close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3042260

код для вставки
July 3, 1962
LEE 5. WATLINGTON
3,042,250
NEWSPAPER VENDING APPARATUS
Filed NOV. 17, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet l
INVENTOR.
LEE ‘5'. WATL/Né 701v
" " " " " " "" gym‘ M,
.1115 ATTOKIVEKi
July 3, 1962
LEE 5. WATLINGTON
3,042,250
NEWSPAPER VENDING APPARATUS
Filed NOV. 17, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Fig. 6.
JNVENTOR.
July 3, 1962
LEE 8. WATLINGTON
3,042,250
NEWSPAPER VENDING APPARATUS
Filed Nov. 17, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
77 bilk-3L.
7574
73
~ 92
:31
5% 25
(
80
2
37
“a T]?-
81
F‘
7
1g, .
35
29
I
20
161
I
‘5
13
I
177% 4
INVEN TOR.
A
LEE 5. M/?nm/erm/
BY WXM
July 3, 1962
LEE 5. WATLINGTON
3,042,250
NEWSPAPER VENDING APPARATUS
Filed Nov. 17, 1960
173g.
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
INVENTOR.
United States Patent ?ice
3,042,250
Patented July 3, 1962
1
2
3,042,250
Journalled between the legs 23 and 24 beneath the
middle plate 26’ of the bridge-like structure 25 is a
Lee S. Watlington, 1204 N. Linden, Bloomington, Ill.
Filed Nov. 17, 1960, Ser. No. 69,989
6 Claims. (Cl. 221-41)
shaft 27. This shaft 27 has its opposite ends projected
through corresponding slots 28 formed in the legs 23
NEWSPAPER VENDING APPARATUS
My invention relates to a new and useful improvement
in a vending apparatus and more particularly to that
type of vending apparatus which will successively vend
and 24, and extends between spaced apart ?ange mem
bers 29 and 30‘ mounted on the legs 23 .and 24 to either
side of the slots 28 as seen in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4.
Channel-shaped brackets 31 are mounted on the shaft
27 and have their opposite arms adapted to override
from a vertical stack a single newspaper or the like.
10 the ?ange members 29 and 30 so as to provide therewith
An object of my invention is in the provision in an
a slidable connection. Set screws 32 or the like are
apparatus of this character of a manually operated means
threaded into the shaft 27 exteriorly of the brackets 31
for dispensing through a delivery chute a single news
paper or the like.
and hold the same on each end thereof and in slidable
contact with the ?ange members 29 and 30.
Another object of my invention is in the provision 15
Mounted on the shaft 27 are a pair of dispensing ?ngers
in an apparatus of this character of a means for pro
33. These ?ngers extend into the interior of the box
gressively presenting one article of a stack of articles
like structure through elongated slots 34 formed in the
into a dispensing position.
top wall 21 thereof, (FIG. 2). These ?ngers 33 are each
A further object of my invention is in the provision
provided with penetrating points 35 for engaging and
in an apparatus of this character of a means for main 20 moving the top most paper to be vended into the de
taining a delivery slot closed until an article is vended
livery chute. These ?ngers 3-3 as well as the bridge-like
therethrough.
structure 25 and rail members 22 make up the dispenser
Yet another object of my invention is in the provision
means of this invention.
in an apparatus of this character of a means for prevent~
Referring to FIG. 3 I show the dispensing means in
ing operation thereof when the supply of articles to be 25 its normal inoperative position. Carried by the side wall
vended has been exhausted.
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
19 is the actuating mechanism for moving the dispensing
means through its desired operation.
The invention consists in the novel combination and
This actuating mechanism includes a vertically dis
arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and
posed horizontally extending track 36 mounted on the
claimed.
30 exterior face of the side wall 19. A vertically extending
_ The invention will be best understood by reference to
the accompanying drawings showing the preferred form
of construction, and in which:
moving plate 37 is provided with Wheel elements 38
which are adapted to be in contact with the track 36
in a manner permitting the horizontal movement of
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of my improved vending
the moving plate 37 over the track 36 in spaced relation
apparatus;
35 to the side wall 19.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the inner mechanism
The moving plate 37 is provided with a laterally ex
of my vending apparatus;
tending block 39 through which extends a rod 40 of an
FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the inner mech
actuating handle 41. This rod 40 is connected to the
anism of my apparatus;
block 39 in a manner shown in FIG. 6. The block 39
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view similar to FIG. 3 40 has a spring-urged V-shaped detent 42 carried thereon.
