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Патент USA US3044153

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July 17, 1962
s. F. JAMES
-
3,044,143
APPARATUS FOR THE SHRINKING OR STRETCHING
OF FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL
Filed Oct. 16, 1959
55
3,044,143
United States
Patented July 17, 1962
.1
2.
approximately 0.020" (0.5 mm.) deep, and 0.033" (0.8
3,044,143
APPARATUS FGR TIE SIRHJIQNG ()R STRETCH
ING 0F FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL
Sven Fritiof James, London, England
Filed Oct. 16, 1959, Ser. No. 846,929
Claims priority, application Great Britain June 30, 1959
9 Claims. (Cl. 26—18.6)
mm.) from crest to crest.
Apparatus in accordance with the invention can be of
such dimensions that it is possible to treat woven cloth
or the like for the full width thereof so that successive
portions of a roll of cloth can be treated.
The apparatus can be designed for use in the shaping
of various parts of garments during the initial makeup
thereof, and is especially useful for shaping such parts of
or stretching of ?exible sheet material, particularly but 10 garments located in the areas around the shoulders, bust,
waist, hips and seat portions of the garment.
not exclusively woven, knitted or other textile fabrics,
Again, apparatus according to the invention is particu
and has for its object to provide such apparatus of simple
larly suitable for restoring to the original condition por
form to which suitable ?exible sheet material, in the
This invention relates to apparatus for the shrinking
piece or as made up into garments, readily can be ap
tions of garments which in wear have been stretched or
plied for treatment.
otherwise deformed.
In order that the invention may be better understood,
it will now be described with reference to the accompany
ing somewhat diagrammatic drawings which are given
_
'
In general, an apparatus according to the present in
Vention, for the shrinking or stretching of suitable ?exible
sheet material, comprises a plurality of narrow material
by way of example only and in which:
engaging members-hereafter termed engaging memFIG. 1 is a front elevation of one form of apparatus
bers-—the upper surfaces of which, taken together, occupy 20
according to the invention which is particularly suitable
the same general plane, each of which upper surfaces
has a roughened or serrated formation to “engage” with
the under surface of the material when it is laid and
for the treatment of trousers which, in wear, have de
veloped “baggy” knees.
'
FIG. ,2 is a side elevation of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a plan of FIG. 1 with parts broken away.
on the surface of a lower ?xed member and so intercon 25
FIG. 4 is a plan to a larger scale of the material
nected and mounted by lost motion connecting means
supporting portion of the structure.
‘that (a) they can all be held assembled but slightly sep
FIG. 5 is a section on the line V—V, FIG. 4.
arated by narrow gaps between adjacent engaging mem
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary front elevation partly in sec
bers, or (b) they can all be moved from the separated
tion of a portion of FIG. 1, and
position and brought into contact, to eliminate the gaps.
FIGS. 7 and 8 are portions of the apparatus in two
Thus, the area of the supporting surface over which
pressed thereon, which engaging members are supported
the engaging members extend when separatedv by the
gaps is greater than the area over which the engaging
members extend when they are brought into contact,
by an amount equal to the total area of all of the gaps.
As a consequence, when- the ?exible sheet material,
such as woven cloth, is laid and‘ pressed onto the engag
ing members by an upper movable pressing member
when said engaging members are held opened out, then
upon the closing-together of the engaging members the
engaged cloth will be compacted in the direction of its
length and brought to occupy a smaller area, that is, it
will have ‘been shrunk.
Again, when the sheet material such as Woven cloth
different positions, shown in section to a greatly enlarged
scale, to illustrate the lost motion action.
The apparatus shown in the drawings comprises a ?at
rectangular supporting plate 9 adapted to be screwed to a
table top or the like. The plate 9 is provided adjacent
one end with a pair of spaced-apart upwardly projecting
brackets 10 having upper and lower ?anges the upper
?anges of which are ?xed to the underside of one end of
an elongated built-up plate structure 11 by suitable fas
tener elements, to support the plate structure 11 parallel
to the supporting plate. This plate structure 11 has a
central longitudinally extending recess 12 in its upper
surface, rounded ends and longitudinally extending paral
The parallel sides have detachable retaining
strips 13 with slight inwardly projecting ?anges 14 ex
tending throughout their lengths, and outer semicircular
shaped detachable retaining members '15 with inwardly
is laid and pressed onto the engaging members when they 45 lel sides.
are held closed together, then upon separating the en
gaging members the engaged cloth will be slightly thinned
in the direction of its length and brought to occupy a
larger area, that is, it will have been stretched.
projecting curved ?anges 16 for attachment to the semi
,
The upper movable pressing members for pressing the 50 circular ends of the supporting plate.
On the surface and at the mid-position of the support
material onto the roughened surfaces of the engaging
members and for holding it pressed thereon, can be as
ing plate llthere is ?xed an “engaging member” 17 of
stainless steel in the form of an elongated bar of rectangu
desired and be weight or spring operated, and the surface
lar section so that its length is at right angles to the
thereof in contact with the sheet material (or a dampen
ing cloth or the like laid over the sheet material) must 55 longitudinal edges of the supporting plate and its narrow
be polished or glazed, to .allow the material to move
width, for example one-quarter of an inch, extends in
the longitudinal direction of said plate. Its upper sur
thereunder by the pull of the engaging members with
face is serrated with alternate V-section ridges and chan
but little friction, when the said material is actually be
nels (not shown in the drawing owing to the smallness of
ing shrunk or stretched.
In, most cases, however, the pressing member can be 60 the scale) such as hereinbefore set forth, whichextend
longitudinally of the bar. This serrated surface, however,
an ‘electrically heated “iron,” suitably supported and
projects to a desired extent above the level of the upper
brought into and out of action, said iron preferably be
surfaces of the ?anges 14 of the retaining strips 13 at the
ing under thermostat control.
.
edges of the supporting plate 11.
The installation can also, if desired, include means
65
The upper surface of the supporting plate 11 at one
combined with the iron or otherwise for supplying steam
semi-circular end also has slidably mounted thereon a
or moisture to the material being treated or to a covering
segment-shaped plate 18 the straight edge 19 of which is
dampening cloth or the like therefor.
directed to and parallel with the ?xed engaging member
The ‘roughened or serrated formation of the upper
17. At the other end of the supporting plate 11 there is
surfaces of the engaging members can be effected in a 70 another similar segment shaped plate 20 the straight edge
great variety of manners. For instance, they can have
21 of which is directed to and parallel with the ?xed en
alternating V-section ridges and channels, for example
gaging member 17. These segment-shaped plates 18 and
3,044,143
' 3
20 are retained and guided by the ?anges 16 of the semi
.47
42 to the corresponding pin 23 of the other and remote
‘ circular-shaped retaining members 15 and they have
segmental plate 20. Both links pass into the gap ‘12.
downwardly projecting pins 22 and 23 ?xed thereto re
The arrangement is such that when the vertical spindle
spectively which pass through, work in and extend below
37 is turned in one direction through a de?ned angle, the
straight slots 24 and 25 (FIGS. 4 and 6) in the sup CI movable engaging members 26 are separated, and when
porting plate 11 for connection to operating mechanism
turned in the other direction these engaging members are
as hereafter described.
closed together. From the position shown in FIG. 4,
Mounted to slide on the supporting plate 11 and lo
where the gaps are open, upon turning the spindle 37 in a
cated between the ?xed engaging member 17 and the
counter-clockwise direction the segmental plates 18 and
segmental sliding plates 18 and 20, are a number of mov 10 2t) and all the movable engaging members 26 will be
able stainless steel engaging members 25 each generally
moved towards the ?xed engaging member '17, and all the
similar to the ?xed engaging member 17 in shape, dimen
gaps will be closed.
sions and disposition.
The base plate 9 has a lower bearing for the vertical
As shown in FIG. 5, the ends 27 of {these movable en
spindle ‘37 which towards the lower end has a crank disc
gaging members are reduced in height to slide beneath
43 (FIG. 3) the crank pin of which is connected by a link
the ?anges 14 and so that their serrated upper ridged
44 to a two-armed lever pivoted at 45 in the base plate 9,‘
surfaces28 project well above the level of the upper sur
the outer arm 46 of which constitutes the operating handle
faces of these ?anges.
' for the apparatus. By moving this handle 46 in a clock
In a particular example, there are twenty-?ve of these
wise direction (FIG. 3) through a desired angle, the
movable engaging‘ members 26 (each approximately one 20 mechanism effects the separation of the engaging mem
‘quarter of an inch wide) on each side of the ?xed engag
bers, and by then moving it in the other direction, the
ing member 17, and when fully separated (as hereafter
described) with the segmental plates 18 and 29 at the
outer extremities of their movement, there is a narrow
gap of 0.020” between all adjacent engaging members.
