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Патент USA US3049207

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Aug. 14, 1962
M. DOBBINS ETAL
3,049,198
BUILDING STRUCTURES
Filed Oct. 27, 1958
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
lA/vavro/rs
fffl/FK 0055mm
BY
@6197 c’. ?aw/off
W16
Aug. 14, 1962
M. DOBBINS ETAL
3,049,198
BUILDING STRUCTURES
l/v Mayra/f5
Mme/r 0055mm
3,049,198
Patented Aug. '14, 1962'
1
2
minal edge of a panel ?tting into the groove 26 of an ad
jacent panel. The panels are secured together by weld
ing as at 27. The material of the panel is bent down
3,049,198
Mark Dobbins, Detroit, Mich., Joseph J. Gruber, Depew,
BUILDING STRUCTURES
ward as at 28 to form the upstanding leg or web 30. The
material is further bent at 32 in a direction parallel to the
horizontal plate or ?ange portion 34 and return bent at
36 and 38 to form the foot portions 40 and 42 of a dou
ble thickness of metal. Ribs 44 extend lengthwise of the
panel and serve to stiffen ?ange 34.
The present invention relates to building structures, 10
If desired, tiles or acoustical boards 50 may be laid
and in particular to a metal building panel wherein the
on portions 40 and 42 of adjacent panels to provide a ?n
N.Y., and Robert Repp, Detroit, and Bert E. Rockhot‘r",
Grosse Pointe, Mich., assignors to Fenestra, Incorpo
rated, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Michigan
Filed Oct. 27, 1958, Ser. No. 769,809
1 Claim. (Cl. 189-34)
panel serves as a roof or ?oor of a building structure.
ished ceiling. Lighting ?xture 52 may be installed in duct
54 formed by two adjacent panels to provide recessed
lighting. The diffuser plate 56 encloses the duct. The
panels can be covered by roo?ng material 57 to provide
It is an object of the present invention to provide a
metal building panel for use in the construction of the
roof or ?oor of a building with the panel having an
upstanding web or leg stiffened with vertical ribs adjacent
each end,
a ?nished roof.
ing ducts for the reception of lighting ?xtures and the
panels having access apertures into the ducts.
To provide access to the duct 54, apertures 58 and 59
are provided adjacent one end of the panel.
The panels may be of any convenient length to span ad
jacent structure supports such as members 60 with the
surface ‘62 adjacent each end of the panels resting on
the members 60.
It is still a further object of the present invention to
provide a novel method of roll forming the metal build
as an integral part of the web 30. The rib is semi-circu
It is a further object of the present invention to pro
vide a metal building panel for use in the construction
of the roof or ?oor of a building with the panels form
Adjacent each end of the panels 22 rib 64 is formed
iug panel by passing an elongated sheet of metal through 25 lar in shape and extends from adjacent the portion 40 to
a series of rolls in a direction along the length of the sheet
and forming a rib at right ‘angles to the direction in which
adjacent the groove 26 in a direction at right angles to
a plane through surface 62 extending the length of the
the metal is traveling and adjacent each end of the panel.
panel.
It is still a vfurther object of the present invention to
The loads carried by the assembly of panels are trans
provide a novel method of roll forming the metal build 30 ferred through the panels to the supporting members 60.
ing panel by passing an elongated sheet of metal through
The rib ‘functions to refinforce or stiffen the web 30 in
a series of rolls in a direction along the length of the
transferring web shear to the supporting members, when
sheet and piercing access apertures with a punch, with
the rib is in position over supporting members. When
the punch moving in a direction at right angles to the
rib 64 is formed, the metal along the terminal end of web
35 30 is pulled in toward the rib 64 as at 66 allowing the rib
direction in which the metal is traveling,
Other objects and features of the invention will be
to be formed without any distortion or thinning of metal
come apparent as the description proceeds, especially
in a plane through the surface of web 30. It will be un
when taken in conjunction with the accompanying draw
derstood that thinning of the web or distortion of the Web
ings, illustrating preferred embodiments of the inven
out of the vertical plane would weaken the web. This is
tion, wherein:
FIGUE 1 is a perspective view partly in section and
partly broken away, showing the metal building panel
forming the roof or ?oor of a building structure with
the underside of the panel forming a ceiling.
