close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3044430

код для вставки
July 17, 1962
G. w. FRANZHElM
3,044,421
COMBINATION GAS FIRED INCINERATOR AND CHARCOAL BROILER
Filed May 25, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
/_ _
35
3
2ay
3
/
.Fu’
9
w
z
82“if
_ -ip
32
7
m
HG
,W.
I//
GE1
,AF1WMWNE,R
E
R
1S
m
..
July 17, 1962
3,044,421
G. w. FRANZHEIYM
COMBINATION GAS FIRED INCINERATOR AND CHARCOAL BROILER
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed May 25, - 1960
/2
//
A
3
I
- 1114252’:
‘I’
»
3m
2
37a
a
a%
x
a;
o,4
KJ\\xLI)WI
5
i
‘)
z
(I.
.“
I
O
iAIl! I
O
_? as
F
2”‘
gag-in
mjéi
‘a:1
.
.
/\KWXWM/8\Z63/
//
I‘./5m
41.3’
56Z
;
57
7.O
RA,
GEORGE W. FRANZHEIM
BY
ATTORNEYS.
July 17, 1962
G. w. FRANZHEIM
3 ,044,42 1
COMBINATION GAS FIRED INCINERATOR AND CHARCOAL BROILER
Filed May 25. 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
7
60mg. 6' 60
7
GEORGE W. F'RANZHEIM
75
Fig.
'
INVENTOR
ATTORNEYS .
United States Patent 0
..
1
1C6
3,044,421
Patented July 1?, 1962
’ 2
cry, respectively, between which the concentric shell
3,044,421
members 10 and 12 are received.
COMBINATION GAS FKRED INCINERATOR AND
CHARCOAL BROILER
This rear end plate
has an enlarged central opening 26 therethrough and at its
bottom it is formed with integral feet 27.
George W. Franzheim, Box 1, Valencia, Pa.
A circular door 28' has a concentrically positioned an-.
Filed May 25, 1960, Ser. No. 31,719
5 Claims. (Cl. 110--8)
nular ?ange 29 thereon, which is adapted to be received
within the enlarged control opening 26 in the rear end
plate 23. Over the area ‘within the annular ?ange 29
_ This invention relates to a combination gas ?red in
cinerator and a charcoal broiler.
there is placed on the inner face of the door 28a layer
Anobject of the present invention is to provide a gas 10 36 of asbestos. The door 28 is pivotally mounted on the
?red incinerator having a removable retort, which latter
incinerator by a hinge arrangement, which latter is com
can be removed and used as a charcoal broiler.
prised by ears 31—31 on the door, lugs 33-33 on the
feet 27-—27, and pins or bolts 32 connecting each car 31
Another object of the present invention is to provide
a gas ?red incinerator in which complete combustion is
monoxide.
A further object of the present invention is to provide
to the corresponding lug $3. Adjacent its top the door
23 is provided with a handle 35, which is secured thereto
by bolts or rivets 34. A catch 38 is pivotally mounted on
top of the outer shell 12 of the incinerator between paral
a gas-?red incinerator which is smaller in size and lighter
lel ears 36—36 on the latter by a bolt 37 extending through
obtained, thereby avoiding the production of carbon
in iwelght than the known incinerators of the prior art
the ears and the catch, and serves to normally hold the
through the use of asbestos as the heat insulating medium, 20 door 28 in the closed position.
instead of ?re brick or ceramic material.
Parallel rail members 40-44) in the fonm of angle
A still further object of the present invention is to
members are mounted ‘within the inner shell member 10
provide a gas ?red incinerator which has a removable re
between the front end plate 13 and the rear end plate
tort wherein the heat of combustion is generated and
23, in chordally spaced relationship with the inner shell
shortly conducted to a chimney or flue.
25
_An additional object of the present invention is to pro
member.
.
The burner housing is open at'its rear end to register
with the opening 19 in the front end plate 13. The bot
tom plate 41 of the burner housing is elongated and ex
vide a gas ?red incinerator which will develop a minimum
of 1samoke when burning either garbage or household
.
tends beneath the parallel side rails 404-40, being slid
Still other objects, advantages and improvements will 30 ably mounted on brackets 3Q-39, which are secured to
become apparent from the following speci?cation taken
the wall of the inner shell member Iii, as by welding.
in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:
In such position the elongated bottom plate forms the
tras
?oor of the ?ame duct, to be later described. A front
wall 42 extends for only a part of the height of the
35 burner housing, and the side walls 43—-43i are slanted from
cording to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the combined gas
the top of the rear opening 19 to the top of the front
?red incinerator and charcoal broiler.
wall. The holes 44 are provided in one side wall 43 of
FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view, taken on the section
the burner housing for two gas supply tubes, to be later
line 3—3 and looking in the direction of the arrows,
described. A cover 46 ?ts over the slanted sections of
through the combined gas ?red incinerator and char 40 the side walls 43—43. This cover is of expanded metal
coal broiler.
lath and provides for the admission of .air to support
FIG. 4 is a partial vertical sectional view, similar to
combustion in the incinerator. The cover is hinged to
FIG. 3, through the combined gas ?red incinerator and
the front wall 42‘ at 45, and has a knob 47 thereon ad
FIGURE 1 is a rear end elevational view of the com
bination gas ?red incinerator and charcoal broiler ac
charcoal broiler, showing the door in partially open posi
jacent its opposite side for swinginglsame to and from the
end plate has integrally formed feet 2li—20 thereon.
The inner face of the front end plate within the area
surrounded by the inner annular ?ange '14, except over
the openings 16 and 19, is covered by a layer 21 of as
pilot light 51, this gas expands and causes the thermo
statically controlled valve 80 to open. When the pilot
light goes out, the gas contracts and allows the valve 80
45 closed position.
tion.
FIG. 5 is a partial front end elevational view of the
A pipe 79' leads from a gas main (not shown) to the
combined gas ?red incinerator and charcoal broiler.
main gas valve 80“, which is timer actuated and thermoé
FIG. 6 is a front end elevational view of the retort for
statically controlled. From the main gas valve 80 a
pipe 42 extends through one of the holes 44 in one of
the combined gas ?red incinerator and charcoal broiler.
FIG. 7 is a top plan view of the grill used in the retort.
the side walls 43 of the burner housing and is supported
Referring now to the drawings in detail and to FIG.
from the side wall by a bracket 48. This tube admits
3 in particular, the gas ?red incinerator is here shown
gas under pressure from the valve 86, which is set ac
cording to the kind and amount of trash to be burned.
as enclosed by a housing. This housing is comprised
Aligned with the exit opening of the tube 49 there is a
principally by two concentrically positioned shell members
19 and 12. Between the shell members 10 and 12 there 55 Venturi tube 5i}, which latter is supported from the
front end plate 13. Two gas lines 51 and 52 enter the
is an annulus 11 of asbestos. A front end plate 13 has
burner housing through one of the holes 44 in the side
concentrically positioned annular ?anges 14 and 15 adja
wall 43 and extend to a point opposite the exit end’of
cent and at its periphery, respectively, between which
the Venturi tube 59 where they are supported by a
the concentric shell members .10 and 12 are received. A
60
bracket 53. This bracket is in turn mounted on one of
?ue opening 16 is formed in this end plate and is sur
the parallel side rails 40. The line 51 is the gas supply
rounded by a collar 17 for the attachment of a stove
for the pilot light 51'. The line 52 extends from a
pipe, this collar being secured to the end plate by screws
closed tube 52’, which is positioned in front of the
or rivets 13. Adjacent its bottom the front end plate 13
pilot light 51’, back to the control valve 80. The tube
has an opening 19 therein for the reception of the burner
52' contains a volatile insert gas. When heated by the
assembly, to be later described. At its bottom the front
bestos.
A rear end plate 23 has concentrically positioned an
nular ?anges 24 and 25 thereon adjacent and at its periph
70
to close.
,
The retort is shown in FIGS. 3 and 6. It is principally
made of sheet metal, preferably “Nicroloy.” The lat
ter is a very high heat resisting stainless steel, having a
3,044,42 1
large percentage of chromium or nickel.
ing point of 3000“ F. and a recalescent
2800° F.,- whereas the normal operating
the incinerator should not exceed 1500“
It has a melt- ‘
point of about
temperature of
_ For use as a garbage or trash burner it will be under
ends 56—56, and a bottom 57.- ‘A closure is provided in
stood that the incinerator is connected to the ?ue opening
in a chimney by a’suitable pipe which surrounds the collar
17 on the front end wall13.v The garbage or trash to be
burned is placed within the retort and the latter within
the incinerator. The ?ame from the burner 50, passes
the form of two plates .58—58, each adapted to cover ’
half the top area on the opposite side of the longitudinal
through the ?ame duct comprised by the side walls 64-64
and top 65 of the lengthwise extending re-entrant bot
center line and each having a downwardly depending
tom of the retort and the elongated bottom 41 of the
F. The retort
is of metal parallelepiped shape. It hassides 54—54,
?ange 59 along one side at both ends, which ?ange is 10 burner housing, the space between the door 28 of the
incinerator and the rear end wall 56 of the retort, and
adapted to receive the upper parts of the sides 54-54
and the ends 56—56, when the closure is in the operative
. into the space between the inner shell member 10 of the
position. The closure plates 58-58 are mounted on the
incinerator and the closure 58—58 of the retort, in the
respective side walls 54—54 by hinges 61-61. At spaced
manner of a reverbatory furnace.
intervals in the side walls 54-54 there are formed holes
55 which admit air to support combustion.
Inverted L-shaped lugs 60—-60 are welded to the ‘bot
tween'the inner shell member 10 of the incinerator and
the closure 58—58 of the retort, the ?ame passes out of
the opening 16 in the front wall 13 of the incinerator
tom 57 of the retort. These lugs are so positioned that
and the connected pipe (now shown). Part of the ?ame
is diverted, going through the vertically positioned re
their downwardly depending ?anges are adapted to be
received within the upwardly extending ?anges on the
rails 40—40, when the retort is in place, within the in
cinerator. One end wall 56 of the retort is provided with,
From the space he
entrant portion at the rear end of the retort, through the
holes 68 in the side walls 64A—64A, and top 67 of this
' re-entrant portion, and into the retort itself, where com
bustion takes place. Air for supporting combustion at
a pull handle 62, which is spot-welded, thereto, for with- '
drawing the‘ retort from the incinerator. When the re
the burner 50 enters through the holes 44—44 in the side
tort is in position within the incinerator, it abuts astop 25 walls 43 of the, burner housing and goes partly to the com
22 in the form of an angle member positioned interiorly
bustion chamber comprised by the side walls 64—64,
and chordally of the front end plate 13.
and top 65 of the re-entrant bottom of the retort and the
Along its longitudinal center line the bottom plate 57
elongated'bottom 41 of the burner housing. The air in
of the retort is formed with a lengthwise extending re
part also goes through the space between the front wall
entrant duct, comprised by side Walls 64—64, parallel 30 13 of the incinerator and the front wall 56 of the retort,
respectively to the side walls 54—54 of the retort and
a top 65. The side walls tit-64 and top 65 form, along
vwith the bottom plate 41 of the burner housing, a ?ame
through the spaces between the inner shell member 10
of the incinerator and the side walls 54-—54 of the retort,
through the holes 55 in these side walls and to the interior
of the retort, where it supports combustion. The gaseous
products of combustion pass out of the retort through the
hole 69 in the latter, the registeringvhole 16 in the front
end wall 13 of the incinerator and the connecting pipe
duct. At the end of the retort which faces the rear end
' 23 of the incinerator, there is provided a second and
vertically extending re-entrant duct, which is comprised
by extensions 64-A, 64-A of the side walls 64-64, end
Holes 68 in the end wall 66 and
(not shown).
top 67 provide for the admission of ?ames to the retort.
Carbon monoxide is eliminated from the products of
The gases of combustion pass out of the retort’ through a 40 combustion by what is here termed the “after-burning”
hole 69 in the front end wall 56, which faces the front
effect. Air in excess of that required to support combus
end wall 13 of the incinerator and approximately regis
tion also passes with the ?ames through the duct com
ters with the hole 16 in the latter, when the retort is in
prised by the side walls 64—64 and top 65 of the men
position within the incinerator. The hole 69 is surrounded
trant bottom portion of the retort and the elongated bot
by a collar 70, to which a stove pipe (not shown) may ~
tom 4-1 of the burner housing, through the holes 68 in the
be connected, as will later be described.
side walls 64A—64A, the end wall 66 and the top 67 of
7 wall 66 and a top 67.
The griddle is shown in FIG. 7. It is comprised prin
cipally by a reticulated, member, . formed of pairs of
lengthwise extending rods 72-72 and 73—73 and cross
rods 74, suitably welded torthe pairs of rods 72-72 and ;
73—73 at the points of cross over. The centrally posi
tioned rods _73—73 are formed from a single element,
which latter is suitably bent in three dimensions to form
a pull handle 75. Side wings are comprised by plates
76—76, each of which has a ?ange 77 along its ends and 1
'the inner edge. The sidewings 76-76 are secured to
the vertically positioned re-entrant portion of the retort,
and into the retort itself. In passing through the length
wise extending duct comprised by the side walls 64—64
and the top wall 65’of the re-entrant portion of the bot—
tom of the retort that air becomes pre-heated. The pre
heated air meets with the burning gaseous products of
combustion within the retort and any incompletely burned
components of these products, such as carbon monoxide,
are there fully burned.
The retort may be removed from the incinerator and
used out in the yard as a deep ?re broiler for broiling
griddle iby hinges 78—78, and the side wings are of such
steaks. Due to its light weight, it may be taken on a pic
width that they approximately abut along their outer
me and used for the same purpose. Charcoal may be
edgeson the longitudinally center line of the griddle, 60 placed within the retort and ignited in the usual manner,
the outer longitudinally extending rods 72~72 of the
when folded onto the latter.
-
~The outstanding feature of the incinerator according to
the present invention is that it may be readily disassembled
in a few seconds by removing the retort. This is possible
because of the slidable mounting of the retort on the side
rails 40—40 and theswingable door 28. With the retort
removed, all inside surfaces, including, of ‘course, the
corners, can be thoroughly cleaned. This is in marked
contrast to the incinerators available from’ commercial
gas distribution companies.
The latter are invariably
ceramic lined and they cannot 'be disassembled and
cleaned. After same have had a few weeks or months of
use unburned fuel and grease accumulate in inaccesssible
cracks and corners, and the resultant odors attracts ver
min, roaches, rats, mice, ants, etc.
such as pouring lighter ?uid over the same and touching
a'match. The closure plates 58-58 are swung to the
horizontal position, where they are in‘ approximately the
same horizontal plane as the tops of the side walls 54—54
and end walls 56—56 and are held in this position by
the ?anges 59—5‘9 along their inner edges abutting the
side walls.54—54 of the retort. The griddle 74 is then
placed over. the open top of the retort, with the wings
76-76 resting on the out-turned closure plates 58—58
respectively; :For fast broiling, the wings 76—76 are
folded over the steaks; for slower broiling, the wings may
be left in the position shown in FIG. 7, that is spread out.
In such position, the griddle 74 and wings 76-76 have a
combined area about two-thirds (%) of a square foot,
75 and will hold up to three (3) porterhouse steaks at a
3,044,421
5
6
time, if the latter are properly ?rst trimmed to size. The
wardly from the adjacent end wall of the retort, and a top
positioned above the top of the ?ame duct, pivoted com
steaks can be completely broiled within twenty (20)
minutes of the time after the ?rst has been lighted.
Due to the deep ?re feature, that is the area of combus
tion being considerably below the steak being broiled,
the fat which runs out of the meat will not catch on ?re
and deposit a sooty coating on the meat, as is the case
with the conventional shallow charcoal broilers on the
market.
,
The retort may be used within the incinerator for the
indoor broiling of steaks in the above described manner,
except that the closure plates 58—58l cannot be left in
plementary closures on said retort, and lugs on the bot
tom of said retort engaging the rails for slidably position
ing the retort within the incinerator.
4. An incinerator comprised by a cylindrical double
side wall with heat insulating material therein, an end
wall with heat insulating material thereon closing one
end of the incinerator and having an exit opening adja
10 cent its top :for the gaseous products of combustion and
a burner opening adjacent its bottom, a door also with
heat insulating material thereon closing the other end of
the outwardly swung position shown in FIG. 7, but must
be folded over the top of the retort, before the latter is
the incinerator, rails extending lengthwise of the incin
of the incinerator for the indoor broiling of steaks, again
elongated plate thereon extending beneath said rails, a
right angle parallelepiped retort in said incinerator having
erator between the end wall and the door, a burner hous
placed within the incinerator. It may also be used outside 15 ing over the burner opening in the end ‘wallhaving an
in the above described manner, if a suitable pipe is con
nected to the collar 70 on the retort and extended to the
?ue opening in a chimney.
holes in its side walls and a ?ame duct through its bottom
comprised by walls ‘spaced inwardly from and parallel to
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim 20 the side walls of the retort and extending upwardly from
as new and useful and desire to secure by Letters Patent
the elongated plate on the burner housing and a top spaced
of the United States is:
above and parallel to the ‘bottom of the retort, pivoted ,
1. An incinerator comprising a cylindrical double
complementary closures on said retort, and lugs on the
side wall with heat insulating material therein, an end
bottom of said retort engaging the rails ‘for slidably posi
wall with heat insulating material thereon closing one end 25 tioning the retort within the incinerator.
of the incinerator and having an exit opening at its top
5. An incinerator comprising a cylindrical double side
for the gaseous products of combustion, a door also with
wall with heat insulating material therein, an end wall
heat insulating material thereon closing the other end of
with heat insulating material thereon closing one end of
the incinerator, a burner positioned in the bottom of the
the incinerator and having an exit ‘opening adjacent its
incinerator, rails extending lengthwise of the incinerator 30 top for the gaseous products of combustion, a stop on
between the end wall and the ‘door, a right angle paral
said end wall, a door also with heat insulating material
lelepiped retort in said incinerator having holes in its side
thereon closing the other end of the incinerator, a homer
walls, and a channel longitudinally ‘of its bottom extend
positioned in the bottom of the incinerator, rails extend
ing from the burner to the door, pivoted complementary
ing lengthwise of the incinerator between the end wall
closures on said retort, and lugs on the bottom of said re
and the door, a right angle parallelepiped retort of lesser
tort engaging the rails for slidably positioning the retort
height than the diameter and lesser length than the length
within the incinerator.
of the incinerator and having holes in its side walls and a
2. An incinerator comprising a cylindrical double side
?ame duct through its bottom extending from the burner
wall with heat insulating material therein, an end wall
to the door comprised 'by walls ‘spaced inwardly ‘from and
with heat insulating material thereon closing one end of
parallel to the side walls of the retort and a top spaced
the incinerator and having an exit opening adjacent its
' above and parallel to the bottom of the retort, pivoted
top for the gaseous products of combustion, a door also
complementary closures on said retort, and lugs on the
with heat insulating material thereon closing the other
bottom of said retort engaging the rails for slidably posi
end of the incinerator, a burner positioned in the bottom
tioning the retort within the incinerator and against the
of the incinerator, rails extending lengthwise of the incin 45 stop on the end wall to provide a continuous ?ame pas
erator between the end wall and the door, a right angle
sage through the ?ame duct in the bottom of the retort,
parallelepiped retort in said incinerator having holes in
between the door and the adjacent end wall of the retort,
its side walls and a ?ame duct through its bottom extend
and between the top of the incinerator and the top of the
ing from the burner to the door comprised by walls spaced
retort to the exit opening in the end wall.
inwardly from and parallel to the side walls of the retort 50
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
and a top spaced above and parallel to the bottom of the
retort, pivoted complementary closures on said retort,
UNITED STATES PATENTS
,
and lugs on the bottom of said retort engaging the rails
Re. 19,214
for slidably positioning the retort within the incinerator.
924,315
3. An incinerator comprising a cylindrical double side
1,050,317
wall with heat insulating material therein, an end wall
1,147,189
with heat insulating material thereon closing one end of
1,265,627
the incinerator and having an exit opening adjacent its
1,724,575
top for the gaseous products of combustion, a door also
with heat insulating material thereon closing the other 60 1,836,894
1,878,110
end of the incinerator, a burner positioned in the bottom
1,847,004
of the incinerator, rails extending lengthwise of the incin
2,127,328
erator between the end wall and the door, a right angle
2,424,665
parallelepiped retort in said incinerator having holes in
2,560,184
its side walls and a ?ame duct comprised by walls spaced
2,616,360
inwardly from and parallel to the side walls of the retort
and a top spaced above and parallel to the bottom of the
retort, a re-entrant ?ame duct at one end of the retort
comprised by upward extensions of the side walls of the
?ame duct having holes therein, an end wall spaced in 70
2,598,067
2,802,434
2,927,524
2,985,164
Howle _______________ __ June 19,
Buehring _____________ __ June 8,
Watson et al. _________ __ Jan. 14,
Rue _________________ __ July 20,
Dickey _______________ __ May 7,
Graver ______________ __ Aug. 13,
Bedigain ________ __,_____ Dec. 15,
Cole ________________ _._ Sept. 20,
Grinter ______________ __ Feb. 23,
1934
1909
1913
1915
1918
1929
193.1
1932
1932
Egan ________________ __ Aug. 16, 1938
Pope ________________ __ July 29, 1947
Norman _____________ __ July 10,
Thompson ____________ .._ Nov. 4,
O’Brien ______________ __ May 27,
Dowse ______________ __ Aug. 13,
Luff __________________ __ Mar. 8,
Imoto _______________ __ May 23,
1951
1952
1952
1957
1960
1961
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
714 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа