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Патент USA US3052898

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SePt- 11, 1952
l. s. BLANCHARD
3,052,888
HAIR PROTECTING DEVICE FOR USE WITH BATHING CAPS
Filed Sept. 11, 1961
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United States Patent 0
2
1
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary elevational view illustrating
the lapped, releasably connected ends of the band when
3,952,888
HAIR PROTECTING DEVICE FOR USE
WITH BATI-HNG CAPS
Irene S. Blanchard, 340 Blue Oak Lane, Los Altos, Calif.
Filed Sept. 11, 1961, Ser. No. 137,187
5 Claims. (Cl. 2—68)
3,052,888
Patented Sept. 11, 1962
used on a head having a medium or average hair line
over the forehead, the lapped ends of the band being
5
This invention relates to a hair protecting band of the
over the forehead.
FIG. 5 is a view similar to that of FIG. 4 in Which
the lapped ends illustrate the positions of the said ends
when the wearer has a relatively high hair line.
FIG. 6 semi-diagrammatically illustrates different po
type shown in copending application Serial No. 101,855
?led April 10, 1961, and has for one of its objects the 10 sitions of the band over the forehead for heads of dif
provision of a hair protecting device that is more eco
nomical to make than heretofore, and that is more effec
tive than prior devices for the same purpose.
ferent hair lines and contours from a very low hair line
to a very high hair line.
FIG. 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view, similar to
that of FIG. 2 but broken away in width, showing a
intended for accomplishing the results of the present in 15 modi?ed form of structure.
In detail, the band herein illustrated comprises three
vention have usually resorted to elastic materials for
strips, 1, 2 and 3, that are of uniform and substantially
effecting a tight ?t along the hair line, or else the bands
corresponding width and length, the strip 1 (FIGS. 1, 2)
that are intended to absorb moisture before it reaches the
Heretofore, attempts to produce hair protecting bands
r
hair have been specially cut in an e?ort to contour the
band to an average head in recognition of the fact that
different heads are of different contours. Also, bands
have usually been widened in the central portion and of
being of any suitable, moisture impervious, tough, rela
tively thin ?exible sheet material, such as one of the many
plastics, and the plastic used should also resist deteriora
tion from exposure to the sun and repeated wetting and
various Widths at the ends, and most bands have been
wider at the ear crossing portions to fully cover the ears
drying by either salt or fresh water.
However, insofar as I am aware, no band has heretofore
and also resists deterioration from sun and from repeated
Wetting and drying. Such conventional materials as are
used for cushioning purposes have been found to be
The sheet 2 (FIG. 2) is also preferably of plastic or
which, of course, also e?ectively impedes the hearing. 25 rubberdike sponge or foam material, which is resilient
been produced that is adapted to effectively prevent
leakage to the hair when used on different heads of sub
stantially di?erent sizes and contours.
It may be noted that caps having structure incorpo
rated therein have been ‘found to be least e?ective since
the cap must stretch to ?t over the head, or else a chin
suitable. ‘This strip may be from 1A; to 1%; inch in thick
ness. One-eighth inch thickness has been found to be
quite satisfactory.
The sheet 3 is of moisture-absorbent material such as
charnois skin or conventional fabrics of moisture-absor
strap is used, and the structure for performing the hair
bent material. Chamois skin has been found to 'be pref
covering function involves considerations that must be
avoided in structure for accomplishing the results of the 35 erable due to its soft, ?exible characteristics and particu
larly its capacity to absorb moisture.
present invention.
The results desired are (a) a protective band that is
economical to make; (b) a band that is easy to properly
apply; (c) a band that is comfortable to wear; (d) a
band that is effective in preventing moisture from reach
ing the hair even when portions of the band may be
saturated; (e) a band that will be adapted to automati
cally contour itself to the head of any wearer, irrespec
tive of differences in head size, contours, differences in
45
hair lines and in the quantity of hair.
It is an object of the invention to provide a band hav
ing structure that accomplishes the results above noted.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
hair protecting band that is adapted to absorb such mois
The three strips, as above described, are secured to
gether along their corresponding edges with strip 2. dis
posed between strips 1 and 3. Whether or not strip 2
is moisture-absorbent is immaterial, and conventional
foam-like sheet material that is more cellular than porous,
and therefore less moisture absorbent, is preferable since
it is not used for its moisture properties.
