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Патент USA US3044059

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July 10, 1962
3,044,048
J. G. LORD
INFORMATION STORING AND RELEASING MECHANISM
Filed Feb. 19, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
JOHN G. LORD
BY
%
>
July 10, 1962
J. G. LORD
3,044,048
INFORMATION STORING AND RELEASING MECHANISM
Filed Feb. 19, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
JOHN G. LORD
July 10, 1962
3,044,048
J. G. LORD
INFORMATION STORING AND RELEASING MECHANISM
Filed Feb. 19, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
INVENTOR.
JOHN G. LORD
United States Patent O?ice
3,044,048
Patented July 10, 1962
2
1
correct toll gets the green light and can proceed and so
3,044,043
that a car which did not pay the correct toll gets a red
MECHANISM
John G. Lord, Swarthmore, Pa., assignor to Shonp Toll
Collecting Devices, Inc.-, Chester Pike, Pa., a corpora
both, may have paid the correct toll.
More speci?cally, a machine embodying my invention
Filed Feb. 19, 1969, Ser. No. 9,772
14 Claims. (Cl. 340-413)
correct toll, or that one car, or another, did not pay the
INFORMATION STORING AND RELEASING
~
tion of Pennsylvania
light even though a preceding or a succeeding car, or
includes a mechanism which can receive and store infor
mation indicating that two or more cars have paid the
required toll, and which can release this information
The recent increase in toll bridges and highways and 10 in the order in which it was received so that, as each car
the great increase in the number of vehicles using these
which has paid the correct toll reaches the signal, the
facilities, make manual collection of tolls altogether im
green light will be energized to indicate the payment of
practical.
the correct toll and to permit the car to proceed, and
vice versa, regardless of the position of the car in the line
posed to provide single coin receiving machines, that is,
of ‘cars moving through the toll zone.
machines which can accept a single coin, such as a dime,
A further object of the invention is to produce an elec
a quarter, etc. Such machines are placed in lanes re
tro-mechanical, as distinguished from an electronic, mech
served for automatic collection and, when tra?ic is mod
anism whereby the cost of manufacture, installation and
erately heavy, this arrangement is satisfactory. But,
maintenance are greatly reduced and whereby the opera
where‘tra?‘ic is very heavy, the number of motorists who 20 tion of the mechanism will not be affected by radiant
will not have the required coin, will be too large to make
energy which can interfere with any but the most elab
the use of the machines referred to practical.
orate electronic systems.
To overcome this difficulty, it has been proposed to
The full nature of the invention will be understood
use multi-coin machines, that is, machines which can ac
from the following speci?cation and the accompanying
cept tolls paid in one, or in a number of different coins. 25 drawings in which:
For example, a 25¢ toll can be paid with ?ve nickels,
'FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a toll collecting in
or with two dimes and a nickel, or with three nickels
stallation employing a mu-lti-coin toll collecting machine
and a dime, and so on. Such machines are more prac
and providing for continuous, as distinguished from in
tical in that they can take care of all motorists except
termittent, movement of vehicles therethrough.
such as do not happen to» have an. assortment of coins 30
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of ‘a memory unit, or
which will add up to the required amount and such mo
information storage mechanism, embodying my invention.
torists will be diverted into manual collection lanes.
FIG. 3 is a sectional View looking in the direction of
In an attempt to solve this problem, it has been pro
- Multi-coin machines must sort out, must add the coins
line 3—3 on FIG. 2.
deposited and must indicate, as by energizing a green
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view of the mechanism
or red'light, whether or not, the coins received add up 35 shown in FIG. 2.
‘ to the amount of toll required, and, while such machines
FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view looking in the
operate very rapidly, the overall operation, or cycle, takes
direction of line 5--5 on FIG. 4.
about one and one-half seconds.
’
In the interest of speed, it is preferable that the mo
torists need only slow down enough to enable them to
throw the money. into the coin receiving trough or hop
per of the machine without coming to a full stop. But,
since the machine takes about a second and a half to
process the coins received, and to energize the corre
sponding signal, it is necessary to so space the signal from
the coin receiving machine that a car moving at a mod
erate speed, will need about a second and a half to reach
FIG. ‘6 is a perspective view showing details of con-'
struction.
FIG. 7 is a diagrammatic representation of the opera
tion of the machine.
