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Патент USA US3045912

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July 24, 1962
J, E THOM’SON
_
3,045,902
TOY CASH REGISTER
Filed Jan. 25, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 1
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iii
INVENTOR.
"23”" ZW‘W”
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July 24, 1962
J. E. THOMSON
3,045,902
TOY CASH REGISTER
Filed Jan. 25, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
James 15,’ 7%07716072
BY
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July 24, 1962
J. E. THOMSON
3,045,902
TOY CASH REGISTER
Filed Jan. 25, 1960
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6 Sheets-Sheet 4
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INVENTOR.
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July 24, 1962
J. E. THOMSON
3,045,902
TOY CASH REGISTER
Filed Jan. 25, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 5
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INVENTOR.
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July 24, 1962
.1. E. THOMSON
3,045,902
TOY CASH REGISTER
Filed Jan. 25, 1960
6 Sheets-Sheet 6
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INVENTOR.
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United States Patent O??ce
1
3,945,902
TOY CASH REGISTER
James E. Thomson, Jackson, Mich., assignor to Western
Stamping Company, Jackson, Mich, a corporation of
Michigan
Filed Jan. 25, 1960, Ser. No. 4,464
10 Claims. (Cl. 235—12)
3,045,902
Patented July 24, 1962
2
invention comprises a toy cash register fabricated pri
marily of stamped sheet metal parts, and including a rec
tangular base and a generally H-shaped main frame ex
tending upwardly therefrom. An indicator sub-assembly
extends between the upper legs of the main frame and
pivotally supports a plurality of indicator tabs having in
dicia denoting different monetary denominations. Each
of these tabs is rockable between a retracted position and
This invention relates to toy cash registers, and more
an upstanding or display position, and the indicator sup‘
particularly to devices of this nature which are adapted 10 porting frame carries slidably mounted indicator keys for
to indicate amounts of money in response to button de
pression, and which have a slidable cash drawer simulat
moving the tabs to their exposed position. Each key has
a shoulder portion which, when the key is depressed, will
swing its associated tab upwardly, the key then serving
ing in its function a real cash register of the type used
in commercial establishments.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a
novel and improved construction for such toy cash reg
isters which enables the register to be fabricated in an
extremly economical manner, while still incorporating the
pivoted immediately below the cross-member of the frame
display indicia, automatic drawer opening, bell ringing,
and serves to hold the cash drawer in a closed position,
to hold the tab in its indicating position while the tab
holds the key in its depressed position.
A cash drawer is slidably mounted on the base between
the lower legs of the main frame, and a latch bar is
push button, indica return and other functions of a stand 20 the drawer carrying a helical coil spring engageable with
ard cash register.
It is another object to provide an improved toy cash
register of this nature which is especially adapted to be
fabricated of stamped sheet metal parts, and in which the
upstruck tabs on the base to urge the drawer to its open
FIGURE 3 is a side elevational view in cross section
their retracted positions by gravity. During opening and
position. The indicator frame carries a drawer release
key connected to a shoulder portion on the detent lever
by a rockable link, so that depression of the drawer re~
various components of the toy are combined and cooperate 25 lease key will retract the detent lever from engagement
in an extremely efficient and economical manner.
with the drawer to permit the drawer to move outwardly.
It is a further object to provide an improved toy cash
A bell and striker are mounted on the base and are actu
register having the above characteristics, which may be
atable by a tab on the drawer as it moves outwardly to
easily fabricated in the form of sub-assemblies which are
ring the bell, and a spring mounted on the main frame
then assembled, and in which the necessity of matching the 30 urges the detent lever downwardly toward its detent posi
individual push buttons with speci?ed display indicia is
tion in readiness for holding the drawer when it is closed.
eliminated.
A return plate is pivotally mounted between the upper
Other objects, features, and advantages of the present
legs of the main frame below the indicator frame, and is
invention will become apparent from the subsequent de
swingable upwardly from a retracted position into engage
scription, taken in conjunction with the accompanying 35 ment with the lower ends of the indicator keys. This
drawings.
return plate is actuatable by a return lever pivoted be
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a toy cash register
tween one side of the main frame and an upwardly ex
incorporating the principles of this invention, the drawer
tending tab on the detent lever, the return lever being
being shown in its closed position;
so positioned as to be operatively engageable by the draw~
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of the register with 40 er when it is closed. As the indicator keys are raised by
the housing removed showing the relative positions of the
the return plate, their shouldered portions will be retracted
indicator keys and opening button;
from the indicator tabs, permitting these tabs to drop to
taken at the centerline of the register and showing the
closing movement of the drawer, the detent lever will also
drawer detent and guide bar, as well as the relationship 45 serve as a guide to maintain accurate drawer movement.
