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Патент USA US3051304

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Aug. 28, 1962
T. J. REED
3,051,294
CATTLE FEED DISTRIBUTING APPARATUS
Filed May 21, 1959
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United States Patent Oli âee
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3,051,294
Patented Aug. 28, 1962
2
with inturned Stitfening flanges 17 on their upper edges.
3,951,294
The lower edges of the side walls are inclined down
CATTLE FEED DISTRIBUTÍNG APPARATUS
Theron John Reed, Burr Oak, Mich.
Filed May 21, 1959, Ser. No. 814,854
8 Claims. (Cl. 198-65)
wardly inwardly in sloping bottom walls 18 that termi
nate in laterally spaced relation to lthe edges of their
opposed parts and are turned outwardly in generally hori
zontal brace walls 19 connected to the side elements 10
by downturned flanges 20. The bottom walls 18 thus
define an elongated narrow discharge mouth extending
along the length of the conveyor chute 2.
-This Iinvention relates to improvements in cattle feed
distributing apparatus. The principal objects of this in
Ventron are:
First, to provide apparatus for distributing cattle feed
The valve element 6 is of sector shaped cross section
such as ensilage along an elongated feed platform or
as appears in FIG. 2 and is supported by a longitudinally
bunker and selectively discharging the feed »to one side
extending control shaft 21 that is supported near its ends
or the other of the bunker.
at the center of the angled crosspiece 12. The upper
Second, to provide a feed distributor that is easily con
curved sector 22 of the periphery of the valve is posi
trolled from a central location to distribute feed longitu 15 tioned to swing in closing relation across the discharge
dinally along either side or both sides of an elongated
Slot or to swing to either side thereof as indicated by the
bunker or deliver feed at a single point at the end of the
dotted lines at 6B in FIG. 2 in which position the flat side
distributor or feed mixed ration without separation.
walls of the valve element Will direct the discharge feed
Third, to provide a feed distributor having the fore
material selectively to either side of the conveyor trough.
going functional abilities which is simple in construction 20
and relatively inexpensive yet sturdy and long lived.
ya”
The feed screw 5 is a helix mounted on a central shaft
tected position adjacent a supply point while the delivery
23 and is supported in the feed trough by engagement of
the helix with the inclined bottom walls 18. As pre
viously indicated the conveyor chute is adapted to have
extra sections attached thereto and for -this purpose the
portions of the distributor extends outwardly to a feed
area and in which the exposed portions of the distributor
are of simple sturdy construction Well adapted to with
stand exposure to the weather.
Other objects and adantages of the invention will be
apparent from a consideration of the following descrip 30
tion and claims. The drawings, of which there is one
ends of the delivery shaft 23 and control shaft 21 are re
duced Iand shouldered «as at 24 for pin connection to
sockets on the ends of mating shafts and the ends of the
side members 15 are outwardly offset as at 25 to nestingly
receive and support the end of a similar conveyor trough
section.
The right or inner end of the first trough Asection is
sheet, illustrate a highly practical form of the invention.
closed by an end wall 26 having laterally turned ilanges
FIG. l is a fragmentary side elevational View of a
27 secured to the side elements 10 of the adjusting frame
and the end wall 26 supports a transmission case 28 hav
Fourth, to provide a feed distributor in which the driv
ing parts and controls can be located »at a central pro
length of the distributing apparat-us of the invention with
the driving and adjusting mechanism mounted thereon.
35
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary end elevational View of the
ing `suitable speed reduction gearing 29 therein, con
nected to the drive shaft 23 of the conveyor lscrew and
delivery end of »the mechanism appearing at the left end
provided with a drive pulley 30. The pulley 30 is con
of HG. l.
nected by the belt 31 to a drive pulley 32 on an electric
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary top plan View of the drive and
motor 33 and the motor 33 is supported upon a suitable
control mechanism of the distributor, lthe view -being taken 40 platform 34 connected to the adjusting fr-ame side ele
along the plane of the broken line 3-3 in FIG. 1.
ments 10 to be vertically adjusted along with the conveyor
In FIG. l the base line 1 indicates a feeding platform
trough and the screw 5.
or support arranged at any suitable height and of any
Secured to the end of the platform 34 is a yoke 35 sup
desired length to accommodate the number of animals to
porting a control crank 36 and connected worm 37 in
be fed. The distributor for delivering feed along this 45 driving engagement with a gear 38 connected to the end
platform consists generally of a conveyor trough 2 ver
of the control shaft 21. Rotation of the crank 36 thus
tically adjustably supported by an inner end support 3
selectively rocks the control shaft 21 and the valve ele
and an outer end support 4. A conveyor screw 5 is ro
ment 6. It will be obvious that when the valve element 6
tatably mounted within the conveyor trough and delivery
is -tilted to one side or the other material will be delivered
of the material being distributed is controlled by a valve 50 to one side or the other of the conveyor trough com
element 6 mounted along the bottom of the conveyor
pletely thereal-ong and that when the conveyor screw is
trough as will be more particularly described presently.
