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Патент USA US3044119

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July 17, 1962
Filed Oct. 8, 1959
CM {44%
United States
Patented July 17, 1962 ‘
John P. Tansey, 622 Beverly Drive, Erie, Pa.
Filed Oct. 8, 1959, Ser. No. 845,128
4 Claims. (Cl. 16-186)
?rm engagement with the top surface 20 and, therefore,
holds the column 22 in rigid ?rm vertical relation to the
hinge 12.
The column v22 has a cylindrical cam 25 concentric
thereto welded thereto at 26. The cam 25 is generally
cylindrical in shape and has a cam surface 34 which is
lowest on the side thereof adjacent a rear edge 27 of the
door 11.
This invention relates to closures :and, more particularly,
to doors for use on partitions for toilets, showers, dressing
rooms, and the like and, still more particularly, to im
A movable hinge member 31 is generally box shaped
proved hinges for use in combination therewith.
10 having spaced sides 63 adapted to lie along the opposite
Previous doors for toilets, showers, and dressing rooms
sides of the door '11 and attached thereto by screws 66.
were supported on hinges which would not properly bring
The sides 63 are connected at the rear by a leg 32 and
the doors to a closed position.
at the bottom by a leg 33. A leg 64 is connected to the
The present invention contemplates the use of an upper
leg 32 and to the sides 63. The column 22 extends
and a lower hinge to support a door. ‘The invention con 15 through a bore in the ‘leg 33 and through a bore in the
templates the use, in combination, {of a cam ?xed to one
leg 64. The column 2-2 also extends into a cleft in the
hinge of a door to raise the door and a resilient member
door 11.
between the door and the other hinge thereof, the resil
The door 11 has a notch de?ned by edges 67 and 68
ient member being compressed when the door is moved
cut in its lower corner. This notch receives the hinge
to open position. The stress thus induced in the resilient 20 member 31 with the leg '64 resting against the upper edge
member urges the door toward the closed position when
of the member 67 and the other edge of the notch being
. it is moved away from closed position.
More particularly, it is an object of the present inven
de?ned by the edge 68.
An axle 29 is threadably inserted in the leg 32 and it
extends inwardly and has a roller bearing 28 supported 7‘
‘simple in construction, economical to manufacture, and 25. thereon. The roller bearing 28 rolls on the cam surface
simple and e?‘icient to use.
‘ 34. A threaded portion 30 of the axle 29 threadably en
Another object of the invention is to provide an im
gages the leg 32. Therefore, when the door 11 is rotated
proved door and hinge combination.
to an open position, the bearing 28 rolls up the cam surface
Still another object of this invention is to provide a
34 and moves the door 11 upwardly.
door and hinge ‘combination for use in washrooms and the 30
The movable portion of the hinge 13 has two spaced
like wherein the hinge structure itself has means thereon
?at portions 39 which lie one on each side of the door 11
which urges the door toward a closed position.
and receive the door 11 therebetween. The ?at portions
tion to provide a door and hinge combination which is
A further object of the invention is to provide a hinge
39 are attached to the door 11 by screws 40.
The ?at
structure which has an improved resilient closing member
portions 319 are connected by a lateral portion 41 which
35 lies along the rear edge of the door 11 and is contoured
in combination therewith.
With the above and other objects in view, the present
to lie coextensive with the rear contoured edge of the
invention consists of the combination and arrangement of
door 11. A horizontal portion 42 overlies the top edge
parts hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the
of the door 11 and is integrally attached to the ?at '
accompanying drawing and more particularly pointed out
portions 39.
in the appended claims, it being understood that changes 40 A cleft 43 is formed in the ?at portions 39 and the
may be made in the form, size, proportions, and minor
cleft 43 is closed by web members 74, 75, and 716. The
details of construction without departing from the spirit
cleft 43 receives the portion 19 of the hinge. A portion
of the hinge is bored to rotatably receive a shaft 44. The
shaft 44 is received in a bore of the portion 42 of the
FIG. 1 is a view of a door and hinge combination ac
hinge at 45 and extends downwardly into a hole 48 of a
cording to the invention; and
guide member 46 and has a hole 47 therein. The hole 47
FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view of the upper hinge as
receives a cotter pin which also passes through an opening
shown in FIG. 1.
in the guide member 46. ' The guide member 46 is in
Now with more particular reference to the drawing,
attached to the lateral portion 41 and to the ?at
partitions 10 are shown with doors £11 swingably con 50 portions 39 and is spaced from the web member 75. A
nected thereto. The doors 11 maybe made of metal con
resilient cylindrical member 49 is received in the cleft 43
struction and will preferably be ‘approximately one inch
and rests between an upper ?at surface 50 of the web
thick; however, the thickness may vary within wide limits,
member 75 and a lower surface 51 of the hinge 13.
depending upon the installation.