FIG. '8 is similar to FIG. 5 but shows a slightly modi
lied construction.
‘
The installation illustrated includes a multi-coin, re
ceiving, sorting and evaluating mechanism 10‘ which may
be of the type shown in my co-pending application Serial
No. 827,468 ?led July 16, 1959, entitled Toll Collecting
Machine, or my application Serial No. 840,036, ?led
found to be about equal to three car lengths which means 50 September 15, 1959, entitled Toll Collecting Machine, or
it may be the type disclosed in Patent No. 2,594,422 issued
that, by the time a car reaches the signal, two succeed
on April 29, 1952, to A. M. Gordon. Since the multi
ing cars will have passed the toll collecting machine.
the signal. In practice, the required distance has been
This provides an opportunity for cheating because, if the
coin receiving machine forms no part of this invention, it
?rst and third cars in line pay the correct toll, the sec
is not shown, nor described.
It is suf?cient to say that
it is connected to solenoid 8-3 by wires W-l and W-Z
ond, or middle, car can pass the signal without having
and that, if the correct toll is paid, solenoid S—3 is ener
paid the correct toll, and the third car which paid the
gized, and vice versa. The toll collecting installation also
correct toll cannot pass because the payment of the cor
includes treadles T~1 and T-2 which are actuated by the
rect toll by the ?rst car energizes the green ‘light to per~
passage of the front and rear wheels thereover, to close
mit thep?rst car to proceed, and the payment of the cor
rect toll by the third car will re-energize the green light 60 spring loaded, normally open switches 12 and 14, respec
tively, and a dual semaphore which includes a red light
which permits the second car, which did not pay the cor
R and a green light G and which is spaced about three car
rect toll, to proceed. When the third car arrives at the
lengths away from the coin receiving machine 10.
signal, the red light will be re-energized, and the third
Switch 12 is connected by wires W-3 and W-4 to sole-'
car, which did pay the correct toll, cannot proceed. Be
cause the collecting machine makes no record, it is not 65 noid S-1 and to a source of electric energy so that solenoid
8-1 is momentarily energized every time switch 12 is closed
possible to prove whether vthe second, or the third car
by the passage of the front, or of the rear, wheels of a
did, or did not, pay the correct toll.
car over treadle T—1. Switch 14 is connected'by wires
It is, therefore, one object ‘of the invention to provide
W-S and W-6 to solenoid S-2 and to a source of electric
a multi-coin toll collecting machine with a “memory
unit,” or information storing machanism, which correlates 70 energy so that solenoid S—2 is momentarily energized
everytime switch 14 is closed by the passage of the front,
the payment of the correct toll by a car with the arrival
of said car at the signal, so that a car which pays the
or of the rear, wheels of a car over treadle T—2. Energiza-_
aces-nae
4
tion of solenoid S—2 causes its armature 18 to move down
wardly or in the direction of arrow 19, to engage and
rotate ratchet 20 in counterclockwise direction, or in the
direction of arrow 21. Ratchet 26 is carried by a sleeve
24 which also carries gears 26 and 28 and which rotates
freely on shaft 30. Shaft 30 is suitably journalled in
bearings 31 carried by the side walls 32 and 33 of the
casing which houses the mechanism. Shaft 30 ?xedly
carries gear 34- and arm 36 which carries pinion 38 which
?nger 64 to the left, as viewed in FIGS. 2 and 4. As
previously pointed out, armature 66 is spring loaded so
that, as soon as solenoid S—3 is de-energized, shaft 58
and ?nger 64 will move to the right or to the solid line
position shown in FIG. 4. Movement of ?nger 64 to the
left will cause it to push the pin which happens to register
with it, such as pin 66 in FIG. 2, to the left relative to
sleeve 56, or to the position exempli?ed by pin 68 in
FIG. 4. It will be noted that, when the pins are in their
meshes with gear 28 on sleeve 24 and with gear 40 which 10 extreme right hand positions such as the position of pins
is carried by sleeve 42 which also carries ratchet 44 and
66, 67 and 68, in FIG. 2, the relatively large portion 70
is freely rotatable on shaft 30. Ratchet 44 is adapted to
be moved in clockwise direction, or in the direction of
arrow 45 by the armature 46 of solenoid S-l whenever
said solenoid is energized by the closing of switch 12.
