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Патент USA US3044618

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July 17, 1962
Filed sept. 27, 1960
UnitedStates Patent O ” ce
and inner surfaces of the missile and container, respec
3 044 60S
acnähiGeorge 5. Brazeal, 11016 Westwood Blvd., Oxnard,
- views, there is shown in FIG. 1 a container 8 comprising
a hollow rigid cylindrical casing 10 provided with one or
more detachable end covers 12,*of the full-friction type,
lFiied Sept. 27, 1960, Ser. No. 58,860
3 Claims. (Cl. 2416-46)
(Granted under Titia 35, US. Code @952), sec. 266)
secured by clamping rings 13. The casing supports therein
a fragile article, `such as a missile 14, by means of a plu
The invention described herein may be manufactured
and used by or for the Government of the United States
of America for governmental purposes without the pay
rality of elastic, inflatable absorbers 16. The number of
longitudinally spaced absorbers 16 to be employed will
vary depending on the length and type of article to be sup
» ment of any royalties thereon or therefor.
This invention relates to shipping containers and more
particularly to a shipping container utilizing elastic-pneu
Referring to the drawing wherein like reference nu
merals designate similar parts throughout the several
Louis d. Bachleder, 931 Elm Court, Culver City, Calif.,
matic shock absorbers for supporting a fragile article
The transportation of delicate and costly instruments
and equipment, such as guided missiles, presents a unique
problem for the container must be capable of absorbing
various types of external transporting and handling forces
Y Patented July 17, 1962
As` each absorber 16 is identical in construction, the
15 description of one will suiiice for all.
Where the article
to be supported is cylindrical, the absorber has a body
portion conñgured as a toroid circumscribing a bore open
ing 18. With the absorber in a deflated condition (FIG.
3), the inner diameter of bore 18 is slightly more than
the diameter of missile 14 which is adapted to be posi
tioned therethrough, and the outer diameter of the body
and at the same time be compact and capable of facilitat
portion is slightly less than the inner diameter of casing 10.
ing loading and unloading the missile.
For example, in a container suitable for supporting a
For the most part, the prior art devices for transport
Sparrow type air-to-air missile having a diameter of 8
ing missiles or the like are large and cumbersome, ern 25 inches, the diameter of bore 1‘8, with the absorber in a
ploying heavy springs and/or saddle mechanisms. Thin
deflated condition, can be `81A inches and the diameter
walled iniiatable interconnected air chambers have been
of the absorber body is 17% inches compared to an inner
employed as shock absorbers with the obvious disadvan
casing diameter of 18 inches. In other words, a 1A; inch
tage that if the chambers were accidentally deflated or
clearance at 17 is provided in bore 1‘8 completely around
punctured there is an immediate loss of adequate protec 30 the missile, and a 1A inch clearance at 19 is provided
tion for the Vmissile from the various impact forces. In
in the casing 1d completely around the absorber. .f The
addition, difficulty was experienced in the assembly and
purpose of the clearances will be described later.
removal of the missiles in these prior art devices.
Each absorber body is lprovided with a corresponding
The present invention solves these problems by creat
configured central air passage 20, the air passages of ad
ing a container utilizing combined elastic and pneumatic 35 jacent absorbers being interconnected in a series arrange
shock absorbers. This is accomplished by providing a
ment by air hoses 22. Using flexible hoses will permit
plurality of spaced absorbers positionable in an outer
the absorbers to be stacked for storage or transportation.
rigid casing. Each absorber has a central core opening to
A suitable valve 24 located in one of the air hoses permits
receive and encircle the article to be supported, and in the
the simultaneous charging of all of the air passages with
case of a missile, the absorber may be configured as a 40 a suitable air pressure or the like from a low pressurized
toroid. Each absorber is constructed of elastic material
source, not shown. In the example of the deflated ab
and has a small centrally-positioned air passage extending
sorber heretofore described having a cross-sectional di
thereabout. The cross-sectional area of the air passage
arneter of the toroidal body of 4% inches, air passage 20
is small compared to the cross-sectional diameter of the
can be 1 inch in diameter and a suitable air pressure can
elastic material. The air passages in the absorbers are 45 be 3 to 5 p.s.i.
interconnected by an air hose and pressurized, after pack
The absorber body is constructed of an elastic material,
aging, through a suitable valve.
such as rubber, capable of slight expansion when inflated
A primary object of this invention is to provide an
to grip the adjacent'surfaces,.as will be explained, and,
improved iniiatable shipping container.
yet, suiiiciently iirm to be noncollapsible so as to retain
Another object is to provide such a container with 50 its cross-'sectional configuration and act as a cushion to
inñatable absorbers capable of absorbing shock after ac- _
protect the missile from impact in the event of accidental
cidental deiiation.
deiiation such as by puncturing or leakage.
A further object is to provide shock absorbers that
The missile is packaged into the container by first in
will retain their configuration in a deñated condition to
sertion freely through the severaltoroidal absorbers 16,
permit the article to be slidably positioned therethrough. 55 being permitted by clearance 17, the absorbers being lon
Still other objects are to provide shock absorbers capa
gitudinally spaced on the missile in the desired positions.
The absorbers are then initially inflated through air
hoses 22, eliminating clearance 17 between missile and
absorbers, to grip the missile skin sufficiently to prevent
ble of gripping both the article to be supported and
the outer rigid container to resist relative movement there
between; and to provide a container that is light-weight,
simple and inexpensive.
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages
of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same
become better understood by reference to the following
detailed description when considered in connection with
longitudinal displacement when the assembly is inserted
into casing 10. The missile and the assembled absorbers
readily slide into 'casing without dislocation of the ab
sorbers because a portion of clearance 19 still exists be
tween the absorbers and the inner casing wall. When
the accompanying drawings wherein:
65 the assembled missile and absorbers are properly oriented
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of the novel container, par
in the casing, elastic absorbers 16 are then further inñated
tially in section, showing the several shock absorbers in
to eliminate completely the clearance 19 between ab
an inflated condition through pneumatic interconnection
sorber and casing and tightly grip the ‘latter to prevent
between the shock absorbers;
longitudinal movement therebetween. The final inñation
FIG. 2 is an end view of the containers; and
70 of the absorbers also’simultaneously increases the gripping
FIG. ,3 is a partial cross-section taken through one of
force between the absorbers and the missile. Elastic end
said absorbers prior to inliation showing the spaced outer
bumpers 26 and 28 may be positioned adjacent casing
covers 12 to protect the nose and tail of the missile from
accidental metal-to-metal Contact.
The «present invention provides a container for trans
tral air passage coextensive with said absorber, means for
iniiating the absorbers through said air passages, said ab
sorbers capable of expanding radially inwardly and out
porting fragile elongate articles which utilizes elastic
pneumatic shock absorbers that facilitate packaging and
wardly, the cross-sectional area of each air passage being
ensure protection to the Varticle from impact forces in "the
event of accidental deflation of the absorbers. In addition,
the longevity of container is increased since damaging the
`outer casing by denting and the like does not adversely
affect the positioning of the absorbers nor the removal 10
tive absorber whereby each absorber retains its original
configuration when deflated to cushion the article from
shock to which the casing may be subjected.
then slid into the casing.
a minor portion of the cross-sectional area of the respec
2. The container of claim l wherein the air passages
of adjacent absorbers are interconnected by a flexible hose.
of a transported article.
3. The container of claim l wherein each shock ab
l Obviously many modiñcations vand variations of the
sorber in a deflated condition provides a clearance be
present invention are possible in the light of the above
tween the article and the absorber `which is less than the
teachings. Itis therefore to be understood that the inven
clearance between the absorber and the casing whereby
tion may Ibe practiced otherwise than as >specifically de 15 the absorber can 'be initially in-ñated to grip the article and
We claim:
1. A container for transporting a fragile elongate article
comprising a rigid outer casing having a longitudinal axis,
a plurality of longitudinally spaced apart shock absorbers 20
positioned in the casing each shock absorber having a
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
Milliron _____________ __ Aug. 18, 1914
axis aligned with the longitudinal axis of the casing, said
absorbers being of a size initially to tit loosely Within the
casing in alignment with the casing axis, each of said abi
Butler ________________ __ June 5, 1923
Hutchinson ___________ __ Nov. 21, 1944
sorbers being made of an elastic material having a cen
Couse _______________ „__ Sept. 211, 1948
Matthews et al _________ __ Feb. 24, 19‘5'9
Kerstner et al _________ __ Sept. l5, 1959
bore opening for receiving said article and having Y an
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