close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

EDUCATION in GREAT BRITAIN - Wikispaces

код для вставкиСкачать
EDUCATION
in GREAT BRITAIN
Lecture 6
British system of education has
3 stages
Pre-school (nursery) (3-4 year
olds)
primary (5-11 years of age),
secondary (11-16 years of
age),
higher and further (tertiary)
(18 and over)
School education:
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Compulsory free education at the
school level (5% of pupils attend
private schools*)
Schools are mostly mixed
It is not strictly centralised, mostly
organised by Local Educational
Authorities (LEA)
Only in 1988 the National Curriculum
was introduced in England
*Public = Private!
Confusing terminology:
Public schools (in the meaning the term is used in the USA
and elsewhere in the world) in Britain are called
“state schools”
Private schools (in the meaning it is used in the USA and
elsewhere in the world) in Britain are called
“public schools”
National Curriculum
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
In England – consists of core subjects,
compulsory for 5-16-year-olds: English, math
and sciences and foundation subjects:
technology, history, geography, music, art and
modern languages
In Wales – like in England but Welsh is a core
subject in Welsh-speaking schools
In Scotland – no unified curriculum but
educational authorities recommend that schools
should follow a broad and balanced curriculum
In NI – a compulsory curriculum made up of
religious education and 6 broad areas of study.
Also includes 4 compulsory cross-cultural
themes
PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC EXAMS:
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
The exams are not set by the
government but rather by
independent examining boards
The boards publish a separate
syllabus for each subject. There is no
unified school-leaving exam or
school-leaving certificate
The exams have nothing to do with
school years as such. They are
divorced from the school system
Categories of public exams
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
GCSE = General Certificate of Secondary
Education. The exams taken by most 15to 16-year-olds in England, Wales, and
Northern Ireland
SCE = Scottish Certificate of Education
A-levels = Advanced Levels. Higher-level
academic exams set by the same
examining boards that set GCSE exams.
They are taken mostly by people around
18 who wish to go on to higher education
SCE �Highers’ = The Scottish equivalent
of A-level
The Sixth Form
Pupils finish school at 16
пЃ® Universities enroll students
no younger that 18
пЃ® Those, who wish to join
universities and still under
18, study in the sixth form
пЃ®
UNIVERSITIES
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Oxbridge – 12-13th c.c.
The old Scottish universities – 15-16th
c.c.(Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen,
St.Andrew)
The early 19-th century English
universities (Durham Univ., the Univ. of
London et al)
The “redbrick” universities (Birmingham,
Manchester, Leeds et al)
The newer civic universities (technical
colleges → politechnics→universities)
The Open University
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
The pioneer in Distance Education
Started in 1969
Study for a degree
Courses are taught via TV, radio, the
Internet
The number of students is more than
200 000 students
University Degrees
пЃ®


Bachelor’s Degree (BA = B.of Arts
BS = B.of Sciences) – a
first (undergraduate) degree
Master’s Degree (MA = M. of Arts
MS = M.of Sciences)
- a second (graduate) degree
Doctorate – the highest academic
qualification (PhD = Doctor of Philosophy)
Документ
Категория
Презентации по английскому языку
Просмотров
989
Размер файла
82 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа