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Патент USA US3046771

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July 31, 1962
R_ M. JANDA ETAL
3,046,761
METHOD OF KNITTING PATTERNED FABRIC
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed March 25, 1960
F151... l _
FLE—_E__
~26
INVENTORS
Flt/mm’ M. Jana/a
BY
James D. Maj/er
Wag”
ice
il'nited grates
B?dh??i
Patented July 31, 1962
2
1
are formed of the same overplaid yarn fed from the same
3,046,761
NETHQD 0F KNETIING PATTERNED FABRIC
Richard M. Janda, Mount Penn, and James D. Meyer,
yarn feeding station.
Another object ‘of the invention is the provision of a
novel method of knitting tubular patterned fabric hav
Wyornissing, Pa, assignors to Textile Machine Works,
Wyomissing, Pa, a corporation of Pennsylvania
Filed Mar. 25, 1960, Ser. No. 17,626
17 Claims. (Cl. 66-43)
ing an overplaid design incorporated therein on a multi
feed circular knitting machine in which a pattern area
is formed at each of the feeding stations and an over
suture joined pattern areas with an overplaid design in- _
of a novel method of knitting on a circular knitting ma
plaid design is incorporated therein in part at the same
feedingistation and in part at an adjacent feeding station.
This invention relates generally to the art of knitting
A still further object of the invention is the provision
and more particularly to weft knit tubular fabrics having 10
corporated therein and to a method of knitting such fab
rics.
chine having four knitting stations which includes knit
ting courses of an opposite pair of pattern areas at an
.
opposite pair of knitting stations during a ?rst pair of
Heretofore, in forming tubular fabrics, such as stock
ings, having overplaid designs in suture joined diamond 15 knitting strokes, knitting an overplaid design in the op
shaped pattern areas, generally referred to as Argyle or
iutarsia patterns, on a circular knitting machine having
four knitting stations, an opposite pair of the diamond
posite pair of pattern areas at the intervening pair of
knitting stations during the ?rst pair of knitting strokes,
and knitting a further overplaid design in the opposite
pair of pattern areas at the knitting stations at which they
shaped areas were knit of body yarns fed at an op
posite pair of the knitting stations and at the same time 20 were formed during a second pair of knitting strokes in
which an intervening pair of pattern areas is formed at
the overplaid design was knit into these diamond shaped
the intervening knitting stations.
areas of pairs of overplaid yarns at the intervening pair
Another object is the provision of a novel method of
of knitting stations. At the completion of the ?rst pair
knitting on a circular knitting machine having four knit
of diamond areas the yarns were changed at the knitting
stations and the intervening pair of diamond shaped 25 ting stations in which courses of an opposite pair of
areas were knit of body yarns at the intervening knitting
stations and the continuing lines of the overplaid design
pattern areas and an intervening pair of pattern areas are
‘formed at an opposite and an intervening pair of the
in these intervening diamond‘ areas were knit of over
knitting stations during alternate pairs of knitting strokes
at the sutures between the diamond areas, not only
caused a weak spot in the sutures but also caused a
nate pair of knitting strokes.
‘and in which an overplaid design is incorporated'in the
plaid yarns at the ?rst mentioned pair of knitting sta
tions; This changing of yarns to form the continuing 30 pairs of pattern areasin part at the knitting stations at
which they are knit during one pair of knitting strokes and
lines of the overplaid design, the yarn changes occurring
distortion in both the lines of the overplaid design and the
in part at an adjacent knitting station during an alter
A further object is the provision of a novel method of
sutures 'of the diamond areas. Also, due to the limited 35 reciprocatorily knitting upon a knitting machine having
a plurality of knitting stations including operating the
number of yarn changes that could be made at each of
machine during pairs of knitting strokes, knitting pairs
the knit‘dng'stations, the contrasting colors of both the
of courses of a pattern area at one of the knitting sta
diamond areas and the overplaid design was greatly
tions during alternate pairs of knitting strokes, knitting
limited and some desirable overplaid design eifects, such
as one in which the opposite spirally extending lines of 40 a course of an overplaid design between the courses of
the pair of courses at an adjacent knitting station during
the overplaid design are of different contrastingly colored
one of said alternate pairs of knitting strokes, and knit
yarns, could not be made.
ting another course of the overplaid design between the
In attempts to correct the defects in the fabric structure
caused by changinO the overplaid yarns at the sutures be- I ‘pairs of courses of the pattern area at the ?rst mentioned
knitting station during one of an intervening pair of
tween the diamond areas and to increase the range of the
overplaid design effects that could be produced in the
above manner, it was proposed to bodily move each over
plaid yarn back and forth between a pair of knitting
knitting strokes.
A still further object is the provision of a novel method
of reciprocatorily knitting upon a circular knitting ma
chine having a plurality of knitting stations including
stations, and thus eliminate the necessity of changing the 50 operating the machine during pairs of knitting strokes,
knitting pairs of courses of a pattern area at one of the
overplaid yarns in the patterned area. However, the in
stations, or move each overplaid yarn between all four
clusion of means to move the same yarns between an
knitting stations during alternate pairs of the knitting
strokes, knitting an overplaid design in one of the courses
adjacent pair or between all of the knitting stations in
of the pattern area at an adjacent knitting station during
the manner requiredunduly complicates the machine and
55 one of the alternate strokes of knitting, and knitting an
adds substantially to the cost thereof.
overplaid design in the other of the pair of courses at the
it is therefore an object of the invention to provide a
?rst mentioned knitting station during one of an inter
novel method of knitting tubular patterned fabric having
vening pair of knitting strokes.