between the indicator keys and the indicators;
A one~piece plastic housing is provided for the entire
FIGURE 4 is a front elevational view of the register
unit, this housing being securable to the base by a plu
with the housing removed;
rality of bosses projectable through apertures in the base
FIGURE 5 is a top plan view in cross section taken
and which may be spread by heat and pressure. The upper
along the line 5——5 of FIGURE 3, and with portions re 50 portion of the housing has windows for viewing the indi
moved, showing the drawer release linkage as well as
cator tabs when in their upper position. Novel means are
components for returning the indicator buttons and indi
also provided for marking the indicator keys and drawer
cators upon closing of the drawer;
release key, these being preferably fabricated of plastic
FIGURE 6 is a rear elevational view ‘of the register
material. This novel means and method includes the use
with the case removed, showing portions of the bell ring 55 of a number marking transfer sheet applicable to the keys
ing mechanism;
only after they have been assembled, so that it is not
FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of the base and main
necessary to match individual indicator keys with the indi
frame with attached parts;
cator tabs during assembly.
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary cross sectional view taken
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the toy
along the line 8—8 of FIGURE 3, and showing the man 60 cash register is generally indicated at 11 and comprises a
ner in which the ?gure keys are supported and guided by
base 12 seen in FIGURE 7 which is preferably a stamped
the marker supporting frame;
FIGURE 9 is a rear View of the indicator sub-assem
bly taken along the line 9—9 of FIGURE 3;
sheet metal part and is of generally rectangular shape,
having a plurality of apertures 13 along its edges and a
low upstanding ?ange 14 along its front edge, the ends
FIGURE 10 is a partial perspective view of the lower 65 of this ?ange being spaced inwardly from side edges 15
and 16 of the base. A tab 17 is struck upwardly from
dition; and
the base a short distance rearwardly of front ?ange 14, this
FIGURE 11 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 showing
tab being somewhat concave rearwardly and serving as a
the action of the drawer in returning the indicator buttons
limit stop for the opening movement of the drawer, as
and indicators to their retracted positions at the drawer 70 will be later seen. A pair of tabs 18 and 19 are struck
is closed.
upwardly from base 12 somewhat rearwardly of stop 17,
indicator frame member shown in its unassembled con
In general terms, the illustrated embodiment of the
these tabs being bent upwardly and rearwardly from the
3,045,902
a
4
base and being symmetrically disposed with respect to the
longitudinal centerline of the cash register. Tabs 18 and
moving from its retracted position as shown in FIGURE
11 to its display position as shown in FIGURE 3, each
19 serve to tension a spring carried on the underside of
the drawer, so as to urge the drawer toward its open
position. A hell 2]. is secured by a center rivet 22 to a
indicator 64 will move within an associated clearance aper
ture 58.
rear portion of the base 12 somewhat to the right of the
register centerline when viewed from the front. This
bell is engageable by a striker 23 pivotally secured to the
Two rows of indicator keys 68 and 69 are provided for
actuating indicators 59 and 64, respectively. All keys
68 and 69 are of identical construction as seen in FIG
URE l1, and are preferably fabricated of a decorative
moldable plastic material. Each key has an oval button
base by a rivet 24 somewhat to the left of the centerline,
this striker being held in a centered position by a helical 10 portion which may be hollow and has a ?ange 71 at its
inner end. A ?at actuating portion 72 extends from each
coil spring 25 secured at one end 26 to the centrally
pivoted striker and at the other end 27 to an upstruck tab
28 on the base, as seen in FIGURE 11. The base is also
provided with a pair of small viewing apertures 29 and
31 visible in FIGURE 7.
The main frame is generally indicated at 32 and corn
prises a pair of lower legs 33 and 34, a pair of upper legs
35 and 36, a forward web member 37 extending between
the forward portions of legs 33 and 34 at their upper
button portion, the actuating portion having a straight
upper edge 73 and a straight lower edge 74. A shoulder
75 is formed on each portion 72, and a relatively narrow
15 extension 76 extends from shoulder '75, this extension
having a rounded end.
Keys 68 and 69 are adapted to be slidably mounted in
frame 48. For this purpose, both lower and upper frame
members 51 and 52 are provided with elongated guide
ends, a rear web member 38 extending between the rear 20 apertures for the reception of ?at legs 72 ‘and extensions
76. These apertures are indicated at 77 on member 51.
upper portions of legs 33 ‘and 34, and a central web 39
Member 52 has a pair of ?anges 78‘ and 79 which ?t
over ?anges 53 and ‘54, respectively, of frame member 51,
and 38. Frame 32, which may likewise be fabricated
so that tabs 81 formed at the corner of the frame mem
of a single stamped sheet metal part, thus has a generally
ber 51 may be folded over frame member 52 to secure
H-shaped appearance when viewed from the front.