A substantially inextensible cord or member 4 extending
longitudinally of the strips 1, 2, and 3, and against the
marginal portion of strip 1, is secured to the said strips
‘by wrapping said marginal portion around said cord so
that the cord is enclosed within the corresponding mar
ginal portions of strips 1, 2, 3 with the moisture absorbent
ture as may seep past the edge of the cap and which 50 strip outermost and the moisture impervious strip next
v to the cord, while the compressible sponge or foam-like
band will neither tighten on the head nor will it loosen
material of strip 2 is between them (FIG. 2). Stitching
when moistened.
5 may secure the said marginal portions along the free
A still further object of the invention is the provision
longitudinal adjacent edges of the strips to the body of
of a hair protective band that is adapted to be fastened
in head encircling position around the head of the wearer 55 band that is formed by said strips in cord enclosing rela
tion, and the ends of said cord are ?rmly secured in
along the hair line with a uniform, comfortable snugness
any suitable manner to the ends of the strips. The stitches
essential to forming an effective sealing engagement with
securing the ends of said strips together may also secure
the skin, irrespective of differences in head size, or the
the ends of the cord to said strips.
contour of the head or hair line, etc., and which band
The economy effected by using straight strips of equal
will have the same degree of tightness whether dry or 60
width and length in forming the band, is believed to be
moist.
apparent, as distinguished from structure in which the
Other objects and advantages will appear in the descrip
strips were of different widths at points along their lengths,
tion and drawings.
or that were curved in the plane of the strips.
In the drawings, FIG. 1 is a reduced size plan view of
Adjacent to each of the opposite ends of the band
the hair protecting band as seen from the side that is 65
that is formed by the three strips, is a fastener, one being
adapted to face the hair when worn on the head.
indicated at 10 extending generally longitudinally of the
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view as seen from line Z——2
band, and the other being indicated at 11 and extending
of FIG. 1, but enlarged relative to the size of the band
slantingly across the band.
as seen in FIG. 1.
’
The fastener 10 is preferably stitched against the side
FIG. 3 is a pro?le view of the head of a wearer with 70
of the band that is formed by strip 3, while the fastener
the band on the head, and the dot-dash lines indicate
11 is preferably stitched against the moisture impervious
the outline of a bathing cap.
3,052,888
3
strip 1.
These fasteners are of the “nylon” tape type,
1%
tour the band for a still lower hair line, and the position
generally known under the trade name of “Velcro.” The
15’ will be established. For higher hair lines, or an ex
tremely high hair line, the end portions may be aligned,
exposed surface of the fastener 10 is formed of indis
criminately arranged ?laments of relatively coarse strong
one over the other, as seen in FIG. 5, or in position 15"
.
plastic material, whereas the exposed surface of the fas 5 of FIG. 6.
In each instance the bead 12 will snugly follow the
tener 1:1 is formed of short relatively stiff but resilient
?laments projecting substantially perpendicularly out
hair line across the temples and sides of the face and past
wardly from a flat woven base, the outer ends of which
and below, but closely adjacent to the lobes of the ears,
and behind the neck.
latter ?laments are hooked. Upon pressing the exposed
surface of the fastener 11 against the exposed surface IO
It is obvious that some moisture from the bead may be
transmitted to the portion of the strip 3 extending away
of fastener 10, the hooks of fastener 11 will pass into
the matted ?laments on fastener 10 and will hook onto
from the bead. However, the covering of the bead is
normally adequate for absorbing such moisture as may
said ?laments, so that the fasteners will be tightly held
leak past the edge of the bathing cap and the strip '1 will
together against a force tending to pull them apart in
the direction of the length of the band, although they 15 prevent this moisture from reaching the hair.
FIG. 7 shows a modi?ed form of structure in which the
may be separated readily by pulling the ends of the'band
strip 1 is replaced by a skin 16 of natural or synthetic
apart in a direction transversely of the planes of the ends
latex to the surface of the foam-like cushion strip, desig
of the bands.
nated 17 in FIG. 7. This skin is integrally united with the
Preferably each fastener 10, 11 is also stitched to the
strip 17 and effectively closes the surface cells. This skin,
cord or member 4. Thus tension on the fasteners will
or coating, may obviously be of natural or synthetic latex
be through the inextensible cord.
such as used in industry for reinforcing and toughening
In applying the band, one end of the latter is grasped
foam rubber and the like, and may be applied by spraying,
by the ?ngers of each hand and is suspended with the
dipping or painting. Preferably the entire strip 17 is
central portion behind the neck. The bead 12, which is
coated, thus isolating the cells within the strip from mois
the enlarged roll formed by the cord 4 and its covering,
ture, and at the same time the coating toughens the mate
is positioned just below the hair line behind the neck
rial to a sufficient degree to prevent tearing.
with the moisture impervious sheet facing generally up
The fasteners 10, 11 of FIG. 1 may be stitched or
wardly and toward the hair. The band is then drawn
cemented to the band, although in each instance it should
around the head in head encircling relation by swinging
the end portions over the forehead in lappingrelation 30 preferably be secured to the ends of the cord 18.