Ratchet 20 is held against clockwise rotation by ?xed arm
48, the hooked end 49 of which engages the teeth of the
ratchet and ratchet 44 is held against counterclockwise
direction by spring loaded dog 50 which is pivoted to side
wall 33 of the casing. Gear 26 meshes with gear 54 M
thereof, will register with, and will depress, roller 90 of
two-position switch 86. Depression of roller 90 will de
press movable arm 85 of switch 86 to the broken line
position of FIG. 5 to de-energize green light G and to
energize the red light. Conversely, when a pin is pushed
to the left, or to the position of pin 68 in FIG. 4, the re
duced portion 72 of the pin will register with roller 90,
thus permitting movable arm 85 and roller 90 of switch
86 to move upwardly to energize the green light and de
energize the red light. ‘In other words, every time a cor
rect toll is paid, ?nger 64 will move to the left to push
which ?xedly carries cylindrical housing 56 and rotates
freely on shaft 58. Shaft 53 is slidably and rotatably
mounted in bearings 59, only one of which is shown, and
whichever pin 66, 67, 68 or 69 happens to register with it
the arrangement of solenoid S—3 is such that, when it is
to the left, thereby “storing” information to the effect that
energized by the payment of the correct toll into machine 25 the particular car which activated solenoid S—3 did pay the
10, armature 60 of solenoid S—3 moves shaft 58 from the
correct toll. A second activation of solenoid S—3 by the
solid to the broken line position of FIG. 4, it being noted
payment of a second correct toll, causes ?nger 64 to push
that armature 60 is spring loaded so that, upon de-energiza
another pin 66, 67, 68 or 69, to store information that the
tion of solenoid S—3, shaft 58 returns to its solid line posi
second car paid the correct toll and so on. It will be
tion instantly and automatically. Shaft 58 ?xedly carries 30 remembered that shaft 58 is rotated in counterclockwise
gear 62 which meshes with gear 34 and it ?xedly carries
direction by the passage of the front and rear wheels of a
?nger 64 whereby rotation of gear 62 rotates ?nger 64 ac
car over treadle T—1, independently of sleeve 56 and pins
cordingly. Slidably mounted in housing 56 are four elon
66 to 69 so that the passage of each car over treadle T-l
gated members or pins 66, 67, 68 and 69, each of which
moves ?nger 64 into registration with a different pin 66,
is provided with an intermediate ovaloid portion 70‘ and
67, 68 or 69. But, since ?nger 64 is reciprocated laterally
with an end ovaloid portion 72. Bearing 59 adjacent gear
only by the payment of the correct toll, ?nger 64 will not
54 includes a collar 74 which carries a cam 76 on which
be reciprocated and, therefore, it will not push the regis
slidable pins 66 to 69 are adapted to ride with the rotation
tering pin to the left if the corresponding car failed to
of sleeve 56. In order to prevent rotation of pins 66 to
pay the correct toll. As previously pointed out, when a
69 about their longitudinal axes, I provide a collar 78 40 pin which has not been pushed into the position of pin
which is carried by ?xed bracket 80 and which has a
68 in FIG. 4 comes into registration with roller 90 of
circular ‘bore 82 against which the ovaloid surfaces 84
switch 86, the roller will be pushed down by the relatively
of rods 66 to 69 abut. Gear 62 is made wide enough so
large portion 76 of the pin and, therefore, the green light
as to continue to engage gear 34 in both positions of
will not be energized. Instead, movable arm 85 of the
shaft 58.
switch will be in contact with the other pole of the switch
'It is to be noted that gear 34 has a 2 to 1 ratio to gear
62 and that the memory unit also includes a two-position
switch 86 which is connected by wires 87, 88 and 89 to a
source of electrical energy and to green and red lights
and red light R will be energized.
When the front wheels of a car pass over treadle T-2,
with reduced end portions 72 of said pins to permit the
switch 14 is momentarily closed to provide a momentary
impulse in solenoid S—2, armature 18 of which now rotates
ratchet 20 through an angle of 45 ° in the direction of
arrow 21. It will be noted that ratchet 44 and, hence,
gear 40, are held against rotation in the direction of
arrow 21 by dog 50. But, rotation of ratchet 26, in the
direction of arrow 21, rotates gear 26 in the same direc
tion, thus rotating gear 54 and sleeve 56 in the direction
of arrow 55. Successive rotations of sleeve 56 bring pins
movable arm 85 to move upwardly to energize the green
66, 67, 68 and 69 successively into registration with roller
light for the purpose, and in the manner, hereinafter set
forth.
