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Патент USA US3055725

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sept- 25, 1962
T. R. BOOTH
3,055,715
RAILWAY CAR JOURNAL BOX
Filed Jan. 11, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet l
FiqL-i
INVENTOR.
790M145
50071-1,
14770, mas
Sept. 25, 1962
'r. R. BOOTH
3,055,715
RAILWAY CAR JOURNAL BOX
Filed Jan. 11, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
United States Patent O?hce
1
3,055,715
Thomas R. Booth, Indianapoiis, Ind, assignor to Railway
RAILWAY CAR JOURNAL BGX
3,055,715
Patented Sept. 25, 1962
2
FIG. 3 is a fragmental prospective view illustrating a
step in the insertion of stop-blocks;
FIG. 4 is an elevational view, in partial section, further
illustrating the operation of inserting a stop block; and
Service and Snppiy Corporation, Indianapolis, Ind, a
6
FIG. 5 is a fragmental elevation illustrating a tool
corporation of Indiana
which may be used to facilitate the operation of inserting
Filed Jan. 11, i960, Ser. No. 1,483
the stop blocks.
8 Ciairns. (til. 308-88)
In FIGS. 1 and 2 I have illustrated a generally con
The copending application of Edwin S. Pearce, Serial
ventional journal box having a substantially semi-circular
No. 652,986, ?led April 15, 1957, discloses a lubricator 10 lower wall It}, vertically extending side walls 11, and a
for the journal boxes of railway cars, which lubricator
top wall or roof 12. Such journal box receives an axle
requires, within the journal box, ribs or abutments located
journal 15‘ having, at its outer end, the conventional col
on the opposite side walls of the journal box approxi
lar or flange 16.
mately at the height of the journal-axis. Somewhat simi
The journal box of FIGS. 1 and 2 is shown as provided
lar abutments or ribs are used for other purposes, such
with lubricators of the type disclosed in the aforesaid
as supports for stop blocks designed to limit movement
prior application Serial No. 652,986. Such a lubricator
of the journal relative to the box in a direction fore-and
aft of the railway car. The provision of such ribs or
abutments in journal boxes not originally formed with
them is more or less troublesome and expensive.
My invention therefore contemplates an attachment
which can be applied to the interior of a journal box
and which will provide abutments, ribs, shelves, or the
like wherever such elements are desired. In its preferred
form, the invention contemplates a sheet-metal liner de
signed to ?t within the lower portion of the journal box
against the walls thereof and conveniently terminating ap
proximately at the elevation of the desired ribs, abut
ments, or shelves. The latter elements are provided on
the liner and are insertable into and removable from the
journal box with the liner. To hold the liner releasably
in place, I preferably employ a U-shaped bale the ends
of which are pivotally connected to the front corners of
the liner, the legs of which extend upwardly adjacent the
side walls of the journal box, and the intermediate por
tion of which engages the upper wall or roof of the
journal box. Desirably, the liner is formed of spring
stock to a curvature somewhat less than it will have when
in place, and the bale is formed of spring wire and so
designed that when it is in position it will exert a sub
stantial downward effort on the front corners of the liner
and, in cooperation with the resilience of the liner, force
the liner into contact with the journal box wall for its
full extent parallel to the journal axis.
comprises a retainer 20 in the form of a sheet metal
strip extending circumferentially of the curved bottom
wall 10‘ of the journal box, a support 21 in the form of
a strip of spring metal extending chordally across the
journal box below the journal, and a lubricating pad 22
pressed upwardly into contact with the journal by the
resilience of the support 21. To prevent creeping of the
entire lubricator assembly circumferentially of the bottom
10 of the journal box, prior application Serial No. 652,986
contemplates the provision on the journal box of abut
ments which will engage the ends of the retainer 20. The
present invention provides such abutments on a readily
removable and insertable journal-box liner.
The liner 25 shown in the drawing is in the form of
a spring sheet-metal plate bent into an arcuate cross
section to have, when unstressed, a radius of curvature
substantially greater than that of the bottom journal-box
‘wall It}. Conveniently, the liner may be formed of spring
steel stock of approximately No. 21 gage bent on a radius
approximately l5%—20% greater than the radius of cur
vature of the lower journal-box 10. The ends of the
liner 25 are bent to form inwardly projecting ?anges 26
which, as shown, serve as abutments limiting movement
of the retainers 20‘. Portions of the material forming the
liner 25 may be struck inwardly to provide tongues 27
which are located between the two retainers 20 and serve
to limit their movement axially of the journal box.
