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Патент USA US3044223

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' ‘July 17, 1962
G. LlClTlS
3,044,213
TOY
Filed Nov. 4, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Jig/5
July 17, 1962
3,044,213
G. LlClTlS
TOY
Filed Nov. 4, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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3,944,213
Patented July 17, 1962
2
URE 3,-and also to store energy for subsequently actuat
ing the sound-producing means to produce the appropriate
3,044,213
‘
‘
TOY
noises which include build-up and “explosion” noises in
this embodiment. Launching the projectile releases the
Gunars Licitis, Chicago, IlL, assignor to Marvin I. Glass,
Chicago, Ii].
7
Filed Nov. 4, 1959, S'er. No. 850,918
7 Claims. (Q1. 46-177)
energy but an inertia means 15 operates to delay the actua
tion of the sound-producingmeans and thereby interject
a time interval between the launching of the grenade-pro
This invention relates generally to a projectile toy and
jectile and its subsequent “explosion.”
more particularly to a delayed-action projectile and an
associated launching gun.
_
Children have long been fascinated by toy guns of
various sorts and, accordingly, a great variety of toy guns
have been developed which ‘do a multitude of things.
To be more particular, the embodiment of the gun 11,
10. shown in FIGURE 1, includes an elongated hollow barrel
Especially intriguing are those toy guns which not only. -
16, and an integrally connected handle or stock 17. Ex
ternally, the gun is of a modernistic design and includes
a telescopic sight 18' mounted on the top of the barrel 16.
The handle 17 comprises a hollow depending forward grip
launch a projectile with various contemporaneous side 15 portion 18 and a rear grip portion 19 which is connected
.eifects but which also provide later effects to represent
'to the forward grip portion 18 by a center portion 20.
the projectile’s exploding when it reaches its designated
The front end of the barrel 16 forms an internal ‘cy
lindrical launching chamber 21 which receives the rear
require that the projectile contact some object to actuate
end of the projectile while the rear end of the barrel 16
.the explosive effect. In this invention no such contact 20 forms an internal cavity 22 which extends back from
isrequired; the explosive effect taking place a predeter
the launching chamber 21 and houses the compression
_mined time interval'after the projectile is launched whether
type launching spring 12. ' One end of the launching
an object is contacted or not. Thus, the illusion of a
spring 12 is a?’ixed to the rear of the cavity 22 and in
fused or remote-controlled device is created. The latter
the relaxed, unloaded position its other end extends for
feature is especially desirable in view of the current high 25 ward into the launching chamber 21. When the pro
degree of interest in remotely controlled devices, particu
jectile is loaded in the launching chamber 21, as shown
larly missiles of various sorts.
in FIGURE 1, its rear end acts against the launching
Accordingly, the prime object of this invention is to pro
spring 12 serving to compress it into the ready-to-launch
vide an improved projectile launching toy in which a de
position._ The projectile is held in that position against
layedi eifect is produced without the necessity of the pro
‘the force of the launching spring 12 by the trigger mecha
jectile contacting an object.
nism 13.
A further object is to provide such a toy in which the
The trigger mechanism 13 includes an elongated, gen
projectile and its launching gun cooperate to produce the
erally ‘horizontally movable trigger member 23, shown
delayed effect after the launching of the projectile._
in FIGURE 5. The trigger member 23 carries an up
A further object is to provide such a device which cre
wardly'extendingrlatch 24 and a rearwardly depending
target. Most of the existing toys of that type, however,
ates the effect of fused or remote-controlled operation but
which is simple and economical.
_
'
guide pin 25 at its forward end as well as several trans
verse ears 26 and'26’ and several longitudinal lips 32 and
-
Further objects and advantages of this device will be’
'32’ at its rear end.
understood from the following description and accompany
The trigger member 23 is mounted up into a slot 23a
ing drawings of one embodiment of the invention.
40 in the ‘bottom of the rear end of the barrel 16, seen best
In the drawings:
in FIGURE 4. The guide pin 25 is slidably lbut loosely
FIGURE 1 is a side view (partially broken away) of a received in a rearward and downward extending guide
launching gun and a grenade-projectile mounted thereon
way 25a'provi-ded by several projections 27 and 27' with
in the ready-to-launch position, embodying various fea
in the front portion 18 of the handle. ‘The ears 26 and
tures of the invention.