When the front wheels of a car pass over treadle T—1,
switch 12 is momentarily closed to provide a momentary
impulse in solenoid 8-1 to cause armature 46 of said sole
positions, roller 90 will engage the reduced right hand
end portions 72 of the pins and will energize the green
light G and so that, if a pin is in its right hand position,
roller 90 will be pushed down by the large intermediate
G and R in the usual manner. Switch 86 also includes a
spring loaded movable arm 85 which is normally biased
upwardly, as viewed in FIGS. 4 and 5 and which carries,
or is operatively connected to, a roller 90 which is engage
able with intermediate, relatively large portions 70 of pins
66 to 69 to depress arm 85 to energize the red light, or
noid to rotate ratchet 44 through an angle of 45 ° in clock
wise direction, or in the direction of arrow 45 in FIG. 2.
Ratchet 20 and, hence, gears 26 and 28, are held against
90 of switch 86 so that, if the pins are in their left hand
portion 70 of the pin and movable arm 85 of switch 86 will
be pushed down to complete the circuit through red
light R.
Rotation of ratchet 20 in counterclockwise direction will,
rotation by arm 48 so that rotation of ratchet 44 only 65
rotates sleeve 42, gear 40 and pinion 38. Since pinion 38
through gear 28 and pinion 38, rotate shaft 30 and gear
is ?xed to shaft 30, rotation of ratchet 44 will turn shaft
34 in counterclockwise direction, or in the direction of
30 and gear 34 through an angle of 221/2 ° in the direction
of arrow 37. Since gear 34 has a 2 to 1 ratio with
arrow 39.
Rotation of gear 34 in the direction of arrow
39 rotates gear 62, and ?nger 64 in clockwise direction,
gear 62, it follows that gear 62, shaft 58 and ?nger 64 will 70 or in the direction of arrow 3912. In other words, the
be turned through an angle of 45° in the direction of
‘passage of the front wheels of a car over treadle T-l
arrows 63 in FIG. 2. If, in this position, the proper toll
rotates ?nger 64 relative to pins 66 to 69, and the pas~
is paid into coin receiving machine 10, solenoid S—3 will
sage of the front wheels of a car over treadle T~2 rotates
be momentarily energized to cause its armature 66, the
?nger 64 and sleeve 56 and pins 66 to 69 in the opposite
yoke 65 of which engages shaft 58, to move the shaft and 75 direction. As best shown in FIG. 7 and as will be herein
3,044,048
6
after explained, ?nger 64 is so constructed, and pins 66, 67,
68 and 69 are so spaced, that movement of ?nger 68 in
response to the energization of solenoid 8-1 by the passage
of the rear wheels of a car over treadle T-l, and the
movement of ?nger 64 in response to the energization of
64 wide enough, it continues to register with pin 68
while it is rotating through an angle of 90°, or from
position P-1 to position P-3, which could not be done
if ?nger 64 were only as wide as pin 68. In any event,
the payment of the proper tool by a car which has com
solenoid 8-2 by the passage of the rear wheels of a car over
pletely passed over treadle T-l and has reached the posi
treadle T-2, are in the nature of lost motion, in that
?nger 64 will remain in engagement with one of pins
66-69 while it rotates through an angle of 90°.
By this arrangement, if the ?rst car to pass completely
over treadle T-1 has paid the correct toll, ?nger 64 will
push corresponding ?nger 66, 67, 68 or 69 to the left and
tion of car 94 in FIG. 1, causes ?nger 64 to push a pin
such as pin 66 in FIG. 2, to the left or to the position
the car can proceed toward treadle T-Z. When a second
of pin 68 in FIG. 4.
