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Патент USA US3046040

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July 24, 1962
K. o. BRAUER
3,046,030
GALLOPING TOY HORSE
Filed July 7, 1961
FIG.5
J18 INVENTOR
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FIG.2
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United States Patent 0 ” 'ice
3,046,030
Patented July 24, 1962
1
body unit 10. The pivot pin 20 is the horizontal axis of a
cardan joint, and it is mounted transverse the vertical
steering axis 21. An elongated hole or slot v22 in the
3,046,030
GALLOPING TOY HORSE
Karl Otto Brauer, Mountain View, Calif.
front leg unit 11 provides clearance for turning the front
(424 Middle Turnpike W., Manchester, Conn.)
legs and the front rockers 17 a short distance to the right
or to the left side, about the vertical steering axis 21, for
steering purposes. The vertical steering axis 21 is sup
This invention relates to what I term a galloping toy
ported in the front leg unit 11 by two ?anges 23-, as shown
horse which can, in reality, be a galloping toy device or
in FIG. 1. ‘Rubber bumpers 24 and 25 are mounted in
vehicle, characterized in any desired manner. The inven 10 the aperture of the body unit 11 ‘for limiting the forward
tion is more particularly related to such a galloping toy
and backward movements of the front leg unit 11.
horse which is propelled by the rider thereof, and it is
The spring unit 12 comprises a tension spring 26, an
especially related to movable animal toy devices which
adjustment screw .27, an adjustment nut 28, ‘and a bearing
simulate the natural movement of some animals, such
29. The bearing 29 which supports the adjustment nut
as the gallop of a horse, the jumping of a dog or cat, or 15 28 is mounted in a countersunk hole in the neck of the
the leap of a deer.
body unit 10, as shown in FIG. 5. The adjustment nut
The object :of the invention is to provide a galloping
28 has a square or hexagonal head 31 and can be tightened
toy horse which may be operated by the, rider to propel the
or loosened, using a conventional wrench. The lower
toy horse in such a way simulating the gallop, the jump
end of the spring 26 is attached to the upper arm 18 in a
ing, or the leap of a natural animal. Another object of 20 slot by means of a cross pin ‘30 or by similar means.
the invention is to provide a galloping toy horse the front
Two stirrups or foot rests 32 are attached to the body
legs and the hind legs of which are equipped with a sepa
unit 10, one stirrup at each side. A short rein, made
rate pair of rockers. A further object of the invention is
from ?exible or stiff material, is mounted at the head 13,
to provide a galloping toy horse the front legs and the
as shown in FIG. 1.
body with the hind legs of which are formed as separate 25
In operation, the rider sits on the saddle 19, puts his feet
units, pivoted together, the front legs having an upper
on the stirrups 32 and holds the rein 33 with his hands.
arm extending vertically through an aperture in the body
Both rocker pairs, the front rocker pair 17 and the aft
of the toy horse ‘and carrying the saddle or seat. A still
rocker pair 15 are on the ground. The rider begins to
further object of the invention is to provide a galloping
rock by moving the Weight of his body forward and
toy horse the front leg unit of which is swingable to both 30 backward. When the ‘front rocker pair 17 is raised, and
sides about the vertical axis, for steering purposes. A
only the aft rocker pair 15 is on the ground, the saddle 19
still further object of the invention is to provide ‘a gallop
moves downwards, and the front rocker pair 17 moves
ing toy horse as described, wherein parts are detachably
forward, caused by the moment of force of the backward
assembled in order to make compact packaging possible
movement of the rider’s body on the saddle 19 and on
for economical shipping and storage. ‘Other objects of
the arm 18 over the pivot pin 20. At the same time, the
the invent-ion are to provide a galloping toy horse of
spring 26 is expanded. The movement of the front leg
simple, practical construction, which will be neat and at
unit 11 is limited by the rubber bumpers 24 and 25 in the
tractive in appearance, rugged and durable in use, easy to
aperture of the body unit 10. As the rocking movement
operate, and a device which is Well suited to the require
of the toy horse proceeds, the front rocker pair 17 is on
ments of economical manufacture and to safety require
the ground, and the aft rocker pair 15 is raised. tA-t this
ments for the prevention of accidents.
instant, with the weight of the rider’s body moved forward
The novel features of the invention will be best under
causing less moment of force on the arm 18 than during
stood from the following detailed description taken in
the backward movement, the spring 26 draws the body
connection with the accompanying drawing, in which cer
unit 10 and the front leg unit 11 together, causing the aft
tain embodiments of the invention are disclosed and, in
rocker pair to move a step forward, the same distance as
which separate parts are designated by suitable reference
the front rocker pair has moved before. As the rocking
characters in each of the views and, in which:
movement further proceeds, the aft rocker pair 15 comes
FIG. 1 is a side view of a toy horse made according to
down on the ground after making this step forward, and
my invention, dot-and-dash lines indicating movements of
the front rocker pair goes up again and moves forward.