45 26' and the lips 32' and 32' support the rear end of the
FIGURE 2 is a sectional side view of the projectile
shown in FIGURE 1 after it has been launched and has
trigger member 23 by riding above and below, respec
tively, the portion of the barrel 16 adjacent the slot 23a.
A small ?at spring 28 is held within the hollow handle
FIGURE. 3 is a sectional side view of the projectile
portion 18 in a space de?ned by the projection 27’ and
shown in FIGURE 1 in the ready-to-launch position.
50 the trigger member 23. The spring 28 supports the
FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4
front end of the trigger member 23, urging it upward and
of FIGURE 1.
_
causing the latch 24 to engage a lip 29 at the rear end of
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of the trigger member.
the projectile thereby holding the projectile in the ready
FIGURE 6 is a sectional view taken along line 6—6
to-launch position.
of FIGURE 3.
.
7
55
An annular ?nger loop 30 is integrally connected to
FIGURE 7 is a sectional view taken along line 7--7 of
the trigger member 23 and extends downwardly there
FIGURE 3.
from immediately in front of the rear portion 19 of the
Brie?y, in a toy in accordance with the invention, a
handle. When the loop 30 is pulled rearwardly, the
launching gun propels a grenade-projectile, with the two
trigger member 23 moves rearwardly while also pivoting
combining to produce a build-up noise and a delayed “ex 60 about the contact point 31 of the ears 26 and 26’ with
plosion” of the projectile a predetermined time interval
the upper surface of portion of the barrel adjacent the
after the projectile is launched.
'
slot 23a. The rear end of the trigger member 23 is pre
Generally, the embodiment shown in FIGURE 1 in
vented from lifting completely up by the lips 32 and 32'
cludes a delayed-action grenade-projectile 10 and a launch
abutting up against the bottom surface of the portions
ing gun 11. The gun 11, which is of an imaginative 65 of the barrel adjacent the slot 23a. The path of the trig
design in the general con?guration of a carbine or sub
germember 23 is de?ned by the sliding movement of the
machine gun, operates along the lines of the familiar “dart
guide pin’ 25 within the guideway 25a and the movement
gun” i.e., ‘the projectile ?ts into the barrel of the gun com
of the ears 26 and 26' and the longitudinal lips 32 and
pressing a launching spring 12 and is held for later re
32' along the portion of the barrel adjacent the slot 23a.
lease by a trigger mechanism 13. ‘Loading the projectile
The rearward, downward movement of the latch 24 forces
into the barrel of the gun serves to “set” a portion of a
the projectile rearwardly and further compresses the
sound-producing means in the projectile, as shown in FIG
launching spring 12 until the latch 24 is lowered su?i
produced its delayed sound effect.
l
3,044,213
ciently to be disengaged from the lip 29 of the projec
tile. The launching spring 12 then expands, propelling
the unrestrcted projectile forward.
The grenade-projectile portion of the embodiment is
shown in detail in FIGURES 2, 3, 6 and 7. Brie?y,
the sound-producing means includes a spring-loaded
hammer 33 which explodes a cap 34 at a predetermined
time to produce the desired explosion noise and a vibrat
ing reed 55 and soundbox 56 which produce a build-up
4
It carries a ?at detonating head 62 at its front end and
an extension 63- provided with an engaging lip 64 at its
rear end. A coiled ?ring spring 66 biases the hammer
33 to rotate about its pivot point 60 in a counter-clock
wise direction, and also to twist in the horizontal plane‘
so that extension 63 and the engaging lip 64 are urged
against the frame member 59 as indicated by the arrow
noise. A movable rack 35 carried by the projectile is
biased rearwardly ‘by a ‘driving spring 36 when the pro
jectile is disengaged from the gun. Then when the pro
jectile is engaged with the gun in the ready-to-launch
in FIGURE 6. The ?ring spring 66 coils about the pivot
point 60 of the hammer with one end 67 wrapped around
the front end of the hammer 33‘ and the other end 69
abutted against a pin 71 protruding from the frame 38'.
A center extension 61, which extends downwardly from‘
the hammer carries a cam-engaging-projection 68 which
position, the rack 35 is forced Iby the gun to a forward
is oriented so that the cam 37, as it moves toward its
position, placing the driving spring 36 in tension and 15 forward position, will abut against it, rotating the ham
mer against the action of the ?ring spring 66, thereby
causing a cam 37, which is carried on the front end of
the rack 35, to set the hammer 33 in its ready-to-?re
causing the detonating head 62 to be raised and the lip
position. When the projectile is launched, the driving
spring 36, which is thereby released, urges the rack 35
64 to slip over and engage with a lip 65 protruding from
the frame member ‘59. The hammer 33 in this ready-to
20 ?re position is indicated in FIGURE 3 and the engaging
to its rear position, where the cam 37 releases the ham
mer 33 which ?res the cap 34. The travel of the rack
35 rearwardly is retarded by an inertia Wheel 47 and its
lips 64 and 65 are shown in more detail in FIGURES 6
and 7.
associated gears 48 and 49, and clutch 50, to porduce
After the projectile has been launched, by pulling the
the desired delay period between the launching of the
trigger mechanism 13 and allowing the stronger launching
projectile and the noise representing its explosion. The 25 spring 12 to expand propelling the projectile forward,
rotation of the inertia wheel 47 which accompanies the
the rack 35 and cam 37 are freed from the force of that
rearward movement of the rack 35 excites the vibrating
spring 12 and are moved rearwardly by the force of
reed 55 and its associated soundbox 56 to produce a
the weaker driving spring 42. As shown in FIGURE 6,
build-up noise to lead up to the simulated “explosion.”
the rear edge 72 of the cam 37 is beveled, to engage with
To be more speci?c, the projectile comprises a hol— 30 the beveled forward edge 73 of the lip-carrying rear ex
‘low, elongated, generally cylindrical housing 37a and a
frame 38 held theren. The housing 37a has a removable,
blunted, conical nose section 39 (FIGURE 1) and an
integral elongated cylindrical rear portion 40 which in
tension 63 of the hammer so that as the cam approaches
its rearward position it pushes the extension 63 away
from the frame member 59, disengaging lip 64 from lip
65. The ?ring spring 66 drives the detonating head 62
serts into the launching chamber 21 of the gun and which 35 down upon the cap 34 with sufficient force to explode
has the circumferential lip 29 which, as noted above,
the latter. The cap 34 is positioned and supported upon
engages with the latch 24 to maintain the projectile in
an anvil 70 which is secured to the frame 38. The nose
the ready-to-launch position.
section 39 is removable to allow the child to position
The rack 35 moves horizontally along the axis of the
a cap 34 upon the anvil 70 before each launching of
projectile on rails 41 which are secured to the frame 38. 40
the projectile.
A pin 42, formed (by a rearward extension of the rack
The time-delay between the launching of the projectile
35 protrudes from the rear of the frame 38 into the rear
and the detonation of the cap, representing the projectile’s
portion 40 of the housing and abuts against the solid
“explosion,” is created by resisting the free rearward
front plate 43 of a perforated piston 44 which is slidably
movement of the spring-driven rack 35. The resistance
received within the rear portion 40 of the housing.
45 is accomplished by gearing the rack to the inertia wheel
The piston 44 is comprised of a solid front plate 43
47. The rack engages the small gear 48 which is co
and a solid rear plate 46 connected by four elongated
axially mounted with a large one-way-clutch member 50.
strips 52 and it protrudes outwardly from the rear end
The function of the clutch 50‘ is to disengage the inertia
of the rear portion 40‘ of the housing. The driving spring
36, which is a light duty compression spring, is carried 50 Wheel 47 from the rack 35 during the latter’s forward
motion so that the build-up noise maker is not excited
on the pin 42 and abuts at its front end against the rear
during the loading of the projectile into the gun. A flexi
of the frame 38 and at its rear end against an abutment
ble ?nger 51 is connected to the small gear 48 and is
plate 45 integrally formed at the rear end of the pin
The
oriented so as to engage internal notches in the clutch
limitation of travel is accomplished by having outwardly
as the rack 35 moves forward the ?nger 51 slips over
42 so as to urge the pin to a rearward position.
