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Патент USA US3043498

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July 10, 1962
J. N. WARWICK
3,043,488
CONTAINER AND PACKING FOR FRAGILE ARTICLES
Filed March 17, 1961
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR:
JOHN N. WARWICK
BY
' W11/.
AGENT
July 10, 1962
.1. N. WARWICK
3,043,438
CONTAINER AND PACKING FOR FRAGILE ARTICLES
Filed March 17, 1961
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
/A/V£/V7‘OR=
JOHN N. WARWICK
’ "
WW,
AGENT
July 10, 1962
J. N. WARWICK
3,043,488
CONTAINER AND PACKING FOR FRAGILE ARTICLES
Filed March 17, 1961
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JOHN N. WAR W/CK
FIG.
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AGENT
July 10, 1962
J. N. WARWICK
3,043,488
CONTAINER AND PACKING FOR FRAGILE ARTICLES
Filed March 17, 1961
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
ml VENI'OR =
JOHN M WARW/é’K
BY
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1.
3,043,488
Patented July 10, Iss2
that critical spacing is maintained during shipment to in
sure continued ?rm engagement of the article in the con
~
tainer.
‘
coNrArNER AND rAcKmG Fon
An additional object is to provide interior packing ele
FRAGILE ARTICLES
John N. Warwick, Caseyville, ilk, assignor to Crown 5 ments in a container for auto Windshields and the like, the
Zellerbach Corporation, San Francisco, Calif., a cor
packing having openings therein adapted to receive and
poration of Nevadav
engage container portions and other openings adapted to
Filed Mar. 17, 1961, Ser. No. 96,492
receive edge portions of the ‘article packaged to retain
9 Claims. (Cl. 229-14)
said container portions and article edge portions in ?xed
The invention relates to a container and interior pro
tective immobilizing pads constructed of corrugated ?bre
board or other suitable ?exible material for packaging
fragile articles for storage and shipment.
.
More particularly the container and interior packing is
spaced relation.
Still another object is to provide in a container for
fragile articles interior members having transverse article
receiving openings or channels and integral liners infolded
in said channels and in ?atwise surface relation to the
adapted to the packaging of one or more articles of the 15 article.
nature of automobile Windshields having compound curved
surfaces and being of such a large size that ordinary
These and other objects and advantages of the invention
cushioning materials may not be used effectively or eco
in its various embodiments will be obvious upon a full
understanding of the invention as described and set forth
the outer walls of the container to avoid direct shock
and that the means for positioning the article in spaced,
?xed relation within the container must necessarily be of
an auto windshield engaged and restrained by top and
bottom paired logs in spaced ?xed relationship within an
outer shipping container.
sults has been of a complexity that could not afford an
blank form in FIG. 3.
economy of packaging materials or labor in the packaging
operation; or, in the alternative, the arrangement of spac
lower edge of a single windshield within the container.
in the following description.
nomically. It has been the experience in packaging arti
FIG. 1 is an exploded view showing a container with
cles of this type that they must be spaced inwardly from 20
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a single unit container
a nature that will transmit the shock to the article in a
planar relation to the article. This characteristic of the 25 partially assembled and cut away to show the top and
bottom logs in determined position in the container with
packaging means is essential to avoid damage resulting
the windshield restrained in slots provided therein.
I
from a whip-‘lash type of movement to which articles of
FIG. 3 is a plan view of a pad adapted to engage the
this nature are so prone because of their weight and pro
upper edge of a single windshield within the container.
portions.
.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the top log shown in
Heretofore, packaging that would accomplish these re 30
.
FIG. 5 is a plan view of a pad adapted to‘ engage the
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the ‘bottom log formed
elements were subject to distortion whereby the critical 35 from the blank in FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a container cut away
spacing was adversely affected and the windshield thus
to show interior packing adapted to accommodate multi
allowed to shift within the container.
ple window units.
.
In order to avoid the previous di?iculties the present
FIG. 8 is a plan view of a multiple unit top pad.
invention provides a conventional slotted carton type of
FIG. 9 is a plan view of a multiple unit bottom pad.
container which utilizes available container portions to
FIG. 10 is an exploded View of a top log with spacer
determine and maintain the position of the interior pack
pads folded in various manners to accommodate glass of
ing materials in position in the container. In addition,
different dimensions.
there is provided interior packaging comprising paired
FIG. 11 is a plan view of a spacer pad adapted to
logs having article receiving openings therein adapted to
ing elements were such that the container and spacing
?rmly engage marginal portions of the article and retain
the same against sliding movement or excess vibration.
The logs are of a basically one piece construction and
include therein openings adapted to receive the container
portions ‘for securing or maintaining the logs in position
45 be positioned in the article receiving openings in the
top logs to adjust the effective depth to accommodate
individual various sized Windshields.
FIG. 12 is a perspective view of a bottom log during
a stage of assembly prior to the insertion of the article
and further having integral ?ap portions disposed in planar
receiving opening liner and a separate supplementary
relation to the packaged article and retained within article
receiving openings in the logs to e?ectively eliminate
liner insert.
FIG. 13 is a plan view of a supplementary insert with
movement thereof in response to shocks normally en
adhesive means attached.
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of a bottom log com
countered in shipment and handling of such containers.
pletely assembled and ready to receive a windshield‘
It is additionally provided that the article restraining
within a container.
logs extend the full- width of the container and thereby
In FIG. 1 is illustrated an exploded view of a single
positively eliminating lateral movement thereof within the
unit container 20 illustrating the arrangement and dis
container. This affords the additional advantage that the
logs due to their length and inherent structural rigidity 60 position of the parts in a slotted carton type of outer
shipping container. It will be noted that the paired top
reinforce the top and bottom closures of the container to
21 and bottom logs 22 are arranged to effectively engage
effectively minimize bulging or sagging thereof and there
opposing marginal edge portions of the windshield 23
by maintain a ?xed spaced relation between the pairs of
and thus maintain the glass in vertical relation spaced
top and bottom logs to effectively restrain the packaged
articles under all reasonable stresses incident to shipment 65 from the top, bottom and side walls of the container. The
glass is also restricted from longitudinal sliding motion
and handling.
within the article receiving openings 24 and 25 of the logs
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a
by means which will be hereinafter described in greater
container and packing for fragile articles of the nature
detail. It is to be noted that the container end ?aps 26
of auto Windshields whereby the article is retained in
have an inner end portion folded in normal relation and
spaced relation to the container outer walls.
thus providing a securing ?ap 27 to position the logs in
A further object is to provide a container with paired
longitudinal spaced relation in the shipping container.
interior article retaining members ?xedly positioned so
dosages
3
A
panels in parallel relation to the fold connection 64. By
so forming the integral liner 6%} the facing panels 65-66
will fall into aligned relation with the article receiving
In FIG.‘ 2 is shown a container in a stage of assembly
just prior to ?nal closure of the outer side ?aps 28. The
container is partially cut away to show that the end
?aps 26 are interiorly disposed of the outer side ?aps
28 and that the securing ?aps 27 are inserted within the
respective logs- 21 and 22 to afford positive positioning
and restraining means against movement thereof.
opening 58, as‘ shown in FIG. 6, with the locking ex
tensions extending outwardly and the locking edges in
abutment to the side panels 54 as shown in FIG. 6.
The
The bottom log shown in FIG. 6 is formed from the
pad St) in the same manner as before described in conjunc
extremely curved end portions of the Windshield 29 are
suspended completely free within the container so that
no shocks may be transmitted directly thereto.
tion with the top log 21 of FIG. 4. The method of in—
10 sertion of the liner 60 in the article receiving opening 53
Dealing with the container paits more particularly,
and the means for securing the liner to the Windshield will
We see in FIG. 3 the pad for forming the top log 21 for
a single unit package adapted to pack a single windshield.