actuated with the valve element 6 the material will be fed
The trough 2, screw 5 and valve 6 are adapted at their
or delivered out of the open end of the trough 2. The
left or outer end for connection to similar continuing
feed distributing apparatus can be mounted with the
sections as indicated by the dotted lines 2A and 6A so 55 motor 33 and control crank 36 within an enclosure such
that the conveyor can be assembled in any length desired.
as a housing adjacent the bottom of a silo to protect the
yMore specifically, the supports 3 and 4 which are iden
driving parts of the mechanism from the weather and to
tical consist of spaced parallel uprights 7 of oppositely
inwardly facing channel shaped cross section. The up
permit the regulated supply of the. various feeds or feed
mixtures to the conveyor. The outer exposed portions
rights are connected at the top by a crossbar 8 and are 60 of the conveyor have no critical parts that are adversely
provided with suitable supporting feet 9. Vertically slid
ably adjustable between the uprights 7 is a generally rec
tangular frame consisting of outwardly facing channel
shaped side members 10 connected at the top by a cross
bar 11 and connected at the bottom by a lower cross 65
member 12 that is offset downwardly in the center. Ver
tical adjusting screws 13 passed through the upper cross
member 8 and supported thereon by nuts 14 are con
affected by exposure to the weather and can be left out in
the open. By inverting the valve 6 the V edge thereof
will divide the material being delivered to both sides
of the bunker.
What is claimed as new is:
1. Cattle feed distributing apparatus comprising a pair
of end supports having spaced parallel uprights, frames
vertically slidably guided between said uprights and hav
ing top cross members connecting spaced side elements,
nected to the frame cross member 11 for vertically adjust
70 screw means connected between said supports and the top
ing the frame within the support side members 7.
The conveyor trough 2 consists of symmetrically oppo
cross members of said frames to adjustably support said
site side members 15 having spaced parallel side walls 16
frames, laterally spaced side members carried by and
3,051,294
3
4
extending between the side elements of said frames, said
side members having spaced parallel side walls with in
turned flanges on the top and downwardly and inwardly
tion of said valve element relative to the opening between
said bottom walls.
inclined bottom walls terminating inspaced relation with
of end supports having spaced parallel uprights, laterally
outwardly turned brace walls extending to the side ele
ments of said frames and connected thereto by down
frames rotatably supporting a control shaft longitudinally
spaced side members carried by and extending between
said supports, said side members having spaced parallel
side walls and downwardly and inwardly inclined bottom
walls terminating in spaced relation with outwardly turned
below the space between said bottom walls, an elongated
brace walls extending to said supports and connected there
4. Cattle feed distributing apparatus comprising a pair
turned vertical flanges, lower cross members `on said
valve element carried by said control shaft and having a 10 to by downturned vertical lianges, lower cross members
on said supports rotatably supporting a control shaft longi
sector shaped cross section with an arcuate periphery ro
tudinally below the space between said bottom walls, an
tatable in closing relation between said bottom walls, a
elongated valve element carried by said control shaft and
delivery shaft with a feed screw thereon extending longi
having a sector shaped cross section with a periphery ro
tudinally between said frames and between said side walls
with the screw engaging said bottom walls, an end wall 15 tatable in closing relation between said bottom walls, a
delivery shaft with a feed screw thereon extending longi
closing one end -of the space between said bottom and side
tudinally between said side walls with the screw engaging
walls, a transmission supported on the outer side of said
end wall and having a driven shaft connected to said
said bottom walls, an end wall closing one end of the
delivery shaft, a motor support carn‘ed by the frame ad
space between said bottom and side walls, a transmission
jacent said end wall and having a lmotor drivingly .con 20 on the outer side of said end wall having a driven shaft
connected to said delivery shaft, a motor drivingly con
nected to said transmission, a worm carried by said motor
support and meshing with a gear connected to said con
nected to said transmission, and means to rockably adjust
trol shaft, and crank means connected to said worm to ad
the position of said valve element relative to the opening
just -the position of said valve element relative to the
between said bottom walls.
'
opening between said bottom walls.
5. Cattle feed ydistributing apparatus comprising a pair
25
2. Cattle feed distributing apparatus comprising a pair
of end supports having spaced parallel uprights, laterally
of end supports having spaced parallel uprights, frames
vertically slidably guided between said uprights and having
spaced side members carried by and extending between
said supports, said side members having spaced side walls
top cross members connecting spaced side elements, means
and downwardly and inwardly inclined bottom walls ter
connected between said supports and said frames to ad 30 minating in spaced relation with outwardly turned brac
justably support said frames, laterally spaced side mem
ing walls extending to said supports, means on said sup
bers carried by and extending between said frames, said
ports rotatably supporting a control shaft longitudinally
side members having spaced parallel side walls and down
below the space between said -bottom walls, an elongated
wardly and inwardly inclined bottom walls terminating
valve element carried by said control shaft and having a
in spaced relation with outwardly turned brace walls ex
35 sector shaped cross section with 'a periphery rotatable in
tending to said frames and connected thereto by down
closing relation between said bottom walls, `a delivery
turned vertical flanges, lower cross members on said
shaft with a feed screw thereon extending longitudinally
frames rotatably supporting a control shaft longitudinally
between said side walls, an end wall closing one end of
below the space between said bottom walls, an elongated
the space between said bottom and side walls, a trans
valve element carried by said control shaft and having a 40 mission on said end wall having a driven shaft connected
sector shaped cross section with a periphery rotatable in
to said delivery shaft, a motor drivingly connected to
closing relation between said bottom walls, a delivery
said transmission, and means to rockably adjust the posi
tion of said valve element relative to the opening be
shaft with a feed screw thereon extending longitudinally
between said frames and between said side Walls with the
tween said bottom walls.
screw engaging said bottom walls, an end wall closing 45
6. Cattle feed distributing apparatus comprising a
trough made up of integral spaced side members
one end of the space between said bottom and side walls,
a transmission on the outer side of said end wall and
having upright upper portions forming side walls
of sai-d trough and laterally inwardly and down
having a driven shaft connected to said delivery shaft,
a motor support carried by the frame adjacent said end
wardly converging bottom portions forming spaced
wall and having a motor drivingly connected to said 50
transmission, and means to adjust the position of said
valve element relative to the opening between said bot
inclined bottom walls of said trough with a slot be
tween the opposed edges thereof,
' means lsp-aced along said trough and connecting said
tom walls.
3. Cattle feed distributing apparatus comprising a pair
of end supports having spaced parallel uprights, frames
side members,
a conveyor screw disposed in said trough and supported
55
vertically slidably guided between said uprights and hav
mg top cross members connecting spaced side elements,
means connected between said supports and said frames
to adjustably support said frames, laterally spaced side
members carried by and extending between said frames, 60
said slde members having spaced parallel side walls and
downwardly and inwardly inclined bottom walls terminat
l
on said Ibottom walls with the sides of the screw in
close but clearing relation to said side walls,
an elongated valve of segmental cross section extend
ing along the lower side of said slot,
means rotatively adjustably supporting said valve from
»said side members along a longitudinal axis of the
valve to selectively position the peripheral surface
of the valve in closing relation to said slot or in
slot opening position to either side of the slot,
supporting a control shaft longitudinally below the space
between said bottom walls, an elongated valve element 65 means for supporting said trough and valve above a
collecting platform for material discharged through
carried by said control shaft and having a periphery ro
said slot,
tatable in closing relation between said bottom walls, a
' and means for rotatively driving said screw.
delivery shaft with a feed screw thereon extending longi
7. Cattle feed distributing apparatus comprising a
tudinally between said frames and between said side walls,
trough made up of spaced side members having up
an end wall closing one end `of the space between said 70
iight upper portions forming side walls of said
bottom and side walls, a transmission on the outer side o-f
trough and laterally inwardly and downwardly con
said end wall Aand having a driven shaft connected to said
verging bottom portions forming spaced inclined
delivery shaft, a motor support carried by the frame ad
bottom walls of said trough with a slot between the
jacent said end wall and having a motor drivingly con
opposed edges thereof,
nected to said transmission, and means to adjust the posi 75
lng 1n spaced relation, -means on said frames rotatably
3,051,294
6
5
8. Apparatus `as deñned in claim 6 in which said
means spaced along said trough and connecting said
side members,
trough and said screw and said valve are made up of
a conveyor screw disposed in said trough and supported
conneetable sections.
on said bottom Walls,
an elongated valve having a longitudinal surface at 5
least as wide as said slot extending lalong the lower
side of said slot with side surfaces extending sharp
ly away from said longitudinal surface along each
edge thereof,
means rotatively adjustably supporting said valve from 10
said side members ‘along a longitudinal axis of the
valve to selectively position said longitudinal sur
face of the valve in closing relation to said slot or in
slot opening position to either side of the slot,
means for supporting said trough and valve above a 15
collecting platform for material discharged through
said slot,
and means for rotatively driving said screw.
References Cited in the file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,555,886
2,646,023
Snyder ______________ __ Oct. 6, 1925
Virgil ______________ __ July 21, 1953
2,738,766
2,803,334
Hart _______________ _- Mar. 20, 1956
Kitson _____________ __ Aug. 20, 1957
FOREIGN PATENTS
311,827
Germany ____________ __ May 2, 1919
704,254
Great Britain _________ __ Feb. 17, 1954
733,871
Great Britain _________ __. July 20, 1955
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