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Патент USA US3055152

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Sept. 25, 1962
F. PALM ?
3,055,142
CUT-OUT ACTION TOY
Filed Dec. 21, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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F. PALM
3,055,142
CUT-OUT ACTION TOY
Filed D50. 21, 1959
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SePt- 25, 1962
F. PALM
3,055,142
CUT-OUT ACTION TOY
Filed Dec. 21, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
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Sept. 25, 1962
F. PALM
3,055,142
CUT-OUT ACTION TOY
Filed Dec. 21, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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Patented Sept. 25, 1962
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If such extensions are on the lower jaw portions with their
outer ends above the horizontal fold line, their outer
ends will move downwardly and away from each other as
CUT-(PUT AQTION TOY
Felix Palm, 2241 W. Greenleaf Ave, Chicago, Ell.
Filed Dec. 21, 1959, Ser. No. 861,699
12 Claims. (Cl. 46?123)
This invention relates in general to toys and more par
ticularly to cut-out toys which may be formed from a
?at blank and folded into a three-dimensional con?gura
the jaw portions converge. Such extensions may be
shaped and placed to depict ears, hair, horns, or portions
of clothing, or the like.
A further object of the invention is to provide for eyes
which move in such a three-dimensional toy made from
a ?at blank by forming two such upper pull tabs with in
tion to provide separate portions movable relative to each 10 wardly directed eye extensions, when the blank is in
planar position, that may ?extend outwardly through
other to simulate desired physical actions.
slots suitably disposed in the upper jaw portions rear
A principal object of the invention is to facilitate
wardly of the diamond, when the toy is folded into oper
manipulation of a toy which is formed and folded from a
ating position, to move in and out in response to move?
caricature of a head, so as to e?ect relative movement of 15 ments of the pull tabs.
single sheet of material to represent an animal, human or
jaw portions to simulate natural movements of the mouth.
This object is attained by providing a scored diamond, or
score or fold lines outlining a diamond shape, on a planar
sheet, and additional fold lines extending laterally out
Numerous other objects and advantages of the invention
will be apparent as it is better understood from the fol
lowing description, which, when taken in connection with
the accompanying drawings, discloses a preferred embodi
?
wardly from each side vertex thereof and a vertical fold 20 ment thereof.
In the drawings:
line across the diamond between its other vertices, and
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a cut-out blank for an
severing or cutting through the material across the dia
action toy embodying the features of my invention;
mond between the side vertices. Then by folding the
FIG. 2 is a similar plan view of a modi?ed form of
sheet on the vertical fold line by swinging its sides rear
wardly, upper and lower jaw portions will be de?ned, 25 blank;
MG. 3 is a front elevational View of a three-dimensional
separated by the lateral or horizontal fold lines and the
toy folded from the blank of FIG. 1;
cut across the diamond to present a three-dimensional
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 3 showing the mov
?gure. Relative vertical movements of the jaw portions
able parts of the toy in different positions;
may be effected by virtue of this transverse out which
FIG. 5 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially
permits clearance between the upper and lower portions 30
on the line 5?5 of FIG. 4;
of the jaws within the diamond.
Another object of the invention is to enable the de
signer to select a mouth movement characteristic of the
animal or person being depicted. This is accomplished
by positioning the central point of the transverse cut,
which may be angular or curved, either above or below
FIG?. 6 is a front elevation similar to FIG. 3 showing
a three-dimensional toy formed from the blank of FIG. 2;
FIG. 7 is a view similar to FIG. 4 of the modi?cation
of FIG. 6 with the movable parts in different positions
resulting from relative vertical separating movements of
the center of the diamond. If the central point of the
the jaw portions;
transverse cut is above the center of the diamond, that
portion of the lower jaw within the diamond will be dis
PEG. 8 is a longitudinal section taken substantially on
the line 8?8 of FIG. 6;
FIGS. 9 and 10 are side elevational views as seen, re
posed rearwardly of that portion within the diamond of 40
spectively, from the right sides of FIGS. 3 and 4; and
the upper jaw. Conversely, placement of the central point
FIGS. 11 and 12 are similar side elevations as seen
of the transverse out below the center of the diamond
will result in the part of the upper jaw Within the diamond
from the right sides of FIGS. 6 and 7, respectively.
being disposed rearwardly of the inward part of the lower
jaw when the sheet is folded into operating position.
