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Патент USA US3055555

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Sept. 25, y1962
`_
T. GENSER ET AL
3,055,545
DISPLAY AND DISPENSING APPARATUS FOR FLAT ARTICLES
Filed March s. 1959
'7 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTORS
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Sept. 25, 1962
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T. GENsER ET AL
3,055,545
DISPLAY AND DISPENSING APPARATUS FOR FLAT ARTICLES
Filed March 3, 1959
'7 Shee’LS-Shee‘î'l 2
FIG. 5
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Sept. 25, 1962
T. GENSER .E1-AL
3,055,545
DTSPLAY AND DISPENSING APPARATUS FOR FLAT ARTICLES
Filed March 5. 1959
7 Sheets-Sheet 3
Sept. 25, 1962
T. Gr-:NsER ET AL
3,055,545
DISPLAY AND nIsPENsING APPARATUS PoR PLAT ARTICLES
Filed March 5, 1959
'T Sheets-Sheet 4
Sept. 25, 1962v
T; GENSER ETAL
3,055,545
DISPLAY AND DISPENSING APPARATUS FOR FLAT ARTICLES
Filed MaI‘Gh 3, 1959
- 2.»
'7 Sheets-Sheet 5
Sept. 25, 1962
T. Gr-:Nsl-:R ETAL
3,055,545
DISPLAY AND DISPENSING APPARATUS FOR FLAT ARTICLES
Filed March 3, 1959
'7 Sheets-Sheet 6
375
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INVENTORS
ZÍ/Eaooef GEA/sae
Kev/var” Menos/rae,
BY Maffay .5.' ¿5v/N '
Sept. 25, 1962
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T. GENSER ET AL
3,055,545
DISPLAY AND DISRENSTNG APPARATUS FOR FLAT ARTICLES
Filed March 3, 1959
‘7 Sheets-Sheet 7
IN VEN TORS
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United States Patent 0 ” ice
1
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3,655,545
Patented Sept. 25, 1962
2
with opposing side walls 28-30, a top wall 32 and a bot
tom wall 34. An inner wall 36 defines a wire trough 38
with the side wall 30. The front of housing 26 is closed
3,055,545
DISPLAY AND DISPENSING APPARATUS
FOR FLAT ARTICLES
by a transparent wall 40, preferably formed of glass,
Theodore Genser, Newark, Kenneth Kraemer, Metuclien, 5 and the rear thereof may be closed by a suitable re
and Morton S. Levin, Little Falls, NJ., assìgnors, by
movable closure or wall which is not illustrated. As
mesne assignments, to Williams Electronic Manufactur
best seen in FIG. 3, the lower wall 34 terminates in
wardly of the front glass wall 40 to define a discharge
ing Corp., a corporation of Illinois
Filed Mar. 3, 1959, Ser. No. 794,362
11 Claims. (Cl. 221-126)
opening 42 through which a selected book is discharged
10 onto a delivery shelf 44 which depends from wall 34.
The trough 38 is closed, at the front thereof, by a panel
46 which is provided with push-button selectors 48 and
a coin insertion slot 50. A pair of spaced parallel Walls
52 and 54 extend between the confronting walls 28 and
36, with the wall 52 being disposed between the wall 54
and the glass front 40. Four equally spaced walls 56, 58,
60 and 62 extend upwardly from the lower wall 34 `and
between the walls 52 and 54 to deñne the three inner
enclosed areas 64, 66 and 68, and with the outer Walls 28
The present invention relates to automatic dispensing
apparatus and more particularly to apparatus for display
ing and discharging substantially ñat articles of like or
different dimensions (for example, height or thickness).
It is one of the primary objects of the invention to
provide means facilitating the disposition of books and
like articles in row formations in display racks, whereby
the respective selected article before being displaced and
discharged from the respective rack may first be per
ceived through a window of and from without the ap 20 `and 36, the two outer enclosed areas 70 and 72, as best
shown in FIG. 5. It will be noted that each enclosed
area extends vertically between the upper and lower
matically replaced by another article for display.
walls 32 and 34 and is bounded at opposite sides thereof
It is another object of the invention to provide means
paratus and after having been discharged will be auto
by the transverse walls 52 and 54.
affording automatic replenishment of a rack displaying a _
In the present embodiment, each
plurality of rows of articles, as soon as one of said 25
vertically extending
area is subdivided into four vertically stacked subdivided
articles is removed from said rack to thereby initiate a
tareas A1, A2, A3 and A4 by confronting U-shaped mem
bers 74--~76 which extend transversely of and are mounted
Still another object of the invention resides in the pro
by the laterally spaced walls 52-54.
vision of means facilitating easy and reliable operation
As best shown in FIG. 2, the lowermost pair of mem
of the apparatus of the aforesaid type, which requires a 30
bers 74-76 are mounted above the lower wall 34 to
minimum of surveillance and may be equipped with sub
define each subdivided area A4 of the associated gen
stantially standard parts and elements considerably re
eral area 64, 66, 68, 70 or 72, -as the case may be. The
ducing the manufacturing cost of the apparatus.
subdivided area A3 of each associated general area is
The above and other objects of the invention will be
come further `apparent from the following detailed de 35 defined by said lowermost pair of members 74-76 and
the pair of members 74A-76A mounted above said
scription, reference being made to the accompanying
predetermined cycle of operation.
drawings showing a preferred embodiment of the
lowermost pair.
invention.
In the drawings, which illustrate the best modes pres
4O
ently contemplated for carrying out the invention:
FIG. l is a front view, in elevation, of a book vending
apparatus pursuant to the present invention;
ciated general area is defined by said pair of members
The subdivided area A2 of each asso
74A----76A and a pair of members 74E-76B. The
uppermost subdivided area A1 of each associated general
area is defined by said pair of members 74B--76B and
by the uppermost pair of members 74C-76C.
The upper arm of each U-shaped member is designated
by the reference numeral 78 and the lower arm by the
removed for purposes of illustration;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken 45 reference numeral 80, the space between the confronting
arms of each pair of U-shaped members being designated
on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
by the numeral 82 (see FIG. 2).
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary View similar to FIG. 3 with
FIG. 2 is a rear elevation of the apparatus, with parts
the parts shown in another position thereof;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of
FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a rear elevation of another embodiment of
the book vending apparatus;
FIG. 7 is a side elevation of the apparatus shown in
FIG. 6, a movable frame being illustrated in broken
line;
FIG. 8 is a sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken
on the line 8-8 of FIG. 6;
FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken on the line 9-9 of
FIG. 8;
As best seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, each subdivided area
A1, A2 and A3, and an additional subdivided area A5
5 O between the upper wall 32 and each set of U-shaped
members 74C-76C constitutes a book storage area or
magazine for a stack of books or flat articles B. 'I‘he
lowermost book B1 in each stack rests on the upper
surfaces of the upper arms 78--78 of each pair of U
5 shaped members, It will be noted that each U-shaped
member extends through a horizontal opening or slot 84
in the rear wall 54 and an aligned slot 86 in the companion
wall 52. The slot 84 is dimensioned relative to the asso
ciated upper arm 78 so as to prevent the passage of the
FIG. 10 is a bottom view taken in the direction of 60 lowermost book B1 of the associated stack therethrough.
However, the slot 86 is of larger dimension so as to
arrow 11 in FIG. 6; and
permit the lowermost book to pass therethrough as here
FIG. ll is one of variously possible electrical wiring
inafter described in detail.
diagrams of the embodiment of the apparatus disclosed
The lower arms 80 of each pair of U-shaped members
in FIGS. 6 to l0.
FIG. 12 is a fragmentary front elevation of the vend 65 mount a book ejector assembly 88 operable to remove the
lowermost book in each stack. Each ejector assembly
ing apparatus of FIG. 6 with external selector mecha
88, as here shown, comprises a front plate 90 and a rear
nism and coin slots.
plate 92. (See FIG. 4).
