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Патент USA US3045644

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July 24, 1962
3,045,634
c. T. DORSEITT
ANCHOR LINE RETAINERS
Filed Aug. 51. 1959
.TL
.l
INVENTOR.
CLARENCE 7 0025577!
BY/ 9, @242»
ATTORNEY
3,645,634
United States
Patented July 24, 1962
1
2
3,045,634
stated in essentially summary form that it concerns
anchor line retainers which are used in combination with
a boat hull. Each of these retainers includes a hook
means adapted to be mounted upon such a boat hull,
ANCHOR LINE‘ RETAJNERS
_
.
Clarence T. Dorsett, 1029 Holly Ave, Arcadia, Calif.
Filed Aug. 31, 1959, Ser. No. 837,204
such hook means being capable of being actuated from
10 Claims. (Cl. 114-—210)
the interior or forepeak of the boat hull so as to either
hold or release an anchor rope when an anchor is in use.
This invention pertains to new and improved anchor
line retainers.
An anchor line is normally attached to either a deck
The anchor line retainer devices of this invention also in
clude actuating means attached to each of these hook
of a boat, or a portion of a boat adjacent to the deck so
means so as to be used in controlling the operation of
as to extend therefrom directly away from the boat when
an anchor is being used. When anchor lines extend from
boats in this manner they present a hazard to other boats.
This invention is best more fully described by referring
directly to the accompanying drawing. In FIG. 1 there
the hook means employed.
is shown an anchor line retainer 10 of the present inven
tion mounted upon a boat hull 12 adjacent to the water
line 14 of this hull. The hull 12 includes topsides cov
ered by means of a conventional deck 16. In securing
the retainer 10 in position a circular hole 18 is formed in
the hull 12 in the general vicinity of the water line 14.
to a boat may, of course, follow from such an eventual
ity. Also a comparatively expensive anchor is usually 20 Preferably this hole 18 includes an internal shoulder 20
which faces the exterior of the hull 12.
lost when such an anchor line is severed.
The retainer 10 includes a collar 22 upon the exterior
An object of the present invention is to provide new
of which there is formed a ?ange 24. This collar 22 is
and improved anchor line retainers. A more speci?c
located within the hole 18 so that the ?ange 24 is posi
object of this is providing anchor line retainers which
tioned adjacent to the shoulder 20. Preferably the ?ange
are primarily intended to be used with relatively small
24 is separated from the shoulder 20 by means of a small
boats, and which are designed so as to hold an anchor
sealing ring 26 in the nature of a common gasket or the
line with respect to such a boat so as to extend from the
like. The collar 22 may be held in place by means of
lower portion of the hull of such a boat when in use.
a plurality of small bolts 28 or other equivalent means
It will be realized that an anchor line extending in this
securing the ?ange 24 directly to the hull 12.
position is su?iciently low so that it does not present a
The interior of the collar 22 is provided With a series
signi?cant hazard to other boats and so that the chances
of serrations 30 which are bonded to the peripheral edge
of its being severed in the water are substantially re
of a ?exible disc 32 formed of rubber, polychloro
duced.
prene
or other equivalent material. This disc 32 is pro~
Another object of the present invention is to provide
anchor line retainers as herein described which are 35 vided with a center opening 34 which is bonded to similar
serrations 36 on the shank 38 of an elongated hook 40.
adapted to be actuated ‘from the interior or forepeak of
This hook 40 carries a curved end 42 located on the ex
a boat. A further object of the present invention is to
terior of the hull 12. The end 42 is located immediately
provide anchor line retainers of this type which are com
adjacent to a rigid retainer 44 extending from the ex
paratively simple to construct, which are very e?ective in
operation, and which may be easily and conveniently 40 terior of the hull 12 of the boat. Preferably this retainer
44 is formed integrally with the collar 22, ‘but if desired,
installed with a minimum of di?iculty. A related ob
it may include a separate base plate (not shown) secured
ject of this invention is to provide anchor line retainers
by screws or the equivalent (not shown) to the exterior
as herein described which may be easily and conveniently
of the hull 12.
used.
The end of the shank 38 generally within the hull 12
45
Other objects and'advantages of this invention will be
is pivotally secured by means of a pin 46 to an elongated
fully apparent to those skilled in the art to which this
rod 48. This rod 48 extends through the hull 12 of the
invention pertains from a detailed consideration of the
boat and through an opening 50 in the deck 16 and ter
remainder of this speci?cation, the appended claims and
This is important; it also is important that anchor hnes
extending in this manner are apt to be cut by propellers
or other parts of boats passing through an anchorage.
When this happens a boat originally secured by such an
anchor line is cast adrift. A number of consequences
(rininlgtes in a small knob-like handle 52 located on the
the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view showing a part of a 50
boat hull equipped with an anchor line retainer of this
invention, this view' being partially in section;
co
.
The use of the retainer 10 is comparatively simple.
When it is used an anchor rope (not shown) is attached
to the deck 16 or the hull 12 as desired in the conven
tional manner so as to extend from this hull. Either
FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 showing the use of 55 before or after an anchor (not shown) secured to this
FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of a part of the
boat hull and the anchor line retainer shown in FIG. 1;
this anchor line retainer;
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 2 of a modi?ed anchor
line retainer of this invention;
FIG’. 5 is‘ a rear elevational view taken in the direction
of line '5--5 in FIG. 4; and
FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 2 of a further modi
?ed anchor line retainer of this invention.
The'accompanying drawing is primarily intended so as
anchor line is dropped from the hull 12 in a conventional
manner the anchor line may be engaged by means of a
boat hook or the like (not shown) so as to be forced With
in the general vicinity of the curved end 42. At this point
60 the handle 52 may be moved so as to cause deformation
of the disc 32 so that the end 42 moves away from the
retainer 44. Through appropriate manipulation of such
a boat hook the anchor rope may be then inserted within
this end 42. After this is accomplished the handle 52 may
be released, and the inherent resiliency of the disc 32 to
ments or forms‘ of this invention. It will be realized from 65 return to its initial con?guration or position will ‘allow
a consideration of'this drawing and of this speci?cation
the end 42 to come back adjacent to the retainer 44.
that the basic features or principles of anchor line re
At this point such an anchor line (not shown) is held
tainers as described in this speci?cation can be embodied
in position so as to extend from the hull 12 in the de
in a number of dilferently appearing structures through
70 sired manner in order to prevent such a line from being
the use of or exercise of routine engineering skill.
a hazard, or being severed under the normal circum
As an aid to understanding this invention it can be
stances. When it is desired to retrieve an anchor, the
to clearly illustrate several presently preferred embodi
3,045,634
3
4
sequence of operations indicated may be essentially re
tremity of this retainer rod 110 is normally spaced a short
distance from the extremity of the curved end 94. Pref
versed so as to free the anchor line and allow it to be
pulled from the water.
In FIGS. 4 and 5 of the drawings there is shown a
modi?ed retainer 60 of the present invention which is
mounted within a hole 18' having a shoulder 20' both
erably an enlarged, elongated elastomeric sealing cylinder
114 is located within the opening 106 around the retainer
rod 110, and is held under pressure by means of a plug
116 threaded within the end of the opening 106 located
located in a boat hull 12’ substantially as previously de
scribed in conjunction rwith the retainer 10. This re
tainer 60 includes a plate 62, the outer periphery of
generally within the hull 12".
This curved end 74 is held with respect to the plate 62
by means of a small ?ange 76 on it bearing against this
plate 62. The end of the shank 70 remote from the end
ing at the curved end of the hook employed. Such
linear motion is caused by the ?ange 112 moving against
74 is threaded and carries a small washer 78 and a nut
cylinder when the rod 48" is pushed. When this rod
48" is released the inherent elasticity of the cylinder 114
With the retainer 90 a small arm 118 extends from the
washer 104 as shown in the drawing. This arm
which rests against the shoulder 20'. This plate is 10 118 carries a pin 120 acting as a fulcrum for a
secured so as to enclose the hole 18' by means of bolts
bell crank lever 122, one of the ends of which is piv
28' as previously described which draw it against a seal
otally connected by means of a pin 124- to an end of the
ing ring 26', corresponding to the ring 26 previously
retainer rod 110, the other of the ends of which is piv
described.
otally connected by means of another pin 126 to a rod
Within the center part of the plate 62 there is located 15 48" substantially as previously described.
a cylindrical hole 64, around the periphery of which
The retainer 90 may be used in substantially the same
within the plate 62 there are located grooves 66 con
manner as the retainer 10. The essential difference be
taining common elastomeric O-ring seals 68. In the
tween the retainer 90 and the retainer 10 lies in the fact
retainer 60 a shank 70 of a hook 72 extends through the
that in the retainer 10 a rotary type of motion of a hook
hole 64 so that a seal is formed by means of the O-rings 20 element is used which results from the de?ection or bend
68. A curved end 74 of the book 72, within this con
ing of a ?exible, elastomeric disc 32, while in the re
struction, is located on the exterior of the hull 12'.
tainer 90 linear motion is used so as to control the open
80 which retain the hook 72 in place at all times.
The shank 70 includes within the hull 12' a small boss
the sealing cylinder 114 so as to compress this sealing
acts against the ?ange 112 so as to move the retainer rod
82 which is secured by means of a screw 84 to a common
110 back to the initial position illustrated.
crank or lever arm 86. The end of this crank arm 86 30
Those skilled in the art to which the present invention
remote from the hook 72 is secured by means of a con
pertains will realize that various anchor line retainers as
ventional ball and socket type joint 88 to an end of a
herein described are very effective, e?icient devices for
rod 48' corresponding to the rod 48 previously described.
The use of the retainer 60 is very simple. When it is de
sired to hold an anchor line (not shown) with this retainer
anchor line retainers may be constructed with a minimum
amount of di?iculty at a nominal expense. They will
60 on an anchor (not shown) attached to such an anchor
line is dropped overboard from a boat in a conventional
further realize that they may be installed upon the hull
of the average ‘boat without any trouble, and that when
manner. This anchor line is engaged by a boat hook or the ~
installed, they may be easily and conveniently used for the
the purpose intended. They will further realize that these
like (not shown) and is brought down toward the hull
purposes intended.
12' so as to be held by the end 74 of the hook 72 when 40
Because of the nature of this invention it is to be con
this end is in the position shown in FIG. 4. When it is
sidered as being limited only by the appended claims
desired to retrieve an anchor attached to a line held in
forming a part of this disclosure.
this manner, the rod 48' is actuated so as to rotate the
1 claim:
hook 72 in order to permit such an anchor line to be
1. In combination: a boat hull having a top; hook
withdrawn or lifted from the end 74. After this is done 45 means capable of being actuated so as to hold and release
the hook 72 may be rotated back to its initial position
a rope mounted on said hull below said top, said hook
as shown in FIG. 4, or may be left in this ?nal position
means being located so as to extend through said hull from
until it is desired to use the retainer 60 again, ‘at which
the exterior thereof to the interior thereof; and actuating
time it may be rotated back to its initial position.
means secured to said hook means within the interior of
In FIG. 6 of the drawing there is shown a still further
said hull, said actuating means being capable of being
modi?ed anchor line retainer 90 of the present invention
actuated so as to cause said hook means to move from an
which is installed within a hole 18" in a hull 12", both
anchor line holding position in which said hook means
substantially as previously described. With the retainer
extends in a vertical plane upwardly away from said
90 a hook 92 having a curved end 94 is located on the
hull and then curves downwardly and terminates pointing
exterior of the hull 12" and is held so that an enlarged 55 generally towards said hull to an anchor line released
shank 96 extending from this end 94 goes through the
hole 18". The end of the shank 96 generally within the
position.
against the interior of this hull. Preferably, but not
necessarily, small sealing rings 26" are located between
the hull 12" and the ?ange 102 and between the hull
jacent to said retainer.
3. A structure as de?ned in claim 1 wherein said hook
2. A structure as de?ned in claim 1 wherein said hook
‘hull 12" is threaded and carries a conventional nut 98
means includes a shank, a retainer rigidly secured to
and a washer 104. In order to secure the hook 92 in
said hull, a curved end secured to said shank, and a
place it is preferred to draw up the nut 98 so that a ?ange 60 ?exible elastomeric disc ‘secured to said boat hull and
102 extending around the shank 96 hits against the ex
wherein said disc is secured to said shank so as to be
terior of the hull 12", and so that the washer 104 hits
normally held thereby with said curved end located ad
12" and the washer 104 so as to aid in the maintenance of
a seal.
means includes: a shank, and wherein said shank is rotat
ably mounted on said boat hull so as to be capable of rota
tion about its axis.
4. A boat anchor line retainer which comprises in com
bination: a boat hull having an opening formed therein;
The shank 96 includes an enlarged opening 106 lead
ing from the end of the shank located within the interior
of the hull 12". This opening 106 is connected to the 70 a ?exible elastomeric disc secured to said hull so as to
exterior of the hull 12" by means of a small hole 108.
cover said opening; a hook, said hook including a shank
A retainer rod 110 is slidably mounted so ‘as to extend
carried by the center portion of said disc and a curved
through both the opening 106 and the hole 108. A ?ange
end located on the exterior of said hull; a retainer secured
112 on this retainer rod 110 limits the movement of the
to the exterior of said hull adjacent to the extremity of
,retainer_110 toward the curved end 92 so that the ex 75 said culved end of said hook; and actuating means at
3,045,634
6
tached to said shank within said hull, said disc being ca
pable of temporary deformation upon movement of said
remote ‘from said hook, said hook being capable of being
actuating means so as to cause said curved end to move
rotated by movement of said actuating rod means.
9. A boat anchor line retainer which comprises in com
away from said retainer, said disc being capable of mov
bination: a boat hull having a top and a water line; a
ing said hook so that said curved end is located adjacent
to said retainer when said actuating means is released.
hook, said hook including a curved end extending trom
said hull on the exterior thereof ‘adjacent to said water
5. A boat anchor line retainer which comprises in com
line; retainer means slidably mounted so as to extend
bination: a boat hull having a top and \a water line; means
through said hull, said retainer means normally terminat
de?ning an opening through said hull adjacent to said
ing adjacent to the extremity of said curved end of said
water line; a collar secured to said hull around the pe 10 hook; and actuating means for moving said retainer means
riphery of said opening; a ?exible elastomeric disc secured
away from said extremity of said curved end of said hook
to said collar so as to cover said opening; a hook, said
and toward said extremity of said curved end of said
book including a shank secured to the center of said disc
hook, said actuating means being located on the interior
so as to be carried thereby, said- hook also including a
of said hull.
curved end located on the exterior of said hull; an actuat 15
10. A boat anchor line retainer which comprises in com
ing rod pivotally attached to said shank within said hull
bination: a boat hull having a top and a Water line; means
so as to extend from said shank; a retainer rigidly secured
de?ning an opening within said hull adjacent to said water
to the exterior of said hull so as to be located adjacent to
line; a hook, said hook including a shank extending
the extremity of said curved end of said hook, said curved
through said opening so as to seal said opening and a
end of said hook being capable of being moved away irom
curved extremity located on the exterior of said hull, said
said retainer by movement of said actuating rod, causing
shank including an opening leading into the interior of
temporary deformation of said disc, and being capable of
said hull, and a hole leading from said opening in said
returning to its initial position adjacent to said retainer
shank to the exterior of said hull; a retainer rod slidably
upon release of said actuating rod as a result of the elas~
mounted in said opening in said shank and said hole so
25 as to extend to adjacent to the extremity of said curved
tomeric properties of said disc.
6. A boat anchor line retainer as de?ned in claim 5
end of said hook and so as to extend into the interior of
wherein said retainer and said collar are formed integrally
said hull, said rod including a flange extending therefrom
with one another.
within said opening in said shank; an elastomeric sealing
7. A boat anchor line retainer which comprises in com
cylinder located within said opening in said shank around
bination: a boat hull having a top and water line; means 30 said retainer rod and against said ?ange; plug means lo~
de?ning an opening within said hull adjacent to said water
cated within said opening in said shank so as to hold said
line; plate means secured to said hull so as to cover said
cylinder within said opening, said plug means extending
opening; a hook including a shank pivotally mounted on
around said retainer rod; ‘and actuating means secured to
said retainer rod within said boat hull, said actuating
said plate means and a curved end located on the exterior
of said hull, said curved end being attached to said shank, 35 means being capable of being actuated so as to cause said
retainer rod to move so that said ?ange compresses said
said shank extending through said plate means into the
cylinder, allowing a boat anchor line to be moved with
interior of said hull; means for rotating said hook attached
to said shank within the interior of said hull.
8. A boat anchor line retainer which comprises in com
bination: a boat ‘hull having a top and water line; means
de?ning an opening within said hull adjacent to said water
line; plate means secured to said hull so as to cover said
opening; a hook including a shank pivotally mounted on
said plate means and a curved end located on the exterior 45
of said hull, said curved end being attached to said shank,
said shank extending through said plate means into the
interior of said ‘hull; lever arm means attached to said
shank within the interior of said hull; an actuating rod
means attached to the extremity of said lever arm means
respect to said curved end of said hook, the elasticity of
said cylinder being capable of moving said retainer rod
toward said extremity of said curved end of said hook
upon release of said actuating means.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
112,635
Robinson ____________ __ Mar. 14, 1871
‘2,730,985
Wingate ______________ __ Jan. 17, 1956
2,860,908
Peterson _____________ __ Nov. 18, 1958
613,773
Great Britain __________ __ Dec. 2, 1948
FQREIGN PATENTS
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