close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3049846

код для вставки
Aug- 21, 1962
s. w, SUNDSTRUM
3,049,835
FALLOUT SHELTER
Filed Nov. 2, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
-
Y
.
'n
/
@Y
"
.f'?mrrav ñffw/nswan);
l
IN-VEN"F0121>
Aug. 21, 19.62
s. w. 'suNDs-FRUM
3,049,835
FALLOUT SHELTER
Filed NOV. 2, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
22533222?"
vl
5
Il
l,
"""v
'
Tm
.New
.frmrzm/ 71?SUA/05mm;
INVENTOR.
BY »s//s Äà-ram/Egs.
United States arent @ffice
1
3,049,835
Patented Aug. 21, 1962
2
FIGURE 2 is a view taken along the line 2-2 of FIG
3,049,835
URE 3;
FALLOUT SHELTER
FIGURE 3 is a view taken along the line 3_3 of
Stratton W. Sundstrum, Pasadena, Calif., assignor to Swan
Mira-Pools, Inc., Van Nuys, Calif., a corporation of
FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a compact stair
way suitable for use in the present invention structure;
FIGURE 5 is a View taken lalong the line 5-5 of
California
Filed Nov. 2, 1961, Ser. No. 149,545
7 Claims. (Cl. Sil-100)
This invention relates to building structures and more
particularly to an underground building structure for use
as a fallout shelter.
With the advent of nuclear Weapons, the design of
bomb shelter structures must now take into -account not
FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 6 is a view taken along the line 6--6 of
10
FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 7 is a view taken along the line 7-7 o-f
FIGURE 2; and
FIGURE 8 is a perspective view showing how a pre
fabricated housing unit is inserted into a steel tank dur
only protection from shock waves and falling debris,
but also protection from radiation and atmospheric con
ing assembly of the present invention structure.
tamination. Since the prior art bomb Shelter type struc
tures were designed for relatively short periods of occu
pancy, such as during the length of an air attack,
there was little need for providing the shelters with
devices utilized for the comfort and feeding of the
Referring now to FIGURE 1 of the drawing, there is
shown a perspective view indicating the overall struc
ture of the present invention fallout shelter. The basic
structural unit is a cylindrical steel tank, generally in
dicated by the reference numeral 10, a cylindrical tank
occupants. However, the modern day fallout shelter
must be designed for much longer periods of occupancy
and hence must include sanitary and sleeping facilities
being presently prefer-red because of its structural rigidity
i It is also an object of the present invention to provide
an underground fallout shelter structure.
standpipe, generally indicated `by the reference numeral
It is another object of the present invention to provide
ing 17. The bottom of the casing section 21 is sealed
and ease of fabrication from readily available large diam
eter sections of `steel pipe. In the fabrication of the
as well as protection from contaminated atmosphere.
present invention structure, an end plate 11 is welded to
The occupants of a fallout shelter must be prepared to
25 an end of a length of cylindrical pipe casing 12 (see
continually remain within the shelter for a period of
FIGURES 2 and 3). Into the remaining open end of
days, or even weeks, a fallout shelter literally becoming
the casing 12 is inserted a prefabricated housing unit,
the occupants’ home during that period. Although rela
generally indicated by the reference numeral 50, as seen
tively large numbers of people were usually Iaccommo
in FIGURE 8. The housing unit S0 can be Áfabricated
dated for a relatively short time in a bomb shelter, the 30 in accordance with the well known methods of fabricating
length of occupancy of fallout shelters during and subse
house trailers. The structural features of the housing
quent to a nuclear attack renders the concept of mass
unit 50 will ‘be discussed in greater detail hereinbelow.