Referring now to FIGS. l through 5 of the drawings
in detail, there is shown a book vending apparatus 20
Each of said plates is grooved, as at 94, in its opposite
pursuant to the present invention. The apparatus com 70 side edges so that it is adapted to receive the confronting
free edges of the lower arms 80 of each pair of U-shaped
prises a cabinet Z2 provided with an enclosed base 24
members as best shown in FIGS. 3 and 5, for relative
which mounts a housing 26. . The housing 26 is provided
3,055,545
3
reciprocatory movement therealong. Each plate 90 is
provided at the forward edge thereof with a pusher mem
ber 96 which is mounted by a pivot 98 for pivotal move
ment to and from the full and broken line position there
of shown in FIG. 4. A tension spring 100 connected be
tween the pusher 96 and a tie pin 102 provided on the
plate 90 biases the pusher member against a detent 104
to maintain the pusher in the erect or full line position
4
The stationary frame 304 is provided with a bottom
wall 310, a top wall 312 and opposing side walls 314 and
316. Four interior equally spaced Walls 318, 320, 322
and 324 extend between the top and bottom walls parallel
to the opposing side walls to define the five vertically ex
tending areas 326, 328, 330, 332 and 334 which are en
closed at the opposite sides thereof, as Well as at the tops
and bottoms thereof. As in the prior embodiment, each
vertically extending area is subdivided into areas A1, A2,
is provided with an aperture 106 defined therein. The 10 A3 and A4 by confronting angle members 336-338
rear plate 92 of the slide or ejector assembly 88 mounts
which extend transversely of and are mounted by the
a pivoted catch or hook 10S, as at 110. The free or
laterally spaced walls which define each vertical area.
hooked end 112 of the catch is adapted to engage in the
For example, in the case of vertical area 334, wall 316
aperture 106. The catch is also provided with a depend
mounts the angles 338 and wall 324 mounts the angles
ing finger 114 which extends through an opening 116 de
336 to define the vertically stacked subareas A1, A2, A3
ñned in the plate 92. The finger has a tapered edge 118
and A4. In addition to the transversely extending angle
which cooperates with a tapered end 120 provided in the
members, provision is also made for the confronting
armature 122 of a solenoid 124, as hereinafter described
angle members 340-342 which extend vertically of the
in detail.
walls for example, as best shown in FIGS. 9 and 8, the
In order to reciprocate a selected ejector assembly to 20 angle members 340 on walls 314 and 318 confront com
discharge a book from the associated stack, provision is
panion angle members 342 on walls 318 and 320, re~
made for a motor operated drive mechanism generally
spectively. It will be apparent that each subarea A1,
designated by the reference numeral 126. The drive
A2, A3 and A4 in each general area 326, 328, 330, 332
thereof. Adjacent the rear edges thereof, each plate 90
mechanism comprises a motor 128 mounted on the lower
and 334 defines a magazine or storage area for a stack
Wall 34. The motor shaft is coupled to both a sprocket
wheel 130 and a crank 132. A sprocket chain 134, driven
of books B, so that in the illustrated embodiment pro
vision is made for a total of twenty stacks of books. As
best seen in FIGS. 8 and 9 the lowest books in each
stack rests on a pair of confronting transverse angles
by the sprocket wheel 130,drives a second sprocket wheel
136 which, in turn, drives a second crank 138 at the same
speed as the crank 132. The crank 132 is associated
336-338 with a pair of confronting vertical angles
with the various ejector assemblies in the general area 30 340-342 serving as back-stops or detent members for
70 and is provided with an offset portion 140 for each of
each stack of books.
said ejector assemblies. A link 142 interconnects each
Provision is made for a plurality of rods 344 mounted
offset portion and the rear plate 92 of the associated
in vertically aligned relation by the walls 314, 318, 320,
ejector assembly. The second crank 138 is associated
322, 324 and 316, said rods passing through said walls.
with the ejector assemblies of the general area 64 being 35 The uppermost rod 344 is outwardly of and below the
similarly provided with the offsets 140 which are inter
book stacks in subarea A1, with each lower rod simi
connected by the links 142 to the rear plates 92 of the
larly mounted outwardly of and below the book stacks
associated ejector assemblies. Moreover, it will be noted,
in an associated horizontal row of subareas, as shown in
as best shown in FIG. 5, that the adjacent rear plates 92
FIGS. 8 and 7.