The pad is rectangular in form and of a width to extend
between the opposed side walls of the container. t is
provided with a central panel 31 and transversely scored
be described hereinafter in conjunction With the multi pack
bottom log.
end portions adapted to form progressively outwardly
from the central panel 31, side panels 32, top panels '33,
interior panels 34, reinforcing panels 35 and bracing
panels 36. An article receiving opening 24 is positioned
in the central panel and adjacent side panel portions.
Further cooperating openings 37 are provided in the
reinforcing panels 35 and adjacent portions of the interior
panels 34- and diagonal bracing panels 36. The central
A container adapted to package one or more Windshields
is illustrated in FIG. 7. Here the container is cut away
to show the cooperative disposition of the pairs of top and
bottom positioning logs 71-72. Article receiving open
ings '73 in the top log and 74» in the bottom log are provided
to engage and retain opposed marginal edges of the wind
shield to retain the windshield in spaced relation Within
the container as before described in relation to the single
pack container of FIGS. 1 and 2. It is apparent that the
article receiving openings must be disposed at the proper
angular relation to the side panels of the logs to conform
to the lateral and vertical contours of the windshield and
panel 31 is provided with an integral liner 38 for the
further that the spaced relation between each pair of coarticle receiving opening. The liner is separated from
operating openings in the top and bottom logs are critical
the central panel and the side panels by slit edges 46
in that the windshield must be ?rmly engaged in said open
shown by solid line in the drawing. The liner comprises
ings to prevent longitudinal or sliding movement of the
an extension panel éltl and, foldably connected thereto
along a score line 411, paired facing panels 42—43 sep 30 windshield. The means for critically adjusting the spacial
relation between the termini of cooperating top and bot
arated by a terminal fold line 44. The facing panels
tom slots are essential to the proper functioning of the
are provided with locking extensions 45 disposed ,out
wardly of the central panel, each having a locking edge
47 de?ned by a slit.
The top log 21 is shown in assembled condition in to (it
FIG. 4 whereby it may be noted that the connected to
gether panels 32-456 extending outwardly from the cen
tral panel are folded successively to form counterpart
tubular portions having an opening 48 therebetween
opposite to the central panel. This opening 48 is de 40
termined by the interior panels 34 and is adapted to
receive the securing flap 27 of the outer shipping con
tainer. The article receiving opening 24 and cooperative
openings 37' are in aligned relation providing a channel
extending transversely of the log adapted to receive a
marginal edge portion of the windshield. The liner 3%
for the article receiving opening is folded about the score
line 39‘ with the extension panel 4%‘ in ?atwise relation
to adjacent central panel portion and the facing panels
42-43 inserted in the article receiving openings with
the locking extensions 45 disposed outwardly of the side
panels 32, effectively ‘locking the face panels 42—43
against lateral movement Within the article receiving
container and packing elements therein.
The pad 75 for forming the top log 71 of the multi
pack container is shown in FIG. 8.
This is similar to
the single unit top pads having a central panel 76, side
panels 77, top panels 78, interior panels 79, reinforcing
panels 80 and bracing panels 81 in foldably connected
relation. A multiplicity of article receiving openings 73
are provided in the central panel and adjacent portions
of the side panels. It is to be noted that the end portions
82 of these openings, located in the side panels 77, are
restricted in width providing a tapered effect towards the
ends. The cooperating openings 83 in the reinforcing
panels 80 are formed to correspond to the contours of the
article receiving openings 73 to provide a clear channel
in the erected log to accommodate the curved Windshield.
The width of the cooperating openings is the same as that
of the central .panel portion of the article receiving open
ings to permit insertion of a spacer pad, hereinafter de
scribed, which will then be restrained by the margins of
the tapered end portions 82 of the article receiving open- '
ing 73.