The moisture absorbent layer 19 may be stitched or
with fastener 10 facing outwardly and below the fastener
cemented to the foam-like strip, and it will enclose the
11. The bead 12 will be just outside the hair line in
cord 18 so as to provide a moisture absorbent bead 20 that
snug engagement with the skin, while the moisture im
will function in the same manner as head 12.
pervious strip 1 will face the hair and will be substan
The purpose of the strip 2 (or 17 ) is twofold. It pro
35
tially against the hair.
vides a resilient cushion for the water absorbent strip,
When in the position described, the band will not fully
particularly around the cord 4 (or 18), and it also yield
ably holds the portion of the moisture absorbent strip 3
(or 19) against undesirable wrinkling when the band is on
_ The bathing cap, generally indicated at 14- (FIG. 3), 40 the head. Previously, stays had been used to preclude
cover the ears when the bead 12 is just below the ear
lobes (FIG. 3); hence, hearing by reason of the band is
not substantially impeded.
is then drawn over the head so that the edge or marginal
portion along its full edge extends slightly beyond the
bead 12 and in engagement with the skin of the wearer.
Heretofore the importance of providing a structure
preventing the band from stretching, when the head 12
became wet through its absorbing moisture, had not been
fully appreciated. By providing a cord 4 encased in
moisture impervious material and securing the ends of
the'cord to such material, the band is prevented from
stretching, and thereby becoming su?iciently loose to per
mit seepage of water past the head 12.
wrinkling, but such stays are expensive and are relatively
stiff, and function only at the spaced points Where they are
positioned.
The resilient strip 2 (or 17) is continuous and precludes
undesirable wrinkling of the moisture-absorbent strip at
all points along the latter. This is a highly desirable fea
ture since prior attempts to hold the moisture-absorbent
strip against wrinkling at spaced points along the latter
have resulted in localized tensions that tend to impair the
sealing contact between the bead and the skin, particularly
adjacent to the ears of the wearer.
head and heads of different contours, while recognized,
In all forms of the invention the corners of the band‘ at
the ends of the edge that is opposite to the bead 12 are
curved, starting from head v12 as indicated at 21 and 22,
some instances it dangerously impedes circulation.
seen in :FIG. 4.
Also, the need for providing structure in which the
band may be snugly held at a uniform tension on any
has heretofore been considered impossible. The use of 55 thus precluding sharp corners that might project into the
cap.
elastic in an attempt to solve the problem has been dis
The arrangement of the tape fasteners is such as to
carded for the reason that the considerable yieldable ten
provide greatest areas in engagement in most instances, as
sion against the head is not only uncomfortable, but in
The strip 2 of foam-like cushion is preferably relatively
Furthermore, no solution has heretofore been found 60
non-absorbent to moisture, since the interior cells are
for automatically contouring a simple band to any hair
closed, but it may be of the type that is quite porous if
line and contour.
'
used as shown in FIG. 7 without the ‘chamois. In the
The provision of means for securing the ends of the
other types, where relatively non-absorbent, the chamois
band together at an indeterminate number of points at
the lapping ends, and at any degree of angularity between 65 will dry quickly after being wetted.
It is to be understood that the preferred form of the
the lapped ends, has solved both problems.
invention herein disclosed is susceptible to certain changes
As seen in FIGS. 4, 5, and 6, the lapping of the ends
fully comprehended by the spirit of the invention as herein
of the band at di?erent angles results in different angles
described and the scope of the appended claims.
of the band (transversely thereof) relative to horizontal,
I claim:
.hence, where the wearer has a medium height hair line 70
1. A hair protecting device separate from and adapted
across the upper portion of the forehead, the ends may
be crossed generally as seen in FIG. 4, and the full line
to be enclosed within a swimming cap on the head of a
position of FIG. 6 of the portion 15 of the band extending
swimmer, comprising:
.