' The movable engaging members 26 are interconnected
- by lost motion connecting means as shown in FIGS. 7
v and 8 wherein each movable engaging member 26 is bored
at 29 from one vertical face to the other, to take a hori
closing-together of such engaging members. The closed
together position is shown in FIG. 3.
The base plate 9 has ?xed thereto two similar spaced
‘“ apart upwardly projecting lbrackets 47 the upper ends of
which have bearings for a horizontal spindle 48 which has
?xed thereto two connected shaped levers 49 the outer
ends of which support a carrying spindle 50 for apertured
carriers 51 to which the upper part of the casing of a rec
zontal pin 33 as a sliding clearance ?t. This bore 29 is 30 tangular-shaped electric iron 52 is adjustably connected
enlarged at one end 31 to accommodate a head 32 on the
by studs and nuts. The lower polished or glazed press
pin as a sliding ?t providing a lost motion connecting
ing surface 53 of this iron when in the lowered position
means. The pin‘ 30 is a tight force ?t into an aligned
(shown dotted in FIG. 2) is located in the plane of the
bore 33 in the next adjacent movable engaging mem
ridged surfaces 28 of the engaging members 17 and 26‘.
ber 26.
.
35 The connection of the carriers 51 to the spindle 50 is such
To keep these movable engaging members 26 substan
that the iron can have a slight angular motion about the
tially parallel in movemenhand as shown in FIG. 4,
said spindle so that it always lies ?at on the ridged sur
two such pins'30 connect‘each pair of adjacent engaging
faces 28.
members 26, one pin near one end and the other pin not
The spindle 48 has a lever 54 ?xed at each end, the
I so near the other end but somewhat displaced to allow
other end of which lever is connected by a tension spring
for the symmetrical connection of all the engaging mem
55 to a pin 56 on the adjacent supporting [bracket 47. The
here. Further, the arrangement is such that the fixed en
springs 55 in the out-of-action full-line position (FIG. 2)
gaging member 17 does not have any'cnlarged bores 31
of the iron are located on one side of a dead centre of the
for the heads 32 of the pins, but only bores 33 into
levers to hold the iron in the raised position. In this
which the pins are a force ?t, so that the heads 32‘ of these 45 position, shaped portions of the levers 49 are kept pulled
pins face away from the ?xed engaging member on both ~
sides thereof. Again, the outermost movable members
34 on each side come wholly below the ?anges 16 and do
not have an upper serrated surface. These special mov
onto an abutting stop 57 which connects the brackets 47
towards their upper ends. The iron 52 has an operating
handle ‘58 by which it tis-turned to bring the springs 55 to
and past the dead centre by ‘a desired angle to the operating
able members 34 accommodate only the sliding heads 32 50 position of the iron (dotted line 'FIG. 2) where it is held
' and pins 30, and are ?xedly secured by screws 35 to
pressed on to the ridged engaging members.
' the slidable segmental plates 18 and 20.
'
'
Inthe enlarged views shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, 59 is the
The ‘arrangement, disposition and dimensions of the
material to be shrunk which is located between the ridged
parts are such that, as shown in FIG. 7, the head 32 only
upper surfaces of the movable engaging members 26 (the
allows the separation of the adjacent engaging members
?xed engaging member .17 is similarly ridged) and the
26 up to the extent of the gap, that is, 0.020", and when
polished surface 53v of the iron 52. Where the engaging
the said adjacent members are in contact to eliminate the
members are separated by the ‘gaps as shown in FIG. 7,
gap, as shown in FIG. 8, then the head 32 is still fully
the longitudinal dimension between the extremities of the
accommodated in the enlarged end of the bore 31 in
members shown in this ?gure is “D.” When they are
which it is housed,
'
i ‘
'
60 brought together, compactingthe material 59 longitudi
‘From the above 'it will be understood that when the
nally, this dimension is reduced to “d,” which is less than
segmental plates 18 and 20 are in their outermost extreme
“D” by the total dimensions of the gaps.
positions (FIG. 4), if they are moved one towards the
In operation, to shrink the front portion of the baggy
other in a uniform manner then the gaps, simultaneously
from each end of the supporting plate, will be closed suc 65 knee of one leg of a pair of trousers, the engaging mem
bers 26 are set into and held in the separated position
cessively until they are all closed, and vice versa.
(FIG. 4). Then the waist end of the trousers leg is drawn
. At the end of the supporting plate 11 which is con
over the free end of the supporting plate ‘11 with its engag
nected to the brackets 10 upstanding from thebase mem~
ing members, and the said leg portion brought into such a
ber,rthere projects a horizontal bearing plate 36 (FIGS.
position that the normal crease down the front of the
1 and 4) to take a vertical spindle 37 the upper end of
70 knee is located centrally and in the longitudinal direction
which has ?xed thereto a two-armedrcrank lever 38. One
of the supporting plate. Then this portion of the fabric
crank pin 39 has connected thereto one end of a short link
is pressed down by hand on to the'ridged upper surfaces
49, the other end of which link is pivoted to the pin 22
28 of ‘the engaging members. A dampened cloth is then
projecting below the nearest and adjacent segmental plate
laid over this portion of the fabric of the trousers leg and
18. The other crank pin 41 is connected by a long link 75 then the iron 52 is loweredfto exert pressure thereon.
3,044,143
This is immediately followed by bringing the engaging
contactual engagement throughout their length, whereby '
members 26 to‘ the closed position, which compacts to
gether the fabric such as 59 engaged by the engaging
members; the pressure is then maintained for a desired
in one extreme position the cloth engaging members
‘are arranged in assembled relation but slightly separated
with the narrow gaps therebetween, and iri the other ex
treme position can be brought into contact with one an
period, to render the shrinking permanent.
Stretching may be as readily effected by ?rst setting the
engaging members 26 into the closed position (FIG. 3)
other throughout their lengths to eliminate the gaps, the
pressing surface of the upper movable pressing head
having a smooth polished ?nish to permit the cloth
and this treatment may be used for restoring the “crum
pling-up” or wrinkling at the rear portion of the knee of a
pressed between the surfaces of the lower ?xed member
and upper presser head and held in engagement with
the serrations on the outer surfaces of the cloth engag
ing members to move with the cloth engaging members
trousers leg. Similarly, this stretching treatment could
be given to the upwardly crumpled or shrunken lower por
tions of trousers legs, or even to the pulled or “worked
up” ends of coat sleeves or the like.
when the same are moved, and means for moving the
What I claim is:
cloth engaging members in a direction at right angles to
their length toward and away from one another.
4. A cloth pressing apparatus as set forth in claim 3,
1. A cloth pressing apparatus of the type comprising
a ?rst member with a surface to receive and support the
in which the narrow cloth engaging members are com
cloth, and a second member with a surface adapted in
bined with a further elongated ?xed bar of rectangular
one position to contact the cloth and retain it in pressed
section having a serrated cloth engaging outer surf-ace
relation with the ?rst member, together with means
whereby the second member can be moved into position 20 in the same plane with the serrated surfaces of the mova
in relation to the ?rst member to hold the cloth pressed
ble cloth engaging members, said ?xed bar being sup
ported on the surface of the lower ?xed member and
between the two said surfaces, in which the construction ‘
positioned such that there is a plurality of intercon
includes a plurality of similar narrow cloth-engaging
nected movable cloth engaging members on each side
members supported to move on said ?rst member, each
such narrow cloth-engaging member having an outer sur 25 thereof, and is connected to an adjacent movable cloth
engaging member on each side by connecting means,
face which is co-planar with the outer surfaces of the other
and means for moving the movable cloth engaging mem
cloth-engaging members, and each such outer surface
ber of each side which is most remote from the ?xed
having a serrated formation to frictionally engage with
cloth engaging bar simultaneously toward and away from
and hold the adjacent surface of the cloth when it is
pressed thereto, slidable connecting means interconnect 30
ing adjacent cloth engaging members to permit said
members to move laterally with respect to one another
such that in one position the cloth-engaging members are
the ?xed cloth engaging bar.
7 '
5. A cloth pressing apparatus as set forth in claim 3,
in which the narrow rectilinear cloth‘ engaging members
are combined with ‘a further narrow elongated ?xed bar
all held assembled together but slightly separated by nar
of rectangular section having a serrated cloth engaging
row gaps of uniform spacing between adjacent cloth
35 outer surface lying in the same plane with the serrated
engaging members and from which position they can all
be relatively moved to another position in which adjacent
surfaces of the movable cloth engaging members, said
members when these latter are moved, and means for
point from the ?xed cloth engaging bar simultaneously
toward and away from the ?xed cloth engaging bar, the
lower ?xed member which supports the cloth engaging
?xed bar being supported on the surface of the lower ?xed
member and ‘arranged such that there is a plurality of
cloth-engaging members are brought into contact with one
interconnected movable cloth engaging members on each
another throughout their entire lengths to eliminate the
gaps, the other said surface having a smooth polished 40 side thereof and is connected to ‘an vadjacent movable
cloth engaging member on each side by connecting means
?nish to allow the cloth pressed between the two said sur
similar to the connecting means between adjacent mova
faces of the ?rst and second members and held in engage
ble cloth engaging members, and means for moving the
ment with the serrations on the outer surfaces of the
cloth engaging member'o-f each side at the most remote
cloth-engaging members, to move with the cloth-engaging
moving the cloth-engaging members to and from the posi
tions having the gaps or where the gaps are eliminated.