occupancy of fallout shelters relatively unfeasible. The
The housing unit 50 is inserted into the casing 12 and
present trend is toward single family occupancy of fall
abutted against the end plate 11, whereupon another end
out shelters, with each family apparently expected to pro 35 plate 13 is welded to the open end of the casing 10. The
vide its own shelter. The most convenient and econom
end plate I3 is provided with a rectangular aperture 16
ical way to obtain a maximum degree of protection is to
which forms a doorway to provide access to the interior
locate such la shelter underground. Hence, two important
of the tank and the housing unit contained therein. Next,
criteria emerge in the design of such shelters: (l) costs;
a section of rectangular steel casing having inside di
and (2) available space. Therefore, the fallout shelter
mensions in accordance with the rectangular opening 16
designed for single family occupancy should be relatively
is abutted against the end plate 13 in alignment with the
compact and inexpensive, While `still containing rudimen
aperture 16 and there welded into place. The rectangu
tary comforts and provisions for survival.
lar casing 17 is provided With a series of steel reinforc
_ Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to
ing ribs 18.
provide a fallout shelter structure.
A `section of cylindrical casing 21 provides a vertical
45
a compact and inexpensive fallout shelter structure.
It is yet another object of the present invention to pro
vide an easily assembled fallout shelter structure.
20 for access to the tank 19 through the rectangular cas
with a steel cover plate 22 While the top end of the cas
A stand
50 ing 21 is provided with a hinged access lid 23.
pipe 20 is sealed to the end of the rectangular casing
The objects of the present invention are accomplished
17, the casing 21 having a rectangular opening coex
by a novel structural assembly Ifor :burial underground,
tensive with that of the rectangular casing 17. The cas
wherein a prefabricated housing unit is sealed within a
ing 21 has an interior diameter of about 31/2 `feet suf
cylindrical steel tank, access to the interior of the tank 55 ñcient to accommodate a spiral stairway ‘30 as shown
being provided by a vertical standpipe coupled to an end
in FIGURE 4, the stairway 30 »being preferably con
of the tank.
»
structed of steel. The spiral stairway 30 comprises a cen
The novel features which are believed to be character
tral support pole 31 to which are fastened (preferably by
istic of the invention, both as to its -organization and
welding), a series of plates 32 in the spiral orientation
method of operation, together with yfurther objects and
shown to provide a series of steps. Each of the plates
advantages thereof, will be better understood lfrom the
32 is in the shape of a sector of a circle having a diam
following `description considered in connection with the
eter equal to the interior diameter of the casing 21, the
accompanying drawings in which a presently preferred
arcuate peripheral surface of each of the plates 32 being
embodiment of the invention is illustrated by Way of ex
secured to the inner peripheral surface of the casing 21
ample. It is to be expressly understood, however, that 65 by Welding. An additional measure of support is pro
the drawings are for the purpose of illustration and de
vided for each of the step plates 32 by an angle bracket
scription only, and `are not intended as a deñnition of
33, as shown in FIGURE 7, welded to the underside of
the limits of the invention.
each step plate, to the interior peripheral surface of the
In the drawing:
casing 21, and to the peripheral surface of the support
FIGURE l is a perspective view showing the present 70 pole 31.
invention fallout structure installed beneath the surface
To provide for the free circulation of air within the
, of the ground;
tank lll, an air intake pipe 36 is provided, the air intake
3,049,835
4
pipe 36 extending upwardly from the central portion of
assembly by welding the end of the rectangular casing
the tank 1t) and communicating with the interior of the
prefabricated housing Sil by means of a manually oper
17 to the end plate 13 and attaching the air circulating
pipes 36 and 3S.
Although the invention has been described with a
certain degree of particularity, it is understood that the
present disclosure has been made only by way of example,
and that numerous changes in the details of construction
and the combination and arrangement of parts may be
resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope
ated circulating pump 37. An exhaust pipe 38 projects
vertically upward from the uppermost portion of the end
plate 13, the exhaust pipe 3d communicating with the
interior of the tank 1i) abo've the prefabricating housing
unit 50. A suitable vent 39 is provided in the roof of
the unit 50. The Prefabricated housing unit 5@ is of a
unique exterior configuration for the purpose of insertion
'within the pipe section 12 comprising the body of the
tank 16 While providing many points of supporting con
tact with the interior peripheral surface of the pipe casing
'12 and maximum interior space consistent with simple
of the invention as hereinafter claimed.