an overplaid design incorporated therein, which over
Another object is the provision of a method of recipro
comes the above mentioned and other objections to prior
catorily knitting upon a circular knitting machine having
known methods of forming such patterned fabrics.
a plurality of knitting stations including knitting pairs of
It is another object of the invention to provide a novel
courses of a ?rst pattern area at a ?rst one of the knitting
method of operating a circular knitting machine having
stations
during alternate pairs of knitting strokes of the
four knitting stations to knit tubular pattern fabric hav
ing an overplaid design incorporated therein wherein such 65 machine, knitting pairs of courses of a second pattern
area at a second one of the knitting stations during in
yarn changes that are necessary in forming the overplaid
design are made at the center of the pattern areas.
tervening pairs of knitting strokes of the machine, knitting
portions of an overplaid design of a pair of design yarns
in the ?rst pattern area at the second knitting station dur
Another object of the invention is the provision of a
novel method of knitting a tubular fabric having a plu
rality of suture joined pattern areas and an overplaid 70 ing the alternate knitting strokes, knitting other portions
‘of the overplaid design of a pair of design yarns in the
design incorporated therein in which portions of the
?rst pattern area at the ?rst knitting station during the
overplaid design in an adjacent pair of the pattern areas
3,046,761 '
a
intervening knitting strokes, and changing thev pairs of
design yarns at the ?rst and second knitting stations which
knit the portions of the overplaid design in the ?rst pattern
area, at the center thereof.
i
‘
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, the stock- 7
ing illustrated includes a top or welt 15, a leg portion 16
and afoot portion 17. The leg portion’ is ornamented
.
with a diamond shaped Argyle pattern including an upper
opposite pair of side half diamonds 20 and 21, an in
' 'With these and other objects in view which will become
apparent from the following detailed. description of the
illustrative embodiments of the’ inventionrshown in the
termediate opposite pair’ of side diamonds '22 and 25,‘
a lower opposite pair ‘of side half diamonds 26 and.27,;
> accompanying drawings, the invention resides in the novel
a front and rear upper pair of diamondsj?il and 31, and
a front and rear lower pair of ‘diamonds, 32 and 35. Y The
features of the present'method of knitting and inrthe
‘product resulting therefrom, as hereinafter more particu-. 10 various diamonds, each of a solid color and of a'separate- '
=larly pointed out in’ the claims.
yarn, are joined along diagonally extending suture lines
In the drawings:
' .
34‘and are ornamented bylan overplaid design comprising
‘FIGURE 1 is a view of one side of a‘stocking having a J 7
relatively narrow lines of stitches of contrasting colored ' V
solid color design of the Argyle type and having an over
plaid design incorporated therein in accordance‘with'the
instant invention;
yarns, the overplaid lines generally‘dividing each diamond
15 into a group of four smaller diamonds.
~
The diamond shaped areas on the side ofrthe stocking
shown in FIG. .1 are provided with an overplaid design
knit of overplaid yarns 36 and 37 which start generally
7 FIG. 2v is a partial view of the opposite side of the stock
ing shown in'FIG. 1;
' ‘
' FIG. 3 is a plan view of the upper portion of the design
at'the center of’ the widest course of half diamond 20.
area of the stocking of FIG. 1, the view showing the fabric 20 and diverge along diagonal lines each parallel to one of the
opened along the front center of the stocking and being
sutures 34, which de?ne the lower edges of half diamond
turned 180° relative toFIG. 1 to illustrate the direction
in which the fabric vis knitted;
'
2i) and adjoining edges of diamonds 30‘ and 3,1, to intersect i .
>
The diverging diagonal?‘
the. other suture at its center.
FIG. .4 is a view diagrammatically illustrating one 7 lines of overplaid then continue throughthe diamonds
; method of forming the course structure of portions of the 25 '30 and'3'1 to about the centers thereof, then continue along,
. fabric of FIG. 3;
‘
'
converging lines to meet the :centers of sutures, between
these diamonds and the diamond 22.. The converging__ '
, 'FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4 illustrating a further
method of forming the course structure of FIG. v3;-and
lines of overplaid then ‘continue throughth‘e upper'half
7; FIGS. 6 to 11 are diagrammatic views illustrating dif
ferent stages in the method ,of knitting the'fabric .of FIG.
3 upon a four station circular machine. “ .
The overplaid design,-ofr the instant invention, is pre
ferably incorporated in circularly'knit stockings and is
30
of the diamond'22 to the ‘center thereof after which the
overplaid design follows diverging lines through the lower
half of the‘diamond 22, through the‘. diamonds 32 and 35
to about the centers thereoff‘ From the centers‘ of the -.
diamonds 32 and 35, the overplaid lines formed by the‘
preferably formed on a circular machine. having a plu
yarns
36 and 37 again converge through the lower half of
rality of knitting stations of the, type disclosed in the co 35 these diamonds and through the lower half diamond v26v ‘
'pending application of Benjamin Franklin Coile, Serial ' to'meet at about the center of the longest course of the
No.v 329,8O1M?led January 6, 1953, and in the corre
sponding British Patent No. 790,141 published February
5, 1958, hereinafter collectively referred to as ‘the Coile
disclosure, to which reference maybe made.
half diamond 26.
.
I
.~ .