,
The pad 85 for forming the multi pack bottom log 72
The pad 50' for forming the bottom log 22 is illus 55 shown in FIG. 9 corresponds to the top pad log in that
it also is comprised of a central panel 86, side panelsd'i,
trated in FIG. 5 and is basically similar to the top log
top panels 88, interior panels 89, reinforcing panels %
pad being transversely scored to de?ne a central panel
and bracing panels 91. However, it may be of a lesser
52, ?anked by side panels .53, bottom panels 54, interior
vertical height, as determined by the side panels 87 and
panels 55, reinforcing panels 56, and diagonal bracing
interior panels 89 than the top log as indicated generallyv
panels 57 in succession. It is further provided with an 60 by the scale of the pads in FiGS. 8 and 9 and in perspec
article receiving opening 58 and cooperating openings 59
tive view in FIG. 7. The increased height of the top log is.
and an integral liner 60 for the article receiving opening.
often desirable to allow for differences in heights of var
To accommodate the curvature of the Windshields,
ious Windshields that may be packed in the container.
the article receiving opening 50- may in many instances
The vertical spaced relation between paired openings 73
be disposed in angular relation to the side margins of
and 74. in top and bottom logs 71 and 72 must be sui?cient
the central panel 52 to approximate the contour of the
to accommodate the maximum vertical height of any wind
windshield margin. Thus it may be provided that the
shield that may be desired to be packaged.
line of fold 61 of the integral liner 60 will be in normal
The bottom pad is provided with article receiving open
relation to the sides of the central panel 52 and spaced
ings 74 and cooperative openings 92 in the before de
from the opening 58 by a central panel portion 62. An
scribed manner. The end portions 93 of the article receiv
extension panel 63 of the liner 60‘ is so ‘formed that it
ing openings located in the side panels 87 are restricted
will be coextensive to the before-mentioned central panel
in comparison to the central portion thereof and have
portion 62 with the fold connection 64 to the facing
substantially parallel side margins 24 so that these portions
panels 65-66 angularly disposed to the central panel
93 will conform closelyrto the thickness of the Windshield
sides and the terminal fold '67 seaparating the facing
The bottom pad integral liner 105 is foldably con
opening.
3,043,488
5
nected to the central panel 86 at score line 106.
This
score line, or fold connection 106 is in spaced parallel
relation with the article receiving opening 74. The in
tegral liner 105 is otherwise severed from the central panel
86 and a side panel 87. It will be noted that due to the
angular disposition of the article receiving opening 74,
the integral liner 195 must. be precisely determined so
6
su?icient ?breboard material is not available in the inte
gral liner to provide lining for all of 'the openings. A
plan view of a separate liner 130 is shown in FIG. 13
wherein score lines 131, represented as dotted lines, cor
respond to the terminal folds ‘109 of the integral liner
and divide the separate liner 130 into counterpart facing
panels 132. At least one of said facing panels 132 is
provided with a pressure sensitive adhesive surface 133
on its inner facing which will be in ?atwise contacting
spective article receiving openings '74 as best shown in
FIG. 12. Thus it is provided with pairs of facing panels 10 relation with the windshield. A convenient method of
applying the pressure sensitive adhesive surface 133 is
108, each pair being connected respectively by a terminal
by
the use of a ?exible tape adhesively secured to the
fold 109. The facing panels have free end edges 110 in
facing panel 132 and having an exposed pressure sensi~
normal relation to the terminal folds 1119, the latter being
tive adhesive coated backing. A like adhesive surface
in parallel relation with each other. The respective pairs “
is supplied to at least one facing panel 108 of the integral
of facing panels 168 are separated by spacer panels 111
liner
disposed in each article receiving opening 74 as in
with end edges 112 angularly disposed in respect to the
dicated by the dotted lines in FIG. 12.
terminal folds in a manner to bring the ‘pairs of facing
An assembled bottom log 72 is shown in FIG. 14.