Metal washers 77 and 78 rest on each end of the
Hinges 12 and 13 are attached to the partitions 10 by 55 member 49.
means of suitable screws 14 and 15. Each hinge 12 and
‘In operation, ‘when the door 11 is closed, the resilient
13 is made up of a ?xed part attached to the partition 10
member 49 will be slightly under compression between
I and a movable part attached to the door 11. A ?xed part
the member 13 and the web 75. When the door 11 is
16 of the hinge 12 is very similar to a ?xed part 17 of the
swung to an open position, the bearing 28 will climb
hinge 13. The ?xed parts 16 and 17 have spaced legs 60 up the cam surface 34 as aforesaid and this will further
which receive the partition 10 therebetween and are con
compress the resilient member 49 between the surfaces
nected by intermediate parts 16’ and '17’ which are curved
50 and ‘51. This will exert a downward force on the
to overlie a curved edge 10 of the partition 10.
door 11 and urge the roller bearing 28 to travel down
Outwardly extending portions 18 and 19 of the hinges
the cam surface 34 and thus urge the door 11 toward
12 and 13 are integrally connected to and make up a part 65
closed position.
of the ?xed parts 16 and 17. The portions 18 and ‘19 are
It has been determined that the resilient member 49
generally rectangular in cross section. The lower portion
must be of a particular stiffness for maximum operation
18 has a ?at top surface 20 and a threaded hole 21 therein
and, therefore, the resilient shock absorber member'49
which receives the threaded reduced size portion of a
column 22. The reduced size portion of the column 22 70 is preferably made up of a rubber like material having a
durometer of between sixty and eighty.
terminatesat its upper end in "a shoulder against which a
The foregoing speci?cation sets forth the invention in
washer 23 rests. A lock nut 24 urges the washer 23 into
thereof or from the scope of the ‘appended claims.
In the drawing:
its ‘preferred practical forms but the structure shown is
capable of modi?cation within a range of, equivalents
without departing from the invention which is to be under
stood is broadly novel as is commensurate with the ap
pended claims.
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive
property or privilege is claimed are de?ned as follows:
1. In combination, apartitiontandraidoor swingably
upper hinge and through said resilient member, said shaft
being received. in a member on said door below said
resilient member.
4. In combination, a partition having a pilaster and a
door swinga-bly attached to said pilaster, a bottom hinge
and a toprhinge connecting said door to said pilaster, said
bottom hinge having an upstanding column memberthere
on, a bore insaid door receiving said columnmember, a
‘slot in the upper part of said. door receiving, said top hinge,
supported on said partition by, meansvof an upper and
a lower hinge, said-lowerhinge .having- an upwardly dis 10 a pin in said door extending through said slot and pivotally
received in said top hinge, a resilient shock absorber
posed surface, said upper hinge having a downwardly dis
member having a bore therein receiving said pin, said
posed surface, a column member attached to said, up
wardly, disposed surfaceland extendingrupwardly there
shock absorber member being disposed between said top
hinge and the bottom-of'said slot, cam means on said
a vcan't on said column member, a’ follower on said door, 15 bottom hinge, and follower means on said door, said‘ cam
means urging said follower means and said door upwardly,
said follower, being forced ‘upwardly moving said door
compressing said resilient member between said top hinge
upwardly when said door'is moved from a closed to an
and said door whereby said door is urged toward a closed
open ‘position, and a resilient member between said down
from, means on said door'receiving said column ‘member,’
wardly disposed surface and an ‘upwardly disposed surface
on said door, said resilientmember-being made of arub
her like material having a durometer of approximately
position, said resilient member being made of material
havingwthe properties of rubber having a durometer of;
References Cited in the ?le of this patent‘
2. The combination recited in claim‘ 1 wherein said
resilient member is cylindrical and has an opening therein,
a shaft is disposed between said downwardly disposed 25
Ketcham ____________ __ Dec. 10, 1889
surface on said hinge and said upwardly disposedsurface
Le, Marr ..___,______ _____ May 20, 1902
on-said door, and said shaft extends through said opening 7
Jones et al. _______ __'..__ May 29, 1956
in said resilient member,
3. The combination recited in claim 14, wherein: said‘ 30 “ 2,840,848‘
'door has a cleft therein and; a shaft extends across said
Hickey ___________ __v...._'__ July 1, 1958
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