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Патент USA US3049351

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Aug. 14, 1962
w. G. KEMP
3,049,341
HEAT EXCHANGE STRUCTURE
Filed July 26, 195'?
26
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INVENTOR.
WILLIAM G. KEMP
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ORNEYS
» United States Patent O?ice
3,049,341
Patented Aug. 14, ‘1962’
1
2
3,049,341
each row are arranged in side—by-side abutting relation
HEAT EXCHANGE STRUCTURE
William G. Kemp, 2275 E. Hammond Lake Drive,
Pontiac, Mich.
Filed July 26, 1957, Ser. No. 674,354
1 Claim. (Cl. 257-124)
ship, that is, the upright sides 16 of the adjacent panels
in the same row abut one ‘another. The panels in each
row are separated from those in adjacent rows by the
tubes 12 and the ?nished ceiling structure, as will appear
more fully hereinafter, is such that the bottom surfaces
of the bottom walls 14 of the panels and the bottom sur
This invention relates to ceiling or wall structure and
faces 20 of the tubes lie in a common plane de?ning the
refers more particularly to such a structure which in
front or bottom surface of the ceiling structure.
corporates a heat exchange system.
10
More in detail, it will be noted that the upright ends
One object of the invention is to provide a ceiling or
18 of the panels terminate in laterally outwardly directed
wall structure including heat exchange tubing which is
exposed at the front side of the structure for direct heat
exchange relationship with the air.
?anges 28 which extend throughout the lengths of these
end walls. The ?anges 28 extend into longitudinal grooves
39 which are formed in opposite sides of each tube and
Another object of the invention is to provide a wall or 15 extend from one end to the other of the tubes. The
ceiling structure as described in the preceding paragraph in
?anges 28 are supported by and within these grooves.
which the heat exchange tubing extends between the
Preferably the material from which the panels are formed
ceiling or wall forming panels and cooperates with the
is suf?ciently resilient to enable the end walls to be ?exed
latter to de?ne the front surface of the structure. As a
for the removal of the ?anges 28 from the grooves. It
result of this construction, the tubing is in direct com 20 will be seen, particularly in FIG. 3, that the end and side
munication with the air at the front of the structure for
walls of the panels are not connected to each other to
maximum e?iciency, and the tubing is designed to co
facilitate ?exing the end walls.
operate in de?ning the front surface of the wall or ceiling.
Each tube has a thickened top wall portion in which
Still another object of the invention is to provide a
is formed a longitudinally extending groove 32 which ex
wall or ceiling structure comprising a plurality of panels 25 tends from one end to the other of the tube. The groove
and 'heat exchange tubing, having combined heat and
32 is undercut or of generally T shape to provide the lat
sound insulating material extending continuously over the
teral extension 34. A suspension plate 36 is provided
rear side of the panels and tubing.
having a T-shaped head, the wings 38 of which are adapt
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel
ed to extend into the extensions 34 of the groove to sup
30
connection between the panels and tubing and a novel
port the tubing. The plates 36 are of relatively small
adjustable suspension for the tubing.
thickness compared with the width dimension illustrated
Other objects and features of the invention will become
so that by merely rotating the plates, they may be de
apparent as the description proceeds, especially when
tached from the tubes. A second suspension plate 39 is
taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing
also provided. The plate 39 is adapted to be rigidly and
illustrating preferred embodiments of the invention,
?rmly secured to a permanent part of the primary ceil
wherein :
ing structure indicated at 40 in FIGURE 1.
FIG. 1 is a bottom plan view of ceiling structure em
The plates 36 and 39 are each formed with two regis
bodying the invention.
tering rows of spaced apertures 42. The plates 36 and
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the Ceiling structure
40 39 are connected together by the nut and bolt assemblies
with parts removed for clarity.
44 which extend through aligned holes 42 in the plates.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the ceiling structure on an
It will be apparent that the height of the ceiling
enlarged scale.
structure may be changed by removing the nut and bolt
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating a
‘assemblies 44 to vary the overlap between the plates and
modi?cation.
hence change the combined eifective length of the plates,
While the invention is illustrated herein as applied to 45 and then again applying the nut and bolt assemblies 44
ceiling structure, it will be understood that it may also
in a new set of aligned apertures.
be applied to wall structure or conceivably to floor struc
Mats 46 of combined sound and heat insulating ma
ture if desired.
terial are provided which extend across the pans 14 and
Referring now more particularly to the drawing, the 50 continuously over the rear sides of the tubes. The width
ceiling structure comprises a plurality of panels 10 and
of the mats may aproximate the width of the pans be
heat exchange tubes 12. The panels 10‘ will be seen in
tween the side Walls 16. Wire grids 46’ supported on the
the bottom plan view of FIG. 1 to be genera-11y rectangu
bottoms of the pans support the mats above the bottom
lar ‘and as seen ‘more particularly in FIGS. 2 and 3 to be
of the pans and prevent them from sagging between the
in the form of pans. The pans 10 may be formed of 55 tubes. The suspension plates 36 and 39 may be disposed
sheet metal or any other suitable material. In the pres
at intervals along the length of each tube between adja
ent instance, the pans are formed of sheet metal having a
cent mats.
multiplicity of small holes or perforations for acoustical
The tubing is formed of any suitable heat conductive
purposes. The pans have the rectangular bottom walls
material and the heat and sound insulating material 46
14, the upright side walls 16 and the upright end walls 18. 60 may be in the form of rock Wool or ?brous glass, for
The tubes 12 ‘are generally rectangular in cross section
example. In any event, along the bottom of each pad is
and more particularly have the cross sectional con?gura
secured a vapor barrier and heat re?ector sheet 50 which
tion shown in FIG. 3 throughout their entire lengths.
may be formed of aluminum foil, for example.