When the front wheels‘ of this
car pass over treadle T-Z, as in the position of car 93 in
FIG. 1, solenoid 8-2 is activated to turn ?nger 64 and
sleeve 56 jointly through an angle of 45° in the reverse
direction, or in the direction of the arrows in position
P4 in FIG. 7, and passage of 'the rear wheels of this
car passes completely over treadle T-—1, ?nger 64 and shaft
30 will have been further rotated through the same angle 15 car over treadle T-2, which means that the car has left
and the payment of the correct toll by the second car will
the toll collecting area, further turns ?nger 64 and sleeve
cause ?nger 64 to push the next pin to the left and so on,
56 jointly in the direction of the arrows in position P—4,
for a third car passing completely over treadle T-t and
or to position P-S in FIG. 7. This completes the cycle
paying the correct toll. Rotation of sleeve 56 by gears
and the machine is now ready to receive the next car
54 and 26, brings ?ngers 66 to 69 successively over roller 20 which, because traf?c is slow, will not have reached
90 of switch 86 successively to energize the green or the
treadle T-l until the previous car has cleared treadle T-Z.
red light, depending on whether or not the corresponding
The next car that completely passes over treadle T-l
pin has been pushed in by payment of the correct toll.
will again move ?nger 64 from position P—1 to position
For example, if a car has paid the proper toll, the cor
P-3 but, this time, ?nger 64 will register with, and, on
responding pin 68 will have been pushed in by ?nger 64 ' payment of the correct toll, will push pin 67 to the left,
and, therefore, when reduced portion 72 of this pin comes
into registration with the switch 86, roller 90 of the switch
can move up and the green light is energized. On the
other hand, if the next car did not pay the correct toll,
and so on, for the toll payment of the third car which
will push pin 66 and the toll payment of the fourth car
which will push pin 69. Passage of the front and rear wheels of the cars over treadle T-Z progressively rotates
the corresponding pin, such as pin 66, will not have been 30 sleeve 56 and ?nger 64 in the reverse direction so that
pushed in by ?nger 64, and, therefore, portion 70 of this
the pins which were pushed by ?nger 64, to the left, as
pin will register with roller 90 of the switch and will push
viewed in FIG. 4, are now “restored” or pushed to the
movable arm 85 down to energize red light R. In other
right by cam 76, to “re-set” the machine preparatory
words, movement of pins 66 to 69 to the left relative to
to the passage of the next car to repeat the cycle.
sleeve 56, serves to store information that the correspond 35 When traffic is heavy and vehicles are moving in close
ing cars paid the proper toll and rotation of sleeve 56
order, the ?rst car completely to clear treadle T-1 will
releases this information by energizing, or by failing to
move ?nger 64 from position P-1 to position P-3 of
energize, the green light in the order in which the informa
FIG. 7; the passage of the front wheels of a second car
tion was received which, in turn, corresponds to the order
over treadle T-1 will move ?nger 64 to positions P-6 and
in which the cars passed over treadle T-1. The informa
tion stored by the passage of the cars over treadle T-l is
“erased” in the same order by the passage of the cars over
, treadle T-2, which rotates sleeve 56 in a direction to cause
P—7; the passage of the front wheels of,a third car over
treadle T-l will move ?nger 64 to position P-S; the
passage of the front wheels of the ?rst car over treadle
T-2 brings the parts to position P-9; the passage of the
the pins, which have been pushed to the left, to ride on
cam 76 which pushes the pins back to their right hand 45 rear wheels of the ?rst car over treadle T-Z moves ?nger
64 and sleeve 56 to position P-10; the passage of the
position, as viewed in FIG. 4.
‘
front and rear wheels of said second car over treadle
The apparatus described operates equally well under
T-Z moves the parts through positions P-11 and P-12;
varying traffic loads. For example, when traf?c is slow,
so that the front and rear wheels of each car will pass
over treadles T-l and T-Z and the car reaches the posi
tion of ‘car 92, before the front wheels of the next car
pass over treadle T—1, ?nger 64 and pins 66 to 69 will
move from position P—1 in FIG. 7 (which is the position
of the parts before the front wheels of any car have
passed over treadle T-l) through positions P-2, P-3 55
and P-4 and to position P—5 which is the same as posi
tion P-—1. More speci?cally, it will be noted that, in
position P-1, ?ngers 64 registers with pin 69‘ and that,
when the front wheels of the car pass over treadle T-l,
as in the position of car 95 in FIG. 1, ?nger 64 will be
moved by ratchet 44, etc., through an angle of 45°, or
to position P-2 in FIG. 7, in which ?nger 64 registers
with pin 68. When the rear wheels of the car pass over
treadle T-l, to bring the car to the position of car 94
the passage of the rear wheels of the third car over
treadle T_—1 moves ?nger 64 to position P-13, and the
passage of the front and rear wheels ofthe third car
over treadle T—2 moves the parts through positions P-14
and P-15. It will be noted that position P—15 is the
same as position P-l in which the toll collecting area is
again clear of cars and the machine is ready to begin a
new cycle.
