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Sept. 25, 1962 3,055,017 E. H. THIERFELDER FURNITURE STRUCTURE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 27, 1960 Wm , 10W BY.‘ Sept- 25, 1962 E. H. THIERFELDER 3,055,017 FURNITURE STRUCTURE Filed April 27, 1960 / 6 J50 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent Ollice 3,055,917 Patented Sept. 25, 1962 2 i FIG. 7 is an end elevational view of the structure of 3,055,017 the present invention with the bed portion of the struc ture shifted to a fully retracted position; and FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view showing a portion of the structure in greater detail. Referring now more speci?cally to the drawings where in like parts are designated by the same numerals through out the various ?gures, a furniture structure ill incorpo rating features of the present invention comprises a bed STRUQTURE Err/in H. Thierfeider, Wheaten, lit, assignor to The Eng lander Company, inn, Chicago, flit, a corporation of Deiaware Filed Apr. 27, 196i), Ser. No. 24,974 3 Claims. (Ci. 5-2) The present invention relates to a novel furniture struc~ ture, and more particularly to 1a novel convertible bed 10 portion 12 and a table or cabinet portion 14. Means 16 structure. may be used as a double bed for night time sleeping or as a daybed or lounge. In addition, it is frequently de sirable to provide storage means in association with the shown best in FIGS. 4 and 5 ‘connects these two portions so that the bed portion may be easily shifted in a posi tively controlled manner between the fully retracted position shown in FIGS. 1 and 7, the partially extended position shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 and the fully extended position shown in FIG. 6. The bed portion of the structure comprises a generally bed for accommodating pillows and bedding and also rectangular frame 18 having opposite side longitudinally to provide a table or the like adjacent the bed. While structures have heretofore been proposed which may extending frame members 20 and 22 shown in FIGS. 4-6 and 8. These opposite side frame members are pref~ erably in the form of angle irons and are ‘secured to a plurality of transversely extending frame members or angle irons 24, 26, 28 and 30 by any suitable means As will be appreciated, there are many instances in hotels, motels, dormitories and even in private homes when it is desirable to provide a furniture structure which be used as a double bed or as a daybed or lounge, such structures are usually provided by a plurality of sections which may be folded or otherwise manipulated and are frequently or" relatively complicated and expensive con such as welds or bolts or rivets. A headboard 32 is con struction which may not be suitable for obtaining maxi 25 nected to the transverse frame member 30‘ adjacent one mum comfort. Furthermore such previously proposed end of the bed frame structure. convertible bed structures frequently require the pro The bed portion also includes a box spring unit 34 dis vision of separate storage space for bedding and a sepa posed on the rectangular frame structure 18 and a mat rate table or the like so that the entire ensemble will be tress 36 on the box spring. The box spring and the composed of a plurality of separate pieces which require 30 mattress may be of any suitable known construction, but a relatively great amount of ?oor space. it is important to note that they are at least of double An important object of the present invention is to bed width and length. provide a novel structure which may be selectively adapt As indicated above, the bed portion of the structure able for use as a double bed or as a daybed or lounge is adapted to be shifted to and from retracted and ex tended positions. In order to enable such movement to and which provides storage space for bedding and the like and also table or shelf means. be accomplished easily, the bed frame structure 18 is supported adjacent its four corners by rollers 38, 40, 42 A further object of the present invention is to provide a novel structure of the above described type which is and 44, as shown in FIGS. 2 ‘and 4-8. As shown best constructed so that conventional box springs and mat in FIG. 8, the roller 38 is mounted by bracket elements 4:0 tresses of double bed size may be used therein. 46 and 43 secured to and depending from the transverse Still another object of the present invention is to pro frame members 24 and 26. The remaining rollers are vide a novel structure of the above described type which similarly carried by bracket elements identical to the is of compact, simple and economical construction. bracket elements 46 ‘and 48 and secured to and depend— A more speci?c object of the present invention is to ing from the transverse frame members. It will be noted provide a novel structure of the above ‘described type 45 that all of the rollers are arranged so that their axes are having table and cabinet means and double bed means parallel to each other and to the side frame member 20 which are interconnected in a manner which enables the of the bed frame structure. double bed means to be shifted in an easy and positively The table or cabinet structure 14 comprises a table top controlled manner between a retracted position partially or panel 50 which is supported at a height slightly above beneath the table and cabinet means for providing a day 50 the upper surface of the mattress 36 so that the bed por bed or lounge and an extended position for providing a tion of the structure may be rolled beneath the panel 50. double bed. ‘One end portion of the panel 50 is connected to and sup Other objects and advantages of the present invention ported by leg members 52 and 54 located at adjacent will become