In the same manner the diamond shaped areas on, the
side of the stocking shown in FIG. 2 are provided with
The ma- 40
7
an overplaid design knit of overplaid yarns. 40 and 41 - I
chine of the Coile disclosure is adapted for both rotary and
reciprocatory knitting and includes means for feeding a
plurality of yarns to selected groups of needles at each of
. four knitting stations with certain of the needles selected
‘incorporated therein, during the knitting of these ,dia- '
monds. It will be vnoted that the “lines of overplaid
' formed of the yarns 36 and 41 meet‘generally at the‘cen
ters of the diamonds 31 and 35 and the lines formed
at each stationalso being adapted for selection at adja 45 of the yarns 37 and 443 meet generally at'the center'sv
cent ones of the other stations.
. v
.
In the machine of the Coile disclosure, stockings of the
' Argyle or intarsia type ornamented with solid color, suture
joined, four section diamond shaped pattern areas'may be
knit by more than one method. One such method’ in
cludes the formation of a complete course made up of
suture joined partial courses of each of the four sections,
the four partial courses being knit simultaneously at the
of the diamonds’ 3t) and 32.
,
V
’
Heretofore, the'lines of overplaid formed of the yarns
36, 37 and 46, 41 were unit in the various diamond shaped.
areas in the above described, manner by the method set
‘forth in Patent No. 2,919,565, issued ‘January 5, 1960.
According to the method of said Patent 2,919,5651the"
opposite upper side half diamonds, the opposite lower‘
side half diamonds and the opposite side full diamonds
four knitting stations, numbered 1 to 4, during each
are knit at stations Nos. 2 and 4 of suitable body yarns f
reciprocatory stroke of the needle‘ cylinder. In a second 55 While at the same timethe pairs of overplaid yarns are
method the machine may be operated to knit an opposed
incorporated therein at stations Nos. '1 and 3. The front
pair of partial courses of an opposed pair of pattern areas
and rear upper and lower diamonds are knit at stations
5 at a correspondingly opposed pair of stations, e.g. Nos.
Nos. 1 and 3 of suitable body yarns while the same pairs
v1 and 3, while the other pair of’ stations Nos. 2 and 47 are
of overplaid yarns previously’ positioned at stationsyNos.
inactive, during reciprocatory strokes of the machine. In ,60 1 and 3 are moved to the stations Nos. 2v and 4 for in
this latter method, generally referred as the ?ll-in system
of knitting, the opposed pair of pattern areas may be com
pleted, or partially completed, at their associated pair of
stations, after which the said pair of stations Nos. 1 and
‘3 is J'made inactive and the previously inactive pair of sta
tions Nos. 2 and 4'is'made active to knit the in-between
'pair of pattern areas. It will be understood that the
diamond shaped areas are contiguous and are suture joined
along their outlines in the manner set forth in said Coile
disclosure. The ?ll-in system of knitting is not limited to '
V vthe formation of diamond shaped areas and other solid
color areas may also be knitted by changing the needle
selection setup of the machine Itis withthe ?ll-in sys
corporation in the frontand rear diamonds. Thus the
overplaid yarns of the pairs were bodily moved back and
forth between the stations to provide the overplaid lines . a
in the various pairs of ‘diamonds to form the full com—
‘plementof the diamond shaped areas required in thetubu
lar stocking fabric.v
'
'
‘diamond
The pairs
areasofgenerally
overplaidinyarns
the manner
were incorporated
disclosed in Patent
in the
No. 2,917,912, issued December 22, 1959, that is‘ during
each pair of knitting strokes to form the diamond areas, 7
one overplaid yarn of a‘ pair is knit during one of the
pair of‘ strokes and the other'overplaid yarnof the pair
is knit during the other of the pair of strokes.
’
tem of solid color knitting that the method of incorporat
In one method of knitting according to’ the instant in
ing an overplaid design is herein described.
75 vention a pair of yarns are. positioned at each of the
3,046,761
knitting stations, Nos. 1. to 4, one of the yarns of each
pair being adapted to be knit as a body yarn at its sta
tion to form diamond shaped areas and the other yarn
of the pair being adapted vto be knit as an overplaid
yarn at its station to form lines of overplaid in the dia
mond shaped areas as above set forth.
As shown in FIG.
3 which illustrates the upper part of vthe patterned leg .
portion of the stocking of FIGS. 1 and 2 but in reversed
position to indicate the direction in which it is formed
on the machine, each of the knitting stations Nos. 1 to 4 10
is provided with a group of yarn feed ?ngers, one ?nger
44 positioned at the left of the group at each station be
6
the ?ngers 45 for the overplaid yarns 37 and 41 are in
active'positions and the ?ngers 44 for the main yarns
46 and 47 are in inactive positions. During the ?rst of
the next pair of strokes of the machine, which is in the
reverse direction as indicated by the arrow in FIG. 7 a
course of the diamonds 31 and 39* is formed at stations
1 and 3 and as the ‘groups of needles on which the half
diamonds 20 and 21 are formed pass through stations
2 and 4, selected ones are raised at stations 2 and 4 to
take the overlaid yarns 37 and 41 at the latter stations
to form a course of the overplaid design in the half
diamonds 20. and 21. Duringthe second stroke of the
latter pair of strokes ‘of the machine the needles are
raised to take the body yarn at the stations Nos. 1 and 3
ing adapted to feed the yarn to knit the diamond areas
at its station and one ?nger 45 positioned at the right of '
the group at each station being adapted to feed the yarn 15 to form a second course of the diamonds 31 and 30, re
spectively, and none of the needles are raised at stations
to knit the overplaid design in the manner hereinafter set
Nos. 2 and 4 to take the overplaid yarns at the latter
‘forth.