are interconnected by cross-bars 144, whereby it will be 40
Each rod 344 serves to mount a horizontally extending
apparent that the drive mechanism by effecting rotation
shelf 346 which has an inclined portion 348 forwardly
of both cranks 132 and 136 is operable to effect the con
of the associated rod and a depending portion 350 rear
comitant reciprocation of all the rear plate members 92.
wardly of the associated rod. The portion 348 is pro
Provision is made for a book holder assembly 144
vided with cutouts 352 to accommodate the inner walls
which is mounted on the wall 52 below each discharge
318, 320, 322 and 324 and a tab 354 depends from the
opening 86 therein. Each assembly 144 comprises a
portion 348 into each cutout. A transparent cover 148,
tilted base 146 which is enclosed by a transparent cover
previously described is provided for each stack of books,
148 through which is visible the book which is mounted
below the latter, on the associated shelf 346, being pro
on the base. The cover is open at its upper end, as at
vided with an upper end opening 150 to allow a book
150 so that a book ejected from the companion stack can 50 ejected from the companion stack to fall on the asso
fall onto the base through said open end. The cover is
ciated shelf within the confines of the cover. The cover
closed at its sides and at its bottom end ‘1‘52 so as to re
is pivoted as at 154, on an associated tab 354 in the same
tain the book on the tilted base. The cover is pivoted,
manner as previously described in connection with the
as at 154, and is operable from its full to its broken line
prior embodiment, by operation of a relay 156 mounted
position, as shown in FIG. 3, by operation of a relay 156, 55 on the shelf portion 348. The armature 158 of the relay
mounted on the base 146 as shown. The armature 158
is connected by the pivoted link 160 to the cover as at
of the relay is connected by a pivoted link 160 to the
162, to open the cover upon energization of the relay, as
cover, as at 162.
previously described, whereby a book on the shelf por
Consequently, operation of the relay 156 will cause the
tion 348, within the pivoted cover, will drop onto the
cover to be pivoted to its broken line position whereby 60 delivery shelf 44 mounted by a pair of opposing side
the book on the base 146 will drop, as indicated by
arrow 164 through the discharge opening 42 onto the
shelf 44.
struts 356 on the support frame work 302.
In order to discharge a book from a selected stack,
provision is made for the previously mentioned movable
frame assembly 306.
is shown and later referred to with respect to FIG. 11. 65
Frame assembly 306 comprises the opposing side walls
The wiring diagram for the apparatus herein disclosed
Referring now to FIGS. 6 through 10 in detail there
is shown a book vending apparatus 300 pursuant to the
presently preferred embodiment of the invention.
The
apparatus comprises an open frame work support 302 on
358-358, an upper wall 360 and ya plurality of cross
bars 362, extending between the side Walls 358. A pair
of brackets 364 depend from the side walls and mount
transverse member 366 provided with a pair of closed
which there is mounted a stationary frame assembly 304 70 slots 368, as best shown in FIG. l0. In order to effect
and a movable frame assembly 306. The support 302
horizontal reciprocation of the movable frame `assembly
is closed at the front thereof by a transparent window
306 provision is made for a motor operated drive as
308, preferably formed of glass. It will be understood
that the sides and rear of the support 302 are enclosed
sembly 370. The drive assembly comprises the motor 372
mounted on the bottom wall 310 of the stationary frame
by a suitable cabinet or housing which is not illustrated. 75 assembly 306. The motor drives a first offset crank 374
3,055,545
5
and a sprocket wheel 376 which, in turn, drives a sprocket
chain 378, and the latter drives a second sprocket wheel
380 provided on a second olîset crank 376 journalled in
such blade switches in the present selector mechanism
555. The blade switches are normally open but the press
ing of a front panel push button 553 by the customer
a bearing 382 mounted on wall 310. The free ends of
closes a selected one of said forty blade switches 513.
cranks 374 and 376 ride in the closed slots 368 whereby
rotation of the cranks through 360 degrees causes recip
rocation of the movable frame assembly 306 between the
full and broken line positions thereof illustrated in FIG. 7.