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the metal panel.
FIGURE 3 is a section of the metal panel taken
through the stiffening r-ib adjacent an end.
FIGURE 4 is a side view of one end of the panel.
FIGURE 5 is a section through line 5-5, FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 6 is a diagrammatic view of the roll form
ing, cut-01f, piercing and rib forming apparatus.
FIGURE 7 is a side view of the apparatus shown in
FIGURE 6.
FIGURE 8 is a plan view partly in section and partly
broken away of the cut-off, rib forming and aperture
piercing dies, taken through the line 8-8, FIGURE 7.
FIGURE 9 is a sectional view partly broken away,
taken through line 9-9, FIGURE 8, showing the cut-oil
punch and rib forming die in retracted position.
40
completely avoided by the present construction.
The panels may be fabricated from steel, aluminum, or
any suitable material. The material can be cut to the
desired length and Width and formed by a press or the
material can be furnished to the desired width in elon
gated strips rolled into coils and formed by passing the
strip through a series of rolls in a roll forming apparatus.
FIGURE 6 is a diagrammatic illustration of the ap
paratus used in the preferred method of forming a strip
of material to its desired shape, cutting the strip to a
predetermined length, forming the reinforcing ribs and
piercing the access apertures to fabricate the panel of
the present invention automatically in a continuous op
eration.
Shown generally at 70 is a roll forming apparatus
having a plurality of pairs of power driven rolls 72. A
coil of material 74 of a predetermined desired width is
mounted for free rotation adjacent one end of the appara
tus with the material being withdrawn from the coil as it
passes through the rolls. The outer periphery of the
FIGURE 10 is the sectional view shown in FIGURE 9 60 pairs of rolls are of a shape so that as the material passes
with the cut-off punch and rib forming die in the posi
tion after severing the panel and forming the rib.
FIGURE 11 is a view taken through the line 11-11,
through the apparatus the material is progressively formed
FIGURE 12 is a top view of one end of a modi?ed
After passing through roll forming apparatus the shaped
to the cross-sectional shape as illustrated in FIGURE 2
as it emerges from the end pair of rolls 76. The shaped
FIGURE 8 showing the aperture piercing punch after 65 material 78 emerges in a continuous strip until the coil
piercing the structure.
74 has been used up.
panel.
strip of material 78 enters the cut-off, rib forming and
Referring now to the drawings there ts illustrated gen
hole piercing apparatus generally indicated at 90. The
erally at 20 a roof or floor construction formed from 70 apparatus 90 has aperture piercing dies 92 and 93 and
a plurality of elongated metal building panels 22 placed
_a combination cut-oh" and rib forming die 94.
in side by side relation with the male lap 24 at one ter
The die 94, as best seen in FIGURES 8-10, has a
3,049,193
4
0
lower die block 96 with its outer surface shaped to the
contour of the ?ange portion 34. A slot 98 is cut through
the block 96. A knife-like punch 100 is held in the upper
die block 102. The upper ‘die block 102 is mounted to
travel, in a direction at right angles to the travel of strip
78, on ways ‘103 which are attached on the head portion
104 of the die. Punch 100 has teeth-like portions 105
which enable it to pierce the metal of the strip 78 and in
cooperation with the edges of slot 98 shear through the
metal, breaking the slug of material into a plurality of
pieces that fall down through the slot and out of the
machine. The slot is widened away from the shearing
edge to allow the slugs to pass freely through.
tus and passing through the die, cut-oif and rib forming
die 94 is positioned at the end of the press 130 adjacent
the roll forming apparatus 70 as shown in FIGURE 6.
When the forward end of the strip 78 actuates the device,
air cylinder 146 moves piston and piston rod 148 in the
direction which strip 78 is moving. Piston rod 148 is
attached to ,die 94 at 149 and moves the die along the.
ways 138 and 140 on the press. The air cylinder is
adapted to move the die through the piston and piston
rod at the same rate of speed at which the strip of mate
rial 78 is moving. When the die 94 is moving at the
same rate of speed as the strip 78, the press 130 oper
ates and the head moves toward the base carrying the
, upper die block 102 of the ‘die with it. As the upper
At each side of the slot 98 and in a slide 106 movable
in the die block 96 are cut'out portions or recesses 107. 15 die block is moved towards the lower die block 96, the
upper die block also moves from right to left on head.
Carried by the upper die block 102 are forming rib por
104 as seen in FIGURES v9 and 10 on ways 103 by means
tions 108. The portions 108 are shaped so that in co
of the Ways 117 which are attached to the lower die
operation with cut-out portions 107 the ribs 64 will be
formed when the die is in the position shown in FIG
URE 10.
To allow the strip 78 to progress through the die after
the ribs 64 are formed, the slide 106 is provided carry
ing the cut-out portions 107. Slide 106 moves in die
block 96 and is actuated by cam 110. The cam has cam
Im'ng surfaces 112 and 114 which contact portion 116 25
attached to slide 106. Cam 110 is attached to die block
block which are received in grooves 118 in projection’
119, and which functions as a cam.
As the upper die block moves toward the lower die
block and from right to left, the punch 100 severs the
strip 78. Immediately after strip is severed, the die por~ '
tions 108 form the ribs 64.
By forming the rib after the strip is severed, the metal
is allowed to be pulled in from the edge as seen at 66 in
104 and moves upwardly and downwardly with the upper
FIGURE 4, preventing distortion which would occur if
die block, allowing the slide to move out of the way of
the rib.
As the upper die block is moved downwardly, it is
cammed to the left by ways 117 attached to the lower die
block, slidable in guide grooves 118 on a projection 119
the rib were formed before the strip was severed.
The press is adapted to make one cycle or revolution
each time it is actuated and after the severing and forming
operation the head 134 immediately returns to the start
ing position with the upper die block returning to the
position shown in FIGURE 9. At this point in the oper
extending downwardly ‘from upper die block 102.
ation the die 94 has traveled along the ways :1'38 and 140
, Hole piercing dies 92 and 93 are of a similar construc
tion and have a punch portion 120 and a die portion 122. 35 to a position indicated approximately by the dotted lines
in FIGURE 7. The air cylinder 146 then moves the die
The shape and size of the punch 120 and die 122, and
94 through the piston and piston rod 148 to its starting
the location of the [dies 92 and 93 on the apparatus con
position as shown in FIGURE 7 Where it dwells until the
forms to the shape and size of the holes 58 and 59 as
next sequence of operations is started.
shown in FIGURE 2, and give the desired spacing of the
40
The cut-off and forming operation severs the strip 78
holes from the end of the panel.
To begin the fabricating operation, the strip of mate
to desired lengths and forms a rib 64 adjacent each side ‘
of the punch which positions a rib adjacent each end of
rial is uncoiled from the roll 74 and fed into rolls 72.
As the series of rolls 72 are power driven, the material
emenges from rolls 76 having the desired cross-sectional
the ?nished panel. ,
other, when the press is operated, by the guide bars 142.
and in unison with die 92.
v
The operation of hole piercing dies 92 and 93 is accom
shape of the ?nished panels 22. Operating the rolls at 45 plished by the mechanism shown in FIGURES 7 and ‘11.
Bracket 160 is mounted to portion .104 of the upper die
a reduced speed, the strip 78 is fed through the dies 92
block and arm v162 is attached for rotational movement
and 93 and the die '94, with the material continuing along‘
on the pin .164 which passes through the bracket. Lever
conveyor rolls (not shown) located at the end of the
> '166 is attached to shaft 168 at one end and at its opposite
apparatus. Suitable actuating devices are located on the
conveyor in a position which will allow the end of the 50 end to arm 162 through pin 170. The arm 162 and lever
‘166 are free for rotational movement on the pin.
strip to actuate them, the devices 'being adaptable for ad
The shaft 168 is attached to lower die block 96 through
justment along the length of the conveyor, and the location
bracket 172 and is free to rotate in the bracket. Through
of the devices determines the length of the completed
this arrangement when die 94 moves along ways 1138 and
panel.
140, dies 92 and 93 move with die 94 along way 172
After the initial end of the strip has been ted through
which is an extension of Way 140 and Way 174 which
the dies 92, 93 and 94, the apparatus 70 can .be operated
extends parallel and is of the same length as ways 140' and .
at any suitable speed desired consistent with the proper
172 combined.
functioning of the apparatus.
