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Патент USA US3047179

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July 31, 1962
3,047,168
R. G. BYRD ET AL
TOBACCO STRINGERS
Filed Nov. 2, 1959
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United States PatentO?lice
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Patented July’ 31, 1962
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3,047,168
Referring now to the drawings, 10 represents a table
or other suitable working surface of a size and height for
TUBA-£136 STRENGERS
Roy G. Byrd, James B. Byrd, and Edgar .l. Byrd, Nor
man Park, Ga, assignors of forty-nine percent to
K. Wilson Corder, Atlanta, Ga.
Filed Nov. 2, 1959, Ser. No. 850,499
7 Claims. (Cl. 214-55)
handling the- tobacco sticks. Fixedly mounted in spaced
relationship on one side of 10 is a plurality of off-set stud
members 11, having protruding points or stick engaging
surfaces 11a, the function and operation of which will be
made clear during the further progress of this speci?cation.
Mounted opposite to elements 11 and in spaced rela
tionship thereto are a second series of L-shaped studs 12,
This invention relates to agriculture and the tobacco
industry, and more particularly, to a new and improved 10 to the tops of which are pivotally mounted as at 13, a plu
rality of booms 14, which are equipped with pointed
“Stringless Tobacco Stringer” for use in drying or curing
snoots 15. Each of said ‘booms is actuated by means of a
long leaf and other tobaccos preparatory to presenting
cable 16, which in the case of the outside or end mem
such for sale in the market places.
bers is passed around a small pulley 1'7, and thence to an
The present system, and one that has been in almost
universal use for lgenerations, embodies the cutting of ‘the 15 operating lever 18,. pivoted as at 19. A stop or guide
member 20 is placed on the table at a point to limit the.
tobacco leaves at harvest time, and then securing them to
movement of a stick thereon laterally to an exact de
so-called sticks upon which they are placed on poles in
sired point.
‘
.
‘
sheds or barns where they are cured before removal and
Attention is now directed to the tobacco stick per so,
transportation to centrally located markets Where the
which consists essentially of identical lower members 21
product is sold to the familiar chant of the tobacco auc
and upper members 22, held in tightly ?tting relationship
tioneer. The securing process embraces the use of strings
by a plurality of scissor-like spring tension members 23
securely anchored preferably to the outer edges or sides
of 21 and 22. The action of elements 23, as suggested by
to the sticks. After curing, the strings are cut or other
wise removed, the tobacco grouped in larger bundles and 25 FIG. 3 of the drawings, is comparable to that of'a spring
clothes pin in which adjacent wooden members are held
thence taken to market.
together ‘under tension by somewhat similar means.
All of this involves a tedious, time consuming, labor
Formed on the inner or leaf-engaging surfaces of 21 and
and material wasteful operation. In fact, harvest time is
or cords which are wound around the stems of selected
bunches of leaves, and then spacedly anchoring the leaves‘
22 are ‘a plurality of notches or apertures 24 and 25, pref
dreaded by everyone on tobacco farms from women to
children to anyone who can be pressed into the labor 30 erably disposed directly opposite one another.
of stringing tobacco, and it is with the elimination of all
of this that this invention is largely concerned.
An object of the invention is to provide a stringless
tobacco stringer, which avoids the use of strings entirely,
The operation of the instant stringless tobacco stringer
is as follows: A composite stick 21-22——23 is placed on
table it} in such a manner that the apertures 24 of lower
section 21 are engaged by the ends 11a of studs 11, this
and hence avoids considerable economic waste at this 35 adjustment being elfected almost instantaneously through
means of stop element 29 which places the end of 21 in an
point.
Another object is to reduce handling of the leaf, there
by not only cutting down the labor involved, but also
exact position for being thus secured. At the same time,
the snoots 15 of boom members 14 are positioned in the
apertures 25 of upper stick member 22. Lever 18 is now
avoiding bruising, breakage, and other hazards that re- '
4:0 pulled outwardly, thereby exerting tension and pull on
duce the quality of the product and hence the price re
ceived atmarket.
'
Another object is to provide automatic tension in a
cables 16, and resulting in boom members 14 being ele
vated through pivoting around points 13; this in turn
raising member 22 and spreading the two principal .ele
tobacco stick, thereby compensating for shrinkage of the
ments of the stick apart.
stems of the leaves during drying, and avoiding dropping
Leaf tobacco is now inserted in desired spaced rela
45
oif, loss of weight, and other undesirable factors.
tionship along the inner-upper edge of 21, the stems of
A still further object is to make possible almost immedi
said leaves 26 being placed in this position as is shown by
ate release of the cured leaves to the ?oor at the proper
FIG. 4 of the drawing; and upon full loading, the lever is
time, and avoiding the tedious string cutting with its
reversed, which results in the immediate closing of the
attendant labor, loss of product and the like.
sticks and clamping of the tobacco now situated between
50
Another object is to provide cheapness of construction
the two portions thereof, spring steel elements 23 being
in a device of the instant type.