What is claimed as new is:
l. A fallout shelter structure comprising, in com
bination:
(a) a horizontally disposed cylindrical tank having an
access opening in one end thereof;
construction techniques.
(b) a prefabricated housing unit disposed within said
Referring specifically to FIGURES 6, 7 and 8 of the
drawing, the structural details of the prefabricated hous
ing unit 50 can be seen.
tank and longitudinally extending throughout the
length thereof, said housing unit being bounded by
For ease of construction, no
curved panels are utilized, a series of angularly inclined
straight panels being arranged to provide a polygonal 20
cross-section for multiple supporting contact with the
interior surface of the tank 1G. fl'he prefabricated hous
planar wall surfaces defining a polyhedral cross
scction with the lines of intersection of said planar
wall surfaces being contiguous with the longitudinal
interior surface of said cylindrical tank, said housing
ing unit 50 can lbe conveniently constructed of wood or
unit having an access opening in one end thereof
other suitable material using techniques well known to
those skilled in the art of constructing house trailers. 25
Hence, the constructural features of the unit will not be
discussed in great detail. -In general, the unit 50 is based
coextensive with the access opening in said one end
upon a subiloor 51 resting upon the bottom surface of
vthe tank 10. A floor 52 is sup-ported above the sub
floor 51 by angularly inclined joists 53 and 54. Vertical 30
wall sections S6 and 57 are supported by the subñoor
S1 and the door 52 through the use of panels 61, 62 and
63 as shown. A roof section 65 is supported above the
walls 56 and 57 by joists 67 and 68, respectively.
Because of the polyhedral form of construction utilized 35
for the prefabricated housing unit 50, many points of
of said cylindrical tank, the interior of said housing
Unit being fitted with predetermined appointments;
and
(c) a generally vertically extending cylindrical casing
having a sealed bottom end and a top end with a
selectively scalable portion, said cylindrical casing
deñning an access opening in the peripheral surface
near the bottom end thereof, said cylindrical casing
being mounted to said one end of said tank by hori
zontally extending coupling means hafving one end
encompassing said access opening in said tank and
the other end encompassing said access opening in
said cylindrical casing to thereby place the interior
contact are provided for support of the unit S6 within
of said housing unit in communication with the lower
the tank 10, nine spaced apart points of contact being
interior portion of said cylindrical casing, said cylin
provided in the illustrated embodiment as can be seen
-drical casing being of a predetermined length where
in FIGURE 6. Thus, the housing unit 50, when placed 40
by said fallout shelter may be buried with only said
within the tank 1t) is of itself of great structural rigidity,
top end of said cylindrical casing exposed above the
downward bearing loads being supported at live different
surface of the earth.
points, namely, the intersection between the wall 56 and
2. A fallout shelter structure comprising, in combina
the panel 61, the intersection between the subfloor 51
and the joist 53, the intersection between the subñoor 45 tion:
(a) a horizontally disposed cylindrical tank having an
51 and the joist 54, the intersection between the floor 52
access opening in one end thereof;
and the panel 63, and the intersection between the wall
(b) a prefabricated housing unit disposed within said
S7 and the panel 63. The various panels and walls may
tank and longitudinally extending throughout the
be braced in accordance with the usual practice in the
length thereof, said housing unit being «bounded by a
construction of house trailers. The housing unit S0 is
plurality of planar wall surfaces deñning a poly
provided with end walls 71 and 72, the end Wall 71 being
hedral cross-section with the lines of intersection of
provided with a rectangular opening coincident with the
said planar wall surfaces being contiguous with the
rectangular opening in the end plate 13 of the tank 10.
longitudinal interior surface of said cylindrical tank
The length of the prefabricated housing unit 50 is coin
and with at least four of said lines of intersection
cident with the interior length of the tank 50 so the end
walls 71 and 72 will abut against the end plate 13 and
1'1 respectively of the tank 10 to provide additional lateral
providing support from said tank for downward bear
support.