the frame members together. On the right hand side of
The lower edges of legs 33 and 34, which are somewhat
frame 48 as seen in FIGURE 8, a drawer release key guide
wider than they are high, are provided with a plurality
82 is also secured to frame 48 by tabs 81 in overlying
of tabs 41 extendable through slots 42 in base 12 to secure
relation with frame member 52, the purpose of this guide
the frame to the base. Strengthening ?anges 43' and 44
are formed along the front edge of frame portion 37 and 30 being described later. A plurality of elongated apertures
83 are provided in frame member 52, these apertures being
the rear edge of frame portion 38 respectively.
in registry with apertures 77 but being somewhat longer
The upper edges of legs 35 and 36 are provided with a
so that they can accommodate legs 72., apertures 77 ac
?rst inclination 45 and a second inclination r46, edges 45
extending between the intermediate portions of webs 37
commodating extensions 76. The disposition of the guide
being inclined toward the forward portion of the cash
register. Tabs 47 are formed on edges 45 for securing 35 slots is such that keys 68 and 69 will have somewhat dif
an indicator support frame generally indicated at 48.
This frame, which may be pre-assernbled together with a
set of indicators generally indicated at 49, comprises a
ferent angular positions with respect to frame 48, to corre
spond to the curvature of the housing as later described.
The guide aperture positions are also such as to retain
keys 6S and 69 with their shoulders 75 extending upwardly
lower frame member 51 and an upper frame member 52,
these members being of elongated shape as seen in FIG 40 and rearwardly, so as to be engageable with frame mem
ber 51 when the keys are depressed as seen in FIGURE 3.
URE 8. Lower frame member 51 is of somewhat channel
ward ?ange 53 as seen in FIGURES 3 and 11, and a rear
The curved portions 62 and 66 of indicators 59 and 64,
respectively, are adapted to be engaged by shoulders 75
?ange 54-, best seen in FIGURE 10. Frame member 51
is also provided with means for pivotally supporting indi
of the two rows of keys when in their outer positions, as
seen in FIGURE 11, so that when any key is depressed it
shaped cross section, having an upwardly extending for~
will rock its corresponding indicator counterclockwise to
the position shown in FIGURE 3. As this position is
reached, the curved portion of the indicator will be re
tracted away from shoulder 75 and will be engaged by
tween these pivotal supports are those of the front row,
comprising upstruck tabs 56 having rectangular notches 50 upper edge 73 of the key, thus holding the indicator in its
upper or display position. The weight of each indicator
‘57 in their upper edges, these notches being somewhat
will tend to return it clockwise to its retracted position,
shallower than notches 55. Clearance apertures 58- are
but the force exerted by the indicator on the key will be
formed in member 51 and ?ange 54 thereof behind tabs
resisted by the bottoms of apertures 77 and 83. The indi
56, for the indicators supported by these tabs.
Indicators 49 are of generally similar construction, but 55 cator will thus stay in its display position while the key
remains in its depressed position as seen in FIGURE 3.
are of two different shapes depending upon the row in
Guide apertures 77 and 83 may be punched out of their
which they are situated. Each indicator 59in the rear row
respective frame members 51 and 52 in such a manner
comprises a ?at metallic tab capable of carrying imprinted
as to provide a narrow wall around each aperture to facili
indicia on its forwardly facing surface and a lower pivot
portion 61 bent iangularly from the main portion of the 60 tate smooth movement of the keys. These walls extend
downwardly and rearwardly, as seen in FIGURES 3 and
indicator and having a downwardly and rearwardly curved
11. Means are also provided for maintaining a proper
end 62. The side edges of pivot portion 61 are provided
pivotal relationship for indicators 59 and 64. In the case
with notches 63 adapted to receive the side edges of a
of indicators 64‘, this is provided by a plurality of elon
notch 55 as seen in FIGURE 8, so that indicator 59‘ will
65 gated depressions 84 in frame member 52 above each notch
be pivotally supported.
‘57 which restricts the play of indicator 64- in its notch.
Indicators 64 in the forward row are alternately placed
In the case of indicators 59, the downwardly ‘and rear
between indicators 59 and carry similar imprinted indicia.
wardly extending walls of guide apertures 83, as well as
These indicia, for example, may be of various monetary
?ange 7 9 on frame member 52, serve to restrict play.