stations. Subsequent full courses of the half diamonds
For operating the pairs of ?ngers 44, 45 at each of the
20 and 21 and partial courses of the overplaid design in
stations the ?ngers are initially moved from inactive to
active position by pattern means such as that shown in 20 these half diamonds and full courses‘ of the diamonds
31 and 30 are formed in a like manner throughout the
said Coile disclosure and the pairs'of ?ngers 44 and 45
portion of the fabric between the course 55 and a course
at the stations are then moved between active and in
56 at which point the diverging lines of overplaid design
active positions to feed their yarns by means and in the
formed in the half diamond 20 by the yarns 36 and 37
manner set forth in a co-pending application of James
D. Moyer, Serial No. 861,842, ?led December 24, 1959. 25 meets the sutures 34 between this half diamond and the
According to said application Serial No. 861,842 a ?nger
such as‘?nger 44 for a body yarn is positioned to feed
its yarn at each of stations 2 and 4 and a ?nger such as
diamonds 31 and 30, respectively, and the diverging lines
of the overplaid design formed in the‘ half diamond 21
by the yarns 40 and 41 meet the sutures between the
half diamond 21 and the diamonds 3t} and 31,‘ respective
?nger 45 for an overplaid yarn is positioned to feed its
yarn at stations 1 and 3 during alternate pairs of knitting 30 ly. It is to be noted that the courses between the courses
>55 and 56 in FIG. 4 represent only a few of the courses
strokes while the other ?ngers at these stations are in in
required in forming the actual fabric. Also, the arrows
active positions. During the intervening pairs of knitting
shown in FIG. 4 indicate the direction of knitting of the
strokes the position of the ?ngers are reversed at the sta
courses of diamonds and the overplaid courses, the ar
tions, that is, ?ngers 44 are active and ?ngers 45 are in
active at stations 1 and 3 and ?ngers 45 are active and 35 rows pointing toward the right representing a reverse
stroke of knitting and those pointing toward the left rep
?ngers 44 are inactive at stations 2 and 4.
resenting a forward stroke of knitting.
At the start of the knitting of the diamond areas, which
At the course 56, the overplaid yarns 36, 37, 4t} and 41'
is indicated generally by a course 55 in FIGS. 3 and 4,
cross- over the sutures and in subsequent courses continue
the ?nger 44 at station No. 2 is in feeding position to
feed a body yarn 46 for the half diamond 20 and the 40 along the same diagonal lines in the diamonds 3t) and 31
until yarns 37 and 40 meet at the front of the sock and
?nger 45 for the overplaid yarn 37 at this station is in
yarns 36 and 41 meet at the rear of the sock generally
inactive position. The ?nger 44 at station No. 4 for a
in a course 57 which extends approximately through the
body yarn 47 is in feeding position to knit the half dia
centers of the diamonds 3t} and 31. In this ‘portion of
mond 21 and the ?nger 45 for the overplaid yarn 41
is in inactive position at this station. At the stations 45 the fabric between courses 56' and 57 during the ?rst
stroke of knitting of a ?rst pair of knitting strokes, which
Nos. 1 and 3 the ?ngers 45 for the overplaid yarns 36
is in the reverse direction, the needles are raised at sta
and 40 are in active feeding position and the ?ngers 44
tionsv Nos. 2 and 4 to take'the body yarns at these sta
for body yarns 48 and 49 for knitting the diamonds 31
tions to form a course of the half diamonds 20 and 21
and 30 are in inactive positidn. During the ?rst stroke
of a ?rst pair of reciprocating strokes of the needles, dia 50 and as the needles pass through stations Nos. 1 and 3
they remain in lowered position to miss the overplaid
grammatically indicated at St) in FIGS. 6 to 11, with the
yarns 36 and 40. During the second or forward stroke
needles moving in the clockwise or reverse direction, all
of the ?rst pair of strokes, which is in the direction of
of the needles for the half diamonds 2t) and 21 are raised
the arrow of FIG. 8, the needles are again raised at sta
to take the body yarns 46 and 47 to form a ?rst course
of these half diamonds and as the needles pass through 55 tions Nos. 2 and 4 tov take yarns 46 and 47 to form a
course of the half diamonds 2t} and 21 and'as the needles
stations Nos. 1 and 3 none of the needles are raised to
pass through stations Nos. 1 and 3rselected ones are
take yarn at the latter stations. During the second stroke
raised to take the overplaid yarns 36 and 40 at the latter
of the ?rst pair of strokes, which is in a counterclockwise
stations to form a course of the overplaid design in
or forward direction, indicated by the arrow in FlG. 6,
selected ones of the groups of needles forming the half 60 diamonds 31 and 30. During the first of the next pair
of knitting strokes, which is in the reverse direction as
diamonds 2t? and 21 are raised at stations Nos. 1 and 3
indicated by the arrow in FIG. 9, all of the needles of
to take the overplaid yarns 36 and 4% at these stations
the group of needles forming the diamonds 31 and 343
and form a course of the overplaid design in the half
are raised at stations Nos. 1 and ‘3 to take the body
diamonds 2i) and 21 and as the needles continue to move
in the forward direction all of the needles of the needle 65 yarns 48 and 49 at these stations to form a course of
groups forming these half diamonds are raised to take the
diamonds 31 and >30 and as these needles pass through
body yarns 46 and 47 at stations 2 and 4 to form a
second course of the half diamonds 20 and 21.
stations Nos. 2 and 4, selected ones are raised to take
the overplaid yarns 37 and 41 at stations Nos. 2 and 4
During the next pair of knitting strokes, the positions
to form a course of the overplaid design in the diamonds
of the yarn ?ngers are changed at the knitting stations, 70 31 and 30. In the second or forward stroke of this lat
the ?ngers 44 for the body yarns 48 and 49 are moved
to knitting position at the stations 1 and 3 and the
?ngers 45 for the overplaid yarns 36 and 40 are moved
vter pair of strokes, the needles are raised at stations Nos.