expansion of the spring 36 and the accompanying rear 55 '50 only when the rack 35 moves rearward driving the
small gear 48 in the counterclockwise direction. Thus,
ward travel of the pin 42 and piston 44 is limited. That
the notches in the clutch 50‘ and the clutch 50 is effectively
disengaged from the small gear 48. Gear teeth around
vided by the rear end 40 of the housing. The two 60 the periphery of the clutch 50 engage the teeth of the
second small gear 49' which is coaxial with and integrally
springs 36 and 12 are so oriented that when the projectile
connected to the large inertia wheel 47. As the rack,
is pushed into the barrel of the gun those springs are
when moving to a rearward position, is mechanically
effectively abutted end-to-end. As the driving spring
extending blocks 53, which are secured to the piston
strips 52, abut inwardly extending lips 54, which are pro
connected to the wheel 47, movement of the rack is re
36 is considerably lighter duty than the launching spring
12, when pressure is ?rst applied only the lighter spring 65 stricted by the ability of the driving spring 36 to put
the whole system including the wheel 47 into motion.
36 is compressed. Then When the driving spring 36 has
been compressed so that the rear plate 46 of the piston
44 solidly abuts the rear face of the rear portion 40‘ of
the housing, further rearward pressure on the projectile
serves to compress the launching spring 12.
70
Compressing the driving spring 36, advances the cam
37 to its forward position thereby setting the hammer
Accordingly, as the magnitude of the force which is avail
able to start the relatively large mass of the inertia wheel
47 moving is greatly reduced, by the chain of gears, from
the magnitude of the initial spring force, the wheel 47
and thus the whole system is accelerated slowly.
With reference to the build-up noise produced prior to
33 in the ready-to-?re position. The hammer 33 is a
the simulated explosion, the inertia wheel 47 has periph
generally elongated member loosely pivoted at a point
eral teeth ‘and the vibrating reed 55 is oriented so as to lie
designated by the numeral 60 in FIGURES 2 and 3. 75 upon those teeth and be exited by them when the inertia
3,044,213
wheel rotates.
The reed 55 is a?ixed to the sound box 56
which is in turn a?ixed to the frame 38 and which picks
up and ampli?es the vibrations of the reed.
The length of the time interval may be varied consid
erably by changing a number of different factors without
departing from the broad scope of the invention. Mere
ly by way of example, several such factors ‘are the length
and characteristics of the driving spring 42.
Obviously, many other changes may be made in the
embodimentherein described without departing from the 10
6
actuation of said sound-producing means by said actuat
ing means, said actuating means including a movable
member, which is movably held in said housing and which
is movable to several positions, biasing means which en
gage lsaid movable member thereby urging said movable
member into a ?rst position, said movable member being
moved to and held in a second position against the .force
of said biasing means by being abutted against the front
end of said gun when said projectile is placed in engage
ment with said gun prior to launching of said projectile
scope of the invention. Various of the features of the
from said gun, said movable member being free to move
invention believed useful and novel are set out in the fol
from said second position to said ?rst position under
lowing claims.
‘
force of said biasing means when said projectile is launched
I claim:
"
from said gun separating said movable member from its
1. In combination a delayed-action projectile and a 15 abutting engagement with the front end of said gun, said
gun for launching said projectile, said gun including a
movable member actuating said build-up noise-producing
launching spring means and trigger means for disengaging
means as said movable member moves to said ?rst posi
said projectile from said gun, said projectile comprising a
tion, said movable member engaging and thereby actuat
housing, sound-producing means contained in said hous
ing said explosion-simulating means when said movable
ing, actuating means which are engageable with said sound .20 member reaches said ?rst position, said inertia means be
producing means to actuate said sound-producing means,
ing connected to said movable member 'so as to delay the
said actuating means including a driving spring means
movement thereof from said second to said ?rst position
which abuts against said launching spring means thereby
whereby a time interval is created between the launching
stressing both said spring means when said projectile is
disengagement of said projectile and the actuation of said
in engagement with said gun prior to the launching of said 25 explosion-simulating means.
projectile, said launching spring means being stronger than
4. A projectile toy comprising, in combination, a de
said driving spring means so that when said projectile is
layed-action projectile and a launcher for launching said
released from engagement with said gun by said trigger
projectile, said projectile comprising a frame having there
means, said stressed launching spring means will propel
on means for producing a build-up sound, and other means
said projectile away from said gun and said actuating
for producing a climactic sound, drive means placed in
means will be actuated through movement of said stressed
operation by the launching of said projectile to actuate
driving spring means to engage said sound-producing
said means producing the build-up sound, and to actuate
means and to actuate said sound-producing means, and an
the means producing said climactic sound after a period
inertia means which is connected in controlling relation
of operation of said means producing the build-up sound,
to said actuating means and which operates to delay actu 35 and time delaying means controlling said drive means to
retard its operation to prolong the production of said
ation of said sound-producing means by said actuating
means for a length of time after said launching.
build-up sound and to delay the occurrence of said
climactic sound.