'
It will thus be seen that, if the proper toll is paid -by a
succession of cars, the green light will be energized as
each car approaches the semaphore and the red light will
be energized after each car has passed over treadle T-Z.
If any car did not pay the toll, the green light will not be
energized and the red light will remain energized.
If it is desired to eliminate the intermittent energiza
tion of the green light in response to the payment of
in FIG. 1, ?nger 64 will be moved through a further 65 successive correct tolls, reduced portions 72’ of the pins
can be made in quadrants, or in segments of 90°, as
angle of 45°, or to position P-S in FIG. 7. It will be
shown in FIG. 8. By this arrangement, the surfaces of
noted that the width of ?nger ‘64 is such that in positions
said reduced portions will constitute a complete circle
P-2 and P-3 of FIG. 7, ?nger 64 continues to cover, or
on which roller 90‘ of switch 86 will ride as long as all
to register with, pin 68 so as to be ready to push this
the cars pay the correct toll and the green light will be‘
pin to the left in response to the energization of solenoid
continuously energized.
S-3r by payment of the correct toll. This gives coin col
From the foregoing it will be seen that the movement
lecting machine 10 enough time to count and add up coins
of a car over treadle T—1 into the toll collecting zone,
received, even though the motorist may have been slow
in depositing the coin relative to the movement of the
moves ?nger 64 into registration with a pin; that the
car over treadle T-l. In other words, by making ?nger 75 payment of the proper toll causes ?nger 64 to push saidv
ascend-ls
"
r“
:1
pin to the left, as viewed in FIG. 4, to bring its reduced
portion 72 into registration with roller 90 of the switch
to permit energization of the green light; that the informa
tion that a car did, or did not, pay the proper toll is
thus “stored” until the pin affected comes into registra
tion with roller 90 of the switch, and that complete pas
sage of a car over treadle T-2 causes the pin to ride on
cam 76 which moves it back. to its right hand position to
complete the cycle.
activate said signaling device to indicate the occurrence
of said ?rst event, and means operable upon movement
of said member beyond said third postion to move said
member back to its ?rst position.
8. A device for storing information relative to the
occurrence of a ?rst event and for releasing said infor
mation upon the occurrence of a second event, said device
including a rotary body, an elongated member carried
by said body and movable, longitudinally thereof, to a
I claim:
10 ?rst and to a second position, actuating means operative
1. A mechanism for storing information relative to
upon the occurrence of said ?rst event to move said
the occurrence of a ?rst event, and for releasing said
information upon the occurrence of a second event, said
member to said second position, actuating means for
rotating said body to move said member, while it is still
in said second position, to a third position, a signaling
device, and means operable by movement of said mem
ber to said third position to activate said signaling device
to indicate the occurrence of said ?rst event.
9. The structure recited in claim 8 and means for
position, a signal, and means operable upon movement
rotating said rotary body in the reverse direction, and
of said member to said second position for energizing 20 means movable with said rotary body and engageable
said signal.
with said member to return said member ‘to its ?rst
position.
2. The structure recited in claim 1 and means operable
mechanism including a movable member, means acti
vated by the occurrence of said ?rst event for moving
said member, in ‘a ?rst direction, to a ?rst position, means
activated by the occurrence of said second event for
moving said member, in a second ‘direction, to a second
by movement of said member, in said second direction,
beyond said second position for moving said member
back to its ?rst position.