This selection is made by the movement, by the customer,
of said push button 553 along a numbered track 554,
there being a number for each assembly 144. When the
button is depressed at the customer selected position, the
associated blade switch is closed.
'Ihe cross bars mount solenoids 384, there being a
In addition to a. blade switch 513 for each assembly
solenoid for each of the subareas or book magazines. 10
144, provision is also made for a price selector plug for
Each solenoid is provided with an armature 386 which
each assembly. Consequently, in the present embodi
mounts a pusher member 388 for vertical movement
ment, provision is made for forty price selector plugs of
within a pair of guides 390-390 provided on the cross
which three only are illustrated at 507, 508 and 509, re
Each pusher plate 388 is provided on its forward face 15 spectively. Each plug is positioned by the customer in
accordance with the cost of the book he Wishes to pur
with a pair of grip pins 392. When the solenoid 384 is
chase. In this connection, each of the three coin selec
fle-energized, the associated pusher plate is in retracted
tor busses 510, 511 and 512, is provided With a contact
position, as shown in the upper portion of FIG. 8 where
member.
A
Y
by, during reciprocation of the movable frame assembly,
point for each assembly 144 adapted Iror engagement by
it will pass under the lowermost book of the associated 20 the associated price selector plug. Such contact points
are indicated at 510A, 511A and 512A for the busses
stack. However, when the solenoid is energized, the
510, 511 and 512, respectively.
pusher plate is moved to a projected or raised position,
As previously indicated, a vend or delivery solenoid
as shown in the lower portion of FIG. 8, whereby during
156 and a load or feed solenoid 384 are associated with
forward movement of the movable frame assembly, it
will engage the lowermost book of the associated stack, 25 each stack of books B. Said solenoids are connected in
parallel between a lead 523 and an associated blade
as it passes between the associated transverse angles
switch 513. Lead 523 is connected through a normally
336-338, the pins 392 gripping the book and moving it
closed carri? operated switch 514 and a relay solenoid
forwardly to eject the book from the stack. The ejected
516 to a lead 524 connected to the other terminal of sec
book falls through the open end 150 of the associated
transparent cover onto the associated shelf 346, as shown 30 ondary winding 503B. Consequently, with a price selec
tor plug positioned in engagement with an associated
in broken line in FIG. 8.
contact point 510A, 511A or 512A, and with a sullicient
FIG. 1l illustrates a circuit wiring diagram of the ap
deposit of coins to close the associated switch 506, 504 or
paratus which is more specifically disclosed in FIGS. 6
505, the associated price selector buss 510, 511 or 512 is
to 10 inclusive.
Referring now to FIGS. 10 to 12 in detail, there is 35 energized and upon closing of `a blade switch by the cus
tomer, an energizing circuit for the associated vend and
illustrated in FIG. 11 a schematic wiring diagram for the
load relays 156 and 384 is completed through switch 514
«article or book vending apparatus 300. As here shown,
and solenoid 516 across the secondary winding 503B.
the electrical components are supplied from a suitable
AJC. source or network 500A through main busses or
Resistor 515 acts as a shunt for solenoid 516. Ener
power lines 501 and 502 when the ganged main switches 40 Agization of solenoid 516 closes its normally open contacts
518, and with coin switch 506 closed by the minimum
500 are closed. Closing said switches energizes a lamp
insertion of twenty-live cents, a pointer delay solenoid
500B for lighting up the apparatus 300 and'for delivering
517 is also energized to retain the push button 553 in op
current to the primary winding 503A of a transformer
erated position. The energization of solenoid 516 also
503, both of which are connected across the aforesaid
power lines. In addition, closing switches 500 also en 45 closes another set of its contacts 525 whereupon an ener
gizing circuit through closed switch 506 is completed for
ergize a conventional coin mechanism 550 (FIG. 12)
a `control relay 526. Energization of the latter closes its
which is connected across the power lines, as indicated
contacts 527 to provide a holding circuit therefor. Ener
by the reference numeral 520.
gization of solenoid 526 results in the opening of its nor
The apparatus is now set up for operation upon inser
tion of a coin in coin slot 520 to operate a conventional 50 mally closed contacts which are connected between the
power line 501 and a coin return switch (indicated at
coin totalizer 521 which in the present embodiment
551 and 552 in FIG. 12) in the conventional coin mech
operates, in ñve cent increments, in response to total
deposits of twenty-tive cents, thirty-tive cents and ñfty
anism 520.