To hold the liner 25 in place, I conveniently employ a
Another aspect of my invention involves the employ 45 bale formed of wire into a general U-shape to provide an
ment of a liner such as above described to support stop
intermediate portion 30 and legs 31. The lower ends of
blocks having the function of limiting horizontal trans
verse movements of the journal in the journal box. For
ings provided in ?ngers 33 secured, as by welding, to the .
this purpose I provide the ends of the liner with shelves
front corners of the liner 25.
edges of which are formed to provide hook-like lips which
extend a short distance outwardly relative to the journal
box and are located above the shelves. Each of the stop
customary brass-wedge (not shown). Such lug or web 35 is conveniently used to retain the bale 30—-31 in oper
the legs 31 are bent to form eyes 32 received in open
The roof of the conven
which extend inwardly of the journal box and the inner 50 tional railway-car journal box is provided adjacent its
outer end with a lug or rib 35 which serves to retain the
blocks has adjacent its- lower edge an inwardly facing, 55 ative position. To this end, the legs 31 of the bale may
be provided adjacent the portion 30 with downwardly o?f~
longitudinally extending groove adapted to receive the
set portions 36 adapted to receive the lug or rib 35 in
associated lip. By elevating the journal box relative to
the manner best illustrated in FIG. 2. To increase the
the axle, each stop block can be inserted into the journal
resilience of the bale-legs 31, they may be formed inter
box, disposed in an inwardly cocked position while its
groove is engaged with the associated lip, and then rocked 60 mediately with loops 37 of one or more turns.
In applying’the liner 25, it is inserted into the journal
into an upright position against the adjacent side wall of
box
through the opening in the outer end thereof and
the journal box, after which the journal box may be
passed beneath the collar \16 into a position below the
lowered, to bring the stop blocks into the horizontal plane
journal. If necessary to effect insertion of the liner, the
containing the journal axis.
journal brass and wedge may be removed and the axle
Other features of the invention will become apparent 65 elevated relative to the journal box to increase the.
from the following more detailed description and from
clearance between the journal and the bottom wall 10 of
the accompanying drawings, in which:
the journal box. When the liner has been positioned in
FIG. 1 is a vertical section through a railway-car jour
proper location on the lower wall 10 of the journal box,
nal box on the line 1-—1 of FIG. 2;
the bale 3tl~31 is swung upwardly into the position shown
FIG. 2 is a vertical axial section through the journal 70 in FIG. 2, with the lug or rib 35 of the journal box re
box on the line 2—-2 of FIG. 1;
ceived in the offset portions 36 of the bale-legs 31. In this
3,055,715
3
position, the bale is stressed and exerts a substantial
downward effort on the front corners of the liner.
Such
effort, in cooperation with the resilient stressing of the
liner itself, holds the liner in contact with the bottom
journal-box wall 10 for its full extent axially of the journal.
With the liner in place, the ?anges ‘26 at its ends extend
inwardly past the ends of the retainers 20 and serve as
4
ends of the liner to such walls. Thus, as shown in FIG. 4,
each shelf 44 may have a ‘width such that when the rib
46 is seated in the lip 45 the stop block will project a
short distance outwardly beyond the outer face of the
liner. Such an arrangement insures ?rm contact between
the stop block and the journal-box wall.
Tolerances for journal-box widths and journal diameters
are such that it may be advisable for stop blocks 40-—41
abutments limiting movement of the retainers circumfer
to be effectively variable in thickness. To that end, the
entially of the journal box.