3. For use in a toll collecting installation which in
cludes a coin-receiving machine, a member movable to
a ?rst position and to a second position, a pusher oper
10. A device ‘for successively storing information rela
tive to the occurrence of a series of ?rst events and for
successively releasing said information, upon the occur
rence of a series of second events, said device including
a rotary body, a plurality of elongated members carried
thereby, each of said members being movable to a ?rst
able by the deposit of the correct toll in said machine
for ‘moving said member to said second position, a signal
ing device, -a switch for energizing said device located
adjacent the path of movement of said member, and
sively move corresponding members to their second posi
means movable with said member and operable when
said member is in its said second position to activate said
tions relative to said rotary body, actuating means sucp
cessively operable upon the occurrence of 1a series of
switch and energize said signaling device.
4. The structure recited in claim 3 and a treadle near
and second position relative to the axis of said rotary
body, actuating means successively operable upon the
occurrence of a succession of said ?rst events to succes
" said second events corresponding to said ?rst events, for
successively rotating said body successively to move each
said signaling device, and means openable by the passage
of said members to a third position outside the axis of
of a vehicle over said treadle for returning said member
said body, a signaling device, and means operable by
to its ?rst position.
successive movements of said members to said third posi
5. The structure recited in claim 3 in which said memd 40 tion, successively to activate said signaling device to in
dicate the occurrence of successive ?rst events ‘in the
ber is an elongated, axially movable pin; in which said
order in which said ?rst events occurred.
pusher is actuated by a solenoid which is energized by
11. The structure recited in claim 10 and means for
the payment of the correct toll into said machine, and
rotating said body in the reverse direction, movable with
in which said means is an enlargement on said pin which
said body, and engageable with said members for suc
is engageable with said switch to energize the same only
cessively returning said members to their ?rst position.
when said member is in its second position.
12. A memory unit for a toll collecting system which
6. A memory mechanism for storing information rel
comprises a coin-receiving machine, said unit including a
ative to the occurrence of a ?rst series. of events, and
signal spaced from said machine a distance equal, at least,
for releasing said information upon the occurrence of a
corresponding second series of events in the order of
occurrence of said ?rst series of events, said mechanism
including ‘at least ?rst and second movable members,
means successively operable by the occurrence of at least
two successive ?rst series events, for successively mov
ing said ?rst and second members, in one direction, to a
rst position, means operable by the occurrence of at
least two successive second series events to move said
members, in a second ‘direction, to a second position, a
to twice the length of the longest vehicle using the system,
a treadle over which an approaching vehicle must pass
before said coin-receiving machine becomes accessible to
the driver of the vehicle, a ?rst solenoid energizable by
passage of a vehicle over said treadle, a second solenoid
cnergizable by the payment of the correct toll into said
machine, a rotary body, a plurality of pins carried by
said body, each of said pins being independently movable
to a ?rst and second position relative to the axis of
rotation of said body, and a pusher, movable longitudinal
signal, and means operable by the movement of each of
said members to said second position to energize said 60 ly of the axis of said body and engageable with each
of said pins to move it from its ?rst to its second posi
signal.
tion, means operable by the energization of said ?rst
7. A device ‘for storing information relative to the
solenoid to rotate said pusher in one direction into regis
occurrence of a ?rst event ‘and for releasing said infor
tration with one of said pins, means operable by energiza
mation upon the occurrence of a second event, said de
tion of said second solenoid for engaging said pusher with
vice including an elongated member movable longitudi~ 65 the registering pin to move the same to its second posi
nally of its axis ‘from a ?rst, to 1a second position, said
tion, a switch located adjacent the path of movement of
member being also movable, in a direction at an angle
said pins, and means carried by each of said pins and en
to its axis, to a third position, actuating means operable
gageable with said switch as each of said pins is moved
in response to the occurrence of said ?rst event to move
to its second position to energize said signal.
said member, from its said ?rst, to its second position,
13. The structure recited in claim 12 and a second
actuating means operable on occurrence of said second
treadle adjacent said signal and over which a vehicle leav
event for moving said member in said direction to said
ing the toll collecting zone must pass, a third solenoid en
third position, a signaling device, means operable by
ergizable by the passage of a vehicle over said second
movement of said member to said third position to 75 treadle, and actuating means operable upon energization
3,044,048
10
of said third solenoid to rotate said hody and said pusher
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
in the reverse direction.
14. The ‘structure recited in claim 13 and a cam rotat
able with said body and engageable With the adjacent end
UNITED STATES PATENTS
of a pin in its second position to push said pin back to its 5
?rst position.
2,889,544
Grant et a1. ___________ __- June 2, 1959
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