apparent from the following description and corners of the panel. An opposite end portion of the the accompanying drawings wherein: FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a furniture struc~ 55 panel is supported by leg members 56 and 58 which, how ever, are spaced longitudinally from the panel to provide ture incorporating features of the present invention and a clearance space 60 and are connected indirectly to the in a condition for use as a daybed or lounge; panel through a box or storage compartment portion of FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the structure the structure. Of course, the leg members 56 and 58 are 60 spaced su?iciently from the leg members 52 and 54 to shown in FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the structure of enable the bed portion of the structure to be rolled there the present invention with the bed portion thereof manipu between, and it will be noted that the clearance at is lated and positioned for night time use; of sufficient width to accommodate the headboard 32 of FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view partially the bed. broken away for showing portions of the structure in The box or storage compartment portion of the table or cabinet structure comprises a pair of end members greater detail; FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken ‘62 and n4 secured to and extending upwardly from the panel St}. Preferably the end member 62 is disposed in generally along line 5—5 in FIG. 2; FIG. 6 is an end elevational view of a structure in corporating features of the present invention with the bed portion of the structure shifted to a fully extended position; termediate the ends of the panel so as to leave a portion of the panel 50 exposed for providing a table top at about the height of the bed. The end member 64 is preferably secured to the panel substantially at the end thereof ad 3,055,017 3 4 jacent the leg members 56 and 58 for combining with the leg members to de?ne the clearance space ‘60. Another table top panel 66 is secured to the upper margins of the Width of the bed portion. Thus, when the bed portion is end members 62 and ‘64. in the retracted position shown in FIGS. 1 and 7, about As shown in the drawings a of the top panels of the table or cabinet structure and the bolster is preferably similar to about one-half of the marginal portion ‘68 of the top panel 66 extends beyond 5 one-half of the area thereof will remain exposed for pro the end members 64 and is secured to the upper ends of the leg members '56 and 58. A bolster 74} which may be padded in any desired man ner is pivotally connected to a margin of the top panel ‘~66 by a plurality of hinges ‘72, 74 and 76 as shown best viding ‘a comfortable daybed or lounge for which the bolster will provide a backrest. It will be appreciated that when a person sits on the bed and leans against the bolster or backrest, there may be a tendency for the bed in FIG. 3. The bolster normally is in the lower or closed position shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 6 and 7, so that it may be to roll outwardly. This tendency is controlled :by means of latching or retaining members 116 and 118 secured to the frame member 82 and in alignment with the rollers used as a backrest. However, the bolster is adapted to be pivoted to the raised or open position shown in FIG. 3 38 and 40; Each of these members includes a horizontal table or cabinet structure ‘14 may selectively be used as to cause the rollers to ride up over the bumps. portion resting on the floor and respectively having an so as to expose a storage compartment 78 de?ned by the 15 upwardly extending projection or bump 120 and 122. panels 50 and 66 and the end members 62 and 64 and The bumps 120 and 122 are spaced laterally from the adapted to contain pillows, bedding and the like. If de frame member 32 sufficiently so that when the bed por sired, the depth of the storage compartment may be lim tion of the structure is in the fully retracted position, the ited by the provision of a back wall panel 8t), as shown bumps will engage behind the rollers 38 and 40, as indi in FIGS. 3 and 6. Preferably the panel 86 is substan 20 cated in ‘FIGS. 5 and 7 for retaining the bed portion in the tially centrally located so that the opposite sides of the retracted position until an operator exerts a pull su?icient the front side merely by changing the location of the When the bed portion of the structure is to be used as bolster from one side to the other. a double bed, it is preferably pulled to the position shown The connecting means 16 comprises a frame member 25 in FIG. 3 so that its inner side is adjacent to the outer or angle iron 82 extending between and connected to the side of the table or cabinet structure. However, the link rearmost legs 52 and 56 of the table or cabinet structure age mechanism is such that the bed may be pulled to the and a similar angle iron or frame member 84- extending fully extended position shown in FIG. 6 at which there along and secured to the side of the bed frame 18. The is a considerable space between the inner side of the bed frame member 32 has a horizontal ?ange portion 86 30 and the outer side of the table or cabinet structure so as which is provided with a plurality of spaced apertures 88 to permit access to the inner side of the bed to facilitate adjacent one end thereof and an elongated longitudi “making” the bed. nally extending slot 90 adjacent an opposite end thereof While the preferred embodiment of the present inven as shown in FIG. 4. The frame member or angle iron 84 similarly is provided with a horizontal ?ange por tion 92 having a plurality of apertures ‘94 adjacent one end tion has been shown and described herein, it is