This removes power from the coin return
switch so as to prevent operation of the conventional
cents. Upon deposit of `a total of twenty-five cents,
switch 506 in the totalizer is closed. Upon deposit of 55 coin return device (551, 552) of the coin mechanism 550,
520 by the customer during the operating cycle of the
thirty-tive cents, switch 504 in the totalizer is closed and
book vending apparatus 300».
upon ldeposit of lifty cents, switch 505 is closed.
_Upon energization of vend solenoid 156, its associated
The closing of switch 504 does not change the condi
-swingable cover 148 is opened, as previously explained, to
tion of the previously closed switch 50‘6. Similarly, the
`closing of switch 505 does not change the condition of 60 permit the heretofore still retained book to be released
and to drop out for delivery.
the previously closed switch 504. The totalizer switches
Upon energization of a load solenoid 384, the move
are all connected at one side thereof to one terminal of
ment of the carriage causes the lowest book in the stack
the secondary winding 503B of the transformer 503 by
associated with the assembly 144 from which a delivery
line 522. The other sides of the totalizer switches are
connected to price selector busses 510, 511 and 512, re 65 had been made, be moved from the stack onto the plat
spectively, of a selector mechanism 555. Consequently,
`it will be apparent that each price selector buss is ener
gized by the secondary winding 503B in response to the
closing of the associated coin totalizer switch.`
form 348.
‘
Energization of the control relay 526 also closes its
normally open contacts in circuit with a motor control
relay 530 for energizing the latter. Whereupon its nor
In the present embodiment, the customer can select to 70 mally open contacts 531 are closed so as to complete an
energizing circuit for the drive motor 372 across the
make his purchase, for example, from forty ‘ different
'book display and delivery assemblies »144.
A blade
power lines 501 and 502. The motor drives both cams
532 and 533. Upon rotation of cam 532 for 750 de
switch 513 is associated with each assembly. 'I'hree of
grees, the normally closed cam switch 514 opens.
>said blade switches 513 are illustrated in the drawing, it
‘being understood however that thereis a total of forty 75 Whereupon the vend solenoid 156, the load solenoid 384
3,055,545
7
8
and the control solenoid 516 are all de-energized. The
book clamping pins 392 hold the load solenoid armature
move said retaining means relatively to said display plate
to permit `sliding release of an article downwardly under
the influence of gravity from said display plate, and selec
1
386 in mechanically elevated position until the lowest
book in the stack has been ejected therefrom. This in
tor means connected to each of said ejector means and
sures a continuation of load function after the load sole
said releasing means to selectively activate said releasing
noid is de-energized. De-energization of solenoid 516
opens its contacts 518 whereupon the pointer delay sole
noid S17 is de-energized and frees the front pointer for
means and said ejecting means whereby to release said
subsequent operational movement. The cam switch 514
play plate.
remains open for the balance of the operative cycle so
that the entire front panel selector system is rendered in
2. A dispensing device according to claim 1, wherein
said display plate extends downwardly at an angle from
the lowermost article in the stack and is located between
said article and said display window.
3. A dispensing device according to claim 1, wherein
said plurality of means for supporting said plurality of
articles includes a plurality of horizontal and vertical
rows of inclined display plates.
4. A dispensing device according to claim 1, wherein
operative.
A normally open cam switch 534, in parallel with relay
contacts 529“, is closed at thirty degrees rotation of cam
533 and operates as a holding circuit switch for the motor
articles from said plate to said chute and eject an article
from the adjacent vertically arranged stack onto said dis
control relay 530 whereby the motor 372 continues to
be energized for the balance of the operating cycle.