The interior appointments of the prefabricated housing
having an access opening in one end thereof coexten
sive with the access opening in said one end of said
ing loads upon said housing unit, said housing unit
cylindrical tank, the interior of said housing unit
being fitted with predetermined appointments; and
(c) a generally vertically extending cylindrical casing
unit 50 are a matter of choice and one particular com
bination of appointments is shown by the phantom lines
in FIGURE 3, the various appointments being descrip
tively labelled.
having a sealed bottom end and a top end with a
’
selectively sealable portion, said cylindrical casing
Thus, there has been described a novel fallout shelter
utilizing the unique form of assembly to provide simple
and inexpensive construction.
For ease of installation,
the tank 10 may «be partially assembled by securing »the
end plate 11 to the pipe section 12, the standpipe 20 being
assembled to the rectangular casing 17 and including the
stairway 30. 4The partially completed tank, the pre
fabricated housing unit, and the standpipe assembly may
therefore be transported to the job site as discrete units,
whereupon assembly is merely a matter of inserting the
prefabricated housing unit S0 into the tank 10, welding
`the end plate 13 to the tank 1i), adding the standpipe
65
defining an access opening in the peripheral surface
thereof near the bottom end thereof, said cylindrical
casing being mounted to said one end of said tank
by horizontally extending coupling means having one
end encompassing said access opening in said tank
and the other end encompassing said access opening
in `said cylindrical casing to thereby place the interior
of said housing unit in communication with the lower
interior portion of said cylindrical casing, said cylin
drical casing being of a predetermined length where
by said fallout shelter may -be -buried with only'said
3,049,835
6
top end of said cylindrical casing exposed above the
between in spaced helical alignment around said sup~
surface of the earth.
port pole from the bottom ythereof a predetermined
distance upward, each of said plates being in the
3. A fallout shelter structure comprising, in combina
tion:
(a) a horizontally disposed cylindrical tank having an Ul
access opening in one end thereof;
shape of a sector of a circle of said predetermined
diameter with the arcuate surface of each sector con
(b) a prefabricated housing unit disposed within said
tank and longitudinally extending throughout the
length thereof, said housing unit being bounded by
tiguous with the interior peripheral surface of said
casing and with lthe apex of each sector contiguous
with said support pole.
5. A fallout shelter structure comprising, in combina
planar wall surfaces defining a polyhedral cross sec
tion with the lines of intersection of said planar wall
(a) a horizontally disposed `cylindrical tank having
surfaces being contiguous with the longitudinal in
terior surface of said cylindrical tank, said housing
Ian access opening in one end thereof;
(b) a Prefabricated housing unit disposed within said
tank and longitudinally extending throughout the
unit having an access opening in one end thereof
coextensive with the access opening in said one end of
length thereof, said housing unit being bounded by
said cylindrical tank, the interior of said housing unit
Ibeing iitted with predetermined appointments; and
planar wall surfaces ydefining a polyhedral cross
section with the lines of intersection of said planar
(c) a generally vertically extending cylindrical casing
wall surfaces being contiguous with ythe longitudinal
interior surface of said cylindrical tank, said housing
having a circular cross-section of a predetermined
diameter, said cylindrical casing having a sealed bot 20
unit having an access opening in one end `thereof
coextensive with the access opening in said one end
tom end and a top end with a selectively scalable
portion, said cylindrical casing defining an access
opening in the peripheral surface thereof near the
bottom end thereof, said `cylindrical casing being
mounted to said one end of said tank by horizontally 25
extending tubular coupling means having one end en
compassing said access opening in said tank and the
of said cylindrical tank, the interior of said housing
unit being fitted with predetermined appointments;
(c) a generally vertically extending cylindrical casing
having a circular cross-section of a predetermined
diameter, said cylindrical casing having a sealed
bottom end and a top end -with a selectively scalable
other end encompassing said access opening in said
portion, said cylindrical casing defining an access
cylindrical casing to thereby place the interior of said
opening in the peripheral surface thereof near the
housing unit in communication with the lower interior 30
bottom end thereof, said cylindrical casing being
portion of said cylindrical casing, said cylindrical
casing being of a predetermined length whereby said
mounted to said one end of said tank by horizontally
extending tubular coupling means having one end
encompassing said access opening in said tank and
the other encompassing said access opening in said
cylindrical tank may be buried with only the top end
of said cylindrical casing exposed above the surface
of the earth, said cylindrical casing including ladder 35
means extending from said selectively scalable por~
tion of said top end to said bottom end.