obvious thereof and an elongated slot 96 adjacent the opposite end thereof. Link members ‘I18 and 106 are disposed in cross or scis sors-like relationship and extend between the frame mem bers 82 and 84. These link members have their mid-por tions pivotally connected to each other by a pivot pin 102. One end of the link member 98 is connected with the horizontal ?ange 92 of the frame member 84- by a pin or bolt 104, shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 8, and a corre sponding end of the link member 1% is connected with the frame member 82 by means of a similar pin, bolt, rivet or other suitable fastening device 106. The fastening de vices 104 and 1% are respectively selectively inserted through the apertures 94 and 88. By changing the aper tures through which the fastening devices are inserted, the effective length of the linkage system provided by the link members 98 and 1% may be adjusted for controlling that many structural details may be changed without de parting from the spirit and scope of the appended claims. The invention is claimed as follows: 1. A convertible bed comprising: a furniture structure including a ?rst horizontal panel and a second horizontal panel corresponding in width to said ?rst panel, said sec ond panel being of diminished length relative to said ?rst panel and being spaced vertically thereabove, the total extent of said panels in the direction of their length ex ceeding the length of a bed unit whereby to accommodate a lateral portion of a said bed unit therebeneath in order thereby to occupy substantially no more floor space than is required for the bed unit alone; a backrest member mounted on said furniture structure adjacent the vertical space between said panels, the width of said furniture structure cooperating with the thickness of said backrest member to locate the forward surface of said backrest member close to a forward lateral edge of a bed unit re tracted beneath said furniture structure whereby to de?ne the distance which the bed structure may be pulled out a comfortable seating surface on said bed unit between wardly from the table or cabinet structure. Ends of the 55 said backrest member and said forward lateral edge; a bed link members 98 and 100 oppositely disposed from the unit of double bed size supported for movement to and pivot or fastening devices 104 and 106 are respectively from a retracted position in which a portion thereof under pivotally connected to the frame members 82 and 84:‘ by lies said furniture structure and an extended position away similar pivot or fastening devices 1% and lit} extending from said furniture structure, said bed unit including a through the slots 90 and 96. double bed sized mattress having an uninterrupted sur With the linkage or connecting system described above, face; and extensible and contractile means mechanically it will be appreciated that the bed portion of the struc connecting said bed unit and said furniture structure, in ture will be positively and accurately guided as it is moved cluding links selectively pivoted and selectively slidably to and from the retracted and extended positions. In ad mounted to said furniture structure and to said bed unit dition, such movement may be easily accomplished since 65 whereby positively to guide said bed unit for straight-line, it is merely necessary for an operator either to pull or lateral movement in a path perpendicular to the longitudi push the bed portion of the structure in the direction it nal axis of said furniture structure. is desired for it to move, and no lifting or similar ma 2. A convertible bed according to claim 1 and further nipulations of the bed structure are required. In order comprising roller means secured to said bed unit in de to aid in pulling the bed structure out, a strap or the like 70 pending relationship for supporting said bed unit on an 112 is preferably provided which strap is secured to the underlying surface, said convertible bed additionally com frame member 84 as shown at 114 in FIG. 5 and is adapted prising a plurality of retaining members connected to said to extend up and partially over the mattress of the bed ‘furniture structure and engageable with said roller means portion as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3. when said bed unit is in the retracted position whereby As indicated in FIGS. 1, 3, 6 and 7, the combined width 75 releasably to retain said bed unit in said retracted position, 3,055,017 6 5 each of said retaining members including an upwardly ex tending projection arranged to block forward movement of a said roller means in said retracted position. 3. A convertible bed according to claim 1 wherein said ?rst panel is vertically closely adjacently spaced apart irom the upper surface of said mattress in said retracted posi tion. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 10 Frey ________________ __ Sept. 4, 1956 D. 178,65 6 D. 185,676 Maguire _____________ __ June 14, 1959 2,189,328 2,192,230 2,200,052 Rosen ________________ __ Feb. 6, 1940 Kerr et \al _____________ ._ Mar. 5, 1940 2,287,596 2,495,494 2,628,367 2,630,581 2,691,174 2,720,659 2,781,524 2,899,691 2,904,796 2,907,053 Bell _________________ __ June 23, 1942 Ziegenfuss ___________ __ Jan. 24, 1950 Green _______________ __ Feb. Ziegenfuss ___________ __ Mar. Harrison _____________ __ Oct. Brown _______________ __ Oct. Andes _______________ __ Feb. 17, 10, 12, 18, ‘19, 1953 1953 1954 1955 1957 Davis et a1. __________ __ Aug. 18, 1959 Frey ________________ __ Sept. 22, 1959 Fox __________________ __ Oct. 6, 1959 OTHER REFERENCES Kroehler Furniture Flyer illustrating section sofa No. 105, item-table between sofa sections, received in Patent Bowersox _____________ __ May 7, 1940 15 Of?ce Feb. 17, 1948.