2. vIn combination a delayed-action projectile and a gun
for launching said projectile, said projectile comprising a
5. A projectile toy comprising, in combination, a de
layed-action projectile and a launcher for launching said
housing, sound-producing means contained in said hous
ing, actuating means engageable withrsaid sound-produc
projectile, said projectile comprising a frame, sound
ing means for actuating said sound-producing means, and
producing means supported on said frame, ‘drive means
supported on said frame for actuating said sound-produc
ing means, said drive means being placed in operation by
sound-producing means by said actuating means, said actu 45 the launching of said projectile, said'drive means includ
ing means for storing energy and movable means movable
ating means including a‘movable member which is mov
by therenergy storing means when said energy storing
ably held in said housing and which is movable to several
means releases energy to actuate said sound-producing
positions, biasing means which engage said movable mem-_
means, and time delaying means for controlling said mov
ber thereby urging said movable member into a ?rst posi
an inertia means which is connected to said actuating
means and which operates to delay the actuation of said
tion, said movable member being moved to and held in 50 able means to retard its movement to delay the occurrence
a second position against the force of said biasing means
by being abutted against the front end of said gun'when '
said projectile is placed in engagement with said gun prior
to launching'of said projectile from said gun, said mov
able member being free to move from said second posi
tion to said ?rst position under force of said biasing means
when said projectile is launched from said gun separating
said movable member from its abutting engagement with
the front end of said gun, said movable member engaging
said sound-producing means when said movable member m 0
moves to said ?rst position so as to actuate said'sound
producing means, said interia means being connected to
said movable member so as 'to delay the movement there
of from said second to said ?rst position whereby the actu
ation of said sound-producing means is delayed.
3. ‘In combination a delayed-action projectile and a
‘gun for launching said projectile, said projectile compris
ing a housing, sound-producing means contained in said
housing, said sound-producing means including build-up
noise-producing means and explosion-simulating means,
actuating means in operating relationship with said
sound-producing means for actuating said sound-produc
ing ‘means, and an inertia means which is connected to
of said sound.
-
-6. A projectile toy comprising, in combination, a
delayed-action projectile and a gun for launching said
projectile, said projectile comprising a housing, sound
producing means contained in said housing, drive means
contained in said housing for actuating said sound-pro
ducing means, said drive means being placed in operation
by the disengagement of said projectile from said gun
incident to the launching of said projectile, said drive
means including a spring for storing energy and a mov
able member movable by the spring when said spring re
leases energy to actuate said sound-producing means, and
inertia means for controlling said movable member to
retard its movement to delay the occurrence of said sound.
7. A projectile toy comprising, in combination, a de-,
layed-action projectile and a launcher for-launching said
projectile, said projectile comprising a frame, sound-pro
ducing means supported on said frame, latching means
connected to said sound-producing means to prevent oper
ation thereof, said sound-producing means operating to
produce a sound upon release of said latching means,
operating means connected to release said latching means
and actuated by the launching of said projectile from said
said actuating means and ‘which operates to delay the 75 launcher, and time delaying means associated with said
operating means in controlling relation thereto to delay
3,044,213
7
8
substantially the release of said latching means following
launching of said projectile, thereby to delay the produc-
1,063,095
1,285,287
Wieser ______________ __ May 27, 1913
McDaniel _____ __' ____ __ Nov. 19, 1918
tion of the sound by said sound-producing means.
2,685,253
Apotheloz ____1 _______ __ Aug. 3, 1954
-
-
-
References Cited 1n the ?le of th1s patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
972,425
Wilson et a1 ____________ .. Oct. 11, 1910
5
2,872,866
Brown et al.___; ______ __ Feb. 10,‘ 1959
2,897,630
Horowitz et a1 __________ __ Aug‘ 4, 1959
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