Aspreviously indicated, the liner may be used for pur 10 stop blocks may include shims 60 of sheet metal located
between the backing and facing. By adding or withdraw
poses other than that of locating the lubricators shown
ing shims, the stop blocks can be given the over-all thick
in the drawing. For example, the liner may be. used to
ness necessary to provide the proper clearance between
support and locate stop blocks serving to limit movement
them and the journal.
of the journal in a horizontal plane transversely of its
It is to be understood that in its broader aspects my
axis relative to the journal box. Each of the stop blocks 15
invention is not limited to the particular element or
shown in the drawing comprises a backing 40 and a facing
elements supported by the liner. Neither is it limited in
41 of a metal, such as brass, having good wearing proper
respect to whether the supported elements are, like the
ties. The material of which the backing 40 is formed
?anges 26 and tongues 27, permanently attached to or in
may vary, but I prefer to use aluminum. The backing and
tegral with the liner or whether they are, like the stop
facingmay be secured together by bolts 42, the heads
blocks, removably associated with the liner.
and nuts of which are received in recesses appropriately
I claim as my invention:
provided in the backing 40 and facing 41.
1. In combinaion with a railway car journal box hav
To adapt the liner 25 for support of the stop blocks,
sheet-metal shelves 44 may be secured to the ends of the
liner. As shown, such shelves overlie the ?anges 26, to
which they are secured, as by spot-welding. The inner
edge of the metal forming each shelf 44 is shown as bent
to provide an outwardly directed hook-like lip 45 located
above and in spaced relation to the self 44. The backing
40 of each stop block projects downwardly below the fac
ing 41 and is there provided on its inner surface with a
longitudinal groove de?ning a rib 46 adapted to be re
ceived in the lip 45'. To locate the stop blocks axially of
the journal box, the sheet metal of which each shelf 44
is formed may be provided with spaced upstuck tongues
47 constituting abutments between which the associated
block is received.
To facilitate insertion of the stop blocks into the journal
box, the inner face of each backing 40 is provided at its 40
ends with L-shaped slots 48 adapted to receive an insert
ing tool 49 in the form of a metal bar having a projection
50 at its ends. As will be evident from FIG. 5, the end
of the tool 49 can be inserted into the slot 48 in such man
ner that the stop block will be supported from the tool
and can be positioned by manipulation thereof.
To insert the stop blocks ‘40-41, the truck frames, with
which the journal boxes are integral, may be elevated
relative to the journals by jacks such as are indicated
fragmentally at 51 in FIG. 3. Such elevation of the ;
truck frame brings the shelves 44 well above the axis of
the journal and permits a stop block, carried by the end
ofvthe tool 49, to be inserted into the journal box above
the shelf 44 and in the inwardly cocked position illustrated
in dotted lines in FIG. 4. While in such cocked position,
the tool 49 is manipulated to engage the rib 46 in the
hook-like lip 45 of the stop block, and the stop block is
then rotated outwardly into a vertical position where it
will be supported on the shelf 44 and lie against the
inner’ face of the journal box wall, where it is located
axially of the journal box by the tongues 46. When the
stop blocks are located in the full-line position shown in
FIG. 4, the tool 49-is lowered and withdrawn; and when
all the stop blocks asociated with the truck frame have
been positioned, the jacks 51 are operated to lower the
truck frame and bring the journal box into such a posi
tion that the stop blocks will lie in the horizontal plane
of the journal-axis, as shown in FIGS. ‘1 and 2.
ing an open outer end, a curved bottom wall, and a
roof, means for supporting an element within said jour
nal box, said means for supporting an element within
said journal box, said means comprising a sheet-metal
plate overlying said bottom wall and a retainer for hold
ing said plate in contact with the bottom wall, said re
tainer acting between the plate and the journal box and
exerting a downward effort on the former, said plate,
when unstressed, having a radius of curvature greater
than that of said bottom wall but being resiliently bend
able to permit its insertion into position through said
open end, said plate, when in position in contact with
said bottom wall, 'being resiliently stressed in ?cxure,
said retainer being a generally U-shaped bale pivoted at
its ends to corners of the plate, said bale including re
silient, generally parallel legs and an intermediate por
tion engagcable with the interior of the journal box
above the plate to stress the legs and cause them to exert
downward effort on the plate corners to which they are
connected.
2. The invention of claim 1 with the addition that said
bale is formed of spring wire, said wire intermediate the
length of each leg being formed into an eye to increase the
resilience of the leg.
3. The combination of claim 1 with the addition that
said roof has a downwardly projecting rib near its outer
end, the legs of said bale having downwardly offset
portions releasably receiving said rib.
4. The combination set forth in claim 1 with the ad
dition of journal-stops mounted on said plate on opposite
sides of the journal in position to limit horizontal trans
verse movement thereof relative to the journal box, said
journal box having side walls extending upwardly from
the bottom wall to the roof, said journal-stops extending
upwardly beyond said plate and engaging said side walls
to transmit directly thereto any ‘forces applied to the
journal-stops by the journal.
5. The combination set forth in claim 1 with the addi
tion of journal-tops mounted on said plate on opposite
sides of the journal in position to limit horizontal trans
verse movement thereof relative to the journal box.
6. The combination set forth in claim 5 with the addi
tion that said plate is provided with channels which
extend parallel to the journal-axis and which open out
wardly, each of said journal-stops being provided with
When a liner such as above described is used to support
a tongue of hook-like cross-section engageable in one of
and locate stop blocks or other elements which are located 70 said channels by a tilting movement of the journal-stop.
7. In combination with a railway car journal box hav
above the ends of the liner and which may be called upon
ing an open outer end, a curved bottom wall, and a roof,
to transmit substantial forces to the journal box, it may
journal lubricating means mounted within the journal
‘be desirable to connect the elements to the liner in such
box and comprising inner and outer axially spaced ele
fashion thatvengagement of thersupported elements with
the ,side walls of the journal box limits approach of the 75 ments extending generally circumferentially of said bot
3,055,715
5
6
tom wall, and means for supporting and locating said
metal plate overlying said bottom wall and a retainer
elements, said last named means comprising a sheet-metal
for holding said plate in contact with the bottom wall,
plate overlying said bottom wall and a retainer for hold
said retainer acting between the plate and the journal
ing said plate in contact with the bottom wall, said re
box and exerting a downward e?ort on the former, said
tainer acting between the plate and the journal box and
plate, when unstressed, having ‘a radius of curvature
exerting a downward effort on the former, said plate,
greater than that of said bottom wall but being resiliently
when unstressed, having a radius of curvature greater
bendable to permit its insertion into position through said
than that of said bottom wall but being resiliently bend
open end, said plate, when in position in contact with
able to permit its insertion into position through said
said bottom wall, being resiliently stressed in ?exure, said
open end, said plate, when in position in contact with 10 elements being resiliently bendable and insertable through
said bottom wall, being resiliently stressed in ?exure, said
the open end of the journal box into positions on said
elements being resiliently bendable and insertable through
plate, said plate being provided between said elements
the open end of the journal box into positions on said
with an abutment limiting approach ‘of the elements
toward each other.
plate, said plate being axially continuous along and adja
cent the bottom of the journal box between said elements 15
to provide for continuous support of the inner element
as it is moved rearwardly of the journal box into its
position, said plate being provided with abutments en
References *Cited in the file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
elements extending generally circumferentially of said 25
1,941,486
2,271,117
2,371,247
2,559,041
2,684,878
2,812,223
2,819,126
Pilcher _______________ __ Jan. 2,
Cornarius ____________ .._ Jan. 27,
McMullen et a1. ______ _.. Mar. 13,
Korn ________________ __ July 3,
Foss ________________ _._ July 27,
Diggins ______________ .... NOV. 5,
Ortleb ________________ __ Jan. 7,
bottom wall, and means for supporting and locating said
elements, said last named means comprising a sheet
1,122,090
France ______________ _.. May 14, 1956
gageable with said elements to restrict their movement
circumferentially of the journal box.
20
8. In combination with a railway car journal box
having an open outer end, a curved bottom wall, and a
roof, journal lubricating means mounted within the jour
nal box and comprising inner and outer axially spaced
1934
1942
1945
1951
1954
1957
1958
FOREIGN PATENTS
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
Patent No. 3,055,715
'
Thomas R.
September 25, 1962
Booth
‘
It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered pat
ent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as
corrected below.
Column 4, lines 26 and 27, strike out "said means for
supporting an element within said journal b0x,"; line 62, for
Y‘journal-tops" read —— journal~stops ——“
Signed and sealed this 19th day of March 1963.
(SEAL)
Attest:
ESTON G. JOHNSON
DAVID L. LADD
Attesting Officer
Commissioner of Patents
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