but showing the mechanism in an actuated position;
This detent 42 will engage a corresponding V-shaped
FIG. 5 is a detailed sectional view ‘taken on line 5—5
notch 42’ formed in the underside of the rod 40 and
of FIG. 1;
connecting the same thereto. By this arrangement I have
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary elevational view showing in
provided a yieldable connection between the actuating
45
dotted lines a portion of my invention; and
‘I
handle and the ‘actuating mechanism of my apparatus.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary schematic view showing the
If the rod 40 through the handle 41 is subject to excess
method of indicating that the, supply of articles to be
stress or compression by vandals or the like attempting
vended from the apparatus is exhausted.
to illegally operate the apparatus the rod 40 will become
The apparatus of my invention is adapted to be housed
disconnected from the block 39 and the moving plate 37
in a cabinet 10, providing a front panel 11, hinged as 50 without damage to the remaining structure of the appa~
at 12 to a portion of a partial front Wall 13. The front
panel 11 is provided with a glass portion 14 through which
ratus.
As seen in FIG. 3 moving plate 37 is at rest against a
This stop 43 prevents continued horizontal
As it is contemplated that my vending apparatus be
movement of the plate 37 in the direction of the rear wall
55
20
coin controlled, I provide in the partial front wall 13
The moving plate 37 is connected to the leg 24 of the
a’coin slot 15. Adjacent this coin slot 15 is a slot 16
dispensing means by a toggle lever arrangement. This
through which is visible an indicator for noticing the
toggle lever arrangement consists of a center lever 44
“empty” condition of the apparatus when such condi
a current issue of a newspaper may be viewed.
stop 43.
.
pivotally connected as at 45 to the stop 43. One end of
60 the lever 44 is pivotally connected to a link 46 which in
The inner mechanism of my apparatus comprises a
turn is pivotally connected as at 47 to the leg 24. The
box-like structure having a bottom plate 17, side walls
opposite end of the center lever 44 is pivotally connected
18 and ‘19, arear wall 20 and a top wall 21. Adjacent
to a :bottom link 48 by means of a nut and bolt 49 slidably
the top of each of the side walls 18 and 19 and mounted
journalled in an elongated slot 50 formed in the link 48.
exterior thereof are rail members 22.
65 The bottom link 48 is in turn pivotally connected as at 51
Mounted for horizontal movement over the rail mem
to the moving plate 47. The moving plate 47 is adapted
bers 22 are the opposite ends of legs 23 and 24 of a
to be operatively connected to a coin controlled releasing
U-shaped bridge-‘like structure 25. Each leg 23 and 24
mechanism through a link 52. The connection between
has rotatably mounted thereon a plurality of wheels 26
which are adapted to be in contact with the railmem 70 the link 52 and the releasing mechanism and the opera
tion of the latter makes up no part of this invention and
bers 22 for movement thereover as seen in FIGS. 2, 3
such construction, operation and function are well known
and 4.
in the art.
tion exists.
3,042,250
3
Within the box-like structure of the inner mechanism
of my ‘apparatus I provide a storing platform 53. This
platform 53 is provided with depending side ?anges 54.
The side ?anges 54 are provided at each corner thereof
with wheels 55. The front wheels 55 are adapted to ride
4
spring 85 is ?xedly connected to a pin 86 carried by the
wall 13.
In the schematic drawing of FIG. 7 I show frag
ment-arily a stack of newspapers 87 which would nor
mally be ‘carried upon the platform 53. The top most
paper 87 has engaged the trip lever 74 and pivoted it in
an anti-clockwise direction about its pivot-a1 connection
walls 18 and 19. The rear wheels 55 are adapted to ride
75. This pivotal movement of the lever 74 has pulled
in a groove track 57 attached to the inner faces of the
the ?exible cable 77 through the tubing 78 and has
side walls 18 and 19 as viewed in FIGS. 2 and 5. To
caused the plate 81 to be placed in the condition shown
10
assure a uniform vertical movement of the platform 53
in FIG. 7 wherein the slot 82 is in open communication
through the box-like structure of the inner mechanism
with the coin slot 15. This movement of the plate 81
of my invention I provide a pair of ratchet wheels 58
into the position shown in FIG. 7 is against the action of
mounted on the ends of a shaft 59 which are journalled
the spring 85. In the event that the supply of newspapers
through the depending ?anges 54 of the platform 53.
These ratchet wheels 58 are adapted to engage oppositely 15 87 within the cabinet 18 is exhausted the trip lever 74 by
reason of its weighted end 88 will pivot by the force of
disposed vertically extending rack bars 68 carried by the
gravity in a clockwise direction about its pivotal connec
inner faces of the side walls 18 and 19 between the
tion 75. The action of the spring 85 will cause the plate
grooved track members 56 and 57 as viewed in FIGS. 2
81 to move to the left as viewed in FIG. 7 so as to place
and 5.
Disposed between the underside of the platform 53 and 20 the slot 82 formed therein out of communication with the
coin slot 15. Such movement of the plate 81 will move
the bottom plate 17 is a coil spring 61. The coil spring
the word “Empty” as carried by the plate 81 into a posi
61 is adapted to move the platform vertically between
tion to be viewed through slot 16. By this simple arrange~
the side walls 18 and 19 and thus continuously move a
ment 1 have provided a means of preventing the deposit of
stack of newspapers or the like which are placed on the
a
platform 53 into a position where the uppermost news 25 coin in the apparatus when its supply of articles to be
vended has become exhausted.
paper will be engaged by the dispensing ?ngers 33 as
The operation of my vending apparatus is as follows:
viewed in FIG. 5.
To
load the apparatus the serviceman will depress the
As viewed in FIG. 5 the front panel 11 has its top edge
platform 53 against the action of the coil spring 61. He
spaced from a portion 62 of the partial front wall 13 of
the cabinet 10. This space 63 constitutes the delivery 30 will do this through a U-shaped handle 89 which has its
oppositely disposed arms pivotally journalled as at 90
slot through which an article to be vended is caused to
and 91 in the side walls 18 and 19 respectively. The
ass.
in a groove 56 provided by the vertical edges of the side
p It should also be noted that the front panel 11 provides
an inclined surface 64 which is in the path of movement
arms of the handle 89 extend over rollers 92 carried
between parallelly extending ears 93 of a front plate 94
of the articles as they are dispensed by the dispensing 35 provided by the depending ?anges 54 of the platform
53. The handle 89 together with the platform 53 is
mechanism. The dispensing mechanism causes the ar
held in its retracted position by a latch 95 pivotally con
ticle to be dispensed to engage and move up and over the
nected as at 96 to mounting brackets 97 carried by the
inclined surface 64 as the article is dispensed.
bottom plate 17.
By this invention I provide a means for closing the
A stack of newspapers 87 or the like will then be placed
delivery slot 63 when an article is not being dispensed 40
on the platform 53 and the handle 89 is then released.
therethrough. This means comprises a tray-like closure
structure 65. This tray-like structure is pivotally mounted
as at 66 to a portion of the top wall ‘21.
This closure
The coil spring 61 will raise the platform 53 together
with the newspapers 87 thereon to a point where the
provides a tapered surface 67 corresponding to the tapered
topmost paper will engage the dispensing ?ngers 33 of
plate 26' of the bridge-like structure 25.
A purchaser will deposit in the coin slot 15 the proper
coins and will then pull the actuating handle 41. The
handle 41 through the rod 40 will cause the moving plate
surface 64 of the front panel 11 as seen in FIG. 5. The 45 the dispensing mechanism and the trip lever 74 of the
indicating means.
front wall ‘68 of the tray-like structure 65 is of a suf?cient
This may all be done through the hinged front panel 11.
size to close the delivery slot 63. The closure is pre
The apparatus is now ready to vend a newspaper or the
vented from being raised by a depending ?nger 69 piv
like.
otally carried by a projecting arm 70 attached to the top
Referring to FIG. 5 I show an arrangement of parts
for indicating whether or not the vending apparatus of
this invention has a supply of articles therein to be vended.
Attached to the inner face of the rear wall 71 of the
cabinet 10 is a mounting bracket 72. This bracket 72 55
provides depending ears 73. A trip lever 74 is pivotally
connected as at 75 to the ears 73 of the mounting bracket
72. One end 76 of the trip lever 74 has ?xedly connected
thereto a ?exible cable 77. This ?exible cable 77 is
adapted to be housed in a tubing 78 which is connected to
an L-shaped bracket 79 mounted on the top wall of the
37 to move forward on the tracks 36 from the position
shown in FIG. 3 to that position shown in FIG. 4. The
movement of the moving plate 37 through the toggle
lever arrangement will cause the dispensing means com
prising the bridge-like structure 25 to move rearwardly
over the rail members 22 from the position shown in
FIG. 3 to that shown in FIG. 4. The legs 23 and 24
will engage stop members 98 mounted on the walls 18
and 19 at the rear end of the rail members 22. These
stop members 98 will prevent further movement of the
bracket 72. The tubing 78 is adapted to pass within the
dispensing mechanism. The ?ngers 33 carried by the
cabinet 10 to the partial front ‘Wall 13 thereof.