1 and 3 to take the body yarns 48 and 49 to form an
other course of the diamonds 31 and 3t} and all of the
to inactive positions atthese stations. At stations 2 and 4
the position of the yarn ?ngers are also changed so that 75 needles remain in lowered position as they pass through
3,046,761
7
stations Nos. 2 and 4. This sequence of operations con
tinues until the course 57 is reached.
7
.
maining stitches of the body yarn are ?lledin at the
, V
same station.
Atthe course 57, which is ‘the approximate'centerof
the diamonds 30 and ?lythe direction of'the diagonal
lines of the overplaid design formed by the overplaid
‘
,
‘._.
y
‘
.
,
.
_
In the foregoing description at single feed ?nger has‘
been referred to at’ each-of the knitting stations for‘fee‘d- V 1, 7
ing the body yarn whereby? vertically adjacent diamonds
‘yarns 36,v '37, '40 and 41 is reversed vto extend along
will be of the same color. However‘ it will be under~
converging'lines in thesendiamonds. Course 57/3180
corresponds to the points at which the half v‘diamonds 20
stood that such diamonds may be made of contrasting’
colors through the ‘use of a plurality of .?ngers for the
and Zlterminate’and the full diamonds, 22 and 25 start.
body yarn at each station with a yarn, change made at
Following the course 57 during'the ?rst or reverse stroke 10 the juncture of the vertically ‘adjacent diamonds all as .
of the ?rst pair of strokes, as indicated by thearrow in
described in said Coile disclosure‘.v .
.
FIG. 10, the appropriate needles are raised to take the
It will be recognized'while the overplaidllines knitted ,
fyarns 46 and 47 at stationsNos. 2 and 4 to:_forrn_a course
1 into the "fabric as described'above actually are of zigzag
of the diarnonds 22 and 25 and as the needles associated ' formation the appearance, given to the sock-is one of.
with the diamonds 31 and 30 passthrough stations Nos. 15 continuous spiral lines extending in opposite directions
.1 and 3, selected ones of the latter needles are» raised to
around the sock in the patterned area, the spiral lines
take the overplaid, yarns 36 and 40 at stations Nos. 1‘ and
intersecting at the centersrof the
diamonds. In thefore'
_
3 to form a course of the overplaid design in the diamonds
going description reference has been made to the use of '
. 31 and 30. . During the second or forward stroke of the
only'single feed ?ngers feeding a single overplaid yarn . .7 '
?rstpair of strokes, the appropriate ‘ncedlesare raised at .20 at each of the knitting stations. If all of the overplaid
stations Nos. 2 and 4 to take'the yarns~46 and 47 to
yarns are of the same color the spiral effect is'rrnain~' '
form a course of the diamonds 22 and 25 and all ofthe
tained hutjthe overplaid pattern is of. course limitedito a‘
single color. It is desirable for certain patterns that'vthe
needles remain intlowered position as they pass through,
stations Nos..1 and 3. During the ?rst or‘ reverse stroke ~ 1-continuous spiral lines extending in one direction contrast _
of the'next pair of strokes, all of the needles associated 25 in color with the continuous spirallines extending in the‘
'
other direction. The instant invention readily. lends-it-_
with the diamonds 31.and 30 are raised at stations 1 and .
3 to take the body yarns'48 and 49 and form a course .
self to "such- construction.‘ ' All that isneces'sary: is the‘
of the diamonds ‘31 and 30 and all of these needles re-,
provision ofl'two yarn feed ?ngers knitting two yarns of
main in lowered. position as they pass through stations
contrasting‘ colors, at each of the knitting ‘stations. At ’
Nos. 2 and 4.. During the second vor forward stroke-of 3.0 the start ‘of the‘ knitting operation the- yarns 4t} and S6,
the last, mentioned pair-of strokes, indicated by the ar
.frorexample, will be of onecolor and the yarns 41 and
row in FIG. 11, selected ones of the group of needles
'
associated with the diamonds ‘31 and 30 are raised at sta- I
tions Nos. 2 and 4 to take the overplaid yarns 37 and
41 to form a course of the overplaid design in thesedia 35
.monds and all of the. needles of the groups associated
with the diamonds 31‘and 31*} are raised to take and knit
[the yarns 48 and 49 at the stations 1 and 3"to form a
course of these diamonds. 'Ihis'sequence of operations
continues until the course 58 is reached.
'
’ ‘
At about the course 58 the converging’ lines of the.
' overplaid'design again cross over ‘the sutures between
the diamonds and‘ continue in the diamonds 22 and 25
'to meet at about a course 59 at the'center of the diamonds
. 62
and 25. From course 58 to course 59, the pairs of
37 of a second or contrasting'oolorh 'When knitting has
proceeded to the course 57 (FIG. '3) yarn changes are.
made at stations Nos. land 3, to substitute an overplaid"
yarn of the second color. Similar yarn changes are made
ofthe ?rstcolor. When the course 55°..is reached the
overplaid yarn changes are made at stations Nos. 1 and
3 to again feed yarns of the ?rst color and yarn changes ~ 7
40 are made at stations Nos. 2 and 4 to again feed yarns
of the second color, such operations continuing through
out the patterned’g area. A patterned area knit ‘in suchra‘
, manner will, as referred to above, give the appearance of
'
continuous spiral lines of one color crossing continuous '
spiral lines of the contrasting color even though the over
between the courses‘55 and 56 except that/the overplaid
plaid lines are actually knit of zigzag formation. It will
be recognized that‘ ‘by making yarn changes at other
courses are'knit in the same direction as in‘ the courses
points other effects may be obtained.