The bottom surface 20 of each tube is ?at and extends
FIG. 4 illustrates a modi?cation. In place of the sus
perpendicular to the opposite parallel sides 22 of the tub 65 pension plates 36 and 39, wire clips 60 may be provided.
ing. The closed central passage 24 through the tubing is
Each wire clip is generally U-shaped and is adapted to
adapted to carry a suitable ?uid medium such ‘as water
extend over a channel 62 of the permanent or primary
for heating or cooling air in heat exchange relation with
ceiling structure. The depending legs of the clip have
the tubes. The tubes are adapted to be connected to
laterally extending terminal portions 64 which are adapt
supply and return headers at opposite ends to afford a 70 ed to extend into the extensions 34 of the undercut groove
steady movement of the ?uid medium through the tubes.
The panels are arranged in rows 26, and the panels of
32 in the tubing. The wire is preferably of a resilient
material to facilitate removing the terminal portions 64
3,049,341
3
from the undercut grooves of the tubing.
Otherwise, the
structure may be exactly the same as that illustrated in
FIGS. 1 to 3.
Referring again to FIGURE 3, it will be noted that the
heat insulating material, or more speci?cally the barrier
sheet 50, cooperates with the tubing and with the rear
sides of the panels to provide a plurality of substantially
closed air pockets 60'. The adjacent edges of the mats
of insulating material, which meet in a line which extends
along the joint between the side walls 16 of the panels, 10
engage each other to close the pockets from one end of
the tubing to the other. In other words, each pocket
4
conductive material extending between said heat exchange
tubes, each of said panels being generally U-shaped and
having a substantially ?at bottom portion, the ends of
each of said panels being angularly disposed to said bot
tom, said ends having tongue portions extending out
wardly from said U-shaped panels adapted to ?t within
the grooves in said other sides of adjacent tubes to sup
port the panels on said tubes, said U-shaped panels being
of such size that the bottoms of said panels supported by
said tubes by said tongue and groove structure are level
with said surface of said tubes producing with said tubes
a continuous ?at surface of ?ush panels and tubes, each
of said ends being in parallel abutting relation to one
60' extends between a pair of adjacent tubes from one end
of said tubes, heat insulating material extending continu
of the tubes to the other.
In accordance with this construction, the panels are 15 ously over said panels and tubes, said insulating material
resting on said tubes and in spaced relation to said bot
heated or cooled by the air in the pockets which commu
tom. portions, and means acting between said insulating
nicates both with the rear side of the panels and with
material and panels to maintain them in spaced relation.
the tubing at the rear sides of the panels. The panels are
also heated by direct contact of the end walls thereof with
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
the tubes. The bottoms of the panels are thus heated or
UNITED STATES PATENTS
cooled by the tubing both by direct contact therewith and
through the air pocket, and the bottom or front sides of
2,101,952
Olsen ______________ __ Dec. 14, 1937
the panels are in direct heat exchange relation with the
2,161,185
Mills ________________ __ June 6, 1939
air at the front side of the ceiling structure, as are the
25
tubes, to heat or cool the air at the front side.
What I claim as my invention is:
A wall or ceiling structure comprising a plurality of
parallel spaced apart generally rectangular heat exchange
tubes adapted to be secured to the structural portion of
a building or the like with the surface on one side of each 30
of the tubes being exposed, said surface being substan
tially ?at, that side of each tube opposite said one side
having a longitudinally extending groove adapted to
cooperate with suspension means therefor, the other sides
of each tube being angularly disposed to and integrally
connected to said one side and said opposite side, said
other sides of each tube having inwardly directed grooves
extending longitudinally thereof intermediate said one
side and said opposite side, a plurality of panels of heat
2,221,001
Lucius ______________ __ Nov. 12, 1940
2,339,565
2,382,340
2,469,963
2,480,427
2,598,279
Goldberg et al. _______ __ Jan. 18,
Smith _______________ __ Aug. 14,
Gros Jean et al _________ __ May 10,
Stanton _____________ _- Aug. 30,
McKibbin __________ __ May 27,
1944
1945
1949
1949
1952
2,660,409
2,662,743
2,721,731
2,729,411
2,729,431
Pittenger et al _________ __ Nov. 24,
Frenger _____________ __ Dec. 15,
Rapp _______________ __ Oct. 25,
Cahill _______________ __ Jan. 3,
Little _______________ __ Jan. 3,
1953
1953
1955
1956
1956
FOREIGN PATENTS
293,380
486,034
Switzerland _________ __ Dec. 16, 1953
Italy _______________ __ Oct. 27, 1953
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