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Патент USA US3051191

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Aug. 28, 1962
Filed Feb. 17, 1959
United States ate r
Patented Aug. 28, 1962
lines 6—6 of FIG. 4 to illustrate the seating of the binding
Arthur F. Johnson, Northbrook, I]l., assignor to Ander
son Tool & Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111., a corporation of
Filed Feb. 17, 1959, Ser. No. 793,760
5 Claims. (Cl. 129-38)
The novel binder, as depicted in FIGS. 1 and 2, includes
a pair of front and rear covers 10 and 11 hingedly at
tached to a ?at backbone member 12, and the bound con
tents may consist of a number of individually bound maga
zines 13, each held by a long, thin, but springy wire rod
14 laid into the hinge or paging gutters 13G thereof, in
The improvements disclosed hereinafter relate to loose
the manner indicated in FIG. 4.
leaf and analogous binding devices, and more particularly 10
The rods 14 are each sprung at their opposite ends into
to the so-called rod type of binder for collecting paged
special rod seats 15, 15A (FIGS. 1 and 2), respectively
material such as magazines, catalogues, and the like, al
attached by rivets R to the inside head and foot portions
ready bound in pamphlet or book form, between a set of
of the backbone 12.
covers, by use of a long rod laid into the hinge or binding
The construction of the rod seats 15 is of a character to
gutter of the magazine or pamphlet, rods being secured at 15 facilitate mass production at economical prices, which is
their ends in some manner and being removable by a slight
essential to marketing this class of binder, particularly
bending thereof to spring them into or out of position.
where the binders are to be used for premium purposes, as '
A variety of arrangements have been proposed for re
in conjunction with the sale or promotion of magazines‘
movably capturing or attaching the rods to the set of
and periodical services.
covers and for spacing the rods from each other, and from
Referring particularly to FIGS. 4 and 5, the novel rod
the back of the binder, and many arrangements have been
seating means is formed by the assembly of a pair of mat
proposed for utilizing these binding rods in binders hav
ing ?at and rounded backs.
ing metal stampings having the peculiar cross-sectional
con?guration seen in FIG. 5, the outer one of these forms '
Books, and binders intended to look like books, are gen
or stampings being provided with a ?at base portion 16
erally preferred to have rounded backs or spines, and the 25 having an upset front lip 17 and an upstanding back wall
preference extends not only to the appearance, but to the
18, the upper edge of which is arcuate and formed over
actual binding and paging of the leaf matter insofar as it
to provide a rounded headband edge 18X (FIGS. 3 and:
actually has the opening and paging action of round
5). Two rivet holes 19A are formed in the base portion
backed, sewn, glued, or taped signatures or pages to pro
to register with a like pair of holes 19B formed in the
vide a shallow reading gutter at any place between the
companion stamping, as described hereinafter, the holes
endmost pages to which it may be opened.
19B, however, being upwardly bossed (FIGS. 3 and 5).
The principal object of the present improvements is the
The con?guration of the companion stamping is best
provision of a sturdy rod-type binder and a rounded rod
understood from the sectional view of FIG. 5, wherein
seating means which can be economically manufactured
there is provided a base portion 26, an upset, arcuate front
and which permits easy insertion and removal of the rods 35 Wall 27, a similar, but larger, upstanding arcuate rear
and bound material and which spaces the backs of the in
‘wall 28 with a rearwardly formed-over arcuate rim 28X
dividually bound magazines or pamphlets from the back
adapted to nest in assembly beneath the arcuate “head
bone of the cover set, while at the same time affording a
band edge” 18X of the outer piece, it being noted, how
good reading gutter at any position.
ever, that the rim 28X is substantially wider than the edge
A more detailed object is the provision of an economi
18X, and that the distance separating the front wall 27
cally produced rod-seating means comprising two mating
from the rear Wall 28 is shorter than that separating the
metal forms or stampings which are adapted to be snapped >
front lip 17 from the rear Wall 18 in the main outer stamp
into assembly to form a seat having an integral, arcuate
ing, with the result that in the assembled condition of
gliding rail for the backs of the bound material, together
these parts, as in FIG. 6, a rather deep cavity or well W
with an arcuate rod seat containing rod-seating wells lo 45 is formed between said Walls 18 and 28 beneath the nested
cated along an arc concentric with the gliding rail, with
arcuate rims 18X, 28X, wherein the ends 14X of the bind~
the ends of the rods concealed from view and possible
ing rods are received and shielded while having some‘
damaging contact with the ?ngers or clothing or furniture.