Another important object of the invention is to facili
Referring more particularly to FIG. 1, reference nu
meral 13 indicates in general a ?at blank or single sheet,
preferably of relatively thin bendable material, com
tate manual operation of such a toy to simulate natural
prised principally of upper and lower jaw portions respec
tively designated generally by reference numerals 14 and
jaw movements. This object is attained by providing
pull tabs extending upwardly and downwardly, respec
tively, from the upper and lower jaw portions when in
the blank or original planar form, with a horizontal fold
or score line at the base of the upper jaw portion to per
mit the same to be folded rearwardly through approxi
15. These jaw portions 14 and 15 are separatingly de
?ned by a scored diamond or diamond-shaped outline
l6, scored or fold lines 17 extending outwardly from the
lateral vertices thereof, and a transverse slit or line of
severance 18 extending between said lateral vertices. The
jaw portions preferably are divided centrally by a vertical
mately 180 degrees. Thus, when the toy is folded into
operating position, the operator readily may grasp the 55 fold line 19 which may be scored in the material in well
originally upper and lower pull tabs and move the same
known manner and extends vertically across the diamond
vertically relative to each other to effect the desired jaw
16. It will be appreciated that my invention contemplates
the provision of such a blank which is either cut out in
outline and severed on the transverse line 18, or merely
A further object is to enable the designer to attain a
wide variety of effects by use of extensions of suitable 60 has the line of severance 18 and the outline of the blank
printed or otherwise inscribed for subsequent cutting.
shapes which will have relative movements in different
With the latter arrangement, the same may readily be
directions in response to the previously described rela
printed on food cartons, or the like, for cutting and fold
tive vertical movements of the pull tabs. This may be
movements.
ing into action toys. In either event, it also will be under
outwardly of either or both of the upper and lower jaw 65 stood that the several fold lines, including those de?ning,
the diamond 16, the interrupted horizontal line '17 and
portions when the sheet of material is ?at and connected
the vertical line 19, or any of them, may be printed or
to the outer ends of the jaw portions by score or fold
otherwise inscribed on the blank, or may be scored therein
lines. If forming a part of the upper jaw portions with
to facilitate folding of the blank into its three-dimensional
their upper ends above the horizontal fold line, those
'
upper ends of such extensions will move toward each 70 form.
The above-described elements comprise the principal
other as the jaw portions converge in response to manipu
features of my invention and alone are sufficient to enable
lation of thepull tabs with the toy in operating position.
accomplished by providing lateral extensions disposed
3,055,142
3
folding of the blank 13 into its three-dimensional form,
but it is preferred that upper and lower pull tabs 21 and
22 be appended, respectively, to the upper and lower edges
of the upper and lower jaw portions 14 and 15 and sepa?
rated therefrom by suitable scored or inscribed fold lines.
As shown in FIG. 1, there are two upper tabs 21 and two
cut and severed by the ultimate user. The blank then
may be folded on the interrupted horizontal line 17 and
the upper pull tab 21 also folded rearwardly from the
plane of the blanks shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, so that those
upper pull tabs extend downward vertically and the upper
and lower edges of the upper and lower jaw portions 14
and 15 have been brought closer to each other rearwardly
of the planes of those ?gures. The outer portions of the
lower tabs 22 disposed, respectively, at the lateral ends of
the jaw portions 14 and 15. Their use in manipualting
the three-dimensional form of the toy will be described in
two jaw members then are folded rearwardly toward each
detail later.
10 other on the central vertical fold line 19, which will bring
The modi?ed blank illustrated in FIG. 2 and designated
the two lower pull tabs 22 into laterally superposed and
generally by reference numeral 23 dilfers little from the
contacting relationship, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, for
blank 13 of FIG. 1. Like the latter, it comprises upper
example. Since the upper pull tabs 21 previously had
and lower jaw members 14 and 15 de?ned by a diamond
been folded downwardly int-o vertical position, such rear
16 and interrupted transverse or horizontal fold lines 17,
ward folding of the outer portions of the jaws 14 and 15
with a vertical fold line 19? and upper and lower pull tabs
similarly will result in those tabs 21 being brought into
21 and 22. It also is provided with an inscribed trans
laterally superposed contact as illustrated in FIGS. 9-12.
verse line of severance or slit 24 extending across the
While this folding is being effected, the eye extensions 25
diamond 16 between the horizontal fold lines 17 and gen
may have their free ends inserted outwardly through the
erally like the slit 18 of blank 13. As illustrated in FIGS. 20 associated slits 27, the extensions ?25 being folded forward?