'
.
away from the bead, will correctly extend over the hair,
(a) a pair of‘ inner and outer elongated strips of ?exible
while the crossing, of the ends at a greater angle will con 75
material of similar length and similar width secured
3,052,888
6
5
portions of said band above the forehead in lapping
relation ‘and with the marginal portion of said band
to each other in opposed relation providing an elon
gated band;
along said hair line;
(0) the outer strip of said pair being of relatively soft,
moisture absorbent material;
(d) the inner strip of ‘said pair being of thin, moisture
(12) said band being of st: ?icient length to encircle the
head of said swimmer in a head encircling position so
as to be disposed over the hair of said swimmer along
the hair line of the head with the opposite end por
tions of said band above the forehead in lapping
impervious material,
(e) a relatively soft, ?exible, elongated member of ma
terial that is substantially inextensible under a pulling
relation and with the marginal portion of said band
along said hair line;
(0) the outer strip of said pair being of relatively soft,
10
moisture absorbent material;
(d) the inner strip being of thin, moisture impervious
material;
(e) a relatively soft, ?exible, elongated member of
strain applied longitudinally thereof extending sub
stantially from end to end of said band along a longi
tudinally extending edge thereof;
(i) said longitudinally extending edge being folded
around said member so as to enclose the latter with
ing substantially from end to end of said band along
said moisture impervious strip next to said member
and with said moisture absorbent strip outermost
thereby forming a bead along said longitudinally
a longitudinally extending edge thereof;
extending edge, the folded portion of said moisture
material that is substantially inextensible under a 15
pulling strain applied longitudinally thereof extend
(f) said longitudinally extending edge being folded
around said member so as to enclose the latter with
said moisture impervious strip next to said member
and with said moisture absorbent strip outermost
thereby forming a bead along said longitudinally ex
tending edge, the folded portion of said moisture ab
sorbent strip adapted to engage the skin of the head 25
of said swimmer along said hair line adjacent to the
latter;
g) separate ?exible interengaging means respectively
secured on the opposedly facing sides of said end por
tions adapted to releasably connect and hold said end 30
portions together at substantially an indeterminate
number of positions of said end portions relative to
each other longitudinally and transversely of said
band and at any angular position of said end portions
relative to each other when said end portions are in 35
said lapping engaging relation whereby said band
will be adapted to be contoured to follow different
hair lines and different head contours of heads of
different sizes when in said head encircling position.
2. In a hair protecting device as de?ned in claim 1, 40
(h) a strip of resilient, relatively soft, compressible,
sponge-like material ‘around said member disposed
between the marginal portion of said moisture im
pervious material and the said marginal portion of
said moisture absorbent material providing a cushion 45
around said member 1and which member will be pro
tected against moisture that may be transmitted to
said sponge-like material from said moisture ab
sorbent material.
3. In a construction as de?ned in claim 2, said sponge
like material extending from said member to the edge
of said band that is opposite to said member.
4. A hair protecting device separate from and adapted
to be enclosed within a swimming cap on the head of
a swimmer, comprising:
(a) a pair of inner and outer elongated strips of ?exi
ble material of similar length and similar width se
cured to each other in opposed relation providing an
elongated band;
(12) said band being of suf?cient length to encircle the
head of said swimmer in a head encircling position
so as to be disposed over the hair of said swimmer
along the hair line of the head ‘with the opposite end
absorbent strip adapted to engage the skin of the
head of ‘said swimmer along said hair line adjacent
to the latter,
(g) interengageable means secured to said end por
tions at the opposedly facing sides thereof adapted to
releasably engage each other for securing said band
in said head encircling relation,
(h) the longitudinally extending edges of said band
being continuous and unbroken from end to end of
said band, and
(i) said strips extending between said member and the
longitudinally extending edge of said band opposite
to said member being continuous and substantially
flat from end to end of said bend, and
(j) said marginal portions including said member being
unbroken and continuous from one of said end por
tions to the other.
5. In a construction as de?ned in claim 1,
(It) said band being substantially uniform in Width
and straight from end to end thereof, and
(i) a strip of resilient, soft, compressible, sponge-like
material disposed between the marginal portion of
said moisture impervious material ‘and the marginal
portion of said moisture absorbent material for the
length of said hand between said end portions,
(j) said interengaging means being ‘a pair of tapes one
of which has a plurality of ?exible hooks projecting
from one side thereof and the other being a mat
of ?bers adapted to be releasably engaged by said
hooks in any angular position of said end portions
relative to each other whereby the portion of said
band between said member and the longitudinally
extending edge of the band is adapted to be con
toured to follow different contours of the hair along
said hair line in a direction transversely of said band.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,028,826
1,861,669
1,969,352
2,282,220
2,717,437
Miller _______________ __ June 4,
Van Sickle ___________ __ June 7,
Cavanagh ____________ __ Aug. 7,
Gage ________________ __ May 5,
De Mestral __________ __ Sept. 13,
1912
1932
1934
1942
1955
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