Fiied July 7, 1961, Ser. No. 122,500
2 Claims. (Cl. 280-1177)
parts.
50
FIG. 2 is a transverse vertical section on line II—~II of
FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a transverse vertical section on line 'III—~III
Thus, the operation continues, the toy horse rocking and
moving forward, step by step, simulating the gallop or
the jumping or the leap of a natural animal.
The steering is accomplished by applying light pressure
of FIG. 1.
against that side of the saddle to which the rider wants to
FIG. 4 is a transverse section on line IV-IV of FIG. 1, 55 turn, using his knee or thigh. The spring 26 pulls the
showing the pivotal mounting of the front leg unit in the
body unit, together with the cardan joint for steering.
front leg unit always back into the normal straight for
ward position, after a turn.
FIG. 5 is an enlarged longitudinal section on line V—-V
of FIG. 1, showing the spring mounting and the spring
adjustment parts.
My improved galloping toy horse is formed of three
primary detachable units, namely the body unit 10, the
front leg unit 11, and the spring unit 12. The body unit
10 comprises a partly hollow body with the head 13 and
the pair of hind legs 14 the lower part of which is
equipped with or formed as a pair of aft rockers 15. The
front leg unit 11 comprises a pair of front legs 16 the
60
The initial tension of the
spring 26 can be adjusted according to different weights
of riders, by tightening or loosening the adjustment nut 28.
By reason of the simplicity and economy of construc
tion, a toy device of the character described can be pro
duced at a nominal cost, thus minimizing the retail price.
Notwithstanding its simplicity and economy, the toy de
vice will be strong, durable and relatively light in con
struction. Furthermore, it will be understood, that, by
detachable mounting of the units, the toy device can be
conveniently packed, stored and shipped in a condition
requiring a minimum space.
lower part of which is equipped with or formed as a pair
The invention is susceptible of various changes in its
of front rockers 17, and the upper arm 18 on which the 70 form, proportions and minor details of construction, and
saddle or seat 19 is mounted. The front leg unit 11 is
the right is herein reserved to make such changes as prop
swingable about the pivot pin ‘20 which is mounted in the
erly fall within the scope of the appended claims.
3
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as
new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A device of the character described, comprising three
detachably coupled units, namely a body unit, a front leg
unit, ‘and a spring unit, said body unit comprising a partly
stirrups for feet support attached to said body at both
sides ‘below the saddle, and a rein or a handle attached
to said head.
2. A device as de?ned in claim 1, wherein the pivoted
coupling of the front leg unit
the body unit com
prises a cardan joint, having a detachable pin in nearly
vertical direction mounted in the ‘front leg unit, said pin
hollow body, a characterized head, and a pair of hind
legs, said hind legs having a pair of aft rockers at the
lower end, means pivotally mounting said ‘front leg unit
supported by two ?anges mounted on the upper and lower
in the forward part of said body unit, said front ‘leg unit
surface of said arm of the ‘front leg unit, and a horizontal
comprising a pair of front legs having a pair of front 10 pivot pin through said vertical pin across the ‘front leg
rockers at the lower end, and ‘an arm at the upper end ex
unit and ‘the body unit, said body having a wide enough
tending through an aperture in the body in vertical direc
aperture to both sides to permit the front leg unit to swing
tion, said arm extending above the upper surface of the
about the vertical axis pin for steering purposes, said front
body and carrying a saddle ‘for supporting a rider, said
leg unit having an elongated hole in nearly horizontal
spring unit for normally maintaining said saddle in raised
position to both sides of the horizontal pivot pin.
position and for normally maintaining said front leg pair
in aft position, said spring uni-t comprising an extension
spring and a tension adjustment device at the upper end,
said adjustment device mounted in an opening in said
head of the body, the lower end of said spring attached to 20
said arm of the front leg unit by a cross pin, a pair of
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
737,818
2,309,213
Barrett ______________ __ Sept. 1, 1903
Repper _______________ __ Jan. 26, 1943
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