r ' courses are knit in the same manner as in'the courses
a v
at the‘ stations Nos. 2 and 4 to substitute overplaid yarns ' '
.
g
It is believed to be obvious from the foregoing that,
between courses 57 and 58, that is the overplaid yarns'36
and 4!} are knit in reverse strokes and'the overplaid yarns
employing the method of the instant invention an over- 7. ‘
3'7 and 41 are knit in forward strokes.
plaid yarn associated with each knitting station of a'
In a modified form of the invention, as shown diagram
vrnatically in FIGS, the body yarns and the overplaid '
yarns are knit during knitting strokes in the same direc
multistation circular knitting, machine ' is not only‘
tion and at'the same knitting stationsras above set forth
in connection With FIG. 4. However, in contrast to the
method illustrated in FIG. 4 where the overplaid yarns
are knit as ‘separate courses between a pair of courses of
the diamond areas, in the method of FIG. 5 one or more
adapted to knit an overplaid design in a portion of-the
diamond areas knit at the same station but is also adapted 1
to knit a continuation of the same overplaid design inla
portion of the diamond areas knit at an adjacent station
without making yarn changes at the sutures of the dia- .
mond areas or without bodilyrmoving the overplaid yarn ~
between the adjacent stations. Also, a pair of overplaid
yarns associated with each knitting station may be knit
stitches of the overplaid ‘yarns are inserted between
stitches in the courses formed of the, body yarns. For 60 m a like manner, the yarns at each station being sub
V stituted for each other at the centers of the diamond"
instance, in those courses‘ where the stitches of the over
areas to form alternate portions of the overplaidtdesign
plaid design are knit in thesame knitting stroke that
‘in the diamond areas knit at the same station and at, the
knit a course of the diamond area, all of the needles‘
adjacent stations, whereby the spiral lines of the over
knitting the diamond area, except the needle or needles
that are torknit the overplaid design, are raised to take 65 plaid design extending in one direction areof a different
. and knit the body yarn at its station; . The needles’ to knit
the overplaid design and which did not take yarn dur
character or color than the spiral lines extending in the '
opposite direction.
Of course, the improvements speci?cally shown‘ and,
ing the knitting of the body area are then raised to take
described by which the above results are obtained, can
and knit the overplaid yarn at the adjacent station.
70 be changed and modi?ed ‘in various ways Without de~ \
'Where the stitches of the overplaid design are to be knit
‘in, a diamond area during knitting of a body coursev of ~
an adjacent diamond area, the appropriate needles are '
parting from the invention erein disclosed and herein- 7
after claimed. '
We claim:
.
I
raised to take and knitrstitches of the overplaidiyarn at
1. A method of knitting on a circular knitting ‘machine
a station and during a subsequent knitting stroke, the re 75
having four knitting stations and adapted to reciproca
3,046,761
a ?rst pair of oppositely disposed fabric areas at a ?rst
"of knitting a course of overplaid design in said ?rst pair
of fabric areas at said other pair of knitting stations during
opposed pair of said knitting stations, the step of knitting
an overplaid design in each of said ?rst pair of fabric
areas at each of a second opposed pair of knitting sta
tions, the step of knitting a second pair of oppositely
disposed fabric areas at said second opposed pair of knit
ting stations, and the step of knitting an overplaid design
in each of said ?rst pair of fabric areas at said ?rst op
posed pair of knitting stations.
the second of said ?rst pair of knitting strokes, and the
step of knitting a course of overplaid design'in said ?rst
pair of fabric areas at said ?rst pair of stations during the
?rst of said second pair of knitting strokes.
7. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine
10 having four knitting stations and adapted to reciproca
torily knit at said four stations, including the step of
knitting pairs of courses of a ?rst opposed pair of fabric»
2. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine
having four knitting stations and adapted to knit at said
stations during pairs of re'ciprocatory strokes of said ma
areas at a ?rst opposed pair of said stations during pairs
of knitting strokes, the step of knitting pairs of courses
chine, including the step of knitting a ?rst opposed pair
of fabric areas at a ?rst opposed pair of said stations dur
15 of a second opposed pair of fabric areas at'the other
opposed pair of staid stations during pairs of knitting
ing a ?rst pair of said reciprocatory strokes, the step of
strokes, the step of knitting a course of overplaid design
knitting a second opposed pair of fabric areas at the other
between the courses of a pair of-courses of said ?rst op~
opposed pair of said stations during a second pair of said
reciprocatory strokes, the step of knitting an overplaid
design in said ?rst opposed pair of fabric areas at said
other opposed pair of said stations during said ?rst pair
of reciprocatory strokes, and the step of knitting an over
plaid design in said ?rst opposed pair of fabric areas at
said ?rst opposed pair of knitting stations during said
second pair of reciprocatory strokes.
10
pair of fabric areas at the other opposed pair of knitting
stations during a second pair of knitting strokes, the step
torily knit ‘at said stations, including the step of knitting
posed pair of fabric areas at said other opposed pair of
knitting stations, and the step of knitting a course of
overplaid design between said pairs of courses of said ,
?rst opposed pair of fabric areas at said ?rst opposed
pair of said stations.
