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Патент USA US3056980

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Oct. 9, 1962
3,056,970
J. C. OWEN
DOLL DRESS PATTERN AND MANUFACTURE
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed NOV. 6, 1958
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INVENTOR.
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Oct. 9, 1962
J. c. OWEN
3,056,970
DOLL DRESS PATTERN AND MANUFACTURE
Filed Nov. 6, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
\T¢s£PH/NE C. OWEN
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3,056,970
Josephine C. Owen, wngsport, Tenn.
(413 Maryiand Ave, Bristol, Tenn.)
DOLL DRESS PATTERN AND MANUFACTURE
Filed Nov. 6, 1958, Ser. No. 772,264
3 Claims. (Cl. 2—24l3)
3,056,910
Patented Oct. 9, 19:62
will be set forth hereinafter in the speci?cation appended
hereto and shown in the drawings wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a ?at pattern comprising
a basic element of my method.
FIGURE 2 is a plan view showing the pattern in place
upon material, which material is to have the pattern out
line traced thereon.
FIGURE 3 is a view showing the material having the
pattern outline traced thereon and after certain sewing
This invention relates to the art of clothing manufacture,
and primarily to the manufacture of doll clothes and
10 operations have been performed said outline having been
related articles.
cut out.
The invention still further involves the novel concept of
FIGURE 4 is a plan view of the article of clothing of
providing a quite different type of pattern and availing of
the previous ?gures in cut out condition with the same
said pattern to manipulate fabric or other materials from
having been reversed as respects the inner facing and
which dresses may be made for dolls or the like so as to
obviates many tedious operations usually associated with 15 outer part of the garment.
FIGURE 5 is a side view so to speak of the disclosure
the handling of small pieces of material and large num
in FIGURE 4 illustrating the further assembly‘ operation
bers of such small pieces.
with the inside of the ?nished garment exposed.
The invention primarily contemplates the improvement
FIGURE 6 is a front View of the garment with the
in technique of manufacture whether the same be in small
or large quantities and is primarily adapted for use by 20 article shown in FIGURE 5 having been completely
turned inside out.
those who wish to make small quantities of doll clothes
FIGURE 7 is a rear view of the article shown in
and yet avoid many of the ditliculties attendant thereon.
FIGURE 6.
With the foregoing in mind, the basic improvement sug
vReferring now to the drawings, FIGURE 1 discloses a
gested by this invention resides in changing the type of
pattern which is used to lay out the outline of an article 25 pattern outline, which in this instance is a pattern outline
of a bodice member which may be attached subsequently
of doll clothing or the like and make more simple the
to a skirt, but need not necessarily be so attached. The
cutting out and assembly of such clothing since the number
pattern outline in this instance is arranged so that it may
of pieces to be assembled will be reduced immeasurably
and in most cases be only one or at most two basic
components.
With the improvements suggested by the foregoing, it
is a principal object of this invention to provide a novel
method of doll dress manufacture which comprises the
be transferred to a ?at relatively stiff material such as card
30 board or heavy paper, including identical halves, whereby
the pattern is in absolutely ?at condition.
Portions of the pattern comprising the side members 1
and 2 which members 1 and 2 are identical and each in
clude a skirt attaching portion 3 and 4 respectively, the
provision of a pattern outline which may be transferred
to many different kinds of materials and used over and 35 rear split back edges 5 and 6 and the arm portions 7 and 8
over again without any material alteration or damage to
respectively.
such pattern being the result of such use or required by
The back edges 5 and 6 and the sleeve ends 7 and 8 are
connected by the cut out corners under sleeve parts 9 and
such use.
10 respectively.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide a pat
The front of the bodice is a solid piece generally denoted
tern outline which may be laid out in a completely ?at 40
11 having the skirt attaching edge portion 12 thereon and
condition, and essentially one piece in contrast to the usual
undersleeve edge at 13 and 14 connecting the said skirt
pattern arrangement which involves a number of pieces of
edge 12 with the sleeve ends 7 and 8 respectively. Suitable
?imsy material which in small sections are di?icult to
darts 15 and 16 are illustrated on the pattern outline for
handle.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a‘
pattern member incorporating the outline therein, which
use in subsequent manipulation of said outline.
The neck curve or opening denoted 17 is substantially
circular and connected to the back edges 5 and 6 by the
member is of relatively stiff material so that it may be
used to trace around and in turn impart the outline of said
cut 18 as indicated.
The dotted lines adjacent all of the edges are to- indicate
pattern to fabric or the like from which the clothing is 50
where stitching is to be undertaken and with the pattern
made.
outline illustrated in FIGURE 1 the same is thereafter
Another very important object of the invention is to
transposed on to the reverse side or wrong side of a block
provide a pattern arrangement and method of using the
of material generally denoted 20 the block of the material
same which will make possible initial sewing operations
on the garment or articles of clothing to be performed in 55 in this instance having the stripes indicated in dotted lines
in FIGURE 2 at 21 and the stripes being shown in full
a ?at condition before any cutting to shape the fabric is
lines at 21 in said FIGURE likewise in the turned over
done, thus obviously increasing the speed with which such
operations may be effected as well as simplifying the fol
corner denoted 22.
The pattern outline of FIGURE 1 is transferred to the
lowing of such outline.
Probably one of the most important objects of this 60 Wrong side of the block of material 20 by the use of a soft
invention is to provide a general method which will avail
pencil drawing around the outside edge of the ?at pattern
of the use of facing so as to enable the cutting of a cloth
of FIGURE 1, said ?at pattern of course being stiff enough
ing member in one piece thus eliminating seaming and by
to permit such operation.
the availing of the facing eliminate the tedious hemm-ing,
The foregoing pattern outline may be printed directly
binding and other operations usually associated therewith. 65 on the block of material, if such block is to be furnished
The further fact of course that the sewing may be effected
by a supplier. This will not, however, permit repeated
largely in the ?at condition of the marked but uncut
use of a dress pattern as will be apparent.
material takes advantage of the basic differences herein
- Since one of the features of this invention is to reduce
before outlined and materially assists in the manufacture - the necessity to handle a number of pieces and likewise
to eliminate tedious hemming and binding, facing ma
of articles of doll clothing whether in small or large
70 terial is shown in FIGURE 2 as a block denoted 23 which
quantities.
is placed with its right side up as illustrated in FIGURE 2
Other and equally important objects of this invention
3,056,970
‘en
‘a
4
facing the right side of the block 20 bearing the stripes
respectively, with the neck opening being denoted 17f.
on said right side and thus face to face.
The blocks 20 and 23 are temporarily pinned in a man
ner such as indicated at 24, 25, and 26 to prevent relative
with corresponding numerals in the “ ” series being ap
plied thereto.
movement of the two blocks 20 and 23 until certain op
erations now to be described are undertaken.
with suitable means to hold the edges 5]‘ and 6f closed
The back of the garment is illustrated in FIGURE 7
The bodice thus completed may of course be provided
Discussing now particularly the FIGURE 2 disclosure,
and the skirt connecting portions may be made readily
it will be considered that the pattern outline of the FIG
available for connecting to a skirt or otherwise ?nishing in
URE 1 has been transposed thereon with respective parts
accordance with conventional practice. Such skirt edge
denoted previously bearing the letter “a” subtended there 10 portions are denoted by numerals corresponding to the
to, such as the sleeve ends being denoted 7a and 8a etc.,
previously used numerals with the letter “f” used in con
junction therewith.
these lettered numerals indicating the pencil outline
formed on the wrong side of the material of the block
It will be readily understood that a skirt for a dress
20 the reverse side being designated as the right side
may be made in similar manner, with a suitable pattern
thereof.
outline, or other articles of apparel correspondingly ar
Thereafter very ?ne stitches, preferably about 25 to
ranged so as to be provided from a ?at pattern outline,
the inch may run down the sleeve ends at the positions
transferred to a block of material which may preferably
such as 7b and 8b, along the back edges 5b and 6b and
in turn be provided with facing material, and suitable
around the neck opening at 17b, the neck opening being
sewing operations effected on the thus assembled mate
denoted 17a, as illustrated.
20 rials. By subsequent manipulation of the material the
It should be understood that this stitching takes place
respective parts are turned inside out and thereafter com
while the blocks are in the condition shown in FIGURE 2
pleted whereby substantially fewer operations and tedious
and before any cutting of the outline is undertaken.
handling of small parts are required for doll dress mak
ing as will be readily understood.
FIGURE 3 illustrates the bodice unit so-called, in the
I claim:
condition of having been cut out around the outline, the 25
cut edges now being denoted with the same numbers but
1. The method of doll dress manufacture which com
the letter “0” being applied thereto in conjunction with
prises laying out a ?at one piece pattern outline of the
such numbers, as for example the sleeve ends being de—
dress member to be made on shape retaining material,
noted 70 and 8c, the skirt edges being denoted 3c and 4c
cutting out said pattern outline, positioning fabric mem
respectively.
30 bers constituting facing and outer parts with their right
With the out out members of the FIGURE 3 disclosure,
sides face to face beneath said pattern outline, marking
ready to be manipulated, the same are turned inside out
so that the facing now faces the wrong side of the material
the outline of the pattern outline on the fabric members
along the lines illustrated in FIGURE 4 the stitching
together at predetermined areas, cutting excess fabric away
whilst they are in the position stated, sewing said parts
thereupon assuming the general relationship to the edges 35 according to the outline marked thereon, reversing the
face to face relationship of the fabric parts, and complet
as denoted in dotted lines with the same numerals ap
plied and the letters subtended being in the series “d,”
ing the sewing of the assembled parts as indicated on the
pattern outline.
for example, the sleeve ends being denoted 7d and 8d
respectively, the edges at the back being denoted 5d and
2. The method of doll dress manufacture, which com
6d correspondingly. With the garment shown in the 40 prises providing a ?at one piece pattern outline of a
condition of FIGURE 4 the darts now denoted 15d and
dress member, transferring said outline to a fabric unit
16d respectively are sewn in the usual manner and there
consisting of inner facing and outer parts, sewing said
after the skirt edges 30 and 4c are folded so that they
parts together, cutting excess fabric away from said out
are aligned with the opposite skirt edge 12c in accordance
line, thereafter reversing the relationship of the inner
with conventional sewing practice.
and outer parts whilst in sewed condition, and subse
Thereafter with the facing material outer most, as
quently completing the sewing of said dress member.
manipulated as just previously described, the under arm
3. The method of doll dress manufacture, which com
portions are sewn, the points having been trimmed and
prises laying out the outline of a doll dress on ?at fabric
the curves clipped as will be understood by those skilled
members arranged in face to face position, sewing said
in the art, the sewing under the arms being indicated
members together in such position and to such an ex
in FIGURE 5 at 25 which brings the edges 90 and 130
tent that the parts thus provided may be reversed to re
together. correspondingly the under arm sewing at 25 of
verse the relationship of the members whilst sewed to
the opposite sleeve end 70.’, is the result of bringing to
gether, cutting away excess fabric to facilitate such re
gether the portions 100 and 140 along the lines indicated
versal, causing the parts to be reversed, and thereafter
in FIGURE 6. The FIGURE 6 illustration however is 55 completing the dress.
the result of having reversed the garment completely so
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
that the right side of the material, as for example the
striped material, is outermost as indicated and thus the
UNITED STATES PATENTS
bodice itself is essentially ?nished as far as the sewing
thereof is concerned.
1,047,823
Marsden __ __________ __ Dec. 17, 1912
It will be apparent that there is thus no requirement
11,202,332
Tschirgi _____________ __ Oct. 24, 1916
to manipulate small pieces nor to hem or trim or bind
any of the edges because of the unique manner in which
the garment as a whole has been provided with an inner
facing, and subsequent reversal and manipulation of the 65
respective parts thereof undertaken so that the ?nished
portions bear the related numerals with the letter “ ”
used in conjunction therewith as indicated, for example, the
sleeve ends being denoted 8]‘ and 7]‘ for the right and left
sleeves respectively, darts being indicated at 16)‘ and 15]‘
1,283,076
Clemens ____________ __ Oct. 29, 1918
2,214,794
2,436,060
Le Coq ____________ __ Sept. 17, 1940
Trokie et al ___________ __ Feb. 17, 1948
2,628,359
Shalda ______________ __ Feb. 17, 1953
2,707,284
2,756,434
2,759,192
Artzt ________________ __ May 3,
Rick et a1 _____________ __ July 31,
Levi ________________ __ Aug. 21,
Stein _______________ .._ May 28,
2,793,370
1955
1956
1956
1957
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