L,
2. YA cloth-pressing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, in
which the cloth-engaging members are formed as narrow
members having retaining means ?xed to its edges con
sisting of inwardly projecting ?anges extending over and
elongated bars of rectangular section, mounted to move 50 guiding reduced end portions of the movable engaging
members, the cloth engaging members being of such
side by side in parallel relation on said ?rst member hav
thickness that the serrated surfaces thereof project above
ing a plain supporting surface, and said interconnecting
the upper surfaces of the ?anges.
'
means including lost motion connecting means between
6. _A cloth pressing apparatus as set forth in claim 3,
adjacent bars permitting the bars to be moved apart to
form narrow gaps extending throughout their lengths, and 55 in which the narrow cloth engaging members are com
bined with a further elongated ?xed rectilinear bar of
moved together into intimate contact throughout their
rectangular section having a serrated cloth engaging outer
lengths to eliminate the gaps.
'
surface in the same plane with the serrated surfaces of
3. A cloth pressing apparatus comprising a lower ?xed
the movable cloth engaging members, said ?xed bar be
member having a surface to receive the cloth, an upper
ing secured to the surface of the lower ?xed member movable heated presser head having a surface adapted
and positioned such that a plurality of interconnected
to contact the cloth and retain it in pressed relation
cloth engaging members are ‘arranged on each side there
with respect to the ?rst member, a plurality of narrow
of, said ?xed bar being connected to an adjacent mova
rectilinear cloth engaging members of uniform rectangu~
ble cloth member on each side for relative sliding move
lar section slidably supported on the surface of the lower
ment, means for moving the movable cloth engaging
?xed member, each cloth engaging member being pro
member of each side which is most remote from the ?xed
vided with an outer serrated surface which is co-planar
cloth engaging bar simultaneously toward and simul
with the serrated surfaces of the other cloth engaging
taneously away from the ?xed cloth engaging bar, the
members to frictionally engage and hold the adjacent
lower ?xed member which supports the cloth engaging
surface of the cloth when it is pressed thereagainst by
members having retaining means ?xed to its edges com
said presser head, lost motion connecting means pro
prising an inwardly directed ?ange to extend over, guide
vided between each adjacent pair of cloth engaging mem
and retain reduced end portions of the movable cloth en;
bers arranged such that in one extreme position of the
connection the adjacent members of the pair are sepa
gaging members, said cloth engaging members being of a
rated by a narrow gap of uniform spacing throughout
thickness such that the serrated surfaces thereof project
its length, while in the other extreme position are in 75 above said ?anges, and a pair of slides on the surface
I was, 143
of the lower ?xed member operatively connected to the
outermost movable cloth engaging members having pro
jecting pins operating in slots in the lower ?xed member,
the pins being connected by links to a crank ann adapted
to move with the cloth engaging members when the same
are moved in a lateral direciiion'relative one to the other,‘
and means for moving the cloth engaging members from
‘a position in which they are spaced apart to a position in
to be rotated in either ‘direction to move the cloth en
which they are in contactual engagement. 1
n
9. A cloth pressing apparatus comprising a lower ?xed
7. A cloth pressing apparatus as claimed in claim 3, in j
platen member having a surface to support the cloth, an
upper movable heated presser head associated with said
which the narrow rectilinear cloth engaging members are
platen having a surface adapted to cooperate with the
combined with an additional narrowelongated ?xed recti
linear bar of rectangular section having a serrated cloth 10 platen surface to press the cloth placed therebetween, a
plurality of narrow rectilinear cloth engaging members of
engaging surface lying in the same plane with the serrated,
rectangular section movably supported on the surface of
surfaces of the movable cloth , engaging members, said}
said platen, each cloth engaging member being provided
?xed bar being supported on the lower‘?xed member and
’ positioned such that there is a plurality of interconnected
on its upper edge with a'ser'rated surface in. which all
of the serrated surfaces are arranged in substantially the
movable cloth engaging members on each side thereof,
same plane, each adjacent pair of said cloth engaging
said ?xed bar being connected to an adjacent movable
members being movably connected to move in a direction
cloth engaging member on each side, means for moving
normal to their length, headed pins having a shank portion
the movable cloth engaging member of each side which
received in one of said pair of adjacent cloth engaging
is most remote from the ?xed cloth engaging 'bar so' that
said narrow rectilinear cloth engaging memberswill be 20 members with the head thereof received in a stepped bore
in an adjacent engaginglmember of said pair, said bore
moved simultaneously toward ‘and away from the ?xed;
being shaped to permit sliding movement of the head end
cloth engaging bar upon operation of said means, the
of said pin to permit said adjacent engaging members to
lower ?xed member which supports the cloth engaging
be spaced apart a slight ‘distance with the head of the pin
members being provided with an inwardlydirected ?ange
providing a limit stop to control the spacing of said mem
’ to extend over reduced outer end portions of the movable ‘
gaging members toward and away from said ?xed bar.