Upon delivery of a book from an assembly M4, a trip
said ejector means includes a reciprocatable pusher mem
switch 535 is momentarily closed by movement of the
book itself. Momentary closing of switch 535 energizes 20 ber, means for mounting said reciprocatable pusher mem
ber for movement between positions in alignment with
a relay solenoid 536 through closed relay contacts 531
and closes its own holding contacts 537 in parallel with
and out of alignment, with said stacks, and means on said
pusher member deiiectable upon movement of said pusher
switch 535. If for any reason a book is not delivered by
member in one direction away from said stacks and cn
the apparatus 300, as for example if insufficient money is
gageable with the end article of said stacks upon move
deposited therein, or the assembly 144 is empty, or there
ment in an opposite direction to discharge it onto said
is an apparatus malfunction, relay 536 is not energized
display plate.
because trip switch 535 is not actuated. At 180° rota
5. A dispensing device according -to claim 4, wherein
tion of cam 533, the normally open cam switch 533 is
said ejector means includes a crank member having a
operated and closes. If relay 536 has been energized, its
normally open contact 539 is closed, so that with cam 30 crank arm portion connected to said pusher member to
reciprocate said pusher member.
switch 538 closed, the lead 540 is energized. Lead 540
6. A dispensing device according to claim l, wherein
supplies power to` a conventional coin collect solenoid
said ejector means includes a reciprocatable plate asso
(not illustrated) in the coin mechanism 520 so as to de
posit in the cash box in the apparatus, the coins inserted
ciated with each of said plurality of supporting means,
by the customer.
35 and means to reciprocate said plates including detent
means releasably engageable with said plates, and control
If, however, relay solenoid 536 is not energized, its
means to selectively engage and release said detent means
normally closed contacts 541 remain closed and, upon
-from said plates whereby to selectively reciprocate or pre
closing of the cam switch 538, power is applied through
vent reciprocation of said plate as said reciprocating
lead 542 to a conventional coin return solenoid (not il
lustrated) in the coin mechanism, is energized to return 40 means is operative.
7. A dispensing device according to claim 1, wherein
the coins inserted by the customer. Operation of either
said ejector means includes a laterally reciprocatable plate
the coin collect or the coin return solenoid in the coin
member disposed beneath each of said means for sup
mechanism resets all the switches in the coin totalizer
porting a plurality of said articles, a pusher finger pivotal
521, in a conventional manner. Resetting of switch 506
to its open condition results in the de-energization of the 45 ly mounted on said plate, means to bias said pusher
ringer to an upright position, said pusher tinger being de
control relay solenoid A526. At 210° rotation of cam S33,
flectable by the lowermost article upon movement of said
cam switch 538 opens and thereby removes power from
plate in one direction ybut being engageable with said
either the coin collect or the coin return solenoid. The
article to move said article out of said stack upon move
motor 372 continues to operate until cam switch 534
opens after 360° rotation of cam 53-3 because motor con 50 ment of said plate in an opposite direction, and means to
trol relay 530 remains energized through closed cam
reciprocate said plate.
switch 534.
Various changes and modiñcations may be made with
said means to reciprocate said plate includes a detent
8. .A dispensing device according to claim 7, wherein
member pivotally mounted at one end adjacent said plate
out departing from the spirit and scope of the present in
vention and it is intended that such obvious changes and 55 and having a detent portion at its opposite end engageable
with said plate, and a crank member pivotally connected
modilications be embraced by the annexed claims.
to said detent member to reciprocate said detent member,
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed
and means to selectively engage and disengage said detent
as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
1. A dispensing device for articles such as books com
member from said plate.
prising a plurality of means for supporting a plurality of 60 9. A dispensing device for articles such as books com
prising a plurality of means for supporting a plurality of
such articles in a plurality of vertically arranged stacks,
such articles in vertically arranged laterally and vertically
said stacks being laterally and vertically adjacent, a trans
parent substantially vertical display lwindow laterally
adjacent stacks, a transparent substantially vertical dis
play window laterally spaced from said plurality of sup
spaced from said plurality of supporting means, an in
clined display plate adjacent each of said supporting 65 porting means, an inclined display plate adjacent each
means for each stack of articles disposed to receive
of said supporting means disposed to receive articles
articles from the corresponding supporting means for
from the associated supporting means and located for
each stack and located for viewing the articles through
viewing the articles through said display Window, means
to retain the articles on said display plate in a position for
said display window, means to retain the articles on said
display plate in a position for viewing, a delivery chute 70 viewing, a delivery chute located below said display
located below said display plates in a position to receive
plates in a position to receive articles released therefrom,
ejector means associated with each of said plurality of
articles released therefrom, ejector means for each of said
plurality of said supporting means to move an article olî
said supporting means including means to move an article
said stack onto said display plate, article releasing means
olf said stack onto said display plate, article releasing
connected to each of said retaining means effective to 75 means connected to each of said retaining means permit
3,055,545
lt)
display plate to permit sliding oiî of an article from said
ting sliding release of -an article downwardly under the
influence of gravity from Vsaid display plate, and selector
display plate.
means connected to each of said ejector means and said
1‘1. A dispensing device for articles such as books com
prising a plurality of means for supporting a plurality of
releasing means to selectively activate said releasing
means and -said ejector means whereby to release said
articles »from said plate to said chute and eject an article
from the adjacent vertically arranged stacks onto said dis
play plate, said retaining means includes a transparent
such articles in a plurality of vertically arranged stacks,
said stacks being laterally and vertically adjacent, a trans
parent substantially vertical display window laterally
spaced from lsaid plurality of supporting means, an in
cover member pivotally connected at one end `and includ
clined display plate adjacent each of said supporting
ing an opposite end movable between a position holding
the article on said display plate against downward sliding
means for each stack of articles disposed to receive
articles from the `corresponding supporting means for each
stack and located for viewing the articles through said
display window, means to retain the articles on said dis
movement to a position releasing said article therefrom.
10. A dispensing device for article such as books corn
prising a plurality of means for supporting a plurality
of such articles in vertically arranged laterally and ver
tically adjacent stacks, a transparent substantially vertical
display window laterally spaced from said plurality of
supporting means, an inclined display plate adjacent each
play plate in a position for viewing, a delivery chute lo
cated below said display plates in a position to receive
articles released therefrom, ejector means for each of said
plurality of said supporting means to move an article
off said stack onto said display plate, article releasing
means connected to each of said retaining means permit
of said supporting means disposed to receive articles
from the associated supporting means and located for 20 ting sliding release of an article downwardly under the
viewing the articles through said display window, means
influence of gravity from said display plate, and selector
to retain the articles on said display plate in a position
for viewing, a delivery chute located below said display
plates in a position to receive articles released therefrom,
ejector means associated with each of said plurality of 25
releasing means to selectively activate said releasing
means and said ejector means whereby to release said
articles from said plate to said chute and eject an article
means connected to each `of said ejector means and said
oil said stack onto said display plate, article releasing
from the adjacent vertically arranged stacks onto said
display plate, including means to render said ejector
means connected to each of said retaining means permit
ting sliding release of an article downwardly under the
play plate.
said supporting means including means to move an article
iniluence of gravity from said display plate, and selector 30
means connected to each of said ejector means and said
releasing means to selectively activate >said releasing
means and said ejector means whereby to release said
articles from said plate to said chute and eject an article
from the adjacent vertically arranged stacks onto said dis
play plate, said retaining means including a transparent
cover member having a lower end holding an article on
said display plate and being pivotally mounted on its
opposite end, and means to selectively pivot said cover
member to move the opposite end thereof away from said 40
means ineffective when an article is already on said dis
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
916,557y
2,223,515
2,524,673
Hower et al. __________ _ Mar. 30, 1909
Gebert et al __________ __ Dec. 3, 1940
«Martin _______________ __ Oct. 3, 1950
2,590,736
2,634,185l
Tandler et al. ________ __ Mar. 25,
Wilder _______________ __ Apr. 7,
Rabkin et al __________ __ June 22,
Fry ________________ __ May 13,
Ridings et al. _________ __ Feb. 3,
2,681,842
2,834,512
2,872,009
19‘5'2
1953
1954
1958
1959
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