Another object is to provide simplicity and ease of
manufacture and maintenance of such a device.
Another object is to provide a tobacco stringer that can
instrumental in this action. The stick may now be re-'
moved from the working surface and placed on poles in a
curing shed or barn. Coil springs 27 maintain boom ele
be easily mechanized when the art progresses and de 55 ments 14 in a normally lowered position ready to receive
the next stick, as described heretofore.
'
When the tobacco is cured, it may be instantly dumped
These and other objects make apparent during the fur
on the floor by simply expanding elements 21 and 22,
ther progress of this speci?cation are accomplished by
upon which the stick- is ready for repeated use.
t
means of the instant invention, a full and complete under
From the foregoing it is believed that the advantages in
standing of which is facilitated by reference to the drawing 60
labor saving, elimination of materials, improvement of
herein, in which:
product, and other bene?ts will be readily apparent to
FIG. 1 is a view in perspective showing the device in
velops to a point warranting this.
assembled or operating position;
-
those familiar with the tobacco industry and particularly
the farming end thereof. While there has been described
FIG. 2 is ‘an end view, partially distorted to bette
show the operating lever on the front of the device, illus 65 in considerable detail herein one form of the instant in- '
vention, no limitation is intended thereby, it being ap
trating in detail the operating of said stringer;
parent that certain changes, alterations, revisions, addi
FIG. 3 is a side view showing the sticks of the device
tions, subtractions and other modi?cations may be re
in closed position; and
sorted to without departing from the inventive concept
FIG. 4 is a view similar to that of FIG. 3, but illus~
trating a ?lling operation during which the sticks have 70 or the scope of the appended claims, which are to be
given a construction fairly in keeping with the contribu
been expanded “and tobacco leaves are being placed
tion to the art.
therebetween.
0
3,047,168
4
a
We claim:
1. In a device of the character described, a working sur—
face, a plurality of offset tobacco stick holders spacedly
and ?xedly mounted thereon, L-shaped upright studs posi
tioned opposite said holders, Scimitar-like booms pivoted
to said studs adjacent the tops thereof, needle-shoots
formed integral with the ends of said booms opposite said
holders, cable actuating means connecting with the oppo~
site ends of the booms, an operating lever for said cables,
ends of said ‘booms nearest said holders, boom actuating
means connecting with the opposite ends of the booms;
a pair of tobacco sticks held together in closed position
by tension means, spaced lower and upper notches formed
in said sticks in the inner faces thereof, the lower notches
thus formed being engaged by said holders, and the upper
notches by the snoots of the booms; whereby when the
boom actuating means are operated, the snoot ends there
of are rocked upwardly, exerting a spreading action on
a pair of tobacco sticks, spaced tension springs, holding 10 the sticks to permit loading thereof with the butt ends of
said sticks together, lower and upper notches formed in
tobacco leaves.
said sticks in their inner faces, the lower notches being
5. The device of claim 4 in which the tension on the
engageable by the holders, and the upper notches en
tobacco sticks is made uniform throughout the length
gageable by the snoots of the booms, whereby upon actua
thereof.
tion the operating lever to put the cables under progres
6. The device of claim 4 in which the boom elements
sive tension, the snoot ends of the booms are rocked up
are provided with tension springs connecting such with
wardly, exerting a spreading action on the sticks to permit
the L-shaped upright studs of the working table.
loading thereof with loose leaf tobacco.
7. The device of claim 4 in which release of the boom
2. The device of claim 1 in which the under side of the
actuating means results in the immediate and automatic
working surface is provided with a plurality of pulleys for 20 return of the tobacco sticks to their original closed posi
engaging the boom operating cables and thereby smooth
ion, ?rmly grasping and holding all tobacco leaves placed
ing and coordinating the operating of such.
therebetween while open.
‘
3. The device of claim 1 in which a stop element is
placed on the working surface, acting as a guide for align
ing the holes or notches of the tobacco sticks with the 25
stick holders and boom ends.
4. In a device of the character described, a table, a
plurality of tobacco stick holders spacedly mounted there
on, upright studs positioned opposite said holders, booms
pivoted to said studs, penetrating snoots formed on the 30
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
721,615
2,494,379
Smith _______________ __ Feb. 24, 1903
Droemer ____________ __ Jan. 10, 1950
2,656,049
2,709,103
Guyette ______________ __ Oct. 20, 1953
Tillman ______________ __ May 24, 1955
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