cloth engaging members, said cloth engaging members
bers, said cloth engaging members being connected by
being ‘of such a thickness that the serrated surfaces there
of project above the upper surface of said ?ange, a slide
attached toreach slide extending'downwardly through slots
said pins such that in one extreme position they are ar
ranged in slightly spaced relation to, form narrow gaps
therebetweenand in'the other extreme position they are
moved intoi contactual engagement throughout their
in said lower ?xed member, links connected to said pins,
lengths to eliminate the gaps, said presser head having a
’ a manual operating shaft having a pair of crank arms’
smooth polished surface to permit the cloth pressed be
‘ on the lower ?xed member at each end thereof, pins
connected to the respective links and an operating handle
tween the surfaces of the lower platen and presser head
on said shaft for rotating’ the latter.
v
V
to be held in engagement with the serrations on the other
8. A cloth pressing apparatus comprising a lower ?xed 35 surfaces of the cloth engaging members ‘and to move with
the cloth engaging members when the same are moved, an
member, an upper movable heated presser head arranged
additional narrow elongated ?xed rectilinear bar of rec
'to cooperate with said ?xed member and having a su-r—
face adapted to contact the cloth placed on the lower ' tangular section having a serrated cloth engaging surface
?xed member and ‘retain it in pressed, relation with the ' in, the same plane with the other serrated surfaces of said
cloth engaging members, said ?xed bar being arranged
?xed member, a plurality, of narrow rectilinear cloth en-v
gaging members of rectangular section movably supported 7
on thesurface of the lower ?xed member, said cloth en
and supported on the surface of the platen, so that a
plurality of movable cloth engaging members are arranged
gaging members being provided with serrated surfaces
on opposite sides of said ?xed bar, headed pin connectors
lying in the same plane to engage and hold the surface
for slidably connecting adjacent movable cloth engaging
of the cloth-when it is pressed thereagainst by the upper, 45 members to opposite sides of said ?xed bar, means for
moving the cloth engaging member of each side which is
movable presser head, connecting pins interconnecting
most remote from the ?xed cloth engaging bar to simul
each adjacent pair of cloth engaging members, said pins
taneously move said cloth engaging members toward and
being provided with a shank portion ‘and a head portion
away from said ?xed bar, a ?ange extending upwardly
with the shank portion received in one of said pair of
from said platen having, an inwardly directed portion to
cloth engaging members and the head portion being slid
slidably receive reduced end portions of the cloth engaging
V ably received in a stepped bore in the other clothiengaging
members, said cloth engaging members being of such a
member of said pair, the arrangement being such that
thickness, as to project above the upper surface of the
when adjacent cloth engaging members are spaced apart
?anges.
,
e
a distance limited by’ said connecting pins the head abuts
the stepped bore and when the adjacent cloth engaging 55
members arein contact with one another the head of said
7 References Cited in the ?le of this patent .
pin is moved to a position toward the other end of the
'UNITED STATES PATENTS
' bore, the upper movable’ presser, head being provided,
Cluett et a1 ___________ __ May 12, 1943
2,319,211
with a smooth polished surface to allow the cloth pressed
Moses __;___>____i ____ __ Aug. 22, 1950
by said head and held in engagement with said serrations
. 2,519,915
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