panels 108 into proper alignment with the respective ar
Here the integral liner 105 and separate liner 122 are
that it may be successively folded and inserted in the re
ticle receiving openings 74 in the erected condition, where
initially positioned in the article receiving opening 74
by the facing panel free end edges 110 are in abutting 20 in a manner so that the windshield may be inserted past
relation with the restricted margins of the end portions
the pressure sensitive adhesive surface 125 to a position
93 of the article receiving openings. By this means the
in edgewise abutment with the terminal ‘folds 109 pre
integral liner is secure against longitudinal shifting in the
paratory to ?nal complete insertion in the article receiv
container when subjected to the shocks incident to trans
ing openings 74. Upon the complete insertion of the
portation and handling of the container with Windshields
glass, the facing panels of the liner are wedged in fric
therein.
tional and adhesive engagement with the boundaries of
Locking means for securing the logs in erected condi
the windshield to prevent longitudinal movement of the
tion prior to insertion in the container are provided in
windshield in the container. Thus, in cooperation with
the interior panels '79 of the top pad and 89 of the bottom
the top log 71 which prevents lateral movement from the
pad, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 respectively. The lock
ing means is comprised of paired protruding members 115
and receiving members 116. The protruding member 115
is suitably aligned with its cooperating receiving mem
bers 116 to permit locking, engagement in the erected
condition of the log. The locking members are offset
from the center liner of the interior panels in the direc
tion of the reinforcing panels 80‘ in the top pad and 90; in
the bottom pad respectively to permit entry of the secur
ing ?aps 27 into the erected logs between the interior
panels. The protruding member is folded about score
117 and inserted in the receiving member 116 by the
temporary displacement thereof about score lines 118,
bringing the protruding member abutting edge 119 into
engagement with the receiving member offset margin 12%.
The means for adjusting the vertical spaced relation
between the termini of cooperating slots in paired top and
bottom logs is illustrated in FIG. 10 wherein is shown a
top log 71 in perspective view and various assemblies of
spacer pads 122 which are adapted to insertion in the
vertical and further with the use of the spacer pads 122
which provide a desired space or relation between the
cooperating article receiving openings in the top and
bottom logs to further urge the windshield into secure
engagement ‘with the facing panels in the bottom log, the
windshield is ?xedly secured in spaced relation from the
container sides, ends, top and bottom. It is to be fur
ther noted in respect to FIG. 14 that the log may be alter
natively secured in erected condition by the use of staples
134 driven through the central panel and subjacent panel
portions of the reinforcing panels adjacent the end mar
gins of the log.
As heretofore described the top and bottom logs 7‘1
and 72 respectively are positioned in the container by
inserting the securing ?aps 27 of the container end ?aps
26 in the opening provided between the interior panels
of the counterpart tubular sections of the logs. To en
sure permanent engagement of the securing ?ap 27 in
the opening provided in the logs, ‘preformed staples may
be driven through the exposed end marginal portions of
the container end ?aps and adjacent exposed portions of
the logs or they may alternatively be adhesively secured
article receiving openings 73 of the top log and thereby, in
effect, alter the depth of the slots and providing the ad
justment of the before mentioned effective vertical spacing
or by other known means. Since the bottom logs are posi
between paired top and bottom logs.
tioned in part on the container end ?aps 26 and outer
The pad 122 for forming the spacers is shown in FIG.
side ?aps 28, it is desirable that the counterpart tubular
11 having a central abutting panel 123 determined by 55 sections of the log be so proportioned that the log attains
score lines 124 spaced apart to correspond to the breadth
a true level or horizontal position in respect to the con
I of the article receiving openings. The abutting panel 123
tainer. Therefore, the counterpart tubular section over
is ?anked by spacer panels 125 which are in turn di
lying only the container outer side ?aps 28 is of slightly
vided by transverse scores 126—‘127 into vertical por
greater height than the tubular section overlying the con
tions to permit successive folding as illustrated in FIG. 10. 60 tainer end ?aps 26.