>
8. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine
having four knitting stations and adapted. to reciprocate
to knit at said stations including the step of-reciprocatorily
-
3. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine
havingfour knitting stations and adapted to knit as said
knitting a yarn at each of a ?rst opposed pair of said sta
tions and forming a pair of courses of each of a ?rst
stations during pairs of reciprocatory strokes of said ma
chine, including the step of knitting a ?rst opposed pair
opposed pair of fabric areas, the step of knitting a design
of fabric areas at a ?rst opposed pair ‘of said stations dur 30 yarn at each of an intervening opposed pair of said sta-‘
tions and forming an overplaid design course of said yarns
ing one of said pairs of reciprocatory strokes, the step
in each of said ?rst opposed pair of fabric areas, the step
of knitting a second opposed pair of fabric areas at an
of reciprocatorily knitting a yarn at each of said inter
vening opposed pair of said stations and forming a pair
of courses of each of an intervening opposed pair of fabric
other opposed pair of said stations during another of said
pairs of reciprocatory strokes, the step of knitting an over
plaid design in said ?rst opposed pair of fabric areas at
said other opposed pair of said stations during said one of
areas, and the step of knitting a design yarn at each of
said ?rst opposed pair of said stations and forming a
second overplaid design course of said last mentioned
design yarn in each of said ?rst opposed pair of fabric
said pairs of reciprocatory strokes, and the step of knit
ting an overplaid design in said ?rst opposed pair of
fabric areas at said ?rst opposed pair of said stations
during said other pair of reciprocatory strokes.
4. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine
having four knitting stations and adapted to reciproca
torily knit at said ‘stations, including the step of knitting
a pair of courses in each of a ?rst opposed pair of fabric
areas at a ?rst opposed pm'r of said stations, the step of
knitting a pair of courses in each of a second opposed
pair of fabric areas at a second opposed pair of said sta
tions, the step of knitting a course of overplaid design
in each of said second pair of fabric areas at said second
40
areas.
'
9. A method according to claim 8 including the addi
tional steps of reciprocatorily knitting a yarn at each of
said ?rst opposed pair of stations and forming a further
pair of courses'of each of said ?rst opposed pair of fabric
areas, knitting said design yarn at each of said intervening
opposed pair of said stations and forming an overplaid
design course of said design yarn in each of said inter
vening opposed pair of fabric areas, knitting a yarn at
each of said intervening opposed pair of stations and
opposed pair of knitting stations during knitting of said
forming a further pair of courses of each of said inter
vening opposed pair of fabric areas, and knitting said
pair of courses in said ?rst pair of fabric areas, and the
design yarn at each of said ?rst opposed pair of stations '
step of knitting a course of overplaid design in each of
and forming an overplaid design course of said yarn in
said second pair of fabric areas at said ?rst opposed pair
each of said intervening opposed pair of fabric‘ areas.
of knitting stations during knitting of said pair of courses
55
10. A method of knitting on needles of a circular knit
of said second pair of fabric areas.
5. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine
ting machine having four knitting stations and adapted to
having four knitting stations and adapted to reciproca
torily knit at said stations, including the step of knitting
reciprocate to knit at/said stations, including the step of
courses of a ?rst opposed pair of fabric areas at a ?rst
group of needles at each of an opposed pair of knitting
reciprocatorily knitting a yarn on all'of the needles of a.
opposed pair of knitting stations during a ?rst pair of 60 stations and forming a pair of courses of each of a ?rst
pair of oppositely disposed fabric areas, the step of knit
knitting strokes, the step of knitting courses of a second
ting a design yarn at each of an intervening pair of knit~
opposed pair of fabric areas at the other opposed pair of
ting stations on selected needles of each of said needle
said stations during a second pair of knitting strokes, the
groups and forming an overplaid design course of said
step of knitting a course of overplaid design in said ?rst
pair of fabric areas at said other opposed pair of stations 65 yarns in each of said ?rst pair of fabric areas, the step of
knitting a yarn on all of the needles of another group at
during one of said ?rst pair of knitting strokes, and the
each of said intervening pair of knitting stations and
steps of knitting a course of overplaid design in said ?rst
forming a pair of courses of an intervening pair of op
pair of fabric areas at said ?rst opposed pair of stations
positely disposed fabric areas, and the step of knitting
during one of said second pair of knitting strokes.
6. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine 70 a design yarn at each of said ?rst pair of knitting stations
having four knitting stations and adapted to reciprocatorily
on selected ones of each of said ?rst mentioned needle
groups and forming a second overplaid design course of
said yarns in each of said ?rst pair of fabric areas.
11. A method as set forth in claim 10 including the
pair of knitting stations during a ?rst pair of knitting
strokes, the step of knitting courses of a second opposed 75 additional steps of knitting said design yarn at said inter
knit at said stations, including the step of knitting courses
of a ?rst opposed pair of fabric areas at a ?rst opposed
3,046,761
11
yening pair of knitting stations on selected needles of said
other ~needle groups and forming an overpiaid design '7
course of said design yarns in'said intervening pair of
fabric areas and knitting said design yarns at said ?rst
15. A method'of knitting on a circular knitting machine .
having a plurality of knitting stations and adapted to recipe
'rocatorily knit a separate pair of yarns at each station of
said plurality of stations, including the step of knitting'a
pair of knitting stations on selected needles of said other 5 pattern area of one of said pair of yarns at'eachstatio‘n
needle groups and forming an overplaid design coursein
of a ?rst opposed pairlof said stations, the'step, of knitting
said intervening pair of ‘fabric areas.