denominations such as 191', 10¢, 50¢ or $1, and one of the
The cash register is provided with a cash drawer gener
indicators may carry the legend “No Sale.” Indicators 70
ally indicated at 85 which is preferably fabricated of
64 have pivot portions 65 which are somewhat longer
stamped sheet metal parts and comprises a front panel
than pivot portions 61 of indicators 59, but which have
86, side panels 87, and a bottom 38 which may be formed
similar curved ends 66. The side edges of pivot portions
cators 49 in two rows. The rear row of pivotal supports
comprises a plurality of spaced rectangular notches v55
in the upper edge of ?ange 54. Alternately disposed be
65 are provided with notches 67 seen in FIGURE 8, these
notches receiving the sides of notches 57 in tabs 56. When
integrally with front panel 86 as seen in ‘FIGURE 3 and
has a curved forward portion 89, and an upwardly ex
3,045,902
6
tending rear ?ange '91 which acts as the rear panel of
the drawer. The drawer may be divided into compart
ments for dilferent coin denominations by a transverse
partition 92 and longitudinal partitions 93, visible in FIG
URE 5. As seen in FIGURE 4, drawer 85 is adapted
to slide between lower legs 33 and 34 of frame 32, being
somewhat narrower than the distance between these legs.
Side panels 87 are preferably of inverted U-shaped cross
curved intermediate portion 118 for clearance purposes.
A button 119 is mounted on the upper end of key 117,
this button preferably matching keys 68 and 69 and bear
ing Ia legend such as “Open.” The upper portion of key
117 is disposed in an elongated guide aperture 121 in
section as seen in FIGURE 6, so as to present rounded
guide member 82, as seen in FIGURE 8. The lower end
of key 117 is apertured to receive a hooked end 122 of a
release rod 123, best seen in FIGURE 7. This release
rod is rotatably mounted and rests on the forward portion
upper edges, rthese panels being joined to front panel 86
of frame section 33, being retained for rotary movement
by ?anges 94 on the front panel, as seen in FIGURE 11,
and being joined to rear panel 91 by tabs 95 formed on
by a curved tab 124 struck upwardly from frame section
33 adjacent key 117 (FIGURE 2). The other end of
rod 123 passes through a vertically elongated aperture
the inner portions 96 of side panels 87. The length of
side panels 87 is slightly less than that of base 12, with
125 in latch bar projection .115. The purpose of aperture
bottom 88 of the drawer being somewhat shorter than 15 125 is to prevent forward or rearward movement of rod
side panels 87 and a substantial distance above base 12.
123, but ‘the rod has no operative connection with latch
Means are provided for urging drawer 85 toward its
bar 103 ‘at this point, the latch bar being utilized in a
open position, this means including a helical coil spring
novel manner to retain the release rod in position and
97 extending between and secured to side panels 87 by
thus eliminating the necessity of another upstruck tab at
apertures 98 in these panels, as seen in FIGURES 6 and
this point. Aperture 125 is elongated to permit operative
11. The length of spring 97 is such that, if unde?ected,
movement of latch bar 103 without interfering with the
functioning of release rod 123. The lower end of key 117
is also provided with a ?nger 126 bent out of the plane of,
but parallel to, the main portion of the key, as seen in
FIGURES 2 and 6, this ?nger serving to restrain rod 123
it would extend straight across between panels 87. When
the drawer is closed, however, the spring is engageable
with the forwardly facing surfaces of posts :18 and 19 ex
tending upwardly from base 12, so that the drawer will
be urged toward its open position. The opening of drawer
85 will be limited by engagement of a down-struck tab
99 formed in drawer bottom 38‘ with stop 17. When the
against longitudinal movement.
The inner end 127 of rod 123 is also hook-shaped but
extends forwardly, the outer end of hook portion 127
drawer is in its fully opened position, spring ‘97 will be
being disposed beneath a shoulder 128 of ‘an upward
withdrawn a short distance forwardly of posts 18 and 19. 30 projection 129 on latch bar 103 between extensions 105
In other Words, upon release of the drawer from its closed
and 115, as seen in FIGURE 3. Projection 129 extends
position, spring 97 will drive it part way toward its fully
through a slot 131 in central section 39 of frame 32, a
opened position, and the drawer will coast the rest of the
pair of guide tabs 132 being struck upwardly alongside
way. Tab 99 is somewhat blade-shaped in a fore and aft
slot 131 ‘and maintaining the vertical positioning of bar
direction, with a vertical forward edge 101 and an inclined 35 103. Shoulder 128 extends rearwardly on projection
rear edge 102 for purposes later described, this tab being
129, and is so disposed that clockwise rotation of hook
located at the rearward end of [the drawer bottom.
portion 127 of rod 123 from the position shown in FIG
The means for holding drawer 85 in its closed position
URE 3 will cause counterclockwise movement of latch
includes a longitudinally extending latch bar 103 seen
bar 103 to release the drawer. Clockwise rocking of rod
in FIGURE 3 which is ‘of elongated ?at shape and may
123, as seen in FIGURE 3, will of course be accom
be formed as a stamped metal part. The upper edge 104
plished by depression of key 117.
of latch bar 1103 carries a hook-shaped pivot extension
Means are also provided for returning indicator keys
105 at an intermediate portion thereof which extends
6% and 69 to their outer positions, and thus permitting
through a pivot aperture 106 formed in the central portion
indicators 59 and 64 to drop to their retracted positions,
of section 37 of frame 32. The lower edge 107' of latch 45 upon closing of drawer 35 after it has opened. This means
bar 103 has a shoulder 108 notched into the rear portion
thereof, and this shoulder is engageable with rear panel 91
of the drawer at the bottom of a notched portion 109
in the upper edge of this panel.