4. A fallout shelter structure comprising, in combina
tion :
(a) a horizontally disposed cylindrical tank having an 40
access opening in one end thereof;
(b) a prefabricated housing unit disposed within said
tank and longitudinally extending throughout the
length thereof, said housing unit 4being bounded by
cylindrical casing to thereby place the interior of
said housing unit in communication with the lower
interior portion of said cylindrical casing, said cylin
drical casing being of a predetermined length where
by said fallout shelter may be buried with only said
top end of said cylindrical casing exposed above
the surface of the earth;
(d) a support pole coaxially mounted within said cas
ing and extending between said -top and bottom ends
thereof; and
planar wall surfaces defining a polyhedral cross-sec
tion with the lines of intersection of said planar wall
(e) A plurality of step plates secured to said support
pole and to the interior peripheral surface of said
surfaces being contiguous with the longitudinal in
terior surface of said cylindrical tank, said housing
cylindrical casing and extending horizontally there
between in spaced helical alignment around said
support pole from the bottom thereof a predeter
mined distance upward, each of said plates being in
unit Ihaving an access opening in one end thereof
coextensive with the access opening in said one end
of said cylindrical tank, the interior of said housing
unit being ñtted with predetermined appointments;
the shape of a sector of a circle of said predeter
mined diameter With the arcuate surf-ace of each sec
(c) a generally vertically extending cylindrical casing
Itor contiguous with the interior peripheral surface
having a circular cross-section of a predetermined
of said casing and with the 'apex of each section con
diameter, said cylindrical casing having a sealed bot
tiguous with said support pole.
tom end and a top end with a selectively sealable
6. A fallout shelter structure comprising, in combina
portion, said cylindrical casing defining an access
opening in the peripheral surface thereof extending
tion :
(a) a horizontally disposed cylindrical tank having
near the bottom end thereof, said cylindrical casing
'being mounted to said one end of said tank by hori
zontally extending tubular coupling means having
»a iirst opening in one end thereof and second and
60
one end encompassing said access opening in said
tank and the other encompassing said access opening
in said cylindrical casing to thereby place the interior
of said housing unit in communication with the lower
interior portion of said cylindrical casing, said cylin 65
drical casing being of a predetermined length whereby
said fallout shelter may be buried with only said top
end of said cylindrical casing exposed above the sur
face of the earth;
(d) a support pole coaxially mounted within said casing 70
and extending between said top and bottom ends
t thereof; and
(e) a plurality of step plates secured to said support
pole and to the interior peripheral surface of said
cylindrical casing and extending horizontally there
third openings in the peripheral surface thereof;
(b) a prefabricated housing unit disposed within said
tank and longitudinally extending .throughout the
`length thereof, said housing unit being bounded
by at least eight planar wall surfaces defining a
polyhedral cross-section with the lines of intersec
tion of said planar Wall surfaces being contiguous
with the longitudinal interior surface of said cylin
drical tank and with at least four of said lines of in
tersection contacting the interior peripheral surface
of said tank to provide support from said tank for
downward bearing lloads upon said housing unit,
said housing unit having a first opening in one end
thereof coextensive with the first opening in said
one end of said cylindrical tank, said housing unit
having second and third openings in the planar wall
3,049,835
8
cylindrical tank, said housing -unit having second and
surfaces thereof, the interior of said housing unit
third openings in the planar wall surfaces thereof,
being fitted with predetermined appointments;
I the interior of said housing unit being iitted with pre
(c) air circulating means mounted to said Prefabricated
housing unit and communicating with said second
opening in said cylindrical tank and said second
opening in the planar wall surface of said housing
unit for the passage of air therebetween;
determined appointments;
(c) air circulating means mounted to said prefabricated
housing -unit and communicating with said second
opening in said cylindrical tank and said second
opening in the planar wall surface of said housing
