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Патент USA US3055515

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Sept. 25, 1962
Filed July 28, 1960
Woodrow W Reeser
United States Patent 0 ”
Patented Sept. 25, 1962
This frame '22 has a series of braces which are parallel
to each other and are horizontally disposed, for example,
Woodrow W. Reeser, 853 E. Broad St., Elyria, Ohio
Filed July 28, 1960, Ser. No. 45,852
2 Claims. (Cl. 211-51)
a top brace 30, a central brace 32 and a lower brace 34.
This invention relates to an improved multipurpose
openwork rock which is adapted to serve any one of a
number of purposes and which is highly suitable and sat
isfactory when employed as a holder for a batch of folded
paper bags for use, for example, in a self-service grocery
or similar merchandising store.
More speci?cally, the present invention pertains to a
rack which lends itself to satisfactory construction from
The aforementioned spring follower ?nger is in the form
of a Hat spring metal strip having one end 35 anchored
on the brace 32, a median portion bent over the top
brace 30 as at 36 and a free ended diagonally bent portion
38 which extends or spans the space between the two
walls 6 and 16 and which has a free end directed
toward the rear wall and reinforced by a bend or coil 40.
There is also a bottom wall as at 42 which embodies
(FIG. 1) several X-shaped component portions or braces.
More speci?cally, the arrangement has to do with one X
shaped component or brace to the left of the center, one
bendable wire and which, in practice, embodies front, back 15 to the right of the center and an intermediate one be
and bottom walls or members so arranged and connected
tween. Stated otherwise there is an X-shaped brace at
as to provide an article accommodating and holding space
the left connecting the loop 18 with a back member and
a corresponding one at the right connecting the loop mem
In keeping with the more speci?c principles of the in
ber 20 with the back member and then one in between
vention the front wall is provided on a central portion
which is interposed between the rigidifying frame 22 in
thereof with a resilient ?nger which serves as a follower
the back member. Each X-shaped brace is made up of
and has one end attached to the front wall and a free
cross wires one denoted at 44 and the other denoted at
end portion directed downwardly and toward the back or
rear wall in a manner to resiliently press against the bags
It will be understood that the exact shape of and the
to keep them in order and, at the same time, to allow 25 elements which go to make up the front, back and bottom
the bags to be spread apart sufficiently to facilitate re~
members or walls are not matters of absolute limitation.
moving and using the same one by one.
Nevertheless, many and varied ways have been under
A general objective of the invention is to structurally,
functionally and otherwise improve upon article racks and,
taken to correctly fashion a highly satisfactory openwork
wire rack and the ‘one shown has proved out to be highly
in so doing, to provide a special and suitable adaptation 30 successful which is why it is being described in particu
of the same which will appeal, it is believed, to manu
larizing detail.
facturers, retailers, and will satisfactorily serve the pur
poses of storekeepers and users in general.
Somewhat more brie?y, the rack may be said to be
characterized by vertical spaced, parallel front and back
These together with other objects and advantages which
members or walls 16 and 6 joined by a horizontal bottom
will become subsequently apparent reside in the details 35 wall, the back wall 6 being frame-like and of openwork
of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter
construction and preferably of wire, the front wall 16
described and claimed, reference being had to the ac
being constructed of wire made up of the several com
companying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like
ponents, namely, the two loops '18 and 20 and the inter
numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
40 vening rigidifying and bracing frame 22 with this frame 22
FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of a rack constructed
carrying the spring tongue which constitutes a follower
in accordance with the principles of the present invention.
and has its free end portion 40 engageable with the bags
FIG. 2 is a front elevational view on a smaller scale.
FIG. 3 is a section on the vertical line 3—3 of FIG. 2
looking in the direction of the arrows.
when the bags are in the rack in the manner shown in
FIG. 3. The three X-shaped component portions which
make up the bottom wall 42 are somewhat incidental but
Referring now to the views of the drawings, the main 45 are involved in the peculiar bending of the wire which has
components or walls are made up of bent wire portions
gone into the making of the embodiment of the invention
and, in fact, the principal parts of the over-all rack may
here illustrated.
be fashioned from a single length of wire but this is not,
It is to be repeated that while the wire is sturdy it can
of course, essential. In keeping with the preferred em
be bendably resilient at least to the extent that the front
bodiment the back wall or member, which is substantially
wall 16 is allowed to bend away from the rear wall as
?at and generally trapezoidal in plan, is denoted by the
brought out in dotted lines in FIG. 3.
numeral 6. It comprises a horizontal top member 8
This rack in most cases will be made so that it can be
and downwardly converging end members 10. There is
?tted between shelves, so that it can be fastened to a
also an X-shaped portion at the approximate center there
kitchen cabinet door to add to its usefulness. It is within
the purview of the invention, of course, to use the rack
of made up of centrally crossed wires 12 whose upper
ends are fashioned into eyes 14 so arranged that they
may be attached, with the aid of a washer, by screws or
the like to a wall or other surface. The front wall or
member is denoted generally by the numeral 16 and it
is also fashioned from wire and is made up principally of
two vertical coplanar left and right loops 18 and 20.
These loops are generally heart-shaped in front elevation,
the narrower or small end portions being disposed down
wardly. The loops are in general coplanar relation and
spaced from the frame-like rear wall 6.
There is a
rigidifying frame, also of wire, provided at 22 and this
is fashioned to include a bight portion 24 and a pair of
indoors or outdoors.
For outdoor use it may be em
ployed for newspapers and magazines, packages and so
It may be made in different sizes to accommodate
different paper bags (small, large and medium) and is
therefore regarded as a highly practical device constituting
a contribution to the art to which this invention relates.
As is apparently clear, the herein disclosed bag rack
is self-standing. This means, of course, that it is not
necessarily hung up by way of the attaching or hanger
eyes. There Iwill be times and situations where the user
desires to stand the rack on a suitable support surface; so,
the illustration of use in FIG. 3 is not to be taken
as limiting the mode of use.
Then, too, it may well be
downwardly and outwardly diverging limbs 26 which are
pointed out that the construction is such that the bag
welded or otherwise connected to the cooperating inwardly 70 space will accommodatingly hold bags and sacks of various
disposed members 28 of the left and right loops 18 and 20.
sizes at the same time. The follower spring adapts itself
a pair of coplanar right and left open loop-like compo
nents and an accompanying intervening rigidifying and
connecting portion, and a spring-biased follower normally
bridging the median portion of said space and operatively
automatically to one bag or a pack of bags, as the case
may be.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of
the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous
modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those
skilled in the ‘art, it is not desired to limit the invention
to the exact construction and operation shown and de
' mounted on a median portion of said front member.
2. The combination of claim 1 and wherein said con
necting portion comprises a wire frame, said frame being
rigid, having a bight portion and limb portions connected
to adjacent inner members of said loop-like portions and
scribed, and accordingly all suitable modi?cations and
equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope
of the invention as claimed.
10 said frame having a plurality of braces, and wherein said
follower comprises a spring ?nger having one end attached
to one of said braces and an adjacent median portion
bent over an adjacent brace, and a free end portion di
member having means for attaching the same in a vertical
rected diagonally toward the forward side of said back
position to a ?xed vertical support surface, a bottom mem
ber horizontally disposed and joined to a lower portion 15 member.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. An article rack comprising a generally ?at back
of said back member and extending forwardly at right
angles therefrom, a vertically disposed front member
joined to the bottom member and in spaced parallelism
relative to the back member and providing an article
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
receiving and holding space between the back and front 20 Re. 14,279‘
members, said back and front members being free of
connection with each other except by way of the bottom
member whereby said space is freely open at the trans
verse ends of the overall rack, said front member being
bendably resilient and capable of being ?exed and bent 25
in a direction either toward or away from the back mem
ber to vary and increase the width of said space, all of
said members being fashioned from bent wire and being
of openwork construction, said front member embodying
Back ________________ __ Apr. 3,
Gordon ______________ __ Apr. 9,
Barnard ______________ .__ Aug. 24,
Bell __________________ __ July 1,
Dalton ______________ __ June 7,
Van Korlaar __________ __ Apr. 3,
Keppler ______________ __ July 26,
Brown ________________ __ Apr. 7,
McGraw ______________ __ Mar. 3,
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