‘
"
a pattern area of one of said'pair. of yarns atteach station
12. A method of knitting on a circular knitting ma
of a second opposed pair of said stations, the step of "
knitting the‘ other of said pair; of yarns at each station’
chine having four knitting stations and'adapted torecip
rocatorily knit'at said stations, including the step of feed
or“ said ?rst opposed pair of stations and, forming an over
ing a yarn to all of the needles of a group of needles at
piaid design in the pattern areas knit'thereat, and the “step
of knitting said other yarn of said pair at each station of
said ?rst opposed pair of stations and ‘forming an over
plaid design in the, pattern area knit at an adjacent‘ one of
3each of an opposed pair ‘of knitting stations and'simul
. taneou'sly ‘forming a ?rst course in each of a first. opposed
pair of fabric areasduring a reciprocatory knitting stroke
‘in onetdirection, the step ofnfeeding' a‘design yarn to
‘selected needles of said groupsof needles at each or" an
15 ‘said second opposed pair oflstations.
7
16. A method of knitting a circular knitting machine
intervening opposed pair’ of knitting ‘stations and simul
7 having a plurality of knitting‘ stations and adapted to
taneously forming a course of said "design yarn in said
reciprocatorily knit a separate plurality of yarns at each,’
?rst opposedipair of fabric areas during said knitting
stroke in said one direction, the step of feedingisaid yarn
station of said pluralityiof stations, including the step
of knitting a pattern area of one of said plurality of yarns
to'all of'the needles of a group of needles at each of said
at each station'of a ?rst opposed pair of said stations, the
step of knitting a pattern area of one of said-plurality of
y‘ams at each station of a second opposed pair of said
' opposed pair of'knitting stations and simultaneously :form-_
' ing a second ‘course in_‘each of said’ first opposed pair of
fabric areas-during a knitting stroke in an opposite direc
stations, ‘and the, step of knitting a second one of said‘
tion, the stepof feeding a yarn to another group of needles 25 plurality of yarns at each station of said ?rst opposed pair
"at each of said interevning opposed pair of knitting sta- '
of stations and forming an over-plaid design from the
tiqns ‘and forming courses of an inten'ening opposed pair
of fabric areas during a pair of‘knitting'strokes in opposite
directions, and the step of feeding a second designv'yarn to
, center of the pattern area formed at'the‘ same stationfto' '
the center of the pattern area formed at aniadjacent one
of ‘said second opposed pair of stations,
'
a '
"
selected needles of said ?rst group of needles at each of 30
17. A method of knitting on a circular knitting machine
said opposed
of knitting stations andfforining a course
having a plurality of knitting stations and adaptedto recip
of saidvsecond, design yarn'in said ?rst opposed pair of
rocatorily knit a plurality of yarns ateach‘station of said
fabric areas during one of said ‘last mentioned pair of
plurality of stations, including the step of knitting a pattern
area of at least one of said plurality of yarns at each station"
knitting
i
strokes.
,
V
.
,
i
'
13. A method of‘ knitting on a circular knitting machine 35 of a?rst opposed pair of said stations, the step~of knitting;
having'a plurality of knitting stations and adapted to recip
a pattern area of at least one of said plurality of yarns at
each stationof a second opposed pair or‘ said stations,rthe
rocate to knit'tat saidv stations including the step of recipro
' 'catorily knitting‘ courses ‘of a ?rst opposed pair of'fabric
pattern areas knit at said stations-being suture joined to - '
areas at'a?rst opposed pair of knitting stations during a
each other, the step of knitting a second one of said plu
?rst pair ‘of knitting strokes, the ‘step of knitting courses 40 rality of yarns at each station of said ?rst opposed pair of
of a second opposed pair of fabric areas at a second
stations and forming a portion of an overplaid design, of
opposed pair of knitting stations during a second pair of
said second yarn from the. center of'the pattern area,
knitting strokes, the step of knitting stitches of an over
‘formed at the same station to the center of the pattern
:plaid design in one of‘ said courses of, said ?rst opposed
area formed at an adjacent one oftsaid second opposed 7
pair of fabric areas at said second opposed pair of knitting 45 pair of stations, the step of substituting a third one of said
stations during one of said ?rst pair of knitting strokes,
plurality of yarns for said second yarn at each of said ?rst
and the step of knitting stitches of said overplaid design
‘opposed pair of stations at the centers of the pattern
‘in the other of said courses of said ?rst opposed pair of
areas formed at said second opposedpair of stations,"
_ pattern areas at said ?rst opposed pair of knitting stations
during onev of said second pair of knitting strokes.
50
14. A method ofknitting on a circular knitting machine
having a plurality of knitting stations, and adapted to
reciprocate toknit at said stations including reciproca
torily knitting a yarn at a ?rst one of said stations and
I forming a pair of courses ofa ?rst fabric area, the step of . 55
and the step of knitting said third yarn at each of said
?rst opposed pair of stations and forming a portion of
said overplaid design of said third yarn from the center
of ‘the pattern area formed at the adjacent one of said
second opposed pair of stations to the center of the pattern
area formed at the same station. '
jknitting a design yarn at a second one of said stations and
forming stitches of said design yarn in one of said pair
of courses of said ?rst fabric areas, the step of reciproca
torily knitting’ a yarn at said second station and forming
Eaj pair of courses of a second fabricarea, and the step of
knitting a design yarn at said ?rst, station and'forrning
stitches of said design yarn in the other of said pair of
‘courses of said ?rst, tfabric area.‘
7
'
I
References Qited in the tile of this patent
.
2,917,912’
2,919,565 "
2,924,956
2,941,385
2,974,505
UNITED STATES PATENTS
Levin ___________ __V_-____ Dec. 22,1959 '
Levin ____; ____________ __ Jan. 5, 1960
Levin a _________ __.~_._'.T____ Feb. 16, 1960
' Levin ____________ __i_____ June 21, 1960
Levin ________________ __ Mar. 14, 1961
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