unit for the passage of air therebetween;
(d) a vertically extending air intake standpipe having
its lower end communicating with said second open
ing in said cylindrical tank, said air intake pipe pro
jecting above said cylindrical tank greater than a pre
determined distance;
(e) a vertically extending air exhaust standpipe having
(d) a vertically extending air intake standpipe having
its lower end communicating with said second open
ing in said cylindrical tank, said air intake pipe pro
jecting above said cylindrical tank greater than a
predetermined distance;
(e) <a vertically extending air exhaust standpipe having
its lower end in communcation with said third ope-n
ing in said cylindrical tank, said air exhaust stand
pipe projecting above said cylindrical tank greater
than said predetermined distance; and
(f) a generally vertically extending cylindrical cas
its lower end in communication with said third open
ing in said cylindrical tank, said air exhaust stand
pipe projecting above said cylindrical tank greater
than said predetermined distance;
ing having a sealed bottom end and a top end with
a selectively scalable portion, said cylindrical casing 20
(i) a generally vertically extending cylindrical casing
having a circular cross-section of a predetermined
defining an access opening in the peripheral surface
thereof near the bottom end thereof, said cylindrical
casing being mounted to said one end of said tank
diameter, said cylindrical casing having a sealed bot
by horizont-ally extending tubular coupling means
portion, said cylindrical casing defining an access
opening in the peripheral surface thereof near the
tom end and a top end with a selectively scalable
having one end encompassing said first opening in 25
said tank and the other end encompassing said first
bottom end thereof, said cylindrical casing being
opening in said cylindrical casing to thereby place
mounted to said one end of said tank by horizontally
extending tubular coupling means having one end
the interior of said ‘housing unit in communication
with the lower interior portion of said cylindrical
casing, said cylindrical casing being of a predeter 30
mined length to project above said cylindrical tank
greater than said predetermined distance whereby said
cylindrical tank may be buried with only the top ends
of said cylindrical casing and said -air intake and
air exhaust standpipes exposed above the surface
of the earth.
7. A fallout shelter structure comprising, in combina
tion:
(a) a horizontally disposed cylindrical tank having a
first opening in one end thereof and second and third 40
openings in the peripheral surface thereof;
(b) a prefabricatedhousing vunit disposed Within said
tank and longitudinally extending throughout the
encompassing said iirst opening in said tank and the
other end encompassing said first opening in said
cylindrical casing to thereby place the interior of
said housing unit in communication with the lower
interior portion of said cylindrical casing, said cylin
drical casing being of a predetermined length to
project above said cylindrical tank greater than said
predetermined distance whereby said cylindrical tank
may be buried with only the top ends of said cylindri
cal casing and said air intake and air exhaust stand
pipes exposed above the surface of the earth;
(g) a support pole coaxially mounted -within said cas
ing and extending ybetween said top and bottom ends
thereof; and
(h) a plurality of step plates secured to said support
pole and to the interior peripheral surface of said
length thereof, said housing unit `'being bounded by
at least eight planar wall surfaces delining a poly
cylindrical casing and extending horizontally there
hedral cross~section with the lines of intersection of
between in spaced helical alignment around said sup
port pole from the «bottom thereof a predetermined
distance upward, each of said plates being in the
said planar wall surfaces being contiguous with the
longitudinal interior surface of said cylindrical tank
and with at` least four of said lines of intersection
contacting the interior peripheral surface of said tank
to provide support from said tank for downward
Ábearing loads upon said housing unit, said housing
unit having a iirst opening in one end thereof coex
tensive with the first opening in said one end of said
50
shape of a sector of a circle of said predetermined
diameter with the arcuate surface of each sector
contiguous with the interior peripheral surface of
said casing and with the apex of each sector con
tiguous with said support pole.
No references cited.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
796 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа