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Патент USA US3050818

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Aug. 28, 1962
M. COHN
3,050,806
GARMENT FASTENING EYE
Filed Oct. 7, 1960
INVENTOR.
M?UR/CA? C’OH/V
ATTORNEYS
3,05%,806
Patented Aug. 28, 1962
2
3,059,396
GARMENT FASTENING EYE
Maurice Cohn, South St, South Coventry, Conn.
Filed Oct. 7, 1960, Ser. No. 61,125
2 Claims. (Cl. 24-226)
This invention relates to a garment fastening hook and
eye device and, more particularly, to an improved eye of
the type that is usually stitched to the garment fabric.
Garment fastening eyes of the type which are stitched
to the garment are generally made as a sheet metal stamp
ing of rectangular con?guration having an elongated cen
As will be observed in FIG. 1, the garment fastening
eye provided in accordance with the present invention is
still generally rectangular or D-shaped. The body of the
eye 10 is preferably formed as a sheet metal stamping
having a generally rectangular longitudinally extending
opening 12 which is preferably centrally located in the
lbody of the eye. This opening is provided in su?icient
longitudinal extent to receive a companion hook, and by
providing the opening a pair of longitudinal bars 14 and
16 are de?ned in the sheet metal body 10.
One of these bars, for example the bar 14, may be re
ferred to as an engaging bar over which the companion
tral opening. An eye of this type is secured to the gar
hook is passed as it is extended through the opening 12.
ment fabric ‘by stitching over one of the longitudinal bars
The other of these bars, for example the bar 16, is the
adjacent the central opening. When such an eye is tightly 15 anchoring bar over which threads are extended in securing
stitched to a relatively sti?f fabric, some difficulty is en—
the eye member to a garment fabric or the like.
countered in engaging or connecting the hook because
As thus far described, the eye member 10 may be con
the eye tends to lie ?at against the fabric.
sidered to be conventional. However, in the conventional
It is the‘ general object of the present invention to pro
stitched eye, the hook-receiving opening is considerably
vide a garment fastening eye of the aforesaid type which
wider than the opening 12 and the engaging and anchor
is particularly adapted to facilitate connection with an
ing bars 14 and 16 are substantially more narrow. In
associated hook.
.
accordance with the present invention, more metal stock
The drawing shows preferred embodiments of the in
is left on the eye member 1h, but in the stamping process,
vention and such embodiments will be described, but it
the anchoring bar 16 is struck transversely in cuts 13,
will be understood that various changes may be made 25 18 extending from the central opening 12 at the ends
from the constructions disclosed, and that the drawing
thereof toward but nonetheless spaced from the outside
and description are not to be construed as de?ning or limit
ing the scope of the invention, the claims forming a part of
this speci?cation being relied upon for that purpose.
Of the drawing:
>
FIG. 1 is a greatly enlarged plan view of a garment
fastening eye constructed in accordance with the present
invention;
FIG. 2 is an end view of the said eye showing it stitched
longitudinal ego of the said anchoring bar. By being
so formed, the anchoring bar 16 is provided with a
tongue 2%.
In further accord with the present invention, the said
tongue 2% is bent along a longtiudinal bend line 22 and
projected downwardly from the plane of the eye member
or body 19. This bending of the tongue 20 enlarges the
effective opening which receives the hook, and by bending
to a fabric;
35 the tongue downwardly when the eye member is laid on
FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 but showing a hook
fabric as illustrated in FIG. 2, the body portion of the
connected with the eye; and
eye and its opening 12 will project away from the fabric.
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 1 of an alternative
This provides greater accessibility of the eye for connec
construction in accordance with the present invention.
As is well known, garment fastening hook and eye de
vices are widely used to close and secure the waistbands
of men’s trousers and women’s skirts and other garments.
Most hooks and eyes are secured to the fabrics by being
clinched therein. That is, the hook is generally provided
with a base having clinching prongs extending at a right
angle from the plane of the base so that they can be
extended through the fabric and through suitable aper
tures in a backing plate on the ‘opposite side of the fabric
and then bent or clinched over the backing plate to secure
tion with the hook and it facilitates entry of the hook into
the eye opening.
'
A less apparent advantage in providing the bent tongue
29 is that the eye can be more ?rmly secured by stitch
ing'to the garment fabric. That is, the bent tongue 20
increases the overall width of the anchoring bar 16 over
' which the threads T are passed in securing the eye to
the fabric. The wider dimension of the anchoring bar
and the bend or hump therein along the bend line 22
tend to prevent longitudinal movement of the eye mem
ber within the looped threads.
the hook in place. Similarly, the eyes are usually pro
Hook and eye connection is further facilitated in
vided in C-shape, the ends of the eye members providing
accordance with the present invention by bending the
the prongs which are extended through the fabric and
engaging bar 14 downwardly as shown in FIG. 2 along
clinched over a companion ‘backing plate. The backing
a longitudinal bend line 24 which is coincident with the
plates of the hooks and eyes are then covered by another
adjacent edge of the opening 12. This permits the en
layer of fabric, and this makes it di?icult to unclinch the 55
gaging bar 14 to be relatively wide without blocking
securing prongs of the hooks and eyes to remove such
movement of the hook into the eye opening, and the
members from the fabric. It is often desirable to re
move and relocate either a hook or an eye on a garment
downwardly bent engagaing bar 14 frictionally engages
after its initial fabrication to better fit the garment of the
both inner surfaces '26 and 28 of an associated hook
wearer.
H as shown in FIG. 3 to make the hook and eye con
In order to provide easy adjustability for relocation
of the fastening devices, it has become a practice in pro
inadvertent disengagement.
viding the hook and eye devices for some garments to pro
vide an eye which is capable of being stitched to the gar
if desired, the eye of this invention can be pro
vided in the alternative form shown in FIG. 4. The said
nection more ?rm and to diminish the possibility of
ment and which does not use prongs and an associated 65 alternative form differs from that described only in the
provision of one or more thread notches 30, 30 over
which the stitches can be passed to provide even greater
metal stampings having a central opening through which _
assurance that the eye will not shift or move longitu~
backing plate. Such garment fastening eyes are generally
provided in the form of rectangular or D-shaped sheet
the associated hook is extended in effecting connection.
dinally within the thread loops. As shown, the thread
As previously mentioned, such eyes lie ?at on or against 70 notches 36, 30 are preferably located on the tongue 20
the fabric, and di?iculty is often encountered in thrusting
of the anchoring bar in the edge adjacent the hook re
the hook through the eye opening to effect connection.
ceiving opening 12. However, the said notches can be
'
3,050,806
3
provided in the outside longitudinal edge of the anchor
ing bar.
_
The invention claimed is: a
1. An improved eye for association with a hook in
a hook and eye garment fastening device, the said eye
comprising a generally rectangular sheet member hav
ing a generally rectangular centrally located longitu
dinally extending opening to receive the hook and which
4
comprising a generally rectangular sheet member hav
ing a generally rectangular centrally located opening
extending longitudinally therein to receive the hook and
which de?nes a pair of longitudinal bars on opposite
sides or" the said opening, one being an engaging bar
which is bent downwardly along a bend line coincident
with the adjacent longitudinal edge of the central open-.
ing and over which the hook is passed through the open
ing to effect fastening engagement, and the other being
de?nes a pair of longitudinal bars on opposite sides of
the said opening, one being an engaging bar which is 16 an anchoring bar over which threads are extended in
stitching the eye in place on the garment fabric, a‘ sub- '
bent downwardly along a longitudinal bend line coin
cident with the adjacent longitudinal edge of the said
central opening and over which the hook is passed through
the opening to e?ect fastening engagement, and the other
being an anchoring bar over which threads are extended"
in stitching the eye in place on the garment fabric, a
stantial portion of the said anchoring bar being struck
transversely in cuts extending from the ends of the said
opening and being bent along a longitudinal bend' line '
from the plane of the eye member to de?ne a tongue '
engageable with the fabric to project the engaging bar
substantial portion of the said anchoring bar being struck
transversely in cuts extending from the said opening and
being bent downwardly along a longitudinal bend line
and eye opening away from the fabric for easy engage
ment and disengagement of the hook, and the said an
choring bar being provided with at least one notch in. I
engageable with the fabric to project the engaging bar
when the eye is stitched to thefabric.
from the plane of the eye member to de?ne a tongue 20 one of its longitudinal edges to receive looped thread
and eye opening away from the fabric for easy engage
ment and disengagement of the hook.
2. An improved eye for association with a hook in
a hook and eye garment fastening device, the said eye
'
References Qited in the ?le of this patent‘
UNITED STATES PATENTS’
95 3,927
Smith ________________
__ Apr. 5, 19107
'
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