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Патент USA US3057115

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Oct. 9, 1962
3,057,102
M. E. HlRscH ETAL
LEVER OPERATED TOY CAP GUN
Filed Sept. 21, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
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INVENTORS.
BY
Ä 7' ÚÑA/ÍYS
OCt- 9» 1962
M. E. HlRscH ETAL.
_
Filed Sept. 2l, 1960
3,057,102
LEVER QPERATED Toy CAP GUN
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
MM'
Oct. 9, 1962
3,057,102
M. E. HlRscH ETAL
LEVER OPERATED TOY CAP GUN
Filed Sept. 21, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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3,057,102
Patented Oct. 9, 1962
l
2
3,057,162
recoil simulating mechanism comprises ra recoil Weight 30,
a spring 32 for moving the weight 30 abruptly and prefer
LEVER GPERA'EED TOY CAP GUN
Maillon E. Hirsch, Fairview, and Raymond l'. Lohr, Erie,
Pa., assignors to )Louis lvlarx @c Company, Inc., New
York, N51., a corporation of New Yori:
Filed Sept. 2l, 196i), Ser. No. 57,417
1d Claims. (Cl. 42-57)
ably rearward in a direction longitudinal of the gun, and
cooking mechanism actuated by the cocking lever 16 to
stress the spring 32, as shown by the change from FIG. 4
to FIG. 5, while the trigger I8 serves to release the recoil
weight and spring in order to simulate recoil.
The particular gun shown is a cap firing gun, and it
This invention relates to toy guns, and more particu
employs caps in strip or roll form, as shown at 34 in FIGS.
larly to cap tiring guns.
10 7 and 10. The gun accordingly has cap strip feeding and
The general object of the present invention is to im
firing mechanism, including an anvil 36 (FIG. l0) which
prove toy guns. A real gun makes a percussive noise,
in the present case is a rotatable cylindrical anvil, and a
with a sharp recoil, accompanied by the smoke and smell
hammer 4o, which in the present case moves nearly hori
of gun powder. Toy cap guns are fairly realistic in
zontally. The cap strip feeding mechanism includes a
many respects, but they have no recoil. Fr¿he primary
ratchet wheel 42 (FIG. 4) and a pawl 44, the latter being
object of the present invention is to improve toy guns
connected at 46 to the hammer 4t) (not visible in FIG. 4).
by providing the same with realistic recoil force. A more
Reverting to FIG. 10, the hammer 4t? is actuated by
specific object is to combine the new recoil mechanism
a hammer spring 48, and is held in rearward position
withy the regular cocking mechanism so that the latter
by a sear Sil, which in the present case is directly con
stresses both the hammer spring of the gun and the re 20 nected to, and indeed is formed integrally with the trigger
coil mechanism, and the trigger releases both.
18. It will be evident that pulling the trigger releases
To accomplish the foregoing general objects, and other
the hammer to strike the cap strip on the anvil 36.
more specific objects which will hereinafter appear, our
Considering the mechanism in somewhat greater detail,
invention resides in the toy gun elements and their re
and referring to FIGS. 2, 4, 5, and 6, the recoil simulat
lation one to another, as are hereinafter more particularly 25 ing mechanism includes a guide rod 52 disposed longi
described in the following specification. The specifica
tudinally of the stock 14 of the gun. The recoil spring
tion is accompanied by drawings in which:
32 is a compression spring coiled around -the guide rod
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a toy cap rifle em~
52. There is a bumper 54 made of rubber or other
bodying features of our invention;
resilient material at the rear end of the rod 52, this being
FIG. 2 shows the rear portion of the gun, with one side 30 backed by a washer 56, which in turn is arrested by stops
`of the gun body removed to expose the mechanism therein;
58 which are pinch excised from the rod 52.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary approximately horizontal sec
The recoil weight 30 has a part 60 disposed between
tion taken in the plane of the line 3_3 of FIG. 2, and
the spring 32 and the bumper 54. There is also means
drawn to enlarged scale;
FIG. 3A shows a fragment of a double cap strip used in
the present gun;
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 2, but With the cocking
to guide the weight for movement longitudinally of the
rod.
In the present case the rear portion 60 is astride
the rod 52, while the forward portion 62 is astride the
spring 32. These parts are integral with a main weight
lever turned down;
body disposed at the side of the rod 52 and spring 32,
FIG. 4A is a fragmentary view corresponding to a part
as is shown in FIG. 9. The weight is additionally and
of FIG. 4, but with the guide rod and recoil spring re 40 primarly guided by a guide track or channel 64 (FIG. 9)
moved.
which receives two cylindrical studs 66 projecting trans
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4, but with the cocking
versely from the Weight at its forward and rear ends.
lever restored, and with the hammer and recoil springs
These parts are also shown in FIG. 4-A, in which studs
compressed;
FIG. 6 is -a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 5, but 45 66 are received ¿between guide rails 64, the lat-ter being
molded integrally with one side of the gun. The same
showing the relation of the parts as the trigger is pulled;
side of the gun also has bosses 63 which act as sockets to
FIG. 7 shows the opposite side of the rear portion of
receive the ends of rod 52, the latter being bent at right
the gun body, without the recoil mechanism, and with
angles to the main body of the rod. Rubber bushings
the cap mechanism turned down for reloading with a
new load of caps;
50 70 are preferably disposed between the ends of the rod
and the bosses or sockets 68.
FIG. 8 is a transverse section taken approximately in
The cooking lever I6 is pivoted at 72 and has an oifset
the plane of the line 8-3 of FIG. 4;
extension 74 inside the gun. The parts 16 and 74 to
FIG. 9 is a transverse section taken approximately in
gether constitute the cooking lever, and they may be
the plane of the line 9-9 of FIG. 4; and
FIG. 10 is a somewhat schematic view explanatory of 55 turned downward from the position shown in FIG. 2 to
that shown in FIG. 4, and then restored as shown in
the cap firing mechanism.
FIG. 5.
Referring to the drawing, and more particularly to
The lever has a link 76 extending rearward to a hook
FIG. l, the invention is here shown embodied in a toy
78. The >hook has transversely extending trunnions 80
cap-shooting rifle. 'Ihis comprises a simulated barrel l2
and stock 14, with a cooking lever 16 and trigger 13. The 60 which ride in guide »tracks 82 molded integrally with one,
and preferably both, sides of the gun, as will tbe seen
also from inspection of FIGS. 7 and 9. The forward
end of the recoil weight 30 preferably has a detent pro
rated on a vertical parting plane passing substantially
jection 84 at the top and another 86 at the bottom.
through the center of the barrel l2 and stock 14. The
When the cooking lever I6 is turned down, as shown
exterior of the gun may be suitably embellished and 65
in FIG. 4, the link 76 and hook 78 move back to and
ornamented to improve its realism, as by the provision
engage the recoil Weight 30. When the cooking lever is
of simulated sights Ztl and 22 and a simulated hammer
turned back or restored, as shown in FIG. 5, the weight
24. The parts 14 and 26 may be grained to better simu
3i? is pulled forward against the spring 32. There is a
late wood. However, the actual working mechanism is
preferably made of metal, most of the parts being die 70 scar SS for engaging and holding the weight Sti when the
cast, including the cocking lever 26 and the trigger i8.
weight is in forward position, and at the same time the
body of the gun may be molded in two halves out of a
suitable plastics molding material, the halves being sepa
Referring now to FIGS. 2, 5, and 9 of the drawing, the
hook 73 is disengaged from -the weight when the weight
3,057,102
is in forward position. This is accomplished by the shape
of the hook guide track 82 previously referred to, for
the forward portion 83 (FIG. 4-A) of `the track is higher
than the main body of the track and therefore the track
acting on the trunnions 8€! raises the hook 78 to disengagc
the detent 84 when the hook approaches its forward posi
tion, or more precisely when the weight has already been
engaged by the sear 88. The sear 88 is normally urged
upward by a spring 89 (FIG. 4) which is coiled about
the pivot 99 of the sear.
Referring now to FIG. 5, the trigger 18 has means to
release the sear 88 and thereby release the spring 32 to
move the recoil weight abruptly rearward against the
bumper 54. More speciñcally, the sear 88 is pivoted at
and two of these guide rails are shown at 126 in FIG. 3.
Referring to FIG. l0, the cap roll 34 is slid over a
stationary pin 130 projecting 4from one side of the frame
previously referred to. The cap strip then passes
around the anvil 36, it being held on the anvil by a shoe
132 carried at the forward end of an arm 134 pivoted at
136. Shoe 132 is grooved to pa-ss pins 112. The arm
is urged downward by a spring 138 coiled about the
pin 136, as best shown in FIG. 3. The shoe 132 is
preferably enlarged to act as a ñash guard, as Shown at
133 in FIG. 3. For the same purpose an upright wall
or partition 140 (FIG. 10) is provided, this being cast
with the frame. The used cap strip 142 is guided by
a guide 144 also formed with the frame, and this guides
the strip downward and forward out of the gun. To
9€) and has a forward extension 92. The trigger 18 has a
help clean the anvil of the cap strip, a wiper spring 146
rearward extension or lift 94. When the trigger is pulled
is provided. The movable end of this spring or blade
the lift 94 raises the part 92, as shown in FIG. 6, thereby
is
notched at ytwo places to clear the sprocket pins 112,
lowering the sear 88, and so releasing the weight 3€).
and otherwise the blade scrapes .the cylindrical surface
In respect to the hook guides 82, and referring to
of the anvil. The thickness is exaggerated in FIG. 10.
FIG. 7, it will be noted that the top guide is raised at 20
To facilitate reloading a fresh roll of caps, the entire
the rear end 96, while the bottom guide 98 retains the
frame 120 may be turned down out of the gun, as
lower level of the main part of the guide track. This is
shown in phantom lines in FIG. 7. This exposes the
to permit the hook 78 (FIG. 4) to rise over and engage
pin 130 over which the cap roll is slid, and it also
the detent S4. The action may be gravitational, but
25 exposes the shoe 132 (FIG. l0) so that the latter may
preferably is made more cer-tain by the provision of a
be lifted to receive the end of the cap strip therebeneath.
leaf spring 168, the rear end of which bears downward
The cap tiring mechanism is normally held up in work
on the top of the hook 78, while the forward end 102 is
ing position by a releasable lock or latch, best shown
anchored in position by three molded pins 104, two of
in FIG. 8. This includes a release button 150 urged out~
which are above the spring, while the third is below the 30 ward by a leaf spring 152, the spring being secured at
spring, and so disposed as to flex the spring and thereby
154. At its inner end button 150 carries a lock portion
hold it in position.
156 of large diameter, and a release portion 158 of
The cocking lever 16, 74 also feeds the cap strip and
small diameter. The frame 120 of the cap tiring mech
cocks the hammer. When the cocking lever is turned
anism has a pair of upstanding ears 160, and these have
down, as shown in FIG. 4, the arm 74 engages a hu-b 35 the shape shown in FIGS. 2 and 7. When the button
formed on feed pawl 44 and located around the pin or
150 is in the position shown in FIG. 8, the cap mech
trunnion 46. The latter is horizontally movable in a
anism is held securely in raised position. However,
slot 106, and arm 74 forces the trunnion and pawl rear~
when the button 150` is pressed inward, the large di
ward from the position shown in FIG. 2 to that shown in
ameter portion 156 is moved out from between the ears,
FIGS. 4 and 5. Thus the pawl 44 moves the ratchet 40 and the small diameter portion 158 is moved between
wheel 42 for one tooth, and this corresponds to a rota
the ears. These `are spaced more than the small di
tion of the anvil 36 (FIG. 10) corresponding to the
ameter, and therefore the cap mechanism frame, to
spacing or pitch between pellets of gun powder on the
gether with the cooking lever, `are all free to turn down as
cap strip. The pawl is urged into engagement with the
shown in FIG. 7. This action is not interfered with
ratchet wheel by a small pull spring 114 (FIGS. 2 and
5).
The cap strip is preferably of the perforated type, and
in the present case is a double cap strip. A fragment of
this cap strip is shown in FIG. 3-A, and it has two rows
of perforations 108, as well as two rows of gun powder
pellets 110. Reverting to FIG. l0, the anvil 36 has pins
or sprocket -teeth 112 which mate with the sprocket holes
108. When the ycocking lever is restored, as shown in
FIG. 5, the pawl 44 remains in rearward position. Thus
the action of the cocking lever 16 serves to feed the cap
strip.
Moreover, it cocks the hammer, and it will be recalled
that lthe pin or trunnion 46 projects sidewardly from
by the link 76 and track 82, because the part 83 of the
latter is extended forwardly.
We previously mentioned that the gun body is made
in two halves which are molded out of plastiœ material,
and which then are secured together in edge-to-edge
relation. To help properly register the sides of the gun,
yand to strengthen their attachment, the meeting edges
are provided with mating pins and holes which are
molded as a part of the regular molding operation. The
pins or dowells are shown around the periphery of the
gun in FIGS. 2, 4, and 5, while the mating holes or
sockets Aare shown around the periphery of the gun in
FIG. 7. The mechanism is placed in the gun while it
is still open, and therafter the sides are secured to
the hammer 40, as indicated in FIGS. 3 and 10. When
gether, as by means of a suitable adhesive or cement or
the cocking lever is turned down, as shown in FIG. 4,
solvent. The mating of pins and sockets is shown in
60
the hammer is moved back by arm 74, and it is then
FIG. 9 at 162 and 164. The gun body as molded in
engaged and held by the sear (FIG. 10) forming a part
cludes sockets at 166 (FIGS. 2 and 7) for receiving a
of the trigger. The trigger is normally turned forward,
and therefore the sear 50 is moved upward, by a con
pin passing through the forward end of the cap mech
anism frame, and on which the frame pivots when turned
ventional trigger spring, which in the present case is
down for reloading, as shown in FIG. 7. The sides also
coiled about the pivot 116 of the trigger. This spring is 65 include sockets 168 (FIG. 7) for the pivot 90 (FIGS.
indicated at 118 in FIG. 2.
4 and 5) of the sear 88. Other significant parts are
Referring to FIG. 3, the weighty die cast hammer
molded with the sides of the gun, as previously explained
40 is slidable in horizontal guides which form a part
in connection with FIG. 4-A (the guides 64, the sockets
of a die cast frame 120.
The hammer has a rod 122
68, and the guides 82) and FIG. 7 (the guides 82).
extending rearwardly therefrom, the said rod being slid 70
It is believed that the construction, method of as
able through a passage formed in stop ears 124 which
form a part of the frame 120.
The hammer spring 48
is a compression spring disposed around the rod 122.
sembly, and the operation of our improved toy gun, as
well as the advantages thereof, will be apparent from
the foregoing detailed description. A child cocks and
There are four guide rails for the hammer, one above
the one below the hammer at each side of the frame 120, 75 fires the gun in the usual manner.
When he fires the
5
3,057,102>~
gun he _experiences a forcible recoil blow at the shoulder,
exactly as though firing a real gun.
IIt will be apparent that, while we have shown and
described our invention in a preferred form, changes
may be made in the structure shown, without departing
from the scope of the invention as sought to be defined
in the following claims.
6
Ward to said hook, means whereby said hook moves back n
to and engages the recoil weight when the cocking lever
is turned down and then pulls said weight forward against
the recoil spring when the lever is restored, and a trigger
for releasing both the hammer and the Sear and thereby
releasing the recoil spring to move the recoil weight
abruptly rearward with simulated recoil as a cap is ñred.
We claim:
6. A toy cap gun comprising cap strip feeding and
l. A toy gun with recoil simulating mechanism, said
tiring mechanism including an anvil and a hammer, recoil
gun comprising a guide means disposed longitudinally of 10 simulating mechanism including a guide means disposed
the gun, a recoil spring extending longitudinally of said
longitudinally of the gun, a recoil spring disposed longi
guide means, a recoil weight connected to said spring for
tudinally of said gun, a recoil weight connected to said
movement along said guide means, a hook, a cocking lever
spring for movement along the guide means, a hook, a
having a link extending rearward to said hook, means
cocking lever for cocking said hammer and feeding the
whereby said hook moves back to and engages the recoil 15 cap strip, said lever having a link extending rearward to
weight when the cocking lever is turned down and then
said hook, means whereby said hook moves back to and
pulls said weight forward against the recoil spring when
engages the recoil weight when the cocking lever is turned
the lever is restored, and a trigger for releasing the recoil
down and then pulls said weight forward against the
spring to move the recoil weight abruptly rearward to
recoil spring when the lever is restored, a sear for engag
simulate recoil.
20 ing and holding said weight when the weight is in forward
2. A toy gun with recoil simulating mechanism, said
gun comprising guide means disposed longitudinally of
the gun, a recoil spring extending longitudinally of the
position, means for disengaging the hook from the weight
when the weight is in forward position, and a trigger for
releasing both the hammer and the sear and thereby re
gun, a recoil weight acted on by said spring and guided
leasing the recoil spring to move the recoil weight abruptly
by said guide means for movement longitudinally of the 25 rearward with simulated recoil as a cap is tired.
gun, ahook, a cocking lever having a link extending rear
7. A toy cap gun comprising cap strip feeding ‘and
ward to said hook, means whereby said hook moves back
firing mechanism including an anvil and a hammer, recoil
to and engages the'recoil weight when the cocking lever
simulating mechanism including a guide rod disposed
is turned down and then pulls the weight forward against
longitudinally of the gun, a recoil spring around said rod,
the force of the recoil spring when the lever is restored, a 30 a rubber bumper at the rear end of said rod, a recoil
sear for engaging and holding said weight when the weight
weight having a part disposed between said spring and
is in forward position, means for disengaging the hook
said bumper, and means to guide the weight for movement
from the weight when the weight is in forward position,
longitudinally of the rod, a hook, a cocking lever for cock
and a trigger for releasing the sear, thereby releasing the
ing said hammer and feeding the cap strip, said lever
recoil spring to move the recoil weight abruptly rearward 35 having a link extending rearward to said hook, means
to simulate recoil.
whereby said hook moves back to and engages the recoil
3. A toy gun with recoil simulating mechanism, said
gun comprising a guide rod disposed longitudinally of
pulls said weight forward against the recoil spring when
weight when the cocking lever is turned down and then
the gun, a recoil spring around said rod, a resilient bumper
the lever is restored, a sear for engaging and holding said
at the rear end of said rod, a recoil weight having a part 40 weight when the weight is in forward position, means for
disposed between said spring and said bumper, means to
disengaging the hook from the weight when the weight is
guide the weight for movement longitudinally of the rod,
in forward position, and a trigger for releasing both the
a hook, a cocking lever having a link extending rearward
hammer and the scar `and thereby releasing the recoil
to said hook, means whereby said hook moves back to
spring to move the recoil weight abruptly rearward against
and engages the recoil weight when the cocking lever is 45 the bumper with simulated recoil as a cap is fired.
turned down and then pulls said weight forward against
8. A toy cap rifle comprising a barrel, a breech por
the recoil spring when the lever is restored, a scar for
tion, a hollow stock, a mechanism frame pivoted for
engaging and holding said weight when the weight is in
movement out of the breech portion to receive a new
forward position, means for disengaging the hook from
the weight when the weight is in forward position, and a
trigger for releasing the sear and thereby releasing the
recoil spring to move the recoil weight abruptly rearward
against the bumper to simulate recoil.
roll of cap strip, cap strip feeding and firing mechanism
a resilient bumper at the rear end of said rod, a Irecoil
means whereby said hook moves back to and engages
including an anvil and a hammer in the mechanism
frame, recoil simulating mechanism including a recoil
spring in said stock, a recoil Weight in said stock and
acted on by said spring, means in said stock to guide
4. A toy cap gun comprising cap strip feeding and
the weight for movement longitudinally of the gun, a
tiring mechanism including an anvil and a hammer, recoil 55 hook, a cocking lever pivoted on the mechanism frame
simulating mechanism including a guide rod disposed
for cocking said hammer and feeding the cap strip, said
longitudinally of the gun, a recoil spring around said rod,
lever having a link extending rearward to said hook,
weight connected to said spring, means to guide the weight
the recoil weight when the cocking lever is turned down
for movement longitudinally of the rod, a cocking means 60 and then pulls said weight forward against the recoil
for cocking said hammer and feeding the cap strip and
spring when the lever is restored, a sear for engaging
for pulling said weight forward against the recoil spring,
and holding said weight when the weight is in forward
a sear for engaging and holding said weight when the
position, means for disengaging the hook from the Weight
weight is in forward position, and a trigger for releasing
when the weight is in forward position, and a trigger
both the hammer and the Sear and thereby releasing the 65 for releasing both the hammer and the sear and thereby
recoil spring to move the recoil weight abruptly rearward
releasing the recoil spring to move the recoil weight
against the bumper with simulated recoil as a cap is tired.
abruptly rearward with simulated recoil as a cap is tired,
5. A toy cap gun comprising cap strip feeding and
said link being so disposed relative to the mechanism
firing mechanism including an anvil and a hammer, recoil
frame and the hook that the link does not inerfere with
simulating mechanism including a guide means disposed 70 movement of the mechanism frame out of the breech
longitudinally of the gun, a recoil spring disposed longi
portion of the gun to receive a new roll of cap strip.
tudinally of said guide means, a recoil weight connected
9. A toy cap riñe comprising a barrel, a breech p0r
to said spring and movable along said guide means, a
tion, a hollow stock, a mechanism frame pivoted for
hook, a cocking lever for cocking said hammer and feed
movement out of the breech portion to receive a new roll
ing the cap strip, said lever having a link extending rear 75 of cap strip, cap strip feeding and ñring mechanism in
3,057,102
7
cluding an anvil and a hammer in the mechanism frame,
recoil simulating mechanism including a guide rod dis
posed longitudinally of the gun inside the hollow stock,
a recoil spring, a recoil weight acted on by said spring,
means to guide the weight for movement longitudinally
of the rod, a hook, a cocking lever pivoted on the mech
anism frame for cocking said hammer and feeding the
cap strip, said lever having a link extending rearward to
said hook, means whereby said hook moves back to and
rear end of said rod, a recoil weight having a part dis-l
posed between said spring and said bumper, means to
guide the weight for movement longitudinally of the rod,
a hook, a cocking lever pivoted on the mechanism frame
for cocking said hammer and feeding the cap strip, said
lever having a link extending rearward to said hook,
means whereby said hook moves back to and engages the
recoil weight when the cocking lever is turned down and
then pulls said weight forward against the recoil spring
engages the recoil weight when the cooking lever is turned 10 when the lever is restored, a sear for engaging and hold
ing said weight when the weight is in forward position,
down and then pulls said weight forward against the re
means for disengaging the hook from the weight when
coil spring when the lever is restored, a sear for engaging
the weight is in forward position, and a trigger for releas
and holding said weight when the weight is in forward
ing both the hammer and the Sear and thereby releasing
position, means for disengaging the hook from the weight
when the weight is in forward position, and a trigger for 15 the recoil spring to move the recoil weight abruptly rear
ward against the bumper with simulated recoil as a cap
releasing both the hammer and the sear and thereby releas
is tired, said link being so disposed relative to the mecha
ing the recoil spring to move the recoil weight abruptly
nism frame and the hook that the link does not interfere
rearward with simulated recoil as a cap is fired, said link
being so disposed relative to the mechanism frame and the
with movement of the mechanism frame out of the breech
hook that the link does not interfere with movement of 20 portion of the gun to receive a new roll of cap strip.
the mechanism frame out of the breech portion of the
gun to receive a new roll of cap strip.
References Cited in the file of this patent
l0. A toy cap rifle comprising a barrel, a breech por
tion, a hollow stock, a mechanism frame pivoted for
UNITED STATES PATENTS
movement out of the breech portion to receive a new roll 25
of cap strip, cap strip feeding and ñring mechanism in
cluding «an anvil and a hammer in the mechanism frame,
recoil simulating mechanism including a guide rod dis
posed longitudinally of the gun inside the hollow stock,
a recoil spring around said rod, a rubber bumper at the
1,464,610
Keil _________________ _- Aug. 14, 1923
2,023,497
2,433,637
Trammell ____________ _- Dec. 10, 1935
Trotter ______________ _„ Dec. 30, 1947
2,814,144
2,866,287
Brown et al ___________ __ Nov. 26, 1957
Ryan ________________ __ Dec. 30, 1958
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