'
When die portion .104 moves downwardly with die
When the end of the strip iactuates the devices, the
head
13'4, arm 162 rocks shaft 168 through lever 166 in
dies 92, 93 and 94 are set in motion through the power’ 60
a counterclockwise rotation as viewed in FIGURE 11.
press generally indicated at 130.
Gear teeth ‘178 on shaft 168 mesh with rack teeth 180 on ‘
The power press 130 has a base portion 132 and a
punch 120 moving the punch from right to left as viewed
head portion 134. The head portion is adapted to move
in FIGURE 11, piercing the aperture 58 of the panel.
toward and away from the base portion and is actuated
by power means (not shown) positioned in the‘ base. 65 The punching operation is timed in unison with the rib '
forming operation. After the punching operation is com
The head is drawn downwardly by the bars 136 which
pleted
the punch 120 is retracted with the movement of
also guide the head.
'
Y
"
the upper die block 102 when it returns to its raised posi
The upper die block portion 104 of the die 94 is at
tion.
'
tached to the head 134 by means of ways 138 positioned
Extension
shaft
*182
is
connected
to
die 92 through
at each side of the head. The lower die block 96 is 70
coupling 184, and to die 93 through coupling 186. Diej
attached to the base 132 by ways 140 positioned at each
93 functions to pierce aperture 59 by rotation of shaft '182
side of the ‘base. The upper and lower die blocks are
in the same manner as previously described for die 92
guided in their movement toward and away from each
It will be noted that the .
, With the strip emerging from the roll forming appara 75 apertures will be pierced adjacent one end only of the 1
3,0 aaisa
6
5
?nished panel and the spacing of the aperture from the
end of the panel can be adjusted by varying the length of
the shafts 168 and 182.
FIGURE 12 shows a modi?ed form of the invention.
The ribbing 200 of the panel 202 extends criss-cross on
the ?ange portion 20-’; to form an X shaped pattern. The
What we claim as our invention is:
A building panel comprising a horizontal plate portion,
a vertical web portion extending downwardly from one
edge of said plate portion, a foot extending laterally from
the lower edge of said web portion, the material of said
Web portion directly adjacent the ends thereof being
ribbing is formed on the roll forming apparatus previ
shaped to form elongated vertical indented ribs extending
ously described by substituting an appropriate pair of rolls
substantially the full height of said web portion, but hav
in the apparatus, for the pair of rolls which form the
ing upper and lower ends spaced respectively slightly
longitudinally extending ribs 44. It will be noted that the 10 below and above the upper and lower edges of said web
ribs extend at an angle to the side edges of the panel 202
portion, said ribs being su?iciently close to the ends of
and also at an angle to the direction of ?ow of the metal
through the rolls. Thus when the ribs 200 are formed
the material is drawn or stretched. The ribs 44 extend
parallel to the side edges of the panel 22 and in line with 15
the direction of ?ow of the material through the rolls.
Thus, when the ribs 44 are formed the material is moved
laterally from the side edges to the ribs with no stretch
ing of the metal. Therefore, a wider strip of material is
required to roll the panel 22 than is required to roll panel 20
202 with each panel having the same lateral dimensions.
The panel 202 provides stiffening ribs with the use of less
material than used with panel 22. The plate portion of
the panel is supported so that the ribs 200 are actually
drawn, with resultant stretching and thinning of the metal. 25
The drawings and the foregoing speci?cation constitute
a description of the improved building structures in such
said web so that the material of the Web between said ribs
and the ends of said web is displaced inwardly and the
material of said ribs thereby being of the same thickness
as the remainder of said web.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,151,375
Murphy ______________ __ Aug. 24, 1915
2,121,269
2,142,110
Sisson _______________ __ June 21, 1938
Calkins et al ____________ __ Jan. 3, 1939
2,217,090
2,752,672
2,773,718
2,832,300
Zerbe _________________ __ Oct. 8,
Tolman _______________ __ July 3,
Behlen _______________ __ Dec. 11,
Jacobson _____________ __ Apr. 29,
2,899,028
Walker ________ _._.._____ Aug. 11, 1959
743,672
France _______________ __ Ian. 16, 1933
full, clear, concise and exact terms as to enable any person
skilled in the art to practice the invention, the scope of
which is indicated by the appended claim.
30
1940
1956
1956
1958
FOREIGN PATENTS
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