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Патент USA US3044540

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July 17, 1962
J. JONES
3,044,530
COMBINATION s'run VICE AND TUBE FLARING APPARATUS
Filed Oct. 6, 1958
2 Sheets—Sheet 1
v
INVENTOR.
James Jones
BY '
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July 17, 1962
J. JONES
3,044,530
COMBINATION STUD VICE AND TUBE FLARING APPARATUS
Filed Oct. 6, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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INVENTOR.
James James
BY
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Unite
States Patent
1
3,044,530
COMBINATION STUD VICE AND TUBE FLARING
APPARATUS
James Jones, 222 1st St., Olyphant, Pa.
Filed Oct. 6, 1958,_Ser. No. 765,595
3 Claims. (Cl. 153-805)
My invention relates to improvements in machine shop
apparatus and has for its primary object to provide a
" ice
,~ 3,M4,53G
Patented July 17, 1962
2
will be drilled for dilferent standard ?ne thread sizes such
as 1/2", 7/16", 3/s", 5/16" and 1A", respectively. ' However,
the corresponding hole portions 16', 17’, 18', 19' and
20’ which open from the bottom surface of the vice, as
shown in FIG. 6, will be drilled for corresponding coarse
thread sizes.
The upper portions of the aforementioned holes 16,
17, 18, 19 and 20 which open from the top surface of
the vice 10 as shown in 'FIG. 1, will have outwardly flar
novel vice form device‘which is adapted for ‘securely 10 ing entry ends 16a, 17a, 18a, 19a and 20a, respectively,
holding the differently threaded ends of the studs while
the other ends thereof are being threaded and which is
also available for holding one or a plurality of dilferent
for use in ?aring the ends of tubes such as 32 in FIG. 2,
which extend through the respective holes 16, 17, etc.
This matter of tube end ?aring will be referred to later
sized tubes while ends thereof are being ?ared, the device
on in connection with the description of FIG. 2.
incorporating preferably detachable means for this latter 15
Also to be noted is the fact. that the upper surfaces
purpose.
of the intermediate section 13 and the other outer vice
The invention further contemplates a highly e?icientv ‘ section 12 also provide the opposed and nearly semi-cir
device as characterized which is simple in construction,
cular cutouts which provide the different sized holes 21,
strong and durable, relatively inexpensive to manufacture,
22, 23, 24,, and 25 which are each of uniform diameter
and which can be readily mounted in or removed from 20 throughout and extend all the Way through the vice 10. '
a conventional bench vice.
Invention also resides in certain novel features of con
These holes provide the respective differently threaded
upper portions 21", 22", 23", 24", 25” and lower por
tions 21', 22', 23’, 24' and 25’.
struction, combination and arrangement of the various
parts and in modes of operation thereof, as will be readily
The upper portions of the holes 21, 22, 23‘, 214 and
understood.
25 which are provided by vice sections 13, 12 will be:
Although a now preferred example of my inventive
tapped for standard ?ne thread sizes such as 1", 7/8", 3/4 ",
concept has been illustrated, it is to be understood that
5/8”, and %6”, respectively. On the other hand, the
same can be variously changed and modi?ed within the
respective lower hole portions 21', 22', 23’, 24' and 25’
spirit and scope of the subject matter claimed herein
will be tapped for the standard coarse thread.
after.
It should be mentioned that the respective upper and
In the drawings, wherein the same reference characters
lower portions of holes 16, 17, etc. and 21, 22, etc.
have been used to designate the same parts throughout
are separated by unthreaded portions constituting shoul
the several vieWs-—
ders 26-, as indicated in FIGS. 2 and 3.
FIG. 1 is a top surface-illustrating perspective view
In the construction of the vice 10, the sections 11, 12
of my novel stud or tube gripping vice without the tube 35 and 13 will be assembled with opposed faces in flat con
?aring member thereof, the vice being adapted to be
tact with one another whereupon the registering holes 16,
clamped between the jaws of a conventionalbench vice;
17, etc., and 21, 22, etc., will be drilled and subsequently
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view through the vice of
appropriately threaded. However, after the holes have
FIG. 1, but showing the tube ?aring means assembled
1.1.0 been drilled and threaded as described, the opposed faces
therewith;
of the sections 11, 12, 13 will the milled away substan
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on the
tially so that the opposed holes 16, 21, etc., de?ning cut
line 3—3 of FIG. 1;
outs will be less than semi-circular so as to provide trans
FIG. 4 is a detail view of a conventional Allen Wrench
verse gaps 28 between sections 11, 13 and 13, 12 and of
course between opposed halves of the threaded holes
45
vice sections together;
when tubes or threaded stud ends are gripped therein.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of the vice
This makes for better gripping as will ‘be obvious. A Any
showing the threaded end of a stud secured in one of
desired number of the section 13, 12 provided holes such
the vice-provided holes; and
as 23, 24 can have entry ends bevelled ‘as indicated at
FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the vice of FIG. 1. 50 23a, 24a, for tube ?aring, as will be hereinafter explained.
which is used for operating the screws which hold the
Referring to the drawings by reference characters, nu
FIG. 5 illustrates a stud 30 having its threaded end 30a‘
gripped in the threads of the hole 16 between the vice sec
tube gripping vice which comprises the longitudinally co
tions 11, 13. This stud 31 is in position to have its upper
extensive outer sections 11 and 12, and the similarly longi
end threaded by a hand operated-die, as usual.
tudinally coextensive intermediate section 13. The sec 55
Corning now to the matter of outwardly ?aring the end
tions 11, 12 and 13 of the vice are clamped together by
of a tube 32 as indicated in FIG. 2, a tube ?aring device
the transversely extending screws 15 which are received
indicated generally at 33 is assembled with vice 10. This
in the tapped and aligned holes 14, as indicated in FIG. 1.
tulbe ?aring device comprises the generally U-form yoke
Although only two securing screws 15 are shown, one
34 providing the legs 35 having inturned outer end lugs
adjacent each end, it will he understood additional ones 60 35a which slidably engage in the longitudinally extending
can be employed.
outer surface grooves 42 of sections 11, 12, as shown.
As indicated in FIGS. 1 and 6, the outer section 11
The bight portion of the yoke 34 has the bearing 36
and intermediate section 13 of the vice have opposed
which is o?set closer to one leg 35 than to the other, said
tapped and nearly semi-circular cutouts which extend the
bearing v36 receiving the pressure screw 37 having the cone
full depth of the sections 11, 12 and provide the differ 65 ended tube-?aring head 38 at its lower end. Head 38
meral 10 indicates generally my three section stud or
ently sized threaded holes 16, 17, 18, 19, and 20 which
extend through the vice 10 from top to bottom. These
holes provide the respective upper portions 16", 17",
18", 19" and 20" and lower portions 16’, 17', 18', 19'
provides conical tube-?aring surface 38a. The illustrated
offsetting of bearing 36 is to enable the tube-?aring head
38 to properly register with the upper ends of tubes 32
which are seated in holes of the series 21-25 or of the
and 20' which open from the bottom surface of the 70 series 16-20.
vice.
The upper end of the pressure screw 31 has the block
The upper hole portions 16", 17", 18”, 19", and 20"
39 secured thereto as at 40, said block carrying the lever
3,044,530
form cross bar 41, as indicated, for operation of pressure
screw 37.
I
It will be evident from FIG. 2 that when the pressure
screw 37 is forced downwardly the conical lower surface
38a of its head 38 will ?are the end of the tube 32 out
wardly against the ?aredcntry end 16a of hole 16 as
will be understood from an inspection of FIG. 2.
4
2. A device of the character described comprising a
sectional body comprising at least three substantially lon
gitudinally coextensive sections of substantially uniform
depth and providing opposed faces whereby to provide
outer and intermediate sections, said opposed faces hav
ing similar registering recesses extending through said
body in a depthwise direct-ion, each pair of opposed hole
providing recesses being curved in the arc of a differ
The screws 15 for securing vice sections 11, 12, 13 in
ent circle and comprising not more than. one hundred
assernlbly are preferably of the so-called “Allen” type with
squared sockets in their head ends so as to be operated by 10 eighty degrees of the latter, whereby to provide two later
ally spaced series of work-receiving holes extending
the squared end 27a of the Allen wrench 27 shown in FIG.
through said body, means drawing said sections toward
4. A storage recess 46 (see FIG. 1) is provided in one end
one another to thereby clamp work in said holes, each of
of vice section 10 for the handle end of the Wrench 27, the
said outer sections providing a longitudinally extending
laterally turned end thereof being engaged by a clip 43
exterior surface guide portion, an implement carrier pro
which is secured as at 44 to the end of the section 11 so
viding a head operable in opposition to at least one of the
as to retain the Wrench in its storing recess.
holed faces of said body, a depending arm carried by each
From the foregoing it will 1be apparent that the vice 10
of the opposite sides of said head and having a guide
will take twenty differently threaded studs and ten di?er
ent sizes of studs and tubes. As to the matter of tube end ' eng-aging portion slidably engaging the respective outer
section-provided guide portion, a work-engaging imple
?aring, it should be noted that this can be accomplished
ment carried by said head and so spaced from the sides of
without beveling the entry ends of holes as at 20a etc.,
the latter as to be selectively engageable with work which
although such beveling is preferable.
,
is gripped in di?'erent ones of the holes of each series, said
The yoke-form carrier 34 for the tube end beveler can
carrier being reversible to engage! its guide-engaging por
be readily slid into ‘and out of the opposite side-provided
tions with either of said outer section-provided guide por
grooves 42; and when located therein can be readily ad
tions whereby to selectively position said work-engaging
justed to align the head 38 with a tube end to be ?ared.
element in alignment with said respective series of holes.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:
3. The structure of claim 2, and said implement carrier
1. A stud or tube-gripping vice or the like comprising
positionable by said guide and guide-engaging portions
a sectional body comprising at least three substantially
longitudinally "coextensive sections of substantially uni- ' to selectively dispose said head and the implement carried
thereby in opposition to each of said holed faces and with
form depth and providing opposed faces whereby to pro‘
said implement in selective alignment with each of said
vide outer and intermediate sections, said opposed faces
having similar registering recesses extending through said
body in a depthwise direction, each pair of opposed hole
providing recesses being curved in the arc of a different
circle and comprising not more than one hundred eighty
degrees of the latter, whereby to provide two laterally
spaced series of work-receiving holes extending through
said body, means drawing said sections toward one an
other to thereby clamp work in said holes, said holes being
differently threaded for a predetermined distance inwardly
from opposite ends ‘thereof whereby to take, respectively,
differently threaded stud ends or the like of the same
diameter, and there being an annular unthreaded stud
stop-providing space separating the differently threaded 45
' portions of the respective holes so that studs can project
predetermined distances from opposite hole ends.
series of holes.
I a
> References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,120,029
2,241,091
Lilleberg _____________ __ June 7, 1938
Hood ________________ __ May 6, 1941
2,314,221
Kellems .'_ ____________ __ Mar. 16, 1943
2,438,989
Billman ______________ __‘ Apr. 6, 1948
2,459,910
2,489,360
2,534,510
2,892,480
Alvin ________________ __ Jan.
Bachli et ‘a1 ___________ __ Nov.
Frank _______________ __ Dec.
Franck ______________ __ June
25,
29,
19,
30,
1949
1949
1950
1959
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