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Патент USA US3043209

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July 10, 1962
3,043,19 7
J. w. PIPER ET AL
MEANS FOR CONTROLLING GUIDED MISSILES
Filed June 29, 1959
3 Sheets—$heet 1
July 10, 1962
3,043,197
J. w. PIPER ETAL
MEANS FOR CONTROLLING GUIDED MISSILES
Filed June 29, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
July 10, 1962
J. w. PIPER ET AL
3,043,197
MEANS FOR CONTROLLING GUIDED MISSILES
Filed June 29, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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3,943,197
United‘ States Patent 0 ' ice
Patented July 10,1962
2
1 .
John W. Piper, Godalming, and William Harry Fryer,
thumb is constrained by the housing 16 to move only in
the direction determined by said two axes 171, 172.
The control unit incorporates two electric potentiom
eters Ph and Pv respectively housed in the casings 18, 19.
The wiper 22 of the potentiometer Ph contained in the
Filed June 29, 1959, Ser. No. 823,606
Claims priority, application Great Britain July 25, 1958
3 Claims. (Cl. 89—1.7)
casing 18 is connected to the spindle 20 on which the
lever 17 is mounted, so that when operated this potenti~
ometer Ph transmits to the missile signals imparting
guidance in the horizontal plane. The wiper 23 of the
3,043,197
MEANS FOR CONTROLLING GUIDED MISSELES
Byileet, England, assignors to Vickers-Armstrongs
(Aircraft) Limited, London, England
potentiometer Pv housed in the casing 19 is operated by
The invention has ‘for its object to provide improved 10 the movement of the housing 16 about the axis 171, so
means for controlling electrically guided missiles, prin
that when operated this potentiometer Pv transmits to
cipally (though not necessarily exclusively) missiles which
the missiles signals imparting guidance in the vertical
are capable of being launched and operated by an in
plane.
Electric batteries for the two potentiometers Ph and
fantryman.
15
Pv are housed within the handle grip 12, suitable connec
For this purpose the invention provides a control unit
tions being made with the end contacts of the potenti
having two handle grips disposed one in front of the
ometers. The electric guidance circuits relating to said
potentiometers, and the ?ring circuit connected with the
trigger switch 13, are accommodated in the leads in
cluded in a trailing-cable 21 which is attached to the
handle 12. The handle grip is used to accommodate a
passive resistance-capacitance network, serving as a
other, by which the control unit may be aligned on the
target, an electrical trigger-switch or ?ring button adapted
to be connected by trailing wires to a lunching apparatus
for the missile, and a pivotally mounted thumb housing
adapted to receive one of the operator’s thumbs and to
constrain the thumb to move about axes which, when
signals derived from the movements of potentiometer
ground ?lter.
Simple self-centering springs may be provided in asso
wipers connected to said thumb housing are transmitted
25
ciation with the thumb housing, in order to provide feel
to the missile, will impart to the missile guidance control
movements with reference to the horizontal and vertical
simulation in operating the controls.
planes.
FIGS. 2 and 3 show a (missile A mounted on a launch
'
ing standB and connected by the cable 21 to the stock 10
of the control/unit held in the hands of a prone infantry
man C represented as sighting the control unit upon a
target D. The guided course of the missile A after ?ring
is indicated by the dotted line (FIG. 2). FIG. 4 shows
the missile A, after discharge, connected by a trailing
cable E to the launching stand, said cable E enclosing
the guidance control circuit connections from the control
unit.
The control unit is also preferably provided with a
monocular prismatic or other visual aid by which the
operator may be assisted when attacking distant targets.
An embodiment of the invention is hereinafter de
scribed with reference to the accompanying drawings, in
which
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of the control unit;
’ FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 are diagrams illustrating the manner
in which the missile is controlled, FIG. 2 being a plan
and FIGS. 3 and 4 side elevations respectively showing
the missile before and after launching; and
FIGS. 5‘ and 5a are fragmentary side and rear eleva
tions, respectively, partially broken away and showing
the potentiometer'wiper connections to the thumb hous
What we claim as our invention and desire to secure
by Letters Patent is:
40
ing and to the horizontal axis lever of the control unit.
-
1. In a manually operated device for controlling the
?ight .path of a missile with the natural movements of
an operator’s thumb, said device comprising a stock mem
ber having a depending handle grip, a horizontal axis
It will :be seen from FIG. 1 that the control unit com
prises a stock 10 upon the underside of which are pro
vided two downwardly depending handle grips 11'and 12,
respectively spaced fore-and-aft, so that the stock 10 may
be'aligned in a given direction by grasping the handle
control lever disposed rearwardly of said grip, pivot means
mounting said horizontal axis control lever on the device
for pivotal movement from side to side of said stock
member, a cup-shaped housing disposed adjacent the free
end of said horizontal axis control lever and formed for
receiving the thumb of an operator of the device, second
50 pivot means mounting said housing at its rearward end to
the free end of said horizontal ‘axis control lever for
Conveniently adjacent to the handle grip 11 is a spring
grips 11, 12 in the two hands held one in front of the
other.
'
'
loaded trigger switch 13, protected by a ‘guard 14, and
7 connected as hereinafter described to the launching ap
pivotal movement upwardly and downwardly, potenti
ometer means for connection to said missile for varying
electric impulses transmitted thereto for controlling hori
paratus of the missile, so that the depression of the switch
or button will actuate the'?ring arrangements to launch 55 zontal and vertical movements thereof, said potentiom
?rst potentiometer mounted
the missile.
.
~eter means including a
Mounted upon the top of the stock 10 is a prismatic
‘monocular sighting instrument 15, adjacent to which may
be provided a cheek rest (not shown‘), so that the control
unit may be sighted steadily upon a distant target con 60
adjacent said horizontal axis control lever and being con
nected thereto for movement thereby and a second poten
veniently to the operator.
cup-shaped housing.
‘ Adjacent the handle grip 12 is a cup-shaped housing 16
into which the operator’s thumb is placed. Said housing
16 is mounted on the stock upon a lever 17 with capa
tiometer mounted adjacent said cup-shaped housing and
being connected thereto for movement thereby, said po
tentiometers registering movements of said lever and said
2. In a device of claim 1, wherein said potentiometers
each provide a wiper member and said wiper members
are connected to said ?rst and second pivot means mount
bility of pivotal motion thereon about a horizontal axis 65 ing said horizontal axis control lever and said housing.
at 171, said lever being mounted at 172 end the stock
3. In the device of claim 1, wherein said potentiometer
with'capability of pivotal motion about an axis in the
means includes a cable connected to said potentiometers
longitudinal vertical plane. The axis 172 coincides sub
stantially with the axis of the carpal joint of the thumb,
and said cable extends outwardly from said handle grip
the terminal ‘joint thereof; thus, when the stock is held
with the handle grips 11, 12 in an upright position, the
(References 7 on following page)
for connection to said missile control means.
whilst the axis 171 coincides substantially with the axis of 70
9
3,043,197
References Cited in ‘5'16 ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,249,274
1,313,100
chandler _____________ __ Dec, 4, 1917
Longoria _____________ __ Aug. 12, 1919 5
2,149,666
4
ChIiStiansen ___________ __ Mar. 7, 1939
2,435,217
Howell _______________ _- Feb. 3, 1948
2,558,109
2,725,669
Stanzel -------------- __ June 26, 1951
Vincent _______________ __ Dec, 6, 195,5
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