freedom (owing to the predetermined length of the rods)
Additional objects and aspects of novelty and utility re
to shift slightly lengthwise during ?exure, as indicated by '
the dash-dot outline of the rod in FIG. 6.
late to details of the binding device described hereinafter
in view of the annexed drawing in which:
A further important structural feature of the secondary
rod-seat stamping is the provision of an arcuate spacing
and glider ledge 27X on the upstanding front wall thereof.
closed condition;
A series of evenly spaced rod holes H is laid along an
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective View of a partly 55
arc (FIGS. 4 and 6), in concentricity with the arcs of the
loaded binder in open condition;
“headband” edge 18X--28X and the gliding ledge 27X in
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary plan detail of the
such spacing upwardly from the latter as to space the rods '
backbone portion of a binder showing one of the rod
14 evenly above the arcuate gliding ledge 27X, as de
FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional detail taken along 60 picted at 142 (FIG. 6), so as to leave a predetermined
average spacing of the rods above the ledge to allow
lines 4——4 of FIG. 3, parts being seen in elevation;
generous freedom of movement of the hinge or binding
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional assembly detail taken through
gutters 13X (FIG. 4). of the magazines in various atti
the two mating pieces of one of the rod seats in relation
tudes and manipulated positions in use, taking into ac~
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the loaded binder in
for snap-in assembly;
count the possibility of a range of variation in thickness
FIG. 6 is an enlarged sectional fragment taken along 65 of the individual inserts.
seating mean-scomprising in each seat a base-portion, a"
forward wall providing an arcuate gliding ledge upstand
ing from said base portion, and a hollow rearward wall
of are dimensioned, conformed, and situated so that the
wide arcuate rim 28X can be pressed snugly beneath the
structure constituting a well to receive and shield the
arcuate head band lip 18X, while the base 26 of the
secondary stamping ?ts snugly down upon the larger outer
base 16 with the upset front wall 27 of the secondary
piece snapping in behind the upset lip v17, so that the two
pieces are very securely, but separably, joined into a
unitary rod seating assembly.
ends of the binding rods, said hollow Wall structure having
a series of rod-receiving holes arranged in arcuate con
centricity with, and at a level above, the arcuate surface
There is sut?cient yieldability of the wall members to
permit separation of the two stampings from assembled
inter?t, should this be desirable, and for this purpose
it is merely necessary to apply a lifting ‘force to the inner
stamping at the gliding ledge or by prying in between
the respective base portions 16, 26.
the respective ends of the rods therein; improved rod
The mating stampings are shown sectionally in FIG. 5
in position for assembly and the inter?tting portions there
of said gliding ledge, said holes in each rod seat being
axially aligned with the holes in the companion seat, and
said rods being of springy character and of a length such
that they are adapted by slight bending de?ection thereof
to be sprung into a pair ‘of aligned rod holes in the pair
of seats, said holes being situated at. a level to space said
rods as aforesaid a predetermined distance above the ap
pertaining gliding ledges, which is su?icient to permit
bound material of a predetermined maximum thickness
at the binding gutter to glide on said ledge in a pivotal
sense about the appertaining binding rod.
as a sort of subassembly for subsequent mounting in a
2. In a binder of the rod type including a set of springy
set oflcovers, and once they are set home with rivets R 20
In general, the two stampings will be provided with a
?nish coating of paint or plating or the like, and joined
(FIG. 6), the assembly ‘for all practical purposes becomes
'I'hesnap ?t assembly, in general, is a feature of manu
facture having an important bearing on cost, because it
binding rods of predetermined length together with a pair
of rod seats attached to a backing member in predeter
mined spaced relation =t0 seat a plurality of said rods
spanning the space therebetween, improvements compris
is very di?icult to fabricate a rounded rod seat of the 25 ing: binding seats each characterized by having an arcuate
ledge member having spaced therefrom a cavitatious Wall
structure parallel to said ledge member affording a well
to receive the appertaining ends of said rods and havingv
in a side thereof confronting the ledge member a series
sible a rodrseating unit having an arcuate rod-receiving
and shielding well with an arcuate spacing, backing, and 30 of rod receiving holes arranged uniformly in an arc con
centric with the curvature of the ledge member but of
gliding ledge for the bound contents, together with a
greater radius of curvature than the latter whereby the
similarity of paging action and gutter-opening (and some
holes are at av level uniformly above the ledge, so that
what the appearance) of a round-back binding at very low
class described by stamping operations both from the
standpoint of ‘feasibility and economy.
The two-piece snap-in assembly described makes pos
the opposite ends of binding rods of the springy char
It will now be understood that each of the two mating
stampings is provided with a rear wall 18 or 28 struck up
from an appertaining base portion 16 or 26, and that the
?rst or innermost stamping also has a front wall 27 struck
up ‘from its Ibase portion along the edge thereof opposite
its backwall,;and that this front wall has an upper or free
margin ‘offset to form the gliding ledge 27X, while the
other stampinghas only a low or narrow lip 17 along
acter and predetermined length as aforesaid will be enter
able into one of a pair of aligned rod holes in the respec
tive seats on springing a ‘rod into position, whereby the
ends of the rods will be concealed and shielded and each
rod will lie at a predetermined spaced level above the
ledges in the pair of seats.
3. The binder of claim 2 in which the binding seats
are further characterized in that each seat is a composite
member consisting of a pair of conjoined stampings each
shaped to inter?t with the other and interlock in unitary
one of said stampings including said ledge
with the other one, the front wall 27 is locked behind the
member and a ?rst part of said wall structure, and the
lip ‘17 and the two back walls are in spaced juxtaposition
other stamping including a second part of said wall struc
to de?ne-the rod well with their respective marginal rims
thecorresponding base side, so that in assembly, when
the inside or second stamping is vforced into assembly
form lends a ?nished appearance to the binding means
ture positioned to confront the ?rst wall part and de?ne
therewith a cavity constituting said well in the assembled
condition of said stampings,
4. The construction of claim 3 further characterized
lip 17 prevents lateral separationunless sufficient force
said second stamping having along an edge opposite the
or offsets ‘18X, 28X, meeting to form what may be
termed-for convenience a headband wall suggestive of the
headband ?nish on a bound book in that its location and
in that said ?rst and second wall parts of. the pair of '
at .the top and foot of; the backbone panel.
inter?tting stampings each have an arcuate offset marginal
The arcuate top rim 28X serves the multiple purpose
rim con?guration substantially concentric with the curva
of-affording a spacing means for locating the ?rst rear
ture of said ledge member, and said rim con?gurations
wall from the second one to de?ne the rod cavity or well,
?t closely together in assembly to de?ne an arcuate head
andv de?ning a further interlocking or retaining means
band wall concealing the ends of the rods in the well
cooperably with the rim 18X, and also de?ning in large
formed between said ?rst and second wall parts.
part the arcuate top Wall or headband w-all means 18X,
5. A rod-seating structure for binders of the class de
28X which substantially closes o?c the well.
‘In assembling the two forms, they are brought into the 60 scribed comprising a pair of mating metal stampings, one
of which includes a base portion having a narrow retain
relationship seen in FIG. 5 and snapped together by di
ing lip formed along one edge and an upstanding back
rectingthe inner base portion 26 down upon the other
wall formed along an opposite edge, the other stamping
base portion 16 and forcing the front wall 27 down he
having a base portion adapted to seat upon the base por
hind the retaining lip or ?ange 17. The arcuate char
tion of the ?rst stamping, and having ‘along one edge an
acter of the inter?tted upper rim 18X, 28X prevents the
upstanding back wall of approximately the same con
assembled pieces from separating by lengthwise sliding
?guration and size as the back wall on the ?rst stamping,
of theinnerebase upon the outer base, and the narrow
is used to ?ex the back wall to permit clearing thelip
appertaining back wall, a lower front wall with an arcuate
7 1'. In a binder of the rod type having covers joined with
gliding ledge ‘formed along its upper margin, the base
portion of the second stamping ?tting down upon the
base portion of the ?rst stamping with said'front wall
a back comprisinga pair of rod seats mounted in spaced
relation on the back of the binderrwith binding rods of
second stamping spatially juxtaposed and aligned with
on reversemovement.
I I claim;
predetermined length spanning the space for seating of
snugly inter?tted behind said lip and the ,rear Wall of the.
the rear wall of the second stamping to form a well for
receiving and shielding the ends of binding rods therein,
the rear wall of the second stamping having formed there
in at a predetermined uniform level above said ledge a
series of rod holes arranged ‘along an arc concentrically
of the center of curvature of the ledge, and both said rear
Wall portions having marginal o?sets meeting to form
a top headband wall for said well.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Dom ________________ __ June 22, 1886
Caryl _______________ __ Feb. 27, 1900
Flanagan _____________ __ Nov. 3, 1903
Bolling ______________ __ May 20, 1924
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