubing re
Then, as the switch V3 is stepped forward to
the position 10‘, the plus rail of this switch is connected
to the conductor L20‘ and, before the switch V3 has been
stepped forward to the position 18, the switch V1 passes
the position 15, where the contact point C:15\ is con
nected to the contact rail S24.
Thereby, the tens transfer
relay TR1 is energized and receives holding current over
the circuit +, TR1:2, TR121, —. At the same time, the
tens transfer relay TR1 again energizes the disconnecting
relay BRl by means of the contact springs TR1:3 and
TR1:4, whereafter the disconnecting relay is kept ener
gized, as has already been mentioned.
As the tens trans
fer relay TR1 is now energized, plus by the contact springs
TR122 and TR1:1 is transferred onto the contact rail
S22. When the switch V1 then passes the position 16,
the circuit +, TR1:2, TR:1, S22, V1C216, L19, LR2, -—,
is closed, the pulse relay 1R2 thereby delivering a plus
-|- is opened, so that the auxiliary relay HR cannot be ex
cited by means of the twenty-sixth coin. This, therefore,
remains on the track 11, so that the coin wrapper with the
rejected twenty-?ve coins may be replaced by an empty
one. At the energizing of the tubing relay TR even the cir
cuit +, TR26, TRzS, MR, etc. is opened, so that the motor
relay MR is disconnected and temporarily stops the driv
ing motor of the conveyor 10. When the tubing relay TR
is kept energized the circuit +, TR:10, TRz9, VR211,
VR222, SK224, SKZz'S, VR2, —-, is closed, so that the ro
tary switch V2 returns to the zero position.
When the wrapper has been replaced, the key TS is
depressed, whereby the holding circuit of the tubing relay
+, T015, TO:4, T824, T823, TRz4, TR23, TR, -—, is
pulse to the tens digit wheel TT and to the switch V2, thus
opened, so that this relay is deenergized. Thereby, the
stepping them one step» each forward. Thus, the count 45 circuit —, TR:2, TR:1, TSRz7, TSR:6, HR, ‘+, is closed,
ing device VR14 has now been positioned into position 32,
so that the auxiliary relay HR again may be energized
which is the amount of the sorted coins. In the position
by means of the twenty-sixth coin ‘as well as. by the next
17 of the switch V1 the circuit +, S24, V1Cz17, TR1, ——
ones in turn.
is closed, and therefore the tens transfer relay TR1 is again
When tubing other coins than two-kronor-pieces, more
deenergized, whereas the disconnecting relay BRl, how
contact points are required in the rotary switch V2,
ever, remains energized.
wherefore the switch must be driven two revolutions for
Parallel to the rail S24 there is disposed another con
each tubing cycle, and thereby use the contact level F
tact rail S26 with corresponding contact points Cz27,
and then the contact level H.
0:28 and Cz29‘, which are arranged parallel to the contact
When the switch V2 by tubing of for example two-ore
pieces, has been stepped ‘forward into the position 29,
points C215, C116 and C:17, and, therefore, a tens trans—
fer operation may take place also in this switch position,
the circuit '+, F229, PR, —, is closed, and therefore the
change over relay PR is energized. Thereby, plus over
if desired. These last mentioned members have been ar
the contact springs FR:2, FRzl is laid to the hitherto
ranged only in order that the capacity of the switch V1
inactive contact rail S27 of the switch level P, and, fur
may be utilized in the best way possible.
thermore, the change over relay FR obtains holding cur
As far as sorting and counting are concerned the cir
rent through the following path -I-, DR:7, DR:8, TR:8,
cuits of the different types of coins are principally alike,
TR:7, lFRz5, FR14, FR, —. When the switch V2 on its
and therefore a further description thereof is considered
second
revolution arrives at the position 20, i.e. corre
to be super?uous. However, it should be mentioned that
sponding
to ?fty coins, a circuit is closed from the rail
a tens transfer of the above discussed kind is not required
S27 to the contact springs T7 :5 and T724 of the now
as regards kronor, and two kronor-pieces. The sum total 65 actuated key T7, so that the tubing relay TR again is
of kronor and two-‘kronor is directly indicated and reg
energized and temporarily stops the apparatus in order to
istered in the counting device VRM», which contains sev
permit the replacement of the wrapper. Then, the appa
eral digit wheels for the indication of the one-digit-, ten
ratus is again started in the way already mentioned by
digits-, hundred-digits ?gure, etc. of the kronor amount.
depressing the key TS‘, so that the tubing relay TR is
Between these wheels the tens transfer is performed by
deenergized, as is also the change over relay vFR.
mechanical means.
Tubing
Series Counting
Series counting is carried out when it is desired to
When packing coins in coin wrappers, so-called tubing,
whereby the apparatus, each time, works with one type 75 count the number of coins of one sort only. Thereby, the
3,040,858
9
key TG is depressed and the motor relay is energized
10
the deenergizing may take place at a moderate speed a
condenser 35 is connected between a centre tap of the.
coil of the hunting relay AR and minus. Each time the
over the contact springs TG:1 and TGz2. Further, the
key for the type of coin in question is depressed, in this
example the key T7, which deals with two-ore-pieces.
hunting relay AR is energized, its contact springs
As is already mentioned, when tubing, it is necessary 5 AR:3—AR:4, AR:5--AR:6, a.s.o. are ‘closed by the pair
to have a current over the contact springs TGzlil, HR:4
so that the hunting magnets AMI-AM6 are energized,
and HR:3 for the stepping of the switch V2. As the
and these later open when the hunting relay AR is re
contact springs TG211 and TK210 are now separated, the
switch V2 remains standing during the series counting.
leased.
Therefore, the levers 29, are continuously re
ciprocated so that the abutments 30 as well as the tongues
As in the case of the described tubing, plus pulses are 10 31 carry out a reciprocating movement. As soon as a
obtained from the contact arms A, in this instance the
coin enters between an abutment 31 and the. correspond
arm A5, and these pulses over the path ‘+, A5, T7 :8,
ing ‘contact arm 33 this contact arm is actuated, so that
T729, HR, TSR:6, TSR:7, TR:1, TR:2, —, provide for
the contact springs AM6:1 and AM623, for example,
the energizing of the auxiliary relay. Thereby, this
actuated by said contact arm, are laid against their ?xed
through its contact springs HR:5 and HR:6 emits a count 15 contact springs, i.e. in this case AM6:2 and AM6:4.
ing impulse to the counting device RV15. At the same
Thereby, the hunting magnet AM6 receives holding cur
time, it through the contacts T7 :12 and T7 :11 emits a
rent over the circuit +, TSR:2, TSRzl, AM6:1, AM6:2,
pulse to the rejecting magnet UMS by means of the con
AM6, T6:11, T6z10, R3z4, R3:3, —, wherefore it brie?y
tact springs HRzl and HR:2, so that the coin is rejected
remains energized. At the same time, the circuit +,
and a new coin may roll forward and actuate the contact
arm A5.
This is then continuously repeated until the
AM6z3, AM6:4, T6:8, DR:16, iDR:15, SR:5, SR:6, SR,
—, is closed, as. the drop relay DR has been temporarily
excited already at the depressing of the key TSR, as men
exhausted.
tioned regarding the embodiment according to FIG. 1.
The embodiment according to FIG. 4 is distinguished
When the latter circuit is closed, the switch V1 is started,
25
from the one in FIG. 1 in that the coins on the track 11
‘and in the position 9 of same the counting relay R3 is
apparatus is stopped or the coins in the conveyor 10 are
shall not actuate any contact arms and then be rejected
excited in the same manner as has already vbeen men
from this track by means of an electro-mechanic device
tioned above. Thereby, the holding circuit of the hunt
of the kind shown in FIG. 6. In this second embodi
ing magnet AM6 opens, so that the magnet is deenergized,
ment the coins are instead diverted from the track by
the coin then being pushed off from the supporting tongue
means of wedge formed projections K1—-K8 which are 30 31 to drop down into the shaft 12. Then, the counting
arranged at successively decreasing heights above the
is carried out in the same way as described with reference
track 11. Then, the coins drop down into channels 27,
to FIGS. 2 and 3, until the counting relay R3 again is
released at position 19 of the switch V1. Simultaneously,
top of the other, and are kept in readiness for the count
with the counting described above other coins also may
35
ing.
be counted. Supposing that there are coins in the cor
As is shown in FIG. 7 a hunting magnet AM1—AM8,
responding channels, a one-'ore, ten-ore and a one-krona
is arranged for each channel, and when the apparatus is
piece, for instance, are counted in the switch positions
running these hunting magnets are energized and deener
1, 2 and 3, respectively; in the switch positions 4, 5, 6,
gized in rapid succession by means of a hunting relay
40 7, 8 a two-ore-piece is counted, and in the switch posi
FIGS. 4 and 7, where they are placed on edge, one on
AT, common for all the magnets.
To the armature of
the hunting magnet loaded with a spring 28, is secured
a lever 29 which extends through an aperture in the back ,
wall 27A of the channel 27. At its outer end the lever
29 is provided with an abutment '30‘ and a support tongue
tions 4-14 a ?fty-ore-piece is counted, as Will be seen
from FIG. 2. This, naturally, is also the case with the
embodiment according to FIG. 1, but with the second
embodiment now described the advantage is that. the coins
may be brought forward into a position in readiness for
31. When the magnet AM is energized, the abutment 30 45 counting without hindering each other, wherefore the
is pushed outwards, so that it projects a little beyond the
capacity of the apparatus is considerably increased. In
level of the outside of the bow-shaped ribs 32 at the
all other respects the two embodiments are identical.
lower end of the channel 27. Along the level just men—
The invention has been described above with reference
tioned a moveable contact 33 extends across an opening
to an apparatus for Swedish coins, but it is readily appre
34 in the front wall of the channel. When there is no 50 ciated, that it may also be applied to other types of coins.
coin in the channel, the abutment 30‘ is free to move for
The invention is not limited to the embodiment as
wards and backwards. If, however, a coin stands on the
shown, as ‘a number of modifications and detail alter
ribs 32 when the abutment 30 ‘is pushed outwards, said
ations may be introduced.
abutment engages the coin and pushes it away from the
'What I claim is:
ribs 32, so that it slides down onto the supporting tongue 55
1. An apparatus for sorting and counting coins com
31. When the coin is displaced outwards, it pulls out
prising, a sorting track, means for guiding coins onto said
wards the contact arm 83, so that the contact springs
AM621 and AM6:3, FIG. 5 actuated by the contact arm
track, a collection means into which the sorted coins are
deposited, contact members for coins of various denomi
33, are laid against their vfixed contact springs AM622
nations, a selector device operative, when a coin has en
and AM624, resp. When the abutment 30 returns, the 60 gaged the contact member for coins of its particular de
lower edge of the inside of the coin abuts the ribs 32,
nomination, to excite a counting relay and energize the
whereas the supporting tongue 31 is pulled away, so that
same
and cause the selector device to become operative
the coin drops down into the shaft 12.
to effect the discharge of the coin into the collecting
The operation of the apparatus will now be described
in more detail with reference especially to FIG. 5, where 65 means, the selector device including a rotary switch, a
starting relay operative to start rotative movement of
in are shown those parts only which imply an alteration
said switch, a drop relay for exciting the starting relay,
as compared with FIGS. 2 and 3. When the apparatus
a control member operative to cause energizing of the
is started, after a previous actuation of the zeroizing key
drop relay, said control member when energized being
T0, for instance by depressing the key TSR so that sort
operative to transfer pulses from the contact members
ing and counting is performed, a circuit +, AR:1, ARzZ, 70 to the starting relay to thereby excite the starting relay
AR, TSR:3, TSR:4, —, is closed, so that the hunting relay
and de-energize the drop relay, a readable counting de
AR is energized, and again opens the just mentioned
vice actuated by selector operation, a tens-transfer device
circuit, for which reason it is again deenergized, where
then operative, and means for de-energizing the counting
after it is energized once more, and so on.
In order that 75
relay after the completion of the counting operation.
3,040,858
11
2. An apparatus as provided for in claim 1, wherein
the tens-transfer device consists of a plurality of rotary
switches similar to that of the rotary switch.
3. An apparatus for sorting and counting coins com~
prising, a sorting track, means for guiding coins onto
said track, a collection means into which the sorted coins
are deposited, contact members for coins of various de
nominations, a selector device operative, when a coin
has engaged the contact member for coins of its particular
denomination, to excite a counting relay and energize the
same and cause the selector device to become operative
to e?ect the discharge of the coin into the collecting
means, the selector device including a rotary switch ar
ranged to be automatically set in operation when any
one of the contact members is actuated, a contact closed
by the setting of the switch in operation to thereby main
tain the switch in rotation for one revolution and said
contact being opened when the switch completes such
revolution, a readable counting device actuated by selector
12
are deposited, contact means for coins of various de-_
nominations, each of the said-contact members including
contact arms spacedfor coins» of speci?c denominations,
continuously reciprocating abutment means 'for actuating
said arms through the intermediary of deposited coins,
said abutment means being. operative to cause ‘actuation
of the corresponding contact, arm and to then urge the
coin into the collection means, a selector device oper
ative, when a coin has engaged the contact member ‘for
coins of its particular denomination, to excite a counting
relay and energize the same to cause the selector devicev
to become openative to effect the discharge of the coin
into the collecting means, a readable counting device.
actuated by selector operation, -a tens-transfer device then
operative, and means for de-energizing the counting relay
after the completion of the counting operation.
References Cited in the file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
operation, a tens-transfer device then operative, and 20 2,603,333
means for de-energizing the counting relay after the
2,635,730
completion of the counting operation.
4. An apparatus for sorting and counting coins com
prising, a sorting track, means for ‘guiding coins onto
said track, a collection means into which the sorted coins 25
2,828,073
Riohey ______________ __ July 15, 1952
Seckula ______________ __ Apr. 21, 1953
Fennerty ____________ __ Mar. 25, 1958
538,701
Germany ____________ __ Nov. 20, 1931
FOREIGN PATENTS
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