1 and 2, these transverse lines 18 and 24 each comprise
ly and outwardly from the planes of their respective pull
two halves or segments angularly disposed relative to each
tabs 21.
other. Unlike the line 18 which has its: central portion or
At the same time, the lateral extensions 28, 31 and/or
intersection of its segments disposed above the center of
33 may be folded forwardly on their respective fold
the diamond 16, however, the central portion of the slit 24 25 lines relative to the jaw portions from which they extend
is disposed below the center of the diamond-shaped out
so as to assume their positions of FIGS. 3 and 9 or 6 and
line 16.
11.
'
These di?erent dispositions of the transverse slits 18
If the operator now grips the two sets of pull tabs 21
and 24 will result in the forward ends of the jaw portions
and 22 and asserts a vertically separating force thereon,
. 14 and 15 being disposed differently relative to each other 30 the upper and lower jaw portions 14 and 15 will be
when the blanks are folded into their three-dimensional
form, as will be described in detail hereinafter. It should
moved from their positions of FIGS. 3 and 6 to those
of FIGS. 4 and 7. As seen from the side of the toy,
be explained here, however, that such transverse slits may
such relative vertical separation of the pull tabs 21
be curved instead of being made of angularly disposed
?and 22 moves the jaw members from their positions
segments, and that when of the latter form, they may com 35 of FIGS. 9 and 11 to those respectively illustrated in
prise more than two segments, curved or straight line, but
FIGS. 10 and 12.
some portion intermediate their lateral ends should be dis
?Because the transverse slit or line of severance 18
posed either above or below the center of the diamond.
of the modi?cation of FIG. 1 has its central portion dis
Although the above-described portions of the blanks
posed above the center of ?the diamond 16, the forward
13 and 23 embody the basic features of my invention, 'it is 40 part of the upper jaw portion 14 will be ?disposed for
preferred that additional features be added thereto for
wardly of the forward part of the lower jaw portion 15,
effecting more realistic simulation of the ?gure, or the
as best illustrated in FIG. 5. The relationship between
like, represented. For example, each of the blanks 13
and 23 may be provided with eye extensions 25 formed
as a part of the upper pull tabs 21 and separated there
from by inscribed or scored fold lines 26. These eye
extensions 25 are adapted to be inserted through vertically
disposed slits 27 respectively disposed at opposite sides
of the diamond 16 in the upper jaw portion 14.
The blank 13 of FIG. 1 further preferably is provided 50
with extensions 28 at the lateral ends of the upper jaw
portion 14 which are separated from that jaw portion
the forward parts of the upper and lower jaw portions
14' and 15 of the modi?cation shown basically in FIG.
2, wherein the slit or transverse line of severance 24
has a central port-ion disposed below the center of the
diamond 16, is best illustrated in FIG. 8. In that ?gure,
it can be seen that the lower jaw portion in elfeot is
disposed forwardly or outwardly of the upper jaw por
tion. Consequently, different effects thus may be at
tained by so differently arranging such transverse slits
as 18 or 24 with respect to the center of the diamond 16
by suitable folded lines 29. These extensions 28 may be
to best simulate the particular month movements which
given any desired con?guration, and are shown as repre?
it is desired that manipulation of the toy will produce.
senting horns in the modi?cation of FIG. 1. Similar 55 Such relative vertical movement of the jaw portions
lateral extensions ?31 may be provided at the ends of the
14 and 15 also quite obviously will result in ?their lateral
lower jaw portion 15 and separated therefrom by suitable
parts moving toward and away from each other, as be
fold lines 32. Only one such pair of lateral extensions is
tween the posi-tions illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4. Since
provided in the modi?ed form illustrated in FIG. 2.
the opera-tor is maintaining the pull tabs 21 in contact
These are designated by reference numeral 33, and shaped
with each other, this will result in relative movement
between the upper jaw portion 14 and the eye extensions
and inscribed to represent rabbit ears, and are separated
from the upper jaw portion 14 of the blank 23 by suit
25 to obtain the results apparent from these ?gures.
able fold lines *34. Numerous other modi?cations of
And it should be noted that the tabs 35 in this modi?ca
such blanks may be made as desired to eifect simulation
t-ion have been struck forwardly about their fold lines,
of different features of the animal, or article represented.
so that they also move relative to each other during
such manipulation of the toy.
As one example, reference is had to the tabs 35 that are
cut from the lower jaw portion 15 of the blank 13 and
Comparing the positions of the upper lateral extensions
attached thereto or maintained as a part thereof by fold
28 illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4, it will be noted that
lines 36.
As previously noted, it is contemplated that such em
bodiments of my invention may be formed either as shown
in FIGS. 1 and 2 generally, or the various outlines and
lines of severance thereon illustrated may be printed or
otherwise inscribed upon a larger blank, such as the panel
of a food container. In the latter form, the blank may be 75
relative operation of the pull tabs 21 and 22 vertically
from the position of FIG. 3 to that of FIG. 4 will cause
the upper ends of the horns represented by those exten
sions 28 to be separated laterally. Conversely, the upper
ends of the extensions v31 at the same time are moved
laterally toward each other. Consequently, a highly ani
mated effect may be attained by the mere relative vertical
3,055,142
5
movements of the pull tabs -21 and 22. This is extremely
e?ective, as will be readily appreciated from a compari
6
folded toward each other on said vertically disposed fold
son between the illustrations of FIGS. 6 and 7. By bend
ing the ear extensions 33 backward and forward on their
fold lines 34 during the forming of the three-dimen
sional ?gure, the relative vertical movements of the pull
tabs to move the parts between their positions of FIGS.
line.
6. An action toy formable from a single sheet of
bendable material, comprising a single sheet of bendable
material, upper and lower jaw portions formable there
from and joining each other along a horizontal told line,
said jaw portions being divided centrally by a vertical
fold line, and angularly disposed fold lines extending
6 and 7 also will accomplish a ?opping movement of the
outwardly from the ends of said vertical line and to
ear extensions 33 very closely simulating the natural
movements of a rabbit?s ears. As will be appreciated, the 10 gether de?ning a diamond, said sheet being cut on a
transverse line extending laterally between the ends of
speci?c representations which may be imprinted on the
said diamond.
blank 13 or 23 are unlimited, and one advantage of the
7. A toy according to claim 6, wherein said transverse
invention is that printing need be effected only upon one
line is curved.
surface of the blank.
8. A toy according to claim 6, wherein said transverse
It is thought that the invention and many of its at
line comprises segments an-gularly disposed relative to
tendant advantages will be understood from the fore
each other.
going description, and it will be apparent that various
9. A toy according to claim 6, wherein the central por
changes may be made in the form, construction and ar
tion of said transverse line is disposed above the center
rangement of the parts without departing from the spirit
and scope of the invention or sacri?cing all of its mate 20 of said diamond.
10. -A toy according to claim 6, wherein the center of
rial advantages, the forms and methods hereinbefore de
said transverse line is disposed below the center of said
scribed being merely preferred embodiments thereof.
diamond.
I claim:
11. A three-dimensional action toy formed from a
1. A three-dimensional action toy cut from a single
sheet of relatively thin material, comprising a single 25 single sheet of thin ?exible material comprising upper
and lower jaw portions joined along a discontinuous hori
sheet of relatively thin material, opposed upper and
zontal fold line and each divided centrally by a vertical
lower jaw portions formed from said material and de~
fold line, the ends of said jaw portions being movable into
?ned by a diamond-shaped outline, and fold lines ex
adjacent relationship about said vertical fold line, and
tending outwardly ?from the lateral vertices thereof and
vertically across said diamond between its other vertices, 30 a transverse slit joining the resulting forward ends of said
discontinuous horizontal line to enable movement of
said material being severed across said diamond between
said jaw portions toward and away from each other to
said lateral vertices.
simulate natural movements of a mouth.
2. In a toy according to claim 1, pull tabs extending
12. In a toy according to claim 11, vertically extend
upwardly and downwardly, respectively, from said upper
ing pull tabs attached, respectively, to said upper and
and lower jaw portions.
35 lower jaw portions to facilitate manipulation thereof.
3. In a toy according to claim 2, extensions disposed
at the lateral ends of at least one of said jaw portions
and separated there?rom by fold lines. '
4. A toy according to claim 2, wherein said pull tabs
include two upper tabs extending upwardly ?from the 40
lateral ends of said upper jaw portion, with their lower
ends de?ned by fold lines, and each including a lateral
extension.
5. A toy according to claim 4, wherein said lateral ex
tensions are disposed on the inner sides of said pull tabs 45
and said upper jaw portion is provided with a slot dis
posed outwardly of each side of said diamond to re
ceive a said extension when said upper tabs are folded
down upon said fold lines and said jaw portions are
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
502,896
Vine ___, _____________ .. Aug. 8, 1893
546,264
Vine ________________ __ Sept. 10, 1895
2,096,130
Phillips ____________ -4-.. Oct. 19, 1937
2,680,935
2,819,559
Smart _______________ __ June 15, 1954
Daley _______________ __ Jan. 14, 1958
OTHER REFERENCES
?Fun With Paper Folding? by Murray et a1., published
1928 (pages 50 and 94 cited).
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