When in its latching
position, as seen in FIGURE 3, shoulder 108 will restrain
drawer 85' in its closed position. When latch bar 103 is
swung counterclockwise from the position shown in FIG
URE 3, shoulder 108 will be withdrawn from rear panel
91 and the drawer will move toward its open position.
During this movement, latch ‘bar 103 will act as a guide
for maintaining the drawer in a central position and re
straining it against lateral movement. For this purpose,
the lower portion of latch bar 103 will be received by
notch 109, and also by a notch 111 formed in transverse
pantion 92. Drawer 85 will thus be guided at two longi 60
tudinally spaced locations during its travel.
The means for urging latch bar 103 clockwise toward
includes a return plate actuating rod 133 pivoted at one
end to a depressed pivot portion 134 on frame leg 35,
‘as seen in FIGURE 7, and at an intermediate portion by
an aperture 135' in latch bar projection 129. It should
be observed that here again, there is no operative connec
tion between rod 133 and latch bar 103, but that the
latch bar serves to pivotally support rod 133 without the
necessity of a separate supporting tab for this purpose.
As will be later seen, the ‘fact that projection 129 has a
slight vertical movement during operation will not effect
the function of rod 123.
The portion 136 of rod 133 between its two pivotal
supporting points is of forwardly and downwardly ex
tending U-shape, as seen in FIGURE 7, while the portion
137 of rod 133 on the opposite side of projection 129
extends upwardly and rearwardly. When unrestrained,
rod 133 will assume the solid and dotted line position
its latching position as seen in FIGURES 3 and 11 com
shown in FIGURE 3, due to its weight distribution. When
prises a leaf spring 112' secured to frame section 38 on the
in this position, portion 136 of the rod will hang down into
left Xhand side thereof as viewed from the front by a strap 65 the drawer compartment and will be disposed somewhat
113 pressed out from the frame section and surrounding
an intermediate portion of leaf spring 112 (see FIGURE
below the upper edge of rear panel 91. As drawer 85
moves toward its open position, rear panel 91 will ride
7), as well as a tab 114- engaging one end of the spring.
under rod portion 136, swinging the rod momentarily to
its dot-dash line position as seen in FIGURE 3. After
The other end of spring 112 engages the rounded upper
end of a projection 11.5 extending upwardly from the 70 rear panel 91 passes rod portion 136, the rod will again
upper edge 104 of latch bar 103 through a slot 116 in
rock into its unrestrained position shown in solid and
frame section 38 at its juncture with frame section 39.
dotted lines in FIGURE 3.
The means for retracting latch bar 103 includes a
Upon return of drawer 85 to its closed position, rear
drawer release key 117 best seen in FIGURE 2, this
panel 91 will engage rod portion 136 and swing the rod
key comprising a ?at bar of irregular shape having a
counterclockwise as seen in FIGURE 11, the rod being
8
b
released by the time drawer 35 reaches its fully closed or
latched position of FIGURE 3.
A return plate 133 is pivotally mounted between legs
spaced lugs 164 are also provided immediately below a
35 and 36 of frame 32 by means of tabs 139 formed on
the frame and apertured portions 141 in the upper corners
of bar 163 to maintain the bar in a centered position.
of the rectangularly shaped plate.
The return plate,
separate sub-assemblies may be fabricated, one of which
which is provided with appropriate strengthening flanges
will comprise indicator frame 48 and indicators 59 and 64,
together with keys 6S and 69. Another sub-assembly
would comprise base 12, main frame 32, and the parts
carried thereby as seen in FIGURE 7, plus return plate
138. The ?rst-mentioned sub-assembly may then be
secured to the main frame. Housing 146 may then be
mounted in position, and drawer 85 inserted.
According to the invention, a novel method of mark
ing keys 63, 69 and 119 is provided which eliminates the
necessity of matching keys 68 and 69‘ to their correspond
ing indicators 59 and 64. The method comprises the use
142 and ribs 143 as seen in FIGURE 11, is normally
urged by its own weight toward a retracted position against
a stop 144 formed as an inwardly struck tab on leg 36.
The back of plate 137 is adapted to be engaged by the
rounded outer end 145 of rod portion 137 when the latter
moves to its counterclockwise position, as seen in FIG
URE 11. During this movement, plate 133 will swing
clockwise and engage the lower ends of extensions 76
on keys 68 and 69, sliding these keys to their outer
positions.
No resistance will be offered to this move
ment since it is parallel to the alignment of guide aper
tures 77 and 83. As keys 68 and 69 reach their outer
positions, edges 73 of the keys will be retracted from
curved ends 62 and 66 of indicators 59 and 64, respec
tively, permitting these indicators 'to drop, by their own
weight, from their display position as shown in FIGURE
front counter or table portion 165 of housing 146, these
lugs being disposed on opposite sides of the forward end
In assembling the toy cash register of this invention,
of a paper or other known ?exible transfer type of im
printing sheet shown schematically at 166 in FIGURE 11
to mark the keys after they have been assembled. This
sheet would carry the indicia in the desired arrangement,
the sheets being provided in quantity so that each sheet
could be used for a single toy cash register. Since the
“Open” key 119 is differently shaped than the others, and
3 to their retracted position as shown in FIGURE 11.
Means are also provided for ringing bell 21 upon 25 could thus be individually assembled without chance of
error, it may or may not be marked by this marking sheet.
opening movement of the drawer. This means includes
The other keys 68 and 69, however, need only be produced
striker 23 and arm 99, the arm being engageable with
and assembled with blank faces, the marking sheet being
the striker upon opening movement of drawer 85 to
laid over the keys after assembly and the indicia trans
swing the striker clockwise as seen in ‘FIGURE 5. As
arm 99 moves past the striker, the latter will be released, 30 ferred thereto by heat or other known methods. It thus
becomes necessary only to assemble indicators 59 and 64
permitting spring 25 to pull the striker counterclock
in their proper order in each toy cash register, but not keys
wise so that it wil strike bell 21. Upon closing of the
68 and 69‘.
drawer, inclined edge 102 of arm 99 will ride over striker
23, pivot 24 being su?iciently loose to permit the striker
In operation of the toy cash register, assuming an initial
typewriter, this housing being preferably formed of a deco
rative molded plastic material. Housing 146 has the gen
eral ornamental con?guration of a conventional cash regis
be held in their display position by edges 73 of the keys.
to rock slightly counterclockwise as seen in FIGURE 6, 35 position of the parts with the drawer closed and indicators
59 and 64 in their retracted positions, as seen in FIGURE
until arm 99 passes over the striker. Arm 99 thus serves
11, any selected key or keys 68 and 69 may be depressed.
the dual function of engaging stop 17 to limit outward
As each key is depressed, its corresponding indicator 59 or
movement of the drawer and operating the bell as the
64 will swing upwardly with a clicking sound into its dis
drawer opens.
play position, as seen in FIGURE 3. The indicators will
A housing generally indicated at 146 is provided for the
ter, including a generally vertical rear wall 147, a convex
front wall 143, side walls 149, a somewhat enlarged drawer
receiving portion 151 (see FIGURE 1) and an indicator
window portion 152. Base portion 151 has a front recess
153 for the reception of drawer 85, and window portion
152 has an elongated aperture 154 for the reception of a
window 155. An upper retaining groove 156 and a lower
retaining groove 157, as seen in FIGURE 3, may be
molded into housing 146 to receive window 155, the
latter preferably being fabricated of a transparent and
?exible material which may be snapped into place within
the grooves, the window further having opaque partitions
158 imprinted thereon so as to form individual windows
corresponding to indicators 59 and 64. It will be noted
from FIGURE 3 that the shape of housing 146 is such
as to permit indicators 49 to engage groove portion 157
When it is desired to open drawer 85, key 119 will be
depressed, causing rod 123 to rock clockwise as seen in
FIGURE 3 and swing latch bar 103 counterclockwise as
seen in this ?gure. This will cause shoulder 108 of the
latch bar to be withdrawn from rear wall 91 of the drawer,
and spring 97 will impel the drawer outwardly. During
this movement, edge 101 of arm 99 will swing striker 23
clockwise as seen in FIGURE 5 and will then release the
striker, permitting spring 25 to return it so as to ring
bell 21. Drawer 85 will come to rest when arm 99 engages
stop 17. During the opening movement of the drawer,
rod 133 will swing idly from its solid line to its dot-dash
line position and then back again, as the drawer slides
under it. Bar 103 will be disposed within drawer slots 109
and 111 during the opening movement, so as to maintain
the drawer in a centered position.
Return of drawer 85 will cause rear wall 91 of the
drawer to engage portion 136 of rod 133, swinging the
when the indicators swing to their display positions, this 60 rod counterclockwise to the position shown in FIGURE
11. End 145 of rod 133 will engage the back of return
engagement creating a clicking sound which will simulate
plate 138, swinging this plate clockwise, as seen in FIG
the action of a standard cash register when a key is de
URE 11, so as to engage the outer ends of key extensions
pressed. A plurality of ribs 159 are formed within drawer
76. The keys will thus slide outwardly to the position
compartment 151 of housing 146, as seen in FIGURE 5,
shown in FIGURE 11, permitting indicators 59 and 64 to
the lower ends of these ribs carrying protrusions 161
drop to their retracted positions. As drawer 85 reaches its
such as that seen in FIGURE 3, which may extend
fully closed position, shoulder 108 of bar 163 will drop in
through apertures 13 in base 12 and be spread by heat
front of rear wall 91, as urged by spring 112, retaining the
and pressure to secure the housing to the base. A foot
drawer in position. At this point, the rear wall will have
162 is molded around the lower edge of housing 146 so
passed portion 136 of rod 133, and the rod will swing back
that the cash register may rest thereon. Front wall 148
by its own weight to the solid line position of FIGURE 3.
of the housing is provided with a plurality of apertures
Return plate 138 will drop to its retracted position against
163 for accommodating the various keys. In the upper
stop 144, but the keys will be held in their outer positions
position of the keys, ?anges 71 thereof are adapted to
by engagement of curved sections 62 and 66 of the indica
engage the housing portion surrounding apertures 163 to
limit outward movement of the keys. A pair of closely 75 tors with shoulders 75 of the keys.
3,045,902
10
It will thus be seen that a novel and improved toy cash
register has been provided which is especially adapted for
inexpensive mass production, utilizes a minimum num
ber of parts and is relatively easy to assemble. The toy
simulates many functions of an actual cash register in a
realistic manner and is extremely resistant to wear and
damage during operation.
While it will be apparent that the preferred embodi
ment of the invention disclosed is well calculated to ‘ful
5. In a toy cash register or the like, a plurality of in
dicators comprising indicia bearing tabs, an indicator
‘frame comprising a pair of spaced plates, means between
said plates for pivotally supporting said indicator tabs
for movement between retracted and display positions,
the weight of said tabs urging them toward their retracted
positions, a plurality of keys corresponding to said indi
cator tabs, each of said keys having a button portion
and a shouldered extension, apertured portions in said
?ll the objects above stated, it will be appreciated that 10 frame plates slidably supporting said extensions, and
the invention is susceptible to modi?cation, variation and
curved portions on said tabs engageable by the should
change without departing from the proper scope or fair
ered portions of said keys when moved to their depressed
meaning of the swbjoined claims.
positions for swinging the indicator tabs to their display
What is claimed is:
positions, said curved indicator tab portions being en
1. In a toy cash register or the like, a housing, a 15 gageable with the edges of their corresponding depressed
drawer slidably mounted in the lower part of said hous
ing, spring means urging said drawer to an open position,
key extensions when in their display positions, whereby
latch means for holding the drawer in a closed position,
a plurality of indicators mounted in the upper part of
retracted positions.
said indicator tabs will be held against movement to their
6. In a toy cash register or the like, a base, a frame
said housing for movement between retracted and display 20 having a horizontal portion spaced above said base, a
positions, keys for each of said indicators, means respon
drawer slidably mounted on said base below said frame
sive to movement of each key from a raised to a de
portion :between open and closed positions, a latch bar
pressed position ‘for moving its corresponding indicator
comprising an elongated ?at plate pivoted below said
to its display position and holding said indicator in such
frame portion said latch bar extending a substantial dis
position, said drawer latch means being operative to hold 25 tance forwardly of the rear end of said drawer when
said drawer in closed position during and after depres
the drawer is in its open position, the drawer having at
sion of each key, means operable independently of said
least one guide slot ‘within which said latch bar is dis
keys (for releasing said drawer latch means, and means
posed throughout the range of movement of said drawer,
responsive to return movement of said drawer to its
a shoulder on said latch bar engageable with said drawer
30 to hold the drawer in its closed position, means urging
tions and said indicators to their retracted positions.
the drawer toward its open position, an upward exten
2. In a toy cash register or the like, a housing, a
sion on said plate, a clearance aperture in said frame
closed position for returning said keys to their raised posi
drawer slidably mounted in the lower part of said hous
ing, spring means urging said drawer to an open position,
portion for receiving said extension, a release shoulder
tion for moving its corresponding indicator to its display
position and holding said indicator in such position,
means operable independently of said keys for releasing
comprising an elongated ?at plate pivoted below said
and display positions, said return member comprising
a swingably mounted plate engageable with correspond
ing ends of the keys.
8. In a toy cash register or the like, a drawer slidable
on said extension, and a release rod engageable with
latch means for holding the drawer in a closed position, 35 said release shoulder to swing the latch bar to its un
a plurality of indicators mounted in the upper part of
latching position.
said housing for movement between retracted and dis
7. In a toy cash register or the like, a base, a frame
play positions, keys for each of said indicators, means
having a horizontal portion spaced above said ‘base, a
responsive to movement of each key from a raised to
drawer slidably mounted on said base below said frame
a depressed position and retention in its depressed posi
portion between open and closed positions, a latch bar
frame portion, a shoulder ‘and said latch bar engageable
with said drawer to hold the drawer in its closed position,
said drawer latch means, a return member separate from
means urging the drawer toward its open position, an up
said drawer latch means and movable between a re
ward extension on said plate, a clearance aperture in
tracted position and a return position, said return mem 45 said frame portion for receiving said extension, a release
ber when moved to its return position being engageable
shoulder on said extension, a horizontally disposed re
with all depressed keys to return said keys to their raised
lease rod mounted for pivotal movement on its own
position and permitting the corresponding indicators to
axis, a release key for actuating said release rod, a ?rst
return to their retracted position, and a return member
hooked portion on said release rod engageable by said
actuating element responsive only to movement of said 50 release key, a second hooked portion on said release
drawer to its closed position for moving said return mem
rod engageable with said release shoulder to swing the
ber to its return position.
latch bar to its unlatching position, and a restraining
3. The combination according to claim 2, said keys
portion pressed out from said frame portion toward the
being of elongated shape and supported for tr-anslatory
end of said release rod adjacent said ?rst hooked por
movement along a rectilinear path between their retracted 55 tion.
between open ‘and closed positions, a plurality of indi
cators movable between retracted and display positions,
4. In a toy cash register or the like, a plurality of
a latch ‘for holding said drawer in a closed position,
indicators movable between retracted and display posi 60 means separate from and movable independently of said
tions, at key for each of said indicators, means slidably
indicators for releasing said latch, and an indicator re
mounting said keys for translatory' movement along a
turn rod separate from said latch and responsive only
rectilinear path between raised and depressed positions,
to closing movement of said drawer for causing move
means on each key responsive to movement of the key
ment of said indicators toward their retracted positions.
to its depressed position for swinging the corresponding 65 9. In a toy cash register or the like, a drawer slidable
indicator to its display position, mutually engageable
between open and closed positions, a plurality of indi
portions on said indicator and key when the indicator
cators movable between retracted and display positions,
is in its display position ‘and the key in its depressed
a latch ‘for holding said drawer in a closed position,
means separate from and movable independently of said
retracted position, said last-mentioned portions being 70 indicators for releasing said latch, an indicator return rod
mutually engageable only when the key is in its depressed
separate ‘from said latch and movable ‘between an in
position, and means cfor simultaneously returning all de
operative position and a return position, said return rod
position for preventing movement of the indicator to its
pressed keys to their raised positions and separating said
having a ?rst portion operatively engageable by said
mutually engaging portions, whereby said indicators may
drawer only when moving toward its closed position
return to their retracted positions.
75 ‘for swinging said return rod toward its return position,
3,045,902
11
and a second portion on said return rod extending in a
12
tion for moving said return member to its return position,
direction substantially opposite to said ?rst portion and
said return member actuating element being pivotally
responsive to movement of the return rod to its return
mounted and having a ?rst portion in the path of move
ment of said drawer whereby said element will swing in
one direction when the drawer opens and in the opposite
position for causing movement of said indicators to their
retracted positions.
10. In a toy cash register or the like, a housing, a
direction when the drawer closes, and another portion
drawer slidably mounted in the lower part of said hous
ing, spring means urging said drawer to an open position,
on said element having a one-way connection with said
return member.
latch means for holding the drawer in a closed position,
a plurality of indicators mounted in the upper part of 10
said housing 'for movement between retracted and display
positions, keys ‘for each of said indicators, means respon
sive to movement of each key from a raised to ‘a de
pressed position for moving its corresponding indicator
to its display position and holding said indicator in such
position, means operable independently of said keys for
releasing said drawer latch means, a return member mov
able between 1a retracted position and a return position,
said return member when moved to its return position
References Cited in the tile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
964,026
1,141,547
1,198,825
1,856,971
1,906,361
2,095,023
2,454,000
Jacobs ______________ __ July 12,
Heyman _____________ __ June 1,
Chein ______________ __ Sept. 19,
Sherman _____________ __ ‘May 3,
Berry _______________ __ May 2,
Bosselier ____________ __ Oct. 5,
Midouhas ___________ __ Nov. 16,
1,069,517
198,399
617,803
Germany ____________ __ Nov. 19, 1959
Great Britain _________ __ June 1, 1923
Great Britain ________ __ Feb. 11, 1949
being engageable with any depressed keys to return said
keys to their raised position ‘and permitting the cor 20
responding indicators to return to their retracted posi
tion, and a return member actuating element respon
sive only to movement of said drawer to its closed posi
1910
1915
1916
1932
1933
1937
1948
FOREIGN PATENTS
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