_
The spacing panel transverse scores 126-127 are pref
Upon completion of the disposition of the windshield
erably perforated to facilitate variability in folding direc
in the container in ?xed relation to the logs, and the
tion of each score to provide ?exibility of arrangement
logs being in ?xed relation to the container end ?aps,
as shown. In every case the spacer pads are folded to
the ?nal container closure may be obtained by infolding
retain the thickness determined by the abutting panel 123
the outer side ?aps 28 and securing the same to each other
so that they may be readily inserted and frictionally re
in normal relation to the vertical Walls of the container
tained in the article receiving openings 73 of the top
log 71.
A bottom log in a partially assembled condition is
so that at least one windshield is enclosed therein.
It is to be understood that the embodiments herein de
scribed are illustrative and not restrictive, and it is also
I illustrated in FIG. 12. The integral liner 105 has been 70 to be understood that the invention may be susceptible
folded preparatory to insertion in the article receiving
to embodiment in other modi?ed forms, and that all such
opening 74. It is to be noted that’ a separate article re
modi?cations which are similar to or equivalent hereto
ceiving opening liner 122 may be used. The separate
come equally within the scope of the claims next ap
liner may be necessary when multiple article receiving,
pearing.
openings are required and the proportions are such that 75
arisen 82
'5
l-claim:
-
container, e'ach log having atleast one inwardly opening
transverse slot therein, at least the bottom logs having
integral folded flaps disposed within said slots, said in
tegral ?apsenclosing opposed portions of the edge margin
1. IIn-a rectangular slotted ‘carton for fragile articles
of the nature of automobile Windshields, a container hav
ing outer side ?aps forming top and bottom closures and
inner end ?aps; means carried by the end ?aps for ?xedly
positioning interior article retaining members in the con
of the article in the slot in each of said logs.
6. In a rectangular paperboard container for shipping
tainer, the article retaining-members comprised of paired
automobile Windshields, interior packing comprising fold
top and bottom logs having cooperating slots opening
ed ?breboard logs, rectangular in cross section and co
towards the interior of the container ‘and disposed sub
stantiallylongitudinally in the container, said logs dis
posed transversely of the container and having an open
ing therein opposite said slots and adapted to receive the
positioning means carried by the end ?aps.
2. In a rectangular slotted'carton ‘for fragile articles
of the nature of automobile ‘Windshields, the container
having outer side flaps ‘forming top and bottom closures
and inner end flaps; means carried by the end ?aps for
extensive in length with the width of the container, the
10 logs being secured in transverse position at the top and
bottom thereof adjacent each end, each log having at
least one relatively broad transverse slot therein opening
inwardly, at least the bottom logs having integral ?aps
forming paired facing panels disposed within the slots for
?rmly engaging a portion of the margin of a windshield
therein free from contact With any other part of the con
tainer.
7. A rectangular paperboard container for automobile
Windshields and the like, the container with opposed
?xedly positioning interior article retaining members in
the container, the article retaining members comprised
of paired top and bottom logs, the logs being of a folded
?breboard construction comprising two similar tubular
side and end walls, integral top and bottom closure panels
on the side Walls and integral top and bottom locking
panels with end ?anges on the end Walls, interior pack
portions integrally connected on one side thereof by a
central panel, the central panel and adjacent tubular por
tions having cooperating slots opening towards the in
terior of the container and engaging opposed marginal
edges of the article, said logs disposed transversely of the
container and each having an opening therein opposite
the central panel and adapted to receive the positioning
means carried by the end ?aps.
ing comprising folded ?breboard logs rectangular in cross
section and coextensive in length with the width of the
container, the logs being positioned transversely at the
top and bottom thereof adjacent each end, the logs being
partially overlapped by said end wall locking flaps and
permanently secured thereto, each log having at least
one relatively Wide slot therein adapted to receive a wind
3. In a rectangular slotted carton for fragile articles
of the nature of automobile Windshields, the container
shield rnargin, opening inwardly and enclosing a liner
insert integral with the log, whereby the windshield is
having outer side ?aps forming top and bottom closures
immobilized free from contact with any other part of
the container.