legs 23 and 24 will be caused to move rearwardly over
Referring to FIG. 7 I schematically show the trip lever 65 the uppermost newspaper. The purchaser will then push
74, the ?exible cable 77, the tubing 78 and a fragment
the handle 41 into its original position as seen in FIG. 1
of the partial front wall 13. On the inner face of the
causing a reversal movement of the parts just described.
front wall 13 there are mounted spaced apart guide mem
As the bridge-like structure 25 is caused to move to its
bers 80. A plate 81 is slidably mounted therebet-ween.
original position as shown in FIG. 3 the penetrating points
This plate 81 is provided with a slot 82 which under 70 35 of the dispensing ?ngers 33 will have caused the up
permost newspaper to be moved forward into engagement
certain circumstances will be in open communication with
with the inclined surface 64 of the front panel 11 and
the coin slot 15 formed in the front wall 13. The ?exible
the tapered surface 67 of the closure tray 65. It should
cable 77 is attached to one side of the plate 81 as at 83.
be noted that as the dispensing mechanism was moved
The other side of the plate 81 has connected thereto as
at 84 one end of a spring 85. The other end of the 75 into the position shown in FIG. 4 the depending ?nger
3,042,250
5
6
69 carried by the arm 70 was moved out of engagement
(n) means for guiding said connecting means through
with the tray closure 65. This permitted the newspaper
a horizontal plane during movement of said actuat
ing means,
(0) means for guiding said carriage reciprocally for
that was being dispensed to pivot the same so as to open
the delivery slot 63 through which the newspaper was
to be dispensed. In the event that the second newspaper
of the stack of newspapers 87 should adhere to the upper
most newspaper as it is being vended the tapered surface
64 will prevent such second paper from being dispensed
with the ?rst or topmost newspaper. It has been found
that the tapered surface 64 will restrict further move 10
ment of the second newspaper through the delivery slot 63.
While I have illustrated and described the preferred
form of construction for carrying my invention into effect,
this is capable of variation and modi?cation without de
movement through a horizontal plane over said box
like structure,
(p) a closure pivotally carried by the top wall of said
box-like structure for normally closing said delivery
opening,
(q) locking means pivotally carried by said carriage
and normally in contact with said closure for pre
venting pivotal movement thereof in one direction
out of said delivery opening,
(r) said locking means pivotally connected to said
parting from the spirit of the invention. I, therefore, do 15
carriage so as to be moved therewith out of contact
not wish to be limited to the precise details of construc
tion set forth, but desire to avail myself of such variations
and modi?cations as come within the scope of the ap
with said closure so the latter may be pivoted out of
pended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as 20
new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
said delivery opening by the paper being vended,
(s) said locking means pivotally held out of locking
position by said closure when said closure is pivoted
out of closing position during the vending of a news
paper therethrough.
1. A newspaper vending machine comprising
(a) a housing, the front wall of which is provided with
2. A newspaper vending machine as de?ned by claim
1 wherein the means for guiding said connecting means
a delivery opening,
that connect said actuating means to said carriage and
(b) a downwardly inclined delivery chute extending 25 the means for guiding reciprocal movement of said car
from said delivery opening inwardly of said housing,
(c) a box-like structure positioned interiorly of said
housing and having an open front facing the front
wall of said housing,
(a‘) a horizontally extending movable platform within
said box-like structure for supporting a vertical stack
riage relative to said box-like structure comprise track
members.
3. A newspaper vending machine as defined by claim 1
wherein the means connecting said one end of said actuat
ing means to said carriage comprise a toggle-like linkage
and connecting plate.
of horizontally disposed newspapers,
4. A newspaper vending machine as defined by claim 1
(e) means for successively moving in a vertical direc
wherein said locking means pivotally carried by said car
tion through said box-like structure said platform and
riage and normally in contact with said closure comprises
the stacked newspapers as they are successively 35 a locking pin pivotable in one direction with respect to
vended from. said housing,
said carriage.
(1‘) said means including a spring in said box-like struc
ture and beneath said platform and adapted to move
5. A newspaper vending machine as de?ned by claim 1
wherein the means movably connecting the free ends of
the same vertically therethrough,
said carriage to the opposite side walls of said box-like
(g) a substantially inverted U-shaped carriage sup 40 structure comprise rollers movable over track members
ported by said box-like structure adapted to be re
provided by said box-like structure.
ciprocally moved transversely thereover, through a
6. A newspaper vending machine comprising
horizontal plane,
(a) a housing, the front wall of which is provided with
a delivery opening,
(h) means movably connecting the free arms of said 45
inverted U-shaped carriage to the opposite side walls
(b) a downwardly inclined delivery chute extending
of said box-like structure adjacent the top wall
from said delivery opening inwardly of said housing,
(0) a box-like structure positioned interiorly of said
thereof,
(i) said carriage pivotally supporting vending ?ngers
housing and having an open front facing the front
freely projectable through slots formed in the top 50
wall of said housing,
wall of said box-like structure and adapted to be
(d) a horizontally extending movable platform within
freely moved transversely over the uppermost paper
said box-like structure for supporting a vertical stack
of horizontally disposed newspapers,
in one direction,
(j) said ?ngers having penetrating points carried by
(2) means for successively moving in a. vertical direc
the free end thereof for engaging the uppermost pa 55
tion through said box-like structure said platform
per when said ?ngers are moved in an opposite trans
verse direction with respect thereto so as to move the
uppermost paper on to said delivery chute and out of
said delivery opening,
(k) actuating means for moving said carriage recipro 60
cally over said box-like structure,
(I) said actuating means having one end connected to
said carriage and the opposite end extending ex
teriorly of said housing, with said opposite end man
ually movable through a horizontal plane in a ?rst 65
direction away from said front wall of said housing
and in a second direction toward said front wall,
(m) means connecting said one end of said actuating
means to said carriage for moving said carriage rear
wardly over said box-like structure in an opposite 70
direction to the ?rst direction of movement of said
and the stacked newspapers as they are successively
vended from said housing,
(f) said means including a spring in said box-like struc
ture and beneath said platform and adapted to move
the same vertically therethrough,
(g) a substantially inverted U-shaped carriage sup
ported by said box-like structure adapted to be re
ciprocally moved transversely thereover, through a
horizontal plane,
(h) roller members carried by the free arms of said
carriage and movable over tracks for connecting and
guiding said carriage to said box-like structure ad
jacent the top wall thereof,
(i) said carriage pivotally supporting vending ?ngers
freely projectable through slots formed in the top
box-like structure reversely to the second direction
wall of said box-like structure and adapted to be
freely moved transversely over the uppermost paper
in one direction,
of movement of said actuating means so as to vend a
(i) said ?ngers having penetrating points carried by the
actuating means, and in a forward direction over said
paper through said delivery means,
free end thereof for engaging the uppermost paper
3,042,250
7
opening,
verse direction with respect thereto so as to move
(q) a locking pin pivotally carried by said carriage and
the uppermost paper on to said delivery chute and
out of said delivery opening,
(k) actuating means for moving said carriage recipro
normally in contact with said closure for preventing
UK
cally over said box-like structure,
(I) said actuating means having one end connected to
said carriage and the opposite end extending ex
teriorly of said housing, with said opposite end man
ually movable through a horizontal plane in a ?rst 10
direction away from said front wall of said housing
and in second direction toward said front wall,
(m) toggle-like linkage connecting said one end of said
actuating means to said carriage for moving said car
riage rearwardly over said box-like structure in an 15
opposite direction to the ?rst direction of movement
of said actuating means, and in a forward direction
over said box-like structure reversely to the second
direction of movement of said actuating means so
as to vend a paper through said delivery opening,
(n) track members for guiding said connecting means
through a horizontal plane during movement of said
‘actuating means,
(0) track members for guiding said carriage recipro
cally for movement through a horizontal plane over
said box-like structure,
(p) a closure pivotally carried by the top wall of said
8
box-like structure for normally closing said delivery
when said ?ngers are moved in an opposite trans
pivotal movement thereof in one direction out of
said delivery opening,
(r) said locking pin pivotally connected to said car
riage so as to be moved therewith out of contact
with said closure so the latter may be pivoted out
of said delivery opening by the paper being vended,
(s) said locking pin pivotally held out of locking po
sition by said closure when said closure is pivoted
out of closing position during the vending of a news
paper therethrough.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
494,444
1,655,325
Salter et a1 ___________ __ Mar. 28, 1893
Mitchusson et a1. _______ .__ Ian. 3, 1928
1,749,233
Scott ________________ __ Mar. 4, 1930
1,919,017
1,951,746
2,816,689‘
2,832,506
Giles ________________ __ July
Bonaccolta et al _______ __ Mar.
Stoner _______________ __ Dec.
Hatcher ______________ __ Apr.
18, 1933
20, 1934'
17, 1957
29, 1958
FOREIGN PATENTS
553,113
France ________________ __ Feb. 5, 1923
Wu4,
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
827 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа