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Патент USA US3046569

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July 31, 1962
3,046,562
A. l. BELLANTI
SHIRT COLLAR ~
Filed June 23, 1958
INVENTOR.
BY Awfzowyl 54hr,
WW
A I‘forncy
re
EQQ
_
,
3,046,562
Patented July 31, 1962
‘1
2
3,046,562
stressed to maintain the lapel portion ?at against the
SHIRT COLLAR
Anthony H. Bellanti, 2084 N. Summit Ave,
Milwaukee 2, Wis.
Filed June 23, 1958, Ser. No. 743,669
1 Claim. (Cl. 2—132)
This invention relates generally to shirt collars and
neck band portion.
>
The lapel portion of the stiffeners are. inserted to lie.
between the two plies of cloth at each end of the lapel of
the collar and is shaped to conform to the con?guration
of the collar so that it serves as a support to maintain the
shape of the collar. The lapel portion of the stiifeners
extend rearwardly from the extremities of the collar
more particularly to an improved shirt collar having a re
movable stiffener member for maintaining the shape of 10 approximately twenty-?ve percent of the length of the
collar so that about ?fty percent of- the collar is supported
the collar.
by the stilfeners along the area which is subject to wilting
Men’s dress shirts with attached soft collars have been
after use. The neck band portion of the stiffeners are
accepted, practically to the exclusion of other types of
inserted between the two plies of cloth at the neck band
dress shirts, because they are comfortable to the wearer.
of the collar to support the stiifeners in the collar and to
A disadvantage of this type of shirt lies in the fact that
maintain the lapel portion of the collar flat against the
the shoft collar fails to maintain its shape since it curls and
neck band of the collar in overlying relationship to main-v
wrinkles after a relatively short period of use despite the
taining the neat appearance of the collar even under se
fact that they may be starched to stiffen them. Various
vere conditions of use.
types of stays have been devised for attachment to the col
The foregoing and other objects of the invention, which
lar to alleviate this problem. However,‘ they are not 20
will become more apparent from the following detailed
entirely adequate because they are applied to the two ends
speci?cation setting forth an illustrative embodiment, may’
of the collar and are not adequately supported themselves
be achieved by the particular arrangement depicted in and.
to prevent the collar from curling outwardly while failing
described in connection with the accompanying drawings,
to extend su?iciently along the collar to avoid wrinkling
in which:
along the sides of the wearer’s neck. Furthermore, such
FIGURE 1 is a view in front elevation illustrating the
stays are of a relatively narrow width, and as the rear
two ends forming the forward portion of a shirt collar
ward portion'of the collar beginsrto wilt the presence of
constructed in accordance with the teachings of the pres~
the stays at the extremities of the collar becomes apparent.
ent invention;
It is therefore a general object of the present invention
FIGURE 2 is fragmentary perspective view of one
to provide a shirt collar with an improved arrangement for
end of the collar depicted in FIGURE 1, the collar end
maintaining its neat appearance even after prolonged use.
being shown in its unfolded position to illustrate its in-'
Another object of the present invention is to provide a
terior'surface with the lining being broken away to reveal
shirt collar with stiffener members that function to main
the outer ply of cloth; and
tain a neat appearance through the entire length of the
FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of the stiffener mem
collar.
I
35
ber in the unfolded position and which is shown in FIG
Another object of the present invention is to provide a
URE I inserted between the two plies of cloth at both‘
shirt collar with stiffener members that are retained in po
ends of the collar.
<
sition by the conventional collar elements without requir
Reference
is
now
made
more
particularly
to
the
draw
ing additional pockets or pins that puncture the material
40 ings and speci?cally to FIGS. 1 and 2 thereof which illus
of the collar.
_
trate a shirt collar incorporating the features of the pres-'
Another object is to provide a shirt collar with stiffener
ent invention. In the illustrated embodiment the collar
members that retain the lapel portion of the collar ?at
is shown attached to ‘a shirt 11 and comprises a neck band.
against the shirt.
12 and a lapel portion 13 with the neck band 12 being
Another object is to provide a shirt collar with stiffener
members that are ?rmly supported by the neck band of 45 sewed to'the shirt 11 for permanent attachment thereto.
The neck band 12 is worn against the neck of the
the collar to improve their efficiency in maintaining the
wearer and is therefore ?rmly supported while the lapel.
neat appearance of the lapel portion of the collar.
13 is folded downwardly to form a crease 14, the lapel‘ '
Another object is to provide a shirt collar with im-.
1'3'being the decorative portion of the collar whichv is ex
proved stiffener members which will not be outlined by
the material of the collar so that their presence will not be 50 posed to view and must be neatly maintained. In order
to'present the proper appearance, the lapel 13 must be' 7
noticeable along the exterior of the collar.
kept free of wrinkles and must lie flat against the neck.
A further object is to provide an improved shirt collar
band 12 and shirt 11. The lapel 13 is substantially
with stiffener members of simple and inexpensive con
wider than the neck‘ band 12 and therefore extends be
struction but which will e?iciently maintain a neat ap
pearance even under severe conditions of wear.
55 yond the‘edge of the neck band onto the body of they
According to this invention the improved shirt collar
comprises the conventional neck band and lapel portion
shirt ll. Due to the perspiration of the wearer and his
normal body movements, the lapel 13 begins to wilt after
formed of two plies of cloth with the inner ply serving as
a lining for the collar, the two plies being sewed together
its points 15 rearwardly along approximately the forward
downwardly over the neck band to form a crease at the
held. more tightly against the neck of the wearer and "
therefore does not lose its fresh‘ appearance. as rapidly.
a short period of use andtends to curl outwardly from
about the edges of the collar. The lapel portion is folded 60 one half of the collar. The rear portion of the lapel is
juncture of the neck band and the lapel. The lining is:
Furthermore, since the rear portion of the collar is dis
slit at the crease from both ends of the collar toward
posed’ along the back of the .neck and is frequently cov
the center of the collar or toward the back of the wearer’s
neck to provide an opening for admitting a stiffener‘ 65 ered by a jacket its appearance is not as important as is‘.
the forward portion of the collar which is visible when
member at each end of the collar; The stiffener mem
facing the wearer. ' The present invention thereforev pro
bers are disposed between the two plies of cloth and each
vides a pair of stiffener members generally identi?ed by
likewise includes a neck band portion and a- lapel portion.
the reference numeral 20,- One of which is shown in FIG-“
Thelapel portion of each stiffener is folded, over the
neck band'portion in overlying relationship to‘forrn a 70 URE 3. Each'stiffener member 20 extends'from' one‘
end of the collar rearwardly along approximately‘ 25 '
crease at the junction of the neck band portion and the
percent of the length of the collar so that the e‘ntirefore '
lapel portion with the material of the stiffener being
3,046,562
3
Ward one half of the collar is ?rmly supported by the
the neck band 12 of the collar and the lapel portion 27
stiffener members 20 which serve to prevent the wrinkling
will be urged toward the neck band portion 26 to retain
of the collar and overcome its tendency to curl outwardly -
its associated lapel 13 lying ?at against the body of the
shirt 11.
,
'
while at the same time holding it ?at against the neck
Since the lapel portion 27 of each stiffener member 20
band 12 and body of the shirt 11.
CH
occupies the entire area within the lapel 13 of the collar
Shirt collars are conventionally constructed of two plies
of cloth 21 and 22 as clearly shown in FIGURE 2 with
the inner ply 21 serving as a lining for the outer ply
22. The view in FIGURE 2 illustrates the inner ply or
from the stitching 23 to the crease 14 and extends rear
wardly approximately twenty ?ve percent of the length
of the lapel 13 it will not permit the forward portion
lining side of the collar but the lining has been shown 10 of the lapel 13 to wilt or curl and the outer ply 22 of
cloth will not outline the stiffener member 20 so that its
broken away to reveal the outer ply of cloth which is
presence will not be noticeable. Furthermore, the spring
exposed to view when the collar is worn. The two plies
eff-retgtending to urge the lapel portion 27 of the stiffener
of cloth 21 and 22 are sewed together by stitching 23 that
member 23 to lie ?at against the neck band portion 26
extends along the entire edge of the collar there being
will serve to maintain the lapel 13 of the collar lying flat
no stitching at the juncture of the neck band with the
against the body of the shirt 11. Thus, the neat and
lapel so that the area between the edges of the collar
fresh appearance of the collar will be maintained even
is free of any stitching. This fact is taken advantage of
under prolonged and severe conditions of use with the
in the present invention by arranging the stiffener member
perspiration and normal bodily movements having no
20 so that it occupies the neck band 12 as well as the
lapel 13 of the collar between the two plies of cloth 21 20 effect on its appearance. The stiffener member 20 may
be readily removed through the slit 25 for laundering
and 22 so that it is itself very ?rmly supported by the
purposes and may be conveniently reinserted when the
collar and will function very e?iciently to maintain the
shirt is ready to be worn. It will be noticed that no
neat appearance of the collar.
special pockets are required to be added to the conven
In order to provide access for the stiffener member
20, the inner ply of cloth or lining 21 is cut to form a 25 tional collar, it only being necessary to modify the collar
by forming the slit 25 to provide an access for the stiffener
slit 25 along the crease 14 and which extends from a
member 29. The stiffener member 20 cannot slide back
point adjacent to each extremity of the crease 14 rear
wardly along approximately 25 percent of the length of
wardly in the collar because its point 28 occupies the point
the collar.
band portion 26 and a lapel portion 27 in conformance
15 of the lapel 13 cf the collar and therefore cannot
move rearwardly toward the narrower width of the
with the construction of the collar. The sti?'ener mem
lapel 13.
The stiifener member 20 includes a neck
Although the illustrative embodiment of the present
ber 20 is fabricated of a semi-rigid but pliable material
such as, for example, Celluloid or other suitable plastic
invention has been described in considerable detail for
the purpose of making a full disclosure of a practical
material so that it will maintain its shape under all condi
tions to which it will be subjected in normal use but will 35 operative arrangement by means of which the invention
readily assume an arcuate shape along its length in ac
may be practiced, it is to be understood that the various
cordance with the path of the collar While being worn
novel features of the invention may be incorporated in
around the neck of the wearer.
other arrangements without departing from the spirit and
In order to place the stiffener member 20 in position
scope of the invention as de?ned in the subjoined claim.
between the two plies of cloth 21 and 22 of the collar, it
The principles of the invention having now been fully
is inserted between the two plies of cloth through the slit
explained in connection with the foregoing description
25 with the neck band portion 26 of the stiffener member
of the illustrative embodiments, the invention is hereby
20 occupying the space along the neck band 12 and the
claimed as follows:
lapel portion 27 of the stiffener member 20 occupying the
In a shirt collar formed of cloth and having a neck
space along the lapel portion 13 of the collar. It will be ob 45 band and a lapel with the lapel being folded over the
served in the drawings that the width of both ends of
neck band to form a crease at ‘the juncture of the neck
the lapel portion 13 are increased to form the points 15
band with the lapel, the lapel being widened at its ends
and the lapel portion 27 of each of the stiffener members
to form a decorative corner; a lining attached to the cloth
20 is shaped accordingly to form a point 28. The stiif
of the collar by stitching along the edges of the collar
ener member 20 is therefore inserted into the collar so 50 and ‘being creased in conformance with the crease in the
that the point 28 of its lapel portion 27 will extend for
cloth of the collar, said lining having a slit formed along
wardly into the collar against the stitching 23 at the point
its crease at both ends of the collar; a pair of stiffener
15 of the lapel 13 of the collar. From the point 28 the
members adapted to be inserted through the slits to be
lapel portion 27 of the stiffener member 20 it is gradu
disposed between said lining and the cloth of the collar
ally reduced in width to conform to the con?guration of
with one stiffener member being located at each end of
the lapel portion 13 of the collar so that its outer edge
the collar, each of said stiffener members comprising;
will lie along the stitching 23 and its inner edge will ex
a neck band portion conforming in height and shape to
tend along the crease 14. Furthermore, each of the
the con?guration of the neck band of the collar and
stiffener members 20 extends rearwardly from the ex
adapted to be located along the neck band of the collar
tremity of the collar at the point 15 along approximately
between said lining and the collar cloth; and a lapel por
twenty ?ve percent of its length to occupy the entire area
tion attached to said neck band portion along the central
of the forward one half of the lapel 13 to ?rmly sup
portion of [their juncture, the end portions of the lapel
and neck band portions being disconnected, with the lapel
port it.
The stiffener member 20 is folded along a crease 35
portion being folded downwardly along a crease formed
that is formed along the juncture of the neck band portion
at the juncture of said neck band portion with said lapel
26 and the lapel portion 27 with breaks 36 being pro
portion, the length of the juncture between the lapel and
vided at both ends of the crease 35 to facilitate the
neck band portions being less than the length of the slit
insertion of the stiffener member 20 between the two
in the lining to facilitate the insertion and removal of the
plies of cloth 21 and 22. The lapel portion 27 may there
stiffener from the collar, said lapel portion having a
fore be folded downwardly to lie against the neck band 70 widened end to form a corner in conformance with the
portion 26 and the material of the stiffener member 20
con?guration of the lapel corner and extending from the
is preferably stressed along the crease 35 by heat to form
end of the collar rearwardly along the front of the collar
a spring effect which tends to urge the lapel portion 27
to a point near the side of the collar.
against the neck band portion 26. With this arrangement,
the neck band portion 26 will be ?rmly supported within
(References on following page)
8,046, 562
6
References Cited in Ih? ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
643,793
653,800
1,223,521
Gould _______________ __ Feb. 20, 1900
Gould _______________ __ July 17, 1900
Renihan _____________ __ Apr. 24, 1917
6
1,375,182
1,403,769
2,110,525
2,165,990
2,587,491
,
Salerno ______________ __ Apr. 19, 1921
Gross _______________ __ Jan. 17, 1922
Kass ________________ _._ Mar. 8, 1938
Tos ________________ __ July 11, 1939
Less ________________ __ Feb. 26, 1952
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