8. The container set forth and claimed in claim 7
wherein said logs are formed from a one piece rectangular
and inner end ?aps; means carried by the end ?aps for
?xedly positioning interior article retaining members in
the container, the article retaining members comprised
of paired top and bottom logs, the logs being of a folded
?breboard construction comprising twosirnilar tubular
blank, progressively scored transversely from each end
inwardly to a central relatively wide panel to de?ne a
‘positions integrally connected on one side thereof by a
brace panel and four panels folded into counterpart tubes,
central panel, the central panel and adjacent tubular por
rectangular in cross section with the brace panels ex
tions having cooperating slots opening towards the interior 40 tending diagonally between opposite‘ vertices, the tubes
of the container and engaging opposed marginal edges of
being automatically positioned in side by side relation
the article, said logs disposed transversely from side to
to a face of the central panel, in the assembled container,
side of the container and with the tubular portions there
the end wall locking ?aps extend over adjacent tubes
of determining therebetween an opening opposite the cen
with the ?ange on its outer end folded inwardly between
tral panel and adapted to receive the positioning means 45 the juxtaposed walls of the tubes, the assembly being
carried by the end flaps, said means comprising folded
permanently secured together by Wide staples.
end portions directed interiorly of the container in sub
9. The container set forth and claimsed in claim 8
stantially normal relation to the respective ?aps.
wherein the integral liner insert enclosed in the article
'4. A rectangular slotted carton of ?exible material hav
receiving slot is formed from a partially severed por
ing outer side flaps forming top and bottom closures and 50 tion of said central panel and adjacent portions of the
inner end ?aps, the carton being provided with interior
side panels of the logs, the integral liner being scored
packing for protecting and suspending at least one fragile
transversely parallel to the boundaries of the slot in
article free from contact with any other part of said con
the log to de?ne a relatively narrow terminal fold and
tainer, said packing comprising logs of folded ?breboard
relatively Wide facing panels vfolded into parallel rela
tion, forming the insert, the integral liner being foldably
construction rectangular in cross section and secured
transversely to the inner end ?aps at the top and bottom
connected to the log central panel, the fold connection
spaced from the slot a distance which permits insertion
of the liner insert therein.
of said container, each log having inwardly opening trans
verse slots therein, at least the bottom logs having integral
folded flaps disposed within said slots, said integral ?aps
enclosing portions of the edge margin of the article.
60
References Qited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
5. A rectangular slotted carton of ?exible material hav
ing outer side ?aps forming top and bottom closures and
inner end ?aps, the carton provided with interior packing
for protecting and suspending at least one fragile article
free from contact with any other part of said container,
said packing comprising logs of folded ?breboard con
struction, rectangular in cross section, secured transverse
13/ to the inner end ?aps at the top and bottom of said
2,444,183
2,487,528
2,873,024
2,877,942
2,957,575
2,967,009
Cahners ______________ __ June 29,
Dawson ______________ __ Nov, 8,
Koester ______________ __ Feb. 10,
Van Antwerpen _______ __ Mar. 17,
Grim ________________ __ Oct. 25,
Lidgard T ______________ __ Jan. 3,
1948
1949
1959
1959
1960
1961
2,968,395
Giebel _______________ __ Jan. 17, 1961
‘rus”.va
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
Patent No. 3,043,480
Jul_\,- 10, 1962
John N. Warwick
It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered pat
ent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as
corrected below.
Column 'k r
line 38,
for "positions" r-csd —-— portions ——.
Signed and sealed this 6th day of November 1962.
ERNEST w. SWIDER
DAVID L- LADD
Attesting Officer
Commissioner of Patents
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